journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Multidisciplinary Respiratory Medicine

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30013772/nurses-and-physicians-viewpoints-about-decision-making-of-do-not-attempt-resuscitation-dnar
#1
Masoud Fallahi, Somaye Mahdavikian, Alireza Abdi, Fariba Borhani, Parvin Taghizadeh, Behzad Hematpoor
Background: Despite advances with regard to "do not attempt resuscitation order", physicians are still reluctant to implement it. In fact, while the nurses could be of great help in making decision about "do not attempt resuscitation order," they are mostly neglected in this process. The current study was conducted to determine the nurses and physicians' viewpoints about decision making process of "do not attempt resuscitation order". Methods: A descriptive analytical study was carried out with participation of 152 physicians and 152 nurses...
2018: Multidisciplinary Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29988934/criteria-for-enhancing-mucus-transport-a-systematic-scoping-review
#2
REVIEW
Alison Pieterse, Susan D Hanekom
Background: Uncertainty exists regarding the physiological basis of physiotherapy strategies to facilitate mucus clearance. The aim of this review was to describe the physiological factors and intrinsic conditions that facilitate airway mucus transport. Method: A scoping review was performed. A systematic literature search of six databases was executed. Eligibility criteria were applied by two researchers to reach the aim of the review. Papers were identified independently by two reviewers on title, abstract and full-text level...
2018: Multidisciplinary Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29946465/-pulmonary-actinomycosis-attributable-to-actinomyces-meyeri-presenting-as-cardiac-tamponade-a-case-report
#3
Saori Nishizawa, Keisuke Anan, Kazunori Tobino, Masanobu Okahisa, Yuki Goto, Kojin Murakami, Takuto Sueyasu, Miyuki Munechika, Kohei Yoshimine, Mai Yoshino
Background: Recently, it is reported that Actinomyces meyeri is the most common species causing actinomycosis. However, to our knowledge, there was no report about pulmonary actinomycosis attributable to A. meyeri presenting as cardiac tamponade. Case presentation: Hereby we describe a case of pulmonary actinomycosis attributable to A. meyeri presenting as cardiac tamponade. At first, the patient was diagnosed with bacterial pericarditis with lung abscess in the left lower lung lobe and underwent pericardial drainage...
2018: Multidisciplinary Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29946464/fluticasone-furoate-vilanterol-92-22-%C3%AE-g-once-a-day-vs-beclomethasone-dipropionate-formoterol-100-6-%C3%AE-g-b-i-d-a-12-month-comparison-of-outcomes-in-mild-to-moderate-asthma
#4
Roberto W Dal Negro, Luca Bonadiman, Paola Turco
Background: Bronchial asthma is an inflammatory disease of the airways. Beclomethasone dipropionate/Formoterol (BDP/F) and Fluticasone furoate/Vilanterol (FF/V) are two of the most effective LABA/ICS combinations for managing persistent bronchial asthma. Aim of the study was to compare the outcomes achieved in mild-to-moderate asthma patients assuming BDP/F 100/6 μg b.i.d. (Group A) or FF/V 92/22 μg once-daily (Group B) for 12-months. No head-to-head long-term comparison is available at present...
2018: Multidisciplinary Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29946463/effect-of-pirfenidone-on-wound-healing-in-lung-transplant-patients
#5
Amber Mortensen, Lauren Cherrier, Rajat Walia
Background: The drug pirfenidone has been shown to slow the progression and decrease mortality of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF). Its exact mechanism is unknown, but it likely inhibits pro-fibrotic cytokine transforming growth factor beta, a known contributor to wound healing. We evaluated whether patients taking pirfenidone until lung transplantation had increased risk of impaired wound healing post-transplant. This information could determine whether pirfenidone should be discontinued prior to listing to allow for a wash-out period...
2018: Multidisciplinary Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29881545/outdoor-air-pollution-and-respiratory-health-a-bibliometric-analysis-of-publications-in-peer-reviewed-journals-1900-2017
#6
Waleed M Sweileh, Samah W Al-Jabi, Sa'ed H Zyoud, Ansam F Sawalha
Background: Outdoor air pollution is a major threat to global public health that needs responsible participation of researchers at all levels. Assessing research output is an important step in highlighting national and international contribution and collaboration in a certain field. Therefore, the aim of this study was to analyze globally-published literature in outdoor air pollution - related respiratory health. Method: Outdoor air pollution documents related to respiratory health were retrieved from Scopus database...
2018: Multidisciplinary Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785264/delay-and-inequalities-in-the-treatment-of-idiopathic-pulmonary-fibrosis-the-case-of-two-nordic-countries
#7
Ida Pesonen, Lisa Carlson, Nicola Murgia, Riitta Kaarteenaho, Carl Magnus Sköld, Marjukka Myllärniemi, Giovanni Ferrara
Background: Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is characterized by progressive loss of lung function with high mortality within the first 5 years from diagnosis. In 2011-2014, two drugs, pirfenidone and nintedanib, have been approved worldwide for prevention of IPF progression. National IPF-registries have been established in both Finland and Sweden. Our study explored potential differences in the care of IPF in these two countries. Methods: Patients included consecutively in the Finnish and Swedish IPF-registries from January 1, 2014 through December 31, 2016 were included in the study...
