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Patient Preference and Adherence

Tomaž Nerat, Igor Locatelli, Mitja Kos
INTRODUCTION: Type 2 diabetes is a major burden for the payer, however, with proper medication adherence, diet and exercise regime, complication occurrence rates, and consequently costs can be altered. AIMS: The aim of this study was to conduct a cost-effectiveness analysis on real patient data and evaluate which medication adherence or lifestyle intervention is less cost demanding for the payer. METHODS: Medline was searched systematically for published type 2 diabetes interventions regarding medication adherence and lifestyle in order to determine their efficacies, that were then used in the cost-effectiveness analysis...
2016: Patient Preference and Adherence
Ting-Ting Zhao, Ling-Ling Zhu, Meng Chen, Quan Zhou
BACKGROUND: According to prescribing information for Myrtol standardized enteric-coated soft capsules, the medicine should be taken on an empty stomach. Some patients may experience stomach discomfort after oral administration in fasted state and would prefer to take the medicine after a meal. However, there is no literature addressing the effect of meal on absorption of this drug; therefore, it is desirable to explore the feasibility of taking the capsule after a meal from pharmacokinetic perspective...
2016: Patient Preference and Adherence
Anika Sparla, Sebastian Flach-Vorgang, Matthias Villalobos, Katja Krug, Martina Kamradt, Kadiatou Coulibaly, Joachim Szecsenyi, Michael Thomas, Sinikka Gusset-Bährer, Dominik Ose
PURPOSE: Lung cancer is a disease with a high percentage of patients diagnosed in an advanced stage. In a situation of palliative treatment, both patients and their relatives experience diverse types of distress and burden. Little research has been done to identify the individual difficulties and resources for patients with advanced lung cancer and their relatives. Especially, standardized questionnaire-based exploration may not assess the specific distressing issues that pertain to each individual on a personal level...
2016: Patient Preference and Adherence
Stephanie B Wheeler, Megan C Roberts, Diane Bloom, Katherine E Reeder-Hayes, Maya Espada, Jeffrey Peppercorn, Carol E Golin, Jo Anne Earp
PURPOSE: Adjuvant endocrine therapy (ET) can reduce the risk of recurrence among females with hormone receptor-positive breast cancer. Overall, initiation and adherence to ET are suboptimal, though reasons are not well described. The study's objective was to better understand ET decision making, prescribing, and patient management from oncology providers' perspectives. METHODS: Using purposive sampling, we recruited oncology providers who saw five or more breast cancer patients per week (n=20)...
2016: Patient Preference and Adherence
Rohit Kedia, Supriya Kulkarni, Meredith Ross, Vijay Shivaswamy
The dramatic rise in the prevalence of obesity and diabetes is associated with increased morbidity, mortality, and public health care costs worldwide. The need for new, effective, and long-lasting drugs is urgent. Recent research has focused on the role of the inhibitors of sodium- glucose co-transporter 2 (SGLT-2). Clinical trials have shown that SGLT-2 inhibitors have glycemic efficacy and weight-lowering potential. Dual drug therapy is a recommended therapy for patients with new-onset type 2 diabetes who need significant glycemic control...
2016: Patient Preference and Adherence
Martin Kuete, HongFang Yuan, Aude Laure Tchoua Kemayou, Emmanuel Ancel Songo, Fan Yang, XiuLan Ma, ChengLiang Xiong, HuiPing Zhang
BACKGROUND: Integration of family planning services (FPS) into human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) care for HIV-infected women is an important aspect of the global prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) strategy. We assessed the integration of FPS into routine care of HIV-infected mothers by evaluating the uptake and barriers of contraception and PMTCT services. METHODS: We conducted an interventional study using the interrupted time series approach in the health care facilities located in Yaounde, Cameroon...
