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CNS Neuroscience & Therapeutics

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429536/%C3%AE-mangostin-decreases-%C3%AE-amyloid-peptides-production-via-modulation-of-amyloidogenic-pathway
#1
Lan-Xue Zhao, Yan Wang, Ting Liu, Yan-Xia Wang, Hong-Zhuan Chen, Jian-Rong Xu, Yu Qiu
AIMS: β-amyloid (Aβ) aggregation and deposition play a central role in the pathogenic process of Alzheimer's disease (AD). α-Mangostin (α-M), a polyphenolic xanthone, have been shown to dissociate Aβ oligomers. In this study, we further investigated the effect of α-M on Aβ production and its molecular mechanism. METHODS: The Aβ and soluble amyloid precursor protein α (sAPPα) in culture medium of cortical neurons were measured by ELISA. The activities of α-, β-, and γ-secretases were assayed, and the interaction between α-M and β- or γ-secretases was simulated by molecular docking...
April 21, 2017: CNS Neuroscience & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429535/a-cross-circulated-bicephalic-model-of-head-transplantation
#2
Peng-Wei Li, Xin Zhao, Yun-Long Zhao, Bing-Jian Wang, Yang Song, Zi-Long Shen, Hong-Jun Jiang, Hai Jin, Sergio Canavero, Xiao-Ping Ren
AIMS: A successful cephalosomatic anastomosis ("head transplant") requires, among others, the ability to control long-term immune rejection and avoidance of ischemic events during the head transference phase. We developed a bicephalic model of head transplantation to study these aspects. METHODS AND RESULTS: The thoracic aorta and superior vena cava of a donor rat were anastomosed with the carotid artery and extracorporeal veins of a recipient rat by vascular grafts...
April 21, 2017: CNS Neuroscience & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421673/endothelial-erbb4-deficit-induces-alterations-in-exploratory-behavior-and-brain-energy-metabolism-in-mice
#3
Gang Wu, Xiu-Xiu Liu, Nan-Nan Lu, Qi-Bing Liu, Yun Tian, Wei-Feng Ye, Guo-Jun Jiang, Rong-Rong Tao, Feng Han, Ying-Mei Lu
AIMS: The receptor tyrosine kinase ErbB4 is present throughout the primate brain and has a distinct functional profile. In this study, we investigate the potential role of endothelial ErbB4 receptor signaling in the brain. RESULTS: Here, we show that the endothelial cell-specific deletion of ErbB4 induces decreased exploratory behavior in adult mice. However, the water maze task for spatial memory and the memory reconsolidation test reveal no changes; additionally, we observe no impairment in CaMKII phosphorylation in Cdh5Cre;ErbB4(f/f) mice, which indicates that the endothelial ErbB4 deficit leads to decreased exploratory activity rather than direct memory deficits...
April 18, 2017: CNS Neuroscience & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417590/calcitonin-gene-related-peptide-cgrp-a-novel-target-for-alzheimer-s-disease
#4
REVIEW
Yogendra Singh, Gaurav Gupta, Birendra Shrivastava, Rajiv Dahiya, Juhi Tiwari, Madhu Ashwathanarayana, Rakesh Kumar Sharma, Mohit Agrawal, Anurag Mishra, Kamal Dua
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is leading cause of death among older characterized by neurofibrillary tangles, oxidative stress, progressive neuronal deficits, and increased levels of amyloid-β (Aβ) peptides. Cholinergic treatment could be the best suitable physiological therapy for AD. Calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) is a thirty-seven-amino acid regulatory neuropeptide resulting from different merging of the CGRP gene, which also includes adrenomedullin, amylin, calcitonin, intermedin, and calcitonin receptor-stimulating peptide...
April 17, 2017: CNS Neuroscience & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417559/asenapine-modulates-mood-related-behaviors-and-5-ht1a-7-receptors-mediated-neurotransmission
#5
Sarah Delcourte, Erika Abrial, Adeline Etiévant, Renaud Rovera, Jørn Arnt, Michael Didriksen, Nasser Haddjeri
AIM: Asenapine is a new atypical antipsychotic prescribed for the treatment of psychosis/bipolar disorders that presents higher affinity for serotonergic than dopaminergic receptors. The objective of this study was to investigate its antidepressant-like and antimanic-like properties on relevant animal models of depression and mania and to assess the acute and chronic effect of Asenapine on dorsal raphe nucleus (DRN) 5-HT cell firing activity. METHODS: We assessed the effects of Asenapine using in vivo electrophysiological and behavioral assays in rats...
