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Journal of Research in Health Sciences

Manoochehr Karami, Saeid Yazdi-Ravandi, Ali Ghaleiha, Meysam Olfatifar
BACKGROUND: Suicide behaviors are complex and multifactorial problems that in the most of the societies are considered as the public health challenge. However, its underlying reasons and spatial pattern remain unclear in Hamadan Province, western Iran. STUDY DESIGN: Secondary analysis of existing data. METHODS: We assessed the spatial pattern pre-city regarding some influencing factors by scan-statistics and logistic regression to detect clusters areas and its comparison with other areas for the period of 2016-2017...
August 20, 2018: Journal of Research in Health Sciences
Sajad Vahedi, Aziz Rezapour, Abolfazl Mohammadbeigi, Ardeshir Khosravi
BACKGROUND: One of important goals of any health system is to reduce healthcare inequalities in its jurisdiction. We aimed to track economic inequality in outpatient health care utilization after the healthcare transformation plan in Iran. STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional study. METHODS: The data obtained from the Iranian healthcare utilization household survey conducted in 2015. The inequality in health care utilization was assessed through concentrating index, concentration curve, and odds ratio...
August 20, 2018: Journal of Research in Health Sciences
Hamid Reza Tabatabaee, Abbas Rezaianzadeh, Mehdi Jamshidi
BACKGROUND: Adolescence obesity has now become an epidemic. In recent years, Internet addiction has been identified as a risk factor for obesity. We aimed to evaluate the role of some mediators such as sleep quality, physical activity and fast food consumption in the relation between internet addiction and Body Mass Index (BMI) among adolescents. STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional study. METHODS: Overall, 928 students, aged between 13 and 17 yr, were randomly selected in Behbahan, southwestern Iran from Oct 2017 to Dec 2017...
August 18, 2018: Journal of Research in Health Sciences
Manoochehr Karami
August 18, 2018: Journal of Research in Health Sciences
Elham Azizi, Shiva Borzouei, Ali Reza Soltanian
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is increasing in Iran. This study determined the prevalence of undiagnosed type 2 diabetes mellitus in apparently normal individuals in Hamadan, west of Iran. STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional study. METHODS: A sample of 106 apparently normal volunteers aged 18 yr and more were enrolled, and T2DM was diagnosed using hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) levels from 2015-2016. The nonparametric bootstrap method was used to eliminate the undesirable effect of small sample size on the estimation of standard error of multiple logistic regression coefficients and confidence interval for the prevalence of undiagnosed T2DM...
August 11, 2018: Journal of Research in Health Sciences
Kowit Nambunmee, Muneko Nishijo, Witaya Swaddiwudhipong, Werawan Ruangyuttikarn
BACKGROUND: Paddy fields in the Mae Sot, Tak Province of Thailand are polluted with unsafe levels of cadmium (Cd). Elderly populations have a high Cd body burden, putting them at elevated risk of renal dysfunction and bone fractures. We aimed to compare bone fracture risk between glomerular dysfunction, proximal tubular dysfunction, and calcium (Ca) handling abnormalities. STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional study. METHODS: Serum osteocalcin and cross-linked N-telopeptide of type I collagen were used to detect bone metabolism abnormalities, whereas glomerular filtration rate, serum cystatin C, urinary β2-microglobulin (β2-MG) and fractional excretion of calcium (FECa) were used to indicate renal dysfunction...
August 4, 2018: Journal of Research in Health Sciences
Nahla Khamis Ibrahim, Bashaer Saleh Baharoon, Waad Fouad Banjar, Anfal Abdulrahman Jar, Roba Mahmod Ashor, Alanoud Akram Aman, Jawaher Rabah Al-Ahmadi
BACKGROUND: Adverse effects of Mobile Phone (MP) usage could lead to dependency problems, and medical students are not excluded from it. We aimed to determine the pattern of MP usage, and its relation to sleep quality and academic performance between medical students at King Abdulaziz University (KAU), Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional study. METHODS: A multistage stratified random sample was used for selection of 610 participants, during 2016-2017...
