journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Personality and Mental Health

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148230/personality-traits-such-as-neuroticism-and-disability-predict-psychological-distress-in-medically-unexplained-symptoms-a-three-year-experience-from-a-single-centre
#1
Vikas Menon, Balasubramanian Shanmuganathan, Jaiganesh Selvapandian Thamizh, Anand Babu Arun, Pooja Patnaik Kuppili, Siddharth Sarkar
BACKGROUND: People with medically unexplained symptoms (MUS) may have psychological co-morbidities. AIMS: Our objectives were to assess the rates and identify correlates of psychological distress in MUS. METHODS: A total of 171 subjects with MUS seeking treatment at a tertiary care facility were assessed over a 3-year period. Psychological distress was assessed using the Tamil version of General Health Questionnaire-12. Apart from socio-demographic factors, personality, coping, perceived social support and subjective disability were assessed using standard instruments...
November 17, 2017: Personality and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105348/belief-in-narcissistic-insecurity-perceptions-of-lay-raters-and-their-personality-and-psychopathology-relations
#2
Kasey Stanton, David Watson, Lee Anna Clark
This study advances research on interpersonal perceptions of narcissism by examining the degree to which overt displays of narcissism (e.g. being boastful and arrogant) are viewed by lay raters as resulting from covert insecurity. We wrote a brief set of items to assess this view and collected responses from a large sample of community adults (n = 5 528). We present results both for participants reporting (n = 617; patient subsample) and not reporting (n = 4 911; non-patient subsample) current psychiatric treatment...
November 3, 2017: Personality and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052355/using-the-sapas-to-identify-risk-for-personality-disorders-among-psychiatric-outpatients-in-india-a-feasibility-study
#3
Simeon Innocent, Priyanka Podder, Jai Ranjan Ram, Kirsten Barnicot, Piyal Sen
Personality disorders (PDs) are common among psychiatric outpatients and are associated with increased morbidity and worse treatment outcomes. Epidemiological research conducted among this population in Asian countries is limited, reflecting a significant gap in the current literature. One barrier to this research is the lack of appropriate screening tools. The current research assessed the feasibility of using the SAPAS (Standardized Assessment of Personality-Abbreviated Scale) screening tool to identify individuals at high risk of PD in an Indian psychiatric outpatient population and provides an initial estimate of PD prevalence by using a validated diagnostic interview, the ICD-10 International Personality Disorder Examination...
October 19, 2017: Personality and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024577/interpersonal-barriers-to-recovery-from-borderline-personality-disorder-a-qualitative-analysis-of-patient-perspectives
#4
Adam Carmel, Nicole I Torres, Samantha Chalker, Katherine Anne Comtois
Social-environmental factors have been found to be an integral part in the recovery process for individuals with psychiatric disabilities. There are few studies that have obtained patient perspectives of how their social and treatment environments help facilitate or impede the recovery process. The following study examined the self-reported interpersonal barriers to recovery among a sample of individuals (N = 31) with borderline personality disorder who were receiving dialectical behaviour therapy. The goal of study was to identify self-reported problematic behaviour that interferes with recovery goals and identify types of family, friend and/or provider behaviours that increased the likelihood of patients engaging in these problematic behaviours...
October 12, 2017: Personality and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024462/attitudes-to-personality-disorder-of-staff-working-in-high-security-and-medium-security-hospitals
#5
R Beryl, B Völlm
The discourse surrounding personality disorder is largely negative, and the diagnosis is considered to be associated with a degree of stigma. This study aimed to investigate staff attitudes towards personality disorder in high-security and medium-security forensic-psychiatric hospitals in the UK. The Attitude to Personality Disorder Questionnaire was completed by 132 participants who were all current employees with clinical roles. Staff attitudes to personality disorder in the current study were significantly less positive than in comparable studies in similar settings...
October 11, 2017: Personality and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944592/estimating-the-prevalence-of-borderline-personality-disorder-in-mothers-involved-in-youth-protection-services
#6
Lise Laporte, Joel Paris, Phyllis Zelkowitz
Characteristics of borderline personality disorder (BPD) can undermine maternal capacity and in some cases lead to involvement with youth protection services (YPS). Yet, few studies exist on the prevalence of maternal BPD in this context and on the comparison of these families with families with other maternal psychiatric disorders or families with no mental illness within YPS. The current study surveyed 291 caseworkers working with mothers whose children and adolescents are followed by YPS. After reported prevalence was adjusted with validation procedures, the prevalence of maternal BPD in a sample of 1875 mothers was 34...
