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Molecular Medicine Reports

Shoudong Chai, Yang Yu, Haiming Li, Mingxin Gao, Li Bo, Chengxiong Gu
Vein graft remains the most broadly applied vascular material in coronary artery bypass surgery. However, the restenosis rate of the vein bridge following angioplasty is high. The present study investigated the effect of medical adhesive on vascular intimal hyperplasia, in addition to the signal transduction mechanism. A total of 36 New Zealand white rabbits were divided into three groups at random, including the normal group, the surgery group and the medical adhesive spray group. Following surgery for transplantation of the left external jugular vein to the ipsilateral common carotid artery for 4 weeks, the thickness and area of the intima and media of the vessel were measured on formalin‑fixed, paraffin wax‑embedded pathological sections using hematoxylin‑eosin staining, and alterations in the expression of proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA), platelet endothelial cell adhesion molecule 1 (PECAM‑1), vascular cell adhesion protein 1 (VCAM‑1), extracellular signal‑regulated kinase (ERK)1/2, and endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) were detected by immunohistochemical staining, reverse transcription‑quantitative polymerase chain reaction analysis and western blotting...
September 17, 2018: Molecular Medicine Reports
Yingjun Xie, Yien Xiang, Dan Zhang, Xiaoxiao Yao, Jiyao Sheng, Yongsheng Yang, Xuewen Zhang
Sarcomatoid carcinoma (SC) is an extremely rare and complicated malignant neoplasm that consists of both malignant epithelial components and atypical spindle cells that express an epithelial phenotype. The presents study reported a case of SC of the pancreas (SCP), along with a brief review of the literature. A 63‑year‑old man was admitted to The Second Hospital of Jilin University hospital with complaints of epigastralgia and jaundice of one month in duration. Based on preoperative laboratory blood tests and radiography, a mass at the distal common bile duct was suspected...
September 14, 2018: Molecular Medicine Reports
Bing Wang, Hua Xu, Jian Li, Hong-Mei Gao, Ying-Hong Xing, Zhu Lin, Hong-Jie Li, Yong-Qiang Wang, Shu-Hua Cao
Increasing evidence has demonstrated that complement activation is required for ischemia‑reperfusion injury (IRI)‑induced hepatic damage, and cobra venom factor (CVF) can deplete the complement components. The aim of the current study was to investigate the effect and intrinsic mechanism of CVF pretreatment on IRI‑induced acute hepatic injury in rats. Acute hepatic injury in rats was induced by bone fracture to simulate trauma, followed by hemorrhage for 90 min, and then the rats were resuscitated for a period of 20 min of reperfusion...
September 14, 2018: Molecular Medicine Reports
Biao Ma, Yang Yang, Zhituo Li, Dali Zhao, Weihui Zhang, Yanfeng Jiang, Dongbo Xue
In recent years, an increasing number of studies on the roles of macrophages in tumors, immune responses and metabolism have been published, in which macrophage polarization has been an extensively discussed topic. In the present study, differentially expressed genes in various types of macrophages were analyzed using the Gene Expression Omnibus database. Cluster analysis of differentially expressed genes was conducted, and a protein‑protein interaction (PPI) network was constructed. Finally, modular analysis and functional enrichment analysis revealed that a Toll‑like receptor (TLR) signaling pathway is involved in the regulation of macrophage polarization...
September 14, 2018: Molecular Medicine Reports
Shenglan Dai, Xiaohua Chen, Yongsheng Yu, Guoqing Zang, Zhenghao Tang
Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is a global public health problem. T helper (Th)1‑associated cytokines are involved in HBV clearance during acute and persistent infection. In our previous study, it was demonstrated that lentiviral vectors encoding ubiquitinated hepatitis B core antigen (LV‑Ub‑HBcAg) effectively transduced dendritic cells (DCs) to induce maturation, which promoted T cell polarization to Th1 and generated HBcAg‑specific cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTLs) ex vivo. In the present study, HBV transgenic mice were immunized with LV‑Ub‑HBcAg‑transduced DCs and HBcAg‑specific immune responses were evaluated...
