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Journal of Infection Prevention

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29552103/diary
#1
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Journal of Infection Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29552100/getting-it-right-first-time-tackling-surgical-site-infections
#2
Junie Lc Wong, Tim Rw Briggs
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Journal of Infection Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29552099/an-evaluation-of-infection-control-in-private-and-public-sector-intensive-care-units-in-south-africa
#3
Saajida Mahomed, A Willem Sturm, Stephen Knight, Prashini Moodley
Background: Appropriate infection control policies and practices are key to reducing the risk of healthcare-associated infections in patients in intensive care units (ICUs). Objective: To evaluate infection control in ICUs using the Infection Control Assessment Tool (ICAT). Methods: Six public and five private adult ICUs were included. Seven modules from the ICAT were administered including ICU, hand hygiene, and isolation and standard precautions...
March 2018: Journal of Infection Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29552098/antimicrobial-stewardship-and-pre-registration-student-nurses-evaluation-of-teaching
#4
Jo McEwen, Emma Burnett
Background: Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is a global health concern. It is therefore imperative that healthcare professionals receive ongoing and relevant education and training to ensure they are competent in contributing to antimicrobial stewardship (AMS). At present, few undergraduate nursing programmes include AMS within their curriculum. Objective: The aim of the evaluation was to determine the relevancy of AMS within the undergraduate nursing programme through the perceptions of student nurses...
March 2018: Journal of Infection Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29552097/multi-centre-prospective-internal-and-external-evaluation-of-the-brompton-harefield-infection-score-bhis
#5
Melissa Rochon, Julian We Jarman, Joseph Gabriel, Lisa Butcher, Carlos Morais, Martin Still, Ishtiaq Ahmed, Mario Petrou, Richard Trimlett, Anthony DeSouza, Rashmi Yadav, Shahzad G Raja
Background: Previously, we reported that the Brompton Harefield Infection Score (BHIS) accurately predicts surgical site infection (SSI) after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). The BHIS was developed using two-centre data and stratifies SSI risk into three groups based on female gender, diabetes or HbA1c > 7.5%, body mass index ≥ 35, left ventricular ejection fraction < 45% and emergency surgery. The purpose of this study was to prospectively evaluate BHIS internally as well as externally...
March 2018: Journal of Infection Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29552096/quality-improvement-collaborative-a-novel-approach-to-improve-infection-prevention-and-control-perceptions-of-lead-infection-prevention-nurses-who-participated
#6
Debra Adams, Victoria Hine, Helen Bucior, Wendy Foster, Nyarayi Mukombe, Jane Ryan, Sandra Smirthwaite, Jodie Winfield
Background: In response to the ongoing infection prevention (IP) challenges in England, a 90-day quality improvement (QI) collaborative programme was developed. The paper discusses the approach, benefits, challenges and evaluation of the programme. Objective: The objective of the collaborative was to develop new approaches to enable sustainable and effective IP. Methodology: Six trusts in the region participated in the collaborative. Each defined their bespoke IP focus...
March 2018: Journal of Infection Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29552095/-clostridium-difficile-multidisciplinary-team-root-cause-analysis-impact-on-clinical-care-and-circumvention-of-financial-penalties-posed-by-clinical-commissioning-groups-but-at-what-cost
#7
Kordo Saeed, Christina Petridou, Hazel Gray, Matthew Dryden, Karen Davis-Blues, Sheryl Lucero, Natalie Parker, Taryn Keyser, Tanya Matthews, Nick Cortes, Stephen Kidd, Claire Thomas, Heather Peacock, Joanna Hornzee, Bruce Wake
Background: In Hampshire Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, in addition to an on-the-spot investigation into hospital-onset Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) by the infection prevention team, a multidisciplinary team root cause analysis (MDT-RCA) forum has been developed. The MDT-RCA aims to deliver a more thorough investigation into individual cases and the recommendation of cases to the clinical commissioning groups (CCG) appeals panel against potential financial penalties (£10,000 per breached case)...
March 2018: Journal of Infection Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29552094/root-cause-analysis-for-clostridium-difficile-infections-is-it-time-for-change
#8
EDITORIAL
Jennie Wilson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Journal of Infection Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317915/diary
#9
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Journal of Infection Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317914/a-high-impact-intervention-for-a-high-impact-intervention-improving-documentation-of-peripheral-venous-access-insertion-in-theatre
#10
Kavita Upadhyaya, Heidy Hendra, Nick Wilson
The Department of Health's 'High Impact Intervention (HII) - Peripheral intravenous cannula care bundle' lists six actions to be performed at the time of peripheral intravenous cannulation. Audit of compliance to these requires documentation. We assessed documentation on the anaesthetic charts of 50 surgical patients. Purpose-made stickers were then placed on all anaesthetic charts. Re-assessment of a further 50 patients' charts demonstrated a significant improvement in documentation of the bundle post intervention (Fisher's exact test P < 0...
