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Patient Preference and Adherence

Huijing Wang, Le Zhang, Zhe Liu, Xiaodong Wang, Shikai Geng, Jiaoyu Li, Ting Li, Shuang Ye
Purpose: The aim of this study was to develop and internally validate a medication nonadherence risk nomogram in a Chinese population of patients with inflammatory rheumatic diseases. Patients and methods: We developed a prediction model based on a training dataset of 244 IRD patients, and data were collected from March 2016 to May 2016. Adherence was evaluated using 19-item Compliance Questionnaire Rheumatology. The least absolute shrinkage and selection operator regression model was used to optimize feature selection for the medication nonadherence risk model...
2018: Patient Preference and Adherence
Kathryn King-Shier, Hude Quan, Charles Mather, Elaine Chong, Pamela LeBlanc, Nadia Khan
Background: There are ethno-cultural differences in cardiac patients' adherence to medications. It is unclear why this occurs. We thus aimed to generate an in-depth understanding about the decision-making process and potential ethno-cultural differences, of white, Chinese, and south Asian cardiac patients when making the decision to adhere to a medication regimen. Methods: A hierarchical descriptive decision-model was generated based on previous qualitative work, pilot tested, and revised to be more parsimonious...
2018: Patient Preference and Adherence
Xian Du, Qian Zhao, Yuan Zhuang, Haoyang Chen, Biyu Shen
Objective: Fatigue is a very common symptom of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), which significantly impairs patients' quality of life. The purpose of this study is to evaluate contributors of fatigue and effects of fatigue on the quality of life in Chinese SLE patients. Methods: A survey of 119 SLE patients using the Fatigue Severity Scale (FSS) to assess the severity of fatigue was carried out. SLE patients completed the Systemic Lupus Erythematosus Disease Activity Index, the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, the Short Form 36 health survey and the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index...
2018: Patient Preference and Adherence
Bach Xuan Tran, Victoria L Boggiano, Long Hoang Nguyen, Carl A Latkin, Huong Lan Thi Nguyen, Tung Thanh Tran, Huong Thi Le, Thuc Thi Minh Vu, Cyrus Sh Ho, Roger Cm Ho
Background: Media representation of vaccine side effects impacts the success of immunization programs globally. Exposure to the media can cause individuals to feel hesitant toward, or even refuse, vaccines. This study aimed to explore the impact of the media on beliefs and behaviors regarding vaccines and vaccine side effects in an urban clinic in Vietnam. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in an urban vaccination clinic in Hanoi, Vietnam from November 2015 to March 2016...
2018: Patient Preference and Adherence
Shikha Gupta, Mary Ann McColl, Sara J Guilcher, Karen Smith
Purpose: The evidence is emerging that prescription medications are the topmost drivers of increasing health care costs in Canada. The financial burden of medications may lead individuals to adopt various rationing or restrictive behaviors, such as cost-related nonadherence (CRNA) to medications. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to provide an overview of the type, extent, and quantity of research available on CRNA to prescription drugs in Canada, and evaluate existing gaps in the literature...
2018: Patient Preference and Adherence
Jacinthe Lemay, Mohammad Waheedi, Sarah Al-Sharqawi, Tania Bayoud
Background: Several medicines are prescribed for chronic disease management; however, adherence to long-term therapy remains poor. Culture influences beliefs about medications and, ultimately, adherence to treatment. There is a paucity of data with regard to beliefs about medications in the Middle East region, and it remains to be determined how these beliefs would impact treatment adherence. Objectives: To investigate the relationship between patients' beliefs about medications with self-reported adherence to treatment among a chronically ill multicultural patient population...
2018: Patient Preference and Adherence
Fang-Fang Zhao, Riitta Suhonen, Jouko Katajisto, Helena Leino-Kilpi
Purpose: Many people with type 2 diabetes (T2DM) do not sustain sufficient diabetes-related self-care activities (DRSCA) in their daily lives. To provide additional information about the positive influence of DRSCA, this study was conducted to examine whether DRSCA were associated with reduced perceived stress, anxiety, and fatigue among people with T2DM and to explore the level of DRSCA, perceived stress, anxiety, and fatigue and their association with background information. Patients and methods: This study was a cross-sectional survey including 251 participants aged 18 years and older recruited from two hospitals in the eastern part of China...
