journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Fly

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426351/chromosome-4-in-drosophila-melanogaster-imperfection-or-interesting-exception
#1
Michaelyn A Hartmann, Jeff Sekelsky
Drosophila melanogaster chromosome 4 is an anomaly because of its small size, chromatin structure, and most notably its lack of crossing over during meiosis. Earlier ideas about the absence of crossovers on 4 hypothesize that these unique characteristics function to prevent crossovers. Here, we explore hypotheses about the absence of crossovers on 4, how these have been addressed, and new insights into the mechanism behind this suppression. We review recently published results that indicate that global crossover patterning, in particular the centromere effect, make a major contribution to the prevention of crossovers on 4...
April 20, 2017: Fly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300473/cells-on-the-move-modulation-of-guidance-cues-during-germ-cell-migration
#2
Girish Deshpande, Justinn Barr, Offer Gerlitz, Lyubov Lebedeva, Yulii Shidlovskii, Paul Schedl
In Drosophila melanogaster the progenitors of the germ-line stem cells, the primordial germ cells (PGCs) are formed on the outside surface of the early embryo, while the somatic gonadal precursor cells (SGPs) are specified during mid-embryogenesis. To form the primitive embryonic gonad, the PGCs travel from outside of the embryo, across the mid-gut and then migrate through the mesoderm to the SGPs. The migratory path of PGCs is dictated by a series of attractive and repulsive cues. Studies in our laboratory have shown that one of the key chemoattractants is the Hedgehog (Hh) ligand...
March 16, 2017: Fly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277941/drosophila-development-physiology-behavior-and-lifespan-are-influenced-by-altered-dietary-composition
#3
Kiel G Ormerod, Olivia K LePine, Prabhodh S Abbineni, Justin M Bridgeman, Jens R Coorssen, A Joffre Mercier, Glenn J Tattersall
Diet profoundly influences the behavior of animals across many phyla. Despite this, most laboratories using model organisms, such as Drosophila, use multiple, different, commercial or custom-made media for rearing their animals. In addition to measuring growth, fecundity and longevity, we used several behavioral and physiological assays to determine if and how altering food media influence wild-type (Canton S) Drosophila melanogaster, at larval, pupal, and adult stages. Comparing 2 commonly used commercial food media we observed several key developmental and morphological differences...
March 9, 2017: Fly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277925/methods-to-investigate-the-structure-and-connectivity-of-the-nervous-system
#4
Donghyung Lee, Ting-Hao Huang, Aubrie De La Cruz, Antuca Callejas, Carlos Lois
Understanding the computations that take place in neural circuits requires identifying how neurons in those circuits are connected to one another. In addition, recent research indicates that aberrant neuronal wiring may be the cause of several neurodevelopmental disorders, further emphasizing the importance of identifying the wiring diagrams of brain circuits. To address this issue, several new approaches have been recently developed. In this review, we describe several methods that are currently available to investigate the structure and connectivity of the brain, and discuss their strengths and limitations...
February 16, 2017: Fly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165886/parsimony-and-complexity-cell-fate-assignment-in-the-developing-drosophila-eye
#5
Yannis Emmanuel Mavromatakis, Andrew Tomlinson
The specification of the R7 photoreceptor in the Drosophila eye has become a classic model for understanding how cell fates are assigned in developing systems. R7 is derived from a group of cells that also gives rise to the R1/6 photoreceptor class and the non-photoreceptor cone cells. Our studies examine the signals and cellular information that direct each of these cell types. The cell fates are directed by the combined actions of the Receptor Tyrosine Kinase (RTK) and Notch (N) signaling pathways. The RTK pathway acts to remove the transcription factor Tramtrack (Ttk) which represses the photoreceptor fate...
February 6, 2017: Fly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165856/sechsp70-as-a-tool-to-approach-amyloid-%C3%AE-42-and-other-extracellular-amyloids
#6
Lorena de Mena, Deepak Chhangani, Pedro Fernandez-Funez, Diego E Rincon-Limas
Self-association of amyloidogenic proteins is the main pathological trigger in a wide variety of neurodegenerative disorders. These aggregates are deposited inside or outside the cell due to hereditary mutations, environmental exposures or even normal aging. Cumulative evidence indicates that the heat shock chaperone Hsp70 possesses robust neuroprotection against various intracellular amyloids in Drosophila and mouse models. However, its protective role against extracellular amyloids was largely unknown as its presence outside the cells is very limited...
