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Natural Product Communications

Dongdong Bi, Yicheng Zhao, Rui Jiang, Yan Wang, Yuxin Tian, Xiaoyi Chen, Shaojuan Bai, Gaimei She
Walnuts are seeds with a hard shell from the genus Juglans (J. mandshurica, J. regia, J. sinensis, J. cathayensis, J. nigra and J. sigillata). Walnuts can nourish brain cells to improve human memory. Other parts of the plant are also employed as traditional Chinese medicines. Modern research on Juglans species has been mostly focused on the above-mentioned species, the seeds of which are all called walnuts. Juglans species have diverse chemical constituents, including diarylheptanoids, quinones, polyphenols, flavones and terpenes...
June 2016: Natural Product Communications
Dragoljub L Miladinović, Budimir S Ilić, Branislava D Kocić, Marija S Marković, Ljiljana C Miladinović
The chemical composition and antibacterial activity of Dittrichia graveolens (L.) Greuter essential oil were examined. Gas chromatography and gas chromatography/mass spectrometry were used to analyze the chemical composition of the essential oil. The antibacterial activity was investigated by the broth microdilution method against thirteen bacterial strains. The interactions of the essential oil and three standard antibiotics: chloramphenicol, tetracycline and streptomycin toward five selected strains were evaluated using the microdilution checkerboard assay in combination with chemometric methods: principal components analysis and hierarchical cluster analysis...
June 2016: Natural Product Communications
Giovanna Pesavento, Valentina Maggini, Isabel Maida, Antonella Lo Nostro, Carmela Calonico, Chiara Sassoli, Elena Perrin, Marco Fondi, Alessio Mengoni, Carolina Chiellini, Alfredo Vannacci, Eugenia Gallo, Luigi Gori, Patrizia Bogani, Anna Rita Bilia, Silvia Campana, Novella Ravenni, Daniela Dolce, Fabio Firenzuoli, Renato Fani
Essential oils (EOs) are known to inhibit the growth of a wide range of microorganisms. Particularly interesting is the possible use of EOs to treat multidrug-resistant cystic fibrosis (CF) pathogens. We tested the essential oil (EO) from Origanum vulgare for in vitro antimicrobial activity, against three of the major human opportunistic pathogens responsible for respiratory infections in CF patients; these are methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, Stenotrophomonas maltophilia and Achromobacter xylosoxidans...
June 2016: Natural Product Communications
Ridha El Mokni, Saoussen Hammami, Stefano Dall'Acqua, Gregorio Peron, Khaled Faidi, Jeremy Phillip Braude, Houcine Sebei, Mohamed Hédi El Aouni
The chemical composition of the essential oil produced by steam distillation of the inflorescences of naturally growing Anacamptis coriophora (L.) R. M. Bateman, Pridgeon & M. W. Chase subsp.fragrans (Pollini) R. M. Bateman, Pridgeon & M. W. Chase (Orchidaceae) from Kroumiria, north-west Tunisia was studied by GC-MS, which led to the identification of 19 volatile components, representing 97% of the oil. The main constituents were methyl-(E)-p-methoxycinnamate (29.3%), 13-heptadecyn-1-ol (18.6%), 2,5-dimethoxybenzyl alcohol (14...
June 2016: Natural Product Communications
Wan Mohd Nuzul Hakimi Wan Salleh, Farediah Ahmad
The essential oils of Actinodaphne macrophylla and A. pruinosa were analyzed by GC and GC-MS and evaluated for their antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activities. The essential oil of the leaves of A. macrophylla was characterized by the presence of 31 components (78.2%), with germacrene B (16.8%) and globulol (16.0%) as the major components. A total of 28 components (71.6%) were characterized in the leaf oil of A. pruinosa with the most abundant components being globulol (17.8%) and spathulenol (12.0%). The antioxidant activity was determined by DPPH radical scavenging and total phenolic content, while anti-inflammatory activity by lipoxygenase assay...
