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Personality and Mental Health

Michael Berk, Philip Boyce, Amber Hamilton, Grace Morris, Tim Outhred, Pritha Das, Darryl Bassett, Bernhard T Baune, Bill Lyndon, Roger Mulder, Gordon Parker, Ajeet B Singh, Gin S Malhi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 19, 2018: Personality and Mental Health
Mozhgan Lotfi, Bo Bach, Mahdi Amini, Erik Simonsen
AIM: Personality disorders (PD) have been deemed the most problematic diagnostic grouping in terms of validity and utility, which particularly applies to non-Western societies. The current study evaluated the structural validity of PD trait domains in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-5 (DSM-5) Section III and the proposed International Classification of Diseases-11 (ICD-11) in the Iranian population. METHODS: Community-dwelling adults (n = 285; 66% women) were administered the Personality Inventory for DSM-5, whereas the proposed ICD-11 trait domains were delineated using an algorithm for Personality Inventory for DSM-5 trait facets...
February 2, 2018: Personality and Mental Health
Zhihua Li, Yi Wang, Xinjie Mao, Xiayun Yin
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to examine the relationship between depression and two dimensions of hope (pathways thinking and agency thinking) in college students and explore the dynamics of the causal relationship between these variables. METHODS: A longitudinal study was conducted and included 381 college students. Hope and depression were measured using Snyder's State Hope Scale and the Center for Epidemiological Survey Depression Scale respectively, four times within a year (at 4-month intervals), and cross-lagged regression analysis was performed...
February 2, 2018: Personality and Mental Health
Allison Kalpakci, Carolyn Ha, Carla Sharp
Borderline personality disorder (BPD) in adolescents is highly complex and heterogeneous. Within the disorder, research has suggested the existence of at least two subgroups: one with predominantly internalizing psychopathology features and one with predominantly externalizing psychopathology features. One process that may differentiate these groups is executive functioning (EF), given that poor EF is linked to externalizing psychopathology. Against this background, the current study used a multi-informant approach to examine whether adolescent patients with predominantly externalizing BPD presentations experience greater deficits in EF than adolescent patients with predominantly internalizing presentations...
February 1, 2018: Personality and Mental Health
Christopher J Hopwood, Roman Kotov, Robert F Krueger, David Watson, Thomas A Widiger, Robert R Althoff, Emily B Ansell, Bo Bach, R Michael Bagby, Mark A Blais, Marina A Bornovalova, Michael Chmielewski, David C Cicero, Christopher Conway, Barbara De Clercq, Filip De Fruyt, Anna R Docherty, Nicholas R Eaton, John F Edens, Miriam K Forbes, Kelsie T Forbush, Michael P Hengartner, Masha Y Ivanova, Daniel Leising, W John Livesley, Mark R Lukowitsky, Donald R Lynam, Kristian E Markon, Joshua D Miller, Leslie C Morey, Stephanie N Mullins-Sweatt, J Hans Ormel, Christopher J Patrick, Aaron L Pincus, Camilo Ruggero, Douglas B Samuel, Martin Sellbom, Tim Slade, Jennifer L Tackett, Katherine M Thomas, Timothy J Trull, David D Vachon, Irwin D Waldman, Monika A Waszczuk, Mark H Waugh, Aidan G C Wright, Mathew M Yalch, David H Zald, Johannes Zimmermann
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Personality and Mental Health
Steven K Huprich, Sabine C Herpertz, Martin Bohus, Andrew Chanen, Marianne Goodman, Lars Mehlum, Paul Moran, Giles Newton-Howe, Lori Scott, Carla Sharp
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Personality and Mental Health
Meredith Elzy, Marc Karver
BACKGROUND: The negative effects of emotionally invalidating environments are theorized by the biosocial theory of borderline personality disorder to be vast and severe. However, findings from studies on the impact of emotional invalidation (EI) vary, perhaps due to different operational definitions of EI. The current investigation seeks to explore the relationship between the objective behavioural observations of EI and recipient's subjective perceptions of experiencing these behaviours...
