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Journal of Ovarian Research

Azucena Ocampo, Jeimy Pedraza, Ginna Ortiz, Elizabeth Hernández-Pérez, Leonardo Porchia, Esther López-Bayghen
BACKGROUND: Current methods for determining superior embryo quality (morphological assessment) are unable to compensate for poor pregnancy outcomes. Due to the importance of the cumulus-oocyte complex and the value of cumulus cells (CCs) as markers of embryo health, we determined the association between the CCs gene expression of the Prostaglandin-Endoperoxide Synthase 2 (PTGS2) and Versican (VCAN) with pregnancy. METHODS: One hundred forty-nine women, suffering from infertility and undergoing IVF, were included in this study (age: 29-46 years; BMI = 25...
September 21, 2018: Journal of Ovarian Research
Kreema James, Deepa Bhartiya, Ranita Ganguly, Ankita Kaushik, Kavita Gala, Pushpa Singh, S M Metkari
BACKGROUND: Very small embryonic-like stem cells (VSELs) exist in adult organs, express pluripotent markers and have the ability to differentiate into three germ layers in vitro. Testicular, ovarian and hematopoietic stem/progenitor cells express receptors for follicle stimulating (FSH) and ovarian hormones and are activated by them to undergo proliferation/differentiation. VSELs exist in mouse uterus and are regulated by physiological dose of estradiol (E) & progesterone (P) during endometrial growth, differentiation and regeneration/remodeling...
September 21, 2018: Journal of Ovarian Research
Dongdong Wang, Jiahui Wang, Tong Tong, Qing Yang
BACKGROUND: 11β-hydroxylase deficiency (11OHD) is extremely rare, and reports of non-classical 11OHD are even rarer. Non-classical 11OHD usually presents as premature adrenarche, hyperandrogenism, menstrual disorders, and hypertension. Because the symptoms of non-classical 11OHD are mild, delayed diagnosis or misdiagnosis as polycystic ovary syndrome or primary hypertension is common. CASE PRESENTATION: This paper introduces a case of a young female patient presenting hypertension and menstrual disorders...
September 17, 2018: Journal of Ovarian Research
Masaki Kobayashi, Kenjiro Sawada, Koji Nakamura, Akihiko Yoshimura, Mayuko Miyamoto, Aasa Shimizu, Kyoso Ishida, Erika Nakatsuka, Michiko Kodama, Kae Hashimoto, Seiji Mabuchi, Tadashi Kimura
BACKGROUND: microRNAs (miRNAs) stably exist in circulating blood encapsulated in extracellular vesicles such as exosomes; therefore, serum miRNAs have the potential to serve as novel cancer biomarkers. New diagnostic markers to detect high grade serous ovarian cancer (HGSOC) are urgently needed. The aim of this study was to identify miRNAs specific to HGSOC and analyze whether serum miRNA can discriminate HGSOC patients from healthy controls or patients with ovarian malignancies of other histological types...
September 15, 2018: Journal of Ovarian Research
Mehri Jamilian, Shirin Mansury, Fereshteh Bahmani, Zahra Heidar, Elaheh Amirani, Zatollah Asemi
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of the co-administration of probiotic and selenium on parameters of mental health, hormonal profiles, and biomarkers of inflammation and oxidative stress in women with PCOS. Data on the effects of selenium and probiotic co-supplementation on mental health, hormonal and inflammatory parameters of patients with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) are scarce. This investigation was carried out to evaluate the effects of selenium and probiotic co-supplementation on mental health, hormonal and inflammatory parameters in women with PCOS...
September 14, 2018: Journal of Ovarian Research
Jinghua Shi, Xinyu Ren, Qinjie Tian, Aijun Sun, Rong Chen
BACKGROUND: Ovary enlargement is common in controlled ovarian stimulation, which could continue several months during a successful pregnancy. However, persistent megalocystic ovaries 3 years after ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS) were rare. Here we will present you the case and treatment as well as discuss the probable etiology. CASE PRESENTATION: A 34-year-old woman with polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) and a history of infertility presented to the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology at Peking Union Medical College Hospital with abdominal pain and persistently enlarged ovaries 36 months after OHSS...
September 10, 2018: Journal of Ovarian Research
Jiaheng Li, Mingze Du, Zhan Zhang, Yichun Guan, Xingling Wang, Xiao Zhang, Jing Liu, Zhouhui Pan, Bijun Wang, Wenxia Liu
BACKGROUND: In some in vitro fertilization (IVF) or intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) cycles, we may consider transferring one poor-quality embryo with one good-quality embryo. Previous studies have indicated that the poor-quality embryo transferred with a good-quality embryo does not negatively affect the clinical pregnancy rate or live birth rate. The purpose of this study was to evaluate pregnancy outcomes and neonatal outcomes in this context. METHODS: This was a retrospective study that included 1646 cycles from our centre...
