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Journal of Research in Health Sciences

Satar Rezaei, Mohammad Hajizadeh, Masoud Khosravipour, Farid Khosravi, Shahab Rezaeian
BACKGROUND: Socioeconomic status (SES) is an important determinant of health-related quality of life (HRQoL). We aimed to quantify socioeconomic-related inequality in poor-HRQoL among adults in Kermanshah, western Iran. STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional study. METHODS: Overall, 1730 adults (18-65 yr) were selected using convenience sampling from Kermanshah, Iran. A self-administrated questionnaire was used to collect data on socio-demographic characteristics, SES, lifestyle factors and HRQoL of participants over the period between May and Aug 2017...
January 27, 2018: Journal of Research in Health Sciences
Hesam Ghiasvand, Alireza Olyaeemanesh, Reza Majdzadeh, Zhaleh Abdi, Mohammadreza Mobinizadeh
BACKGROUND: The financial protection against catastrophic and impoverishing health expenditures is one of the main aspects of the universal health coverage. This study aimed to present a clear picture of the financial protection situation in Iran from 2003-2014. STUDY DESIGN: This is an analytical study on secondary data of Statistical Center of Iran (SCI). The study has some policy implications for policy makers; therefore, it is an applied one. METHODS: Data related to the Iranian rural and urban household payments on health expenditures was obtained from annual surveys of the SCI...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Research in Health Sciences
Menel Mellouli, Nawel Zammit, Manel Limam, Meriam Elghardallou, Ali Mtiraoui, Thouraya Ajmi, Chekib Zedini
BACKGROUND: Internet represents a revolution in the world of technology and communication all over the world including Tunisia. However, this technology has also introduced problematic use, especially among students. The current study aimed to determine the prevalence of Internet addiction among college students and its predictors in the region of Sousse, Tunisia. STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional study. METHODS: The current study was conducted in the colleges of Sousse, Tunisia in 2012-2013...
January 2, 2018: Journal of Research in Health Sciences
Velusami Deepika, R Vijayakumar
BACKGROUND: Obesity and hypertension pose a big threat to public health. Targeting the prehypertension stage to evaluate the vascular damage due to obesity can help us to plan early interventions. STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional study. METHODS: This study as a part of the medical heath checkup program was conducted by the Medical College in Puducherry, India on all medical students of age group 18-25 years. Blood pressure (BP) recordings and body mass index (BMI) were classified into following four groups: Group1: Normotensives with normal BMI (n=109); Group 2: Normotensives with higher BMI (n=89); Group 3: Prehypertensive subjects with normal BMI (n=50); and Group 4: Prehypertensive subjects with higher BMI (n=99)...
December 27, 2017: Journal of Research in Health Sciences
Satar Rezaei, Mohammad Hajizadeh, Yahya Pasdar, Behrooz Hamzeh, Mehdi Moradinazar, Farid Najafi
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to examine the association between smoking and obesity among adults in Kermanshah Province, west of Iran. STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional study. METHODS: A total of 8822 participants, aged 35-65 yr, form Ravansar Non-communicable Disease (RaNCD) cohort study (2014-2016) were enrolled. Smoking habits were categorized in terms of smoking status (current, former and never smokers) and smoking intensity (light, moderate and heavy)...
December 3, 2017: Journal of Research in Health Sciences
Fatemeh Darabi, Mehdi Yaseri, Mohammad Hossein Kaveh, Farideh Khalajabadi Farahani, Fereshteh Majlessi, Davoud Shojaeizadeh
BACKGROUND: We aimed to assess the effect of a theory of planned behavior (TPB)-based educational intervention on attitude, norms, parental control, behavioral control, and intention in high school girls in Tehran, Iran. STUDY DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. METHODS: This study was conducted among 578 high school girls, 12 to 16 yr, in Tehran, Iran in 2016. The subjects were randomly assigned to the experimental (n=289) and control (n=289) groups using multistage random cluster sampling...
November 28, 2017: Journal of Research in Health Sciences
Ana Pinto Borges, Micaela Pinho
BACKGROUND: We evaluated whether different personal responsibilities should influence the allocation healthcare resources and whether attitudes toward the penalization of risk behaviours vary among individual's sociodemographic characteristics and health related habits. STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional study. METHODS: We developed an online survey and made it available on various social networks for six months, during 2015. The sample covered the population aged 18 yr and older living in Portugal and we got 296 valid answers...
