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Dental Research Journal

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702066/autologous-platelet-rich-plasma-s-role-in-enhancing-the-healing-phase-after-surgical-removal-of-teeth
#1
Ata Garajei
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Dental Research Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702065/achondroplasia-with-multiple-supplemental-supernumerary-teeth-and-multiple-talon-cusps-a-rare-case-report
#2
Jayam Raviraj, Venkata Suman, Dirasantchu Suresh, K Kartik
Achondroplasia is the most common cause of dwarfism, which is inherited as an autosomal dominant disorder, caused by genetic mutation in fibroblast growth factor 3, leading to defective maturation of chondrocytes. It is known to be associated with various oral and dental manifestations such as delayed dental development, midfacial hypoplasia and constricted maxilla with a relatively large mandible, resulting in skeletal/dental Class III malocclusion, posterior crossbite, anterior reverse jet and anterior overbite...
May 2017: Dental Research Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702064/osseous-choristoma-of-submental-region-a-rare-occurrence
#3
Khushboo Sahay, Priyanka Kardam, Monica Mehendiratta, Shweta Rehani, Nisha Singh
Osseous choristoma is a rare, benign lesion of the oral cavity. This report presents a case of osseous choristoma in the submental region of a 30-year-old female subject. Her chief complaint was a painless swelling in the submental region. Panoramic radiography showed a well-defined, round, radiopaque lesion near the inferior border of the left mental region. The lesion was diagnosed as an osseous choristoma based on the histopathological examination of the surgical specimen. This paper is an attempt to bring forward a unique occurrence of osseous choristoma, which would further help the medical fraternity in improvising their knowledge, diagnosis, and treatment of this entity...
May 2017: Dental Research Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702063/salivary-levels-of-interleukin-8-in-oral-lichen-planus-and-diabetic-patients-a-biochemical-study
#4
Atefeh Tavangar, Parichehr Ghalayani, Mahsa Abbasi Boroujeni, Fereshteh Sadat Ghoreishian
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to assess the salivary levels of interleukin-8 (IL-8) in oral lichen planus (OLP) and diabetes mellitus (DM) patients, and OLP + DM patients in comparison with healthy individuals. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted on 75 patients (30 with OLP, 5 with both OLP and DM, 20 with DM and 20 healthy controls). The salivary levels of IL-8 and fasting blood sugar and 2-h postprandial blood glucose levels were measured in all the subjects...
May 2017: Dental Research Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702062/jargon-a-barrier-in-case-history-taking-a-cross-sectional-survey-among-dental-students-and-staff
#5
R Subramaniam, R Sanjeev, Suneesh Kuruvilla, Mathew T Joy, B Muralikrishnan, John Paul
BACKGROUND: The use of jargon has become very common in the healthcare field, especially in medical/dental records. Although the use of standard medical jargon can be seen as professional, efficient shorthand, a lack of awareness regarding the standard medical abbreviations and incessant and overzealous use of slang among the healthcare professionals can act as a barrier to effective communication and understanding among patients and peers. The aim of this study was to assess the acceptance and use of jargon in case history taking among clinical dental students and dental teaching faculty members of dental colleges in Ernakulam and Idukki districts of Kerala...
May 2017: Dental Research Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702061/the-effect-of-surface-treatment-with-a-fractional-carbon-dioxide-laser-on-shear-bond-strength-of-resin-cement-to-a-lithium-disilicate-based-ceramic
#6
Farzaneh Ahrari, Alireza Boruziniat, Hamideh Sadat Mohammadipour, Mehrnoosh Alirezaei
BACKGROUND: This study investigated the impact of different surface treatments, including fractional carbon dioxide (CO2) laser on shear bond strength (SBS) of resin cement to lithium disilicate ceramic. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this in vitro study, 72 blocks of IPS e.max CAD ceramic were randomly divided into six groups in terms of treatment (n = 12). Group 1 underwent etching with 9.6% hydrofluoric (HF) acid, whereas group 2 was subjected to air abrasion with aluminum oxide particles...
May 2017: Dental Research Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702060/oral-health-status-salivary-ph-status-and-streptococcus-mutans-counts-in-dental-plaques-and-saliva-of-children-with-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia
#7
Romina Mazaheri, Ebrahim Jabbarifar, Elnaz Ghasemi, Elahe Akkafzadeh, Elmira Poursaeid
BACKGROUND: Acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), accounting for 23% of all malignancies in children, is the most prevalent pediatric malignancy. This study compared dental caries, oral hygiene status, salivary pH, and Streptococcus mutans counts in dental plaques and saliva of children with leukemia with those of healthy controls. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This case-control cross-sectional study assessed 32 children with ALL and 32 healthy children (4-9-year-old) for gingival bleeding index (GBI), decayed, missing, and filled/decayed, missing, and filled surfaces (DMF/dmfs), and plaque index (PI)...
