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International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases

Victoria L Johnson, Ali Guermazi, Frank W Roemer, David J Hunter
AIM: The aim of this study was to examine the difference in the pattern of articular damage in persons with either a partial anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) tear; a complete ACL tear or no ACL tear. METHODS: Our study included 600 individuals (of the 600 individuals, 25 with a partial, 12 with a complete ACL tear and 563 with no ACL tear) from the progression sub-cohort of the Osteoarthritis Initiative. Individuals had a mean age of 61.8 years (range 45-79 years)...
December 30, 2016: International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases
Manal M Sedky Abdou, Soha M El Desouky, Khaled M Helmy El Kaffas, Abeer M Ahmed Hassan
AIM: To detect premature atherosclerosis in systemic sclerosis (SSc) patients and its relation to disease parameters and traditional risk factors. METHOD: This study included 40 SSc patients and 40 healthy age and sex matched controls. All patients were subjected to full history taking, clinical examination, relevant laboratory and radiological investigations. Doppler ultrasonography (US) of the common carotid was performed to measure intima-media thickness (ccIMT) and Doppler US of the brachial artery was performed to measure flow mediated dilatation (FMD)...
December 30, 2016: International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases
Emanuel Della-Torre, Antonio Conti, Alvise Berti, Mona Rita Yacoub, Massimo Alessio
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 30, 2016: International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases
Raheleh Assari, Yahya Aghighi, Vahid Ziaee, Maryam Sadr, Arezou Rezaei, Farzaneh Rahmani, Zeinab Sadr, Seyed Reza Raeeskarami, Mohammad Hassan Moradinejad, Nima Rezaei
AIM: Kawasaki disease (KD) is a systemic vasculitis of medium-sized arteries. High levels of interleukin 4 (IL-4) and the dominance of Th2 cytokines seem to be a key feature in the acute phase of KD. In this study, the role of IL-4 and IL-4R gene polymorphisms were investigated in Iranian children with KD. METHODS: Fifty-five patients with KD and 140 healthy subjects as a control group were enrolled in this study. Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of IL-4 gene at positions -1098 (rs2243248), -590 (rs2243250) and -33 (rs2070874), as well as IL-4RA gene at position +1902 (rs180275) were assessed in patients and the control group...
December 30, 2016: International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases
Chong Hong Lim, Ching-Tsai Lin, Yi-Hsing Chen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 30, 2016: International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases
Lauren E Franzblau, Keming Wang, Xuebing Liang, Yang Guo, Yingni Li, Yu-Chieh Jay Lin, Sunghee Lee, Beth-Ellen Pennell, Melissa J Shauver, Kevin C Chung
AIM: In China, hand surgeons treat fewer rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients compared to other countries. We investigated whether physician and surgeon knowledge, attitudes and practices regarding RA hand deformities reflect current evidence and may contribute to the low utilization of surgery. METHOD: We surveyed hand surgeons and rheumatologists at three tertiary hospitals in Beijing, China. Questionnaires were developed from literature and expert review to assess their knowledge, attitudes and practice patterns related to rheumatoid hand surgery...
December 30, 2016: International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases
Pulukool Sandhya, Pamela Christudoss, Jayakanthan Kabeerdoss, Santosh K Mandal, Ramya Aithala, Gowri Mahasampath, Victoria Job, Debashish Danda
OBJECTIVE: To estimate levels of salivary and serum free light chains (FLCs) and explore its utility as a biomarker in primary Sjögren's syndrome (pSS). METHODS: Patients with pSS classified by American European Consensus group 2002 or American College of Rheumatology 2012 criteria between January 2015 and August 2015 were included. Healthy staff and non-first degree relatives of patients constituted controls. Serum and salivary FLCs were measured by immunoturbidometry using FREELITE(™) Human Kappa(κ) and Lambda(λ) Free Kit (Binding site, Birmingham, UK), on a Roche Modular P800...
December 30, 2016: International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases
Aman Sharma, Benzeeta Pinto, Aadhaar Dhooria, Manish Rathi, Manphool Singhal, Varun Dhir, Kusum Sharma, Mahesh Parkash, Manish Modi, Rajesh Vijayvergiya, Saroj K Sinha, Ritambhra Nada, Ranjana Walkar Minz, Surjit Singh
OBJECTIVE: There has been a significant decrease in the number of published reports of classical polyarteritis nodosa (PAN) in the post-Chapel Hill consensus conference (CHCC) nomenclature era with only two series published from Asia. We report a case series of PAN from north India. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective study of all patients diagnosed to have PAN according to American College of Rheumatology criteria/CHCC nomenclature. The details of clinical presentation, investigation findings, treatment details and outcomes were noted from the records...
