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Journal of Research in Health Sciences

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676589/association-between-catechol-o-methyltransferase-val158met-158g-a-polymorphism-and-suicide-susceptibility-a-meta-analysis
#1
Tahereh Sadeghiyeh, Fatemeh Hosseini Biouki, Mahta Mazaheri, Masoud Zare-Shehneh, Hossein Neamatzadeh, Zahra Poursharif
BACKGROUND: Common functional Val158Met polymorphism in the Catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) gene may have an impact on an individual's susceptibility to suicide, but individually published results are inconclusive. Therefore, we performed this meta-analysis to provide a more precise estimation of the association between COMT 158G/A (COMT Val158Met) polymorphism and suicide susceptibility. STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional study. METHODS: This systematic review and meta-analysis is a comprehensive literature search of PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science and Google Scholar databases was conducted on case-control studies published up to Mar 2017...
June 24, 2017: Journal of Research in Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676594/suicide-mortality-trends-in-four-provinces-of-iran-with-the-highest-mortality-from-2006-2016
#2
Hajar Nazari Kangavari, Ahmad Shojaei, Seyed Saeed Hashemi Nazari
BACKGROUND: Suicide is a major cause of unnatural deaths in the world. Its incidence is higher in western provinces of Iran. So far, there has not been any time series analysis of suicide in western provinces. The purpose of this study was to analyze suicide mortality data from 2006 to 2016 as well as to forecast the number of suicides for 2017 in four provinces of Iran (Ilam, Kermanshah and Lorestan and Kohgiluyeh and Boyer-Ahmad). STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive-analytic study...
June 14, 2017: Journal of Research in Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676593/the-relationship-between-food-insecurity-and-esophageal-and-gastric-cancers-a-case-control-study
#3
Milad Daneshi-Maskooni, Mahtab Badri-Fariman, Nahal Habibi, Ahmadreza Dorosty-Motlagh, Hashem Yavari, Arvin Kashani, Mostafa Hosseini
BACKGROUND: Food insecurity is defined as the limited or uncertain availability of enough food for permanent active and healthy life. Upper gastrointestinal (GI) cancers (esophagus and stomach) are one of five most common cancers in Iran. This study aimed to determine the association of food insecurity and upper GI cancers in newly diagnosed patients. STUDY DESIGN: Case-control study. METHODS: Overall, 120 patients with upper GI cancers as cases and 120 patients with orthopedic, ear-nose-throat (ENT), and neurologic diseases as controls were recruited from Imam Khomeini Hospital, Tehran, Iran in 2013...
June 14, 2017: Journal of Research in Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676592/epidemiologic-trend-of-smear-positive-smear-negative-extra-pulmonary-and-relapse-of-tuberculosis-in-iran-2001-2015-a-repeated-cross-sectional-study
#4
Shahram Arsang-Jang, Marjan Mansourian, Firouz Amani, Tohid Jafari-Koshki
BACKGROUND: Trend analysis is an important tool to monitor epidemiological changes of disease over time to guide resource allocation. This study aimed to study incidence trends and change-points of smear positive, smear negative, extra-pulmonary and relapse of tuberculosis (TB) in Iran from 2001 to 2015. STUDY DESIGN: Repeated cross-sectional study METHODS: Nonlinear segmented regression was used to describe TB incidence trends; annual percent change (APC), average annual percent changes (AAPC) and change points for each disease separately...
May 20, 2017: Journal of Research in Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676591/predictors-of-readiness-to-quit-stages-and-intention-to-quit-cigarette-smoking-in-2-and-6-months-in-lebanon
#5
Nelly Layoun, Souheil Hallit, Mirna Waked, Zeina Aoun Bacha, Isabelle Godin, Michele Dramaix, Pascale Salameh
BACKGROUND: We aimed at examining quitting behaviors among Lebanese cigarette smokers in order to clarify characteristics of adults who were more likely to intend to quit smoking. STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional study. METHODS: This study was conducted between March 2014 and March 2015, involving 382 patients randomly chosen from 5 outpatient clinics in 5 hospitals in Lebanon. A standardized questionnaire was completed including socio-demographic characteristics, smoking behavior, chronic respiratory symptoms, Fagerstrom scale, Mondor scale, packaging perception, quitting behavior and readiness to quit ladder...