September 4, 2018: Journal of Ovarian Research
Toshiyuki Okumura, Etuo Muronosono, Masahiko Tsubuku, Yasuhisa Terao, Satoru Takeda, Masanori Maruyama
BACKGROUND: The mortality rate of ovarian cancer is the highest among all gynecological malignancies in Japan. Ovarian tumors are classified as benign, borderline malignant, or malignant. Anticipating the histological subtype with imaging only is often difficult because of several histological subtypes of epithelial ovarian tumors (such as serous, mucinous, endometrioid, clear cell, and Brenner tumors). In addition, the majority of mucinous tumors in the ovary are metastatic. Furthermore, mucinous tumors belong to one of the two different subclasses (i...
September 3, 2018: Journal of Ovarian Research
F Fabregues, J Ferreri, J M Calafell, V Moreno, A Borrás, D Manau, F Carmona
BACKGROUND: The aim of this report was to describe a case of pregnancy after drug-free in vitro activation (IVA) of follicles and fresh tissue autotransplantation in primary ovarian insufficiency (POI) patient and to review the pertinent literature. METHODS: We present a case in wich a 32 - years old patient with POI became pregnant after IVA without tissue culture and with ovarian tissue transplantation. We also reviewed the literature using Pubmed database. CASE PRESENTATION: Pretreatment with estradiol/progesterone stopped the day before surgery...
August 31, 2018: Journal of Ovarian Research
Justyna Łuczak, Maciej Bagłaj
BACKGROUND: Although teratomas are the most common histologic subtype of childhood ovarian germ cell tumors, their appropriate treatment in this age group still remains unclear. Paucity of research dedicated exclusively to both mature and immature teratomas of the ovary, contribute to decision making difficulties. Therefore, we decided to review retrospectively our experience in treatment of pediatric ovarian teratomas in order to assess the epidemiology, presenting features, and diagnostic as well as surgical management of these lesions...
August 30, 2018: Journal of Ovarian Research
Shu-Hui Zhao, Hai-Ming Li, Jin-Wei Qiang, Deng-Bin Wang, Hua Fan
BACKGROUND: To investigate MRI for differentiating benign from malignant sex cord-stromal tumors of the ovary (SCSTs) emphasizing on the value of diffusion-weighted (DW) magnetic resonance (MR) imaging. METHODS: This retrospective study included 29 benign SCSTs in 28 patients and 13 malignant SCSTs in 13 patients. DW imaging as well as conventional MR imaging was performed. Signal intensity on DW imaging was assessed and apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) value was measured...
August 30, 2018: Journal of Ovarian Research
Allison R Grover, Bruce F Kimler, Francesca E Duncan
BACKGROUND: Radiation exposure is known to cause accelerated aging and damage to the ovary, but the contribution of indirect versus direct effects is not well understood. We used the Small Animal Radiation Research Platform (SARRP) (Xstrahl) to deliver radiation to precise fields equivalent to clinical practice, allowing us to investigate systemic versus targeted damage in a structure as small as the mouse ovary. The X-ray dose was kept constant at 1 Gy, but the field varied. Mice either received total body irradiation (TBI), radiation targeted to both ovaries (T2), or radiation targeted to one ovary (left) while the contralateral ovary (right) was spared (T1)...
August 30, 2018: Journal of Ovarian Research
Kazuya Maeda, Yoshito Terai, Shinichi Terada, Hiroshi Maruoka, Yuhei Kogata, Keisuke Ashihara, Yoshimichi Tanaka, Tomohito Tanaka, Hiroshi Sasaki, Satoshi Tsunetoh, Takashi Yamada, Masahide Ohmichi
BACKGROUND: It is well known that ovarian mature cystic teratomas (MCTs) occasionally go through malignant transformations. Among these, approximately 75% of histological types are squamous cell carcinoma, with the other types being exceptionally rare. We report an extremely rare case of ovarian clear cell carcinoma arising from ovarian mature cystic teratoma. CASE PRESENTATION: The case was a 71-year-old woman with abdominal distention. Ultrasonography and magnetic resonance imaging showed a huge mass in her abdominal cavity...