December 19, 2016: International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases
Premarani Sinnathurai, Wendy Lau, Ana Julia Vieira de Ribeiro, William W Bachovchin, Helen Englert, Graydon Howe, David Spencer, Nicholas Manolios, Mark D Gorrell
AIM: To quantify circulating fibroblast activation protein (cFAP) and dipeptidyl peptidase 4 (cDPP4) protease activities in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), systemic sclerosis (SSc), and a control group with mechanical back pain and to correlate plasma levels with disease characteristics. METHODS: Plasma was collected from patients with RA (n = 73), SSc (n = 37) and control subjects (n = 26). DPP4 and FAP were quantified using specific enzyme activity assays...
December 19, 2016: International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases
Mihir D Wechalekar, Malcolm D Smith
Synovial membrane (SM) pathology has provided valuable insights into our current understanding of immunopathological processes and treatment responses in the inflammatory arthritides. Amongst various methods of synovial biopsy, arthroscopic techniques remain the 'gold standard' owing to better sampling from sites of interest, particularly in patients with partially treated disease and from areas within joints that may be difficult to access using other techniques. Newer sophisticated techniques of SM membrane analyses allow assessment of differentially regulated pathways, the knowledge of which may help elucidate diagnostic and therapeutic targets in an attempt towards developing strategies for personalised medicine in the current era of targeted biologic therapies...
December 19, 2016: International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases
Daniel Camprubí, Francesca Mitjavila, Juan I Arostegui, Xavier Corbella
Tumor necrosis factor receptor-associated periodic syndrome (TRAPS) is a dominantly inherited autoinflammatory disease caused by TNFRSF1A mutations. Patients with TRAPS suffer from recurrent, long episodes with fever, arthralgia/arthritis, migratory myalgias, abdominal pain, serositis, conjunctivitis and migratory erythematous skin rash. More than 70 different TNFRSF1A mutations have been reported to date, and as consequence of its genetic heterogeneity, TRAPS shows a variable phenotypic expression. Among TNFRSF1A variants, the low-penetrance p...
December 19, 2016: International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases
Eduard Ling, Galina Ling, Vered Pinsk
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 12, 2016: International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases
Laurence S G Teoh, Jillian P Eyles, Joanna Makovey, Matthew Williams, C Kent Kwoh, David J Hunter
AIM: To determine the impact of an osteoarthritis-specific multidisciplinary conservative care program (OACCP) on willingness for surgery (WFS) and to identify changes and factors in our cohort that influence and predict willingness for surgery. METHODS: Consecutive OACCP participants with hip or knee OA, with WFS (willing, unsure or unwilling) data for at least two appointments were included. The proportions of unwilling versus willing/unsure patients at baseline and last appointment were compared using McNemar's test...
December 12, 2016: International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases
Vasanth Konda Mohan, Nalini Ganesan, Rajasekhar Gopalakrishnan, Vettriselvi Venkatesan
AIM: To investigate the presence of the 'shared epitope' (SE) in the HLA-DRB1 alleles in patients with RA and to ascertain the frequency of the HLA-DRB1 alleles with autoantibodies (anti-cyclic citrullinated peptide [anti-CCP] rheumatoid factor [RF]) and disease severity. METHODS: A total of 200 RA patients and 200 apparently healthy subjects participated in the study. HLA-DRB1 were genotyped using polymerase chain reaction with sequence-specific primer (PCR-SSP)...
December 10, 2016: International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases
Alejandro Fernández Morales, Nerea Iniesta, Andreu Fernández-Codina, Joana Vaz de Cunha, Teresa Pérez Romero, Robert Hurtado García, Carmen Pilar Simeón-Aznar, Vicent Fonollosa, Ricard Cervera, Gerard Espinosa
AIM: To describe the clinical characteristics, treatment and outcome of patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc) developing severe pericardial effusion or cardiac tamponade. METHODS: SSc patients with severe pericardial effusion or cardiac tamponade from three Spanish hospitals were collected. In addition, a computer-assisted (PubMed, MEDLINE) search of the literature to identify all cases of cardiac tamponade or severe pericardial effusion associated with SSc reported in English, French and Spanish from 1987 through September 2015 was performed...
