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Personality and Mental Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164474/traits-across-the-personality-hierarchy-differentially-relate-to-positive-and-negative-affect-evidence-for-the-predictive-validity-of-empirically-derived-meta-traits
#1
Michael P Hengartner, Markus Graf, Marc Schreiber
There is increasing interest in the construct validity of higher-order domains of the Big Five personality traits. A total of 831 persons from the Swiss population completed the International Personality Item Pool and an adaptation of the Positive and Negative Affect Scales. Using Goldberg's bass-ackwards method, we found evidence for the general factor of personality (GFP) and the two meta-traits of positive emotionality (blend of low neuroticism and high extraversion) and constraint (blend of high agreeableness and conscientiousness)...
February 6, 2017: Personality and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101905/mapping-the-road-from-childhood-adversity-to-personality-disorder-the-role-of-unresolved-states-of-mind
#2
Antonella Cirasola, Saul Hillman, Peter Fonagy, Marco Chiesa
Childhood adversity has been found to be an important aetiological factor in the development of personality disorder (PD) in several studies. However, the role of disorganized attachment with unresolved mental states for traumatic experiences requires further investigation. This study explores the relationship between childhood adversities, unresolved states of mind, PD diagnosis and psychiatric distress. Two hundred forty-five adult participants, 124 from a clinical PD group and 121 non-psychiatric controls were assessed using the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV, the Cassel Baseline Questionnaire, the Symptom Checklist-90-R and the Adult Attachment Interview, in order to ascertain presence of PD, childhood adversity, level of psychiatric distress and unresolved states of mind...
January 19, 2017: Personality and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164481/teenage-aspirations
#3
EDITORIAL
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Personality and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910261/borderline-personality-disorder-features-emotion-dysregulation-and-non-suicidal-self-injury-preliminary-findings-in-a-sample-of-community-dwelling-italian-adolescents
#4
Antonella Somma, Carla Sharp, Serena Borroni, Andrea Fossati
In order to assess the relationships among borderline personality disorder features, non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) and emotion dysregulation, 122 community-dwelling Italian adolescents were administered by the Italian translations of the Borderline Personality Features Scale for Children-11, the Deliberate Self-Harm Inventory and the Difficulties in Emotion Regulation Scale (DERS). Regression models showed that both Deliberate Self-Harm Inventory (DSHI) and DERS scores significantly predicted Borderline Personality Features Scale for Children-11 total score; moreover, the DSHI total score significantly predicted the DERS total score...
February 2017: Personality and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910258/the-role-of-individual-and-personality-factors-in-controlling-risky-behaviours-related-to-aids-proposing-a-causal-model
#5
Mansour Rezaei, Ali Zakiei, Soheyla Reshadat, Seyed Ramin Ghasemi
BACKGROUND: Investigating previous studies show that personality traits have an important role in controlling risky behaviours related to AIDS; therefore, the aim of this study is to investigate the relationship between AIDS health literacy, personality traits and mental health and controlling risky behaviours related to AIDS through self-efficacy. METHODS: The statistical population includes all the young people in western provinces of Iran, 2015. Data analysis was carried out for a sample of 756 participants (59% female)...
December 2, 2016: Personality and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891764/the-recovery-paradigm-and-distress-conceptualized-as-personality-disorder-lack-of-evidence-does-not-equate-to-a-lack-of-importance
#6
Giles Newton-Howes, Sarah Gordon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 28, 2016: Personality and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27860436/how-do-mothers-with-borderline-personality-disorder-mentalize-when-interacting-with-their-infants
#7
Andrée-Anne Marcoux, Annie Bernier, Jean R Séguin, Jennifer Boike Armerding, Karlen Lyons-Ruth
Mothers with borderline personality disorder (BPD) have been theorized to have decreased mentalization ability, which is the capacity to perceive and interpret mental states. This could increase the risk for troubled relationships with their infants and therefore have adverse consequences for child social and emotional development. Mind-mindedness (MM), which codes the mother's references to her infant's mental states during an interaction, is one method of indexing mothers' mentalizing ability. However, research has yet to examine MM in mothers with BPD...
