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Journal of Ovarian Research

Ji Pang, Pengcheng Jiang, Ying Wang, Lu Jiang, Hai Qian, Yan Tao, Ruxia Shi, Jizong Gao, Yongchang Chen, Yan Wu
BACKGROUND: The recurrence, metastasis and poor prognosis are important characteristics of ovarian carcinoma (OC), which are associated with exfoliation of cells from the primary tumor and colonization of the cells in pelvic cavity. On the other hand, the life quality of the patients undergoing surgical resection of OC was influenced by postoperative adhesions. Therefore, preventing postoperative implant tumor and adhesion may be effective methods to improve OC treatment. HyaRegen Gel, a cross-linked hyaluronan gel (CHAG), has been widely used as an anti-adhesive agent following pelvic operation in clinic...
March 6, 2018: Journal of Ovarian Research
Hanifi Sahin, Mehmet Mutlu Meydanli, Mustafa Erkan Sari, Ibrahim Yalcin, Gonca Çoban, Nazlı Topfedaisi Ozkan, Zeliha Firat Cuylan, Baki Erdem, Kemal Gungorduk, Özgür Akbayir, Murat Dede, Mustafa Coşkun Salman, Tayfun Güngör, Ali Ayhan
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this retrospective study was to determine the prognosis of non-serous epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) patients with exclusively retroperitoneal lymph node (LN) metastases, and to compare the prognosis of these women to that of patients who had abdominal peritoneal involvement. METHODS: A multicenter, retrospective department database review was performed to identify patients with stage III non-serous EOC at 7 gynecologic oncology centers in Turkey...
March 5, 2018: Journal of Ovarian Research
Cindy M Yamamoto, Melanie L Oakes, Taku Murakami, Michael G Muto, Ross S Berkowitz, Shu-Wing Ng
BACKGROUND: Extracellular vesicles (EVs) are considered as a new class of resources for potential biomarkers. We analyzed expression of specific mRNA and miRNA in EVs derived from ovarian cancer ascites and the ideal controls, peritoneal fluids from benign patients for potential early detection and prognostic biomarkers. METHODS: Fluids were collected from subjects with benign cysts or endometrioma (n = 10), or low/high grade serous ovarian carcinoma (n = 8)...
March 2, 2018: Journal of Ovarian Research
Roberta Rassi Mahamed, Carla Cristina Maganhin, Gisela Rodrigues Silva Sasso, Manuel de Jesus Simões, Maria Candida Pinheiro Baracat, Edmund Chada Baracat, José Maria Soares-
BACKGROUND: Metformin influences insulin receptor signaling, which might interfere with the proliferation of ovarian follicular structures and steroidogenesis. We hypothesize that reductions in glucose and insulin levels might interfere with CYP-17 expression and histomorphological changes in an androgenized rat model. The aim of this study was to analyze the effect of metformin on CYP-17 expression, follicular dynamics, and proliferative parameters in neonatally androgenized female rats...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Ovarian Research
Paul W Dyce, Neil Tenn, Gerald M Kidder
BACKGROUND: Retinoic acid (RA) signaling has been identified as a key driver in male and female gamete development. The presence of RA is a critical step in the initiation of meiosis and is required for the production of competent oocytes from primordial germ cells. Meiosis has been identified as a difficult biological process to recapitulate in vitro, when differentiating stem cells to germ cells. We have previously shown that primordial germ cell-like cells, and more advanced oocyte-like cells (OLCs), can be formed by differentiating mouse skin-derived stem cells...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Ovarian Research
Alicia Beeghly-Fadiel, Andrew J Wilson, Spencer Keene, Meral El Ramahi, Shu Xu, Lawrence J Marnett, Oluwole Fadare, Marta A Crispens, Dineo Khabele
BACKGROUND: High cyclooxygenase (COX)-2 expression in ovarian tumors has been associated with poor prognosis, but the role of COX-1 expression and its relation to survival is less clear. Here, we evaluated COX expression and associations with survival outcomes between type I (clear cell, mucinous, low grade endometrioid and low grade serous) and type II (high grade serous and high grade endometrioid) ovarian tumors. METHODS: We developed and validated a new COX-1 antibody, and conducted immunohistochemical (IHC) staining for COX-1 and COX-2 on a tissue microarray (TMA) of 190 primary ovarian tumors...
February 27, 2018: Journal of Ovarian Research
Ke Zhang, Xiangjun Kong, Guangde Feng, Wei Xiang, Long Chen, Fang Yang, Chunyu Cao, Yifei Ding, Hang Chen, Mingxing Chu, Pingqing Wang, Baoyun Zhang
BACKGROUND: Ovarian cancer is a leading cause of the death from gynecologic malignancies. Hypoxia is closely related to the malignant growth of cells. However, the molecular mechanism of hypoxia-regulated ovarian cancer cells remains unclear. Thus, this study was conducted to identify the key genes and pathways implicated in the regulation of hypoxia by bioinformatics analysis. METHODS: Using the datasets of GSE53012 downloaded from the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO), the differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were screened by comparing the RNA expression from cycling hypoxia group, chronic hypoxia group, and control group...
