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Personality and Mental Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856869/the-influence-of-gender-on-the-relationship-between-psychopathy-and-five-moral-foundations
#1
Leah Efferson, Andrea Glenn, Rheanna Remmel, Ravi Iyer
Previous research has demonstrated that individuals higher in psychopathy are less concerned about preventing harm and preserving fairness than individuals lower in psychopathy, yet it is unclear whether this is true for both genders. Females have been shown to be more concerned about moral issues related to preventing harm, being fair and maintaining purity, and males are more concerned about in-group loyalty and respecting authority. In addition, females on average are more empathic, less willing to cause harm and may be less sensitive to fairness...
August 30, 2017: Personality and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856850/the-role-of-emotion-regulation-in-predicting-personality-dimensions
#2
Lauren M Borges, Amy E Naugle
Dimensional models of personality have been widely acknowledged in the field as alternatives to a trait-based system of nomenclature. While the importance of dimensional models has been established, less is known about the constructs underlying these personality dimensions. Emotion regulation is one such potential construct. The goal of the current study was to examine the relationship between personality dimensions and emotion regulation. More specifically, the predictive capacity of emotion regulation in accounting for personality dimensions and symptoms on the Schedule for Nonadaptive and Adaptive Personality-2 above and beyond a measure of general distress was evaluated...
August 30, 2017: Personality and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836395/high-novelty-seeking-as-a-predictor-of-antisocial-behaviour-in-early-adulthood
#3
James Foulds, Joseph Boden, John Horwood, Roger Mulder
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to examine the association between novelty seeking (NS) and antisocial behaviours (age 18-35). METHOD: A New Zealand general population birth cohort was studied from 1977 to 2012. Sample sizes ranged from n = 962 (age 35) to n = 1025 (age 18). NS was measured at age 16 using the Tridimensional Personality Questionnaire. Perpetration of antisocial behaviours was ascertained by self-report at ages 18, 21, 25, 30 and 35. Generalized estimating equation models investigated the association between NS and antisocial behaviours net of individual factors and correlates of NS before age 16 and alcohol and substance use disorders at age 18-35...
August 23, 2017: Personality and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771978/parent-child-relationship-associated-with-the-development-of-borderline-personality-disorder-a-systematic-review
#4
Marie-Ève Boucher, Jessica Pugliese, Catherine Allard-Chapais, Serge Lecours, Lola Ahoundova, Rachel Chouinard, Sarah Gaham
The parent-child relationship (PCR) is considered as a central factor in most contemporary theories on the aetiology of borderline personality disorder (BPD). This systematic review aimed to answer the three following questions: (1) How is the PCR described by BPD participants and their parents in comparison to other normative and clinical groups? (2) Which aspects of the PCR are specifically associated with a BPD diagnosis in adulthood? (3) How can the facets of the PCR identified in the reviewed studies shed light on the general aetiological models of BPD? Forty studies were retained and divided into three categories: perspective of BPD probands, perspective of their parents and perspective of family...
August 2, 2017: Personality and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749081/looking-ahead-through-a-fragile-lens-vulnerable-narcissism-and-the-future-self
#5
David Kealy, Sharan Sandhu, John S Ogrodniczuk
Empirical data are lacking with regard to the degree to which self-absorbed hypersensitivity may be related to perceptions of the future self. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between vulnerable narcissism and several components of future orientation among psychiatric outpatients. A sample of 132 adult outpatients seeking mental health services completed measures assessing vulnerable narcissism, optimism, personal growth initiative and symptom distress, along with several questions regarding specific future outcomes...
July 27, 2017: Personality and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730717/measuring-the-contribution-of-art-therapy-in-multidisciplinary-treatment-of-personality-disorders-the-construction-of-the-self-expression-and-emotion-regulation-in-art-therapy-scale-serats
#6
Suzanne Haeyen, Susan van Hooren, William M van der Veld, Giel Hutschemaekers
Despite the use of art therapy in clinical practice, its appreciation and reported beneficial results, no instruments are available to measure specific effects of art therapy among patients with personality disorders cluster B/C in multidisciplinary treatment. In the present study, we described the development and psychometric evaluation of the Self-expression and Emotion Regulation in Art Therapy Scale (SERATS). Structural validity (exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis), reliability, construct validity and sensitivity to change were examined using two independent databases (n = 335; n = 34) of patients diagnosed with personality disorders cluster B/C...