November 18, 2017: Journal of Research in Health Sciences
Sima Afrashteh, Haleh Ghaem, Abbas Abbasi-Ghahramanloo, Hamid Reaz Tabatabaee
BACKGROUND: High-risk behaviors are increasing among young adults worldwide. We aimed to identify university students' subgroups on the basis of high-risk behaviors and to assess the role of age, living alone, religious beliefs, and parental support in the membership of specific subgroups. STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional study METHODS: The study was conducted in Bushehr (south of Iran) from November to December 2016. The sample included 977 university students selected through random sampling...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Research in Health Sciences
Mohammad Hossien Bakhshaei, Abdorrahman Bahrami, Amin Mirzakhani, Hossien Mahjub, Mohammad Javad Assari
BACKGROUND: Occupational exposure to halogenated hydrocarbons has been associated with halothane hepatitis, an increase of liver enzymes, and congenital malformations. The objectives of this study were to investigate whether bromide, a urinary metabolite of halothane, could be used as a biological marker of exposure to this anesthetic gas and assessment of associated exposure to halothane with any significant changes in conventional parameters of liver function (serum aminotransferase activities)...
November 4, 2017: Journal of Research in Health Sciences
Seyed Mohammad Sadegh Ghoreishi, Fatemeh Shahbazi, Seyed Davood Mirtorabi, Mohammad Reza Ghadirzadeh, Seyed Saeed Hashemi Nazari
BACKGROUND: The estimate of mortality associated with illicit opiate use provides useful information to those directing and monitoring local, national and international policies and programs. This study investigated the epidemiology of mortality due to the illegal consumption of narcotics and psychotropic substances in the Iran to provide evidence-based public health data for useful programs and actions aimed at preventing drug-related mortality. STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional study...
October 14, 2017: Journal of Research in Health Sciences
Mohammad Forat-Yazdi, Mohammadali Jafari, Saeed Kargar, Seyed Mojtaba Abolbaghaei, Rezvan Nasiri, Soudabeh Farahnak, Elnaz Foroughi, Hossein Neamatzadeh
BACKGROUND: The Arg213His (rs9282861) polymorphism of Sulfotransferase Family 1A Member 1 (SULT1A1) gene has been associated with risk of breast cancer in some epidemiological studies. Therefore, this systematic review and meta-analysis was conducted to evaluate the association of SULT1A1 Arg213His (rs9282861) polymorphism with susceptibility to breast cancer. STUDY DESIGN: A systematic review and meta-analysis. METHODS: A comprehensive literature search for eligible studies was conducted in PubMed, Elsevier, Science Direct, Scopus and Google Scholar databases up to Oct 5, 2017...
October 14, 2017: Journal of Research in Health Sciences
Reza Omani-Samani, Maryam Mohammadi, Amir Almasi-Hashiani, Saman Maroufizadeh
BACKGROUND: Socioeconomic status (SES) is linked to a wide range of maternity services including Cesarean section (CS). The objective of this study was to determine the rate of CS and to examine the effect of SES on CS rate. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. METHODS: This study included 4308 pregnant women who gave singleton birth in Tehran, Iran in July 2015. To evaluate the effect of SES on CS, logistic regression model was used after adjusting for others variables...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Research in Health Sciences
Razieh Kamali Jamil, Mohammad Shayestehour, Zohreh-Azita Sadigh, Mohammad Taqavian, Mohammad-Kazem Shahkarami, Fatemeh Esna-Ashari, Reza Shahbazi, Ashraf Mohammadi, Abolhassan Foroughi, Bizhan Romani
BACKGROUND: Chemical stabilizers are added to live attenuated vaccines for enhancing the virus stability. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of various stabilizers on preserving immunogenicity of lyophilized mumps vaccines. STUDY DESIGN: An experimental study. METHODS: Three mumps vaccines with different formulations were inoculated to three groups of Guinea pigs. Sterile water was injected to eight Guinea pigs as a control group...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Research in Health Sciences
Shima Haghani, Morteza Sedehi, Soleiman Kheiri
BACKGROUND: Traditional statistical models often are based on certain presuppositions and limitations that may not presence in actual data and lead to turbulence in estimation or prediction. In these situations, artificial neural networks (ANNs) could be suitable alternative rather than classical statistical methods. STUDY DESIGN:  A prospective cohort study. METHODS: The study was conducted in Shahrekord Blood Transfusion Center, Shahrekord, central Iran, on blood donors from 2008-2009...