2018: Multidisciplinary Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760915/onsite-production-of-medical-air-is-purity-a-problem
#8
Paul Edwards, Patricia-Ann Therriault, Ira Katz
Introduction: Medical air (MA) is widely used in hospitals, often manufactured onsite by compressing external ambient air and supplied through a local network piping system. Onsite production gives rise to a risk of impurities that are governed by the same pharmacopoeia purity standards applicable to commercially produced MA. The question to be addressed in this paper is how to assess if a lack of purity poses a medical problem? Methods: The MA produced onsite at a major Canadian hospital was monitored for carbon dioxide (CO2 ) and other impurity gases at high frequency (one per minute) over a two-month period...
2018: Multidisciplinary Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744054/a-quick-relaxation-exercise-for-people-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-explorative-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Eleonora Volpato, Paolo Banfi, Antonello Nicolini, Francesco Pagnini
Background: People with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) suffer from dyspnoea, which may be increased by anxiety. Previous studies suggest that relaxation techniques may have positive effects in pulmonary rehabilitation. The main aim of this study is to explore the clinical impact of a quick, one-session, relaxation training for people with COPD. Methods: In this perspective, 38 participants with COPD were recruited and randomly assigned to listen to a relaxing audio or to watch a neutral stimulus, during their routine exams...
2018: Multidisciplinary Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657714/non-typeable-haemophilus-influenzae-detection-in-the-lower-airways-of-patients-with-lung-cancer-and-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#10
Krishna B Sriram, Amanda J Cox, Pathmanathan Sivakumaran, Maninder Singh, Annabelle M Watts, Nicholas P West, Allan W Cripps
Background: Chronic airway inflammation and hypersensitivity to bacterial infection may contribute to lung cancer pathogenesis. Previous studies have demonstrated that nontypeable Haemophilus influenzae (NTHi) is the most common colonizing bacteria in the lower airways of patients with COPD. The objective of this study was to determine the presence of NTHi and immunoglobulin concentrations in patients with lung cancer, COPD and controls. Methods: Serum and bronchial wash samples were collected from patients undergoing diagnostic bronchoscopy...
2018: Multidisciplinary Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619219/examining-the-social-status-risk-factors-and-lifestyle-changes-of-tuberculosis-patients-in-sri-lanka-during-the-treatment-period-a-cross-sectional-study
#11
Madapathage Gayan Buddhika Senanayake, Sumudu Indika Wickramasinghe, Sudath Samaraweera, Pubudu De Silva, Sisira Edirippulige
Background: Tuberculosis (TB) is a major global health problem, commonly seen in underdeveloped countries. The probability of contracting the disease is significantly higher among the economically vulnerable and the socially disadvantaged. Risk factors associated with TB can also change over time. In the Sri Lankan context, no study has explored how these factors impact patients. Therefore, we aimed to explore social status, associated risk factors and lifestyle changes during the treatment period of TB patients attending a tertiary respiratory center in Colombo, Sri Lanka...
2018: Multidisciplinary Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29599974/tuberculosis-in-south-asia-a-tide-in-the-affairs-of-men
#12
REVIEW
Buddha Basnyat, Maxine Caws, Zarir Udwadia
Background: Tuberculosis (TB) remains the most common cause of infectious disease deaths worldwide. What is perhaps less appreciated is that the caseload of tuberculosis patients in South Asia is staggering.South Asia has almost 40% of the global TB burden with 4,028,165 cases in 2015. This region also has a disproportionate share of TB deaths (681,975 deaths, 38% of the global burden). Worldwide just 12.5% of TB cases are in HIV positive individuals, but much research and investment has focused on HIV-associated TB...
2018: Multidisciplinary Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29568522/association-of-sleep-quality-with-excessive-daytime-somnolence-and-quality-of-life-of-elderlies-of-community
#13
Glauber Sá Brandão, Fernanda Warken Rosa Camelier, Antônia Adonis Callou Sampaio, Glaudson Sá Brandão, Anderson Soares Silva, Glaucia Sá Brandão Freitas Gomes, Claudio F Donner, Luis Vicente Franco Oliveira, Aquiles Assunção Camelier
Background: The progressive increase in the elderly population contributes to the fact that studies on human aging have important attention of health professionals and government agents, since they present a great challenge regarding public health. Our objective is to characterize the profile of older people with poor sleep quality and analyze possible associations with excessive daytime somnolence, quality of life and functional mobility. Methods: This is a cross-sectional descriptive study, involving elderlies of the community, with the questionnaires Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), Epworth Sleepiness Scale, WHOQOL-OLD and application of the Timed Up and Go test - TUG...
