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Informatics for Health & Social Care

Amornrat Luenam, Wongsa Laohasiriwong, Nattapong Puttanapong, Jiamjit Saengsuwan, Teerasak Phajan
This study aimed to determine the association between socioeconomic determinants and Chronic Respiratory Diseases (CRDs) in Thailand. The data were used from the National Socioeconomics Survey (NSS), a cross-sectional study conducted by the National Statistical Office (NSO), in 2010 and 2012. The survey used stratified two-stage sampling to select a nationally representative sample to respond to a structured questionnaire. A total of 17,040 and 16,905 individuals in 2010 and 2012, respectively, were included in this analysis...
May 10, 2018: Informatics for Health & Social Care
Erin Abu-Rish Blakeney, Seth Wolpin, Danielle C Lavallee, Todd Dardas, Richard Cheng, Brenda Zierler
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this project was to build and formatively evaluate a near-real time heart failure (HF) data mart. Heart Failure (HF) is a leading cause of hospital readmissions. Increased efforts to use data meaningfully may enable healthcare organizations to better evaluate effectiveness of care pathways and quality improvements, and to prospectively identify risk among HF patients. METHODS AND PROCEDURES: We followed a modified version of the Systems Development Life Cycle: 1) Conceptualization, 2) Requirements Analysis, 3) Iterative Development, and 4) Application Release...
April 19, 2018: Informatics for Health & Social Care
Abdullah Al-Barnawi, Ying He, Leandros A Maglaras, Helge Janicke
OBJECTIVE: Electronic medical records systems and the associated risks have been well studied in developed countries; the same cannot be said for systems in developing countries. Previous research in Saudi Arabian health-care organizations has shown a low level of quality in hospital services due to ineffective risk management. The objective of this research is to apply the Systems Theoretic Accident Modelling and Processes (STAMP) risk management technique in Saudi Arabia and evaluate its implementation...
March 27, 2018: Informatics for Health & Social Care
Ebony Rempel, Lorie Donelle, Jodi Hall, Susan Rodger
Violence against women (VAW) is a global social issue affecting health, social, and legal systems. VAW contributes to the inequities with respect to the social determinants of health that many women face today. The onus on self-care in the face of violence remains almost singularly with the victims. Access to information and services in support of women's health and safety is fundamental. However, research gaps exist regarding how women access health information across all stages of an abusive intimate relationship...
March 14, 2018: Informatics for Health & Social Care
Shahzad Ahmed, Christopher V Almario, William D Chey, Lori A Robbins, Bianca Chang, Joseph Ahn, Jeffrey Ko, Phillip Gu, Alvin Siu, Brennan M R Spiegel
OBJECTIVE: Little is known about the agreement between referring providers' reason for specialty evaluation and patients' understanding of why they are referred for consultation. Here, we compared the reason for consult (RFC) documented by referring providers during usual care vs. the perceived RFC independently reported by patients through an e-portal just prior to the specialist visit. METHODS: We performed an observational study among patients referred for gastrointestinal (GI) evaluation...
March 6, 2018: Informatics for Health & Social Care
Brita Sedlmayr, Jennifer Schöffler, Hans-Ulrich Prokosch, Martin Sedlmayr
BACKGROUND: The use of a nationwide medication plan has been promoted as an effective strategy to improve patient safety in Germany. However, the medication plan only exists as a paper-based version, which is related to several problems, that could be circumvented by an electronic alternative. OBJECTIVE: The main objective of this study was to report on the development of a mobile interface concept to support the management of medication information. METHODS: The human-centered design (UCD) process was chosen...
March 5, 2018: Informatics for Health & Social Care
Sarah Iribarren, Samantha Stonbraker, Niurka Suero-Tejeda, Maribel Granja, José A Luchsinger, Mary Mittelman, Suzanne Bakken, Robert J Lucero
PURPOSE: To identify the information and communication needs of Hispanic family caregivers for individuals with Alzheimer's Disease and Related Dementias (ADRD) and the manner in which online tools may meet those needs. METHODS: We conducted 11 participatory design sessions with 10 English- and 14 Spanish-speaking urban-dwelling Hispanic family caregivers and gathered data using a survey, collage assemblage, and audio and video recordings. Four investigators analyzed transcripts of audio recordings with a coding framework informed by several conceptual models...
March 5, 2018: Informatics for Health & Social Care
Jia Li, Xuan Liu, Ling Ma, Weiqiang Zhang
INTRODUCTION: The key step in changing health behavior is understanding why users continue to use fitness apps. Therefore, we intend to investigate the users' intention to continue using social fitness-tracking apps. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We identify two major forces driving continuous behavior. Expectation confirmation is the internal driving force and social comparison is the external driving force. A survey was conducted to test this proposed research model...
March 5, 2018: Informatics for Health & Social Care
Samy A Azer, Raghad A Bokhari, Ghadah S AlSaleh, May M Alabdulaaly, Khawlah I Ateeq, Anthony P S Guerrero, Sarah Azer
The aims of this study were to determine the following: first, are there educationally useful videos of parents of children with autism sharing their experiences? Second, do any of the data related to videos help in identifying useful videos? And third, what do posted comments tell us? YouTube was searched for videos of parents sharing their experiences. The following parameters were collected: title, creator, URL, duration, number of viewers, likes, dislikes, comments, days on YouTube, and country. Based on agreed-upon criteria, videos were divided independently into educationally useful and non-useful categories...
September 2018: Informatics for Health & Social Care
Hilde Solli, Ida Torunn Bjørk, Sigrun Hvalvik, Ragnhild Hellesø
OBJECTIVE: To explore the relationships that emerge amongst caregivers of persons with dementia and stroke when caregivers use written messages as their communication tool in a closed information and communication technology (ICT)-based support group. METHODS: An explorative design with a qualitative approach was used that applied systematic text condensation (STC) to analyse 173 written messages extracted from a web forum. RESULTS: Empathetic, empowering and familiar relationships emerged amongst peers of older caregivers when the caregivers used written messages as their communication tool...
