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Personality and Mental Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597585/psychosocial-functioning-in-adolescents-with-and-without-borderline-personality-disorder
#1
Ueli Kramer, Christina M Temes, Laura R Magni, Garrett M Fitzmaurice, Blaise A Aguirre, Marianne Goodman, Mary C Zanarini
OBJECTIVE: Little is known about the psychosocial functioning of adolescents with borderline personality disorder (BPD). The main objective of this paper is to compare the psychosocial functioning of a group of adolescents with BPD to a group of psychiatrically healthy adolescents. METHODS: The present cross-sectional study included 104 adolescent inpatients with BPD, compared with 60 age-matched psychiatrically healthy comparison subjects. All participants were rigorously diagnosed using three semi-structured interviews: the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV Childhood Diagnoses, the Revised Diagnostic Interview for Borderlines and the Childhood Interview for DSM-IV Borderline Personality...
June 8, 2017: Personality and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28556522/prevalence-rates-of-childhood-protective-factors-in-adolescents-with-bpd-psychiatrically-healthy-adolescents-and-adults-with-bpd
#2
Dana B Borkum, Christina M Temes, Laura R Magni, Garrett M Fitzmaurice, Blaise A Aguirre, Marianne Goodman, Mary C Zanarini
OBJECTIVE: Existing literature on the aetiology of borderline personality disorder (BPD) has primarily focused on pathological childhood experiences, while little to no research has been conducted on protective factors that may serve to ameliorate these symptoms. The current study attempts to fill this gap in the literature by comparing the rates of childhood protective factors among adolescents with BPD, psychiatrically healthy adolescents and adults with BPD. METHODS: One hundred and four subjects were adolescent inpatients between the ages of 13 and 17 who met Revised Diagnostic Interview for Borderlines and Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders Fourth Edition criteria for BPD...
May 28, 2017: Personality and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28556496/prevalence-rates-of-borderline-symptoms-reported-by-adolescent-inpatients-with-bpd-psychiatrically-healthy-adolescents-and-adult-inpatients-with-bpd
#3
Mary C Zanarini, Christina M Temes, Laura R Magni, Garrett M Fitzmaurice, Blaise A Aguirre, Marianne Goodman
OBJECTIVE: The validity of borderline personality disorder (BPD) in children and adolescents has not been studied in a rigorous manner reflecting the criteria of Robins and Guze first detailed in 1970. This paper and the others in this series address some aspects of this multifaceted validation paradigm, which requires that a disorder has a known clinical presentation, can be delimited from other disorders, 'runs' in families, and something of its aetiology, treatment response and course is known...
May 28, 2017: Personality and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28556444/parent-adolescent-concordance-on-the-revised-diagnostic-interview-for-borderlines-dib-r-and-the-childhood-interview-for-borderline-personality-disorder-ci-bpd
#4
K Wall, C Sharp, Y Ahmed, M Goodman, M C Zanarini
While the degree of concordance between parent and adolescent self-report of internalizing and externalizing pathology is well studied, virtually nothing is known about concordance in borderline pathology and the implication of parent-adolescent discrepancies for outcomes. The present study aimed to (1) examine discrepancies between parents and adolescents on two interview-based measures of borderline personality disorder (BPD)-the Revised Diagnostic Interview for Borderlines (DIB-R(22) ) and the Childhood Interview for Borderline Personality Disorder (CI-BPD(23) ); and (2) investigate the implications of discrepancies for clinical outcomes...
May 28, 2017: Personality and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544555/a-response-to-validating-the-proposed-icd-11-domains
#5
Roger Mulder, Peter Tyrer, John Horwood
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 22, 2017: Personality and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544496/suicide-attempts-and-self-injurious-behaviours-in-adolescent-and-adult-patients-with-borderline-personality-disorder
#6
Marianne Goodman, Irene Alvarez Tomas, Christina M Temes, Garrett M Fitzmaurice, Blaise A Aguirre, Mary C Zanarini
OBJECTIVE: Prevalence data on self-mutilation and suicide attempts for adolescent borderline personality disorder (BPD) are currently not available. The purpose of this paper was to determine the frequency and methods of two forms of physically self-destructive acts (i.e. self-mutilation and suicide attempts) reported by adolescent borderline inpatients in one of the largest samples to date and to compare these results with a similarly diagnosed and assessed group of adult borderline inpatients...