February 2018: Personality and Mental Health
Katie R Kryski, Thomas M Olino, Margaret W Dyson, C Emily Durbin, Daniel N Klein, Elizabeth P Hayden
Parent history of psychopathology is an established marker of children's own risk for later disorder and can therefore be used as a means of validating other risks, such as child temperament. While associations between children's temperament and parent psychopathology have been reported, few studies have used observational measures of child temperament or examined trait interactions, particularly between children's affective and regulatory traits such as effortful control (EC). In this bottom-up family study of 968 three-year-olds and their parents, we examined interactions between preschoolers' observed positive and negative affectivity (NA) and EC as predictors of a known marker of psychopathology risk: parent history of disorder...
November 21, 2017: Personality and Mental Health
Vikas Menon, Balasubramanian Shanmuganathan, Jaiganesh Selvapandian Thamizh, Anand Babu Arun, Pooja Patnaik Kuppili, Siddharth Sarkar
BACKGROUND: People with medically unexplained symptoms (MUS) may have psychological co-morbidities. AIMS: Our objectives were to assess the rates and identify correlates of psychological distress in MUS. METHODS: A total of 171 subjects with MUS seeking treatment at a tertiary care facility were assessed over a 3-year period. Psychological distress was assessed using the Tamil version of General Health Questionnaire-12. Apart from socio-demographic factors, personality, coping, perceived social support and subjective disability were assessed using standard instruments...
November 17, 2017: Personality and Mental Health
Kasey Stanton, David Watson, Lee Anna Clark
This study advances research on interpersonal perceptions of narcissism by examining the degree to which overt displays of narcissism (e.g. being boastful and arrogant) are viewed by lay raters as resulting from covert insecurity. We wrote a brief set of items to assess this view and collected responses from a large sample of community adults (n = 5 528). We present results both for participants reporting (n = 617; patient subsample) and not reporting (n = 4 911; non-patient subsample) current psychiatric treatment...
November 3, 2017: Personality and Mental Health
Simeon Innocent, Priyanka Podder, Jai Ranjan Ram, Kirsten Barnicot, Piyal Sen
Personality disorders (PDs) are common among psychiatric outpatients and are associated with increased morbidity and worse treatment outcomes. Epidemiological research conducted among this population in Asian countries is limited, reflecting a significant gap in the current literature. One barrier to this research is the lack of appropriate screening tools. The current research assessed the feasibility of using the SAPAS (Standardized Assessment of Personality-Abbreviated Scale) screening tool to identify individuals at high risk of PD in an Indian psychiatric outpatient population and provides an initial estimate of PD prevalence by using a validated diagnostic interview, the ICD-10 International Personality Disorder Examination...
October 19, 2017: Personality and Mental Health
Adam Carmel, Nicole I Torres, Samantha Chalker, Katherine Anne Comtois
Social-environmental factors have been found to be an integral part in the recovery process for individuals with psychiatric disabilities. There are few studies that have obtained patient perspectives of how their social and treatment environments help facilitate or impede the recovery process. The following study examined the self-reported interpersonal barriers to recovery among a sample of individuals (N = 31) with borderline personality disorder who were receiving dialectical behaviour therapy. The goal of study was to identify self-reported problematic behaviour that interferes with recovery goals and identify types of family, friend and/or provider behaviours that increased the likelihood of patients engaging in these problematic behaviours...
October 12, 2017: Personality and Mental Health
R Beryl, B Völlm
The discourse surrounding personality disorder is largely negative, and the diagnosis is considered to be associated with a degree of stigma. This study aimed to investigate staff attitudes towards personality disorder in high-security and medium-security forensic-psychiatric hospitals in the UK. The Attitude to Personality Disorder Questionnaire was completed by 132 participants who were all current employees with clinical roles. Staff attitudes to personality disorder in the current study were significantly less positive than in comparable studies in similar settings...
