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Deutsches Ärzteblatt International

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30189978/arterial-hypertension
#1
Jens Jordan, Christine Kurschat, Hannes Reuter
BACKGROUND: Essential arterial hypertension is one of the main treatable cardiovascular risk factors. In Germany, approximately 13% of women and 18% of men have uncontrolled high blood pressure (≥ 140/90 mmHg). METHODS: This review is based on pertinent publications retrieved by a selective literature search in PubMed. RESULTS: Arterial hypertension is diagnosed when repeated measurements in a doctor's office yield values of 140/90 mmHg or higher...
August 20, 2018: Deutsches Ärzteblatt International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30189977/in-reply
#2
Vasiliki Koretsi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 20, 2018: Deutsches Ärzteblatt International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30189976/false-comparison-and-interdisciplinary-approach-is-lacking
#3
Hans Pistner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 20, 2018: Deutsches Ärzteblatt International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30189975/the-peppered-brain-stem
#4
Martin Alexander Schaller, Christian Foerch, Marlies Wagner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 20, 2018: Deutsches Ärzteblatt International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30189974/depressive-symptoms-in-adolescents
#5
Lutz Wartberg, Levente Kriston, Rainer Thomasius
BACKGROUND: In this study, we determined the current prevalence of depressive symptoms in adolescents in Germany. METHODS: A sample of 1001 adolescents aged 12 to 17 that was representative for Germany was surveyed in August and September 2017 through telephone interviews about depressive symptoms in the two weeks leading up to the interview and about the subjects' psychosocial features. The instrument that was used, called DesTeen, includes questions about depressed mood, loss of interest, loss of energy, feelings of worthlessness, guilt feelings, and cognitive symptoms...
August 20, 2018: Deutsches Ärzteblatt International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30189973/the-effect-of-ambulance-response-time-on-survival-following-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest
#6
Andreas Bürger, Jan Wnent, Andreas Bohn, Tanja Jantzen, Sigrid Brenner, Rolf Lefering, Stephan Seewald, Jan-Thorsten Gräsner, Matthias Fischer
BACKGROUND: Out of hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) is one of the more common causes of death in Germany. Ambulance response time is an important planning parameter for emergency medical services (EMS) systems. We studied the effect of ambulance response time on survival after resuscitation from OHCA. METHODS: We analyzed data from the German Resuscitation Registry for the years 2010-2016. First, we used a multivariate logistic regression analysis to determine the effect of ambulance response time (defined as the interval from the alarm to the arrival of the first rescue vehicle) on the hospital-discharge rate (in percent), depending on various factors, including resuscitation by bystanders...
August 20, 2018: Deutsches Ärzteblatt International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30149835/hodgkin-lymphoma-in-adults
#7
Paul J Bröckelmann, Dennis A Eichenauer, Tina Jakob, Markus Follmann, Andreas Engert, Nicole Skoetz
BACKGROUND: Hodgkin lymphoma is the most common neoplasm in young adults, with an incidence of 2 to 3 cases per 100 000 persons per year. Risk-adapted chemotherapy and radiotherapy usually lead to cure. Finding ways to lessen the treatment- associated morbidity and mortality is a major goal of current research. METHODS: For the creation of an updated guideline (DKH grant number 111778), a systematic literature search was carried out in medical databases (MEDLINE, CENTRAL) and guideline databases (GIN) (search dates: January 2012 to June 2017)...
August 6, 2018: Deutsches Ärzteblatt International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30149834/black-aortic-valve-stenosis-reveals-a-rare-disorder-of-tyrosine-metabolism
#8
Nawras Diab, Wolfgang Zeh, Friedhelm Beyersdorf
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 6, 2018: Deutsches Ärzteblatt International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30149833/adrenaline-in-the-acute-treatment-of-anaphylaxis
#9
Johannes Ring, Ludger Klimek, Margitta Worm
BACKGROUND: Anaphylaxis is the most serious manifestation of an immediate allergic reaction and the most common emergency event in allergology. Adrenaline (epi- nephrine) is the mainstay of acute pharmacotherapy for this complication. Although epinephrine has been in use for more than a century, physicians and patients are often unsure and inadequately informed about its proper administration and dosing in everyday situations. METHODS: This review is based on pertinent publications from the period 1 January 2012 to 30 September 2017 that were retrieved, on the basis of the existing guide- lines of 2007 and 2014, by a PubMed search employing the keywords "anaphylaxis treatment," "allergic shock," "adrenaline," and "epinephrine," as well as on further ar- ticles from the literature...
