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Deutsches Ärzteblatt International

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669379/the-prevalence-of-gestational-diabetes
#1
Hanne Melchior, Diana Kurch-Bek, Monika Mund
BACKGROUND: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is defined as a glucose tolerance disorder that arises during pregnancy. Estimates of its prevalence vary widely because of varying threshold values. Screening of all pregnant women with a two-step test has been available in Germany since 2012. This study is the first population-based, nationwide analysis of the screening coverage and the resulting one-year prevalence. METHODS: Billing data from the outpatient sector were analyzed for all persons covered by statutory health insurance in the two-year period 2014-2015...
July 16, 2017: Deutsches Ärzteblatt International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669378/night-work-and-the-risk-of-depression
#2
Peter Angerer, Renate Schmook, Irina Elfantel, Jian Li
BACKGROUND: Working the night shift interferes with the circadian chronobiological rhythm, causing sleep disturbances, fatigue, and diminished wellbeing, and increases the risk of serious disease. The question whether night work increases the risk of depression has not been adequately studied to date. METHODS: We carried out a systematic, broadly conceived literature search in the PubMed, Scopus, PsycINFO, and PSYNDEX databases and the Medpilot search portal on the topic of nighttime shift work and mental illness...
July 16, 2017: Deutsches Ärzteblatt International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669377/data-sharing-statements-for-clinical-trials
#3
EDITORIAL
Darren B Taichman, Peush Sahni, Anja Pinborg, Larry Peiperl, Christine Laine, Astrid James, Sung-Tae Hong, Abraham Haileamlak, Laragh Gollogly, Fiona Godlee, Frank A Frizelle, Fernando Florenzano, Jeffrey M Drazen, Howard Bauchner, Christopher Baethge, Joyce Backus
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 16, 2017: Deutsches Ärzteblatt International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764839/in-reply
#4
Alexander Niecke
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 10, 2017: Deutsches Ärzteblatt International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764838/additional-points-need-to-be-raised
#5
Frank P Meyer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 10, 2017: Deutsches Ärzteblatt International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764837/supportive-treatments-for-patients-with-cancer
#6
Karin Jordan, Petra Feyer, Ulrike Höller, Hartmut Link, Bernhard Wörmann, Franziska Jahn
BACKGROUND: For the treatment of patients with cancer to be successful and well-tolerated, the complications and side effects of the disease and its treatment must be treated and limited as far as possible. Summarized recommendations based on the constantly increasing evidence in the area of supportive care must be defined, standardized, and communicated. METHODS: We systematically reviewed the literature on the topics of anemia, neutropenia, nausea/vomiting, diarrhea, oral mucositis, skin toxicity, and peripheral neurotoxicity induced by cancer treatment, as well as osseous complications, extravasation, and side effects of radiotherapy...
July 10, 2017: Deutsches Ärzteblatt International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764836/aspirin-before-elective-surgery-stop-or-continue
#7
Lili Plümer, Moritz Seiffert, Mark Andree Punke, Jan Felix Kersten, Stefan Blankenberg, Christian Zöllner, Martin Petzoldt
BACKGROUND: Cessation of long-term aspirin treatment before noncardiac surgery can cause adverse cardiac events in patients at risk, particularly in those with previous percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI) with stent implantation. The factors influencing the clinical decision to stop aspirin treatment are currently unknown. METHODS: In a single-center, cross-sectional study (retrospective registration: NCT03049566) carried out from February to December 2014, we took a survey among patients scheduled for noncardiac surgery who were under long-term aspirin treatment, and among their treating anesthesiologists using standardized questionnaires on preoperative aspirin use, comorbidities, and risk-benefit assessments...
July 10, 2017: Deutsches Ärzteblatt International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764835/the-cobblestone-sign-in-a-child-with-crohn-s-disease
#8
Julia Ortwein, Jan de Laffolie, Klaus-Peter Zimmer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 10, 2017: Deutsches Ärzteblatt International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764834/microbial-load-in-septic-and-aseptic-procedure-rooms
#9
Julian-Camill Harnoss, Ojan Assadian, Markus Karl Diener, Thomas Müller, Romy Baguhl, Markus Dettenkofer, Lukas Scheerer, Thomas Kohlmann, Claus-Dieter Heidecke, Stephan Gessner, Markus Wolfgang Büchler, Axel Kramer
BACKGROUND: Highly effective measures to prevent surgical wound infections have been established over the last two decades. We studied whether the strict separation of septic and aseptic procedure rooms is still necessary. METHODS: In an exploratory, prospective observational study, the microbial concentration in an operating room without a room ventilating system (RVS) was analyzed during 16 septic and 14 aseptic operations with the aid of an air sampler (50 cm and 1 m from the operative field) and sedimentation plates (1 m from the operative field, and contact culture on the walls)...
