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European Journal of Oral Implantology

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This section presents a brief review of articles on dental implants considered of special interest for the reader, in order to encourage the developing of research, the interest for data analysis and the attention to scientific publications. Your comments are welcome. Please contact Dr Michele Nieri at
2018: European Journal of Oral Implantology
Véronique Christiaens, Hugo De Bruyn, Hilde De Vree, Sabine Lamoral, Reinhilde Jacobs, Jan Cosyn
PURPOSE: The primary objective of the present controlled study was to determine the accuracy and precision of intraoral radiography in assessing interproximal bone defect morphology in patients suffering from periodontal disease as well as in patients with peri-implantitis. A secondary objective was to evaluate the possible impact of clinical experience on accuracy and precision. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study sample comprised a total of 99 interproximal bony defects (40 patients) needing surgical treatment...
2018: European Journal of Oral Implantology
Silvio Mario Meloni, Edoardo Baldoni, Milena Pisano, Antonio Tullio, Giacomo De Riu, Marco Tallarico
PURPOSE: The present study evaluated the hypothesis that implants inserted at bone level or supracrestally have different outcomes in single tooth replacements against the alternative hypothesis of no difference. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was designed as a randomised, split-mouth, controlled pilot trial. Ten patients, each missing two bicuspids or molars, were treated with 20 implants featuring 0.75 mm of machined collar. Each patient randomly received one implant inserted at bone level (BL) and one inserted 0...
2018: European Journal of Oral Implantology
Habib Abi-Aad, Fadi Daher, Hani Dimassi, Giampiero Cordioli, Zeina Majzoub
PURPOSE: To compare the outcome of immediately loaded and one-stage conventionally loaded variable-thread tapered implants in the posterior maxilla. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was designed as a split-mouth randomised controlled trial. Twenty-six patients missing teeth bilaterally in the posterior maxilla received three to four implants in each of the posterior sextants. Bone quality was recorded based on Misch criteria (D1-D4) and insertion torque values were measured using a manual wrench...
2018: European Journal of Oral Implantology
Gioacchino Cannizzaro, Marco Cavallari, Matteo Lazzarini, Giuseppe Purello D'ambrosio, Gianluigi Scialpi, Salvatore Audino, Eugenio Velasco-Ortega, Daniela Rita Ippolito, Marco Esposito
PURPOSE: To evaluate the outcome of three (fixed-on-3 = Fo3) vs four (fixed-on-4 = Fo4) implants immediately restored with metal-resin screw-retained cross-arch prostheses in fully edentulous jaws. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty-eight edentulous or to be rendered edentulous patients were randomised in six centres (eight patients per centre) to the Fo3 group (24 patients: 12 maxillae and 12 mandibles) and to the Fo4 group (24 patients: 12 maxillae and 12 mandibles) according to a parallel group design...
2018: European Journal of Oral Implantology
Marco Esposito, Brendan Grufferty, George Papavasiliou, Marzena Dominiak, Anna Trullenque-Eriksson, Friedhelm Heinemann
PURPOSE: To compare the clinical outcome of dental implants restored with definitive occluding partial fixed prostheses within 1 week after implant placement with immediate non-occluding provisional restorations to be replaced by definitive prostheses after 4 months. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty partially edentulous patients treated with one to three dental implants, at least 8.5 mm long and 4.0 mm wide, inserted with a torque of at least 35 Ncm, were randomised in two groups of 20 patients each, to be immediately loaded with partial fixed prostheses...
2018: European Journal of Oral Implantology
Gioacchino Cannizzaro, Pietro Felice, Daniela Rita Ippolito, Eugenio Velasco-Ortega, Marco Esposito
PURPOSE: To compare the outcome of cross-arch prostheses supported either by 5 mm long or 11.5 mm long implants placed flapless and immediately restored with a metal-resin screw-retained cross-arch prostheses. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty patients with edentulous or to-be- rendered edentulous mandibles, and 30 with edentulous maxillas, having sufficient bone to allow the placement of four and six implants respectively, of at least 11.5 mm long, were randomised according to a parallel group design into two equal groups and received either 5 mm or 11...
2018: European Journal of Oral Implantology
Stefano Storelli, Alessandra Abbà, Massimo Scanferla, Daniele Botticelli, Eugenio Romeo
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to compare survival and success rates of 6 mm-long and 10 mm-long implants in partially edentulous posterior areas. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-four patients with a partially edentulous area were included in the study. Patients were randomly allocated according to a parallel group design to receive 6 mm or 10 mm-long implants. A total of 54 implants were placed (26 × 6 mm implants). Patients were followed for 10 years after prosthetic loading...
2018: European Journal of Oral Implantology
Mauro Merli, Marco Moscatelli, Umberto Pagliaro, Giorgia Mariotti, Ilaria Merli, Michele Nieri
PURPOSE: To summarise systematic reviews that assess the effects of different interventions for implant prosthetic rehabilitation in partially edentulous patients with the presence of bone atrophy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Only systematic reviews of randomised controlled trials (RCTs) dealing with partially edentulous adult patients presenting bone defects were included. Treatments of interest were bone augmentation procedures, use of short, tilted or zygomatic implants, sinus lift and transposition of the inferior alveolar nerve...
2018: European Journal of Oral Implantology
Marco Esposito
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: European Journal of Oral Implantology
Waseem Jerjes, Colin Hopper
AIM: In this review, we look at the factor of the surgical experience and surgical workload in a variety of surgical disciplines and its effect on the intraoperative and postoperative complications rate. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An extensive systematic electronic search was carried out on the relevant databases. Two independent reviewers were engaged in selecting appropriate articles in line with the protocol. RESULTS: It was very interesting to see that only 52 studies could be identified as per the inclusion criteria and search keywords...