April 17, 2017: CNS Neuroscience & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374506/g-csf-and-cognitive-dysfunction-in-elderly-diabetic-mice-with-cerebral-small-vessel-disease-preventive-intervention-effects-and-underlying-mechanisms
#6
Zhu-Fei Guan, Ying-Hong Tao, Xiao-Ming Zhang, Qi-Lin Guo, Ying-Chao Liu, Yu Zhang, Yan-Mei Wang, Gang Ji, Guo-Feng Wu, Na-Na Wang, Hao Yang, Zhong-Yu Yu, Jing-Chun Guo, Hou-Guang Zhou
AIMS: Although cognitive dysfunction is a common neurological complication in elderly patients with diabetes, the mechanisms underlying this relationship remain unclear, and effective preventive interventions have yet to be developed. Thus, this study investigated the preventive effects and mechanisms of action associated with granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) on cognitive dysfunction in elderly diabetic mice with cerebral small vessel disease. METHODS: This study included 40 male db/db diabetic and wild-type (WT) mice that were categorized into the following four groups at the age of 3 weeks: db/db group (DG), db/db+G-CSF group (DGG), WT group (WG), and WT+G-CSF group (WGG)...
April 4, 2017: CNS Neuroscience & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317272/roles-of-ng2-glia-in-ischemic-stroke
#7
REVIEW
Fei-Er Song, Jia-Lv Huang, Si-Han Lin, Shuo Wang, Guo-Fen Ma, Xiao-Ping Tong
Recent studies have shown that a widely distributed class of glial cells, termed NG2-glia, engages in rapid signaling with surrounding neurons through direct synaptic contacts in the developing and mature central nervous system (CNS). This unique glial cell group has a typical function of proliferating and differentiating into oligodendrocytes during early development of the brain, which is crucial to axon myelin formation. Therefore, NG2-glia are also called oligodendrocyte precursor cells (OPCs). In vitro and in vivo studies reveal that NG2-glia expressing receptors and ion channels demonstrate functional significance for rapid signaling with neuronal synapses and modulation of neuronal activities in both physiological and pathological conditions...
March 19, 2017: CNS Neuroscience & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261990/dendrobium-nobile-lindl-alkaloid-a-novel-autophagy-inducer-protects-against-axonal-degeneration-induced-by-a%C3%AE-25-35-in-hippocampus-neurons-in-vitro
#8
Li-Sheng Li, Yan-Liu Lu, Jing Nie, Yun-Yan Xu, Wei Zhang, Wen-Jin Yang, Qi-Hai Gong, Yuan-Fu Lu, Yang Lu, Jing-Shan Shi
AIMS: Axonal degeneration is a pathological symbol in the early stage of Alzheimer's disease (AD), which can be triggered by amyloid-β (Aβ) peptide deposition. Growing evidence indicates that deficit of autophagy eventually leads to the axonal degeneration. Our previous studies have shown that Dendrobium nobile Lindl alkaloid (DNLA) had protective effect on neuron impairment in vivo and in vitro; however, the underlying mechanisms is still unclear. METHODS: We exposed cultured hippocampus neurons to Aβ25-35 to investigate the effect of DNLA in vitro...
March 5, 2017: CNS Neuroscience & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28256111/sirt1-dependent-ampk-pathway-in-the-protection-of-estrogen-against-ischemic-brain-injury
#9
Jin-Min Guo, He Shu, Lei Wang, Jian-Jiang Xu, Xue-Cai Niu, Li Zhang
AIMS: Stroke is a major cause of mortality and disability, especially for postmenopausal women. In view of the protective action of estrogen, hormone therapy remains the only effective way to limit this risk. The objective of this study was to investigate the efficiency and underlying mechanisms of estrogen neuroprotection. METHODS: Subcutaneous injection of 17β-estradiol in rats after ovariectomy (OVX) was used to manipulate estrogen level and explore the effects of estrogen in cerebral ischemic damage both in vivo and in vitro...
