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Patient Preference and Adherence

Christa L Cook, Shantrel Canidate, Nicole Ennis, Robert L Cook
Purpose: Despite recommendations for early entry into human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) care, many people diagnosed with HIV delay seeking care. Multiple types of social support (ie, cognitive, emotional, and tangible) are often needed for someone to transition into HIV care, but a lack of emotional support at diagnosis may be the reason why some people fail to stay engaged in care. Thus, the purpose of this study was to identify how people living with HIV conceptualized emotional support needs and delivery at diagnosis...
2018: Patient Preference and Adherence
Daisy Ng-Mak, Jiat-Ling Poon, Laurie Roberts, Leah Kleinman, Dennis A Revicki, Krithika Rajagopalan
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to assess patient preferences regarding pharmacological treatment attributes for bipolar depression using a discrete choice experiment (DCE). Methods: Adult members of an Internet survey panel with a self-reported diagnosis of bipolar depression were invited via e-mail to participate in a web-based DCE survey. Participants were asked to choose between hypothetical medication alternatives defined by attributes and levels that were varied systematically...
2018: Patient Preference and Adherence
Maritta Sauer, Carole Abbotts
Purpose: Adherence to recombinant human growth hormone (r-hGH) is critical to growth and other outcomes in patients with growth disorders, but the requirement for daily injections means that ease of use is an important factor. This study assessed the perceived ease of use and functionality of the prototype of a reusable pen injector (pen device) for r-hGH that incorporates several advanced features. Participants and methods: Semi-structured 60-minute qualitative interviews were conducted in 5 countries with 57 health care professionals (HCPs) and 30 patients with GH deficiency/caregivers administering r-hGH to patients, including children...
2018: Patient Preference and Adherence
Chuanwei Xin, Zhu Dong, Mengmeng Lin, Gong-Hua Li
Background: The prescriptions of proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) have raised concern due to both huge increase in medical expenditure and the possible long-term adverse events caused by them; therefore, an approach to taper off the irrational use of PPIs by patients is clinically warranted. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of pharmaceutical interventions on the rational use of PPIs. Patients and methods: A single-center, pre- to post-intervention study (pharmaceutical interventions group and control group) was performed in a Chinese hospital...
2018: Patient Preference and Adherence
Anne Em Brabers, Thamar Em Van Esch, Peter P Groenewegen, Karin Hek, Pé Mullenders, Liset Van Dijk, Judith D De Jong
Objectives: One perceived barrier to guideline adherence is the existence of conflicting patient preferences. We examined whether patient preferences influence the prescription of antibiotics in general practice, and how this affects guideline adherence. We hypothesized that preferences play a larger role in prescribing antibiotics if the guideline allows for preferences to be taken into account, ie, if prescribing antibiotics is an option which can be considered rather than a clear recommendation to prescribe or not...
2018: Patient Preference and Adherence
Bianca Mulder, Maarten J Bijlsma, Catharina Cm Schuiling-Veninga, Leonard P Morssink, Eugene van Puijenbroek, Jan G Aarnoudse, Eelko Hak, Tjalling W de Vries
Background: Understanding perception of risks and benefits is essential for informed patient choices regarding medical care. The primary aim of this study was to evaluate the perception of risks and benefits of 9 drug classes during pregnancy and associations with women's characteristics. Methods: Questionnaires were distributed to pregnant women who attended a Dutch Obstetric Care facility (first- and second-line care). Mean perceived risk and benefit scores were computed for 9 different drug classes (paracetamol, antacids, antibiotics, antifungal medication, drugs against nausea and vomiting, histamine-2 receptor antagonists/proton pump inhibitors, antidepressants, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, and sedatives/anxiolytics)...
2018: Patient Preference and Adherence
Yukihiro Koretsune, Takanori Ikeda, Ken Kozuma, Teruyuki Hirano, Masahiro Yasaka, Makoto Kida, Motohiko Chachin, Miki Imura
Purpose: Patients treated with warfarin must adhere to frequent monitoring, dietary restrictions, and complicated dose adjustments. Apixaban, a direct factor Xa inhibitor, is an alternative to warfarin that may reduce patient burdens associated with warfarin therapy. However, there is limited evidence pertaining to patient satisfaction with anticoagulant therapies in Japanese patients. The purpose of this observational study was to investigate changes in patient satisfaction after switching from warfarin to apixaban...
2017: Patient Preference and Adherence
Kurubaran Ganasegeran, Abdul Rashid
Background: Although evidence-based practice has shown the benefits of prescribed cardioprotective drugs in post-myocardial infarction (MI) survivors, adherence rates remain suboptimal. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence and factors associated with medication nonadherence among post-MI survivors in Malaysia. Materials and methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted from February to September 2016 among 242 post-MI survivors aged 24-96 years at the cardiology outpatient clinic in a Malaysian cardiac specialist center...
2017: Patient Preference and Adherence
Kathryn Havas, Clint Douglas, Ann Bonner
Purpose: The provision of self-management support (SMS) for people with earlier stages (1-4) of chronic kidney disease (CKD) can improve patient outcomes and extend time to dialysis. However, attempts to deliver such support have often not taken patient preferences into account. After the development, implementation, and quantitative evaluation of the person-centered CKD-SMS intervention, the aim of this study was to investigate participant experiences and perceptions of the program, as well as to seek suggestions to improve future SMS attempts...