2018: Patient Preference and Adherence
Richard Huan Xu, Annie Wai-Ling Cheung, Eliza Lai-Yi Wong
Objective: The objective of this study was to develop, pilot test, and psychometrically validate a patient engagement questionnaire, called Patient Engagement Index (PEI), in Hong Kong, China. Method: The method employed was based on a patient engagement framework and literature review and expert panel discussion. A new measure named PEI with 20 items divided into five factors was developed. A pilot study of 40 patients was used to confirm the clarity of PEI. Explored factor analysis was used to confirm the construct validity...
2018: Patient Preference and Adherence
Ahmad S Alzahrani, Abdullah Alqahtani, Maher Alhazmi, Rehab Gaafar, Doaa Bajabir, Ibtehaj M Alharbi, Ashwaq Mf Alharbi, Ghufran Kheshaifaty, Aamer Alzahrani
Objectives: Particularly in the Middle East, few studies have explored the attitude of cancer patients and their families toward cancer diagnosis disclosure (CDD). This study was conducted to investigate the preference and attitude of a sample of cancer patients and their families in Saudi Arabia toward CDD. Methods: We constructed a questionnaire based on previous studies. The questionnaire assessed preference and attitude toward CDD. Participants were recruited from the King Abdullah Medical City, which has one of the largest cancer centers in Saudi Arabia...
2018: Patient Preference and Adherence
Salwa Mahmoud Taibah
Background: Professionalism was recognized as a fundamental competency of medical/dental practice at the beginning of the twenty-first century. Organizations and experts published several definitions of professionalism, but research on patients' perception of professionalism has been limited. To address this gap in literature, this study explored dental patients' perception of dental professionalism, and then compared their perception with that of dental professionals. Methods: Of the 800 questionnaires that were distributed to dental patients in public and private clinics and hospitals, 504 were returned and were used in the analysis...
2018: Patient Preference and Adherence
Xiaowu Wang, Bo Xu, Hongliang Liang, Shuyun Jiang, Hongmei Tan, Xinrong Wang, Xia Wang, Shiqiang Yu, Jincheng Liu
Purpose: Oral warfarin anticoagulation is a long-term treatment that is required after heart valve replacement. This treatment can prevent serious complications, such as embolism, thereby increasing patients' postoperative survival rates and quality of life. Patients treated with artificial mechanical heart valve replacement were followed up over the phone at different times after the procedure, which is an effective method for preventing accidents related to postoperative oral warfarin anticoagulation...
2018: Patient Preference and Adherence
Sayako Akiyama, Amir Goren, Enrique Basurto, Tetsushi Komori, Tasuku Harada
Purpose: To examine patient preferences for oral and intrauterine system treatments for dysmenorrhea in Japan. Patients and methods: A discrete choice experiment was conducted to assess the willingness to accept trade-offs among hypothetical treatment profiles. An internet-based survey was administered to women 18-49 years of age who self-reported a dysmenorrhea diagnosis or experienced dysmenorrhea at least once in the past 6 months (N=309). Choice questions included pairs of treatments presented with different attributes: mode of administration, reduction in bleeding after 6 months, chance of symptoms becoming "improved", nausea, weight gain, irregular bleeding, and risk of venous thromboembolism...
2018: Patient Preference and Adherence
Fouad Fayad, Nelly R Ziade, Georges Merheb, Said Attoui, Alla Aiko, Kamel Mroue, Abdel Fattah Masri
Introduction: To investigate the treatment preferences of patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and determine whether these preferences are related to specific disease characteristics. Method: A national survey was designed to collect demographic, disease, treatment, and preference data on RA patients enrolled in 7 private and university hospital clinics in Lebanon. Associations between patient factors and treatment preferences for RA were analyzed by χ 2 or Mann-Whitney U test...
