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Journal of Human Reproductive Sciences

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479759/swyer-syndrome-with-gonadoblastoma-a-clinicoradiological-approach
#1
Arjit Agarwal, Shubhra Agarwal
Primary amenorrhea is a common diagnostic challenge in the gynecology department, wherein there are numerous causes that need to be approached in a systematic manner. However, when a case with a pelvic lump or a solid pelvic mass presents to a gynecologist or a radiologist, the approach becomes difficult to justify amenorrhea and pelvic mass as a single entity. We present the case of a 36-year-old female with the complaints of primary amenorrhea with a pelvic mass. The case was approached keeping in view the diagnostic possibilities and applying the role of clinical, radiological, and laboratory analyses...
January 2017: Journal of Human Reproductive Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479758/ureteric-injury-during-transvaginal-oocyte-retrieval-tvor-and-review-of-literature
#2
Rana A Choudhary, Neelam M Bhise, Alap V Mehendale, Kedar N Ganla
We report a case of ureteric injury during transvaginal oocyte retrieval (TVOR), which was identified immediately (on the operation table) and managed successfully in the same sitting. A 28-year-old woman with primary infertility underwent in-vitro fertilisation (IVF) in a private centre. Because of the policy of doing an ultrasonography post-procedure, she was diagnosed immediately with vaginal vault haematoma and ureteric injury. A double-J catheter was inserted under cystoscopic guidance. A major complication was averted by the timely diagnosis of ureteric injury and its appropriate management...
January 2017: Journal of Human Reproductive Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479757/premature-ovarian-failure-an-unusual-manifestation-of-systemic-sclerosis
#3
Aruna Nigam, Anupam Prakash, Shikha Sharma, Narendra Kumar
A 31-year-old woman presented with secondary amenorrhoea and inability to conceive, which was of 3 years duration. She had Raynaud's phenomenon for 16 years, primary hypothyroidism for 5 years, digital ulcers for 4 years and skin tightening for 2 years. She had an expressionless face, with loss of wrinkles and restriction of the mouth opening along with flexion contractures of the hands and the terminal digit resorptions. Investigations showed Antinuclear antibodies (ANA) and anti-Scl 70 positivity confirming the presence of systemic sclerosis (SSc)...
January 2017: Journal of Human Reproductive Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479756/relationship-between-morphology-euploidy-and-implantation-potential-of-cleavage-and-blastocyst-stage-embryos
#4
Gaurav Majumdar, Abha Majumdar, Ishwar C Verma, Kailash C Upadhyaya
AIM: The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between the morphology, euploidy and implantation rate of cleavage stage and blastocyst stage embryos. SETTING: Institution-based, tertiary care in-vitro fertilization centre. STUDY DESIGN: This study included a retrospective data analysis of 306 embryos: 154 cleavage stage embryos and 152 blastocysts that underwent biopsy on day 3 and day 5/6, respectively, which were subsequently screened for aneuploidy by array comparative genomic hybridization analysis...
January 2017: Journal of Human Reproductive Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479755/the-effect-of-moderate-physical-activity-on-ovarian-reserve-markers-in-reproductive-age-women-below-and-above-30-years
#5
Donthu Kiranmayee, Talla Praveena, Yalamanchali Himabindu, Manne Sriharibabu, Kothapalli Kavya, Medapati Mahalakshmi
BACKGROUND: There is significant evidence among the general population regarding the impact of physical activity in improving the quality of life; however, evidence regarding the effect of physical activity in improving fertility and the quality of life in infertile women is inadequate. Existing medical literature shows that moderately regular physical activity positively influences ovarian reserve and assisted reproductive technology (ART) outcomes in overweight and obese women. It is not known whether moderate physical activity influences ovarian reserve in normal weight reproductive age women, and whether age has any influence on the physical activity related changes in ovarian reserve...
January 2017: Journal of Human Reproductive Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479754/effect-of-body-mass-index-on-the-outcome-of-in-vitro-fertilization-intracytoplasmic-sperm-injection-in-women
#6
Manish Banker, Dipesh Sorathiya, Sandeep Shah
BACKGROUND: Obesity, a known epidemic, is a leading cause of various reproductive disorders. Association of body mass index (BMI) with pregnancy outcomes, either ovarian or endometrial, is controversial and least elucidated. AIM: This study aimed to analyze the effect of BMI on in-vitro fertilization (IVF)/intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) outcome in women using self-oocytes, embryos prepared from donor oocytes (DE), or vitrified/frozen embryos (VE) obtained from both the SE and DE groups...
January 2017: Journal of Human Reproductive Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479753/the-effect-of-metformin-and-cinnamon-on-serum-anti-mullerian-hormone-in-women-having-pcos-a-double-blind-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
Budi Wiweko, Cynthia A Susanto
BACKGROUND: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is known to be associated with insulin resistance and anti-Mullerian hormone (AMH), leading to the use of insulin-sensitizing agents (ISAs) to manage PCOS. Metformin is the most widely used ISA to treat irregular menstruation; however, the gastrointestinal side effects are quite debilitating. The development of herbal medicines such as bioactive fraction DLBS3233 offers a possibly effective treatment with minimal side effects. AIM: To determine the effect of metformin and DLBS3233 on serum AMH level...
