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Informatics for Health & Social Care

Mélanie Tremblay, Catherine Vallée, Maude Carignan, Véronique Provencher, Nathalie Delli-Colli, Valérie Poulin, Anik Giguère, Emmanuelle Careau, Dominique Giroux
The decision on patients' competency to manage their affairs and take care of themselves requires a rigorous evaluation process and consistency among practice settings. Research indicates there is a lack of resources to guide healthcare and social service professionals in the interprofessional decision-making process that such an evaluation requires. A web-based tool, the Competency Assessment Tool (CAT), was designed to assist professionals in that process. The authors conducted a usability study with a beta version of the CAT...
December 13, 2018: Informatics for Health & Social Care
Mehrdad Farzandipour, Ehsan Nabovati, Shima Anvari, Zahra Vahedpoor, Reihane Sharif
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to summarize the evidence regarding the effects and the features of phone-based interventions to control gestational weight gain (GWG). METHODS: We included studies that evaluated the effects of phone-based interventions on controlling GWG. The characteristics of studies, effects, and features of interventions were extracted. RESULTS: A total of 12 studies met the inclusion criteria. Outcomes were categorized into three groups (GWG control, proportion of women returning to pre-pregnancy weight, and proportion of women who exceeded the Institute of Medicine recommendations for GWG)...
November 27, 2018: Informatics for Health & Social Care
Mohammad Alsharo, Yazan Alnsour, Mohammad Alabdallah
Implementing a health information system (HIS) to enhance healthcare services and patients' experience has become a growing trend in developing countries. Yet little is known about acquainted users' attitudes on continuing the use of an HIS after adoption. Healthcare professionals (physicians and nurses in particular) are reluctant to use HISs because they perceive them as an interruption of their interaction with patients, thus negatively influencing their efficiency. In this study, we extend the technology acceptance model (TAM) by integrating habit as an exogenous variable that affects HISs' perceived ease of use (PEOU) and perceived usefulness (PU) to investigate experienced healthcare professionals' attitudes in continuing to use an HIS...
November 20, 2018: Informatics for Health & Social Care
Maichou Lor
Visual representations of data have increasingly included color-encodings to help engage participants in health research. However, there is limited information on the way in which participants interpret color or on the influence of embedded cultural interpretations of color on survey responses. This study examines the interpretation of color-encodings used to indicate survey response options and their impact on participants' responses. Using a descriptive, cross-sectional design, interviews were conducted with 30 older Hmong adults from one Midwestern city in the United States...
November 16, 2018: Informatics for Health & Social Care
Helena Blažun Vošner, Danica Železnik, Peter Kokol
OBJECTIVES: This research article aims to analyze the bibliometric characteristics of four official International Medical Informatics Association (IMIA) journals, namely: the International Journal of Medical Informatics, Methods of Information in Medicine, Applied Clinical Informatics, and Informatics for Health and Social Care. METHOD: We used descriptive bibliometrics to study the trends of literature production, identify documents` types, most prolific authors, institutions, countries, and most cited publications of all four IMIA journals...
October 23, 2018: Informatics for Health & Social Care
Khin Than Win, Madeleine R H Roberts, Harri Oinas-Kukkonen
OBJECTIVE: Increasing physical activity has been identified as one of the most important factors in lifestyle modification. Previous studies have reported the effectiveness of using the Internet in motivating behavioral modifications of physical activities. The aim of this study is to identify the persuasive system features most frequently used in computer-mediated physical activities in the current literature. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this review, intervention studies were identified through a structured computerized search of PubMed, PsychInfo, and Web of Science...
October 23, 2018: Informatics for Health & Social Care
Amornrat Luenam, Wongsa Laohasiriwong, Nattapong Puttanapong, Jiamjit Saengsuwan, Teerasak Phajan
This study aimed to determine the association between socioeconomic determinants and Chronic Respiratory Diseases (CRDs) in Thailand. The data were used from the National Socioeconomics Survey (NSS), a cross-sectional study conducted by the National Statistical Office (NSO), in 2010 and 2012. The survey used stratified two-stage sampling to select a nationally representative sample to respond to a structured questionnaire. A total of 17,040 and 16,905 individuals in 2010 and 2012, respectively, were included in this analysis...