February 26, 2018: Journal of Ovarian Research
Ming-Ju Huang, Wei Zhang, Qi Wang, Zhi-Jun Yang, Sheng-Bin Liao, Li Li
BACKGROUND: Whether there is a mechanistic link between FOLR1 and response to cisplatin has not been extensively examined. In this study, we determine the expression of FOLR1 in ovarian cancer and examine if FOLR1 levels influence response to cisplatin. RESULTS: (1) FOLR1 protein expression was lowest in normal ovarian tissue, higher in benign ovarian tumors, and highest in malignant tumors (P < 0.01). (2) FOLR1 expression was decreased in platinum drug-resistant ovarian tumors compared to sensitive tumors (P < 0...
February 13, 2018: Journal of Ovarian Research
Wei-Ting Chao, Chia-Hao Liu, Yi-Jen Chen, Hua-Hsi Wu, Chi-Mu Chuang, Peng-Hui Wang
BACKGROUND: Pelvic masses are a common gynecologic problem, and majority of them are diagnosed as ovarian tumors finally. Sometimes, it is hard to distinguish the origin of these pelvic masses. The following case is a solitary neurofibroma arising from the right-side obturator nerve, which was impressed as a right-side ovarian tumor initially. We reported this case, and also performed a PRISMA-driven systematic review to summary the similar cases in the literature. This review includes image, molecular and pathological findings and outcome of neurofibroma...
February 9, 2018: Journal of Ovarian Research
Jiaheng Li, Riqiang Bao, Shiwei Peng, Chunping Zhang
Over these years, more and more sex cord-stromal tumors have been reported. Granulosa cell tumor (GCT) is a rare tumor in ovaries, accounts for 2% to 5% of ovarian cancers. The main different feature of GCTs from other ovarian cancers is that GCTs can lead to abnormally secreted hormones (estrogen, inhibin and Müllerian inhibiting substance). The GCT is divided into two categories according to the age of patients, namely AGCT (adult granulosa cell tumor) and JGCT (Juvenile granulosa cell tumor). AGCT patients accounts for 95%...
February 6, 2018: Journal of Ovarian Research
Colleen M Britain, Andrew T Holdbrooks, Joshua C Anderson, Christopher D Willey, Susan L Bellis
BACKGROUND: The ST6Gal-I sialyltransferase is upregulated in numerous cancers, and high expression of this enzyme correlates with poor patient prognosis in various malignancies, including ovarian cancer. Through its sialylation of a select cohort of cell surface receptors, ST6Gal-I modulates cell signaling to promote tumor cell survival. The goal of the present study was to investigate the influence of ST6Gal-I on another important receptor that controls cancer cell behavior, EGFR. Additionally, the effect of ST6Gal-I on cancer cells treated with the common EGFR inhibitor, gefitinib, was evaluated...
February 5, 2018: Journal of Ovarian Research
Sayaka Fujiwara, Hideaki Tsuyoshi, Toshiya Nishimura, Nozomu Takahashi, Yoshio Yoshida
BACKGROUND: Struma ovarii is a rare ovarian neoplasm that often appears malignant on conventional imaging. Pseudo-Meigs' syndrome with ascites, pleural effusion, and elevated serum CA 125 levels is much rarer and leads to misdiagnosis of ovarian cancer and unnecessary extended surgery. CASE PRESENTATION: A 50-year-old woman with abdominal distention and dyspnoea was referred to our hospital. Ultrasound, computed tomography (CT), and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed a polycystic ovarian tumor with a solid component, pleural effusion, and massive ascites with negative cytology...
February 2, 2018: Journal of Ovarian Research
Yuan-Yuan Qin, Yang-Yang Wu, Xiao-Ying Xian, Jin-Qiu Qin, Zhan-Feng Lai, Lin Liao, Fa-Quan Lin
BACKGROUND: Cancer is widely believed to result from chronic inflammation, and red cell distribution width (RDW) and mean platelet volume (MPV) are considered as inflammatory markers for cancer. We investigated the values of RDW, MPV, and cancer antigen 125 (CA125), alone or in combination, for distinguishing between ovarian cancer and benign ovarian tumors. METHODS: The study included 326 patients with ovarian cancer, 290 patients with benign ovarian tumors, and 162 control subjects...
