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Journal of Research in Health Sciences

Mahbobeh Faramarzi, Mahla Cheraghi, Mohammad Zamani, Farzan Kheirkhah, Ali Bijani, Seyed Reza Hosseini
BACKGROUND: We aimed to determine the gender-specific predictors of depressive symptoms among an Iranian elderly community population. STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional study. METHODS: This study was performed on elderly subjects (aged ≥60 yr) who participated in the Amirkola Health and Aging Project, Amirkola, Babol, northern Iran in 2011-12. Depression was assessed by the Geriatric Depression Scale. Fourteen variables, including marital status, age, education, occupation, living alone, social support, dependency in daily activities, physical activity, smoking, body mass index, chronic pain, medicine use, comorbidities, and cognitive impairment, were analyzed as predictors of depression...
April 29, 2017: Journal of Research in Health Sciences
Jalal Poorolajal
April 17, 2017: Journal of Research in Health Sciences
Masomeh Rostami-Moez, Forouzan Rezapur-Shahkolai, Seyyed Mohammad-Mahdi Hazavehei, Manoochehr Karami, Akram Karimi-Shahanjarini, Farzad Nazem
BACKGROUND: Adolescents especially middle school girls do not follow 60 min of regular physical activity (RPA), recommended by WHO, and endure physical activity decline. Using theory-based interventional program, considering the age of decline in RPA, seems to be effective. The aim of this study was to determine the effects of educational program, based on PRECEDE and Trans-Theoretical models, on preventing decline in RPA and improving it among 7th grade girl students. STUDY DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial...
April 10, 2017: Journal of Research in Health Sciences
Beatriz Nistal-Nuño
BACKGROUND: In Chile, a new law introduced in March 2012 lowered the blood alcohol concentration (BAC) limit for impaired drivers from 0.1% to 0.08% and the BAC limit for driving under the influence of alcohol from 0.05% to 0.03%, but its effectiveness remains uncertain. The goal of this investigation was to evaluate the effects of this enactment on road traffic injuries and fatalities in Chile. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective cohort study. METHODS: Data were analyzed using a descriptive and a Generalized Linear Models approach, type of Poisson regression, to analyze deaths and injuries in a series of additive Log-Linear Models accounting for the effects of law implementation, month influence, a linear time trend and population exposure...
March 31, 2017: Journal of Research in Health Sciences
Amin Doosti-Irani, Hamid Mokhaeri, Ali Chegini Sharafi, Mohammad Reza Aghasadeghi, Morteza Hajimiragha, Mohammad Saki, Mohammad Hassan Kayedi, Ehsan Mostafavi
BACKGROUND: Homeless people are at a higher risk of blood-born infectious diseases. The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of HIV, HBV, HCV and related risk factors among male homeless people. STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional study. METHODS: This study was conducted in Khorramabad City, western Iran from January to June 2015. A pre-designed validated questionnaire was used to collect the data on behavioral and other potential risk factors...
March 11, 2017: Journal of Research in Health Sciences
Fakhradin Ghasemi, Omid Kalatpour, Abbas Moghimbeigi, Iraj Mohammadfam
BACKGROUND: High-risk unsafe behaviors (HRUBs) have been known as the main cause of occupational accidents. Considering the financial and societal costs of accidents and the limitations of available resources, there is an urgent need for managing unsafe behaviors at workplaces. The aim of the present study was to find strategies for decreasing the rate of HRUBs using an integrated approach of safety behavior sampling technique and Bayesian networks analysis. STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional study...
March 4, 2017: Journal of Research in Health Sciences
Fatemeh Zarei, Mansour Rezazadeh Azari, Sousan Salehpour, Soheila Khodakarim, Leila Omidi, Elahe Tavakol
BACKGROUND: Foundry workers are occupationally exposed to hazardous substances such as silica dusts and toxic gases. The aim of this study was to examine the effects of simultaneous exposure to complex mixtures of silica dust, formaldehyde, and triethylamine on lung function parameters. STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional study. METHODS: This study was conducted on 55 male workers of core making unit of a foundry plant (the case group) and 55 workers in a food industry were enrolled as a control group in 2015...
March 4, 2017: Journal of Research in Health Sciences
Manoj Sharma, Hannah Priest Catalano, Vinayak K Nahar, Vimala C Lingam, Paul Johnson, M Allison Ford
BACKGROUND: A substantial proportion of college students to not drink enough water and consume sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs). Consumption of SSBs is associated with weight gain, obesity, type 2 diabetes mellitus, dental carries, and increased risk for cardiovascular disease. Hence, the purpose of this study was to use the multi-theory model (MTM) in predicting initiation and sustenance of plain water consumption instead of sugar-sweetened beverages among college students. STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional study...