August 30, 2018: Journal of Ovarian Research
Hui Guo, Jing Guo, Wenli Xie, Lingqin Yuan, Xiugui Sheng
Vitamin D is a fat-soluble prohormone best known for its role in maintaining calcium homeostasis. Large numbers of epidemiological studies have shown that vitamin D plays an important role in cancer prevention by regulating cellular proliferation and metabolism. Studies of the cellular mechanism of vitamin D in ovarian cancer strongly suggest that it exhibits protective and antitumorigenic activities through genomic and nongenomic signal transduction pathways. These results indicate that vitamin D deficiency results in an increase in the risk of developing ovarian cancer and that vitamin supplements may potentially be an efficient way of preventing cancer...
August 29, 2018: Journal of Ovarian Research
V N A Ho, T D Pham, A H Le, T M Ho, L N Vuong
BACKGROUND: In vitro maturation (IVM) has some advantages over conventional in vitro fertilization (IVF), particularly in polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) where the risk of ovarian hyperstimulation is high. We studied the live birth rate in a large series of PCOS women undergoing human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG)-priming IVM. METHODS: This retrospective study included women with PCOS aged 18-42 years undergoing IVM with hCG priming. We reported live birth rate after the first embryo transfer and cumulative live birth rate from embryos obtained in the IVM cycle...
August 27, 2018: Journal of Ovarian Research
Seema C Parte, Surinder K Batra, Sham S Kakar
BACKGROUND: Ovarian cancer is a complicated malady associated with cancer stem cells (CSCs) contributing to 238,700 estimated new cases and 151,900 deaths per year, worldwide. CSCs comprise a tiny fraction of tumor-bulk responsible for cancer recurrence and eventual mortality. CSCs or tumor initiating cells are responsible for self-renewal, differentiation and proliferative potential, tumor initiation capability, its progression, drug resistance and metastatic spread. Although several biomarkers are implicated in these processes, their distribution within the ovary and association with single cell type has neither been established nor demonstrated across ovarian tumor developmental stages...
August 18, 2018: Journal of Ovarian Research
Wenpeng You, Ian Symonds, Maciej Henneberg
BACKGROUND: Ageing, socioeconomic level, obesity, fertility, relaxed natural selection and urbanization have been postulated as the risk factors of ovarian cancer (OC56). We sought to identify which factor plays the most significant role in predicting OC56 incidence rate worldwide. METHODS: Bivariate correlation analysis was performed to assess the relationships between country-specific estimates of ageing (measured by life expectancy), GDP PPP (Purchasing power parity), obesity prevalence, fertility (indexed by the crude birth rate), opportunity for natural selection (Ibs ) and urbanization...
August 16, 2018: Journal of Ovarian Research
Wen Zhang, Shuangzheng Jia, Yang Xiang, Junjun Yang, Congwei Jia, Jinhua Leng
BACKGROUND: Synchronous endometriosis has been poorly studied in women with endometrioid borderline ovarian tumors (EBOTs). The aims of this study were to compare the clinicopathological features and prognosis of EBOTs with or without endometriosis. RESULTS: Of 52 patients diagnosed with EBOTs, no death was observed and only one case had successful pregnancy during the follow-up period. Older, menopausal EBOT patients, EBOT patients with small tumors and relatively low CA125 level probably had better progression-free survival (PFS) outcomes...
August 11, 2018: Journal of Ovarian Research
Rani Fritz, Sangita Jindal
Reproductive aging is a natural process that occurs in all women, eventually leading to reproductive senescence and menopause. Over the past half century there has been a trend towards delayed motherhood. Postponing reproduction can increase the chance of a woman remaining involuntarily childless as well as an increase in pregnancy complications in those that do achieve pregnancy at advanced maternal age. Despite the well-documented decrease in fecundity that occurs as a woman ages, reproductive aged women frequently overestimate the age at which a significant decline in fertility occurs and overestimate the success of assisted reproductive technologies (ART) to circumvent infertility...
August 11, 2018: Journal of Ovarian Research
Dmitry Nikiforov, Valentina Russo, Delia Nardinocchi, Nicola Bernabò, Mauro Mattioli, Barbara Barboni
BACKGROUND: In recent years, autotransplantation of cryopreserved ovarian tissue became a promising approach to preserve female fertility. The slow freezing is the most effective technique which resulted in greater live birth incidence so far. Despite that, interest to vitrification of the ovarian tissue is swiftly growing, thereby undermining the necessity for further improvements in the technique. In present study, we evaluated possibilities to increase follicle survival rates adopting innovative multi-protectoral vitrification protocols, applied to the slivers of ovarian cortex or isolated early-antral follicles, frozen individually...
August 7, 2018: Journal of Ovarian Research
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