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Gut Pathogens

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142593/prevailing-clone-st69-of-vibrio-cholerae-o139-in-india-over-10%C3%A2-years
#1
Shalini Anandan, Naveen Kumar Devanga Ragupathi, Dhiviya Prabaa Muthuirulandi Sethuvel, Suji Thangamani, Balaji Veeraraghavan
Vibrio cholerae is responsible for the cause of severe life-threatening infection known as cholera. The study aimed to analyze the genetic make-up of V. cholerae O139 isolates from India and compare its phylogeny with the global strains. The genome data revealed that all isolates were of same sequence type (ST69) which belongs to seventh pandemic clone, with same virulence gene profile and, antimicrobial resistance gene profile except for two isolates. No known CRISPR repeats were identified in any of these isolates...
2017: Gut Pathogens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090023/a-human-stool-derived-bilophila-wadsworthia-strain-caused-systemic-inflammation-in-specific-pathogen-free-mice
#2
Zhou Feng, Wenmin Long, Binhan Hao, Ding Ding, Xiaoqing Ma, Liping Zhao, Xiaoyan Pang
BACKGROUND: Bilophila wadsworthia is a major member of sulfidogenic bacteria in human gut, it was originally recovered from different clinical specimens of intra-abdominal infections and recently was reported potentially linked to different chronic metabolic disorders. However, there is still insufficient understanding on its detailed function and mechanism to date. METHODS: A B. wadsworthia strain was isolated from fresh feces of a latent autoimmune diabetes in adults patient and we investigated its pathogenicity by oral administration to specific-pathogen-free mice...
2017: Gut Pathogens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075330/existence-of-a-novel-qepa-variant-in-quinolone-resistant-escherichia-coli-from-aquatic-habitats-of-bangladesh
#3
Zillur Rahman, Aminul Islam, Mahamud-Ur Rashid, Fatema-Tuz Johura, Shirajum Monira, Haruo Watanabe, Niyaz Ahmed, Andrew Camilli, Munirul Alam
Of 19 environmental Escherichia coli (n = 12) and Klebsiella pneumoniae (n = 7) tested for quinolone resistance-related genes qnrA, qnrB, qnrC, qnrS and qepA, four each of E. coli and K. pneumoniae possessed qnrS, and another E. coli isolate possessed a new variant of qepA. This is the first detection of qepA in environmentally dwelling bacteria in Bangladesh.
2017: Gut Pathogens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075329/occurrence-of-salmonella-enterica-and-escherichia-coli-in-raw-chicken-and-beef-meat-in-northern-egypt-and-dissemination-of-their-antibiotic-resistance-markers
#4
Amira A Moawad, Helmut Hotzel, Omnia Awad, Herbert Tomaso, Heinrich Neubauer, Hafez M Hafez, Hosny El-Adawy
BACKGROUND: The global incidence of foodborne infections and antibiotic resistance is recently increased and considered of public health concern. Currently, scarcely information is available on foodborne infections and ESBL associated with poultry and beef meat in Egypt. METHODS: In total, 180 chicken and beef meat samples as well as internal organs were collected from different districts in northern Egypt. The samples were investigated for the prevalence and antibiotic resistance of Salmonella enterica serovars and Escherichia coli...
2017: Gut Pathogens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046726/helicobacter-pylori-virulence-genes-of-minor-ethnic-groups-in-north-thailand
#5
Phawinee Subsomwong, Muhammad Miftahussurur, Ratha-Korn Vilaichone, Thawee Ratanachu-Ek, Rumiko Suzuki, Junko Akada, Tomohisa Uchida, Varocha Mahachai, Yoshio Yamaoka
BACKGROUND: There are few studies analyzed concurrently the prevalence and genotypes of Helicobacter pylori infection with the ancestor origins from different ethnics, especially with including minority groups. We recruited a total of 289 patients in MaeSot, Thailand (154 Thai, 14 Thai-Chinese, 29 Karen and 92 Hmong ethnics). The virulence genes and genealogy of the strains were determined by PCR-based sequencing. RESULTS: Based on culture and histology/immunohistochemistry, the prevalence of H...