2016: Patient Preference and Adherence
Eung Suk Kim, Yonguk Kim, Seung-Young Yu, Moosang Kim
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Patient Preference and Adherence
Abebe Basazn Mekuria, Daniel Asfaw Erku, Sewunet Admasu Belachew
PURPOSE: This study aimed at identifying the information needs of cancer patients, their preferences for the means of receiving health information, and the perceived level of satisfaction of existing possibilities for acquiring cancer-related information in Ethiopia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An institutional-based cross-sectional survey was employed on 556 cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy in the oncology wards of Gondar University Referral Hospital and Tikur Anbesa Specialized Hospital...
2016: Patient Preference and Adherence
Sang Geun Bae, Sin Kam, Ki Soo Park, Keon-Yeop Kim, Nam-Soo Hong, Ki-Su Kim, Yu-Mi Lee, Won Kee Lee, Michael Sung Pil Choe
PURPOSE: We assessed medication nonadherence, categorized as intentional or unintentional, and related factors in elderly patients with hypertension, correlating the data with measurement of blood pressure as the final target of medication adherence and other possible influencing factors, such as lifestyle. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Subjects were aged ≥65 years, resided in a rural area, and were taking antihypertensive drugs. The survey was conducted in July 2014...
2016: Patient Preference and Adherence
José Manuel Garcia-Dominguez, Delicias Muñoz, Marta Comellas, Irmina Gonzalbo, Luis Lizán, Carlos Polanco Sánchez
OBJECTIVES: To assess disease-modifying therapy (DMT) preferences in a population of patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) and to estimate the association between sociodemographic and clinical factors and these preferences. METHODS: Preferences for DMTs attributes were measured using a discrete choice experiment. Analysis of preferences was assessed using mixed-logit hierarchical Bayes regression. A multilinear regression was used to evaluate the association between the preferences for each attribute and patients' demographic and clinical characteristics...
2016: Patient Preference and Adherence
Wendy Clyne, Sarah McLachlan, Comfort Mshelia, Peter Jones, Sabina De Geest, Todd Ruppar, Kaat Siebens, Fabienne Dobbels, Przemyslaw Kardas
OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study were to determine the perceptions of European physicians, nurses, and pharmacists about the extent of nonadherence by patients in their country relative to their perception of nonadherence by their own patients, and to investigate the occurrence of optimistic bias about medication adherence. The study explored a key cognitive bias for prevalence and likelihood estimates in the context of health care professionals' beliefs about patients' use of medicines...
2016: Patient Preference and Adherence
Ji Eun Lee, Dong Wook Shin, Beomseok Suh, Sohyun Chun, You-Seon Nam, Belong Cho
INTRODUCTION: In Asian countries, reluctance to seek pharmacological intervention is a major barrier for smoking cessation. Culturally appropriate decision aids are expected to help people in the decision making for the use of smoking cessation medication. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to develop a culturally tailored decision aid for smoking cessation and evaluate its effect on the use of smoking cessation medication. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A 7-minute video on smoking cessation information and options was developed...
2016: Patient Preference and Adherence
Adugnaw Berhane, Fikre Enquselassie
BACKGROUND: Patient expectations have been recognized as a factor for patient satisfaction in medical consultations. Although various studies explored the relationship between patient expectations and patient satisfaction in developed countries, there is a lack of research evidence in Ethiopia where the meeting of patient expectations could relate to satisfaction. OBJECTIVE: To assess the relationship between patients' expectations and their satisfaction in the consultation of patients at the outpatient department...
2016: Patient Preference and Adherence
Muhammad Laklouk, Ganesan Baranidharan
Capsaicin is a naturally occurring irritant active ingredient found in hot peppers. It is a ligand for transient receptor potential channel vanilloid receptors, which are found in nociceptive nerve terminals in the skin. Initial exposure to topical capsaicin leads to excitation of these receptors, release of vasoactive mediators, erythema, intense burning, pain, and thereafter desensitization of sensory neurons resulting in inhibition of pain transmission. Capsaicin 8% has been licensed for the treatment of postherpetic neuralgia pain in recent years...
