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Personality and Mental Health

Elfrida Hartveit Kvarstein, Ola Nordviste, Lone Dragland, Theresa Wilberg
OBJECTIVES: Outpatient group psychotherapy is frequent within specialist services, recruits a mixed population, but effects are poorly documented. This study investigates long-term outcomes for patients with personality disorder (PD) treated in outpatient, psychodynamic groups within secondary mental health service. METHODS: A naturalistic study (N = 103) with repeated assessments of process and clinical outcomes. Longitudinal statistics are linear mixed models...
October 21, 2016: Personality and Mental Health
Sinead M Kearns, Ann-Marie Creaven
Loneliness is the distressing feeling accompanying the perception that one's social needs are not being met by one's social relationships. Conceptual models point to a role for cognitive factors in this experience. Because research on determinants of loneliness is sparse, this study investigates associations between individual differences in emotion regulation (ER) and loneliness. Participants (N = 116) completed measures of loneliness, and a vignette-based measure of adaptive and maladaptive ER in response to positive and negative scenarios...
October 20, 2016: Personality and Mental Health
Tudor Nirestean, Emese Lukacs, Aurel Nirestean, Iosif Gabos Grecu
Borderline personality disorder is a complex disease model as it encompasses a diversity of pathological personality traits and psychopathological symptoms. It is not surprising, therefore, that it is often manifested by personality disorders across all three clusters and accompanied by other mental (Axis I) disorders. This melange makes both psychological treatment and pharmacotherapy especially challenging, and this paper describes the case of a particularly complex case of a 33-year-old Romanian patient, who has a history of severe deprivation in childhood, mood and substance use disorder in association with borderline pathology...
October 13, 2016: Personality and Mental Health
Lionel Cailhol, Margot Francois, Claire Thalamas, Cécile Garrido, Philippe Birmes, Laure Pourcel, Maryse Lapeyre-Mestre, Joel Paris
Patients with borderline personality disorder (BPD) have been shown to have increased rates of the use of medical services. The objective of this multicentre study was to compare the utilization of physical health services by patients with severe BPD (n = 36) with that of two control groups: one with other personality disorders (PDs) (n = 38) and one with matched subjects randomly selected from the general population (n = 165). Information was drawn from an insurance database collected over a 5-year period...
October 13, 2016: Personality and Mental Health
Peter Tyrer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 28, 2016: Personality and Mental Health
Janet Feigenbaum
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 26, 2016: Personality and Mental Health
Jennifer L Tackett, Avanté J Smack, Kathrin Herzhoff, Kathleen W Reardon, Stephanie Daoud, Isabela Granic
Recent efforts have demonstrated that thin-slice (TS) assessment-or assessment of individual characteristics after only brief exposure to that individual's behaviour-can produce reliable and valid measurements of child personality traits. The extent to which this approach can be generalized to archival data not designed to measure personality, and whether it can be used to measure personality pathology traits in youth, is not yet known. Archival video data of a parent-child interaction task was collected as part of a clinical intervention trial for aggressive children (N = 177)...
September 26, 2016: Personality and Mental Health
Kieran L C Carmichael, Martin Sellbom, Jacqueline Liggett, Alexander Smith
The current study examined whether avoidant personality disorder (AvPD) and social anxiety disorder (SAD) should be considered distinct disorder constructs, which is a persistent and controversial issue in the clinical literature. We examined whether relative scores on SAD and AvPD were associated with the same personality profile and severity of impairment. The current research used a cross-sectional design and self-report inventories, including multiple measures of personality, impairment and psychopathology...
September 22, 2016: Personality and Mental Health
Alvaro Frias, Carol Palma, Núria Farriols, Laura Gonzalez, Anna Horta
BACKGROUND: Childhood trauma has been associated with borderline personality disorder (BPD). However, research has not yet provided conclusive evidence concerning the mediating mechanisms. METHODS: Seventy women diagnosed with BPD were compared with other 60 women who met DSM-IV criteria for other personality disorders on measures of childhood trauma and attachment. RESULTS: Patients with BPD reported higher severity of emotional, physical and sexual abuse than patients with other personality disorders...
September 8, 2016: Personality and Mental Health
(no author information available yet)
Ken was a founding editor of Personality and Mental Health. He thoroughly enjoyed this role and played a major part in getting the journal off to a flying start, so that it was well received in the area of personality disorder and had an impact factor within 2 years of publication. Editorial strategy was mainly carried out by international teleconference, not easy to time with editors in Scotland, New Zealand and the United States, but these, well-organised with Eddie Kane's help, were good-natured, jolly and remarkably productive, with Ken's wit and wisdom adding to their value...
August 2016: Personality and Mental Health
Jesper Nørgaard Kjaer, Robert Biskin, Claus Vestergaard, Lea Nørgreen Gustafsson, Povl Munk-Jørgensen
OBJECTIVE: The epidemiological data on the diagnostic course of patients with borderline personality disorder (BPD) is limited. We used a nationwide register to investigate the diagnostic stability and changes over time. METHOD: The Danish nationwide registers were used to follow all patients with a diagnosis of BPD and investigate their first-ever psychiatric diagnosis and their latest diagnosis in the time period of 1995-2012. From this, we found the diagnostic stability and described the diagnostic changes...