October 11, 2017: Personality and Mental Health
Lise Laporte, Joel Paris, Phyllis Zelkowitz
Characteristics of borderline personality disorder (BPD) can undermine maternal capacity and in some cases lead to involvement with youth protection services (YPS). Yet, few studies exist on the prevalence of maternal BPD in this context and on the comparison of these families with families with other maternal psychiatric disorders or families with no mental illness within YPS. The current study surveyed 291 caseworkers working with mothers whose children and adolescents are followed by YPS. After reported prevalence was adjusted with validation procedures, the prevalence of maternal BPD in a sample of 1875 mothers was 34...
September 24, 2017: Personality and Mental Health
Leah Efferson, Andrea Glenn, Rheanna Remmel, Ravi Iyer
Previous research has demonstrated that individuals higher in psychopathy are less concerned about preventing harm and preserving fairness than individuals lower in psychopathy, yet it is unclear whether this is true for both genders. Females have been shown to be more concerned about moral issues related to preventing harm, being fair and maintaining purity, and males are more concerned about in-group loyalty and respecting authority. In addition, females on average are more empathic, less willing to cause harm and may be less sensitive to fairness...
August 30, 2017: Personality and Mental Health
Lauren M Borges, Amy E Naugle
Dimensional models of personality have been widely acknowledged in the field as alternatives to a trait-based system of nomenclature. While the importance of dimensional models has been established, less is known about the constructs underlying these personality dimensions. Emotion regulation is one such potential construct. The goal of the current study was to examine the relationship between personality dimensions and emotion regulation. More specifically, the predictive capacity of emotion regulation in accounting for personality dimensions and symptoms on the Schedule for Nonadaptive and Adaptive Personality-2 above and beyond a measure of general distress was evaluated...
August 30, 2017: Personality and Mental Health
James Foulds, Joseph Boden, John Horwood, Roger Mulder
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to examine the association between novelty seeking (NS) and antisocial behaviours (age 18-35). METHOD: A New Zealand general population birth cohort was studied from 1977 to 2012. Sample sizes ranged from n = 962 (age 35) to n = 1025 (age 18). NS was measured at age 16 using the Tridimensional Personality Questionnaire. Perpetration of antisocial behaviours was ascertained by self-report at ages 18, 21, 25, 30 and 35. Generalized estimating equation models investigated the association between NS and antisocial behaviours net of individual factors and correlates of NS before age 16 and alcohol and substance use disorders at age 18-35...
August 23, 2017: Personality and Mental Health
Marie-Ève Boucher, Jessica Pugliese, Catherine Allard-Chapais, Serge Lecours, Lola Ahoundova, Rachel Chouinard, Sarah Gaham
The parent-child relationship (PCR) is considered as a central factor in most contemporary theories on the aetiology of borderline personality disorder (BPD). This systematic review aimed to answer the three following questions: (1) How is the PCR described by BPD participants and their parents in comparison to other normative and clinical groups? (2) Which aspects of the PCR are specifically associated with a BPD diagnosis in adulthood? (3) How can the facets of the PCR identified in the reviewed studies shed light on the general aetiological models of BPD? Forty studies were retained and divided into three categories: perspective of BPD probands, perspective of their parents and perspective of family...
August 2, 2017: Personality and Mental Health
Christina M Temes, Laura R Magni, Garrett M Fitzmaurice, Blaise A Aguirre, Marianne Goodman, Mary C Zanarini
OBJECTIVE: Existing research has demonstrated that both adolescents and adults with borderline personality disorder (BPD) report higher rates of childhood adversity than their same-age peers; no studies have examined if adolescents and adults with BPD differ based on the extent of these experiences. In the present study, we compared the prevalence rates and severity of multiple forms of abuse and neglect in adolescents and adults with BPD and in psychiatrically healthy adolescents. METHODS: Participants included 104 adolescent (aged 13-17 years) inpatients with BPD, 60 age-matched, psychiatrically healthy adolescents, and 290 adult inpatients with BPD...
August 2017: Personality and Mental Health
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No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Personality and Mental Health
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