June 2016: Natural Product Communications
Teresa Tuttolomondo, Salvatore La Bella, Claudio Leto, Giuseppe Bonsangue, Raffaele Leone, Maria Cristina Gennaro, Giuseppe Virga, Rosalinda Inguanta, Mario Licata
Plants yields are influenced by agronomic techniques. Plant density is a complex issue and extremely important when maximizing both crop quality, and biomass and essential oil yields. Plants belonging to the Origanum vulgare subspecies hirtum (Link) Ietswaart were grown adopting four types of plant density and were characterized in biometric and chemical terms. The samples were analyzed using the ANOVA (Principal Component Analysis) statistical method regarding biometric aspects, EO yield and peltate hair density...
June 2016: Natural Product Communications
Yu-Chang Su, Chen-Lung Ho
The essential oil from the leaves of Phoebe formosana from Taiwan was isolated using hydrodistillation in a Clevenger-type apparatus, and characterized by GC-FID and GC-MS. Seventy-one compounds were identified, representing 100% of the oil. The main components identified were a-humulene (16.8%), τ-cadinol (8.9%), α-pinene (8.4%), α-cadinol (8.1%), β-caryophyllene (8.0%), β-phellandrene (6.0%), and β-eudesmol (5.8%). The oil exhibited cytotoxic activity against human lung, liver and oral cancer cells...
June 2016: Natural Product Communications
David García-Rellán, Mercedes Verdeguer, Adele Salamone, María Amparo Blázquez, Herminio Boira
The chemical composition of essential oils from Satureja cuneifolia growing in east Spain was analyzed by GC, GC/MS. Forty-five compounds accounting for 99.1% of the total oil were identified. Camphor (47.6%), followed by camphene (13.6%) were the main compounds. Their herbicidal and antifungal activity was tested in vitro against three weeds (Amaranthus hybridus, Portulaca oleracea and Conyza canadensis) and eleven common pathogenic or saprophytic fungi (Phytophthora citrophthora, P. palmivora, Pythium litorale, Verticillium dahlia, Rhizoctonia solani, Penicillium hirsutum, Colletotrichum gloeosporioides, Phaeoacremonium aleophilum, Phaemoniella chlamydospora, Cylindrocarpon liriodendri and C...
June 2016: Natural Product Communications
Matej Dudáš, Mária Vilková, Tibor Béres, Miroslav Repcák, Pavol Mártonfi
Two isomers, (Z)- and (E)-palmityl 4-hydroxycinnamate [hexadecyl(2Z)-3-(4-hydroxyphenyl)prop-2-enoate and hexadecyl(2E)-3-(4-hydroxyphenyl)prop-2-enoate] were isolated for the first time from ligulate flowers of Taraxacum linearisquameum Soest (sect. Taraxacum). The highest amount of these compounds was detected in pollen grains; 0.26 mg/100 mg DW of the (E)-isomer and 0.096 mg/100 mg DW of the (Z)-isomer. The structures of these compounds were elucidated by a combination of HPLC-ESI-Qtof-MS and 1D and 2D NMR spectroscopy...
June 2016: Natural Product Communications
Ivana Generalić Mekinić, Danijela Skroza, Ivica Ljubenkov, Višnja Katalinić
Over the last years, great interest has arisen concerning plant stilbenes, especially resveratrol, which has a whole spectrum of positive biological activities. In this study, we investigated the presence of resveratrol monomers (trans- and cis- form) and naturally occurring derivatives of trans-resveratrol (piceid, astringin and isorhapontin) in phenolic extracts of twenty medicinal plants traditionally used in Croatian folk medicine. The investigated compounds were present in the samples, in free form or as glucosides, and the highest share was found in immortelle, common yarrow and Lamiaceae plants...
