journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Advances in Urology

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744308/recent-pathophysiological-aspects-of-peyronie-s-disease-role-of-free-radicals-rationale-and-therapeutic-implications-for-antioxidant-treatment-literature-review
#1
REVIEW
Gianni Paulis, Gennaro Romano, Luca Paulis, Davide Barletta
Peyronie's disease (PD) is a chronic inflammation of tunica albuginea of the corpora cavernosa that causes an inelastic plaque resulting in penis deformation. Although its etiology is not completely known, there is general consensus that PD is genetically transmitted and secondary to penile trauma. In recent years, numerous studies demonstrated the role played by oxidative stress in PD pathogenesis, and other studies have described successful use of antioxidants in PD treatment. Oxidative stress is an integral part of this disease, influencing its progression...
2017: Advances in Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694823/the-persistence-of-silodosin-monotherapy-and-the-reasons-for-withdrawal-from-treatment-of-previously-untreated-japanese-patients-with-lower-urinary-tract-symptoms-suggestive-of-benign-prostatic-hyperplasia
#2
Yoshinori Tanaka, Yasushi Tanuma, Naoya Masumori
OBJECTIVES: The persistence of silodosin and the reasons for withdrawal from treatment of previously untreated Japanese patients with lower urinary tract symptoms suggestive of benign prostatic hyperplasia (LUTS/BPH) were evaluated in real-life clinical practice. METHODS: A total of 81 previously untreated Japanese patients diagnosed with LUTS/BPH were treated with silodosin monotherapy and prospectively followed for 4 years. The persistence rate was estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method...
2017: Advances in Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634489/a-study-of-patients-with-primary-mediastinal-germ-cell-tumors-treated-using-multimodal-therapy
#3
Yutaro Tanaka, Takehiko Okamura, Takashi Nagai, Daichi Kobayashi, Takahiro Kobayashi, Hidetoshi Akita, Yoshinobu Moritoki, Takahiro Yasui
OBJECTIVES: Primary mediastinal germ cell tumors (PMGCTs) are rare, which often makes them difficult to treat. Herein, we examined patients with PMGCTs who underwent multimodal treatment. METHODS: We examined 6 patients (median age: 25 years, range: 19-27 years) with PMGCTs who underwent multimodal treatment between April 2001 and March 2015. Three patients had seminomas, 2 patients had yolk sac tumors, and 1 patient had choriocarcinoma. The median observation period was 32...
2017: Advances in Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607553/study-of-testicular-structure-in-fetuses-with-prune-belly-syndrome
#4
Luciano A Favorito, Suelen F Costa, Waldemar S Costa, Rodrigo Vieiralves, Fabio O Bernardo, Francisco J B Sampaio
PURPOSE: To compare the structure of the testis in fetuses with prune belly syndrome (PBS) to normal controls. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We studied 6 testes obtained from 3 fetuses with PBS and 14 testes from 7 male fetuses. The testicular specimens were cut into 5-μm thick sections and stained with hematoxylin and eosin (HE), to observe the seminiferous tubules; Weigert's solution to observe elastic fibers; and picrosirius red to observe collagen. The images were captured with an Olympus BX51 microscope and Olympus DP70 camera...
2017: Advances in Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487733/do-routine-preoperative-and-intraoperative-urine-cultures-benefit-pediatric-vesicoureteral-reflux-surgery
#5
Daniel R Hettel, Bradley C Gill, Audrey C Rhee
Objective. To determine if routine preoperative and intraoperative urine cultures (UCx) are necessary in pediatric vesicoureteral (VUR) reflux surgery by identifying their association with each other, preoperative symptoms, and surgical outcomes. Materials and Methods. A retrospective review of patients undergoing ureteral reimplant(s) for primary VUR at a tertiary academic medical center between years 2000 and 2014 was done. Preoperative UCx were defined as those within 30 days before surgery. A positive culture was defined as >50,000 colony forming units of a single organism...
2017: Advances in Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28465682/incidence-of-urethral-stricture-in-patients-with-adult-acquired-buried-penis
#6
Aron Liaw, Lanette Rickborn, Christopher McClung
Introduction. Concealed-buried penis is an acquired condition associated with obesity, challenging to both manage and repair. Urethral stricture is a more common disorder with multiple etiologies. Lichen sclerosus is a significant known cause of urethral stricture, implicated in up to 30%. We hypothesize that patients with buried penis have a higher rate of urethral stricture and lichen sclerosus than the general population. Methods. We retrospectively reviewed a single surgeon's (CM) case logs for patients presenting with a buried penis...
2017: Advances in Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28348583/distribution-of-neuroendocrine-cells-in-the-transition-zone-of-the-prostate
#7
Yuki Kyoda, Koji Ichihara, Kohei Hashimoto, Ko Kobayashi, Fumimasa Fukuta, Naoya Masumori
Objectives. To evaluate the distribution of neuroendocrine (NE) cells which may influence the development of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) in the transition zone (TZ). Methods. We reviewed specimens from 80 patients who underwent radical prostatectomy in our institution and evaluated the density of NE cells in the TZ. They were histologically classified into 3 groups: those with no adenomatous nodule in the TZ (group A), those with small nodules with normal epithelium and stroma around them in the TZ (group B), and those with large nodules occupying the TZ (group C)...
