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Journal of Research in Health Sciences

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784897/effect-of-alcohol-use-on-injection-and-sexual-behavior-among-people-who-inject-drugs-in-tehran-iran-a-coarsened-exact-matching-approach
#1
Mehdi Noroozi, Brandon D L Marshall, Alireza Noroozi, Bahram Armoon, Hamid Sharifi, Mostafa Qorbani, Mohammad Abbasi, Mohammad Rafi Bazrafshan
BACKGROUND: Many studies have recognized the importance of sexual and injection risk behaviors in HIV transmission among people who inject drugs (PWID). We aimed to examine effect of alcohol use on sexual and injection risky behavior using coarsened exact matching (CEM) approach among PWID in Tehran, Iran. STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional study. METHODS: This study was conducted from Mar to Aug 2016 in Tehran, Iran. PWID were recruited by a convenience and snowball sampling from five of Drop-in Centers (DICs) in Tehran...
May 19, 2018: Journal of Research in Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784896/measuring-and-explaining-socioeconomic-inequalities-in-public-healthcare-utilization-in-western-iran-evidence-from-a-cross-sectional-survey
#2
Shahab Rezaeian, Mohammad Hajizadeh, Satar Rezaei, Sina Ahmadi, Ali Kazemi Karyani, Yahya Salimi
BACKGROUND: Equity in healthcare utilization is a major health policy goal in all healthcare systems. This study aimed to examine socioeconomic inequalities in public healthcare utilization in Kermanshah City, western Iran. STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional study. METHODS: Using convenience sampling method, 2040 adult aged 18-65 yr were enrolled from Kermanshah City in 2017. A self-administrated questionnaire was used to collect data on socio-demographic characteristics, socioeconomic status, behavioral factors, and utilization of public healthcare services (inpatient and outpatient care) over the period between from May to Aug 2017...
May 14, 2018: Journal of Research in Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784895/bullying-among-tunisian-middle-school-students-the-prevalence-psychosocial-associated-factors-and-perceived-involvement-of-parents-teachers-and-classmates
#3
Jihene Sahli, Menel Mellouli, Meriam El Ghardallou, Manel Limam, Mouna Gallas, Asma Ammar, Ali Mtiraoui, Thouraya Nebli Ajmi, Chekib Zedini
BACKGROUND: Bullying is a serious public health concern remarkably common among youth. Involvement in bullying can lead to deleterious effect on the emotional well-being of pupils. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of bullying, its psychosocial associated factors and the perceived involvement of parents, teachers, and classmates to counteract this behavior. STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional study. METHODS: We conducted this study in 2015 among a representative multistage sample of 1584 students enrolled in middle schools in the Region of Sousse using the revised Olweus Bully/Victim Questionnaire...
May 5, 2018: Journal of Research in Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784894/self-reported-and-network-scale-up-estimates-of-substance-use-prevalence-among-university-students-in-kerman-iran
#4
Razieh Zahedi, Alireza Noroozi, Ahmad Hajebi, Ali Akbar Haghdoost, Mohammad Reza Baneshi, Hamid Sharifi, Ali Mirzazadeh
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to estimate the prevalence of substance use among university students measured by direct and indirect methods, and to calculate the visibility factor (VF) defined as ratio of indirect to direct estimates of substance use prevalence. STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional study. METHODS: Using a multistage non-random sampling approach, we recruited 2157 students from three universities in Kerman, Iran, in 2016. We collected data on substance use by individual face-to-face interview using direct (i...
April 30, 2018: Journal of Research in Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784893/a-comparison-between-decision-tree-and-random-forest-in-determining-the-risk-factors-associated-with-type-2-diabetes
#5
Habibollah Esmaily, Maryam Tayefi, Hassan Doosti, Majid Ghayour-Mobarhan, Hossein Nezami, Alireza Amirabadizadeh
BACKGROUND: We aimed to identify the associated risk factors of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) using data mining approach, decision tree and random forest techniques using the Mashhad Stroke and Heart Atherosclerotic Disorders (MASHAD) Study program. STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional study. METHODS: The MASHAD study started in 2010 and will continue until 2020. Two data mining tools, namely decision trees, and random forests, are used for predicting T2DM when some other characteristics are observed on 9528 subjects recruited from MASHAD database...
