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Informatics for Health & Social Care

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28085540/sharing-health-data-in-belgium-a-home-care-case-study-using-the-vitalink-platform
#1
Femke De Backere, Pieter Bonte, Stijn Verstichel, Femke Ongenae, Filip De Turck
In 2013, the Flemish Government launched the Vitalink platform. This initiative focuses on the sharing of health and welfare data to support primary healthcare. In this paper, the objectives and mission of the Vitalink initiative are discussed. Security and privacy measures are reviewed, and the technical implementation of the Vitalink platform is presented. Through a case study, the possibility of interaction with cloud solutions for healthcare is also investigated upon; this was initially not the focus of Vitalink...
January 13, 2017: Informatics for Health & Social Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28085528/patient-centered-knowledge-sharing-in-healthcare-organizations-identifying-the-external-barriers
#2
Lihong Zhou
OBJECTIVE: This paper reports on a research study, which aims to identify, qualify, and theorize the external barriers that prevent and hinder the exercises and activities of patient-centered knowledge sharing (KS) in healthcare organizations. METHODS: The project adopted a qualitative secondary analysis approach as the overarching methodology to guide the analysis of data collected in a previously completed research study. Specifically, 46 semi-structured interview data were included and analyzed using a thematic analysis approach...
January 13, 2017: Informatics for Health & Social Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28084856/using-decision-trees-to-explore-the-association-between-the-length-of-stay-and-potentially-avoidable-readmissions-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#3
Mohammad S Alyahya, Heba H Hijazi, Hussam A Alshraideh, Amjad D Al-Nasser
BACKGROUND: There is a growing concern that reduction in hospital length of stay (LOS) may raise the rate of hospital readmission. This study aims to identify the rate of avoidable 30-day readmission and find out the association between LOS and readmission. METHODS: All consecutive patient admissions to the internal medicine services (n = 5,273) at King Abdullah University Hospital in Jordan between 1 December 2012 and 31 December 2013 were analyzed. To identify avoidable readmissions, a validated computerized algorithm called SQLape was used...
January 13, 2017: Informatics for Health & Social Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068156/personalized-risk-communication-for-personalized-risk-assessment-real-world-assessment-of-knowledge-and-motivation-for-six-mortality-risk-measures-from-an-online-life-expectancy-calculator
#4
Douglas G Manuel, Kasim E Abdulaziz, Richard Perez, Sarah Beach, Carol Bennett
In the clinical setting, previous studies have shown personalized risk assessment and communication improves risk perception and motivation. We evaluated an online health calculator that estimated and presented six different measures of life expectancy/mortality based on a person's sociodemographic and health behavior profile. Immediately after receiving calculator results, participants were invited to complete an online survey that asked how informative and motivating they found each risk measure, whether they would share their results and whether the calculator provided information they need to make lifestyle changes...
January 9, 2017: Informatics for Health & Social Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068154/adapting-a-computer-delivered-brief-alcohol-intervention-for-veterans-with-hepatitis-c
#5
Michael A Cucciare, Andrea L Jamison, Ann S Combs, Gauri Joshi, Ramsey C Cheung, Catherine Rongey, Joe Huggins, Keith Humphreys
OBJECTIVE: This study adapted an existing computer-delivered brief alcohol intervention (cBAI) for use in Veterans with the hepatitis C virus (HCV) and examined its acceptability and feasibility in this patient population. METHODS: A four-stage model consisting of initial pilot testing, qualitative interviews with key stakeholders, development of a beta version of the cBAI, and usability testing was used to achieve the study objectives. RESULTS: In-depth interviews gathered feedback for modifying the cBAI, including adding HCV-related content such as the health effects of alcohol on liver functioning, immune system functioning, and management of HCV, a preference for concepts to be displayed through "newer looking" graphics, and limiting the use of text to convey key concepts...
January 9, 2017: Informatics for Health & Social Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068150/challenges-of-information-security-incident-learning-an-industrial-case-study-in-a-chinese-healthcare-organization
#6
Ying He, Chris Johnson
Security incidents can have negative impacts on healthcare organizations, and the security of medical records has become a primary concern of the public. However, previous studies showed that organizations had not effectively learned lessons from security incidents. Incident learning as an essential activity in the "follow-up" phase of security incident response lifecycle has long been addressed but not given enough attention. This paper conducted a case study in a healthcare organization in China to explore their current obstacles in the practice of incident learning...
January 9, 2017: Informatics for Health & Social Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068149/moderating-factors-influencing-adoption-of-a-mobile-chronic-disease-management-system-in-china
#7
Zhangxiang Zhu, Yongmei Liu, Xiaoling Che, Xiaohong Chen
Mobile chronic disease management systems (MCDMS) have become increasingly important in recent years, but in China, challenges remain for their adoption. Existing empirical studies have not completely explored the adoption behavior of potential MCDMS users. This article presents a study in which we investigated factors that influence chronically ill patients in China and their families to adopt or decline to use MCDMS. We applied a research model based on the technology acceptance model (TAM) as well as four contextual constructs (perceived disease threat, perceived risk, initial trust, and technology anxiety) to a survey of 279 potential MCDMS service participants in China...
