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Anaesthesiology Intensive Therapy

Michał Hys, Rafał Rutyna, Olga Psujek, Khaled Salameh, Wojciech Dąbrowski
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Anaesthesiology Intensive Therapy
Tomasz Gaszyński
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Anaesthesiology Intensive Therapy
Małgorzata Albin, Tomasz NIkodemski
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Anaesthesiology Intensive Therapy
Paul McNulty, Tamas Szakmany, Welsh Digital Data Collection Platform Collaborators
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Anaesthesiology Intensive Therapy
Rafał Wójtowicz, Magdalena Krawiec, Piotr Orlicz
The aim of this article is to conduct an overview of the current state of knowledge about patients presenting anti-Nmethyl- D-aspartate receptor encephalitis associated with neoplastic process, as well as diagnosis and treatment. This disease concerns mainly young women and correlates with ovarian teratoma. Most important problems seems to be the difficulties in making a proper diagnosis ensuing from the rarity of this syndrome, the period from the appearance the first symptoms to starting treatment and the correct handling of intensive care complications...
2018: Anaesthesiology Intensive Therapy
Piotr Knapik, Agnieszka Misiewska-Kaczur, Danuta Gierek, Wojciech Rychlik, Marek Czekaj, Małgorzata Łowicka, Marcin Jezienicki
BACKGROUND: The literature data pertaining to the significance of day and time of ICU admission for outcomes of patients are inconsistent. The issue has not been analysed in Poland to date. The aim of the study was to gather information about differences between patients admitted to ICU outside regular working hours (off-hours) and those admitted during working hours (on-hours). METHODS: Analysis involved 20,651 patients from the Silesian Registry of Intensive Care Units carried out since 2010...
2018: Anaesthesiology Intensive Therapy
Leonid Koyfman, Evgeni Brotfain, Alexander Erblat, Inna Kovalenko, Yair-Yaish Reina, Yoav Bichovsky, Abraham Borer, Michael Friger, Amit Frenkel, Moti Klein
BACKGROUND: Stress hyperglycaemia is thought to result from a hormonal response (release of catecholamines, glucocorticoids, glucagon, etc.) following stress, sepsis or trauma. Although stress hyperglycaemia is a very common finding in critically ill populations, there are many non-diabetic critically ill patients who do not develop a hyperglycaemic stress response to trauma or acute illness. We suggest that the lack of a hyperglycaemic stress response during the acute phase of a critical illness may correlate significantly with the clinical outcome of these critically ill non-diabetic patients...
2018: Anaesthesiology Intensive Therapy
James Young, Thomas James Gallagher, Terrie Vasilopoulos
BACKGROUND: Currently, most critical care physicians maintain a patient's haemoglobin levels at 7 to 8 g dL-1. However, little data have been available on haemoglobin-related outcomes in burn patients. The purpose of this study was to evaluate inpatients with greater than 20% total body surface area burns and the effects of haemoglobin below 8 g dL-1 on clinical outcomes. METHODS: This study included 70 patients with burns amounting to greater than 20% of total body surface area...
2018: Anaesthesiology Intensive Therapy
Angel Augusto Perez-Calatayud, Raul Carrillo-Esper, Eduardo Daniel Anica-Malagon, Jesus Carlos Briones-Garduño, Emilio Arch-Tirado, Robert Wise, Manu L N G Malbrain
There is currently a lack of universally accepted criteria for gastrointestinal (GI) failure or dysfunction in critical care. Moreover, the clinical assessment of intestinal function is notoriously difficult and thus often goes unrecognized, contributing to poor outcomes. A recent grading system has been proposed to define acute gastrointestinal injury (AGI) in conjunction with other organ function scores (e.g., SOFA). Ultrasonography has become widely accepted as a diagnostic tool for GI problems and pathology...
2018: Anaesthesiology Intensive Therapy
Bjoern Zante, Patricia Stoecklin, Joerg Christian Schefold
Journal Club sessions are regarded highly effective tools for continued medical education. They aim to keep participants up to date with the current available literature and may enhance one's critical reading, interpretation, and discussion skills. Thus, Journal Clubs should be implemented as part of educational curricula in intensive care medicine. Here, we provide a conceptual framework that may support medical educators and programme directors to successfully implement structured Journal Club sessions. Moreover, we discuss the technical aspects and future perspectives of respective educational formats...
2018: Anaesthesiology Intensive Therapy
Annika Reintam Blaser, Joel Starkopf, Pieter-Jan Moonen, Manu L N G Malbrain, Heleen M Oudemans-van Straaten
Gastrointestinal (GI) problems after surgery are common and are not limited to patients undergoing abdominal surgery. GI function is complicated to monitor and is not included in organ dysfunction scores widely used in the ICUs. In most cases, it recovers after surgery, if systemic and local inflammation and perfusion improve, gut oedema resolves, and analgosedation is reduced. However, perioperative GI problems may have severe consequences and increase the risk of death if not recognized and managed in a timely manner...