September 14, 2018: Molecular Medicine Reports
Jiajing Zhao, Yingjue Wang, Xi Wu, Ping Tong, Yaohan Yue, Shurong Gao, Dongping Huang, Jianwei Huang
Non‑alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), which affects approximately one‑third of the general population, has become a global health problem. Thus, more effective treatments for NAFLD are urgently required. In the present study, high levels of C‑C motif ligand 19 (CCL19), signaling pathways such as Toll‑like receptor 4 (TLR4)/nuclear factor‑κB (NF‑κB), and proinflammatory factors including interleukin‑6 (IL‑6) and tumor necrosis factor‑α (TNF‑α) were detected in NAFLD patients, thereby indicating that there may be an association between CCL19 and these factors in NAFLD progression...
September 14, 2018: Molecular Medicine Reports
Xian Wu, Wei Zhou, Qingshuang Wei, Peng Chen, Yan Li
Astragalus membranaceus (AM) is a traditional Chinese medicinal herb, whose cytoprotective effects remain largely unknown. Here, the bacterial endotoxin lipopolysaccharide (LPS) was applied to a human pulmonary type II‑like epithelial lung adenocarcinoma cell line, a human umbilical vein endothelial cell line, and a human bladder carcinoma cell line to construct in vitro models of intracellular oxidative stress. The authors assayed the cellular and mitochondrial cytoprotective effects of varying doses of AM root extract upon these cell lines...
September 14, 2018: Molecular Medicine Reports
Younju Lee, Jinuk Na, Myung Sun Lee, Eun Young Cha, Ji Young Sul, Jun Beom Park, Jin Sun Lee
Pristimerin, a quinonemethide triterpenoid, has demonstrated anticancer activity against a number of types of cancer, including breast cancer. However, its mechanism of action remains unclear. The present study investigated the autophagy‑induced anticancer efficacy of pristimerin on MDA‑MB‑231 human breast cancer cells. Pristimerin inhibited the growth of these cells in a concentration‑dependent manner. Treatment with pristimerin dose‑dependently induced an increase of light chain 3B (LC3‑II), whereas autophagy inhibitor 3‑methyladenine (3‑MA) inhibited pristimerin‑induced LC3‑II accumulation and cytotoxic effects...
September 14, 2018: Molecular Medicine Reports
Xiaotong Wang, Xiaopeng Cui, Chuanwu Zhu, Ming Li, Juan Zhao, Zhongyi Shen, Xiaohang Shan, Liang Wang, Han Wu, Yanting Shen, You Ni, Dongmei Zhang, Guoxiong Zhou
Endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress in intestinal epithelial cells (IECs) has an important role in the pathogenesis of Crohn's disease (CD). FK506 binding protein 11 (FKBP11), a member of the peptidyl‑prolyl cis‑trans isomerase family, is involved in the unfolded protein response (UPR) and is closely associated with inflammation. Previous bioinformatics analysis revealed a potential association between FKBP11 and human CD. Thus, the present study aimed to investigate the potential significance of FKBP11 in IEC homeostasis and CD...
September 14, 2018: Molecular Medicine Reports
Yongqiang Zhang, Ying Li, Jing Wang, Ping Lei
The aim of the present study was to investigate the potential role and regulatory mechanism of long non‑coding RNA ferritin heavy polypeptide 1 pseudogene 3 (FTH1P3) in glioma development. The expression of FTH1P3 in low‑ and high‑grade glioma tissues was investigated using reverse transcription‑quantitative polymerase chain reaction. FTH1P3 expression was overexpressed or suppressed in U251 glioma cells to examine the involvement of FTH1P3 in glioma cell proliferation and apoptosis using MTT assay and flow cytometry respectively...