November 16, 2016: Personality and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27735136/is-borderline-personality-disorder-only-a-mental-health-problem
#8
Lionel Cailhol, Margot Francois, Claire Thalamas, Cécile Garrido, Philippe Birmes, Laure Pourcel, Maryse Lapeyre-Mestre, Joel Paris
Patients with borderline personality disorder (BPD) have been shown to have increased rates of the use of medical services. The objective of this multicentre study was to compare the utilization of physical health services by patients with severe BPD (n = 36) with that of two control groups: one with other personality disorders (PDs) (n = 38) and one with matched subjects randomly selected from the general population (n = 165). Information was drawn from an insurance database collected over a 5-year period...
November 2016: Personality and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27678222/dependence-a-strange-but-important-outlier-in-personality-disorders
#9
Peter Tyrer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Personality and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27604841/anxious-adult-attachment-may-mediate-the-relationship-between-childhood-emotional-abuse-and-borderline-personality-disorder
#10
Alvaro Frias, Carol Palma, Núria Farriols, Laura Gonzalez, Anna Horta
BACKGROUND: Childhood trauma has been associated with borderline personality disorder (BPD). However, research has not yet provided conclusive evidence concerning the mediating mechanisms. METHODS: Seventy women diagnosed with BPD were compared with other 60 women who met DSM-IV criteria for other personality disorders on measures of childhood trauma and attachment. RESULTS: Patients with BPD reported higher severity of emotional, physical and sexual abuse than patients with other personality disorders...
November 2016: Personality and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27406650/through-rose-coloured-glasses-an-empirical-test-of-narcissistic-overestimation
#11
Jill Lobbestael, Anique de Bruin, Ellen Kok, Marisol Voncken
BACKGROUND: Grandiosity is designated as a hallmark trait of narcissism. The current study tested whether narcissistic traits are related to overestimation of a range of agentic performances. METHOD: Eighty-five non-patients executed six objective tasks to assess their level of (emotional) intelligence, first impression, attractiveness, social skills and learning performance. They were also asked to estimate their level of functioning in these six areas. This estimation was given on two moments: before and after performing the objective tasks...
November 2016: Personality and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27257161/primary-emotional-traits-in-patients-with-personality-disorders
#12
Sigmund Karterud, Geir Pedersen, Merete Johansen, Theresa Wilberg, Ken Davis, Jaak Panksepp
There is a longstanding tradition that connects temperament pathology and personality disorders. Emotions are the major constituents of temperament. In mammals, seven primary emotions have been identified: SEEKING, FEAR, CARE, RAGE, SADNESS/PANIC, LUST and PLAY. The study aimed at exploring the relationship between primary emotions and personality disorders (PDs). Five hundred forty-six patients with different degrees and qualities of personality pathology, admitted to treatment in specialized PD services, were diagnosed according to Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV Axis II Personality Disorders, and their primary emotional profiles were assessed by the Affective Neuroscience Personality Scales...
November 2016: Personality and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27766761/outpatient-psychodynamic-group-psychotherapy-outcomes-related-to-personality-disorder-severity-age-and-gender
#13
Elfrida Hartveit Kvarstein, Ola Nordviste, Lone Dragland, Theresa Wilberg
OBJECTIVES: Outpatient group psychotherapy is frequent within specialist services, recruits a mixed population, but effects are poorly documented. This study investigates long-term outcomes for patients with personality disorder (PD) treated in outpatient, psychodynamic groups within secondary mental health service. METHODS: A naturalistic study (N = 103) with repeated assessments of process and clinical outcomes. Longitudinal statistics are linear mixed models...