2018: Multidisciplinary Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29527305/influenza-and-influenza-like-syndromes-the-subjects-beliefs-the-attitude-to-prevention-and-treatment-and-the-impact-in-italian-general-population
#14
Roberto W Dal Negro, Alessandro Zanasi, Paola Turco, Massimiliano Povero
Background: Influenza and influenza-like syndromes (I-LSs) are infectious diseases occurring on a seasonal basis which can lead to upper (URTI) and lower respiratory tract illness (LRTI) of different severity. The approach to these disorders is unfortunately not uniform. Aim of the study was to investigate real-life people beliefs, the attitude to their prevention and treatment, and their impact in general population. Methods: A cross-sectional survey via Computer Assisted Telephone Interview (CATI) was carried out using a specific questionnaire investigating influenza episode rates, subjects behavior in case of influenza and I-LSs, and prescribed therapy...
2018: Multidisciplinary Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29507719/the-patient-needing-prolonged-mechanical-ventilation-a-narrative-review
#15
REVIEW
Nicolino Ambrosino, Michele Vitacca
Background: Progress in management has improved hospital mortality of patients admitted to the intensive care units, but also the prevalence of those patients needing weaning from prolonged mechanical ventilation, and of ventilator assisted individuals. The result is a number of difficult clinical and organizational problems for patients, caregivers and health services, as well as high human and financial resources consumption, despite poor long-term outcomes. An effort should be made to improve the management of these patients...
2018: Multidisciplinary Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29484178/obstructive-sleep-apnea-knowledge-and-attitudes-among-recent-medical-graduates-training-in-ecuador
#16
Iván Chérrez-Ojeda, Juan Carlos Calderón, Andrea Fernández García, Donna B Jeffe, Ilka Santoro, Emanuel Vanegas, Annia Cherrez, José Cano, Freddy Betancourt, Daniel Simancas-Racines
Background: We aimed to assess recent Latin American medical school graduates' knowledge and attitudes about OSA and examine whether their knowledge and attitudes about OSA differed from practicing physicians. Methods: Recent medical graduates completed the Spanish translation of the OSA Knowledge and Attitudes (OSAKA) questionnaire at the 2013 national primary-care residency-placement meeting in Ecuador. The OSAKA includes 18 knowledge and five attitudinal items about OSA...
2018: Multidisciplinary Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29387387/case-finding-of-alpha-1-antitrypsin-deficiency-never-wasted-time
#17
EDITORIAL
Bruno Balbi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Multidisciplinary Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29372056/home-exercise-improves-the-quality-of-sleep-and-daytime-sleepiness-of-elderlies-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
Glauber Sá Brandão, Glaucia Sá Brandão Freitas Gomes, Glaudson Sá Brandão, Antônia A Callou Sampaio, Claudio F Donner, Luis V F Oliveira, Aquiles Assunção Camelier
Background: Aging causes physiological changes which affect the quality of sleep. Supervised physical exercise is an important therapeutic resource to improve the sleep of the elderlies, however there is a low adherence to those type of programs, so it is necessary to implement an exercise program which is feasible and effective. The study aimed to test the hypothesis that a semi-supervised home exercise program, improves sleep quality and daytime sleepiness of elderlies of the community who present poor sleep quality...
2018: Multidisciplinary Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340151/reference-values-for-spirometry-in-elderly-individuals-a-cross-sectional-study-of-different-reference-equations
#19
Joana Belo, Teresa Palmeiro, Iolanda Caires, Ana L Papoila, Marta Alves, Pedro Carreiro-Martins, Maria A Botelho, Nuno Neuparth
Background: Spirometry is the single most important test for the evaluation of respiratory function. The results are interpreted by comparing measured data with predicted values previously obtained from a reference population. Reference equations for spirometry have been discussed previously. The aim of this study was to compare reference values based on National Health and Nutrition Assessment Survey (NHANES III), European Community of Steel and Coal (ECSC), and Global Lung Initiative (GLI) equations in an elderly sample population...
2018: Multidisciplinary Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318009/assessment-of-osteoporosis-using-the-frax-method-and-the-importance-of-vitamin-d-levels-in-copd-patients
#20
Ceyda Anar, Melike Yüksel Yavuz, Filiz Güldaval, Yelda Varol, Dilek Kalenci
Background: The aim of this paper was to evaluate the availability of FRAX for assessing osteoporosis risk, and to demonstrate the importance of vitamin D levels in COPD patients. Methods: Fourty-six males who fulfilled the COPD diagnostic criteria defined by GOLD were included. Age, race, BMI, physical activity frequency, smoking and dietary habits, age at COPD diagnosis, disease duration, fractures history, and medications use were determined. Levels of 25(OH)D were detected...
2018: Multidisciplinary Respiratory Medicine
journal
journal
42043
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"