January 22, 2018: Journal of Ovarian Research
Guobo Quan, Julang Li
Unlike other non-coding RNAs (ncRNAs), circular RNA (circRNA) is generally presented as a covalently linked circle lacking both a 5' cap and a 3' tail. circRNAs were thought to be spliced intermediates, byproducts, or products of abnormal RNA splicing events. However, the high-throughput sequencing technology coupled with bioinformatics has recently uncovered thousands of endogenous circRNAs in cells of many different species. These circRNAs show various features, such as abundant expression, evolutionary conservation, cell- or tissue-specific expression, and a higher resistance to degradation caused by exonuclease or ribonuclease (RNase), suggesting their potentially biological significance...
January 17, 2018: Journal of Ovarian Research
Luiz Gustavo de Almeida Chuffa, Grazielle de Moura Ferreira, Luiz Antonio Lupi, Iseu da Silva Nunes, Wagner José Fávaro
BACKGROUND: Toll-like receptors (TLRs) are transmembrane proteins expressed on the surface of ovarian cancer (OC) and immune cells. Identifying the specific roles of the TLR-mediated signaling pathways in OC cells is important to guide new treatments. Because immunotherapies have emerged as the adjuvant treatment for patients with OC, we investigated the effect of a promising immunotherapeutic strategy based on protein aggregate magnesium-ammonium phospholinoleate-palmitoleate anhydride (P-MAPA) combined with cisplatin (CIS) on the TLR2 and TLR4 signaling pathways via myeloid differentiation factor 88 (MyD88) and TLR-associated activator of interferon (TRIF) in an in vivo model of OC...
January 17, 2018: Journal of Ovarian Research
Go Nakai, Takashi Yamada, Kazuhiro Yamamoto, Yoshinobu Hirose, Masahide Ohmichi, Yoshifumi Narumi
BACKGROUND: Serous borderline tumor (SBT) of the micropapillary type (SBT-MP) became one of the major pathological SBT diagnoses in addition to typical SBT, and was also defined as "non-invasive" low-gradeserous carcinoma according to the World Health Organization (WHO) classification in 2014. In this study, we investigated the MRI appearance of SBT-MP compared to that of typical SBT in order to identify specific imaging features of SBT-MP that correspond to pathological findings. METHODS: MR images of 6 histologically proven ovarian SBT-MP in four patients and 14 typical SBT in ten patients were reviewed retrospectively...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Ovarian Research
Daojuan Wang, Wenqing Wang, Qiao Liang, Xuan He, Yanjie Xia, Shanmei Shen, Hongwei Wang, Qian Gao, Yong Wang
BACKGROUND: The polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a common metabolic and endocrine disorder with pathological mechanisms remain unclear. The following study investigates the ovarian hyperfibrosis forming via transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) signaling pathway in Dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA)- induced polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) rat model. We furthermore explored whether TGF-βRI inhibitor (SB431542) decreases ovarian fibrosis by counterbalancing the expression of fibrotic biomarkers...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Ovarian Research
Xiaohong Liu, Litao Song, Jian Wang, Qin Liu, Yingna Liu, Xin Zhang
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the performance of computed tomography (CT) as a diagnostic aid to differentiate between ruptured ovarian corpus luteal cyst (ROCLC) and ruptured ectopic pregnancy with hemorrhage (REPWH). METHODS: A total of 36 patients treated at our hospitals for ROCLC and REPWH from June 2014 to August 2017 were included in this study. Based on the diagnosis, the study population was divided into ROCLC group (n = 21) and REPWH group (n = 15). CT scans were performed for all patients prior to treatment...
January 9, 2018: Journal of Ovarian Research
Hiren Patel, Deepa Bhartiya, Seema Parte
BACKGROUND: Stem cells in the ovary comprise of two distinct populations including very small embryonic-like stem cells (VSELs) and slightly bigger progenitors termed ovarian stem cells (OSCs). They are lodged in ovary surface epithelium (OSE) and are expected to undergo neo-oogenesis and primordial follicle (PF) assembly in adult ovaries. The ovarian stem cells express follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) receptors and are directly activated by FSH resulting in formation of germ cell nests (GCN) in vitro...
January 5, 2018: Journal of Ovarian Research
Aneta Cymbaluk-Płoska, Anita Chudecka-Głaz, Ewa Pius-Sadowska, Bogusław Machaliński, Janusz Menkiszak, Agnieszka Sompolska-Rzechuła
BACKGROUND: MMP and TIMP play an important role in the degradation of extracellular matrix components which are essential for tumor growth, invasion and metastasis. Aim of this research was to assess MMP3 and TIMP3 as prognostic factors among patients with ovarian cancer. RESULTS: It was found that high levels of output MMP3 correlated with shortened overall survival time of patients by 9.7 months. In addition, it has been shown that high concentrations of output MMP3 were significantly associated with a shorter disease free time in median concentrations implemented p = 0...
January 5, 2018: Journal of Ovarian Research
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