May 22, 2017: Personality and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425628/validating-the-proposed-icd-11-domains-a-comment-on-mulder-et-al-2016
#7
Nikolaus Kleindienst, Lisa Lyssenko, Martin Bohus
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 20, 2017: Personality and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397403/the-neurobiology-of-social-deficits-in-female-patients-with-borderline-personality-disorder-the-importance-of-oxytocin
#8
Anne Cathrine Bomann, Martin Balslev Jørgensen, Sune Bo, Marianne Nielsen, Lene Bjerring Gede, Betina Elfving, Erik Simonsen
BACKGROUND: Social deficits and emotional dysregulation have been suggested as explanations for the relational difficulties experienced by patients with borderline personality disorder (BPD). The neuropeptide oxytocin (OXT) is a possible neurobiological underpinning of these adversities, and this study examines possible correlations between BPD symptomatology and serum OXT. METHODS: Thirty-eight female participants (BPD group n = 18, matched control group n = 20) with a mean age of 29...
April 11, 2017: Personality and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488379/barriers-and-facilitators-to-the-implementation-of-mentalization-based-treatment-mbt-for-borderline-personality-disorder
#9
Dawn L Bales, Roel Verheul, Joost Hutsebaut
There are several evidence-based treatments for borderline personality disorder, but very little is known about the success or failure of implementation in daily practice. This study aims to investigate the success or failure of newly started mentalization-based treatment programs, and to explore the barriers and facilitators. The implementation trajectories of seven different mentalization-based treatment programs in six mental health clinics in the Netherlands were included in a multiple case study combining a qualitative and quantitative design...
May 2017: Personality and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488378/psychological-treatment-of-depression-and-anxiety-in-patients-with-co-morbid-personality-disorder-a-scoping-study-of-trial-evidence
#10
L R M French, K M Turner, S Dawson, P Moran
It is unclear what the best psychological treatment is for depression and anxiety in people with co-morbid personality disorder. Trials of different psychological treatment options for this patient group have been conducted, but this evidence has not previously been systematically reviewed or critically appraised. We set out to conduct a scoping review in order to describe which psychological therapies appear most effective in treating depression and/or anxiety in patients with co-morbid personality disorder...
May 2017: Personality and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164474/traits-across-the-personality-hierarchy-differentially-relate-to-positive-and-negative-affect-evidence-for-the-predictive-validity-of-empirically-derived-meta-traits
#11
Michael P Hengartner, Markus Graf, Marc Schreiber
There is increasing interest in the construct validity of higher-order domains of the Big Five personality traits. A total of 831 persons from the Swiss population completed the International Personality Item Pool and an adaptation of the Positive and Negative Affect Scales. Using Goldberg's bass-ackwards method, we found evidence for the general factor of personality (GFP) and the two meta-traits of positive emotionality (blend of low neuroticism and high extraversion) and constraint (blend of high agreeableness and conscientiousness)...
February 6, 2017: Personality and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164481/teenage-aspirations
#12
EDITORIAL
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Personality and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910261/borderline-personality-disorder-features-emotion-dysregulation-and-non-suicidal-self-injury-preliminary-findings-in-a-sample-of-community-dwelling-italian-adolescents
#13
Antonella Somma, Carla Sharp, Serena Borroni, Andrea Fossati
In order to assess the relationships among borderline personality disorder features, non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) and emotion dysregulation, 122 community-dwelling Italian adolescents were administered by the Italian translations of the Borderline Personality Features Scale for Children-11, the Deliberate Self-Harm Inventory and the Difficulties in Emotion Regulation Scale (DERS). Regression models showed that both Deliberate Self-Harm Inventory (DSHI) and DERS scores significantly predicted Borderline Personality Features Scale for Children-11 total score; moreover, the DSHI total score significantly predicted the DERS total score...
