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Journal of Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery

S Anderson, N Alsufyani, A Isaac, M Gazzaz, H El-Hakim
BACKGROUND: Drug induced sleep endoscopy (DISE) is hoped to identify reasons of failure of adenotonsillectomy (AT) in treating pediatric sleep disordered breathing (SDB). Maxillomandibular disproportion has been studied as another association which may explain alternative pathogenesis of SDB. We aimed to explore the relation between the size of the gonial angle and inclination of the epiglottis measured from cone beam CT (CBCT) and tongue base collapse based on DISE in children with SDB...
June 4, 2018: Journal of Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
Lisa Caulley, Scott Kohlert, Hazen Gandy, Janet Olds, Matthew Bromwich
BACKGROUND: Conversion disorder refers to functional bodily impairments that can be precipitated by high stress situations including trauma and surgery. Symptoms of conversion disorder may mimic or complicate otolaryngology diseases in the pediatric population. CASE PRESENTATION: In this report, the authors describe 3 cases of conversion disorder that presented to a pediatric otolaryngology-head and neck surgery practice. This report highlights a unique population of patients who have not previously been investigated...
May 29, 2018: Journal of Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
Kimberly Luu, Jason Sutherland, Trafford Crump, Giuping Liu, Arif Janjua
BACKGROUND: Patients with Chronic Rhinosinusitis (CRS) can suffer from a significant decline in their quality of life. CRS patients have a high prevalence of comorbid conditions and it is important to understand the impact of these conditions on their CRS-related quality of life. This study measures the impacts of chronic pulmonary comorbidities on quality of life, pain, and depression scores among patients with CRS awaiting Endoscopic Sinus Surgery (ESS). METHODS: This study is based on cross-sectional analysis of prospectively collected patient-reported outcome data collected pre-operatively from patients waiting for ESS...
May 29, 2018: Journal of Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
Victoria Van Regemorter, Arnaud Potié, Sandra Schmitz, Jean-Louis Scholtes, Laurent Veevaete, Michel Van Boven
BACKGROUND: Providing adequate ventilation may remain complex in patients with severe proximal laryngotracheal stenosis, especially when the airway is shared with the surgeon during tracheal resection surgery. We describe an effective alternative to standard endotracheal intubation using a Rüsch flexible intubation guide catheter. METHODS: In two patients undergoing tracheal repair surgery, we failed to insert a 5.0 inner diameter endotracheal tube (6.9 mm outer diameter) or a 6...
May 25, 2018: Journal of Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
Abrar Al Jassim, Tim Wallace, Sarah Bouhabel, Agnieszka Majdan, Michael Hier, Veronique-Isabelle Forest, Richard Payne
BACKGROUND: The 2016 American Thyroid Association guidelines indicate that patients with Graves' disease who undergo a thyroidectomy should be rendered euthyroid through the use of antithyroid drugs (ATD) prior to surgery to avoid complications such as a thyroid storm. At times, the use of ATDs can have limited efficacy and therefore some patients will inevitably remain biochemically hyperthyroid at the time of surgery. The aim of this study is to assess if hyperthyroid patients undergoing a thyroidectomy are at an increased risk of developing a thyroid storm in comparison to euthyroid patients...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
Vincent Wu, Stephen F Hall
BACKGROUND: Unplanned returns to hospital are common, costly, and potentially avoidable. We aimed to investigate and characterize reasons for all-cause readmissions to hospital as in-patients (IPs) and visits to the Emergency Department (ED) within 30-days following patient discharge post head and neck surgery (HNS). METHODS: Retrospective case series with chart review. All patients within the Department of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery who underwent HNS for benign and malignant disease from January 1, 2010 to May 31, 2015 were identified...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
Yu Qing Huang, Katsiaryna Traore, Badr Ibrahim, Maida J Sewitch, Lily H P Nguyen
BACKGROUND: Randomized controlled trials are the gold standard in medical and surgical research to assess the efficacy of therapeutic interventions. The reporting of these trials should be of high quality to allow readers' appropriate interpretation and application. METHODS: The objectives of our study were to assess the extent to which the recent Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery (ORL-HNS) randomized control trials in the top nine journals and in the top Canadian journal comply with the Consolidated Standards of Reporting Trials (CONSORT) statement, and to identify the CONSORT items most in need of improvement...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