February 6, 2017: Fly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27960619/we-also-canfly-the-2nd-mexfly-drosophila-research-conference
#7
Fanis Missirlis, Marcos Nahmad
The 2nd Mexican Drosophila Research Conference (MexFly) took place on June 30th and July 1st, 2016 in Mexico City, at the Center for Research and Advanced Studies of the National Polytechnic Institute (Cinvestav). Principal investigators, postdocs, students, and technicians from Drosophila labs across Mexico attended. The guest speaker was Chris Rushlow from New York University, who presented work on Zelda, a key transcriptional activator of the early zygotic genome. Here we provide a brief report of the meeting, which sketches the present landscape of Drosophila research in Mexico...
April 3, 2017: Fly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27960592/mobile-phone-radiation-induced-perturbation-of-gene-expression-profiling-redox-equilibrium-and-sporadic-apoptosis-control-in-the-ovary-of-drosophila-melanogaster
#8
Areti K Manta, Deppie Papadopoulou, Alexander P Polyzos, Adamantia F Fragopoulou, Aikaterini S Skouroliakou, Dimitris Thanos, Dimitrios J Stravopodis, Lukas H Margaritis
The daily use by people of wireless communication devices has increased exponentially in the last decade, begetting concerns regarding its potential health hazards. Drosophila melanogaster four days-old adult female flies were exposed for 30 min to radiation emitted by a commercial mobile phone at a SAR of 0.15 W/kg and a SAE of 270 J/kg. ROS levels and apoptotic follicles were assayed in parallel with a genome-wide microarrays analysis. ROS cellular contents were found to increase by 1.6-fold (x), immediately after the end of exposure, in follicles of pre-choriogenic stages (germarium - stage 10), while sporadically generated apoptotic follicles (germarium 2b and stages 7-9) presented with an averaged 2x upregulation in their sub-population mass, 4 h after fly's irradiation with mobile device...
April 3, 2017: Fly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27880074/what-does-the-fruitless-gene-tell-us-about-nature-vs-nurture-in-the-sex-life-of-drosophila
#9
Daisuke Yamamoto, Soh Kohatsu
The fruitless (fru) gene in Drosophila has been proposed to play a master regulator role in the formation of neural circuitries for male courtship behavior, which is typically considered to be an innate behavior composed of a fixed action pattern as generated by the central pattern generator. However, recent studies have shed light on experience-dependent changes and sensory-input-guided plasticity in courtship behavior. For example, enhanced male-male courtship, a fru mutant "hallmark," disappears when fru-mutant males are raised in isolation...
April 3, 2017: Fly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834611/strategy-changes-in-subsequent-fights-as-consequences-of-winning-and-losing-in-fruit-fly-fights
#10
Séverine Trannoy, Edward A Kravitz
In competition for food, territory and mates, male fruit flies (Drosophila melanogaster) engage in agonistic encounters with conspecifics. The fighting strategies used to obtain these resources are influenced by previous and present experience, environmental cues, and the internal state of the animal including hormonal and genetic influences. Animals that experience prior defeats show submissive behavior and are more likely to lose 2(nd) contests, while animals that win 1(st) fights are more aggressive and have a higher probability of winning 2(nd) contests...
April 3, 2017: Fly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834607/somatic-recombination-in-adult-tissues-what-is-there-to-learn
#11
Katarzyna Siudeja, Allison J Bardin
Somatic recombination is essential to protect genomes of somatic cells from DNA damage but it also has important clinical implications, as it is a driving force of tumorigenesis leading to inactivation of tumor suppressor genes. Despite this importance, our knowledge about somatic recombination in adult tissues remains very limited. Our recent work, using the Drosophila adult midgut has demonstrated that spontaneous events of mitotic recombination accumulate in aging adult intestinal stem cells and result in frequent loss of heterozygosity (LOH)...
April 3, 2017: Fly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27723419/successive-requirement-of-glass-and-hazy-for-photoreceptor-specification-and-maintenance-in-drosophila
#12
F Javier Bernardo-Garcia, Tim-Henning Humberg, Cornelia Fritsch, Simon G Sprecher
Development of the insect compound eye requires a highly controlled interplay between transcription factors. However, the genetic mechanisms that link early eye field specification to photoreceptor terminal differentiation and fate maintenance remain largely unknown. Here, we decipher the function of 2 transcription factors, Glass and Hazy, which play a central role during photoreceptor development. The regulatory interactions between Glass and Hazy suggest that they function together in a coherent feed-forward loop in all types of Drosophila photoreceptors...