June 2016: Natural Product Communications
Jun-Wei He, Chuan-Xi Wang, Li Yang, Guo-Dong Chen, Dan Hu, Liang-Dong Guo, Xin-Sheng Yao, Hao Gao
A pair of new enantiomeric polyketides, (-)- and (+)-nigrosporaol A (1a and 1b), along with one related known compound, (+)-alternarienoic acid (2), were isolated from three endolichenic fungal strains, Nigrospora sphaerica (No.83-1-1-2), Alternaria alternata (No.58-8-4-1), and Phialophora sp.(No.96-1-8-1). Their structures, including the absolute configurations, were elucidated on the basis of spectroscopic methods, X-ray diffraction analysis, and the modified Mosher's method.
June 2016: Natural Product Communications
Jiayi Wang, Zixue Wang, Rina Wu, Donghua Jiang, Bing Bai, Dehong Tan, Tingcai Yan, Xiyun Sun, Qi Zhang, Zhaoxia Wu
Juglone is a plant-derived 1,4-naphthoquinone with confirmed antibacterial activity. However, the mechanism of action of juglone against Staphylococcus aureus remains unclear. Possible mechanisms were explored by a proteomic analysis of S. aureus proteins that are inhibited by juglone. Two-dimensional gel electrophoresis revealed that 21 protein spots were differentially expressed between juglone-treated and untreated cells of which 13 were identified. A bioinformatic analysis revealed that proteins participating in protein synthesis, the tricarboxylic acid cycle, as well as DNA and RNA synthesis were inhibited by juglone, thus leading to cell collapse...
June 2016: Natural Product Communications
Elena A Vasileva, Natalia P Mishchenko, Pavel A Zadorozhny, Sergey A Fedoreyev
The aminonaphthoquinone, spinamine E (5), was isolated for the first time from the sea urchins Strongylocentrotus pallidus (Sars G.O., 1872) and Mesocentrotus nudus (A. Agassiz, 1864). The structure of 5 was elucidated as 2-amino-3,5,6,7,8-pentahydroxy-1,4-naphthoquinone using ID 1H-, 13C- and 2D NMR procedures, and HR-ESI mass-spectrometric data of 5 and its trimethyl ether. Spinamine E, as well as two other aminonaphthoquinones of sea urchins, echinamines A (2) and B (3), along with their hydroxylated analogues, spinochrome E (4) and echinochrome A (1), were tested for their ability to scavenge the stable DPPH radical and to inhibit lipid peroxidation...
June 2016: Natural Product Communications
Kyeong Wan Woo, Ki Ho Lee, Ji Hun Jang, Min Suk Kim, Hyun Woo Cho, Jung Hee Cho, Byeongkwan An
Phytochemical investigation of the methanol extract of the aerial parts of Iris minutiaurea (Iridaceae) using column chromatography led to the isolation of a new xanthone glycoside, 1-hydroxy-3,5-dimethoxy-xanthone-6-O-β-D-glucoside (1), together with one known flavonoid glycoside (2). The structure of this new compound was elucidated by analysis of spectroscopic, including 1D (1H, 13C), 2D NMR (COSY, HMQC, HMBC), and high resolution fast atom bombardment mass spectrometric (HR-FAB-MS) data and enzyme hydrolysis...
June 2016: Natural Product Communications
Nurdin Saidi, Hiroshi Morita, Marc Litaudon, Mohd Azlan Nafiah, Khalijah Awang, Mustanir
Two new phenyl propanoids were extracted from the bark of Cryptocarya bracteolate Gamb., ethyl 3-(2'-hydroxy-3',4',5'-trimethoxyphenyl) propanoate (1) and ethyl 3-(2'-glucosyl-3',4',5'-trimethoxyphenyl)propanoate (2), together with seven known alkaloids, (+)-lirioferine (3), (+)-bracteoline (4), (+)-reticuline (5), (+)-reticulineN-oxide (6), (-)-norargemonine (7), (+)-bisnorargemonine (8) and atherolin (9). The structures of compounds were established through several spectroscopic methods; 1D and 2D-NMR, UV, IR and MS...