Candan Efeoglu, Aylin Sipahi Calis, Huseyin Koca, Esra Yuksel
BACKGROUND: Internal derangement is the clinical and pathological condition of disc displacement of the temporomandibular joint. Management of these cases involve conservative and surgical treatment options. Minimally invasive surgical procedures namely arthrocentesis and arthroscopy are promising techniques in the management of internal derangement. However patient selection algorithms, indications for minimally invasive procedures and details of the techniques should be further studied for safe and cost effective management of these cases...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
Derrick R Randall, Lisa M Evangelista, Maggie A Kuhn, Peter C Belafsky
BACKGROUND: Cricopharyngeus muscle dysfunction (CPMD) is a common cause of dysphagia. We employ a progressive series of three double-balloon dilations separated by 4-6 weeks between procedures as a primary treatment option. The purpose of this study was to evaluate subjective, functional and objective improvement in swallowing after three serial dilations for CPMD. METHODS: We retrospectively evaluated patients between June 1, 2014, and June 30, 2016, who underwent a series of three double-balloon dilations for CPMD...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
David Forner, Derek Wilke, Matthew H Rigby, Sidney Croul, Anuradha Mishra, Emad Massoud, David B Clarke, Nathan Lamond
BACKGROUND: HPV-associated OSCC (HPV-OSCC) has been determined to be a distinct disease entity from non-HPV associated OSCC. Patients affected by HPV-OSCC generally have a more favourable prognosis, with improved rates of locoregional control and survival compared with their non-HPV counterparts. Despite this, HPV-OSCC has a similar rate of distant metastases. Interestingly, recent evidence has emerged that demonstrates more frequent atypical metastasis patterns when compared to non-HPV associated disease...
May 9, 2018: Journal of Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
Francisco Lee, Kristine A Smith, Shamir Chandarana, T Wayne Matthews, J Douglas Bosch, Steven C Nakoneshny, Joseph C Dort
BACKGROUND: Operative endoscopy and flexible fiber-optic in-office tissue biopsy are common techniques to assess suspicious laryngopharyngeal lesions. METHODS: The primary outcome was the delay to the initiation of treatment. Secondary outcomes were delay to biopsy, histopathological diagnosis, and assessment at a multidisciplinary oncology clinic. A retrospective analysis was performed to assess the relative delays between these approaches to biopsy of laryngopharyngeal lesions...
May 9, 2018: Journal of Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
A E Quimby, S Kohlert, L Caulley, M Bromwich
BACKGROUND: Flexible nasolaryngoscopy is an essential component of the otolaryngological physical exam. Historically, the ability to create and share video recordings of these endoscopic exams has been limited by poor mobility of fixed endoscopy towers. The advent of smartphone endoscope adapters has allowed physicians to create and share video recordings of endoscopy in a wide variety of locations that would not have previously been feasible. This paper sought to review the literature on the effect of smartphone endoscope adapters on patient care, patient satisfaction, and resident learning...
May 8, 2018: Journal of Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
Ashley Hinther, Steven C Nakoneshny, Shamir P Chandarana, T Wayne Matthews, Joseph C Dort
BACKGROUND: Our study quantifies the effectiveness of perioperative pain control in a cohort of patients undergoing major head and neck surgery with free flap reconstruction. Our long-term goal is to improve pain control and thereby increase mobility, decrease postoperative complications and decrease hospital stay. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed at a tertiary, academic head and neck surgical oncology program in Calgary, Alberta, Canada from January 1, 2015 - December 31, 2015...
May 2, 2018: Journal of Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
Melody J Xu, Tara J Wu, Annemieke van Zante, Ivan H El-Sayed, Alain P Algazi, William R Ryan, Patrick K Ha, Sue S Yom
BACKGROUND: Management of locoregional recurrence (LRR) and distant metastasis (DM) in adenoid cystic carcinoma (ACC) is guided by limited data. We investigated mortality risks in patients diagnosed and treated for recurrent ACC. METHODS: A retrospective review of ACC patients treated from 1989 to 2016 identified 36 patients with LRR or DM. High-risk disease was defined as skull base involvement (for LRR) or International Registry of Lung Metastases Group III/IV or extrapulmonary site of metastasis (for DM)...