2017: Patient Preference and Adherence
Jianjun Zhang, Tongsheng Ma, Yuan Peng, Guangfeng Huang, Fengli Liu
Objective: To investigate different outcomes and long-term efficacy of transanal Soave or Swenson surgery in treatment for neonates with Hirschsprung's disease (HD). Methods: In the present study, a total of 29 neonatal patients were included, with 20 patients undergoing the Soave procedure and nine patients undergoing the Swenson procedure. Data collected from the patients included basic demographics, age and weight at the time of operation, pathological typing, type of operation, operative time, blood loss, length of hospital stay, bowel function, and complications...
2017: Patient Preference and Adherence
Hanine Abbas, Mazen Kurdi, Myriam Watfa, Rita Karam
Background: Adherence to treatment, healthy lifestyle, physical activities, smoking, diet, and salt intake are important factors to control for an effective decrease in blood pressure (BP) values for patients diagnosed with essential hypertension (HT). The aim of this work was to study the adherence to antihypertensive treatment and factors predicting this behavior in Lebanese patients. In addition, we evaluated the extent of patient's knowledge and perceptions about HT, risk factors, and medication side effects...
2017: Patient Preference and Adherence
Anna Bowers, Kristin Cleverley, Claudia Di Clemente, Joanna Henderson
There is an evident disparity between the number of youth who report experiencing problematic substance use and the number who seek treatment. To address this disparity, it is important to understand the reasons youth do and do not seek substance use treatment. Using qualitative data obtained from semistructured interviews with 31 youth aged 17-25 years presenting for treatment at a mental health hospital, the current study identifies themes in the factors that youth identify as having influenced them to seek or delay treatment...
2017: Patient Preference and Adherence
Yeon-Yong Kim, Jaekyoung Bae, Jin-Seok Lee
Background: Primary care is relatively weak in the Republic of Korea. As the referral system is not well established, patients can freely choose from among clinics, hospitals, and tertiary hospitals. This study was conducted to determine the factors influencing patients' choice of providers. Methods: A survey was conducted of 999 Korean adults aged 19-59 years. An exploratory factor analysis was performed on nine factors influencing their motives in choosing a medical provider...
2017: Patient Preference and Adherence
Barry J Krakow, Jessica J Obando, Victor A Ulibarri, Natalia D McIver
Study objectives: Patients with comorbid posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) manifest low adherence to continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) due to fixed, pressure-induced expiratory pressure intolerance (EPI), a subjective symptom and objective sign aggravated by anxiety sensitivity and somatosensory amplification. As advanced PAP therapy modes (ie, auto-bilevel PAP [ABPAP] or adaptive servo-ventilation [ASV]) may address these side effects, we hypothesized such treatment would be associated with decreased expiratory intolerance and increased adherence in posttraumatic stress patients with co-occurring OSA...
2017: Patient Preference and Adherence
Jingjing Pan, Tao Lei, Bin Hu, Qiongge Li
Objectives: The aims of this study were to assess the knowledge of hypertension (HTN) and investigate risk factors associated with medication adherence among hypertensive stroke patients after discharge in northwestern China. Patients and methods: A cross-sectional study involving 440 Chinese hypertensive stroke patients was conducted in a tertiary hospital in Xi'an, China. Data were collected by telephone interviews and patients' medical records. Results: It was found that 35...
2017: Patient Preference and Adherence
Suk Bae Moon, Sang Beom Han
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Patient Preference and Adherence
Johanna Boretzki, Eva Wolf, Carmen Wiese, Sebastian Noe, Annamaria Balogh, Anja Meurer, Ivanka Krznaric, Alexander Zink, Christian Lersch, Christoph D Spinner
Background: Reasons for and frequency of nonadherence to antiretroviral therapy (ART) may have changed due to pharmacological improvements. In addition, the importance of known non-pharmacologic reasons for nonadherence is unclear. Methods: We performed a cross-sectional, noninterventional, multicenter study to identify current reasons for nonadherence. Patients were categorized by physicians into the following adherence groups: good, unstable, or poor adherence...
2017: Patient Preference and Adherence
Diego Novick, William Montgomery, Ellen Vorstenbosch, Maria Victoria Moneta, Héctor Dueñas, Josep Maria Haro
Not all individuals treated for major depressive disorder (MDD) achieve recovery. This observational study examined the recovery rates in MDD patients and the patient characteristics associated with achieving recovery in a naturalistic clinical setting. Recovery was defined as having both clinical and functional remission. Data for this post hoc analysis were taken from a 24-week prospective, observational study that involved 1,549 MDD patients. Clinical remission was assessed using the 16-item Quick Inventory of Depressive Symptomatology Self-Report and functional remission through the Sheehan Disability Scale and no days of reduced productivity in the previous week...
2017: Patient Preference and Adherence
Jochen Hefner, Sara Berberich, Elena Lanvers, Maria Sanning, Ann-Kathrin Steimer, Volker Kunzmann
Background: Fear of cancer progression/recurrence (FOP/FCR) is considered one of the most prevalent sources of distress in cancer survivors and associated with lower quality of life and functional impairment. Detailed measures of FOP/FCR are needed because little is known about the knowledge of FOP/FCR, its associations with the patient-doctor relationship, and the rate of adequate therapy. Colorectal cancer (CRC) is one of the most prevalent cancer entities, and oral capecitabine is widely prescribed as treatment...
2017: Patient Preference and Adherence
Ling Zhao, Rong Wang, Shan Liu, Jin Yan
Objective: This study was designed to examine the internal consistency, test-retest reliability, construct, and concurrent validity of the Trust in Nurses Scale (TNS) in hospitalized patients with cancer in China. Methods: Between October and December 2016, the Chinese version of TNS and Nurse-Patient Trust Scale were applied to assess 190 patients with cancer in a general hospital. A subsample of 70 patients completed the TNS again 1 week later. Results: The Chinese version of the TNS had good internal consistency (α=0...
2017: Patient Preference and Adherence
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