August 4, 2018: Journal of Research in Health Sciences
Seyed Mohsen Zahraei, Abolfazl Mohammadbeigi, Narges Mohammadsalehi, Azam Sabouri, Sima Afrashteh, Shahram Arsang Jang, Hossein Ansari, Salman Khazaei
BACKGROUND: The elimination target for measles as an acute and contagious disease in Eastern Mediterranean Region (EMR) and Iran is planned by high-quality surveillance. We aimed to monitor the surveillance quality indicators of measles by in all districts of Iran during 2014-16. STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional study. METHODS: Four quality surveillance indicators of measles including non measles discarded rate, percent of suspected cases with adequate investigation, percent of adequate blood specimen collection and percent with timely availability of laboratory results were assessed in Iran...
June 30, 2018: Journal of Research in Health Sciences
Rania Wasef Salah, Ali Abdel Halim Hasab, Nessrin Ahmed El-Nimr, Dalia Ibrahim Tayel
BACKGROUND: Iron deficiency anemia (IDA) in infants and young children remains a significant public health problem in most developing countries. IDA had short and long-term adverse impacts on infants' health and development. We aimed to assess the frequency of IDA and associated risk factors among infants aged between 9-12 months in rural areas of Nablus Governorate. STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional study. METHODS: The study was conducted between Jan and Mar 2015...
June 13, 2018: Journal of Research in Health Sciences
Mehdi Noroozi, Brandon D L Marshall, Alireza Noroozi, Bahram Armoon, Hamid Sharifi, Mostafa Qorbani, Mohammad Abbasi, Mohammad Rafi Bazrafshan
BACKGROUND: Many studies have recognized the importance of sexual and injection risk behaviors in HIV transmission among people who inject drugs (PWID). We aimed to examine effect of alcohol use on sexual and injection risky behavior using coarsened exact matching (CEM) approach among PWID in Tehran, Iran. STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional study. METHODS: This study was conducted from Mar to Aug 2016 in Tehran, Iran. PWID were recruited by a convenience and snowball sampling from five of Drop-in Centers (DICs) in Tehran...
May 19, 2018: Journal of Research in Health Sciences
Shahab Rezaeian, Mohammad Hajizadeh, Satar Rezaei, Sina Ahmadi, Ali Kazemi Karyani, Yahya Salimi
BACKGROUND: Equity in healthcare utilization is a major health policy goal in all healthcare systems. This study aimed to examine socioeconomic inequalities in public healthcare utilization in Kermanshah City, western Iran. STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional study. METHODS: Using convenience sampling method, 2040 adult aged 18-65 yr were enrolled from Kermanshah City in 2017. A self-administrated questionnaire was used to collect data on socio-demographic characteristics, socioeconomic status, behavioral factors, and utilization of public healthcare services (inpatient and outpatient care) over the period between from May to Aug 2017...
May 14, 2018: Journal of Research in Health Sciences
Jihene Sahli, Menel Mellouli, Meriam El Ghardallou, Manel Limam, Mouna Gallas, Asma Ammar, Ali Mtiraoui, Thouraya Nebli Ajmi, Chekib Zedini
BACKGROUND: Bullying is a serious public health concern remarkably common among youth. Involvement in bullying can lead to deleterious effect on the emotional well-being of pupils. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of bullying, its psychosocial associated factors and the perceived involvement of parents, teachers, and classmates to counteract this behavior. STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional study. METHODS: We conducted this study in 2015 among a representative multistage sample of 1584 students enrolled in middle schools in the Region of Sousse using the revised Olweus Bully/Victim Questionnaire...
May 5, 2018: Journal of Research in Health Sciences
Razieh Zahedi, Alireza Noroozi, Ahmad Hajebi, Ali Akbar Haghdoost, Mohammad Reza Baneshi, Hamid Sharifi, Ali Mirzazadeh
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to estimate the prevalence of substance use among university students measured by direct and indirect methods, and to calculate the visibility factor (VF) defined as ratio of indirect to direct estimates of substance use prevalence. STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional study. METHODS: Using a multistage non-random sampling approach, we recruited 2157 students from three universities in Kerman, Iran, in 2016. We collected data on substance use by individual face-to-face interview using direct (i...