April 24, 2018: Journal of Research in Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784892/food-insecurity-and-primary-school-girl-students-intelligence-quotients-a-case-control-study
#6
Ahmad Reza Dorosty Motlagh, Peivasteh Safarpour, Milad Daneshi Maskooni, Mostafa Hosseini, Farzaneh Ranjbar Noshari
BACKGROUND: Food insecurity (FI) refers to the lack of sufficient and safe availability of the food. Accumulating studies have suggested associations between dietary intake and Intelligence quotient (IQ). Accordingly, we aimed to examine the association between FI and IQ. STUDY DESIGN: Case-control study. METHODS: In this case-control study, 222 girl students aged 9 to 11 years old were randomly chosen from Bandar-Anzali, Iran in 2013. Students with low and moderate IQ were considered as case (n=111) and control (n=111) group, respectively...
April 15, 2018: Journal of Research in Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784891/predicting-physical-activity-behavior-in-african-american-females-using-multi-theory-model
#7
Traci Hayes, Vinayak K Nahar, Manoj Sharma
BACKGROUND: Despite physical activity having several benefits, a considerable number of Americans do not engage in sufficient exercise. Among the high-risk groups are African American women. A recent theory, multi theory model (MTM) for health behavior change can be used to develop effective interventions. The objective of this research was to test MTM in its ability to predict physical activity behavior in African American women. STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional study...
April 12, 2018: Journal of Research in Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784890/assessment-of-the-efficacy-of-physical-activity-level-and-lifestyle-behavior-interventions-applying-social-cognitive-theory-for-overweight-and-obese-girl-adolescents
#8
Mohammad Bagherniya, Firoozeh Mostafavi Darani, Manoj Sharma, Mohammad Reza Maracy, Ramesh Allipour Birgani, Golnaz Ranjbar, Ali Taghipour, Mohammad Safraian, Seyed Ali Keshavarz
BACKGROUND: Childhood obesity has become a global epidemic and physical inactivity and considered as one of the most important contributing factors. We aimed to evaluate a school-based physical activity intervention using social cognitive theory (SCT) to increase physical activity behavior in order to prevent obesity among overweight and obese adolescent girls. STUDY DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial study. METHODS: A seven-month randomized controlled trial based on SCT was implemented with 172 overweight and obese girl students (87 in intervention and 85 in control group), with the presence of their parents and teachers...
April 7, 2018: Journal of Research in Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777094/biological-monitoring-and-lung-function-assessment-among-workers-exposed-to-chromium-in-the-ceramic-industry
#9
Fatemeh Kargar Shouroki, Seyed Jamaleddin Shahtaheri, Farideh Golbabaei, Abolfazle Barkhordari, Abbas Rahimi-Froushani
BACKGROUND: Chromium exposure occurs in various industries such as ceramics industry. The main disadvantage of chromium is high toxicity when absorbed by the body. This study aimed to determine and compare urinary chromium values in the pre- and post-shift of ceramic glazers and the control group; investigate urinary chromium value according to the study variables; compare pulmonary function tests between ceramic glazers vs. the control group. STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional study...
March 19, 2018: Journal of Research in Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777093/estimating-child-mortality-rate-and-its-trend-in-hamadan-province-western-iran-from-1990-to-2016-implications-for-sustainable-development-goal
#10
Younes Mohammadi, Rashid Heidarimoghadam, Bistoon Hosseini, Mohammad Babamiri, Azita Nikravesh, Masoumeh Javaheri, Babak Moeini
BACKGROUND: Child mortality is one of the major health indices and the main targets in sustainable development goals. This study aimed to estimate child mortality rate and assess the progress toward sustainable development goals in Hamadan Province, western Iran and its districts from 1990 to 2016. STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional study. METHODS: We used two data sources including death registration system (DRS) and summary birth history data (SBH) of 2010 census for estimating child mortality rate...