2018: Patient Preference and Adherence
Roy Spijkerman, Michel Pj Teuben, Falco Hietbrink, William Lm Kramer, Luke Ph Leenen
Purpose: Asplenic patients are at increased risk for the development of overwhelming postsplenectomy infection (OPSI) syndrome. It is believed that adequate immunization, antimicrobial prophylaxis, as well as appropriate education concerning risks on severe infection lead to the decreased incidence of OPSI. The aim of this study was to analyze the methods used to prevent OPSI in trauma patients splenectomized before the age of 18. Patients and methods: A retrospective, single-center study of all pediatric patients sustaining blunt splenic injury (BSI) managed at our level 1 trauma center from January 1979 to March 2012 was performed...
2018: Patient Preference and Adherence
Hyun Jeong Kim, Young-Mo Yang, Eun Joo Choi
Background: A number of symptomatic patients tend to use over-the-counter (OTC) medications and prescription medications. OTC medications can be easily obtained in pharmacies for self-treatment, but using OTC medications is not always safe and beneficial for patients. The aims of this study were to examine the use patterns of OTC medications and assess patients' perspectives regarding the use of OTC medications in Korean patients with chronic diseases. Patients and methods: A descriptive, cross-sectional survey was carried out with Korean patients who visited the community pharmacy, located at the southern region of South Korea, during September 2015...
2018: Patient Preference and Adherence
Zi Chen, Jing Geng, Mian Wang, Liu Hu, Gabriela Lima de Melo Ghisi, Huidan Yu
Objectives: It is necessary to assess disease-related knowledge in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) for tailored patient education; however there is a lack of a well-validated measurement in China. The objective of this study was to translate and validate a Chinese version of the Coronary Artery Disease Education Questionnaire-II (CADEQ-II). Methods: The Chinese version of CADEQ-II was translated and culturally adapted. Then, it was tested for psychometric properties through a convenient sampling...
2018: Patient Preference and Adherence
Qiangqiang Wu, Jie Zhong
Aim: To explore the demands for different disease-related information and the acceptance of various information sources in patients with Crohn's disease (CD). Methods: This study included 159 patients with CD and was conducted from April 2017 to December 2017 in our hospital. We obtained the demographic characteristics of the patients and used the modified information demands questionnaire to assess patients' disease information demands, covering 4 aspects which include general knowledge, fertility, clinical treatment, and daily management...
2018: Patient Preference and Adherence
Yuka Hasebe, Kenji Kashiwagi, Toyoaki Tsumura, Yasuyuki Suzuki, Keiji Yoshikawa, Hirotaka Suzumura, Toshine Maeda, Ryuji Takeda, Hitomi Saito, Makoto Araie
Purpose: We investigated patient adherence and factors related to a newly introduced prostaglandin analog and timolol fixed-combination eye drops (PGTFC). Patients and methods: The Glaucoma Research on Adherence to fixed-Combination Eye drops in Japan (GRACE) study group performed a nationwide prospective questionnaire survey. Participants in this study were patients with glaucoma who were scheduled to receive any type of PGTFC for the first time. The participants answered a questionnaire on the day of PGTFC introduction and again at a return visit 4-6 weeks after PGTFC introduction...
2018: Patient Preference and Adherence
Aleksandra Kołtuniuk, Joanna Rosińczuk
Background: Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic, inflammatory progressive demyelinating disease of the central nervous system. MS is one of the main causes of disability among young adults, and its management is a serious challenge for the healthcare system. Purpose: The main purpose of this study was to examine adherence to first-line disease-modifying therapy (DMT) in MS patients using the self-report Multiple Sclerosis Treatment Adherence Questionnaire (MS-TAQ)...
2018: Patient Preference and Adherence
Elke Ge Mathijssen, Milou van Heuckelum, Liset van Dijk, Marcia Vervloet, Simone Mt Zonnenberg, Johanna E Vriezekolk, Bart Jf van den Bemt
Objective: To comprehensively describe the identification, refinement, and selection of attributes and levels for a discrete choice experiment (DCE) on preferences of patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) regarding disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs). Methods: A mixed-methods approach, consisting of three consecutive steps: a literature review, expert recommendations, and focus groups. Attributes and levels were identified by a scoping review and compiled into a list that was evaluated on its relevance by an expert panel...
2018: Patient Preference and Adherence
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