April 30, 2018: Journal of Research in Health Sciences
Habibollah Esmaily, Maryam Tayefi, Hassan Doosti, Majid Ghayour-Mobarhan, Hossein Nezami, Alireza Amirabadizadeh
BACKGROUND: We aimed to identify the associated risk factors of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) using data mining approach, decision tree and random forest techniques using the Mashhad Stroke and Heart Atherosclerotic Disorders (MASHAD) Study program. STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional study. METHODS: The MASHAD study started in 2010 and will continue until 2020. Two data mining tools, namely decision trees, and random forests, are used for predicting T2DM when some other characteristics are observed on 9528 subjects recruited from MASHAD database...
April 24, 2018: Journal of Research in Health Sciences
Ahmad Reza Dorosty Motlagh, Peivasteh Safarpour, Milad Daneshi Maskooni, Mostafa Hosseini, Farzaneh Ranjbar Noshari
BACKGROUND: Food insecurity (FI) refers to the lack of sufficient and safe availability of the food. Accumulating studies have suggested associations between dietary intake and Intelligence quotient (IQ). Accordingly, we aimed to examine the association between FI and IQ. STUDY DESIGN: Case-control study. METHODS: In this case-control study, 222 girl students aged 9 to 11 years old were randomly chosen from Bandar-Anzali, Iran in 2013. Students with low and moderate IQ were considered as case (n=111) and control (n=111) group, respectively...
April 15, 2018: Journal of Research in Health Sciences
Traci Hayes, Vinayak K Nahar, Manoj Sharma
BACKGROUND: Despite physical activity having several benefits, a considerable number of Americans do not engage in sufficient exercise. Among the high-risk groups are African American women. A recent theory, multi theory model (MTM) for health behavior change can be used to develop effective interventions. The objective of this research was to test MTM in its ability to predict physical activity behavior in African American women. STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional study...
April 12, 2018: Journal of Research in Health Sciences
Mohammad Bagherniya, Firoozeh Mostafavi Darani, Manoj Sharma, Mohammad Reza Maracy, Ramesh Allipour Birgani, Golnaz Ranjbar, Ali Taghipour, Mohammad Safraian, Seyed Ali Keshavarz
BACKGROUND: Childhood obesity has become a global epidemic and physical inactivity and considered as one of the most important contributing factors. We aimed to evaluate a school-based physical activity intervention using social cognitive theory (SCT) to increase physical activity behavior in order to prevent obesity among overweight and obese adolescent girls. STUDY DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial study. METHODS: A seven-month randomized controlled trial based on SCT was implemented with 172 overweight and obese girl students (87 in intervention and 85 in control group), with the presence of their parents and teachers...
April 7, 2018: Journal of Research in Health Sciences
Fatemeh Kargar Shouroki, Seyed Jamaleddin Shahtaheri, Farideh Golbabaei, Abolfazle Barkhordari, Abbas Rahimi-Froushani
BACKGROUND: Chromium exposure occurs in various industries such as ceramics industry. The main disadvantage of chromium is high toxicity when absorbed by the body. This study aimed to determine and compare urinary chromium values in the pre- and post-shift of ceramic glazers and the control group; investigate urinary chromium value according to the study variables; compare pulmonary function tests between ceramic glazers vs. the control group. STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional study...
March 19, 2018: Journal of Research in Health Sciences
Younes Mohammadi, Rashid Heidarimoghadam, Bistoon Hosseini, Mohammad Babamiri, Azita Nikravesh, Masoumeh Javaheri, Babak Moeini
BACKGROUND: Child mortality is one of the major health indices and the main targets in sustainable development goals. This study aimed to estimate child mortality rate and assess the progress toward sustainable development goals in Hamadan Province, western Iran and its districts from 1990 to 2016. STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional study. METHODS: We used two data sources including death registration system (DRS) and summary birth history data (SBH) of 2010 census for estimating child mortality rate...
March 7, 2018: Journal of Research in Health Sciences
Mojgan Mamani, Mohammad Mehdi Majzoobi, Fariba Keramat, Nesa Varmaghani, Abbas Moghimbeigi
BACKGROUND: Brucellosis is a zoonotic disease caused by Brucella species via infected domestic animals. In endemic areas, certain occupations such as veterinarians, butchers, and slaughterhouse workers are considered high risk regarding brucellosis. We evaluated the seroprevalence of brucellosis in high-risk occupations in Hamadan, West of Iran. STUDY DESIGN: a cross-sectional study. METHODS: Overall, 218 participants from 2014 to 2015 were enrolled...
February 10, 2018: Journal of Research in Health Sciences
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