January 2017: Journal of Human Reproductive Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479752/is-amh-level-independent-of-age-a-predictor-of-live-birth-in-ivf
#8
Mohar Goswami, Dimitrios Nikolaou
BACKGROUND: Although anti-mullerian hormone (AMH) level is known to predict ovarian reserve, there is conflicting evidence regarding the association between AMH and clinical pregnancy or live birth (LB). AIM: Our aim is to establish if there is any association between AMH and LB considering the effects of age and other relevant confounding factors in predicting LB. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: 200 in-vitro fertilisation (IVF) cycles were retrospectively analysed in a tertiary fertility centre...
January 2017: Journal of Human Reproductive Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479751/uterine-cd56-dim-and-cd16-cells-in-refractory-antiphospholipid-antibody-related-pregnancy-loss-and-chromosomally-intact-abortuses-a-case-control-study
#9
Mostafa F Gomaa, Abdeiiatif G Elkhouly, Mohammad M Farghly, Laila A Farid, Nahla M Awad
AIM: To evaluate the role of uterine natural killer (uNK) CD56(dim) and CD16(+) cells in patients with refractory antiphospholipid, antibody-mediated, recurrent, pregnancy loss. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: A case-control study was conducted between 2012 and 2015 at a university hospital. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A group of 118 women with a history of antiphospholipid antibody syndrome experiencing fetal loss in spite of low dose aspirin (LDA) and low molecular weight heparin (LMWH) treatment in the current pregnancy were included in this study...
January 2017: Journal of Human Reproductive Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479750/serum-protein-profile-in-women-with-pregnancy-morbidity-associated-with-antiphospholipid-syndrome
#10
Angela M Alvarez, Stefan Neubeck, Sergio Parra, Udo R Markert, Angela P Cadavid
CONTEXT: Antiphospholipid antibodies (aPL) are related with a high risk of pregnancy morbidity (PM) and also of vascular thrombosis. On the basis of recent studies, we expect that in women with PM associated with antiphospholipid syndrome (APS), further factors may be deregulated and involved in pathophysiology of the disease. Such factors may have the potential to become novel biomarkers for APS and its stages. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: Descriptive study from a recurrent pregnancy loss program...
January 2017: Journal of Human Reproductive Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479749/preparing-and-publishing-a-scientific-manuscript
#11
REVIEW
Padma R Jirge
Publishing original research in a peer-reviewed and indexed journal is an important milestone for a scientist or a clinician. It is an important parameter to assess academic achievements. However, technical and language barriers may prevent many enthusiasts from ever publishing. This review highlights the important preparatory steps for creating a good manuscript and the most widely used IMRaD (Introduction, Materials and Methods, Results, and Discussion) method for writing a good manuscript. It also provides a brief overview of the submission and review process of a manuscript for publishing in a biomedical journal...
January 2017: Journal of Human Reproductive Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479748/from-the-editor-s-desk
#12
EDITORIAL
Madhuri Patil
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Journal of Human Reproductive Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216918/spontaneous-conception-in-40-year-old-infertile-woman-with-polycystic-ovaries-after-complete-reversal-of-endometrial-intraepithelial-neoplasia-a-case-report-with-review-of-literature
#13
Swati Verma, Umesh N Jindal
We report a case of polycystic ovary syndrome and prolonged infertility in which endometrial intraepithelial neoplasia was reversed with high dose progesterone therapy. Spontaneous conception after failure of assisted reproductive techniques highlights the role of endometrial receptivity.
October 2016: Journal of Human Reproductive Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216917/uterine-conserving-surgery-in-a-case-of-cervicovaginal-agenesis-with-unicornuate-uterus
#14
Vineet Mishra, Suwa Ram Saini, Sakshi Nanda, Sumesh Choudhary, Priyankur Roy, Tanvir Singh
The presence of cervicovaginal agenesis with unicornuate uterus is a very rare mullerian anomaly. Its true incidence is still unknown. The presence of functioning unicornuate uterus poses a great challenge for a gynecologist because a successful repair could restore normal menses and may preserve a patient's fertility. Hence, we report a case of 16-year-old unmarried female who presented with chief complaints of primary amenorrhea with cyclical lower abdominal pain. On clinical and radiological evaluation, she was diagnosed with complete cervicovaginal agenesis with right unicornuate uterus (hematometra and hematosalpinx)...