2017: Gut Pathogens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943892/comparative-genomic-analysis-and-characteristics-of-nccp15740-the-major-type-of-enterotoxigenic-escherichia-coli-in-korea
#6
Taesoo Kwon, Si-Yun Chung, Young-Hee Jung, Su-Jin Jung, Sang-Gyun Roh, Je-Seop Park, Cheorl-Ho Kim, Won Kim, Young-Seok Bak, Seung-Hak Cho
BACKGROUND: Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC) cause infectious diarrhea and diarrheal death. However, the genetic properties of pathogenic strains vary spatially and temporally, making prevention and treatment difficult. In this study, the genomic features of the major type of ETEC in Korea from 2003 to 2011 were examined by whole-genome sequencing of strain NCCP15740, and a comparative genomic analysis was performed with O6 reference strains. RESULTS: The assembled genome size of NCCP15740 was 4,795,873 bp with 50...
2017: Gut Pathogens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932278/assessment-of-antibiotic-susceptibility-in-lactobacillus-isolates-from-chickens
#7
Marta Dec, Renata Urban-Chmiel, Dagmara Stępień-Pyśniak, Andrzej Wernicki
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to determine the susceptibility of 88 Lactobacillus isolates derived from chickens to antibiotic substances and to detect drug-resistance genes. RESULTS: The minimal inhibitory concentration of 13 antimicrobial substances was determined by the broth microdilution method, and resistance genes were detected by PCR. We recorded a high prevalence of resistance to tiamulin (90% resistant isolates), tetracyclines (74%) and lincomycin (70%), and a moderately high frequency of resistance to enrofloxacin (48%), macrolides (42%), aminoglycosides (12...
2017: Gut Pathogens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924454/detection-of-enterotoxigenic-bacteroides-fragilis-in-patients-with-ulcerative-colitis
#8
Samin Zamani, Sonia Hesam Shariati, Mohammad Reza Zali, Hamid Asadzadeh Aghdaei, Akram Sarabi Asiabar, Saied Bokaie, Bizhan Nomanpour, Leonardo Antonio Sechi, Mohammad Mehdi Feizabadi
PURPOSE: Ulcerative colitis (UC) as a type of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), presumed to occur as a consequence of increased immune responses to intestinal microbiota in genetically susceptible individuals. Enterotoxigenic Bacteroides fragilis (ETBF) strains are important intestinal bacteria that can be involved in IBD. The aim of this study was to design a quantitative assay for detection of B. fragilis and ETBF and also to find their association with UC. METHODS: Ninety-five biopsies were collected from patients with UC (n = 35) and with no IBD (nIBD, n = 60)...
2017: Gut Pathogens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912838/phylogenomics-of-colombian-helicobacter-pylori-isolates
#9
Andrés Julián Gutiérrez-Escobar, Esperanza Trujillo, Orlando Acevedo, María Mercedes Bravo
BACKGROUND: During the Spanish colonisation of South America, African slaves and Europeans arrived in the continent with their corresponding load of pathogens, including Helicobacter pylori. Colombian strains have been clustered with the hpEurope population and with the hspWestAfrica subpopulation in multilocus sequence typing (MLST) studies. However, ancestry studies have revealed the presence of population components specific to H. pylori in Colombia. The aim of this study was to perform a thorough phylogenomic analysis to describe the evolution of the Colombian urban H...
2017: Gut Pathogens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912837/carbuncle-due-to-salmonella-enteritidis-a-novel-presentation
#10
Wadha Alfouzan, Dieter Bulach, Hidemasa Izumiya, Khaled AlBassam, Simin Sheikh, Nasser Alrubai'aan, M John Albert
BACKGROUND: Salmonella Enteritidis causes intestinal and extra-intestinal infections, but rarely cutaneous infections. It has never been reported to cause carbuncle (a collection of interconnected furuncles with multiple pustular openings). We report a case of carbuncle due to S. Enteritidis. CASE PRESENTATION: An adult Bangladeshi patient with type 2 diabetes presented with a carbuncle on the left-side of his neck. A pure culture of S. Enteritidis was grown from the pus of the carbuncle...
2017: Gut Pathogens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904565/class-1-integrons-and-plasmid-mediated-multiple-resistance-genes-of-the-campylobacter-species-from-pediatric-patient-of-a-university-hospital-in-taiwan
#11
Yi-Chih Chang, Ni Tien, Jai-Sing Yang, Chi-Cheng Lu, Fuu-Jen Tsai, Tsurng-Juhn Huang, I-Kuan Wang
BACKGROUND: The Campylobacter species usually causes infection between humans and livestock interaction via livestock breeding. The studies of the Campylobacter species thus far in all clinical isolates were to show the many kinds of antibiotic phenomenon that were produced. Their integrons cause the induction of antibiotic resistance between bacterial species in the Campylobacter species. RESULTS: The bacterial strains from the diarrhea of pediatric patient which isolated by China Medical University Hospital storage bank...