September 14, 2018: Molecular Medicine Reports
Junko Ikemoto, Satoshi Yoshihara, Tamami Kobayashi, Shunro Kai, Yoshihiro Fujimori
In umbilical cord blood transplantation (UCBT), the number of cluster of differentiation (CD)34+ cells and colony‑forming units (CFUs) in the cord blood (CB) graft positively correlate with patient survival. Therefore, these parameters are currently used for quality assessment of the cryopreserved CB cells in the attached segment that is considered representative of the CB in the main bag prior to UCBT. Since aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH) activity is high in hematopoietic stem cells, the number of ALDH‑bright (ALDHbr) cells was examined in comparison with the number of CD34+ cells and CFUs for the quality assessment of CB units...
September 13, 2018: Molecular Medicine Reports
Xinyu Hu, Shanshan Teng, Jiawei He, Xiaoqi Sun, Mingzhao Du, Ling Kou, Xiaofeng Wang
Scutellarin (SC), mainly extracted from the Chinese herb Erigeron breviscapus (vant.), has been reported to possess various pharmacological activities; however, its effects on Alzheimer's disease (AD) have not been systemically reported. The protective effects of SC on AD were investigated using an L‑glutamic acid (L‑Glu)‑damaged HT22 cell apoptosis model and an aluminum chloride plus D‑galactose‑induced AD mouse model. In L‑Glu‑damaged HT22 cells, SC significantly increased cell viability, inhibited lactate dehydrogenase release, reduced caspase‑3 activity and suppressed apoptosis, which were determined via an MTT assay, an in vitro Toxicology Assay kit, a Caspase‑3 activity assay kit, and propidium iodide and Annexin V staining...
September 13, 2018: Molecular Medicine Reports
Francesca Pagani, Akansha Trivedi, Deepak Khatri, Daniela Zizioli, Emirena Garrafa, Stefania Mitola, Dario Finazzi
Coenzyme A (CoA) is an essential cofactor of cellular metabolism that is involved in ~4% of cellular reactions. Its de novo production relies on five subsequent enzymatic steps, starting with the phosphorylation of vitamin B5. Pantothenate kinase 2 (PANK2) and coenzyme A synthase (COASY) catalyze the first and last steps of this pathway. Mutations in these genes lead to severe and progressive movement disorders, with neurodegeneration and iron accumulation in the basal ganglia, known as PANK2‑ and COASY protein‑associated neurodegeneration, respectively...
September 13, 2018: Molecular Medicine Reports
Haiying Shen, Kiyoon Kim, Yoojung Oh, Kyung Sik Yoon, Hyung Hwan Baik, Sung Soo Kim, Joohun Ha, Insug Kang, Wonchae Choe
Following the publication of the above article and a Corrigendum published in July 2018, the authors have noted an additional error, associated with the presentation of Fig. 1C. Fig 1C showed that β‑N‑methylamino‑L‑alanine induces neuronal apoptotic cell death; however, an error was made in the compilation of this figure and an incorrect band image was selected for α‑actinin, the loading control panel for Fig. 1C. A corrected version of Fig. 1 is shown opposite, incorporating the correct α‑actinin protein bands in Fig...
September 12, 2018: Molecular Medicine Reports
Amir Taherkhani, Shiva Kalantari, Afsaneh Arefi Oskouie, Mohsen Nafar, Mohammad Taghizadeh, Koorosh Tabar
Membranous glomerulonephritis (MGN) is one of the most frequent causes of nephrotic syndrome in adults. It is characterized by the thickening of the glomerular basement membrane in the renal tissue. The current diagnosis of MGN is based on renal biopsy and the detection of antibodies to the few podocyte antigens. Due to the limitations of the current diagnostic methods, including invasiveness and the lack of sensitivity of the current biomarkers, there is a requirement to identify more applicable biomarkers...
