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Informatics for Health & Social Care

Ebony Rempel, Lorie Donelle, Jodi Hall, Susan Rodger
Violence against women (VAW) is a global social issue affecting health, social, and legal systems. VAW contributes to the inequities with respect to the social determinants of health that many women face today. The onus on self-care in the face of violence remains almost singularly with the victims. Access to information and services in support of women's health and safety is fundamental. However, research gaps exist regarding how women access health information across all stages of an abusive intimate relationship...
March 14, 2018: Informatics for Health & Social Care
Shahzad Ahmed, Christopher V Almario, William D Chey, Lori A Robbins, Bianca Chang, Joseph Ahn, Jeffrey Ko, Phillip Gu, Alvin Siu, Brennan M R Spiegel
OBJECTIVE: Little is known about the agreement between referring providers' reason for specialty evaluation and patients' understanding of why they are referred for consultation. Here, we compared the reason for consult (RFC) documented by referring providers during usual care vs. the perceived RFC independently reported by patients through an e-portal just prior to the specialist visit. METHODS: We performed an observational study among patients referred for gastrointestinal (GI) evaluation...
March 6, 2018: Informatics for Health & Social Care
Brita Sedlmayr, Jennifer Schöffler, Hans-Ulrich Prokosch, Martin Sedlmayr
BACKGROUND: The use of a nationwide medication plan has been promoted as an effective strategy to improve patient safety in Germany. However, the medication plan only exists as a paper-based version, which is related to several problems, that could be circumvented by an electronic alternative. OBJECTIVE: The main objective of this study was to report on the development of a mobile interface concept to support the management of medication information. METHODS: The human-centered design (UCD) process was chosen...
March 5, 2018: Informatics for Health & Social Care
Sarah Iribarren, Samantha Stonbraker, Niurka Suero-Tejeda, Maribel Granja, José A Luchsinger, Mary Mittelman, Suzanne Bakken, Robert J Lucero
PURPOSE: To identify the information and communication needs of Hispanic family caregivers for individuals with Alzheimer's Disease and Related Dementias (ADRD) and the manner in which online tools may meet those needs. METHODS: We conducted 11 participatory design sessions with 10 English- and 14 Spanish-speaking urban-dwelling Hispanic family caregivers and gathered data using a survey, collage assemblage, and audio and video recordings. Four investigators analyzed transcripts of audio recordings with a coding framework informed by several conceptual models...
March 5, 2018: Informatics for Health & Social Care
Jia Li, Xuan Liu, Ling Ma, Weiqiang Zhang
INTRODUCTION: The key step in changing health behavior is understanding why users continue to use fitness apps. Therefore, we intend to investigate the users' intention to continue using social fitness-tracking apps. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We identify two major forces driving continuous behavior. Expectation confirmation is the internal driving force and social comparison is the external driving force. A survey was conducted to test this proposed research model...
March 5, 2018: Informatics for Health & Social Care
Owais A Hussain, Khurum N Junejo
Tuberculosis (TB) is a deadly contagious disease and a serious global health problem. It is curable but due to its lengthy treatment process, a patient is likely to leave the treatment incomplete, leading to a more lethal, drug resistant form of disease. The World Health Organization (WHO) propagates Directly Observed Therapy Short-course (DOTS) as an effective way to stop the spread of TB in communities with a high burden. But DOTS also adds a significant burden on the financial feasibility of the program...
February 20, 2018: Informatics for Health & Social Care
Samy A Azer, Raghad A Bokhari, Ghadah S AlSaleh, May M Alabdulaaly, Khawlah I Ateeq, Anthony P S Guerrero, Sarah Azer
The aims of this study were to determine the following: first, are there educationally useful videos of parents of children with autism sharing their experiences? Second, do any of the data related to videos help in identifying useful videos? And third, what do posted comments tell us? YouTube was searched for videos of parents sharing their experiences. The following parameters were collected: title, creator, URL, duration, number of viewers, likes, dislikes, comments, days on YouTube, and country. Based on agreed-upon criteria, videos were divided independently into educationally useful and non-useful categories...