2017: Gut Pathogens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883891/the-in-vitro-and-ex-vivo-effect-of-auranta-3001-in-preventing-cryptosporidium-hominis-and-cryptosporidium-parvum-infection
#12
Alexandros Ch Stratakos, Filip Sima, Patrick Ward, Mark Linton, Carmel Kelly, Laurette Pinkerton, Lavinia Stef, Ioan Pet, Tiberiu Iancu, Gratiela Pircalabioru, Nicolae Corcionivoschi
BACKGROUND: Cryptosporidium is a major cause of diarrhea worldwide in both humans and farm animals with no completely effective treatment available at present. In this study, we assessed the inhibitory effect of different concentrations of Auranta 3001 (0.1, 0.5 and 1%), a novel natural feed supplement, on C. hominis and C. parvum invasion of human ileocecal adenocarcinoma (HCT-8), bovine primary cells and C. parvum invasion of HCT-8, bovine primary cells and bovine intestinal biopsies...
2017: Gut Pathogens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28824712/incidence-of-campylobacter-concisus-and-c-ureolyticus-in-traveler-s-diarrhea-cases-and-asymptomatic-controls-in-nepal-and-thailand
#13
Oralak Serichantalergs, Sirigade Ruekit, Prativa Pandey, Sinn Anuras, Carl Mason, Ladaporn Bodhidatta, Brett Swierczewski
BACKGROUND: Campylobacter concisus and C. ureolyticus have emerged in recent years as being associated with acute and prolonged gastroenteritis and implicated in the development of inflammatory bowel diseases. However, there are limited data on the prevalence of these microorganisms in Southeast Asia. In this study, 214 pathogen-negative stool samples after laboratory examination for common enteric pathogens to include C. jejuni and C. coli by culture from two case-control traveler's diarrhea (TD) studies conducted in Thailand (cases = 26; controls = 30) and Nepal (cases = 83; controls = 75) respectively were assayed by PCR for the detection of Campylobacter 16S rRNA and two specific heat shock protein genes specific for C...
2017: Gut Pathogens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28824711/advanced-non-cardia-gastric-cancer-and-helicobacter-pylori-infection-in-vietnam
#14
Tran Thanh Binh, Vo Phuoc Tuan, Ho Dang Quy Dung, Pham Huu Tung, Tran Dinh Tri, Ngo Phuong Minh Thuan, Vu Van Khien, Phan Quoc Hoan, Rumiko Suzuki, Tomohisa Uchida, Tran Thi Huyen Trang, Yoshio Yamaoka
BACKGROUND: The incidence of gastric cancer in the Northern city, Hanoi is higher than in the Southern city, Ho Chi Minh, Vietnam. We previously reported that Helicobacter pylori vacA m1 genotype might be responsible for the difference between the two cities, however, the study only included non-cancer patients. The aim of this study is to investigate the non-cardia gastric cancer characteristics and the role of H. pylori virulence on different non-cardia gastric cancer incidence between two cities in Vietnam...
2017: Gut Pathogens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814976/analysis-of-proteomes-released-from-in-vitro-cultured-eight-clostridium-difficile-pcr-ribotypes-revealed-specific-expression-in-pcr-ribotypes-027-and-176-confirming-their-genetic-relatedness-and-clinical-importance-at-the-proteomic-level
#15
Jiri Dresler, Marcela Krutova, Alena Fucikova, Jana Klimentova, Veronika Hruzova, Miloslava Duracova, Katerina Houdkova, Barbora Salovska, Jana Matejkova, Martin Hubalek, Petr Pajer, Libor Pisa, Otakar Nyc
BACKGROUND: Clostridium difficile is the causative agent of C. difficile infection (CDI) that could be manifested by diarrhea, pseudomembranous colitis or life-threatening toxic megacolon. The spread of certain strains represents a significant economic burden for health-care. The epidemic successful strains are also associated with severe clinical features of CDI. Therefore, a proteomic study has been conducted that comprises proteomes released from in vitro cultured panel of eight different PCR ribotypes (RTs) and employs the combination of shotgun proteomics and label-free quantification (LFQ) approach...