May 11, 2017: Journal of Research in Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676590/modeling-the-geographic-consequence-and-pattern-of-dengue-fever-transmission-in-thailand
#6
Collins Bekoe, Tatdow Pansombut, Pakwan Riyapan, Sampurna Kakchapati, Aniruth Phon-On
BACKGROUND: Dengue fever is one of the infectious diseases that is still a public health problem in Thailand. This study considers in detail, the geographic consequence, seasonal and pattern of dengue fever transmission among the 76 provinces of Thailand from 2003 to 2015. STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional study. METHODS: The data for the study was from the Department of Disease Control under the Bureau of Epidemiology, Thailand. The quarterly effects and location on the transmission of dengue was modeled using an alternative additive log-linear model...
May 4, 2017: Journal of Research in Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469046/gender-specific-predictors-of-depressive-symptoms-among-community-elderly
#7
Mahbobeh Faramarzi, Mahla Cheraghi, Mohammad Zamani, Farzan Kheirkhah, Ali Bijani, Seyed Reza Hosseini
BACKGROUND: We aimed to determine the gender-specific predictors of depressive symptoms among an Iranian elderly community population. STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional study. METHODS: This study was performed on elderly subjects (aged ≥60 yr) who participated in the Amirkola Health and Aging Project, Amirkola, Babol, northern Iran in 2011-12. Depression was assessed by the Geriatric Depression Scale. Fourteen variables, including marital status, age, education, occupation, living alone, social support, dependency in daily activities, physical activity, smoking, body mass index, chronic pain, medicine use, comorbidities, and cognitive impairment, were analyzed as predictors of depression...
April 29, 2017: Journal of Research in Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469044/the-world-s-scientific-authority-and-health-related-challenges
#8
Jalal Poorolajal
.
April 17, 2017: Journal of Research in Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469045/effect-of-educational-program-based-on-precede-and-trans-theoretical-models-on-preventing-decline-in-regular-physical-activity-and-improving-it-among-students
#9
Masomeh Rostami-Moez, Forouzan Rezapur-Shahkolai, Seyyed Mohammad-Mahdi Hazavehei, Manoochehr Karami, Akram Karimi-Shahanjarini, Farzad Nazem
BACKGROUND: Adolescents especially middle school girls do not follow 60 min of regular physical activity (RPA), recommended by WHO, and endure physical activity decline. Using theory-based interventional program, considering the age of decline in RPA, seems to be effective. The aim of this study was to determine the effects of educational program, based on PRECEDE and Trans-Theoretical models, on preventing decline in RPA and improving it among 7th grade girl students. STUDY DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial...
April 10, 2017: Journal of Research in Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413167/impact-of-a-new-law-to-reduce-the-legal-blood-alcohol-concentration-limit-a-poisson-regression-analysis-and-descriptive-approach
#10
Beatriz Nistal-Nuño
BACKGROUND: In Chile, a new law introduced in March 2012 lowered the blood alcohol concentration (BAC) limit for impaired drivers from 0.1% to 0.08% and the BAC limit for driving under the influence of alcohol from 0.05% to 0.03%, but its effectiveness remains uncertain. The goal of this investigation was to evaluate the effects of this enactment on road traffic injuries and fatalities in Chile. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective cohort study. METHODS: Data were analyzed using a descriptive and a Generalized Linear Models approach, type of Poisson regression, to analyze deaths and injuries in a series of additive Log-Linear Models accounting for the effects of law implementation, month influence, a linear time trend and population exposure...
March 31, 2017: Journal of Research in Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413168/prevalence-of-hiv-hbv-and-hcv-and-related-risk-factors-amongst-male-homeless-people-in-lorestan-province-the-west-of-iran
#11
Amin Doosti-Irani, Hamid Mokhaeri, Ali Chegini Sharafi, Mohammad Reza Aghasadeghi, Morteza Hajimiragha, Mohammad Saki, Mohammad Hassan Kayedi, Ehsan Mostafavi
BACKGROUND: Homeless people are at a higher risk of blood-born infectious diseases. The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of HIV, HBV, HCV and related risk factors among male homeless people. STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional study. METHODS: This study was conducted in Khorramabad City, western Iran from January to June 2015. A pre-designed validated questionnaire was used to collect the data on behavioral and other potential risk factors...
March 11, 2017: Journal of Research in Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413170/selecting-strategies-to-reduce-high-risk-unsafe-work-behaviors-using-the-safety-behavior-sampling-technique-and-bayesian-network-analysis
#12
Fakhradin Ghasemi, Omid Kalatpour, Abbas Moghimbeigi, Iraj Mohammadfam
BACKGROUND: High-risk unsafe behaviors (HRUBs) have been known as the main cause of occupational accidents. Considering the financial and societal costs of accidents and the limitations of available resources, there is an urgent need for managing unsafe behaviors at workplaces. The aim of the present study was to find strategies for decreasing the rate of HRUBs using an integrated approach of safety behavior sampling technique and Bayesian networks analysis. STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional study...