2017: Advances in Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321250/percutaneous-nephrolithotomy-under-ultrasound-guidance-in-patients-with-renal-calculi-and-autosomal-dominant-polycystic-kidney-disease-a-report-of-11-cases
#8
Xiao Wang, Xuecheng Yang, Xiulong Zhong, Zhenlin Wang, Senyao Xue, Weifeng Yu, Zhen Dong
Nephrolithiasis accelerates the renal failure in the patients with ADPKD. In order to evaluate the role of percutaneous nephrolithotomy in management of calculus in these patients, 11 patients with autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease and renal stones were included in the study. Two patients had bilateral renal stones. All patients were treated by percutaneous nephrolithotomy under ultrasound guidance. 13 percutaneous nephrolithotomy procedures were performed in 1 stage by the urology team under ultrasound guidance...
2017: Advances in Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298923/impact-assessment-of-urethral-meatus-morphology-and-penile-biometry-in-transurethral-prostate-and-bladder-surgery
#9
Rodrigo Ribeiro Vieiralves, Paulo Henrique Pereira Conte, Eduardo Medina Felici, Nádia Cristina Pinheiro Rodrigues, Tomás Accioly de Souza, Francisco J B Sampaio, Luciano Alves Favorito
Objective. To analyze the penile and urethral meatus biometry and its correlation with meatoplasty during endoscopic resections. We also propose a new classification for urethral meatus morphology. Materials and Methods. We prospectively studied 105 patients who underwent prostate and bladder transurethral resections. We performed standardized measurement of penile and urethral meatus biometry followed by penile photo in the front position. The need to perform meatoplasty or dilatation during resectoscope introduction was registered...
2017: Advances in Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210271/the-effect-of-obesity-and-increased-waist-circumference-on-the-outcome-of-laparoscopic-nephrectomy
#10
D B Hennessey, E M Bolton, A Z Thomas, R P Manecksha, T H Lynch
Introduction. The prevalence of obesity is increasing worldwide. Obesity can be determined by body mass index (BMI); however waist circumference (WC) is a better measure of central obesity. This study evaluates the outcome of laparoscopic nephrectomy on patients with an abnormal WC. Methods. A WC of >88 cm for women and >102 cm for men was defined as obese. Data collected included age, gender, American Society of Anaesthesiologists (ASA) score, renal function, anaesthetic duration, surgery duration, blood loss, complications, and duration of hospital stay...
2017: Advances in Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167960/addition-of-ceftriaxone-and-amikacin-to-a-ciprofloxacin-plus-metronidazole-regimen-for-preventing-infectious-complications-of-transrectal-ultrasound-guided-prostate-biopsy-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
Mohammad-Hossein Izadpanahi, Kia Nouri-Mahdavi, Seyed Mahmood Majidi, Mohammad-Hatef Khorrami, Farshid Alizadeh, Mehrdad Mohammadi-Sichani
Background. The objective of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of adding single doses of ceftriaxone and amikacin to a ciprofloxacin plus metronidazole regimen on the reduction of infectious complications following transrectal ultrasound-guided prostate biopsy (TRUS Bx). Materials and Methods. Four hundred and fifty patients who were candidates for TRUS Bx were divided into two groups of 225 each. The control group received ciprofloxacin 500 mg orally every 12 hours together with metronidazole 500 mg orally every 8 hours from the day prior to the procedure until the fifth postoperative day...
2017: Advances in Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096812/does-leaving-the-biopsy-needle-in-povidone-iodine-solution-reduce-infective-complications-after-biopsy
#12
Erdal Benli, Abdullah Cirakoglu, Ercan Ogreden, Yeliz Cetinkol, Mustafa Kerem Calgin, Ali Ayyildiz, Ahmet Yüce
Aim. The aim of this study is to evaluate whether leaving the biopsy needle used during prostate needle biopsy in 10% povidone-iodine (betadine) solution affects the infectious complications forming after biopsy. Material and Method. This study retrospectively evaluated the data of 176 patients with prostate biopsy performed between December 2012 and April 2014. Patients in Group 1 (n = 89) were given ofloxacin as a prophylactic antibiotic before biopsy. Patients in Group 2 (n = 87) had the biopsy needle left in povidone-iodine solution for 1 minute before each use, in addition to antibiotic prophylaxis...
2016: Advances in Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28044076/quality-of-health-information-on-the-internet-for-urolithiasis-on-the-google-search-engine
#13
Dwayne T S Chang, Robert Abouassaly, Nathan Lawrentschuk
Purpose. To compare the quality of health information on the Internet for keywords related to urolithiasis, to assess for difference in information quality across four main Western languages, and to compare the source of sponsorship in these websites. Methods. Health On the Net (HON) Foundation principles were utilised to determine quality information. Fifteen keywords related to urolithiasis were searched on the Google search engine. The first 150 websites were assessed against the HON principles and the source of sponsorship determined...