March 2018: Informatics for Health & Social Care
Jorge Tavares, Amélia Goulão, Tiago Oliveira
BACKGROUND: The future of healthcare delivery is becoming more citizen centered, as today's user is more active and better informed. Governmental institutions are promoting the deployment and use of online services such as Electronic Health Record (EHR) portals. This makes the adoption of EHR portals an important field to study and understand. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to understand the factors that drive individuals to adopt EHR portals. METHODS: This study applies the extended unified theory of acceptance and usage technology (UTAUT2) to explain patients' individual adoption of EHR portals...
March 2018: Informatics for Health & Social Care
Yong-Mi Kim, Dursun Delen
BACKGROUND: Studies on diabetes have shown that population subgroups have varying rates of medical events and related procedures; however, existing studies have investigated either medical events or procedures, and hence, it is unknown whether disparities exist between medical events and procedures. PURPOSE: The objective of this study is to investigate how diabetes-related medical events and procedures are different across population subgroups through a social determinants of health (SDH) perspective...
March 2018: Informatics for Health & Social Care
Pirjo Kaakinen, Helvi Kyngäs, Maria Kääriäinen
BACKGROUND: The number of overweight and obese children and adolescents has increased worldwide. Obese children and adolescents need counseling interventions, including technology-based methods, to help them manage their weight by changing their lifestyles. OBJECTIVE: To describe technology-based counseling interventions in supporting obese or overweight children and adolescents to change their weight/lifestyle. DESIGN: Descriptive systematic literature review...
March 2018: Informatics for Health & Social Care
Yanjun Wang, Jianzhong Zheng, Ailian Zhang, Wei Zhou, Haiyuan Dong
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to reveal research hotspots in the field of regional health information networks (RHINs) and use visualization techniques to explore their evolution over time and differences between countries. METHODS: We conducted a literature review for a 50-year period and compared the prevalence of certain index terms during the periods 1963-1993 and 1994-2014 and in six countries. We applied keyword frequency analysis, keyword co-occurrence analysis, multidimensional scaling analysis, and network visualization technology...
March 2018: Informatics for Health & Social Care
Godfried Bakiyem Adaba, Yohannes Kebebew
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: This paper presents the findings of an action research (AR) project to improve a health information system (HIS) at the Operating Theater Department (OTD) of a National Health Service (NHS) hospital in South East England, the UK. METHODS: Informed by socio-technical systems (STS) theory, AR was used to design an intervention to enhance an existing patient administration system (PAS) to enable data entries in real time while contributing to the literature...
March 2018: Informatics for Health & Social Care
Jonathan Joe, Amanda Hall, Nai-Ching Chi, Hilaire Thompson, George Demiris
OBJECTIVE: To explore older adults' preferences regarding e-health applications through use of generated concepts that inform wellness tool design. METHODS: The 6-8-5 method and affinity mapping were used to create e-health design ideas that were translated into storyboards and scenarios. Focus groups were conducted to obtain feedback on the prototypes and included participant sketching. A qualitative analysis of the focus groups for emerging themes was conducted, and sketches were analyzed...
March 2018: Informatics for Health & Social Care
Owais A Hussain, Khurum N Junejo
Tuberculosis (TB) is a deadly contagious disease and a serious global health problem. It is curable but due to its lengthy treatment process, a patient is likely to leave the treatment incomplete, leading to a more lethal, drug resistant form of disease. The World Health Organization (WHO) propagates Directly Observed Therapy Short-course (DOTS) as an effective way to stop the spread of TB in communities with a high burden. But DOTS also adds a significant burden on the financial feasibility of the program...
February 20, 2018: Informatics for Health & Social Care
Fadi Thabtah
Autistic Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is a mental disorder that retards acquisition of linguistic, communication, cognitive, and social skills and abilities. Despite being diagnosed with ASD, some individuals exhibit outstanding scholastic, non-academic, and artistic capabilities, in such cases posing a challenging task for scientists to provide answers. In the last few years, ASD has been investigated by social and computational intelligence scientists utilizing advanced technologies such as machine learning to improve diagnostic timing, precision, and quality...
February 13, 2018: Informatics for Health & Social Care
P W Handayani, A N Hidayanto, A A Pinem, P I Sandhyaduhita, I Budi
This study aimed to identify and rank user acceptance factors regarding the implementation of hospital information systems (HIS) based on the views of the following user groups: doctors, nurses, hospital management, and administrative staff (operators). The results should provide guidance for hospital management and HIS developers on meeting user requirements. The study was carried out using both qualitative and quantitative methods. The authors conducted interviews and distributed questionnaires to doctors, nurses, hospital management, and administrative staff in a government-owned Indonesian public hospital...
January 2018: Informatics for Health & Social Care
Yew Kong Lee, Ping Yein Lee, Chirk Jenn Ng, Chin Hai Teo, Ahmad Ihsan Abu Bakar, Khatijah Lim Abdullah, Ee Ming Khoo, Nik Sherina Hanafi, Wah Yun Low, Thiam Kian Chiew
This study aimed to evaluate the usability (ease of use) and utility (impact on user's decision-making process) of a web-based patient decision aid (PDA) among older-age users. A pragmatic, qualitative research design was used. We recruited patients with type 2 diabetes who were at the point of making a decision about starting insulin from a tertiary teaching hospital in Malaysia in 2014. Computer screen recording software was used to record the website browsing session and in-depth interviews were conducted while playing back the website recording...
January 2018: Informatics for Health & Social Care
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