February 20, 2018: Informatics for Health & Social Care
Fadi Thabtah
Autistic Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is a mental disorder that retards acquisition of linguistic, communication, cognitive, and social skills and abilities. Despite being diagnosed with ASD, some individuals exhibit outstanding scholastic, non-academic, and artistic capabilities, in such cases posing a challenging task for scientists to provide answers. In the last few years, ASD has been investigated by social and computational intelligence scientists utilizing advanced technologies such as machine learning to improve diagnostic timing, precision, and quality...
February 13, 2018: Informatics for Health & Social Care
Marlene Naszay, Andreas Stockinger, David Jungwirth, Daniela Haluza
New technological developments affect almost every sector of our daily lives including the healthcare sector. Successful adoption and sustainable integration of eHealth and telemedicine in Public Health strategies (also known as Public eHealth) depend on knowledge and constant evaluation of consumers' needs, proficiencies, and preferences. We therefore assessed how the general Austrian population perceived innovative Public eHealth solutions. The online survey on 562 Austrian adults (58.9% females) collected self-reported data on current and expected use of smartphone-based health applications (apps) of digital natives (35 years and younger) and digital immigrants (aged 35+)...
December 19, 2017: Informatics for Health & Social Care
Ahmad Tubaishat
BACKGROUND: Electronic health records (EHRs) are increasingly used in healthcare settings and it is believed that they have brought benefits to patients and healthcare services alike. Few previous studies, however, have explored the impact of these records on patient safety. AIM: The overall purpose of this study was to explore the effect of EHRs on patient safety, as perceived by nurses. METHODS: This qualitative exploratory study was conducted using semi-structured interviews with staff nurses working in hospitals that employed the same EHR system in Jordan...
December 14, 2017: Informatics for Health & Social Care
Lihong Zhou
OBJECTIVE: This paper reports on a research study, which aims to identify, qualify, and theorize the external barriers that prevent and hinder the exercises and activities of patient-centered knowledge sharing (KS) in healthcare organizations. METHODS: The project adopted a qualitative secondary analysis approach as the overarching methodology to guide the analysis of data collected in a previously completed research study. Specifically, 46 semi-structured interview data were included and analyzed using a thematic analysis approach...
December 2017: Informatics for Health & Social Care
Mohammad S Alyahya, Heba H Hijazi, Hussam A Alshraideh, Amjad D Al-Nasser
BACKGROUND: There is a growing concern that reduction in hospital length of stay (LOS) may raise the rate of hospital readmission. This study aims to identify the rate of avoidable 30-day readmission and find out the association between LOS and readmission. METHODS: All consecutive patient admissions to the internal medicine services (n = 5,273) at King Abdullah University Hospital in Jordan between 1 December 2012 and 31 December 2013 were analyzed. To identify avoidable readmissions, a validated computerized algorithm called SQLape was used...
December 2017: Informatics for Health & Social Care
Michael A Cucciare, Andrea L Jamison, Ann S Combs, Gauri Joshi, Ramsey C Cheung, Catherine Rongey, Joe Huggins, Keith Humphreys
OBJECTIVE: This study adapted an existing computer-delivered brief alcohol intervention (cBAI) for use in Veterans with the hepatitis C virus (HCV) and examined its acceptability and feasibility in this patient population. METHODS: A four-stage model consisting of initial pilot testing, qualitative interviews with key stakeholders, development of a beta version of the cBAI, and usability testing was used to achieve the study objectives. RESULTS: In-depth interviews gathered feedback for modifying the cBAI, including adding HCV-related content such as the health effects of alcohol on liver functioning, immune system functioning, and management of HCV, a preference for concepts to be displayed through "newer looking" graphics, and limiting the use of text to convey key concepts...