February 25, 2017: Journal of Research in Health Sciences
Jalal Poorolajal
February 18, 2017: Journal of Research in Health Sciences
Mina Hoseini, Abbas Bahrampour, Moghaddameh Mirzaee
BACKGROUND: Breast cancer is the most common cancer after lung cancer and the second cause of death. In this study we compared Weibull and Lognormal Cure Models with Cox regression on the survival of breast cancer. STUDY DESIGN: A cohort study. METHODS: The current study retrospective cohort study was conducted on 140 patients referred to Ali Ibn Abitaleb Hospital, Rafsanjan southeastern Iran from 2001 to 2015 suffering from breast cancer...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Research in Health Sciences
Ungsinun Intarakamhang, Patrawut Intarakamhang
BACKGROUND: WHO focuses on developing health literacy (HL) referring to cognitive and social skills. Our objectives were to develop a scale for evaluating the HL level of Thai childhood overweight, and develop a path model of health behavior (HB) for preventing obesity. STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional study. METHODS: This research used a mixed method. Overall, 2,000 school students were aged 9 to 14 yr collected by stratified random sampling from all parts of Thailand in 2014...
January 28, 2017: Journal of Research in Health Sciences
Mostafa Rad, Abdolghader Assarroudi, Mohammad Reza Armat, Nematullah Shomoossi
2016: Journal of Research in Health Sciences
Satar Rezaei, Behzad Karami Matin, Mohammad Hajizadeh
2016: Journal of Research in Health Sciences
Vinayak K Nahar, Kyle M Nelson, M Allison Ford, Manoj Sharma, Martha A Bass, Mary A Haskins, John C Garner
BACKGROUND: Osteoporosis is a systemic skeletal disorder characterized by low bone mineral density (BMD) that leads to an increase in bone fragility, causing an individual to be at an increased risk for fractures. Asian-Indians are at an increased risk for developing osteoporosis. Considering the number of Asian-Indians in the US is rapidly growing, they likely could be an underappreciated population at risk for bone fractures. The aim of this study was to investigate bone health and determine the factors affecting BMD in Asian-Indians living in the US...
2016: Journal of Research in Health Sciences
Tsheten Tsheten, Dorji Tshering, Kinley Gyem, Sangay Dorji, Sonam Wangchuk, Tenzin Tenzin, Lungten Norbu, Tshering Jamtsho
BACKGROUND: An outbreak investigation was carried out to determine the cause and confirm the source of food poisoning in Deptsang village for implementing prevention and control measures. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study for the outbreak investigation. Stool specimens were collected from cases to perform culture and antibiogram. The team also inspected the environment and hygiene practices in both the construction site and the entire community...
2016: Journal of Research in Health Sciences
Saeed Bashirian, Majid Barati, Younes Mohammadi, Hossein Mostafaei
BACKGROUND: As students' hookah use has become a widespread problem in the developing countries, it is time to understand the cognitive determinants of students' decisions to do so. This study aimed to investigate the roles of psychological and demographic factors associated with hookah use among male high school students. METHODS: This descriptive-analytical study was performed among 601 high school male students, recruited through multistage sampling method in the Kermanshah City, west of Iran in 2016...
2016: Journal of Research in Health Sciences
Mehdi Nosratabadi, Zohreh Halvaiepour
BACKGROUND: Military service is a crucial period in the lives of young people and during this period soldier facing with multiple psychosocial problems. OBJECTIVES: The present study aimed to explore structural analysis of the relationships between depression, drug abuse, social support and the risk of suicidal ideation among Military Medical University soldiers in Iran. METHODS: In the present correlational research, a sample of 176 soldiers, from three units, was selected using randomly stratified sampling...
2016: Journal of Research in Health Sciences
Vida Zaroushani, Ali Khavanin, Ahmad Jonidi Jafari, Seyed Bagher Mortazavi
BACKGROUND: Widespread use of X-band frequency (a part of the super high frequency microwave) in the various workplaces would contribute to occupational exposure with potential of adverse health effects.  According to limited study on microwave shielding for the workplace, this study tried to prepare a new microwave shielding for this purpose. METHODS: We used EI-403 epoxy thermosetting resin as a matrix and nickel oxide nanoparticle with the diameter of 15-35 nm as filler...
2016: Journal of Research in Health Sciences
Mahtab Azizi, Rostam Golmohammadi, Mohsen Aliabadi
BACKGROUND: Some characteristics of lighting sources such as color properties and ultraviolet emissions have important roles on visual and non-visual health effects of lighting. This study aimed to investigate the light emissions of some compact fluorescent lamps (CFLs) and incandescent lamps commercially available to the Iranian consumers. METHODS: Sixty lamps included 48 single envelope CFLs, and 12 incandescent lamps available in the electrical devices markets (in the west of Iran) were randomly selected from famous manufacturers between 2014 and 2015...
2016: Journal of Research in Health Sciences
Mohammad Hossein Taghdisi, Towhid Babazadeh, Fatemeh Moradi, Fariba Shariat
BACKGROUND: The importance of consuming fruits and vegetables (F&V) in prevention of chronic diseases is known. Childhood play an important role in formation of healthy eating habits. The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of education, with application of the theory of planned behavior, on improvement of F&V consumption. METHODS: In this quasi-experimental study, 184 fourth, fifth, and sixth-grade students participated were enrolled from Jan 2013 to Jun 2014...
2016: Journal of Research in Health Sciences
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