2017: Gut Pathogens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811841/bacteriophages-in-the-gastrointestinal-tract-and-their-implications
#16
Marzanna Łusiak-Szelachowska, Beata Weber-Dąbrowska, Ewa Jończyk-Matysiak, Renata Wojciechowska, Andrzej Górski
The gut microbiota plays an essential role in health and disease of humans. Bacteriophages are the most abundant members of the gut virobiota and display great diversity. Phages can translocate through the mucosa to lymph and internal organs and play a role as regulators of the bacterial population in the gut. Increasing abundance of phages in the gut mucosa may reduce colonization by bacteria. Moreover, phages may have an immunomodulatory role in the immune response in the human gut. The role of phages in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) remains unknown...
2017: Gut Pathogens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794801/gut-dysbiosis-in-mice-genetically-selected-for-low-antibody-production
#17
Ana Carolina da Silva Santos, José Ricardo Jensen, Silvio Luis de Oliveira, Josias Rodrigues
BACKGROUND: Dysbiosis is linked to the cause of several human diseases, many of which having an immunity related component. This work investigated whether mice genetically selected for low or high antibody production display differences in intestinal bacterial communities, and consisted in the comparison of fecal 16SV6-V8 rDNA PCR amplicons resolved by temperature gradient gel electrophoresis (TGGE) of five each of low (LIII) and high (HIII) antibody producing mice. 16SV6 rDNA amplicons of 2 mice from each line were sequenced...
2017: Gut Pathogens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794800/genome-characterization-of-a-novel-binary-toxin-positive-strain-of-clostridium-difficile-and-comparison-with-the-epidemic-027-and-078-strains
#18
Zhong Peng, Sidi Liu, Xiujuan Meng, Wan Liang, Zhuofei Xu, Biao Tang, Yuanguo Wang, Juping Duan, Chenchao Fu, Bin Wu, Anhua Wu, Chunhui Li
BACKGROUND: Clostridium difficile is an anaerobic Gram-positive spore-forming gut pathogen that causes antibiotic-associated diarrhea worldwide. A small number of C. difficile strains express the binary toxin (CDT), which is generally found in C. difficile 027 (ST1) and/or 078 (ST11) in clinic. However, we isolated a binary toxin-positive non-027, non-078 C. difficile LC693 that is associated with severe diarrhea in China. The genotype of this strain was determined as ST201. To understand the pathogenesis-basis of C...
2017: Gut Pathogens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770009/complete-genome-sequence-of-a-commensal-bacterium-hafnia-alvei-cba7124-isolated-from-human-feces
#19
Hye Seon Song, Joon Yong Kim, Yeon Bee Kim, Myeong Seon Jeong, Jisu Kang, Jin-Kyu Rhee, Joseph Kwon, Ju Suk Kim, Jong-Soon Choi, Hak-Jong Choi, Young-Do Nam, Seong Woon Roh
BACKGROUND: Members of the genus Hafnia have been isolated from the feces of mammals, birds, reptiles, and fish, as well as from soil, water, sewage, and foods. Hafnia alvei is an opportunistic pathogen that has been implicated in intestinal and extraintestinal infections in humans. However, its pathogenicity is still unclear. In this study, we isolated H. alvei from human feces and performed sequencing as well as comparative genomic analysis to better understand its pathogenicity. RESULTS: The genome of H...
2017: Gut Pathogens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770008/overexpression-of-serine-protease-htra-enhances-disruption-of-adherens-junctions-paracellular-transmigration-and-type-iv-secretion-of-caga-by-helicobacter-pylori
#20
Aileen Harrer, Manja Boehm, Steffen Backert, Nicole Tegtmeyer
BACKGROUND: The serine protease HtrA is an important factor for regulating stress responses and protein quality control in bacteria. In recent studies, we have demonstrated that the gastric pathogen Helicobacter pylori can secrete HtrA into the extracellular environment, where it cleaves-off the ectodomain of the tumor suppressor and adherens junction protein E-cadherin on gastric epithelial cells. RESULTS: E-cadherin cleavage opens cell-to-cell junctions, allowing paracellular transmigration of the bacteria across polarized monolayers of MKN-28 and Caco-2 epithelial cells...
2017: Gut Pathogens
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