July 21, 2017: Personality and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714268/nidotherapy-in-the-successful-management-of-comorbid-depressive-and-personality-disorder
#7
Ben Spears, Helen Tyrer, Peter Tyrer
Nidotherapy is a new form of psychological therapy that aims to improve mental health by a systematic and collaborative manipulation of the environment in all its forms without focusing on alleviation of symptoms. Following treatment with nidotherapy, we describe a dramatic, and continuing, improvement in a woman with comorbid severe depressive illness and borderline personality disorder. She had made repeated serious suicide attempts over the previous 25 years and had received many drug and psychological treatments without success...
July 17, 2017: Personality and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714185/empirical-and-narrative-approaches-to-case-study-designs-a-commentary-on-nidotherapy-in-the-successful-management-of-comorbid-depressive-and-personality-disorder
#8
Christopher J Hopwood, Justin D Smith
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 17, 2017: Personality and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699253/on-the-clinical-utility-and-empirical-verification-of-nontraditional-interventions-nidotherapy-as-exemplar
#9
Robert F Bornstein
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 11, 2017: Personality and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681505/the-work-and-social-adjustment-scale-psychometric-properties-and-validity-among-males-and-females-and-outpatients-with-and-without-personality-disorders
#10
G Pedersen, E H Kvarstein, T Wilberg
The Work and Social Adjustment Scale (WSAS) is an outcome measure assessing degree of functional impairment. Its psychometric properties, validity and sensitivity to change have been supported in several studies. However, no explicit psychometric or validity study of WSAS has been performed on data from a large sample of psychiatric outpatients, with and without personality disorders. The aim of this study was therefore to provide additional knowledge of the properties of WSAS in such a sample. The material comprised data from 1371 patients, from 15 different units participating in the Norwegian Network of Personality-Focused Treatment Programs...
July 5, 2017: Personality and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660681/the-role-of-affective-temperament-as-a-predictor-of-relapse-in-alcohol-dependence
#11
Sofia Paulino, Samuel Pombo, Fátima Ismail, Maria Luísa Figueira, Otto Lesch
BACKGROUND: Personality traits have been proposed as relapse risk factors in alcohol use disorders. So far, no study has assessed the association between affective temperamental traits and the prospective relapse risk. METHODS: This was a 3-month prospective naturalistic study, designed to assess the impact of affective temperaments in relapse. A sample of 61 alcohol-dependent patients was collected from an ambulatory clinical setting. Socio-demographic information, drinking and substance use habits, drinking status, craving and affective temperament traits were assessed...
June 29, 2017: Personality and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28786232/prevalence-and-severity-of-childhood-adversity-in-adolescents-with-bpd-psychiatrically-healthy-adolescents-and-adults-with-bpd
#12
Christina M Temes, Laura R Magni, Garrett M Fitzmaurice, Blaise A Aguirre, Marianne Goodman, Mary C Zanarini
OBJECTIVE: Existing research has demonstrated that both adolescents and adults with borderline personality disorder (BPD) report higher rates of childhood adversity than their same-age peers; no studies have examined if adolescents and adults with BPD differ based on the extent of these experiences. In the present study, we compared the prevalence rates and severity of multiple forms of abuse and neglect in adolescents and adults with BPD and in psychiatrically healthy adolescents. METHODS: Participants included 104 adolescent (aged 13-17 years) inpatients with BPD, 60 age-matched, psychiatrically healthy adolescents, and 290 adult inpatients with BPD...
August 2017: Personality and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28786231/corrigendum
#13
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Personality and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28786230/identifying-a-borderline-personality-disorder-prodrome-implications-for-community-screening
#14
Stephanie D Stepp, Sophie A Lazarus
Elucidating early signs and symptoms of borderline personality disorder (BPD) has important implications for screening and identifying youth appropriate for early intervention. The purpose of this study was to identify dimensions of child temperament and psychopathology symptom severity that predict conversion to a positive screen for BPD over a 14-year follow-up period in a large, urban community sample of girls (n = 2 450). Parent and teacher reports of child temperament and psychopathology symptom severity assessed when girls were ages 5-8 years were examined as predictors of new-onset BPD cases when girls were ages 14-22 years...