2016: Advances in Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28044075/radiofrequency-ablation-assisted-zero-ischemia-robotic-laparoscopic-partial-nephrectomy-oncologic-and-functional-outcomes-in-49-patients
#14
Kalen Rimar, Aziz Khambati, Barry B McGuire, David A Rebuck, Kent T Perry, Robert B Nadler
Introduction and Objectives. Robotic partial nephrectomy with peritumoral radiofrequency ablation (RFA-RPN) is a novel clampless technique. We describe oncologic and functional outcomes in a prospective cohort. Methods. From May, 2007, to December, 2009, 49 consecutive patients with renal masses <7 cm underwent RFA-RPN. During this period, only the RFA-RPN technique was utilized for all cases of partial nephrectomy. Pre- and postoperative data were analyzed and compared to 36 consecutive patients who underwent LPN...
2016: Advances in Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042293/corrigendum-to-hdr-brachytherapy-in-the-management-of-high-risk-prostate-cancer
#15
Susan Masson, Raj Persad, Amit Bahl
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1155/2012/980841.].
2016: Advances in Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018427/successful-nonoperative-management-of-high-grade-blunt-renal-injuries
#16
Allison M May, Oussama Darwish, Brian Dang, John J Monda, Prajakta Adsul, Johar Syed, Sameer A Siddiqui
Current management of high-grade blunt renal trauma favors a nonoperative approach when possible. We performed a retrospective study of high grade blunt renal injuries at our level I trauma center to determine the indications and success of nonoperative management (NOM). 47 patients with blunt grade IV or V injuries were identified between October 2004 and December 2013. Immediate operative patients (IO) were compared to nonoperatively managed (NOM). Of the 47 patients, 3 (6.4%) were IO and 44 (95.6%) NOM. IO patients had a higher heart rate on admission, 133 versus 100 in NOM (P = 0...
2016: Advances in Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003822/guy-s-stone-score-gss-based-on-intravenous-pyelogram-ivp-findings-predicting-upper-pole-access-percutaneous-nephrolithotomy-pcnl-outcomes
#17
Bannakij Lojanapiwat, Pattara Rod-Ong, Pruit Kitirattrakarn, Wilaiwan Chongruksut
Objective. To predict the success rate and complications following percutaneous nephrolithotomy via the upper pole using the Guy's Stone Score (GSS) based on the findings of a preoperative intravenous pyelogram (IVP). Patients and Methods. Two hundred and twenty-seven renal operations, which were carried out using PCNL via the upper pole, were classified according to the GSS assigned. Any complications were classified according to the Clavien classification. The success rates and incidence of any complications were compared between each GSS...
2016: Advances in Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27974887/the-single-wire-ureteral-access-sheath-both-safe-and-economical
#18
REVIEW
Joan C Delto, George Wayne, Ajaydeep Sidhu, Rafael Yanes, Akshay Bhandari, Alan M Nieder
Introduction. Novel disposable products for ureteroscopy are often inherently more expensive than conventional ones. For example, the Cook Flexor(©) Parallel™ (Flexor) access sheath is designed for ease and efficiency of gaining upper tract access with a solitary wire. We analyze the cost combinations, efficiency, and safety of disposable products utilized for upper tract access, including the Flexor and standard ureteral access sheath. Methods. We performed a retrospective review from January 2014 to October 2014 of patients undergoing URS for nephrolithiasis, who were prestented for various reasons (e...
2016: Advances in Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27840637/pharmacological-relaxation-of-the-ureter-when-using-ureteral-access-sheaths-during-ureterorenoscopy-a-randomized-feasibility-study-in-a-porcine-model
#19
Søren Kissow Lildal, Kim Hovgaard Andreassen, Frederikke Eichner Christiansen, Helene Jung, Malene Roland Pedersen, Palle Jörn Sloth Osther
Objective. High intraluminal pressure during ureterorenoscopy (URS) increases risk of infectious and haemorrhagic complications. Intrarenal pressure may be reduced by the use of ureteral access sheaths (UASs), which on the other hand may cause ureteral damage. We have previously shown that the β-agonist isoproterenol (ISO), when administered topically in the irrigation fluid, is able to inhibit ureteral muscle tone and lower intrarenal pressure during URS. The aim of this study was to examine the effect of ISO on the success rate of UAS insertion in a porcine model...
2016: Advances in Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829833/unusual-presentation-of-duplex-kidneys-ureteropelvic-junction-obstruction
#20
Cemile Başdaş, Süleyman Çelebi, Seyithan Özaydın, Birgül Karaaslan, Elmas Reyhan Alim, Ünal Güvenç, Serdar Sander
Aim. Ureteropelvic junction obstruction (UPJO) is rarely associated with a duplex collecting system. We review this unusual anomaly in terms of presentation, diagnostic evaluation, and surgical management. Method. We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of patients diagnosed with a duplex system with UPJO. Result. Sixteen patients (6 girls, 10 boys) with 18 moieties were treated surgically and four patients were treated conservatively. The median age at surgery was two years (range, 2 months to 7 years)...
2016: Advances in Urology
journal
journal
42025
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"