May 2017: Dental Research Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702059/preferences-and-choices-of-a-child-concerning-the-environment-in-a-pediatric-dental-operatory
#8
Trophimus Gnanabagyan Jayakaran, C Vishnu Rekha, Sankar Annamalai, Parisa Norouzi Baghkomeh, D Ditto Sharmin
BACKGROUND: The aim of this cross-sectional descriptive study was to determine children's preferences in a dental clinic so as to reduce anxiety during dental procedures. In this study survey methodology was used. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A questionnaire was designed to evaluate the child's preference in a dental hospital so as to remove anxiety during a dental procedure. This study was carried out on 50 children aged 6-10 years. The children were randomly selected based on their first dental visit in a private dental college...
May 2017: Dental Research Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702058/effectiveness-of-audiovisual-distraction-in-behavior-modification-during-dental-caries-assessment-and-sealant-placement-in-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#9
Kausar Sadia Fakhruddin, Hisham Yehia El Batawi
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of audiovisual (AV) distraction in behavior modification during dental caries assessment and sealant placement in children with autism spectrum disorder. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was conducted on 28 children diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder, aged 6.5-9.8 years. Children underwent one introductory (desensitization) appointment and three treatment sessions. During the introductory session, children had the procedures explained to them, they watched a movie projected on a screen while oral screening and assessment of cooperation level were carried out...
May 2017: Dental Research Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702057/role-of-fluoride-varnish-in-preventing-early-childhood-caries-a-systematic-review
#10
REVIEW
Poulami Mishra, Nusrath Fareed, Hemant Battur, Sanjeev Khanagar, Manohar A Bhat, Jagan Palaniswamy
BACKGROUND: Early childhood caries is a public health problem that continues to affect babies and preschool children worldwide. This untreated caries process results in progressive destruction of the crowns of the teeth, often accompanied by severe pain and suffering, affecting the quality of life. Fluoride varnish which is one of the most important materials to prevent ECC is easy to apply and well tolerated by children. This study aimed to evaluate the scientific evidence regardingthe role of fluoride varnish in preventing early childhood caries...
May 2017: Dental Research Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702056/prevalence-of-dental-caries-and-fluoride-concentration-of-drinking-water-a-systematic-review
#11
REVIEW
Fatemeh Goodarzi, Amir Hossein Mahvi, Mostafa Hosseini, Ramin Nabizadeh Nodehi, Mohammad Javad Kharazifard, Mina Parvizishad
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to systematically review prevalence of dental caries at different water fluoride levels and emphasize fluoride concentration of drinking water and prevalence of dental caries. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A comprehensive study was conducted using PubMed database. Inclusion criteria were predefined and some articles fulfilled these criteria. Study validity was assessed by some checklists. Surveys were conducted to determine prevalence of dental caries among individuals...
May 2017: Dental Research Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584541/the-use-of-the-digital-smile-design-concept-as-an-auxiliary-tool-in-periodontal-plastic-surgery
#12
Felipe Rychuv Santos, Stephanie Felice Kamarowski, Camilo Andres Villabona Lopez, Carmen Lucia Mueller Storrer, Alexandre Teixeira Neto, Tatiana Miranda Deliberador
Periodontal surgery associated with prior waxing, mock-up, and the use of digital tools to design the smile is the current trend of reverse planning in periodontal plastic surgery. The objective of this study is to report a surgical resolution of the gummy smile using a prior esthetic design with the use of digital tools. A digital smile design and mock-up were used for performing gingival recontouring surgery. The relationship between the facial and dental measures and the incisal plane with the horizontal facial plane of reference were evaluated...
March 2017: Dental Research Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584540/evaluation-and-comparison-of-efficacy-of-three-desensitizing-dentifrices-on-dentinal-hypersensitivity-and-salivary-biochemical-characteristics-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
Deepthi Athuluru, Chandrasekhara Reddy, K M Sudhir, Krishna Kumar, Sreenivasulu Gomasani, Sreenivas Nagarakanti
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to evaluate and compare the efficacy of three desensitizing dentifrices on dentinal hypersensitivity (DH) and salivary biochemical characteristics. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A randomized, parallel arm, triple-blinded, clinical trial was conducted over a period of 12 weeks, with a total of three visits: baseline, 6 weeks, and 12 weeks. Calcium sodium phosphosilicate, potassium nitrate and amine fluoride dentifrices were compared. A total of 68 subjects who satisfied the inclusion criteria were included and randomly divided into four groups...