September 24, 2017: Personality and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856869/the-influence-of-gender-on-the-relationship-between-psychopathy-and-five-moral-foundations
#7
Leah Efferson, Andrea Glenn, Rheanna Remmel, Ravi Iyer
Previous research has demonstrated that individuals higher in psychopathy are less concerned about preventing harm and preserving fairness than individuals lower in psychopathy, yet it is unclear whether this is true for both genders. Females have been shown to be more concerned about moral issues related to preventing harm, being fair and maintaining purity, and males are more concerned about in-group loyalty and respecting authority. In addition, females on average are more empathic, less willing to cause harm and may be less sensitive to fairness...
August 30, 2017: Personality and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856850/the-role-of-emotion-regulation-in-predicting-personality-dimensions
#8
Lauren M Borges, Amy E Naugle
Dimensional models of personality have been widely acknowledged in the field as alternatives to a trait-based system of nomenclature. While the importance of dimensional models has been established, less is known about the constructs underlying these personality dimensions. Emotion regulation is one such potential construct. The goal of the current study was to examine the relationship between personality dimensions and emotion regulation. More specifically, the predictive capacity of emotion regulation in accounting for personality dimensions and symptoms on the Schedule for Nonadaptive and Adaptive Personality-2 above and beyond a measure of general distress was evaluated...
August 30, 2017: Personality and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836395/high-novelty-seeking-as-a-predictor-of-antisocial-behaviour-in-early-adulthood
#9
James Foulds, Joseph Boden, John Horwood, Roger Mulder
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to examine the association between novelty seeking (NS) and antisocial behaviours (age 18-35). METHOD: A New Zealand general population birth cohort was studied from 1977 to 2012. Sample sizes ranged from n = 962 (age 35) to n = 1025 (age 18). NS was measured at age 16 using the Tridimensional Personality Questionnaire. Perpetration of antisocial behaviours was ascertained by self-report at ages 18, 21, 25, 30 and 35. Generalized estimating equation models investigated the association between NS and antisocial behaviours net of individual factors and correlates of NS before age 16 and alcohol and substance use disorders at age 18-35...
August 23, 2017: Personality and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771978/parent-child-relationship-associated-with-the-development-of-borderline-personality-disorder-a-systematic-review
#10
Marie-Ève Boucher, Jessica Pugliese, Catherine Allard-Chapais, Serge Lecours, Lola Ahoundova, Rachel Chouinard, Sarah Gaham
The parent-child relationship (PCR) is considered as a central factor in most contemporary theories on the aetiology of borderline personality disorder (BPD). This systematic review aimed to answer the three following questions: (1) How is the PCR described by BPD participants and their parents in comparison to other normative and clinical groups? (2) Which aspects of the PCR are specifically associated with a BPD diagnosis in adulthood? (3) How can the facets of the PCR identified in the reviewed studies shed light on the general aetiological models of BPD? Forty studies were retained and divided into three categories: perspective of BPD probands, perspective of their parents and perspective of family...
August 2, 2017: Personality and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28786232/prevalence-and-severity-of-childhood-adversity-in-adolescents-with-bpd-psychiatrically-healthy-adolescents-and-adults-with-bpd
#11
Christina M Temes, Laura R Magni, Garrett M Fitzmaurice, Blaise A Aguirre, Marianne Goodman, Mary C Zanarini
OBJECTIVE: Existing research has demonstrated that both adolescents and adults with borderline personality disorder (BPD) report higher rates of childhood adversity than their same-age peers; no studies have examined if adolescents and adults with BPD differ based on the extent of these experiences. In the present study, we compared the prevalence rates and severity of multiple forms of abuse and neglect in adolescents and adults with BPD and in psychiatrically healthy adolescents. METHODS: Participants included 104 adolescent (aged 13-17 years) inpatients with BPD, 60 age-matched, psychiatrically healthy adolescents, and 290 adult inpatients with BPD...