December 10, 2016: International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases
Hong-Wei Tam, Kai-Jieh Yeo, Pui-Ying Leong, Chao-Hsi Chen, Yuan-Chao Li, Chien-Ming Ma, Yu-Hsun Wang, Jeng-Yuan Chiou, James Cheng-Chung Wei
AIM: To assess the effects of celecoxib and sulfasalazine on cardiovascular risk in patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS). METHODS: We performed a 10-year population-based retrospective cohort study. A total of 1208 AS patients and 19 328 non-AS patients were sampled from the Taiwan National Health Insurance (NHI) database. We compared these two groups of patients to identify the differences in the exposure of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and sulfasalazine and their effects on cardiovascular risk...
December 10, 2016: International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases
S Chandrashekara, Vineeta Shobha, B G Dharmanand, Ramesh Jois, Sharath Kumar, Kurugodu Mathada Mahendranath, Vikram Haridas, Shiva Prasad, Yogesh Singh, Manisha Ashwin Daware, Anupama Swamy, R Subramanian, Srirama Attappa Somashekar, Arun Madhanaghatta Shanthappa, K R Anupama
AIM: To estimate the prevalence of extra-articular manifestations (EAM) in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients and the impact of demographic, clinical and treatment factors. METHOD: The study was carried out as a part of 'Karnataka Rheumatoid arthritis comorbidity (KRAC) study' conducted at 14 centers across Karnataka, India between September 2014 and July 2015. The data were collected by trained clinical research associates using a structured pro forma, under the supervision of the consulting rheumatologists...
December 10, 2016: International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases
Kyoko Kondo, Seiya Jingushi, Satoko Ohfuji, Muroto Sofue, Moritoshi Itoman, Tadami Matsumoto, Yoshiki Hamada, Hiroyuki Shindo, Yoshio Takatori, Harumoto Yamada, Yuji Yasunaga, Hiroshi Ito, Satoshi Mori, Ichiro Owan, Genji Fujii, Hirotsugu Ohashi, Wakaba Fukushima, Akiko Maeda, Miki Inui, Shinji Takahashi, Yoshio Hirota
AIM: As society ages, there is a vast number of elderly people with locomotive syndrome. In this study, the factors associated with functional limitations in daily living activities evaluated by female hip osteoarthritis (OA) patients were investigated. METHODS: This study was a cross-sectional study. The subjects were 353 female patients who were newly diagnosed with hip OA at an orthopedic clinic with no history of hip joint surgery. Outcome indices were functional limitations in two daily living activities obtained from a questionnaire completed by the patients: (i) standing up (standing from a crouched position) and (ii) stair-climbing (climbing and/or descending stairs)...
December 10, 2016: International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases
Teppei Hashimoto, Kohsuke Yoshida, Naonori Hashimoto, Ayako Nakai, Kenta Kaneshiro, Kohjin Suzuki, Yoshiko Kawasaki, Nao Shibanuma, Akira Hashiramoto
AIM: To evaluate the correlation between circulating cell-free DNA (ccfDNA) in plasma and clinical disease activities in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHOD: The study group included 30 patients with RA who started biological disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs (DMARDs) therapy. The concentration of ccfDNA in plasma was measured by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction at baseline to 24 weeks in every 4-week period from 30 patients and 21 healthy individuals...
December 10, 2016: International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases
Kenya Nishioka, Toyoyoshi Uchida, Chie Usui, Ryota Tanaka, Takashi Matsushima, Yoshifuji Matsumoto, Ikuro Nakamura, Kusuki Nishioka, Nobutaka Hattori
AIM: Fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS) is defined as chronic widespread pain that cannot be accounted for by any other medical disorder. Our aim was to explore the prevalence of thyroid autoimmunity in patients with FMS. METHODS: For determining thyroid function in 207 FMS patients, we tested for the titers of free tri-iodothyronine, free thyroxine, thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH), anti-thyroid peroxidase antibody (TPOAb), anti-thyroglobulin antibody (TgAb) and anti-TSH receptor antibody (TRAb)...
November 30, 2016: International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases
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