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Journal of Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906094/decreasing-loco-regional-recurrence-for-oral-cavity-cancer-with-total-mohs-margins-technique
#1
Mathieu Bergeron, Pierre Gauthier, Nathalie Audet
BACKGROUND: The conventional technique for cancer resection margin analysis studies only 0.1% of the surgical margins. Complete frozen section margins - also known as Mohs margins - allows for analysis of 100% of the surgical margins. METHODS: The objective of our study is to compare oral cavity cancer loco-regional recurrence rates when treated by total frozen sections technique (Total Mohs margins) versus conventional margins. We conducted a multicenter retrospective cohort chart review...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881143/weekly-versus-every-three-weeks-platinum-based-chemoradiation-regimens-for-head-and-neck-cancer
#2
James M Melotek, Benjamin T Cooper, Matthew Koshy, Joshua S Silverman, Michael T Spiotto
BACKGROUND: The majority of chemoradiation (CRT) trials for locally advanced head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) have relied on platinum-based chemotherapy regimens administered every-3-weeks. However, given the increased utilization of weekly platinum regimens, it remains unclear how different chemotherapy schedules compare regarding efficacy and toxicity. METHODS: We retrospectively identified 212 patients with HNSCC who were treated at a single academic medical center with concurrent platinum-based CRT given weekly (N = 68) or every-three-weeks (N = 144)...
November 24, 2016: Journal of Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876067/correlation-between-clinical-and-mri-assessment-of-depth-of-invasion-in-oral-tongue-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#3
H A Alsaffar, D P Goldstein, E V King, J R de Almeida, D H Brown, R W Gilbert, P J Gullane, O Espin-Garcia, W Xu, J C Irish
BACKGROUND: Neck metastasis is the most important prognostic factor in oral cavity squamous cell carcinomas (SCC). Apart from the T- stage, depth of invasion has been used as a highly predictable factor for microscopic neck metastasis, despite the controversy on the exact depth cut off point. Depth of invasion can be determined clinically and radio logically. However, there is no standard tool to determine depth of invasion preoperatively. Although MRI is used widely to stage the head and neck disease, its utility in depth evaluation has not formally been assessed...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846864/one-and-a-half-nostril-endoscopic-transsphenoidal-approach-for-pituitary-adenomas-a-technical-report
#4
Guodao Wen, Chao Tang, Chunyu Zhong, Junyang Li, Zixiang Cong, Yuan Zhou, Kaidong Liu, Yong Zhang, Mamatemin Tohti, Chiyuan Ma
BACKGROUND: Binostril endoscopic transsphenoidal approach (BETA) provides sufficient manipulation space and wide endoscopic vision, although it increases the trauma of nose. Mononostril endoscopic transsphenoidal approach (META) has minimal trauma of nose, at the expense of space within the operation. We describe a one-and-a-half nostril endoscopic transsphenoidal approach (OETA) that combines the advantages of BETA and META. METHODS: We introduced OETA for pituitary adenomas with a detailed technical description...
November 15, 2016: Journal of Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825368/impact-of-laryngopharyngeal-reflux-on-subjective-and-objective-voice-assessments-a-prospective-study
#5
Jérôme R Lechien, Kathy Huet, Mohamad Khalife, Anne-Françoise Fourneau, Véronique Delvaux, Myriam Piccaluga, Bernard Harmegnies, Sven Saussez
BACKGROUND: Laryngopharyngeal reflux is a prevalent, not well-understood disease affecting a high proportion of patients who seek laryngology consultation. The objective of this prospective case series is to explore the subjective and objective voice modifications in Laryngopharyngeal reflux (LPR), especially the usefulness of acoustic parameters as treatment outcomes, and to better understand the pathophysiological mechanisms underlying the development of voice disorder. METHODS: Forty-one patients with a reflux finding score (RFS) > 7 and a reflux symptom index (RSI) > 13 were enrolled and treated with pantoprazole 20 mg twice daily for three months...
November 8, 2016: Journal of Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821144/harmonic-scalpel-impact-on-blood-loss-and-operating-time-in-major-head-and-neck-surgery-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#6
Dieter K Fritz, T Wayne Matthews, Shamir P Chandarana, Steven C Nakoneshny, Joseph C Dort
BACKGROUND: Long operating time and high blood loss contribute to post-surgical morbidity. Therefore, strategies to reduce these factors should to be tested using robust methods. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the impact of using the harmonic scalpel on operating time and blood loss in patients undergoing resection for advanced oral cancer (OSCC). METHODS: Thirty-six adult head and neck cancer patients with advanced OSCC requiring primary tumor resection with uni- or bi- lateral selective neck dissection from July 2012 to September 2014 were randomized to either the control group (traditional surgery) or the experimental group (harmonic surgery)...