2018: Anaesthesiology Intensive Therapy
Thomas Langer, Rosamaria Limuti, Concezione Tommasino, Niels van Regenmortel, Els L I M Duval, Pietro Caironi, Manu L N G Malbrain, Antonio Pesenti
Human beings are constituted mainly of water. In particular, children's total body water might reach 75-80% of their body weight, compared to 60-70% in adults. It is therefore not surprising, that children, especially hospitalized newborns and infants, are markedly prone to water and electrolyte imbalances. Parenteral fluid therapy is a cornerstone of medical treatment and is thus of exceptional relevance in this patient population. It is crucial to appreciate the fact that intravenous fluids are drugs with very different characteristics, different indications, contraindications and relevant side effects...
2018: Anaesthesiology Intensive Therapy
David J J Muckart, Manu L N G Malbrain
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Anaesthesiology Intensive Therapy
Jan Van der Mullen, Robert Wise, Griet Vermeulen, Pieter-Jan Moonen, Manu L N G Malbrain
Assessment of the intravascular volume status of patients is one of the most challenging tasks for the intensive care clinician. It is also one of the most important skills in intensive care management as both hypervolaemia and hypovolaemia lead to increased morbidity and mortality. The assessment of hypovolaemic patients is aided by several clinical signs, laboratory investigations, and a multitude of haemodynamic monitoring systems. This review aims to outline the definitions, pathophysiology, and various assessment techniques (both old and new) employed by intensivists on the critically ill patient...
November 28, 2017: Anaesthesiology Intensive Therapy
Gavin Sugrue, Manu L N G Malbrain, Bruno Pereira, Robert Wise, Michael Sugrue
Intra-abdominal hypertension (IAH) is common in critically ill patients. Diagnosis is based on measurement of intra-abdominal pressure, most commonly via the bladder. Modern imaging techniques with plain radiographs, computed tomography and magnetic resonance can help establish the diagnosis and also guide treatment. In 2013 the Abdominal Compartment Society (WSACS) published updated consensus definitions and recommendations for management of IAH and abdominal compartment syndrome (ACS). This review will give a concise overview of the important role radiographic imaging plays within these management guidelines...
November 24, 2017: Anaesthesiology Intensive Therapy
Jan Poelaert, Manu L N G Malbrain
Cardiac ultrasound has been used in the critically ill for more than thirty years. The technology has made enormous progression with respect to image quality and quantity, various Doppler techniques, as well as connectivity, the transfer of data and offline calculations. Some consider cardiac ultrasound as the stethoscope of the Twenty-first century. The potential of eye-balling moving cardiac structures gives undeniable power to this diagnostic and monitoring tool. The main shortcoming is the discontinuous mode of monitoring and the fact that optimal information acquisition can only be obtained when one is well-trained and experienced...
November 22, 2017: Anaesthesiology Intensive Therapy
Wojciech Dąbrowski, Tom Woodcock, Ziemowit Rzecki, Manu L N G Malbrain
Fluid therapy is one of the most important treatments in patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI) as both hypo- and hypervolaemia can cause harm. The main goals of fluid therapy for patients with TBI are to optimize cerebral perfusion and to maintain adequate cerebral oxygenation. The avoidance of cerebral oedema is clearly essential. The current weight of evidence in the published literature suggests that albumin therapy is harmful and plasma substitutes have failed to demonstrate superiority over crystalloids solutions...
November 22, 2017: Anaesthesiology Intensive Therapy
Cosmin Ion Balan, Adrian View-Kim Wong
Understanding pulmonary gas exchange performance is a dynamic process which, depending on clinical context, exhibits different levels of complexity. Global tools such as tension-based indexes yield clinically crucial information under very specific conditions. Yet, accurate mechanistic insight can only originate in model-based tools. One-parameter models such as shunt or dead space are well established in clinical practice whilst two or three-parameter models have just been advanced and their role is yet to be delineated...
November 22, 2017: Anaesthesiology Intensive Therapy
Pieter-Jan Moonen, Annika Reintam Blaser, Joel Starkopf, Heleen M Oudemans-van Straaten, Jan Van der Mullen, Griet Vermeulen, Manu L N G Malbrain
The gastrointestinal tract comprises diverse functions. Despite recent developments in technology and science, there is no single and universal tool to monitor GI function in intensive care unit (ICU) patients. Clinical evaluation is complex and has a low sensitivity to diagnose pathological processes in the abdomen. We performed a MEDLINE and Pubmed search connecting abdominal assessment and critical care. Based on these findings we defined the following major categories of monitoring and diagnostic measures: clinical investigation; assessment of motility and digestive function; microbiome monitoring; perfusion monitoring; laboratory biomarkers and hormonal function; intra-abdominal pressure measurement; and imaging techniques...
November 20, 2017: Anaesthesiology Intensive Therapy
Marta Rzaska, Seweryn Niewiadomski, Zbigniew Karwacki
Central nervous system (CNS) infections may involve the meninges, brain and/or spinal cord. The most common etiologic agents are Streptococcus pneumoniae, group B Streptococci, Neisseria meningitidis, Haemophilus influenzae, and Listeria monocytogenes. CNS is characterized by specific structure and function. Despite a unique system of brain barriers and autonomous immune system, CNS is very susceptible to microorganisms which may invade directly, via the blood, or less frequently by reverse axonal transport...
2017: Anaesthesiology Intensive Therapy
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