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Journal of Research in Health Sciences

Mostafa Rad, Abdolghader Assarroudi, Mohammad Reza Armat, Nematullah Shomoossi
2016: Journal of Research in Health Sciences
Satar Rezaei, Behzad Karami Matin, Mohammad Hajizadeh
2016: Journal of Research in Health Sciences
Vinayak K Nahar, Kyle M Nelson, M Allison Ford, Manoj Sharma, Martha A Bass, Mary A Haskins, John C Garner
BACKGROUND: Osteoporosis is a systemic skeletal disorder characterized by low bone mineral density (BMD) that leads to an increase in bone fragility, causing an individual to be at an increased risk for fractures. Asian-Indians are at an increased risk for developing osteoporosis. Considering the number of Asian-Indians in the US is rapidly growing, they likely could be an underappreciated population at risk for bone fractures. The aim of this study was to investigate bone health and determine the factors affecting BMD in Asian-Indians living in the US...
2016: Journal of Research in Health Sciences
Tsheten Tsheten, Dorji Tshering, Kinley Gyem, Sangay Dorji, Sonam Wangchuk, Tenzin Tenzin, Lungten Norbu, Tshering Jamtsho
BACKGROUND: An outbreak investigation was carried out to determine the cause and confirm the source of food poisoning in Deptsang village for implementing prevention and control measures. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study for the outbreak investigation. Stool specimens were collected from cases to perform culture and antibiogram. The team also inspected the environment and hygiene practices in both the construction site and the entire community...
2016: Journal of Research in Health Sciences
Saeed Bashirian, Majid Barati, Younes Mohammadi, Hossein Mostafaei
BACKGROUND: As students' hookah use has become a widespread problem in the developing countries, it is time to understand the cognitive determinants of students' decisions to do so. This study aimed to investigate the roles of psychological and demographic factors associated with hookah use among male high school students. METHODS: This descriptive-analytical study was performed among 601 high school male students, recruited through multistage sampling method in the Kermanshah City, west of Iran in 2016...
2016: Journal of Research in Health Sciences
Mehdi Nosratabadi, Zohreh Halvaiepour
BACKGROUND: Military service is a crucial period in the lives of young people and during this period soldier facing with multiple psychosocial problems. OBJECTIVES: The present study aimed to explore structural analysis of the relationships between depression, drug abuse, social support and the risk of suicidal ideation among Military Medical University soldiers in Iran. METHODS: In the present correlational research, a sample of 176 soldiers, from three units, was selected using randomly stratified sampling...
2016: Journal of Research in Health Sciences
Vida Zaroushani, Ali Khavanin, Ahmad Jonidi Jafari, Seyed Bagher Mortazavi
BACKGROUND: Widespread use of X-band frequency (a part of the super high frequency microwave) in the various workplaces would contribute to occupational exposure with potential of adverse health effects.  According to limited study on microwave shielding for the workplace, this study tried to prepare a new microwave shielding for this purpose. METHODS: We used EI-403 epoxy thermosetting resin as a matrix and nickel oxide nanoparticle with the diameter of 15-35 nm as filler...
2016: Journal of Research in Health Sciences
Mahtab Azizi, Rostam Golmohammadi, Mohsen Aliabadi
BACKGROUND: Some characteristics of lighting sources such as color properties and ultraviolet emissions have important roles on visual and non-visual health effects of lighting. This study aimed to investigate the light emissions of some compact fluorescent lamps (CFLs) and incandescent lamps commercially available to the Iranian consumers. METHODS: Sixty lamps included 48 single envelope CFLs, and 12 incandescent lamps available in the electrical devices markets (in the west of Iran) were randomly selected from famous manufacturers between 2014 and 2015...
2016: Journal of Research in Health Sciences
Mohammad Hossein Taghdisi, Towhid Babazadeh, Fatemeh Moradi, Fariba Shariat
BACKGROUND: The importance of consuming fruits and vegetables (F&V) in prevention of chronic diseases is known. Childhood play an important role in formation of healthy eating habits. The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of education, with application of the theory of planned behavior, on improvement of F&V consumption. METHODS: In this quasi-experimental study, 184 fourth, fifth, and sixth-grade students participated were enrolled from Jan 2013 to Jun 2014...
2016: Journal of Research in Health Sciences
Negin-Sadat Mirian, Morteza Sedehi, Soleiman Kheiri, Ali Ahmadi
BACKGROUND: In medical studies, when the joint prediction about occurrence of two events should be anticipated, a statistical bivariate model is used. Due to the limitations of usual statistical models, other methods such as Artificial Neural Network (ANN) and hybrid models could be used. In this paper, we propose a hybrid Artificial Neural Network-Genetic Algorithm (ANN-GA) model to prediction the occurrence of heart block and death in myocardial infarction (MI) patients simultaneously...