March 4, 2017: Journal of Research in Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413169/respiratory-effects-of-simultaneous-exposure-to-respirable-crystalline-silica-dust-formaldehyde-and-triethylamine-of-a-group-of-foundry-workers
#13
Fatemeh Zarei, Mansour Rezazadeh Azari, Sousan Salehpour, Soheila Khodakarim, Leila Omidi, Elahe Tavakol
BACKGROUND: Foundry workers are occupationally exposed to hazardous substances such as silica dusts and toxic gases. The aim of this study was to examine the effects of simultaneous exposure to complex mixtures of silica dust, formaldehyde, and triethylamine on lung function parameters. STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional study. METHODS: This study was conducted on 55 male workers of core making unit of a foundry plant (the case group) and 55 workers in a food industry were enrolled as a control group in 2015...
March 4, 2017: Journal of Research in Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413165/applying-multi-theory-model-mtm-of-health-behavior-change-to-predict-water-consumption-instead-of-sugar-sweetened-beverages
#14
Manoj Sharma, Hannah Priest Catalano, Vinayak K Nahar, Vimala C Lingam, Paul Johnson, M Allison Ford
BACKGROUND: A substantial proportion of college students to not drink enough water and consume sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs). Consumption of SSBs is associated with weight gain, obesity, type 2 diabetes mellitus, dental carries, and increased risk for cardiovascular disease. Hence, the purpose of this study was to use the multi-theory model (MTM) in predicting initiation and sustenance of plain water consumption instead of sugar-sweetened beverages among college students. STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional study...
February 25, 2017: Journal of Research in Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413164/resistance-economy-and-new-population-policy-in-iran
#15
Jalal Poorolajal
.
February 18, 2017: Journal of Research in Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413171/comparison-of-weibull-and-lognormal-cure-models-with-cox-in-the-survival-analysis-of-breast-cancer-patients-in-rafsanjan
#16
Mina Hoseini, Abbas Bahrampour, Moghaddameh Mirzaee
BACKGROUND: Breast cancer is the most common cancer after lung cancer and the second cause of death. In this study we compared Weibull and Lognormal Cure Models with Cox regression on the survival of breast cancer. STUDY DESIGN: A cohort study. METHODS: The current study retrospective cohort study was conducted on 140 patients referred to Ali Ibn Abitaleb Hospital, Rafsanjan southeastern Iran from 2001 to 2015 suffering from breast cancer...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Research in Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413166/health-literacy-scale-and-causal-model-of-childhood-overweight
#17
Ungsinun Intarakamhang, Patrawut Intarakamhang
BACKGROUND: WHO focuses on developing health literacy (HL) referring to cognitive and social skills. Our objectives were to develop a scale for evaluating the HL level of Thai childhood overweight, and develop a path model of health behavior (HB) for preventing obesity. STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional study. METHODS: This research used a mixed method. Overall, 2,000 school students were aged 9 to 14 yr collected by stratified random sampling from all parts of Thailand in 2014...
January 28, 2017: Journal of Research in Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087859/timeliness-the-authors-vested-right-but-the-editors-last-concern
#18
LETTER
Mostafa Rad, Abdolghader Assarroudi, Mohammad Reza Armat, Nematullah Shomoossi
.
2016: Journal of Research in Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087858/comment-on-economic-burden-of-thalassemia-major-in-iran-2015
#19
Satar Rezaei, Behzad Karami Matin, Mohammad Hajizadeh
.
2016: Journal of Research in Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087857/predictors-of-bone-mineral-density-among-asian-indians-in-northern-mississippi-a-pilot-study
#20
Vinayak K Nahar, Kyle M Nelson, M Allison Ford, Manoj Sharma, Martha A Bass, Mary A Haskins, John C Garner
BACKGROUND: Osteoporosis is a systemic skeletal disorder characterized by low bone mineral density (BMD) that leads to an increase in bone fragility, causing an individual to be at an increased risk for fractures. Asian-Indians are at an increased risk for developing osteoporosis. Considering the number of Asian-Indians in the US is rapidly growing, they likely could be an underappreciated population at risk for bone fractures. The aim of this study was to investigate bone health and determine the factors affecting BMD in Asian-Indians living in the US...
2016: Journal of Research in Health Sciences
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