December 2017: Informatics for Health & Social Care
Ying He, Chris Johnson
Security incidents can have negative impacts on healthcare organizations, and the security of medical records has become a primary concern of the public. However, previous studies showed that organizations had not effectively learned lessons from security incidents. Incident learning as an essential activity in the "follow-up" phase of security incident response lifecycle has long been addressed but not given enough attention. This paper conducted a case study in a healthcare organization in China to explore their current obstacles in the practice of incident learning...
December 2017: Informatics for Health & Social Care
Nina Dethlefs, Maarten Milders, Heriberto Cuayáhuitl, Turkey Al-Salkini, Lorraine Douglas
Currently, an estimated 36 million people worldwide are affected by Alzheimer's disease or related dementias. In the absence of a cure, non-pharmacological interventions, such as cognitive stimulation, which slow down the rate of deterioration can benefit people with dementia and their caregivers. Such interventions have shown to improve well-being and slow down the rate of cognitive decline. It has further been shown that cognitive stimulation in interaction with a computer is as effective as with a human...
December 2017: Informatics for Health & Social Care
Puangrat Jinpon, Mullica Jaroensutasinee, Krisanadej Jaroensutasinee
Community well-being refers to the qualities of an optimally healthy community life. This is the ultimate goal of all the various processes and strategies created to meet the needs of people living together in communities. We propose a holistic integrated visualization, in the form of a community well-being assessment system, as a web-based advanced tool to be used by the executive and health officers of the sub-district administration organization (SAO) network to improve decision-making in order to strengthen their communities...
December 2017: Informatics for Health & Social Care
Vincenzo Della Mea, Omar Quattrin, Maria Parpinel
BACKGROUND: Obesity and physical inactivity are the most important risk factors for chronic diseases. The present study aimed at (i) developing and testing a method for classifying household activities based on a smartphone accelerometer; (ii) evaluating the influence of smartphone position; and (iii) evaluating the acceptability of wearing a smartphone for activity recognition. METHODS: An Android application was developed to record accelerometer data and calculate descriptive features on 5-second time blocks, then classified with nine algorithms...
December 2017: Informatics for Health & Social Care
Christiana McMahon, Spiros Denaxas
BACKGROUND: Informed consent is an important feature of longitudinal research studies as it enables the linking of the baseline participant information with administrative data. The lack of standardized models to capture consent elements can lead to substantial challenges. A structured approach to capturing consent-related metadata can address these. OBJECTIVES: a) Explore the state-of-the-art for recording consent; b) Identify key elements of consent required for record linkage; and c) Create and evaluate a novel metadata management model to capture consent-related metadata...
November 6, 2017: Informatics for Health & Social Care
Chung-Feng Liu, Tain-Junn Cheng, Chin-Tung Chen
This paper proposes an integrated model for investigating how physicians' perceived individual and technology characteristics affect their technological stress (technostress) that is derived from using mobile electronic medical records (MEMRs). Individual characteristics comprise constructs of mobile self-efficacy and technology dependence, whereas perceived technology characteristics comprise constructs of perceived usefulness, complexity, and reliability. We employed the survey method to collect 158 valid questionnaires from physicians working at three branch hospitals to determine perceptions regarding MEMRs, yielding a response rate of 33...
October 25, 2017: Informatics for Health & Social Care
Lena Griebel, Heidi Enwald, Heidi Gilstad, Anna-Lena Pohl, Julia Moreland, Martin Sedlmayr
The concept of electronic health (eHealth) literacy evolved from the social and information sciences and describes competencies necessary to use electronic health services. As it is a rather new topic, and as there is no current overview of the state of the art in research, it is not possible to identify research gaps. Therefore, the objective of this viewpoint article is to increase knowledge on the current state of the art of research in eHealth literacy and to identify gaps in scientific research which should be focused on by the research community in the future...
October 18, 2017: Informatics for Health & Social Care
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