March 7, 2018: Journal of Research in Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777092/seroprevalence-of-brucellosis-in-butchers-veterinarians-and-slaughterhouse-workers-in-hamadan-western-iran
#11
Mojgan Mamani, Mohammad Mehdi Majzoobi, Fariba Keramat, Nesa Varmaghani, Abbas Moghimbeigi
BACKGROUND: Brucellosis is a zoonotic disease caused by Brucella species via infected domestic animals. In endemic areas, certain occupations such as veterinarians, butchers, and slaughterhouse workers are considered high risk regarding brucellosis. We evaluated the seroprevalence of brucellosis in high-risk occupations in Hamadan, West of Iran. STUDY DESIGN: a cross-sectional study. METHODS: Overall, 218 participants from 2014 to 2015 were enrolled...
February 10, 2018: Journal of Research in Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445051/socioeconomic-inequalities-in-poor-health-related-quality-of-life-in-kermanshah-western-iran-a-decomposition-analysis
#12
Satar Rezaei, Mohammad Hajizadeh, Masoud Khosravipour, Farid Khosravi, Shahab Rezaeian
BACKGROUND: Socioeconomic status (SES) is an important determinant of health-related quality of life (HRQoL). We aimed to quantify socioeconomic-related inequality in poor-HRQoL among adults in Kermanshah, western Iran. STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional study. METHODS: Overall, 1730 adults (18-65 yr) were selected using convenience sampling from Kermanshah, Iran. A self-administrated questionnaire was used to collect data on socio-demographic characteristics, SES, lifestyle factors and HRQoL of participants over the period between May and Aug 2017...
January 27, 2018: Journal of Research in Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445050/has-the-financial-protection-been-materialized-in-iranian-health-system-analyzing-household-income-and-expenditure-survey-2003-2014
#13
Hesam Ghiasvand, Alireza Olyaeemanesh, Reza Majdzadeh, Zhaleh Abdi, Mohammadreza Mobinizadeh
BACKGROUND: The financial protection against catastrophic and impoverishing health expenditures is one of the main aspects of the universal health coverage. This study aimed to present a clear picture of the financial protection situation in Iran from 2003-2014. STUDY DESIGN: This is an analytical study on secondary data of Statistical Center of Iran (SCI). The study has some policy implications for policy makers; therefore, it is an applied one. METHODS: Data related to the Iranian rural and urban household payments on health expenditures was obtained from annual surveys of the SCI...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Research in Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445049/prevalence-and-predictors-of-internet-addiction-among-college-students-in-sousse-tunisia
#14
Menel Mellouli, Nawel Zammit, Manel Limam, Meriam Elghardallou, Ali Mtiraoui, Thouraya Ajmi, Chekib Zedini
BACKGROUND: Internet represents a revolution in the world of technology and communication all over the world including Tunisia. However, this technology has also introduced problematic use, especially among students. The current study aimed to determine the prevalence of Internet addiction among college students and its predictors in the region of Sousse, Tunisia. STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional study. METHODS: The current study was conducted in the colleges of Sousse, Tunisia in 2012-2013...
January 2, 2018: Journal of Research in Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445048/impact-of-body-mass-index-on-arterial-stiffness-in-young-prehypertensives-a-cross-sectional-study
#15
Velusami Deepika, R Vijayakumar
BACKGROUND: Obesity and hypertension pose a big threat to public health. Targeting the prehypertension stage to evaluate the vascular damage due to obesity can help us to plan early interventions. STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional study. METHODS: This study  as a part of the medical heath checkup program was conducted by the Medical College in Puducherry, India on all medical students of age group 18-25 years. Blood pressure (BP) recordings and body mass index (BMI) were classified into following four groups: Group1: Normotensives with normal BMI (n=109); Group 2: Normotensives with higher BMI (n=89); Group 3: Prehypertensive subjects with normal BMI (n=50); and Group 4: Prehypertensive subjects with higher BMI (n=99)...