March 2, 2017: CNS Neuroscience & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28233453/oxidized-low-density-lipoprotein-induced-mouse-hippocampal-ht-22-cell-damage-via-promoting-the-shift-from-autophagy-to-apoptosis
#10
Hong-Feng Gu, Hai-Zhe Li, Xue-Jiao Xie, Ya-Ling Tang, Xiao-Qing Tang, Ya-Xiong Nie, Duan-Fang Liao
AIMS: Although oxidized low-density lipoprotein (ox-LDL) in the brain induces neuronal death, the mechanism underlying the damage effects remains largely unknown. Given that the ultimate outcome of a cell is depended on the balance between autophagy and apoptosis, this study was performed to explore whether ox-LDL induced HT-22 neuronal cell damage via autophagy impairment and apoptosis enhancement. METHODS: Flow cytometry and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) were used to evaluate changes in cell apoptosis and autophagy, respectively...
February 23, 2017: CNS Neuroscience & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195427/oculomotor-deficits-in-spinocerebellar-ataxia-type-3-potential-biomarkers-of-preclinical-detection-and-disease-progression
#11
Chao Wu, Ding-Bang Chen, Li Feng, Xiang-Xue Zhou, Ji-Wei Zhang, Hua-Jing You, Xiu-Ling Liang, Zhong Pei, Xun-Hua Li
AIMS: To detect specific oculomotor deficits in preclinical stage of spinocerebellar ataxia type 3 (SCA3) and evaluate whether these abnormalities prove useful as potential biomarkers of disease progression. METHODS: A Chinese cohort of 56 patients with SCA3, including 12 preclinical carriers of SCA3 (pre-SCA3) and 44 manifest SCA3, and 26 healthy control individuals were recruited. We performed a detailed investigation on central oculomotor performance including fixation, gaze, smooth pursuit, prosaccade, and antisaccade using video-oculography...
February 13, 2017: CNS Neuroscience & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191738/the-role-of-neuroinflammation-and-amyloid-in-cognitive-impairment-in-an-app-ps1-transgenic-mouse-model-of-alzheimer-s-disease
#12
Shenghua Zhu, Junhui Wang, Yanbo Zhang, Jue He, Jiming Kong, Jun-Feng Wang, Xin-Min Li
AIMS: Both amyloid deposition and neuroinflammation appear in the early course of Alzheimer's disease (AD). However, the progression of neuroinflammation and its relationship with amyloid deposition and behavioral changes have not been fully elucidated. A better understanding the role of neuroinflammation in AD might extend our current knowledge to therapeutic intervention possibilities. METHODS: This study systematically characterized changes in behavioral abnormalities in APP/PS1 transgenic mice...
February 12, 2017: CNS Neuroscience & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191736/the-phosphoinositide-3-kinase-signaling-is-involved-in-neuroinflammation-in-hypertensive-rats
#13
Xing Tan, Pei-Lei Jiao, Yang-Kai Wang, Zhao-Tang Wu, Xiao-Rong Zeng, Miao-Ling Li, Wei-Zhong Wang
AIMS: It has been demonstrated that neuroinflammation is associated with cardiovascular dysfunction. The phosphoinositide-3 kinase (PI3K) signaling in the rostral ventrolateral medulla (RVLM), a key region for sympathetic outflow, is upregulated and contributes to increased blood pressure (BP) and sympathetic outflow in hypertension. This study was designed to determine the role of the PI3K signaling in neuroinflammation in the RVLM of hypertension. METHODS: The normotensive WKY rats were performed by intracisternal infusion of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) or angiotensin II (Ang II) for inducing neuroinflammation...
February 12, 2017: CNS Neuroscience & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168849/cpne5-is-involved-in-regulating-rodent-anxiety-level
#14
LETTER
Xue-Feng Ding, He-Jun Wang, Lu Qian, Zeng-Yao Hu, Shu-Fang Feng, Yan Wu, Hai-Hong Yang, Hai-Tao Wu, Wen-Hong Fan, Ming Fan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 6, 2017: CNS Neuroscience & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168839/histamine-h3-receptor-antagonist-prevents-memory-deficits-and-synaptic-plasticity-disruption-following-isoflurane-exposure
#15
Tao Luo, Ying Wang, Jian Qin, Zhi-Gang Liu, Min Liu
BACKGROUND: Exposure to pharmacological concentration of inhaled anesthetics such as isoflurane can cause short- or long-term cognitive impairments in preclinical studies. The selective antagonists of the histamine H3 receptors are considered as a promising group of novel therapeutic agents for the treatment of cognitive disorders. In this study, we investigated whether ciproxifan, a nonimidazole antagonist of H3 histamine receptors, could overcome the functional and electrophysiological sequela associated with isoflurane anesthesia...
