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Journal of Research in Health Sciences

Erfan Ayubi, Kamyar Mansori
2016: Journal of Research in Health Sciences
Marzie Farimani, Maryam Bahmanzadeh, Jalal Poorolajal
2016: Journal of Research in Health Sciences
Vinayak K Nahar, Amer Hosain, Manoj Sharma, Stephanie K Jacks, Robert T Brodell
2016: Journal of Research in Health Sciences
Meysam Olfatifar, Manoochehr Karami, Syed Mehdi Hosseini, Masoud Parvin
BACKGROUND: This study was conducted to detect clusters of pulmonary TB cases in Hamadan Province, west of Iran. METHODS: All patients with pulmonary tuberculosis recorded in the surveillance system from 2005 to 2013 were studied. The spatial scan statistic was used to detect significant clusters in status of unadjusted and adjusted for age, sex and location residence variables. RESULTS: Clusters with high rate for both purely spatial and space-time analyses were seen in the same geographical areas composed of four city of Asadabad, Bahar, Toyserkan and Nahavand...
2016: Journal of Research in Health Sciences
Sonali Bhattar, Prabhav Aggarwal, Satyendra Kumar Sahani, Preena Bhalla
BACKGROUND: HIV, syphilis, hepatitis B and C (HBV & HCV) infections modify the epidemiology and presentation of each other. This study aimed to estimate the seroprevalence of these infections and their co-infections in sexually transmitted infections (STI) clinic attendees in New Delhi, India. METHODS: A retrospective study including 220 patients was conducted during May 2014 through December 2014. Serodiagnosis of HIV was performed as per Strategy III of NACO guidelines; syphilis by VDRL followed by TPHA; HBV and HCV by rapid immuno-chromatographic test followed by ELISA...
2016: Journal of Research in Health Sciences
Mahdi Jalali, Mohammad Javad Zare Sakhvidi, Abdulrahman Bahrami, Nima Berijani, Hussein Mahjub
BACKGROUND: Silicosis is considered an oxidative stress related disease that can lead to the development of lung cancer. In this study, our purpose was to analysis of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in the exhaled breath of workers exposed to silica containing dust and compare peak area of these compounds with silicosis patients and healthy volunteers (smokers and nonsmokers) groups. METHODS: In this cross sectional case-control study, the exhaled breath of 69 subjects including workers exposed to silica (n=20), silicosis patient (n=4), healthy non-smoker (n=20) and healthy smoker (n=25) were analyzed...
2016: Journal of Research in Health Sciences
Hamid Tavakoli Ghouchani, Shamsedin Niknami, Farkhondeh Aminshokravi, Seyed Kaveh Hojjat
BACKGROUND: Understanding the motives and reasons for drug treatment is very important. This study aimed to develop a psychometric evaluation to determine the reasons for addiction treatment among outpatients referred to addiction treatment clinics. METHODS: This cross-sectional validation study included five phases (i) Item generation (ii) Making an initial questionnaire (iii) Content validity (iv) Reliability analysis and (v) Structure validity. Addiction treatment motivations were identified by reviewing literatures and interviews with 21 stakeholders...
2016: Journal of Research in Health Sciences
Salman Khazaei, Erfan Ayubi, Mohammad Ali Mansournia, Hossein Rafiemanesh
BACKGROUND: Investigation of tuberculosis (TB)-specific indices including prevalence of TB, mortality of TB cases excluding HIV, HIV/TB mortality, incidence of TB (all forms), HIV/TB incidence as well as case detection and related trends is a crucial step in evaluation of program performance and strategies success. Besides, estimating the number and time of change points for TB incidence can help to detect effective factors in TB control. Therefore, the current study aimed to determine the trend of aforementioned indices in Iran during a 25 yr period (1990 to 2014)...
2016: Journal of Research in Health Sciences
Hamidreza Heidari, Farideh Golbabaei, Aliakbar Shamsipour, Abbas Rahimi Forushani, Abbasali Gaeini
BACKGROUND: Heat stress evaluation and timely notification, especially using meteorological data is an important issue attracted attention in recent years. Therefore, this study aimed at answering the following research questions: 1) can enthalpy as a common environmental parameter reported by meteorological agencies be applied accurately for evaluation of thermal condition of outdoor settings, and 2) if so, what is it's the best criterion to detect areas in stress or stress-free situations, separately...
2016: Journal of Research in Health Sciences
Fatemeh Shobeiri, Seyedeh Zahra Masoumi, Azita Nikravesh, Rashid Heidari Moghadam, Manoochehr Karami
BACKGROUND: The women with breast cancer experience high rates of morbidity due to different treatments. The objective of this study was to evaluate the role of aerobic exercise in the quality of life (QoL) among women suffering from breast cancer in Hamadan, western Iran. METHODS: Participants who had consummated the eligibility criteria were randomly assigned in exercise group (n=30) and control group (n=30). Written informed consent was obtained from all participants...
2016: Journal of Research in Health Sciences
Rezvan Rafatjou, Zahra Razavi, Soudeh Tayebi, Maryam Khalili, Maryam Farhadian
BACKGROUND: There is disagreement on the effect of diabetes on oral hygiene. The purpose of this study was to assess the oral health and hygiene status of type 1 diabetic patient. METHODS: In this case control study, periodontal health and hygiene of 80 children and adolescents (5-18 yr of age) with type 1 diabetes mellitus referred to Pediatric Endocrine Clinic of Besat Hospital Hamadan Iran 2013 - 2014 and 80 non diabetic control subjects were clinically assessed...