December 2018: Informatics for Health & Social Care
Marlene Naszay, Andreas Stockinger, David Jungwirth, Daniela Haluza
New technological developments affect almost every sector of our daily lives including the healthcare sector. Successful adoption and sustainable integration of eHealth and telemedicine in Public Health strategies (also known as Public eHealth) depend on knowledge and constant evaluation of consumers' needs, proficiencies, and preferences. We therefore assessed how the general Austrian population perceived innovative Public eHealth solutions. The online survey on 562 Austrian adults (58.9% females) collected self-reported data on current and expected use of smartphone-based health applications (apps) of digital natives (35 years and younger) and digital immigrants (aged 35+)...
December 2018: Informatics for Health & Social Care
Lena Griebel, Heidi Enwald, Heidi Gilstad, Anna-Lena Pohl, Julia Moreland, Martin Sedlmayr
The concept of electronic health (eHealth) literacy evolved from the social and information sciences and describes competencies necessary to use electronic health services. As it is a rather new topic, and as there is no current overview of the state of the art in research, it is not possible to identify research gaps. Therefore, the objective of this viewpoint article is to increase knowledge on the current state of the art of research in eHealth literacy and to identify gaps in scientific research which should be focused on by the research community in the future...
December 2018: Informatics for Health & Social Care
Li Ping Wong, Sharina Mahavera Mohamad Shakir, Wen Ting Tong, Haridah Alias, Nasrin Aghamohammadi, Kulenthran Arumugam
Medical students' use of online medical journals as a source of information is crucial in the learning pathway to become medical doctors. We conducted a cross-sectional survey study among University medical students between December 2012 and March 2013 to assess their awareness, perceived usefulness, practices, and barriers to seeking information from online academic databases and medical journals. The response rate was 67.53%. The majority of the students knew of the availability of online academic databases and medical journals...
December 2018: Informatics for Health & Social Care
Ahmad Tubaishat
BACKGROUND: Electronic health records (EHRs) are increasingly being implemented in healthcare organizations but little attention has been paid to the degree to which nurses as end-users will accept these systems and subsequently use them. OBJECTIVES: To explore nurses' perceptions of usefulness and ease-of-use of EHRs. The relationship between these constructs was examined, and its predictors were studied. METHOD: A national exploratory study was conducted with 1539 nurses from 15 randomly selected hospitals, representative of different regions and healthcare sectors in Jordan...
December 2018: Informatics for Health & Social Care
Putu Wuri Handayani, Achmad Nizar Hidayanto, Indra Budi
This study reviews the literature on the most important acceptance factors associated with Hospital Information Systems (HIS) and related technologies based on user groups' perspectives (medical staff, hospital management, administrative personnel, patient, medical student, and IT staff), which can assist researchers and hospital management to develop suitable acceptance models to improve the quality of HIS. We conducted searches in online databases with large repositories of academic studies, written in English and fully accessible by the authors...
December 2018: Informatics for Health & Social Care
Allison Garlinghouse, Shaina Rud, Kari Johnson, Tom Plocher, Daniel Klassen, Thomas Havey, Joseph E Gaugler
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the current project was to determine the feasibility of using 3D printed technology to facilitate reminiscence-related activities for persons with memory loss (PWMLs). METHODS: A parallel convergent mixed methods design was used. Fifteen PWMLs, 13 family members, and six staff from two residential long-term care facilities participated. Participants were observed and interviewed initially, during a 2-week reminiscence session, and again during a 1-month reminiscence session...