November 8, 2016: Journal of Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27809897/decision-aid-prototype-development-for-parents-considering-adenotonsillectomy-for-their-children-with-sleep-disordered-breathing
#7
Erin Maguire, Paul Hong, Krista Ritchie, Jeremy Meier, Karen Archibald, Jill Chorney
BACKGROUND: To describe the process involved in developing a decision aid prototype for parents considering adenotonsillectomy for their children with sleep disordered breathing. METHODS: A paper-based decision aid prototype was developed using the framework proposed by the International Patient Decision Aids Standards Collaborative. The decision aid focused on two main treatment options: watchful waiting and adenotonsillectomy. Usability was assessed with parents of pediatric patients and providers with qualitative content analysis of semi-structured interviews, which included open-ended user feedback...
November 4, 2016: Journal of Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27809898/efficacy-and-mechanism-of-mandibular-advancement-devices-for-persistent-sleep-apnea-after-surgery-a-prospective-study
#8
Huiping Luo, Xulan Tang, Yuanping Xiong, Lili Meng, Hongliang Yi, Shankai Yin
BACKGROUND: To explore the feasibility, the efficacy, and the mechanism of mandibular advancement devices (MAD) in the treatment of persistent sleep apnea after surgery. METHODS: Nineteen patients who failed uvulopalatopharyngoplasty (UPPP) or UPPP plus genioglossus advancement and hyoid myotomy (GAHM) were given a non-adjustable MAD for treatment. All patients had polysomnography (PSG) at least 6 months post-UPPP with and without the MAD. Seventeen patients had computed tomography (CT) examinations...
November 3, 2016: Journal of Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27793210/investigation-of-ezh2-pathways-for-novel-epigenetic-treatment-strategies-in-oropharyngeal-cancer
#9
Sherif Idris, Cameron Lindsay, Morris Kostiuk, Colin Andrews, David W J Côté, Daniel A O'Connell, Jeffrey Harris, Hadi Seikaly, Vincent L Biron
BACKGROUND: In recent decades, the incidence of oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (OPSCC) has been rising worldwide as a result of increasing oncogenic human papillomavirus (HPV) infections in the oropharynx. EZH2 is an epigenetic regulatory protein associated with tumor aggressiveness and negative survival outcomes in several human cancers. We aimed to determine the role of EZH2 as a potential therapeutic epigenetic target in HPV-positive and negative OPSCC. METHODS: The expression of EZH2 was measured by immunohistochemistry (IHC) and droplet digital PCR (ddPCR) in 2 HPV-positive and 2 HPV-negative cell lines...
October 28, 2016: Journal of Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27793192/practice-patterns-among-thyroid-cancer-surgeons-implications-of-performing-a-prophylactic-central-neck-dissection
#10
Michael W Deutschmann, Laura Chin-Lenn, Steven C Nakoneshny, Joseph C Dort, Janice L Pasieka, Shamir P Chandarana
BACKGROUND: Indications for performing a prophylactic central neck dissection (pCND) in papillary thyroid cancer (PTC) remain controversial. It is unclear how identification of lymph node (LN) metastases should impact the decision to treat with radioactive iodine (RAI). The goals of this study were to identify indications for performing pCND and identify factors that predict the use of adjuvant RAI. METHODS: This was a population based cross-sectional analysis. A prospectively collected database identified 594 patients who underwent total thyroidectomy +/- CND...
October 28, 2016: Journal of Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27756425/the-role-of-repeat-fine-needle-aspiration-in-the-management-of-indeterminate-thyroid-nodules
#11
Alborz Jooya, Joe Saliba, Audrey Blackburn, Michael Tamilia, Michael P Hier, Alex Mlynarek, Véronique-Isabelle Forest, Louise Rochon, Anca Florea, Hangjun Wang, Richard J Payne
BACKGROUND: Management decisions are not straightforward when the Ultrasound Guided Fine Needle Aspiration (USFNA) demonstrates a Bethesda score of either category III or IV, and a diagnostic hemi-thyroidectomy or a repeat USFNA (r-USFNA) could be performed. The aim of this study is to assess the effectiveness of r-USFNA in the management of indeterminate thyroid nodules by evaluating the likelihood of obtaining a definite diagnosis. METHODS: We reviewed the medical records of all patients with thyroid nodules between 2011 and 2015 at the Jewish General Hospital (Montreal, Canada)...
October 18, 2016: Journal of Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27756384/ectopic-parathyroid-adenoma-in-the-soft-palate-a-case-report
#12
Brent A Chang, Anil Sharma, Donald W Anderson
BACKGROUND: Ectopic parathyroid adenomas can occur in numerous anatomic locations. While ectopic parathyroid adenomas can rarely occur in the pharyngeal region, this has not previously been described in the soft palate. CASE PRESENTATION: We report the first case of ectopic parathyroid adenoma within the soft palate. A 59 year old woman presented with hyperparathyroidism. She remained persistently hyperparathyroid after initial parathyroidectomy. Repeat exploration for a lesion suspicious on PET-CT for an ectopic parathyroid adenoma in the parapharyngeal region was unsuccessful in treating the hyperparathyroidism...
October 18, 2016: Journal of Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27756377/chylothorax-in-thyroid-surgery-a-very-rare-case-and-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#13
Verena Merki, Juliane Pichler, Roland Giger, Georgios Mantokoudis
BACKGROUND: Chylothorax is a very rare but major complication in thyroid surgery and should be apparent to clinicians in this field. CASE PRESENTATION: We report a case with chylothrax after thyroid surgery in our department that drew our attention. METHODS: Systematic review of the literature to evaluate the incidence and the contributing factors of chylothorax after thyroid surgery. Database (PubMed) and hand searches to identify patients with thyroid surgery and postoperative chylothorax...