December 27, 2017: Journal of Research in Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445047/association-of-smoking-with-general-and-abdominal-obesity-evidence-from-a-cohort-study-in-west-of-iran
#16
Satar Rezaei, Mohammad Hajizadeh, Yahya Pasdar, Behrooz Hamzeh, Mehdi Moradinazar, Farid Najafi
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to examine the association between smoking and obesity among adults in Kermanshah Province, west of Iran. STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional study. METHODS: A total of 8822 participants, aged 35-65 yr, form Ravansar Non-communicable Disease (RaNCD) cohort study (2014-2016) were enrolled. Smoking habits were categorized in terms of smoking status (current, former and never smokers) and smoking intensity (light, moderate and heavy)...
December 3, 2017: Journal of Research in Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233954/the-effect-of-a-theory-of-planned-behavior-based-educational-intervention-on-sexual-and-reproductive-health-in-iranian-adolescent-girls-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#17
Fatemeh Darabi, Mehdi Yaseri, Mohammad Hossein Kaveh, Farideh Khalajabadi Farahani, Fereshteh Majlessi, Davoud Shojaeizadeh
BACKGROUND: We aimed to assess the effect of a theory of planned behavior (TPB)-based educational intervention on attitude, norms, parental control, behavioral control, and intention in high school girls in Tehran, Iran. STUDY DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. METHODS: This study was conducted among 578 high school girls, 12 to 16 yr, in Tehran, Iran in 2016. The subjects were randomly assigned to the experimental (n=289) and control (n=289) groups using multistage random cluster sampling...
November 28, 2017: Journal of Research in Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233950/should-lifestyles-be-a-criterion-for-healthcare-rationing-evidence-from-a-portuguese-survey
#18
Ana Pinto Borges, Micaela Pinho
BACKGROUND: We evaluated whether different personal responsibilities should influence the allocation healthcare resources and whether attitudes toward the penalization of risk behaviours vary among individual's sociodemographic characteristics and health related habits. STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional study. METHODS: We developed an online survey and made it available on various social networks for six months, during 2015. The sample covered the population aged 18 yr and older living in Portugal and we got 296 valid answers...
November 18, 2017: Journal of Research in Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233953/clustering-and-combining-pattern-of-high-risk-behaviors-among-iranian-university-students-a-latent-class-analysis
#19
Sima Afrashteh, Haleh Ghaem, Abbas Abbasi-Ghahramanloo, Hamid Reaz Tabatabaee
BACKGROUND: High-risk behaviors are increasing among young adults worldwide. We aimed to identify university students' subgroups on the basis of high-risk behaviors and to assess the role of age, living alone, religious beliefs, and parental support in the membership of specific subgroups. STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional study METHODS: The study was conducted in Bushehr (south of Iran) from November to December 2016. The sample included 977 university students selected through random sampling...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Research in Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233951/exposure-assessment-biological-monitoring-and-liver-function-tests-of-operating-room-personnel-exposed-to-halothane-in-hamedan-hospitals-west-of-iran
#20
Mohammad Hossien Bakhshaei, Abdorrahman Bahrami, Amin Mirzakhani, Hossien Mahjub, Mohammad Javad Assari
BACKGROUND: Occupational exposure to halogenated hydrocarbons has been associated with halothane hepatitis, an increase of liver enzymes, and congenital malformations. The objectives of this study were to investigate whether bromide, a urinary metabolite of halothane, could be used as a biological marker of exposure to this anesthetic gas and assessment of associated exposure to halothane with any significant changes in conventional parameters of liver function (serum aminotransferase activities)...
November 4, 2017: Journal of Research in Health Sciences
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