February 2017: Personality and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101905/mapping-the-road-from-childhood-adversity-to-personality-disorder-the-role-of-unresolved-states-of-mind
#14
Antonella Cirasola, Saul Hillman, Peter Fonagy, Marco Chiesa
Childhood adversity has been found to be an important aetiological factor in the development of personality disorder (PD) in several studies. However, the role of disorganized attachment with unresolved mental states for traumatic experiences requires further investigation. This study explores the relationship between childhood adversities, unresolved states of mind, PD diagnosis and psychiatric distress. Two hundred forty-five adult participants, 124 from a clinical PD group and 121 non-psychiatric controls were assessed using the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV, the Cassel Baseline Questionnaire, the Symptom Checklist-90-R and the Adult Attachment Interview, in order to ascertain presence of PD, childhood adversity, level of psychiatric distress and unresolved states of mind...
January 19, 2017: Personality and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910258/the-role-of-individual-and-personality-factors-in-controlling-risky-behaviours-related-to-aids-proposing-a-causal-model
#15
Mansour Rezaei, Ali Zakiei, Soheyla Reshadat, Seyed Ramin Ghasemi
BACKGROUND: Investigating previous studies show that personality traits have an important role in controlling risky behaviours related to AIDS; therefore, the aim of this study is to investigate the relationship between AIDS health literacy, personality traits and mental health and controlling risky behaviours related to AIDS through self-efficacy. METHODS: The statistical population includes all the young people in western provinces of Iran, 2015. Data analysis was carried out for a sample of 756 participants (59% female)...
December 2, 2016: Personality and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891764/the-recovery-paradigm-and-distress-conceptualized-as-personality-disorder-lack-of-evidence-does-not-equate-to-a-lack-of-importance
#16
Giles Newton-Howes, Sarah Gordon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 28, 2016: Personality and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27860436/how-do-mothers-with-borderline-personality-disorder-mentalize-when-interacting-with-their-infants
#17
Andrée-Anne Marcoux, Annie Bernier, Jean R Séguin, Jennifer Boike Armerding, Karlen Lyons-Ruth
Mothers with borderline personality disorder (BPD) have been theorized to have decreased mentalization ability, which is the capacity to perceive and interpret mental states. This could increase the risk for troubled relationships with their infants and therefore have adverse consequences for child social and emotional development. Mind-mindedness (MM), which codes the mother's references to her infant's mental states during an interaction, is one method of indexing mothers' mentalizing ability. However, research has yet to examine MM in mothers with BPD...
November 16, 2016: Personality and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27735136/is-borderline-personality-disorder-only-a-mental-health-problem
#18
Lionel Cailhol, Margot Francois, Claire Thalamas, Cécile Garrido, Philippe Birmes, Laure Pourcel, Maryse Lapeyre-Mestre, Joel Paris
Patients with borderline personality disorder (BPD) have been shown to have increased rates of the use of medical services. The objective of this multicentre study was to compare the utilization of physical health services by patients with severe BPD (n = 36) with that of two control groups: one with other personality disorders (PDs) (n = 38) and one with matched subjects randomly selected from the general population (n = 165). Information was drawn from an insurance database collected over a 5-year period...
November 2016: Personality and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27678222/dependence-a-strange-but-important-outlier-in-personality-disorders
#19
Peter Tyrer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Personality and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27604841/anxious-adult-attachment-may-mediate-the-relationship-between-childhood-emotional-abuse-and-borderline-personality-disorder
#20
Alvaro Frias, Carol Palma, Núria Farriols, Laura Gonzalez, Anna Horta
BACKGROUND: Childhood trauma has been associated with borderline personality disorder (BPD). However, research has not yet provided conclusive evidence concerning the mediating mechanisms. METHODS: Seventy women diagnosed with BPD were compared with other 60 women who met DSM-IV criteria for other personality disorders on measures of childhood trauma and attachment. RESULTS: Patients with BPD reported higher severity of emotional, physical and sexual abuse than patients with other personality disorders...
November 2016: Personality and Mental Health
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