October 18, 2016: Journal of Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27724969/survival-outcomes-in-patients-with-oropharyngeal-cancer-treated-with-carboplatin-paclitaxel-and-concurrent-radiotherapy
#14
M Roskies, E Kay-Rivest, M A Mascarella, K Sultanem, A Mlynarek, M Hier
BACKGROUND: A commonly employed treatment for advanced staged oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (OPSCC) is concurrent radiation and chemotherapy with cisplatin as the gold standard. Carboplatin is reported to have the same radiopotentiation properties and a superior side effect profile; however, its use in head and neck cancer has been limited due to the paucity of data and reported hematologic side effects. In this study, we describe our institution's experience with carboplatin, paclitaxel and radiation in the treatment of oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma over a 10 year period...
October 10, 2016: Journal of Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27669699/a-program-evaluation-of-kids2hear-a-student-run-hearing-screening-program-for-school-children
#15
Tina Hu, Katherine Stead, Terence Fu, Blake Papsin
BACKGROUND: Hearing deficits in children are demonstrably negatively associated with language acquisition and cognition. Although universal neonatal hearing screening exists, it is not offered equally across Canada. Additionally, children emigrating from other countries are often not assessed. The objective of this study is to evaluate Kids2Hear, a free hearing screening program run by medical students at elementary schools, and to determine the rate of hearing deficits that were identified and referred for evaluation...
September 26, 2016: Journal of Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27647047/the-effect-of-adenoid-hypertrophy-on-maxillofacial-development-an-objective-photographic-analysis
#16
Cigdem Fırat Koca, Tamer Erdem, Tuba Bayındır
BACKGROUND: Deformity in the dental arc and facial skeleton by adenoid hypertrophy due to chronic mouth breathing is a well-known process. Most of the related studies have been based on cephalometric analyses. The aim of this study is to detect the presence of skeletal deformities on the soft tissue by analyzing distances and angles on photographs. METHODS: Ninety-seven children having between 25 and 100 % of adenoids, ages 4-12 years (48 boys, 49 girls), and 90 cases having 0-25 % adenoid tissue, ages 4-12 years (54 boys, 36 girls), were studied by clinical history, physical examination (including endoscopy), and standardized clinical photographs...
September 20, 2016: Journal of Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27604801/preliminary-cross-sectional-reliability-and-validity-of-the-skull-base-inventory-sbi-quality-of-life-questionnaire
#17
Soroush Larjani, Eric Monteiro, Ian Witterick, Allan Vescan, Gelareh Zadeh, Fred Gentili, David P Goldstein, John R de Almeida
BACKGROUND: The Skull Base Inventory (SBI) was developed to assess the quality of life of patients undergoing endoscopic or open approaches for anterior and central skull base pathologies. In this study, we sought to establish the discriminative and evaluative properties for this instrument. METHODS: The SBI was administered in a cross-sectional fashion to patients who previously had skull base surgery after treatment and then again 2 weeks after completing the instrument...
September 7, 2016: Journal of Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27066834/an-outcomes-analysis-of-anterior-epistaxis-management-in-the-emergency-department
#18
E Newton, A Lasso, W Petrcich, S J Kilty
BACKGROUND: Many treatment options exist for the management of anterior epistaxis. However, little is known about treatment outcomes. The objective was to identify the currently utilised methods of management and outcomes for patients with anterior epistaxis presenting to the emergency department (ED) at a Canadian tertiary care center. METHODS: A retrospective review of ED visits from January 2012-May 2014 for adult patients with a diagnosis of anterior epistaxis was performed...
April 11, 2016: Journal of Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26965445/how-can-the-audiogram-be-more-useful
#19
LETTER
Robert V Harrison
The Canadian Hearing and Auditory Research Translation (CHART) group is a newly formed taskforce to develop collaborative research initiatives. Initial discussions centered on diagnostic improvements for middle ear disease, auditory neuropathy spectrum disorder, tinnitus and presbycusis. Central to these discussions was the widely held view that the standard audiogram and its interpretation is inadequate to for describing many forms of hearing problems that we now recognize. This letter is designed to create awareness and to seek feedback from hearing healthcare professionals on their experience regarding the adequacy (or otherwise) of the audiogram in its present form...
March 10, 2016: Journal of Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26830022/upper-airway-obstruction-due-to-a-change-in-altitude-first-report-in-fifty-years
#20
Oleksandr Butskiy, Donald W Anderson
BACKGROUND: Air travel mostly causes minor ear, nose and throat complaints. We describe a second report in literature of airway obstruction caused by a drop in atmospheric pressure during a routine commercial flight. CASE PRESENTATION: A 54-year-old male was referred to a head and neck surgeon with a 2 cm left submandibular mass that would enlarge during commercial flights. As the plane gained elevation, the mass would grow and cause him to become stridorous and short of breath...
February 1, 2016: Journal of Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
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