September 2, 2017: Journal of Research in Health Sciences
Ghobad Moradi, Farideh Mostafavi, Namamali Azadi, Nader Esmaeilnasab, Ebrahim Ghaderi
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to assess the socioeconomic inequalities in obesity and overweight in children aged 10 to 12 yr old. STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional study. METHODS: This study was conducted on 2506 children aged 10 to 12 yr old in the city of Sanandaj, western Iran in 2015. Body mass index (BMI) was calculated. Considering household situation and assets, socioeconomic status (SES) of the subjects was determined using Principal Component Analysis (PCA)...
August 15, 2017: Journal of Research in Health Sciences
Chakkraphan Phetphum, Artittaya Wangwonsin, Narongsak Noosorn
BACKGROUND: Thailand is one of the members of WHO FCTC and has paid so much attention to preventing adolescents' access to tobacco. However, Thai adolescents still have access to tobacco with ease. The aim of this research was to investigate the predicting factors for the cigarettes sale to adolescents by the retailers in Thailand. STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional study. METHODS: This cross sectional survey was conducted after a careful desk review of the relevant literature...
August 14, 2017: Journal of Research in Health Sciences
Moghaddameh Mirzaee, Yunes Jahani, Hamid Sharifi
BACKGROUND: The use of condoms is important for preventing Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs). However, the prevalence of condom use is not satisfactory. The aim of this study was to assess the reasons for inconsistent condom use in Iranian adults. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. METHODS: Data were gathered through multi-stage sampling. Participants were enrolled from 13 provinces in Iran aged between 19 and 29 years. They had ever-extramarital sex and did not use condoms regularly in their sexual contacts, asked the reasons for inconsistent condom use...
August 10, 2017: Journal of Research in Health Sciences
Forod Azhdar, Nader Esmaeilnasab, Ghobad Moradi, Daem Roshani, Ebrahim Ghaderi, Bijan Nori
BACKGROUND: Drug abuse, particularly intravenous drug use, is one of the most common challenges in human communities so that its negative impact on economic and cultural conditions of society and physical as well as mental health of individuals is evident. We aimed to estimate the IDUs' population in Kermanshah City, West of Iran using Capture-recapture method. STUDY DESIGN: A Cross-sectional study. METHODS: The data in this study were collected from three different sources: Drop in Centers (DICs), Out Reach Teams (ORTs) and Methadone Maintenance Treatment centers (MMTs) in Kermanshah City from Mar 2015 until Mar 2016, and then indirect Capture-recapture was used to estimate the IDUs' population...
August 7, 2017: Journal of Research in Health Sciences
Manoochehr Karami, Seyed Mohsen Zahraei, Azam Sabouri, Rambod Soltanshahi, Azam Biderafsh, Naser Piri, Jong-Koo Lee
BACKGROUND: Documentation of achieving the goal of measles elimination to justify to international organizations including the WHO is a priority for public health authorities. This study aimed to address the status of Iran in the achievement of the measles elimination goal from 2012-2014. STUDY DESIGN: A descriptive study METHODS: Data on the measles outbreaks were extracted from the national notifiable measles surveillance system in Iran from 2012 to 2014. The required documents regarding the achievement of measles elimination, including Effective Reproduction Number (R) and the distribution of outbreak size, was addressed...
August 5, 2017: Journal of Research in Health Sciences
Bhikhari Prasad Tharu, Chris P Tsokos
BACKGROUND: Cholesterol level (CL) is growing concerned as health issue in human health since it is considered one of the causes in heart diseases. A study of cholesterol level can provide insight about its nature and characteristics. STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional study. METHODS: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANS) II was conducted on a probability sample of approximately 28,000 persons in the USA and cholesterol level is obtained from laboratory results...
July 25, 2017: Journal of Research in Health Sciences
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