July 10, 2017: Deutsches Ärzteblatt International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764833/the-separation-of-septic-and-aseptic-surgical-areas-is-obsolete
#10
EDITORIAL
Peter Bischoff, Petra Gastmeier
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 10, 2017: Deutsches Ärzteblatt International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705301/in-reply
#11
Winfried Meißner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 30, 2017: Deutsches Ärzteblatt International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705300/prescribing-behavior-is-a-cause
#12
Friedrich C Luft
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 30, 2017: Deutsches Ärzteblatt International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705299/dehydration-the-pharynx-is-affected-as-well
#13
Jochen Keller, Herbert F Durwen, Hans Jürgen Heppner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 30, 2017: Deutsches Ärzteblatt International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705298/methamphetamine-related-disorders
#14
Euphrosyne Gouzoulis-Mayfrank, Roland Härtel-Petri, Willem Hamdorf, Ursula Havemann-Reinecke, Stephan Mühlig, Norbert Wodarz
BACKGROUND: Methamphetamine is considered more dangerous than other stimulants because of its acute complications, long-term neurotoxicity, and potential for drug dependence. Until now, there have been no evidence-based guidelines for the treatment of methamphetamine-related disorders, either in Germany or abroad. METHODS: A systematic literature search was performed on the treatment of methamphetamine-related disorders. Based on this literature review, a multidisciplinary expert panel developed recommendations using the nominal group technique...
June 30, 2017: Deutsches Ärzteblatt International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705297/the-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-behavioral-disorders-in-dementia
#15
Torsten Kratz
BACKGROUND: Behavioral disorders such as aggressiveness, agitation, delusions, disinhibition, affect lability, and apathy arise in more than 90% of patients with dementia. Behavioral disorders are a major challenge and the greatest stress factor in everyday life for nursing personnel and for family members caring for the patient. METHODS: This review is based on relevant publications retrieved by a selective literature search in the PubMed, Cochrane Library, and German S3 guideline databases with the search terms "behavioral disorders," "non-cognitive disorders," and "challenging behavior," in conjunction with "dementia" and "behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia...
June 30, 2017: Deutsches Ärzteblatt International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705296/free-air-in-the-abdomen
#16
Felix K Kiehn, Marc Höppner, Jörg Glatzle
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 30, 2017: Deutsches Ärzteblatt International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705295/strength-training-for-women-as-a-vehicle-for-health-promotion-at-work
#17
Kai Nestler, Alexander Witzki, Ulrich Rohde, Thomas Rüther, Kim Alexander Tofaute, Dieter Leyk
BACKGROUND: Women, on average, have less muscle strength than men. This anthropometric-physiological trait may make them more vulnerable to ex - cessive physical strain, injury, and inability to work. Strength training is used for preventive health maintenance and to lessen musculoskeletal symptoms. In this context, we studied whether the degree of muscle strength has any effect on women's health in everyday working life, and also the effects of strength training for women on their health in the workplace...
June 30, 2017: Deutsches Ärzteblatt International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683860/latent-hypothyroidism-in-adults
#18
Jeannine Schübel, Joachim Feldkamp, Antje Bergmann, Wolfgang Drossard, Karen Voigt
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of latent/subclinical hypothyroidism is between 3% and 10%, according to epidemiologic studies that have been carried out in the USA, the United Kingdom, and Denmark. As persons with latent hypo - thyroidism are often asymptomatic, the diagnosis is often made incidentally in routine laboratory testing. METHODS: This review is based on a selective search in PubMed for publications on the diagnosis and treatment of latent hypothyroidism...
June 23, 2017: Deutsches Ärzteblatt International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683859/very-severe-secondary-sclerosing-cholangitis-as-a-sequela-of-influenza
#19
Sven Pischke, Lutz Fischer, Ansgar W Lohse
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 23, 2017: Deutsches Ärzteblatt International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683858/in-reply
#20
Christian J Bachmann, Alexandra Philipsen, Falk Hoffmann
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 23, 2017: Deutsches Ärzteblatt International
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