April 25, 2018: Journal of Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
Sherif Idris, Alex M Mlynarek, Khalid Ansari, Jeffrey R Harris, Nabil Rizk, David Cote, Daniel A O'Connell, Heather Allen, Peter Dziegielewski, Hadi Seikaly
BACKGROUND: Defects following resection of tumors in the head and neck region are complex; more detailed and defect-specific reconstruction would likely result in better functional and cosmetic outcomes. The objectives of our study were: 1) to improve the understanding of the two- and three-dimensional nature of oral cavity and oropharyngeal defects following oncological resection and 2) to assess the geometric dimensions and the shapes of fasciocutaneous free flaps and locoregional tissue flaps required for reconstruction of these defects...
April 24, 2018: Journal of Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
Sherif Idris, Russell A Murphy, Manisha Witmans, Hamdy El-Hakim
Distally impacted chronic tracheobronchial sharp foreign bodies in children are a management challenge that presents with clinical subtlety and extreme variability. The use of image guided techniques, imaginative instrumentation, tracheotomy, thoracotomy, and even extracorporeal membrane oxygneation have been reported. Endoscopy is made difficult by the distal location, inflammatory reaction with granulation tissue formation, and bleeding obscuring the foreign body. Our aim is to describe our experience with two children who had removal of aspirated impacted sharp metallic foreign bodies from the distal airway using rigid bronchoscopy, preceded by maximal medical therapy...
April 10, 2018: Journal of Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
Paige Moore, Trung Le, Brian Blakley, Jason Beiko, Eric Meen
BACKGROUND: This is the first case to our knowledge of a serious adverse event following the Epley maneuver, which is the treatment of choice for benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV), the most common vestibular disorder in adults. CASE PRESENTATION: A 77 year old female presented for outpatient evaluation of vertigo at a tertiary otolaryngology clinic. She was found to have BPPV clinically, and elected to have a particle repositioning maneuver (Epley maneuver) performed in clinic...
April 10, 2018: Journal of Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
Vincent Wu, Jennifer Siu, Jonathan Yip, John M Lee
BACKGROUND: Inverted papillomas (IPs) are benign neoplasms, most commonly arising from the mucosal lining of the maxillary sinus. IPs can have single or multifocal sites of attachment. Although pedicle location is an important factor to consider in surgical planning, it is less clear whether the location or number of IP attachment sites hold any prognostic value. Herein, we aimed to determine the prognostic significance of the number and location of attachment sites of IPs originating from the maxillary sinus when managed by a pure endoscopic approach...
April 4, 2018: Journal of Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
Yael Bensoussan, Jennifer Anderson
BACKGROUND: The advent of chip tip technology combined with advanced endoscopy has revolutionized the field of laryngology in the past decade. Procedures such as transnasal esophagoscopy, site-specific steroid injections, injection laryngoplasty and laryngeal laser treatment can now be performed in the office setting under local anaesthesia. Although In-Office Laryngeal Procedures (IOLPs) have become standard-of-care in many American and several Canadian centers, there are no guidelines regulating the practice of these procedures...
April 3, 2018: Journal of Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
Uthman Alamoudi, Benjamin Taylor, Colin MacKay, Matthew H Rigby, Robert Hart, Jonathan R B Trites, S Mark Taylor
BACKGROUND: Patients who have undergone treatment for head and neck cancer are at risk for neck lymphedema, which can severely affect quality of life. Liposuction has been used successfully in cancer patients who suffer from post-treatment limb lymphedema. The purpose of our study was to review the outcomes of head and neck cancer patients at our center who have undergone submental liposuction for post-treatment lymphedema and compare their subsequent results with a control group. METHODS: All head and neck cancer patients at an oncology center in tertiary hospital setting who complained to their attending surgeon or radiation oncologist regarding cervical lymphedema secondary to head and neck cancer treatment, and had been disease-free for a minimum of one year, with no previous facial plastic surgical procedures were eligible for inclusion into the study...
March 26, 2018: Journal of Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
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