August 2017: Personality and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28786231/corrigendum
#12
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Personality and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28786230/identifying-a-borderline-personality-disorder-prodrome-implications-for-community-screening
#13
Stephanie D Stepp, Sophie A Lazarus
Elucidating early signs and symptoms of borderline personality disorder (BPD) has important implications for screening and identifying youth appropriate for early intervention. The purpose of this study was to identify dimensions of child temperament and psychopathology symptom severity that predict conversion to a positive screen for BPD over a 14-year follow-up period in a large, urban community sample of girls (n = 2 450). Parent and teacher reports of child temperament and psychopathology symptom severity assessed when girls were ages 5-8 years were examined as predictors of new-onset BPD cases when girls were ages 14-22 years...
August 2017: Personality and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28786229/borderline-personality-disorder-is-not-a-variant-of-normal-adolescent-development
#14
EDITORIAL
Andrew Chanen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Personality and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544496/suicide-attempts-and-self-injurious-behaviours-in-adolescent-and-adult-patients-with-borderline-personality-disorder
#15
Marianne Goodman, Irene Alvarez Tomas, Christina M Temes, Garrett M Fitzmaurice, Blaise A Aguirre, Mary C Zanarini
OBJECTIVE: Prevalence data on self-mutilation and suicide attempts for adolescent borderline personality disorder (BPD) are currently not available. The purpose of this paper was to determine the frequency and methods of two forms of physically self-destructive acts (i.e. self-mutilation and suicide attempts) reported by adolescent borderline inpatients in one of the largest samples to date and to compare these results with a similarly diagnosed and assessed group of adult borderline inpatients...
August 2017: Personality and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749081/looking-ahead-through-a-fragile-lens-vulnerable-narcissism-and-the-future-self
#16
David Kealy, Sharan Sandhu, John S Ogrodniczuk
Empirical data are lacking with regard to the degree to which self-absorbed hypersensitivity may be related to perceptions of the future self. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between vulnerable narcissism and several components of future orientation among psychiatric outpatients. A sample of 132 adult outpatients seeking mental health services completed measures assessing vulnerable narcissism, optimism, personal growth initiative and symptom distress, along with several questions regarding specific future outcomes...
July 27, 2017: Personality and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730717/measuring-the-contribution-of-art-therapy-in-multidisciplinary-treatment-of-personality-disorders-the-construction-of-the-self-expression-and-emotion-regulation-in-art-therapy-scale-serats
#17
Suzanne Haeyen, Susan van Hooren, William M van der Veld, Giel Hutschemaekers
Despite the use of art therapy in clinical practice, its appreciation and reported beneficial results, no instruments are available to measure specific effects of art therapy among patients with personality disorders cluster B/C in multidisciplinary treatment. In the present study, we described the development and psychometric evaluation of the Self-expression and Emotion Regulation in Art Therapy Scale (SERATS). Structural validity (exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis), reliability, construct validity and sensitivity to change were examined using two independent databases (n = 335; n = 34) of patients diagnosed with personality disorders cluster B/C...
July 21, 2017: Personality and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714268/nidotherapy-in-the-successful-management-of-comorbid-depressive-and-personality-disorder
#18
Ben Spears, Helen Tyrer, Peter Tyrer
Nidotherapy is a new form of psychological therapy that aims to improve mental health by a systematic and collaborative manipulation of the environment in all its forms without focusing on alleviation of symptoms. Following treatment with nidotherapy, we describe a dramatic, and continuing, improvement in a woman with comorbid severe depressive illness and borderline personality disorder. She had made repeated serious suicide attempts over the previous 25 years and had received many drug and psychological treatments without success...
July 17, 2017: Personality and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714185/empirical-and-narrative-approaches-to-case-study-designs-a-commentary-on-nidotherapy-in-the-successful-management-of-comorbid-depressive-and-personality-disorder
#19
Christopher J Hopwood, Justin D Smith
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 17, 2017: Personality and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28703479/examination-of-dsm-5-section-iii-avoidant-personality-disorder-in-a-community-sample
#20
Martin Sellbom, Kieran L C Carmichael, Jacqueline Liggett
The current research evaluated the continuity between DSM-5 Section II and Section III diagnostic operationalizations of avoidant personality disorder (AvPD). More specifically, the study had three aims: (1) to examine which personality constructs comprise the optimal trait constellation for AvPD; (2) to investigate the utility of the proposed structure of the Section III AvPD diagnosis, in regard to combining functional impairment (criterion A) and a dimensional measure of personality (criterion B) variables; and (3) to determine whether AvPD-specific impairment confers incremental meaningful contribution above and beyond general impairment in personality functioning...
July 13, 2017: Personality and Mental Health
journal
journal
41986
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"