2016: Patient Preference and Adherence
Atsumi Minamisawa, Jin Narumoto, Isao Yokota, Kenji Fukui
BACKGROUND: Patient dropout from treatment can lead to a deterioration in clinical condition, thereby increasing the need for more intensive therapy that incurs substantial social and economic losses. The aim of this study was to identify factors related to psychiatric patient dropout at a university outpatient clinic in Japan. METHODS: We retrospectively examined the medical charts of new psychiatric patients who were diagnosed with either a mood disorder (International Classification of Diseases, 10th revision, code: F3) or an anxiety disorder (F4) in the outpatient clinic at Kyoto Prefectural University of Medicine Hospital in Kyoto, Japan, between April 2010 and March 2013...
2016: Patient Preference and Adherence
Lucie Cerna, Petra Maresova
BACKGROUND: The incidence of diabetes is rising across the world. This global problem significantly affects the economic and social development in the 21st century. If the disease is diagnosed in time, the number of complications as well as the costs of therapy will be lower. Modern technologies permeate all spheres of medicine, and diabetes treatment is no exception. Therefore, the aim of this article is to analyze patients' attitudes to the use of modern technologies in the treatment of diabetes (type 1 diabetes mellitus [T1DM] and type 2 diabetes mellitus [T2DM])...
2016: Patient Preference and Adherence
Solomon Yimer, Zegeye Yohannis, Wondale Getinet, Tesfa Mekonen, Wubalem Fekadu, Habte Belete, Melak Menberu, Asmamaw Getnet, Amsalu Belete
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to assess the level of patient satisfaction and associated factors with psychiatric outpatient services in Ethiopia. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed from May 2015 to June 2015. A total of 454 participants selected by systematic random sampling were included in this study. Pretested and interviewer-administered questionnaire was used to collect the data. Patient satisfaction was measured using Charleston Psychiatric Outpatient Satisfaction Scale, and other validated tools were used to assess the associated variables...
2016: Patient Preference and Adherence
Zhiqiang Wang, Lei Yuan, Yongchuan Wang, Baizhi Yang, Xiaohong Dong, Zhaowang Gao
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this meta-analysis and systematic review is to evaluate the safety and efficacy of Chinese herbal medicine (CHM) for chronic prostatitis (CP) associated with damp-heat and blood-stasis syndromes. METHODS: An electronic search of 13 databases up to May 2016 was screened to identify randomized controlled trials comparing the safety and efficacy of CHM for the treatment of CP associated with damp-heat and blood-stasis syndromes. Studies reporting on effective rates, adverse events, National Institutes of Health chronic prostatitis symptom index (NIH-CPSI) scores, and symptom index of Chinese medicine for chronic prostatitis (SI-CM) scores as outcomes were included in the analysis...
2016: Patient Preference and Adherence
Anna Levke Brütt, Julia Luise Magaard, Sylke Andreas, Holger Schulz
OBJECTIVE: Psychosomatic inpatient rehabilitation aims at promoting functioning in patients with mental disorders. Although generally effective, some patients do not benefit from this rehabilitation and suffer from symptoms as well as functional impairment. This study aimed to identify patient-reported factors influencing activity and participation outcomes. SUBJECT AND METHODS: Five focus groups with N=23 former psychosomatic rehabilitation inpatients were conducted...
2016: Patient Preference and Adherence
Carlos Roncero, Néstor Szerman, Antonio Terán, Carlos Pino, José María Vázquez, Elena Velasco, Marta García-Dorado, Miguel Casas
BACKGROUND: There is a need to evaluate the professionals' perception about the consequences of the lack of therapeutic adherence in the evolution of patients with co-occurring disorders. METHODS: An online survey, released on the Socidrogalcohol [Spanish Scientific Society for Research on Alcohol, Alcoholism and other Drug Addictions] and Sociedad Española de Patología Dual [the Spanish Society of Dual Pathology] web pages, was answered by 250 professionals who work in different types of Spanish health centers where dual diagnosis patients are assisted...
2016: Patient Preference and Adherence
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