April 3, 2017: Fly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27686122/control-of-non-apoptotic-nurse-cell-death-by-engulfment-genes-in-drosophila
#13
Allison K Timmons, Albert A Mondragon, Tracy L Meehan, Kimberly McCall
Programmed cell death occurs as a normal part of oocyte development in Drosophila. For each egg that is formed, 15 germline-derived nurse cells transfer their cytoplasmic contents into the oocyte and die. Disruption of apoptosis or autophagy only partially inhibits the death of the nurse cells, indicating that other mechanisms significantly contribute to nurse cell death. Recently, we demonstrated that the surrounding stretch follicle cells non-autonomously promote nurse cell death during late oogenesis and that phagocytosis genes including draper, ced-12, and the JNK pathway are crucial for this process...
April 3, 2017: Fly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27540893/trans-inactivation-repression-in-a-wrong-place
#14
Aleksei S Shatskikh, Yuriy A Abramov, Sergey A Lavrov
Trans-inactivation is the repression of genes on a normal chromosome under the influence of a rearranged homologous chromosome demonstrating the position effect variegation (PEV). This phenomenon was studied in detail on the example of brown(Dominant) allele causing the repression of wild-type brown gene on the opposite chromosome. We have investigated another trans-inactivation-inducing chromosome rearrangement, In(2)A4 inversion. In both cases, brown(Dominant) and In(2)A4, the repression seems to be the result of dragging of the euchromatic region of the normal chromosome into the heterochromatic environment...
April 3, 2017: Fly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28121487/gluconeogenesis-an-ancient-biochemical-pathway-with-a-new-twist
#15
Tetsuya Miyamoto, Hubert Amrein
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 25, 2017: Fly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165912/from-the-editors
#16
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2, 2017: Fly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27575697/the-beneficial-role-of-extracellular-reactive-oxygen-species-in-apoptosis-induced-compensatory-proliferation
#17
Neha Diwanji, Andreas Bergmann
Apoptosis-induced proliferation (AiP) maintains tissue homeostasis following massive stress-induced cell death. During this phenomenon, dying cells induce proliferation of the surviving cells to compensate for the tissue loss, and thus restore organ size. Along with wound healing and tissue regeneration, AiP also contributes to tumor repopulation following radiation or chemotherapy. There are several models of AiP. Using an "undead" AiP model that causes hyperplastic overgrowth of Drosophila epithelial tissue, we recently demonstrated that extracellular reactive oxygen species (eROS) are produced by undead epithelial cells, and are necessary for inducing AiP and overgrowth...
January 2, 2017: Fly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27562340/how-tissue-damage-met-metabolism-regulation-of-the-systemic-damage-response
#18
Soshiro Kashio, Fumiaki Obata, Masayuki Miura
Living organisms experience tissue damage from both, the surrounding environment and from inside their bodies. Tissue repair/regeneration is triggered by local tissue injury to restore an injured, or lost, part of the body. Tissue damage results in a series of responses, not only locally but also systemically in distant tissues. In our recent publication, we established a "dual system" that induces spatiotemporal tissue damage simultaneously with gene manipulation in surrounding tissues. With this system, we demonstrated that appropriate regulation of methionine metabolism in the fat body is required for tissue repair in Drosophila wing discs, thus highlighting the importance of systemic damage response (SDR) in tissue repair...
January 2, 2017: Fly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27560369/drosophila-yakuba-mayottensis-a-new-model-for-the-study-of-incipient-ecological-speciation
#19
Amir Yassin
A full understanding of how ecological factors drive the fixation of genetic changes during speciation is obscured by the lack of appropriate models with clear natural history and powerful genetic toolkits. In a recent study, we described an early stage of ecological speciation in a population of the generalist species Drosophila yakuba (melanogaster subgroup) on the island of Mayotte (Indian Ocean). On this island, flies are strongly associated with the toxic fruits of noni (Morinda citrifolia) and show a partial degree of pre-zygotic reproductive isolation...
January 2, 2017: Fly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27540774/ectoparasitic-mites-and-their-drosophila-hosts
#20
Alejandra Perez-Leanos, Mariana Ramirez Loustalot-Laclette, Nestor Nazario-Yepiz, Therese Ann Markow
Only two parasite interactions are known for Drosophila to date: Allantonematid nematodes associated with mycophagous Drosophilids and the ectoparasitic mite Macrocheles subbadius with the Sonoran Desert endemic Drosophila nigrospiracula. Unlike the nematode-Drosophila association, breadth of mite parasitism on Drosophila species is unknown. As M. subbadius is a generalist, parasitism of additional Drosophilids is expected. We determined the extent and distribution of mite parasitism in nature Drosophilids collected in Mexico and southern California...
January 2, 2017: Fly
journal
journal
41948
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"