June 2016: Natural Product Communications
Sakchai Hongthong, Chutima Kuhakarn, Thaworn Jaipetch, Pawinee Piyachaturawat, Surawat Jariyawat, Kanoknetr Suksen, Jitra Limthongkul, Narong Nuntasaen, Vichai Reutrakul
Bioassay-guided isolation from the ethyl acetate extract of Dasymaschalon sootepense roots led to the isolation of twelve compounds including a new dihydrobenzo-furan neolignan, (+)-(2S,3S)-2,3-dihydro-2-(3,4-dimethoxyphenyl)-3-methylbenzofuran-5-carbaldehyde (5), and eleven known compounds (1-4, and 6-12). The chemical structures and stereochemistry of all the isolated compounds were established by spectroscopic techniques. The known compounds 4 and 6 have been fully characterized spectroscopically, including their absolute configurations...
June 2016: Natural Product Communications
Jun-Wei He, Huai-Shuang Xu, Li Yang, Wei-Wei He, Chuan-Xi Wang, Feng Lin, Yang-Yun Lian, Bo-Hang Sun, Guo-Yue Zhong
Two new isocoumarin derivatives, talaisocoumarins A (1) and B (2), and three new related metabolites, talaflavuols A-C (3-5) were isolated from the wetland soil-derived fungus Talaromyces flavus BYD07-13. Their structures were elucidated by spectroscopic (NMR) and MS analyses. The absolute configurations of 1 and 2 were determined by CD and an Rh2(OCOCF3)4-induced CD method. All compounds were evaluated for cytotoxic and antimicrobial activities. However, none of them showed any activity. The plausible biosynthetic pathways for 1-5 were also proposed...
June 2016: Natural Product Communications
Weihuan Huang, Jiajian Wang, Yeyin Liang, Yaolan Li, Guocai Wang
One new pyran-2-one derivative [crotonpyrone C (1)] and two known ones (2-3) were isolated from the supercritical fluid extract (SFE) of the roots of Croton crassifolius. Their structures were elucidated using spectroscopic (IR, UV, 1D and 2D NMR) and HRESIMS methods. The isolated compounds were evaluated for their anti-angiogenic activity using a zebrafish model, but showed little activity.
June 2016: Natural Product Communications
Chang Ha Park, Young Seon Kim, Xiaohua Li, Haeng Hoon Kim, Mariadhas Valan Arasu, Naif Abdullah Al-Dhabi, Sook Young Lee, Sang Un Park
Carbohydrate sources play important roles in energy and growth of plants. Therefore, in this study, we investigated the optimal carbohydrate source in hairy root cultures (HRCs) of Scutellaria baicalensis infected with Agrobacterium rhizogenes strain R1000. The hairy roots were cultured in half-strength B5 liquid medium supplemented with seven different carbohydrates sources (sucrose, fructose, glucose, galactose, sorbitol, mannitol and maltose), each at a concentration of 100 mM, in order to identify the best carbon sources for the production of major flavones, such as wogonin, baicalin and baicalein...
June 2016: Natural Product Communications
Takuji Sugiyama, Yuji Narukawa, Shunsuke Shibata, Ryo Masui, Fumiyuki Kiuchia
The MeOH extract of agarwood showed inhibitory activity against phosphodiesterase (PDE) 3A. Fractionation of the extract led to the isolation of two new 2-(2-phenylethyl)chromones, 6,8-dihydroxy-2-[2-(4'-methoxyphenyl)ethyl]chromone (6), and 6,7-dihydroxy-2-(2-phenylethyl)chromone (8), together with six known compounds. All isolated compounds were tested for their PDE 3A inhibitory activity using fluorescence polarization method. Compound 7 showed PDE 3A inhibitory activity with IC50 of 4.83 μM.
June 2016: Natural Product Communications
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