August 6, 2018: Deutsches Ärzteblatt International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30149832/amour-fou-at-age-77
#10
Antonia Lüttge, Tom Bschor
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 6, 2018: Deutsches Ärzteblatt International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30149831/differences-in-breast-cancer-characteristics-by-mammography-screening-participation-or-non-participation
#11
Bettina Braun, Laura Khil, Joke Tio, Barbara Krause-Bergmann, Andrea Fuhs, Oliver Heidinger, Hans-Werner Hense
BACKGROUND: The goal of the German Mammography Screening Program (MSP) is to enable the early detection and less intensive treatment of breast cancer. We compared tumor characteristics and prognostic markers in breast cancers that were detected by screening in the MSP, in the interval after a negative screening, or among non-participants in screening. METHODS: This retrospective series includes all of the 1531 cases of invasive and in situ breast cancer (DCIS, ductal carcinoma in situ) that were newly diagnosed in two certified breast care centers in Münster in the period 2006-2012 among women in the MSP target population...
August 6, 2018: Deutsches Ärzteblatt International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30149830/endoscopic-or-surgical-resection-for-gastro-esophageal-cancer
#12
Ines Gockel, Albrecht Hoffmeister
BACKGROUND: Early gastro-esophageal cancer is staged as m1 to m3 depending on the infiltration of the anatomical layers of the mucosa or, analogously, as sm1 to sm3 depending on the depth of infiltration into the submucosa. The risk of lymph node metastases is low in mucosal carcinoma but increases with the depth of infiltration into the submucosa. METHODS: This review is based on pertinent publications retrieved by a selective search in MEDLINE, PubMed, the Cochrane Library, and the International Standard Randomised Controlled Trial Number (ISRCTN) registry...
August 6, 2018: Deutsches Ärzteblatt International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30135011/drug-hypersensitivity
#13
Ruwen Böhm, Ehrhardt Proksch, Thomas Schwarz, Ingolf Cascorbi
BACKGROUND: Adverse drug reactions (ADRs) can be divided into pharmacological ADRs (type A) and hypersensitivity reactions (type B). Type B reactions can be further subdivided into immediate (<1 h, urticaria, anaphylaxis) and delayed reactions (>1 h, variable manifestation like exanthema, hepatitis, cytopenias). Prevention of hypersensitivity is often still a challenge. METHODS: Selective literature search in Medline and Google Scholar as well as research in ADR databases like OpenVigil or SIDER...
July 23, 2018: Deutsches Ärzteblatt International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30135010/biotin-interference-in-the-measurement-of-thyroid-hormone
#14
Viktoria F Köhler, Ulrike Mann, W Alexander Mann
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 23, 2018: Deutsches Ärzteblatt International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30135009/antibiotic-resistant-e-coli-in-uncomplicated-community-acquired-urinary-tract-infection
#15
Anja Klingeberg, Ines Noll, Niklas Willrich, Marcel Feig, Dagmar Emrich, Edith Zill, Annegret Krenz-Weinreich, Wiltrud Kalka-Moll, Klaus Oberdorfer, Guido Schmiemann, Tim Eckmanns
BACKGROUND: Routine urine culture testing is not recommended for uncomplicated urinary tract infections (UTIs). As a result, the antibiotic resistance patterns or the organisms causing UTIs are not adequately reflected in routine data. We studied the sensitivity of Escherichia coli (E. coli) to trimethoprim (TMP) and to cotrimoxazole (i.e., trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole, TMP/SMX) in community-acquired UTI and compared the findings with the resistance data of the Antimicrobial Resistance Surveillance System (ARS)...
July 23, 2018: Deutsches Ärzteblatt International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30135008/therapeutic-treatment-for-abdominal-obesity-in-adults
#16
Dorothea Kesztyüs, Julia Erhardt, Dorothée Schönsteiner, Tibor Kesztyüs
BACKGROUND: Abdominal obesity, an accumulation of fat in the abdominal region, is a risk factor for several non-communicable diseases. This review aims to identify non-surgical treatment options for abdominal obesity in adults. Interventions with behavioral, dietary, physical activity, or pharmaceutical components were compared to control conditions. METHODS: A systematic literature research for randomized controlled trials was conducted in Medline, Embase, and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials according to a prespecified and registered protocol (PROSPERO CRD42017057898)...
July 23, 2018: Deutsches Ärzteblatt International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30135007/a-rare-type-of-thyroid-mass-with-acute-dyspnea
#17
Marie-Luise Kromrey, Jens Peter Kühn, Andreas Hoene
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 23, 2018: Deutsches Ärzteblatt International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30135006/the-impact-of-cancer-screening-on-all-cause-mortality
#18
Andreas Stang, Karl-Heinz Jöckel
BACKGROUND: It is a matter of debate whether, and if so, to what extent, cancer screening programs reduce all-cause mortality. Against this backdrop, we analyzed potential effects of several cancer screening approaches on all-cause mortality in two representative Western European populations. METHODS: We used mortality data from the UK (England &Wales) and Germany from 2015 and published figures from screening studies on relative reduction in mortality for screened cancers to calculate the expected decline in all-cause mortality in these countries...
July 23, 2018: Deutsches Ärzteblatt International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30064634/in-reply
#19
Reiner Hanewinkel, Matthis Morgenstern
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 9, 2018: Deutsches Ärzteblatt International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30064633/e-cigarettes-and-quitting-tobacco
#20
Peter Pommer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 9, 2018: Deutsches Ärzteblatt International
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