January 9, 2017: Informatics for Health & Social Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068146/a-natural-language-based-presentation-of-cognitive-stimulation-to-people-with-dementia-in-assistive-technology-a-pilot-study
#8
Nina Dethlefs, Maarten Milders, Heriberto Cuayáhuitl, Turkey Al-Salkini, Lorraine Douglas
Currently, an estimated 36 million people worldwide are affected by Alzheimer's disease or related dementias. In the absence of a cure, non-pharmacological interventions, such as cognitive stimulation, which slow down the rate of deterioration can benefit people with dementia and their caregivers. Such interventions have shown to improve well-being and slow down the rate of cognitive decline. It has further been shown that cognitive stimulation in interaction with a computer is as effective as with a human...
January 9, 2017: Informatics for Health & Social Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068144/physicians-perceptions-of-physician-nurse-interactions-and-information-needs-in-china
#9
Dong Wen, Pengcheng Guan, Xingting Zhang, Jianbo Lei
BACKGROUND: Good communication between physicians and nurses is important for the understanding of disease status and treatment feedback; however, certain issues in Chinese hospitals could lead to suboptimal physician-nurse communication in clinical work. METHODS: Convenience sampling was used to recruit participants. Questionnaires were sent to clinical physicians in three top tertiary Grade-A teaching hospitals in China and six hundred and seventeen physicians participated in the survey...
January 9, 2017: Informatics for Health & Social Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005444/ict-and-the-future-of-healthcare-aspects-of-pervasive-health-monitoring
#10
Daniela Haluza, David Jungwirth
Along with the digital revolution, information and communication technology applications are currently transforming the delivery of health and social care services. This paper investigates prevailing opinions toward future technology-based healthcare solutions among Austrian healthcare professionals. During a biphasic online Delphi survey, panelists rated expected outcomes of two future scenarios describing pervasive health monitoring applications. Experts perceived that the scenarios were highly innovative, but only moderately desirable, and that their implementation could especially improve patients' knowledge, quality of healthcare, and living standard...
December 22, 2016: Informatics for Health & Social Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005441/integrated-information-visualization-to-support-decision-making-in-order-to-strengthen-communities-design-and-usability-evaluation
#11
Puangrat Jinpon, Mullica Jaroensutasinee, Krisanadej Jaroensutasinee
Community well-being refers to the qualities of an optimally healthy community life. This is the ultimate goal of all the various processes and strategies created to meet the needs of people living together in communities. We propose a holistic integrated visualization, in the form of a community well-being assessment system, as a web-based advanced tool to be used by the executive and health officers of the sub-district administration organization (SAO) network to improve decision-making in order to strengthen their communities...
December 22, 2016: Informatics for Health & Social Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005434/a-feasibility-study-on-smartphone-accelerometer-based-recognition-of-household-activities-and-influence-of-smartphone-position
#12
Vincenzo Della Mea, Omar Quattrin, Maria Parpinel
BACKGROUND: Obesity and physical inactivity are the most important risk factors for chronic diseases. The present study aimed at (i) developing and testing a method for classifying household activities based on a smartphone accelerometer; (ii) evaluating the influence of smartphone position; and (iii) evaluating the acceptability of wearing a smartphone for activity recognition. METHODS: An Android application was developed to record accelerometer data and calculate descriptive features on 5-second time blocks, then classified with nine algorithms...
December 22, 2016: Informatics for Health & Social Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918231/a-3d-assessment-and-feedback-tool-for-ankylosing-spondylitis-from-the-perspective-of-healthcare-professionals
#13
Shijuan Li, Stephen Kay, Stuart Porter
To investigate the utility of 3D visualization technology to augment assessment and feedback for Ankylosing Spondylitis (AS), a visualization prototype was developed, and both subjective and objective measures of current assessment instruments were compared. To verify and establish a base-line for the prototype's effectiveness, motion data and measurement data from a healthy adult in a laboratory environment were collected. To validate the prototype, a qualitative evaluation was undertaken using multiple methods including a pilot study, focus groups, and individual interviews...
December 5, 2016: Informatics for Health & Social Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918228/nursing-care-documentation-practice-the-unfinished-task-of-nursing-care-in-the-university-of-gondar-hospital
#14
Mihiretu Kebede, Yesuf Endris, Desalegn Tegabu Zegeye
INTRODUCTION: Even though nursing care documentation is an important part of nursing practice, it is commonly left undone. The objective of this study was to assess nursing care documentation practice and the associated factors among nurses who are working at the University of Gondar Hospital. METHODS: An institution-based cross-sectional study was conducted among 220 nurses working at the University of Gondar Hospital inpatient wards from March 20 to April 30, 2014...