September 12, 2018: Molecular Medicine Reports
Xueyan Chen, Huicai Guo, Qing Li, Yu Zhang, Huanlong Liu, Xiaofei Zhang, Kerang Xie, Zhongning Zhu, Qingfeng Miao, Suwen Su
Aconitum plants, which have analgesic, diuretic and anti‑inflammatory effects, have been widely used to treat various types of disease. However, the apparent toxicity of Aconitum‑derived agents, particularly in the cardiovascular system, has largely limited their clinical use. Thus, the present study investigated whether berberine (Ber), an isoquinoline alkaloid, may reduce myocardial injury induced by aconitine (AC) in rats and the underlying mechanisms. Rats (n=40) were randomly divided into four groups: Control, Chuan‑wu and Chuan‑wu + Ber (8 and 16 mg/kg doses)...
September 12, 2018: Molecular Medicine Reports
Chunmei Wang, Shijun Wang, Feng'e Ma, Weidan Zhang
Chemotherapy resistance, the molecular mechanism of which is complex and has not been fully understood, poses a major challenge in the treatment of patients with non‑small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). The dysregulation of microRNAs (miRs) has been reported to serve a pivotal role in the development of cancer and drug resistance. In the present study, reverse transcription‑quantitative polymerase chain reaction analysis revealed a significant increase in miR‑328 and a significant decrease in phosphatase and tensin homolog (PTEN) mRNA expression levels within tumor tissues from patients with cisplatin‑resistant NSCLC compared with those of cisplatin‑sensitive NSCLC patients...
September 12, 2018: Molecular Medicine Reports
Ying Lin, Hongbin Gao, Yi Zhu, Chuan Chen, Tao Li, Bingqian Liu, Cancan Lyu, Ying Huang, Haichun Li, Qingxiu Wu, Chenjin Jin, Xiaoling Liang, Xinhua Huang, Lin Lu
Congenital aniridia is a rare genetic disorder characterized by a variable degree of hypoplasia or absence of iris. It is frequently associated with keratopathy, cataract, juvenile‑onset glaucoma and foveal and optic nerve hypoplasia. Mutations in the Paired Box 6 (PAX6) gene on chromosome 11p13 have been demonstrated to cause aniridia. The aim of the present study was to investigate the genetic variations of PAX6 in two sporadic patients from southern China with classic congenital aniridia and cataract. Complete ophthalmic and physical examinations were performed, including best‑corrected visual acuity, intraocular pressure, slit‑lamp examination, fundus examination, optical coherence tomography, ultrasound biomicroscopy, and Pentacam scanning...
September 10, 2018: Molecular Medicine Reports
András Vida, Gábor Kardos, Tünde Kovács, Balázs L Bodrogi, Péter Bai
Poly(adenosine diphosphate‑ribose) polymerase (PARP)‑1 is the prototypical PARP enzyme well known for its role in DNA repair and as a pro‑inflammatory protein. Since PARP1 is an important co‑factor of several other pro‑inflammatory proteins, in the present study the possible changes in microbial flora of PARP1 knockout mice were investigated. Samples from the duodenum, cecum and feces from wild type and PARP1 knockout C57BL/6J male mice were collected and 16S ribosomal RNA genes were sequenced. Based on the sequencing results, the microbiome and compared samples throughout the lower part of the gastrointestinal system were reconstructed...
September 10, 2018: Molecular Medicine Reports
Shu-Chun Kuo, Yingxiao Li, Yung-Ze Cheng, Wei-Jing Lee, Juei-Tang Cheng, Kai-Chun Cheng
Cardiac hypertrophy is commonly involved in cardiac injury. Oxidative stress can induce cardiac hypertrophy with apoptosis. Potassium bromate (KBrO3) has been widely used as a food additive due to its oxidizing properties. In the present study, the rat‑derived heart cell line H9c2 was used to investigate the effect of KBrO3 on cell size. KBrO3 increased cell size at concentrations <250 µM, in a dose‑dependent manner. Additionally, KBrO3 also promoted the gene expression of two biomarkers of cardiac hypertrophy, brain/B‑type natriuretic peptides (BNP) and β‑Myosin Heavy Chain (β‑MHC)...
September 10, 2018: Molecular Medicine Reports
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