August 2016: Personality and Mental Health
Kike Olajide, Peter Tyrer, Swaran P Singh, Tom Burns, Jorun Rugkåsa, Lavanya Thana, Moli Paul, Zoebia Islam, Mike J Crawford
BACKGROUND: The UK guidelines on the treatment of personality disorder recommend avoiding compulsory treatment except in extreme situations. Little is known about how often patients with personality disorder are detained or how this compares with the treatment of other mental disorders. OBJECTIVES: Our aim is to test the hypothesis that people with personality disorder are infrequently detained under the Mental Health Act (MHA) and that risk factors associated with detention are the same as those for people with other mental disorders...
August 2016: Personality and Mental Health
Eddie Kane, Neil Reeder, Kimberley Keane, Sharon Prince
In the UK, patients with personality disorders presenting complex needs frequently experience an unhelpful pattern of acute treatment followed by community care-with associated high cost implications for services. With UK mental health resources under severe pressure, this leaves commissioners with difficult decisions to make. Yet studies on cost-effectiveness in respect of personality disorder treatment are scarce, particularly for treatments taking place outside of major teaching hospitals in the USA. This paper studies the benefits of an intensive, holistic approach and finds that the Network achieved substantial reductions in health care usage and expenditure in the short to medium term...
August 2016: Personality and Mental Health
Esen Karan, Isabella J M Niesten, Frances R Frankenburg, Garrett M Fitzmaurice, Mary C Zanarini
Although borderline patients experience a wide range of sexual problems, including promiscuity, there is less evidence documenting their sexual relationship difficulties. This study had two aims. The first was to examine the prevalence of these difficulties (i.e. avoidance of sex and being symptomatic after sex) over 16 years of prospective follow-up among recovered and non-recovered patients with borderline personality disorder (BPD). The second was to determine time-to-remission, recurrence and new onset of these sexual relationship difficulties...
August 2016: Personality and Mental Health
Álvaro Frías, Carol Palma, Núria Farriols, Laura González
OBJECTIVE: Sexuality is somewhat neglected in clinical research on borderline personality disorder (BPD). METHOD: We performed a systematic review from 1980 to November 2014 through PubMed and PsycINFO. RESULTS: Empirical evidence underscores that childhood sexual trauma may be considered a non-specific risk factor for BPD. Furthermore, individuals with BPD also display higher sexual identity disturbances and homosexual relationships than non-BPD individuals...
August 2016: Personality and Mental Health
Donald W Black, Fatma Simsek-Duran, Nancee Blum, Brett McCormick, Jeff Allen
Systems Training for Emotional Predictability and Problem Solving (STEPPS) is a group treatment for persons with borderline personality disorder (BPD). We describe results from two data sets on outcome in persons who participated in STEPPS with BPD alone or BPD plus antisocial personality disorder (ASPD). In Study 1, we examined the effect of comorbid ASPD on outcome in 65 persons with BPD who participated in a randomized controlled trial at an academic medical centre. In Study 2, we examined the effect of comorbid ASPD on outcome in 64 offenders with BPD who participated in STEPPS in correctional settings...
August 2016: Personality and Mental Health
Geir Pedersen, Øyvind Urnes, Elfrida H Kvarstein, Sigmund Karterud
Former studies have repeatedly found the psychoticism (PSY) scale of Symptom Checklist-90-Revised to be a heterogeneous construct. The aim of this study was to confirm and further explore the nature of this heterogeneity within a large sample of patients with mainly personality disorders. Within a total sample of 3 794 patients, one-half was randomly selected for explorative factor analysis in order to assess the internal structure of the PSY scale and the other half to cross-validate the findings by a confirmatory factor analysis...
August 2016: Personality and Mental Health
Jill Lobbestael, Anique de Bruin, Ellen Kok, Marisol Voncken
BACKGROUND: Grandiosity is designated as a hallmark trait of narcissism. The current study tested whether narcissistic traits are related to overestimation of a range of agentic performances. METHOD: Eighty-five non-patients executed six objective tasks to assess their level of (emotional) intelligence, first impression, attractiveness, social skills and learning performance. They were also asked to estimate their level of functioning in these six areas. This estimation was given on two moments: before and after performing the objective tasks...
July 13, 2016: Personality and Mental Health
Sigmund Karterud, Geir Pedersen, Merete Johansen, Theresa Wilberg, Ken Davis, Jaak Panksepp
There is a longstanding tradition that connects temperament pathology and personality disorders. Emotions are the major constituents of temperament. In mammals, seven primary emotions have been identified: SEEKING, FEAR, CARE, RAGE, SADNESS/PANIC, LUST and PLAY. The study aimed at exploring the relationship between primary emotions and personality disorders (PDs). Five hundred forty-six patients with different degrees and qualities of personality pathology, admitted to treatment in specialized PD services, were diagnosed according to Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV Axis II Personality Disorders, and their primary emotional profiles were assessed by the Affective Neuroscience Personality Scales...
June 3, 2016: Personality and Mental Health
Adam P Natoli, Sharon M Nelson, Ketrin J Lengu, Steven K Huprich
Both state- and trait-like manifestations of depression have been associated with poor interpersonal functioning. One mechanism by which this could occur is through individuals' sensitivity to criticism. In the present study, 414 undergraduates were assessed with the Beck Depression Inventory-II (Beck et al. 1996) and Depressive Personality Disorder Inventory (Huprich et al. 1996) as representative measures of state and trait depression respectively. They also were assessed with self-report measures of sensitivity to criticism and interpersonal problems...
May 6, 2016: Personality and Mental Health
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