February 6, 2017: CNS Neuroscience & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130864/complex-roles-of-annexin-a2-in-host-blood-brain-barrier-invasion-by-cryptococcus-neoformans
#16
Wei Fang, Zhen-Zong Fa, Qun Xie, Gui-Zhen Wang, Jiu Yi, Chao Zhang, Guang-Xun Meng, Ju-Lin Gu, Wan-Qing Liao
INTRODUCTION: Fungal transversal across the brain microvascular endothelial cells (BMECs) is the essential step for the development of cryptococcal meningoencephalitis. Annexin A2 (AnxA2) is an important signaling protein involved in several intracellular processes such as membrane trafficking, endocytosis, and exocytosis. AIM: To investigate the roles and mechanism of AnxA2 during cryptococcal transversal of BMECs. RESULTS: Cryptococcus neoformans infection initiated upregulation of AnxA2 in mouse BMECs...
January 28, 2017: CNS Neuroscience & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28371468/tremorolytic-effect-of-5-chloro-5-deoxy-%C3%A2-enba-a-potent-and-selective-adenosine-a1-receptor-agonist-evaluated-in-the-harmaline-induced-model-in-rats
#17
Barbara Kosmowska, Krystyna Ossowska, Urszula Głowacka, Jadwiga Wardas
AIM: The aim of this study was to examine the role of adenosine A1 receptors in the harmaline-induced tremor in rats using 5'-chloro-5'-deoxy-(±)-ENBA (5'Cl5'd-(±)-ENBA), a brain-penetrant, potent, and selective adenosine A1 receptor agonist. METHODS: Harmaline was injected at a dose of 15 mg/kg ip and tremor was measured automatically in force-plate actimeters by an increased averaged power in the frequency band of 9-15 Hz (AP2) and by tremor index (a difference in power between AP2 and averaged power in the frequency band of 0-8 Hz)...
May 2017: CNS Neuroscience & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28371323/neuroprotective-effects-of-e-podofavalin-15999-atremorine%C3%A2
#18
LETTER
Alejandro Romero, Esther Parada, Laura González-Lafuente, Victor Farré-Alins, Eva Ramos, Ramón Cacabelos, Javier Egea
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: CNS Neuroscience & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296282/sildenafil-reduces-neuroinflammation-in-cerebellum-restores-gabaergic-tone-and-improves-motor-in-coordination-in-rats-with-hepatic-encephalopathy
#19
Ana Agusti, Vicente Hernández-Rabaza, Tiziano Balzano, Lucas Taoro-Gonzalez, Andrea Ibañez-Grau, Andrea Cabrera-Pastor, Santos Fustero, Marta Llansola, Carmina Montoliu, Vicente Felipo
AIMS: Patients with liver disease may develop hepatic encephalopathy (HE), with cognitive impairment and motor in-coordination. Rats with HE due to portacaval shunts (PCS) show motor in-coordination. We hypothesized that in PCS rats: (i) Motor in-coordination would be due to enhanced GABAergic tone in cerebellum; (ii) increased GABAergic tone would be due to neuroinflammation; (iii) increasing cGMP would reduce neuroinflammation and GABAergic tone and restore motor coordination. To assess these hypotheses, we assessed if (i) treatment with sildenafil reduces neuroinflammation; (ii) reduced neuroinflammation is associated with reduced GABAergic tone and restored motor coordination...
May 2017: CNS Neuroscience & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294542/pras40-alleviates-neurotoxic-prion-peptide-induced-apoptosis-via-mtor-akt-signaling
#20
Wei Yang, Li-Feng Yang, Zhi-Qi Song, Syed Zahid Ali Shah, Yong-Yong Cui, Chao-Si Li, Hua-Fen Zhao, Hong-Li Gao, Xiang-Mei Zhou, De-Ming Zhao
AIMS: The proline-rich Akt substrate of 40-kDa (PRAS40) protein is a direct inhibitor of mTORC1 and an interactive linker between the Akt and mTOR pathways. The mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) is considered to be a central regulator of cell growth and metabolism. Several investigations have demonstrated that abnormal mTOR activity may contribute to the pathogenesis of several neurodegenerative disorders and lead to cognitive deficits. METHODS: Here, we used the PrP peptide 106-126 (PrP(106-126) ) in a cell model of prion diseases (also known as transmissible spongiform encephalopathies, TSEs) to investigate the mechanisms of mTOR-mediated cell death in prion diseases...
May 2017: CNS Neuroscience & Therapeutics
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