2018: European Journal of Oral Implantology
Evaggelia Papia, Christel Larsson
AIM: A large variety of dental materials are available for the production of implant-supported fixed restorations. Materials with different properties are likely to behave differently during clinical function, which may result in different prevalence and types of complications. The aim of the present review was to summarise, analyse and discuss the prevalence and types of complications or failures related to dental materials in implant-supported restorations. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A strategy was set up using the PICO format and the search was performed using the PubMed database, including a hand search of reference lists...
2018: European Journal of Oral Implantology
Bernhard Pommer, Georg Mailath-Pokorny, Robert Haas, Dieter Buseniechner, Werner Millesi, Rudolf Fürhauser
AIM: To review available evidence in scientific literature on oral implants of severely reduced length or diameter. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Electronic and hand searches up to May 2017 were performed in order to identify clinical investigations providing implant survival and/or marginal bone resorption data for extra-short implants < 7.0 mm in length and extra-narrow implants < 3.5 mm in diameter (excluding one-piece mini-implants). RESULTS: A total of 2929 extra-short implants and 3048 extra-narrow diameter implants were investigated in 53 and 29 clinical studies, respectively...
2018: European Journal of Oral Implantology
Ann Wennerberg, Tomas Albrektsson, Bruno Chrcanovic
The aim of the present systematic review was to evaluate reported survival rate and marginal bone (MBL) loss of implants with different surface roughness and followed up for 10 years or longer. For the majority of the 62 included clinical studies, no direct comparison between different surfaces was made, thus our report is mainly based on reported survival rates and marginal bone loss for individual implant brands with known surface roughness. The survival rate was 82.9 to 100% for all implants after 10 or more years in function and the marginal bone loss was, on average, less than 2...
2018: European Journal of Oral Implantology
Analia Veitz-Keenan, Debra M Ferraiolo, James R Keenan
Asepsis is described as a state free from microorganisms. In medicine, an aseptic environment is necessary and expected to avoid the spread of infection through contact between persons, sprays and splashes, inhalation, and sharps. Most dental procedures are performed in a "clean "environment with the common use of personal protective equipment (PPE) such as disposable gloves, masks and protective eyewear with disinfection of surfaces and sterilization of instruments. For surgical procedure such as the insertion of endosseous implants, the recommendations are not clear...
2018: European Journal of Oral Implantology
Christian M Schmitt, Mayte Buchbender, Rainer Lutz, Friedrich-Wilhelm Neukam
AIM: In this systematic review, we aimed to assess the impact of endosseous implants on the formation of an osteonecrosis of the jaw, as well as implant survival rates for patients under bisphosphonate (BP), antiresorptive and radiation therapy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An electronic search was performed using PubMed, Embase, and Medline databases with the logical operators: "dental implant", "antiresorptive", "bisphosphonate", "irradiation", "radiotherapy", "radiation", "necrosis" and "survival"...
2018: European Journal of Oral Implantology
Reinhilde Jacobs, Myrthel Vranckx, Tony Vanderstuyft, Marc Quirynen, Benjamin Salmon
AIM: The objective of this systematic review was to evaluate the diagnostic value of CBCT compared with 2D imaging and clinical gold standard techniques in peri-implant bone defect detection and measurement. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Literature search was performed using MEDLINE, Embase and Web of Science databases up to July 2017. Clinical, ex vivo, in vitro and animal studies that assessed and measured peri-implant bone defects using different imaging modalities were included in this review...
2018: European Journal of Oral Implantology
Anke Korfage, Gerry M Raghoebar, Henny J A Meijer, Arjan Vissink
AIM: Nowadays, oral implants are a leading concept in oral rehabilitation. Patient satisfaction with this treatment is high, but are the expectations of the patients met? The aim of this review was to systematically screen the literature on patients' expectations of implant-based therapy before treatment and to assess whether these expectations were being met. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A search strategy was developed for manuscripts dealing with patients' expectations of implant-based therapy to support different types of prosthodontics...
2018: European Journal of Oral Implantology
Mark Edward Packer
Movement disorders encompass a wide range of medical conditions that demonstrate changes to muscle function and tone which present with orofacial dyskinesia and dystonia. The most common conditions exhibiting these features are Parkinson's disease, Down syndrome, chorea and epilepsy. AIM: To establish whether implant success in patients suffering from movement disorders is similar to the general population, identifying risk factors and noting recommendations that may aid maintenance programmes...
2018: European Journal of Oral Implantology
Tomas Albrektsson, Bruno Chrcanovic, Johan Mölne, Ann Wennerberg
AIM: To describe general observations of immunological reactions to foreign materials and to realize that CP titanium gives rise to a foreign body reaction with subsequent bone embedment when placed as oral implants. To analyse the possibility of titanium allergy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The present paper is of a narrative review type. Hand and Medline searches were performed to evaluate marginal bone loss of oral implants and the potential of titanium allergy. RESULTS: Immunological reactions to foreign substances include Type I hypersensitivity reactions such as allergy, Type II hypersensitivity reactions characterised by IgM or IgG antibodies that may react with blood group antigens at transfusion, and Type III hypersensitivity caused by antigen-antibody immune complexes exemplified by acute serum sickness...
2018: European Journal of Oral Implantology
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