2016: Journal of Research in Health Sciences
Alireza Noroozi, Ali Mirzazadeh, Ali Farhoudian, Ahmad Hajebi, Hamid Reza Khankeh, Peter Higgs, Hamid Sharifi, Bahram Armoon, Mehdi Noroozi
BACKGROUND: It is unclear whether knowing of current HIV status is associated with change in injecting behaviors among people who inject drugs (PWID) in Iran. The objective of the present study was to determine whether awareness of HIV positive status is associated with a reduction in injecting risk behaviors, after matching for socio-demographic characteristics. METHODS: Five hundred male PWID were recruited in 2014 from two drop-in centers (DICs) in Kermanshah west of Iran...
2016: Journal of Research in Health Sciences
Firooz Esmaeilzadeh, Azita Azarkeivan, Sara Emamgholipour, Ali Akbari Sari, Mehdi Yaseri, Batoul Ahmadi, Mohtasham Ghaffari
BACKGROUND: Major Thalassemia is an autosomal recessive disease with complications, mortality and serious pathology. Today, the life expectancy of patients with major thalassemia has increased along with therapeutic advances. Therefore, they need lifelong care, and caring for them would incur many costs. Being aware of the patients' costs can be effective for controlling and managing the costs and providing efficient treatments for the care of patients. Hence, this study was conducted to estimate the economic burden of the patients with major thalassemia...
2016: Journal of Research in Health Sciences
Sara Geravandi, Mohsen Pakdaman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Journal of Research in Health Sciences
Roohalah Hajizadeh, Farideh Golbabaei, Somayeh Farhang Dehghan, Mohammad Hossein Beheshti, Sayed Mohammad Jafari, Fereshteh Taheri
BACKGROUND: Necessity of evaluating heat stress in the workplace, require validation of indices and selection optimal index. The present study aimed to assess the precision and validity of some heat stress indices and select the optimum index for using in heavy work activities in hot and dry climates. METHODS: It carried out on 184 workers from 40 brick kilns workshops in the city of Qom, central Iran (as representative hot and dry climates). After reviewing the working process and evaluation the activity of workers and the type of work, environmental and physiological parameters according to standards recommended by International Organization for Standardization (ISO) including ISO 7243 and ISO 9886 were measured and indices were calculated...
2016: Journal of Research in Health Sciences
Mohammad Khandan, Majid Nili, Alireza Koohpaei, Saeedeh Mosaferchi
BACKGROUND: Nowadays, the health work decision makers need to analyze a huge amount of data and consider many conflicting evaluation criteria and sub-criteria. Therefore, an ergonomic evaluation in the work environment in order to the control occupational disorders is considered as the Multi Criteria Decision Making (MCDM) problem. In this study, the ergonomic risks factors, which may influence health, were evaluated in a manufacturing company in 2014. Then entropy method was applied to prioritize the different risk factors...
2016: Journal of Research in Health Sciences
Ali Karimi, Samira Eslamizad, Maryam Mostafaee, Zahra Momeni, Fateme Ziafati, Shokoofe Mohammadi
BACKGROUND: According to the growth of photocopier usage in workplaces, the potential risk of occupational exposure to the airborne chemicals has been raised up. Hence, monitoring the photocopy worker's respiratory functions seems to be necessary. We aimed to evaluate the respiratory health on photocopy and printing workers so that a reliable description can be made about their occupational hygiene. METHODS: This study was performed in Shiraz, southwest Iran in 2014 and a group of 150 photocopy and printing workers were surveyed as exposed group in addition to a group of 114 office staff as unexposed group...
2016: Journal of Research in Health Sciences
Najmeh Tavakol, Soleiman Kheiri, Morteza Sedehi
BACKGROUND: Time to donating blood plays a major role in a regular donor to becoming continues one. The aim of this study was to determine the effective factors on the interval between the blood donations. METHODS: In a longitudinal study in 2008, 864 samples of first-time donors in Shahrekord Blood Transfusion Center,  capital city of Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari Province, Iran were selected by a systematic sampling and were followed up for five years. Among these samples, a subset of 424 donors who had at least two successful blood donations were chosen for this study and the time intervals between their donations were measured as response variable...
2016: Journal of Research in Health Sciences
Azar Pirdehghan, Nafise Poortalebi
BACKGROUND: Despite the effectiveness of drug therapy in diabetes management high rates of poor adherence persist. The purpose of this study was to determine the factors influencing the medication adherence and dietary regiment in type2 diabetic patients. METHODS: This cross sectional study was conducted on 300 type2 diabetic patients referred to General Internal Medicine Clinic, Yazd Shohdaye Kargar Hospital,Yazd City, central Iran between September and December 2013...
2016: Journal of Research in Health Sciences
Hassan Bazmamoun, Mandana Rafeey, Maryam Nikpouri, Robabeh Ghergherehchi
BACKGROUND: Helicobacter pylori infection is one of the most common chronic bacterial infections. There is challenge on the real rate of prevalence of H. pylori in diabetic patients. This study was done to assess the prevalence of H. pylori infection in children suffering from type 1 insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus. METHODS: In this case-control study, 80 diabetic patients (as the target group) refer to the Endocrinology Clinic of Tabriz Educational and Treatment Center, Tabriz northwestern Iran and 80 non-diabetic patients (as the control group) from the group of children referring to the GI Clinic of the same center  were enrolled in 2012 and 2013...
2016: Journal of Research in Health Sciences
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