December 5, 2016: Informatics for Health & Social Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918220/an-interactive-distance-solution-for-stroke-rehabilitation-in-the-home-setting-a-feasibility-study
#15
Susanne Palmcrantz, Jörgen Borg, Disa Sommerfeld, Jeanette Plantin, Anneli Wall, Maria Ehn, Marie Sjölinder, Inga-Lill Boman
BACKGROUND: In this study an interactive distance solution (called the DISKO tool) was developed to enable home-based motor training after stroke. OBJECTIVES: The overall aim was to explore the feasibility and safety of using the DISKO-tool, customized for interactive stroke rehabilitation in the home setting, in different rehabilitation phases after stroke. METHODS: Fifteen patients in three different stages in the continuum of rehabilitation after stroke participated in a home-based training program using the DISKO-tool...
December 5, 2016: Informatics for Health & Social Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27764580/acceptance-by-laypersons-and-medical-professionals-of-the-personalized-ehealth-platform-ehealthmonitor
#16
Lena Griebel, Peter Kolominsky-Rabas, Sandra Schaller, Jakub Siudyka, Radoslaw Sierpinski, Dimitrios Papapavlou, Aliki Simeonidou, Hans-Ulrich Prokosch, Martin Sedlmayr
INTRODUCTION AND BACKGROUND: Often, eHealth services are not accepted because of factors such as eHealth literacy or trust. Within this study, eHealthMonitor was evaluated in three European countries (Germany, Greece, and Poland) by medical professionals and laypersons with respect to numerous acceptance factors. METHODS: Questionnaires were created on the basis of factors from literature and with the help of scales which have already been validated. A qualitative survey was conducted in Germany, Poland, and Greece...
October 20, 2016: Informatics for Health & Social Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27259373/at-risk-adolescents-as-experts-in-a-new-requirements-elicitation-procedure-for-the-development-of-a-smart-phone-psychoeducational-trauma-informed-care-application
#17
Paulina Sockolow, Seran Schug, Jichen Zhu, T J Smith, Yalini Senathirajah, Sandra Bloom
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Adolescents from urban, socioeconomically disadvantaged communities of color encounter high rates of adverse childhood experiences. To address the resulting multidimensional problems, we developed an innovative approach, Experiential Participatory and Interactive Knowledge Elicitation (EPIKE), using remote experiential needs elicitation methods to generate design and content requirements for a mobile health (mHealth) psychoeducational intervention. METHODS: At a community-based organization in a northeastern city, the research team developed EPIKE by incorporating elicitation of input on the graphics and conducting remotely recorded experiential meetings and iterative reviews of the design to produce an mHealth smartphone story application (app) prototype for the participants to critique...
January 2017: Informatics for Health & Social Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27245198/outcome-of-a-web-based-mindfulness-intervention-for-families-living-with-mental-illness-a-feasibility-study
#18
Sigrid Stjernswärd, Lars Hansson
BACKGROUND: Families living with a person with mental illness can experience distress requiring therapeutic interventions. Web-based mindfulness interventions have shown beneficial health outcomes for both clinical and healthy populations, and may help families cope and overcome barriers that can otherwise hinder a help-seeking process. AIMS: To develop and assess outcomes of a web-based mindfulness intervention for families living with a person with mental illness...
January 2017: Informatics for Health & Social Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27100664/examining-korean-and-korean-american-older-adults-perceived-acceptability-of-home-based-monitoring-technologies-in-the-context-of-culture
#19
Jane Chung, Hilaire J Thompson, Jonathan Joe, Amanda Hall, George Demiris
OBJECTIVE: Despite the increasing use of home-based monitoring technologies by older adults, few studies have examined older adults' acceptance of these technologies, especially among people from diverse cultural groups. The purpose of this study was to explore Korean and Korean American older adults' attitudes toward and perceptions of home-based monitoring technologies in a cultural context. METHODS: A qualitative analysis of focus groups and individual interviews using inductive coding methods and a constant comparative approach for emerging themes was conducted...
January 2017: Informatics for Health & Social Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27064375/engaging-technology-resistant-elderly-people-empirical-evidence-from-an-ict-enabled-social-environment
#20
Filomena Papa, Michele Cornacchia, Bartolomeo Sapio, Enrico Nicolò
This paper presents a qualitative investigation on user reactions, opinions, and sentiments about a TV-based technological solution developed within the EasyReach Project of the EU Ambient Assisted Living Joint Program to promote social interaction of less educated elderly people, that is, those individuals who, because of poor scholarization, low income, and, possibly, linguistic barriers, still find it difficult to use computers in order to improve their socialization. Experimental data were collected by extensive trials involving 40 real-end users...
January 2017: Informatics for Health & Social Care
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