2016: Journal of Research in Health Sciences
Eshetu Molla Belete, Amanuel Bedane Roro
BACKGROUND: There were about of 124 to 283 million cases of malaria with 367,000 to 755,000 deaths annually. This study aimed to assess the prevalence of malaria cases and associated risk factors among attendants at Chichu and Wonago health centers, South Ethiopia. METHODS: In this health institution based cross sectional study, 324 subjects, attendants from outpatient department who came for any kind of medical services, were included during May to June 2016. A blood film examination format and structured questionnaire were used for data collection...
2016: Journal of Research in Health Sciences
Erfan Ayubi, Kamyar Mansori
2016: Journal of Research in Health Sciences
Marzie Farimani, Maryam Bahmanzadeh, Jalal Poorolajal
2016: Journal of Research in Health Sciences
Vinayak K Nahar, Amer Hosain, Manoj Sharma, Stephanie K Jacks, Robert T Brodell
2016: Journal of Research in Health Sciences
Meysam Olfatifar, Manoochehr Karami, Syed Mehdi Hosseini, Masoud Parvin
BACKGROUND: This study was conducted to detect clusters of pulmonary TB cases in Hamadan Province, west of Iran. METHODS: All patients with pulmonary tuberculosis recorded in the surveillance system from 2005 to 2013 were studied. The spatial scan statistic was used to detect significant clusters in status of unadjusted and adjusted for age, sex and location residence variables. RESULTS: Clusters with high rate for both purely spatial and space-time analyses were seen in the same geographical areas composed of four city of Asadabad, Bahar, Toyserkan and Nahavand...
2016: Journal of Research in Health Sciences
Sonali Bhattar, Prabhav Aggarwal, Satyendra Kumar Sahani, Preena Bhalla
BACKGROUND: HIV, syphilis, hepatitis B and C (HBV & HCV) infections modify the epidemiology and presentation of each other. This study aimed to estimate the seroprevalence of these infections and their co-infections in sexually transmitted infections (STI) clinic attendees in New Delhi, India. METHODS: A retrospective study including 220 patients was conducted during May 2014 through December 2014. Serodiagnosis of HIV was performed as per Strategy III of NACO guidelines; syphilis by VDRL followed by TPHA; HBV and HCV by rapid immuno-chromatographic test followed by ELISA...
2016: Journal of Research in Health Sciences
Mahdi Jalali, Mohammad Javad Zare Sakhvidi, Abdulrahman Bahrami, Nima Berijani, Hussein Mahjub
BACKGROUND: Silicosis is considered an oxidative stress related disease that can lead to the development of lung cancer. In this study, our purpose was to analysis of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in the exhaled breath of workers exposed to silica containing dust and compare peak area of these compounds with silicosis patients and healthy volunteers (smokers and nonsmokers) groups. METHODS: In this cross sectional case-control study, the exhaled breath of 69 subjects including workers exposed to silica (n=20), silicosis patient (n=4), healthy non-smoker (n=20) and healthy smoker (n=25) were analyzed...
2016: Journal of Research in Health Sciences
Hamid Tavakoli Ghouchani, Shamsedin Niknami, Farkhondeh Aminshokravi, Seyed Kaveh Hojjat
BACKGROUND: Understanding the motives and reasons for drug treatment is very important. This study aimed to develop a psychometric evaluation to determine the reasons for addiction treatment among outpatients referred to addiction treatment clinics. METHODS: This cross-sectional validation study included five phases (i) Item generation (ii) Making an initial questionnaire (iii) Content validity (iv) Reliability analysis and (v) Structure validity. Addiction treatment motivations were identified by reviewing literatures and interviews with 21 stakeholders...
2016: Journal of Research in Health Sciences
Salman Khazaei, Erfan Ayubi, Mohammad Ali Mansournia, Hossein Rafiemanesh
BACKGROUND: Investigation of tuberculosis (TB)-specific indices including prevalence of TB, mortality of TB cases excluding HIV, HIV/TB mortality, incidence of TB (all forms), HIV/TB incidence as well as case detection and related trends is a crucial step in evaluation of program performance and strategies success. Besides, estimating the number and time of change points for TB incidence can help to detect effective factors in TB control. Therefore, the current study aimed to determine the trend of aforementioned indices in Iran during a 25 yr period (1990 to 2014)...
2016: Journal of Research in Health Sciences
Hamidreza Heidari, Farideh Golbabaei, Aliakbar Shamsipour, Abbas Rahimi Forushani, Abbasali Gaeini
BACKGROUND: Heat stress evaluation and timely notification, especially using meteorological data is an important issue attracted attention in recent years. Therefore, this study aimed at answering the following research questions: 1) can enthalpy as a common environmental parameter reported by meteorological agencies be applied accurately for evaluation of thermal condition of outdoor settings, and 2) if so, what is it's the best criterion to detect areas in stress or stress-free situations, separately...
2016: Journal of Research in Health Sciences
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