October 2016: Journal of Human Reproductive Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216916/a-rare-case-of-46-xx-gonadal-dysgenesis-and-mayer-rokitansky-kuster-hauser-syndrome
#15
Sriharibabu Manne, C H Veeraabhinav, Mounica Jetti, Yalamanchali Himabindu, Kiranmai Donthu, Mutyalarayudu Badireddy
46,XX gonadal dysgenesis is a rare genetically heterogeneous disorder characterized by underdeveloped ovaries with consequent, impuberism, primary amenorrhea, and hypergonadotropic hypogonadism. Mullerian agenesis or Mayer-Rokitansky-Kuster-Hauser (MRKH) syndrome is characterized by congenital aplasia of the uterus and the upper part (2/3) of the vagina in a woman with normal development of secondary sexual characteristics and a normal 46,XX karyotype. The phenotypic manifestations of MRKH syndrome may sometimes overlap with various other syndromes and require accurate delineation...
October 2016: Journal of Human Reproductive Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216915/a-rare-and-interesting-case-of-heterotopic-cervical-pregnancy-after-intracytoplasmic-sperm-injection-and-embryo-transfer
#16
Ritu Punhani, Kundavi Shankar, Thankam R Varma
The wide use of assisted reproductive technologies has contributed to the increased risk of ectopic and subsequently heterotopic pregnancy (HP) rate. Cervical ectopic pregnancy is a very rare and life-threatening form of ectopic pregnancy that can also present as HP. We are describing here a case of 34-year-old woman who presented with bleeding heterotopic cervical pregnancy (HCP). The concomitant viable cervical and intrauterine pregnancies were diagnosed at 8 weeks of gestation. Selective fetal reduction was done for cervical pregnancy following which uterine artery embolization was done as a life-saving measure, and subsequently, injection methotrexate was also given...
October 2016: Journal of Human Reproductive Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216914/the-quality-of-sperm-preparation-medium-affects-the-motility-viability-and-dna-integrity-of-human-spermatozoa
#17
Fatemeh Anbari, Iman Halvaei, Ali Nabi, Shahin Ghazali, Mohammad Ali Khalili, Lars Johansson
AIM: The goal was to compare the effects of three different sperm preparation media on sperm motility, viability, and DNA integrity of semen samples from normozoospermic men. METHODS: A total of 15 normozoospermic males were included in the study. The semen analysis (SA) was performed in accordance with the WHO guidelines (2010). After SA, each sample was divided into three aliquots, and swim-up was performed with three different sperm preparation media (Sperm Preparation Media, Origio, Denmark; Ham's F10, Biochrome, Berlin, Germany; and VitaSpermâ„¢, Innovative Biotech, Iran)...
October 2016: Journal of Human Reproductive Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216913/female-sexual-dysfunction-in-patients-with-endometriosis-indian-scenario
#18
Vineet V Mishra, Sakshi Nanda, Khushali Gandhi, Rohina Aggarwal, Sumesh Choudhary, Raveendra Gondhali
BACKGROUND: Female sexual dysfunction (FSD) in Indian women is often overlooked due to cultural beliefs and considered as social taboos. Sexuality is an important and integral part of life. There are many causes of sexual dysfunction, but the prevalence of FSD in endometriotic patients is still underdiagnosed. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Study design - Cross-sectional observational study conducted at tertiary care center, from June 2015 to March 2016. Sample size - Fifty-one patients in reproductive age group (18-47 years) who were diagnosed with endometriosis on diagnostic laparoscopy were included...
October 2016: Journal of Human Reproductive Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216912/pregnancy-outcomes-and-maternal-and-perinatal-complications-of-pregnancies-following-in-vitro-fertilization-intracytoplasmic-sperm-injection-using-own-oocytes-donor-oocytes-and-vitrified-embryos-a-prospective-follow-up-study
#19
Manish Banker, Vidhisha Mehta, Dipesh Sorathiya, Mira Dave, Sandeep Shah
BACKGROUND: Several global studies have assessed maternal and perinatal outcomes and complications with the type of embryo transfer (ET) following in vitro fertilization/intracytoplasmic sperm injection (IVF/ICSI). The present study assessed the incidence of maternal and perinatal outcomes and complications following IVF/ICSI associated with the type of embryo transferred. METHODOLOGY: A total of 2112 ETs were performed in 2092 female patients aged 21-50 years between January 1 and December 31, 2014 (Group A: Fresh ET using self-oocytes: 691; Group B: Fresh ET using donor oocytes: 810; and Group C: Thaw ET using vitrified-warmed embryos: 611)...
October 2016: Journal of Human Reproductive Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216911/comparison-between-findings-of-saline-infusion-sonohysterography-and-office-hysteroscopy-in-patients-with-recurrent-implantation-failure
#20
Ahmed Reda, Ahmed Sherif Abdel Hamid, Rowaa Mostafa, Eman Refaei
AIM: This study aims to determine the accuracy of saline infusion sonohysterography (SIS) in the diagnosis of intrauterine pathologies in women with recurrent implantation failure (RIF). SETTINGS AND DESIGN: This is a prospective cross-over study which was carried out during the period between December 2013 and July 2014. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study involved sixty subfertile women with a history of RIF. All cases underwent a transvaginal ultrasonography, SIS and then an office hysteroscopy (1 day after SIS) during early follicular phase...
October 2016: Journal of Human Reproductive Sciences
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