August 2017: Personality and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28786229/borderline-personality-disorder-is-not-a-variant-of-normal-adolescent-development
#15
EDITORIAL
Andrew Chanen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Personality and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544496/suicide-attempts-and-self-injurious-behaviours-in-adolescent-and-adult-patients-with-borderline-personality-disorder
#16
Marianne Goodman, Irene Alvarez Tomas, Christina M Temes, Garrett M Fitzmaurice, Blaise A Aguirre, Mary C Zanarini
OBJECTIVE: Prevalence data on self-mutilation and suicide attempts for adolescent borderline personality disorder (BPD) are currently not available. The purpose of this paper was to determine the frequency and methods of two forms of physically self-destructive acts (i.e. self-mutilation and suicide attempts) reported by adolescent borderline inpatients in one of the largest samples to date and to compare these results with a similarly diagnosed and assessed group of adult borderline inpatients...
August 2017: Personality and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597585/psychosocial-functioning-in-adolescents-with-and-without-borderline-personality-disorder
#17
Ueli Kramer, Christina M Temes, Laura R Magni, Garrett M Fitzmaurice, Blaise A Aguirre, Marianne Goodman, Mary C Zanarini
OBJECTIVE: Little is known about the psychosocial functioning of adolescents with borderline personality disorder (BPD). The main objective of this paper is to compare the psychosocial functioning of a group of adolescents with BPD to a group of psychiatrically healthy adolescents. METHODS: The present cross-sectional study included 104 adolescent inpatients with BPD, compared with 60 age-matched psychiatrically healthy comparison subjects. All participants were rigorously diagnosed using three semi-structured interviews: the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV Childhood Diagnoses, the Revised Diagnostic Interview for Borderlines and the Childhood Interview for DSM-IV Borderline Personality...
June 8, 2017: Personality and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28556522/prevalence-rates-of-childhood-protective-factors-in-adolescents-with-bpd-psychiatrically-healthy-adolescents-and-adults-with-bpd
#18
Dana B Borkum, Christina M Temes, Laura R Magni, Garrett M Fitzmaurice, Blaise A Aguirre, Marianne Goodman, Mary C Zanarini
OBJECTIVE: Existing literature on the aetiology of borderline personality disorder (BPD) has primarily focused on pathological childhood experiences, while little to no research has been conducted on protective factors that may serve to ameliorate these symptoms. The current study attempts to fill this gap in the literature by comparing the rates of childhood protective factors among adolescents with BPD, psychiatrically healthy adolescents and adults with BPD. METHODS: One hundred and four subjects were adolescent inpatients between the ages of 13 and 17 who met Revised Diagnostic Interview for Borderlines and Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders Fourth Edition criteria for BPD...
May 28, 2017: Personality and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28556496/prevalence-rates-of-borderline-symptoms-reported-by-adolescent-inpatients-with-bpd-psychiatrically-healthy-adolescents-and-adult-inpatients-with-bpd
#19
Mary C Zanarini, Christina M Temes, Laura R Magni, Garrett M Fitzmaurice, Blaise A Aguirre, Marianne Goodman
OBJECTIVE: The validity of borderline personality disorder (BPD) in children and adolescents has not been studied in a rigorous manner reflecting the criteria of Robins and Guze first detailed in 1970. This paper and the others in this series address some aspects of this multifaceted validation paradigm, which requires that a disorder has a known clinical presentation, can be delimited from other disorders, 'runs' in families, and something of its aetiology, treatment response and course is known...
May 28, 2017: Personality and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28556444/parent-adolescent-concordance-on-the-revised-diagnostic-interview-for-borderlines-dib-r-and-the-childhood-interview-for-borderline-personality-disorder-ci-bpd
#20
K Wall, C Sharp, Y Ahmed, M Goodman, M C Zanarini
While the degree of concordance between parent and adolescent self-report of internalizing and externalizing pathology is well studied, virtually nothing is known about concordance in borderline pathology and the implication of parent-adolescent discrepancies for outcomes. The present study aimed to (1) examine discrepancies between parents and adolescents on two interview-based measures of borderline personality disorder (BPD)-the Revised Diagnostic Interview for Borderlines (DIB-R(22) ) and the Childhood Interview for Borderline Personality Disorder (CI-BPD(23) ); and (2) investigate the implications of discrepancies for clinical outcomes...
May 28, 2017: Personality and Mental Health
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