March 2017: Dental Research Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584539/correlation-between-chronological-age-and-third-molar-developmental-stages-in-an-iranian-population-demirjian-method
#14
Aria Khosronejad, Manijeh Navabi, Shirin Sakhdari, Vahid Rakhshan
BACKGROUND: Third molar development is the only available tool for estimating the age of individuals after puberty. Since this tooth has very high interethnic variability, formulas calculated to estimate the age from its development stages cannot be generalized to other populations and should be adjusted for each region. Therefore, this study was conducted to evaluate this method in a sample of Tehran individuals for the first time, and also to compare the development of third molars across sexes and arches, and to estimate cutoff developmental stages for legal minor/major identification...
March 2017: Dental Research Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584538/pattern-of-mandibular-third-molar-impaction-and-its-association-to-caries-in-mandibular-second-molar-a-clinical-variant
#15
V K Prajapati, Ruchi Mitra, K M Vinayak
BACKGROUND: Caries in second molar is common and prophylactic removal of the impacted teeth may be considered appropriate. Caries detection and restoration can be difficult and a restored second molar can undergo recurrent caries if the third molar is not removed prophylactically. In this study, the clinical findings related to impaction and its association with angular position and depth of impacted third molar were evaluated. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective descriptive study was carried out among the patients visiting the outpatient, department of Dentistry, RIMS, Ranchi...
March 2017: Dental Research Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584537/a-comparison-of-the-efficacy-of-mechanical-chemical-and-microwave-radiation-methods-in-disinfecting-complete-dentures
#16
Niloofar Mojarad, Zahra Khalili, Shima Aalaei
BACKGROUND: Poor denture hygiene can be a potential source of pathogens. The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy of microwave radiation with that of chemical and mechanical techniques in disinfecting complete dentures contaminated with Staphylococcus aureus and Pseudomonas aeruginosa. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seventy-two sterilized mandibular dentures were separately contaminated with S. aureus (n = 32) and P. aeruginosa (n = 32) and then incubated at 37°C for 48 h...
March 2017: Dental Research Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584536/comparative-assessment-of-salivary-cotinine-level-and-psychological-dependence-among-tobacco-users
#17
Vrushali D Patel, Kiran B Jadhav, Vandana S Shah, Nidhi D Gupta
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to assess the correlation between salivary cotinine level and psychological dependence measured through Fagerstrom test for nicotine dependence (FTND) questionnaire among tobacco users. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study, conducted on tobacco users. Participants with the present habit of tobacco chewing and smoking above the age of 16 years were included in the study. A standard questionnaire form of FTND revised version for smoking and smokeless form of tobacco were given to each participant...
March 2017: Dental Research Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584535/stress-distribution-in-maxillary-first-molar-periodontium-using-straight-pull-headgear-with-vertical-and-horizontal-tubes-a-finite-element-analysis
#18
Masood Feizbakhsh, Mahmoud Kadkhodaei, Dana Zandian, Zahra Hosseinpour
BACKGROUND: One of the most effective ways for distal movement of molars to treat Class II malocclusion is using extraoral force through a headgear device. The purpose of this study was the comparison of stress distribution in maxillary first molar periodontium using straight pull headgear in vertical and horizontal tubes through finite element method. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Based on the real geometry model, a basic model of the first molar and maxillary bone was obtained using three-dimensional imaging of the skull...
March 2017: Dental Research Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584534/impact-of-virtual-microscopy-with-conventional-microscopy-on-student-learning-in-dental-histology
#19
Alka Harish Hande, Vidya K Lohe, Minal S Chaudhary, Madhuri N Gawande, Swati K Patil, Prajakta R Zade
BACKGROUND: In dental histology, the assimilation of histological features of different dental hard and soft tissues is done by conventional microscopy. This traditional method of learning prevents the students from screening the entire slide and change of magnification. To address these drawbacks, modification in conventional microscopy has evolved and become motivation for changing the learning tool. Virtual microscopy is the technique in which there is complete digitization of the microscopic glass slide, which can be analyzed on a computer...
March 2017: Dental Research Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584533/salivary-oxidative-stress-in-oral-lichen-planus-treated-with-triamcinolone-mouthrinse
#20
Arash Mansourian, Farzaneh Agha-Hosseini, Hamed Hossein Kazemi, Nazanin Mortazavi, Mahdieh-Sadat Moosavi, Jalil Beytollahi, Iraj Mirzaii-Dizgah
BACKGROUND: Total antioxidant capacity (TAC) and malondialdehyde (MDA) levels have not been reported in oral lichen planus (OLP) patients treated with a topical corticosteroid. This study evaluates TAC and MDA levels in unstimulated saliva of OLP patients. Such measurements may need to be supported by clinical observation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty patients with OLP participated in a study conducted at the Department of Oral Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences...
March 2017: Dental Research Journal
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