December 2018: Informatics for Health & Social Care
Samy A Azer, Raghad A Bokhari, Ghadah S AlSaleh, May M Alabdulaaly, Khawlah I Ateeq, Anthony P S Guerrero, Sarah Azer
The aims of this study were to determine the following: first, are there educationally useful videos of parents of children with autism sharing their experiences? Second, do any of the data related to videos help in identifying useful videos? And third, what do posted comments tell us? YouTube was searched for videos of parents sharing their experiences. The following parameters were collected: title, creator, URL, duration, number of viewers, likes, dislikes, comments, days on YouTube, and country. Based on agreed-upon criteria, videos were divided independently into educationally useful and non-useful categories...
September 2018: Informatics for Health & Social Care
Susan Quinn, Raymond Bond, Chris Nugent
Ontologies are often used in biomedical and health domains to provide a concise and consistent means of attributing meaning to medical terminology. While they are novices in terms of ontology engineering, the evaluation of an ontology by domain specialists provides an opportunity to enhance its objectivity, accuracy, and coverage of the domain itself. This paper provides an evaluation of the viability of using ontology engineering novices to evaluate and enrich an ontology that can be used for personalized diabetic patient education...
September 2018: Informatics for Health & Social Care
Karianne Røssummoen Øyen, Olivia Sissil Sunde, Marit Solheim, Sara Moricz, Siri Ytrehus
The aim of this study was to better understand nurses' and other staff members' attitudes toward the usefulness of information and communication technology in home-care settings. Research has found that beliefs about the expected benefits of information and communication technology impact the use of technology. Furthermore, inexperience with using information and communication technology may cause negative attitudes. This article is based on a questionnaire to 155 nurses and other staff members in home-care in Sogn og Fjordane county in Norway...
September 2018: Informatics for Health & Social Care
A L Hartzler, K Osterhage, G Demiris, E A Phelan, S M Thielke, A M Turner
BACKGROUND: Older adults apply various strategies to pursue healthy aging, but we know little about their views and use of personal health information to accomplish those ends. METHODS: As a first step in formulating the role of personal health information management (PHIM) in healthy aging, we explored the perspectives of older adults on health and health information used in their everyday lives through four focus groups with 25 community-dwelling adults aged 60 and over...
September 2018: Informatics for Health & Social Care
Mehrdad Farzandipour, Zahra Meidani, Hossein Riazi, Monireh Sadeqi Jabali
BACKGROUND: There are various approaches to evaluating the usability of electronic medical record (EMR) systems. User perspectives are an integral part of evaluation. Usability evaluations efficiently and effectively contribute to user-centered design and supports tasks and increase user satisfaction. This study determined the main usability requirements for EMRs by means of an end-user survey. METHOD: A mixed-method strategy was conducted in three phases. A qualitative approach was employed to collect and formulate EMR usability requirements using the focus group method and the modified Delphi technique...
September 2018: Informatics for Health & Social Care
Martina A Clarke, Joi L Moore, Linsey M Steege, Richelle J Koopman, Jeffery L Belden, Shannon M Canfield, Min S Kim
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine the information needs of primary care patients as they review clinic visit notes to inform information that should be contained in an after-visit summary (AVS). METHOD: We collected data from 15 patients with an acute illness and 14 patients with a chronic disease using semi-structured interviews. The acute patients reviewed seven major sections, and chronic patients reviewed eight major sections of a simulated, but realistic visit note to identify relevant information needs for their AVS...
September 2018: Informatics for Health & Social Care
Anna Heino, Maarit Niinimäki, Maarit Mentula, Mika Gissler
Finland's population-based health registers are widely used in health-monitoring and research. We assessed the quality of the Finnish Register on Induced Abortions and Sterilisations and compared it to the Hospital Discharge Register. Ten hospitals out of 67 public hospitals performing induced abortions and sterilizations and three randomly selected months in 2011 were included. This data was compared to the data in the Register on Induced Abortions and Sterilisations. The sample presented 43.1% of all induced abortions and sterilizations during the study months...
September 2018: Informatics for Health & Social Care
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