October 21, 2016: Personality and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27766765/individual-differences-in-positive-and-negative-emotion-regulation-which-strategies-explain-variability-in-loneliness
#14
Sinead M Kearns, Ann-Marie Creaven
Loneliness is the distressing feeling accompanying the perception that one's social needs are not being met by one's social relationships. Conceptual models point to a role for cognitive factors in this experience. Because research on determinants of loneliness is sparse, this study investigates associations between individual differences in emotion regulation (ER) and loneliness. Participants (N = 116) completed measures of loneliness, and a vignette-based measure of adaptive and maladaptive ER in response to positive and negative scenarios...
October 20, 2016: Personality and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27735141/dependent-personality-features-in-a-complex-case-of-borderline-personality-disorder
#15
Tudor Nirestean, Emese Lukacs, Aurel Nirestean, Iosif Gabos Grecu
Borderline personality disorder is a complex disease model as it encompasses a diversity of pathological personality traits and psychopathological symptoms. It is not surprising, therefore, that it is often manifested by personality disorders across all three clusters and accompanied by other mental (Axis I) disorders. This melange makes both psychological treatment and pharmacotherapy especially challenging, and this paper describes the case of a particularly complex case of a 33-year-old Romanian patient, who has a history of severe deprivation in childhood, mood and substance use disorder in association with borderline pathology...
October 13, 2016: Personality and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27670845/redefining-dependency-a-way-forward
#16
Janet Feigenbaum
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 26, 2016: Personality and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27670747/measuring-child-personality-when-child-personality-was-not-measured-application-of-a-thin-slice-approach
#17
Jennifer L Tackett, Avanté J Smack, Kathrin Herzhoff, Kathleen W Reardon, Stephanie Daoud, Isabela Granic
Recent efforts have demonstrated that thin-slice (TS) assessment-or assessment of individual characteristics after only brief exposure to that individual's behaviour-can produce reliable and valid measurements of child personality traits. The extent to which this approach can be generalized to archival data not designed to measure personality, and whether it can be used to measure personality pathology traits in youth, is not yet known. Archival video data of a parent-child interaction task was collected as part of a clinical intervention trial for aggressive children (N = 177)...
September 26, 2016: Personality and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27653504/a-personality-and-impairment-approach-to-examine-the-similarities-and-differences-between-avoidant-personality-disorder-and-social-anxiety-disorder
#18
Kieran L C Carmichael, Martin Sellbom, Jacqueline Liggett, Alexander Smith
The current study examined whether avoidant personality disorder (AvPD) and social anxiety disorder (SAD) should be considered distinct disorder constructs, which is a persistent and controversial issue in the clinical literature. We examined whether relative scores on SAD and AvPD were associated with the same personality profile and severity of impairment. The current research used a cross-sectional design and self-report inventories, including multiple measures of personality, impairment and psychopathology...
September 22, 2016: Personality and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27461147/kenneth-r-silk-may-1944-april-2016
#19
(no author information available yet)
Ken was a founding editor of Personality and Mental Health. He thoroughly enjoyed this role and played a major part in getting the journal off to a flying start, so that it was well received in the area of personality disorder and had an impact factor within 2 years of publication. Editorial strategy was mainly carried out by international teleconference, not easy to time with editors in Scotland, New Zealand and the United States, but these, well-organised with Eddie Kane's help, were good-natured, jolly and remarkably productive, with Ken's wit and wisdom adding to their value...
August 2016: Personality and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27126217/the-clinical-trajectory-of-patients-with-borderline-personality-disorder
#20
Jesper Nørgaard Kjaer, Robert Biskin, Claus Vestergaard, Lea Nørgreen Gustafsson, Povl Munk-Jørgensen
OBJECTIVE: The epidemiological data on the diagnostic course of patients with borderline personality disorder (BPD) is limited. We used a nationwide register to investigate the diagnostic stability and changes over time. METHOD: The Danish nationwide registers were used to follow all patients with a diagnosis of BPD and investigate their first-ever psychiatric diagnosis and their latest diagnosis in the time period of 1995-2012. From this, we found the diagnostic stability and described the diagnostic changes...
August 2016: Personality and Mental Health
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