January 2018: Journal of Infection Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317913/prevalence-and-risk-factors-for-bloodstream-infection-present-on-hospital-admission
#11
Sainfer Aliyu, Bevin Cohen, Jianfang Liu, Elaine Larson
Background: Bloodstream infection present on hospital admission (BSI-POA) is a major cause of morbidity and mortality. The purpose of this study was to measure prevalence and describe the risk factors of patients with BSI-POA and to determine the prevalence of resistance in isolates by admission source. Methods: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of patients discharged from three hospitals in New York City between 2006 and 2014. BSI-POA was defined as BSI diagnosed within 48 h of hospitalisation...
January 2018: Journal of Infection Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317912/knowledge-perceptions-and-practices-of-healthcare-workers-regarding-the-use-of-respiratory-protection-equipment-at-iran-hospitals
#12
Marzieh Honarbakhsh, Mehdi Jahangiri, Haleh Ghaem
Background: Using appropriate respiratory protection equipment (RPE) is very important to protect healthcare workers (HCWs) against respiratory hazards. The aim of this study was to identify the level of knowledge, perceptions and practices of HCWs on using RPE. Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted with 284 employees of educational hospitals affiliated to Shiraz University of Medical Sciences. The study's instrument was a self-made questionnaire that comprised four components: demographic inquiries and questions designed to assess the knowledge, perceptions and practice of HCWs regarding RPE...
January 2018: Journal of Infection Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317911/a-quality-assurance-investigation-of-clabsi-events-are-there-exceptions-to-never
#13
Samantha Strickler, Rohit R Gupta, John T Doucette, Roopa Kohli-Seth
Background: In the USA, central line associated blood stream infections (CLABSIs) have been designated as 'never events', prompting initiatives towards a 'zero CLABSIs' standard. We propose that there are cascading risk factors predisposing certain patient cohorts to higher CLABSIs rates. Methods: A retrospective review of all CLABSI infections over a 12-month period was undertaken. Risk factors examined included catheter type, insertion site and parenteral nutrition (PN) status...
January 2018: Journal of Infection Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317910/impact-of-choice-of-skin-preparation-solution-in-cardiac-surgery-on-rate-of-surgical-site-infection-a-propensity-score-matched-analysis
#14
Shahzad G Raja, Melissa Rochon, Clair Mullins, Carlos Morais, Antonios Kourliouros, Ellie Wishart, Anthony De Souza, Sunil Bhudia
Background: Antiseptic skin preparations containing chlorhexidine gluconate and povidone iodine are routinely used to reduce the risk of surgical site infection (SSI). This study assesses the efficacy of two alcohol-based solutions, 2% chlorhexidine-alcohol and 10% povidone iodine-alcohol, on the incidence of cardiac SSI. Methods: A total of 738 consecutive patients undergoing cardiac surgery had skin preparation with 2% chlorhexidine gluconate in 70% isopropanol (ChloraPrep, BD Ltd, UK) were propensity matched to 738 patients with skin prepared with 10% povidone-iodine in 30% industrial methylated spirit (Videne Alcoholic Tincture, Ecolab Ltd, UK)...
January 2018: Journal of Infection Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317909/implementing-the-aseptic-non-touch-technique-antt%C3%A2-clinical-practice-framework-for-aseptic-technique-a-pragmatic-evaluation-using-a-mixed-methods-approach-in-two-london-hospitals
#15
Simon Clare, Stephen Rowley
Background: Aseptic technique is an important infection prevention competency for protecting patients from healthcare-associated infection (HAI). Healthcare providers using the Aseptic Non Touch Technique (ANTT®) aseptic technique have demonstrated reduced variability and improved compliance with aseptic technique. Objectives: The primary aim of this study is to determine whether standardizing aseptic technique for invasive IV procedures, using the ANTT® - Clinical Practice Framework (CPF), increases staff compliance with the infection prevention actions designed to achieve a safe and effective aseptic technique, and whether this is sustainable over time...
January 2018: Journal of Infection Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317908/rethinking-the-use-of-audit-to-drive-improvement
#16
EDITORIAL
Jennie Wilson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Journal of Infection Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345693/corrigendum
#17
(no author information available yet)
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1177/1757177417720999.].
November 2017: Journal of Infection Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345688/corrigendum
#18
(no author information available yet)
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1177/1757177417695647.].
November 2017: Journal of Infection Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344103/diary
#19
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Journal of Infection Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344102/should-preoperative-showering-or-cleansing-with-chlorhexidine-gluconate-chg-be-part-of-the-surgical-care-bundle-to-prevent-surgical-site-infection
#20
Charles E Edmiston, David Leaper
Showering preoperatively with chlorhexidine gluconate is an issue that continues to promote debate; however, many studies demonstrate evidence of surgical site infection risk reduction. Methodological issues have been present in many of the studies used to compile guidelines and there has been a lack of standardisation of processes for application of the active agents in papers pre-2009. This review and commentary paper highlights the potential for enhancing compliance with this low-risk and low-cost intervention and provides some guidance for enhancing implementation of preoperative showering with both chlorhexidine in solution and impregnated wipes...
November 2017: Journal of Infection Prevention
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