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Journal of Infection Prevention

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30013627/diary
#1
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2018: Journal of Infection Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30013626/candida-autovaccination-a-new-strategy-to-prevent-antifungal-resistance
#2
Gianmarco Troiano, Isabella Mercurio, Nicola Nante, Massimo Lancia, Mauro Bacci
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2018: Journal of Infection Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30013625/antimicrobial-resistance-a-biopsychosocial-problem-requiring-innovative-interdisciplinary-and-imaginative-interventions
#3
Paul Flowers
To date, antimicrobials have been understood through largely biomedical perspectives. There has been a tendency to focus upon the effectiveness of pharmaceuticals within individual bodies. However, the growing threat of antimicrobial resistance demands we reconsider how we think about antimicrobials and their effects. Rather than understanding them primarily within bodies, it is increasingly important to consider their effects between bodies, between species and across environments. We need to reduce the drivers of antimicrobial resistance (AMR) at a global level, focusing on the connections between prescribing in one country and resistance mechanisms in another...
July 2018: Journal of Infection Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30013624/impact-of-an-antimicrobial-stewardship-program-on-healthcare-associated-clostridium-difficile-rates-at-a-community-based-teaching-hospital
#4
Matthew A Moffa, Thomas L Walsh, Amy Tang, Derek N Bremmer
We conducted a pre-intervention/post-intervention study to assess the rate of healthcare-associated Clostridium difficile infections (HA-CDI) before and after the implementation of an antimicrobial stewardship program (ASP). Upon implementation of our ASP, the usage of targeted antimicrobials, including ceftriaxone, clindamycin, fluoroquinolones and carbapenem antibiotics, were significantly reduced. There was also a significant reduction in HA-CDI/1000 patient-days following ASP implementation (0.84 vs. 0...
July 2018: Journal of Infection Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30013623/post-exposure-prophylaxis-following-occupational-exposure-to-hiv-and-hepatitis-b-an-analysis-of-a-12-year-record-in-a-nigerian-tertiary-hospital
#5
Salisu Abubakar, Garba Iliyasu, Farouq Muhammad Dayyab, Salisu Inuwa, Rabiu Alhassan Tudun Wada, Nasiru Magaji Sadiq, Muktar Ahmed Gadanya, Abdulrahman Abba Sheshe, Mohammad Sani Mijinyawa, Abdulrazaq Garba Habib
Background: Healthcare workers (HCWs) have an increased risk of occupational exposure to blood-borne pathogens. Aims/objectives: We aim to examine the utilisation and outcome of post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP) for both HIV and hepatitis B (HBV) among HCWs. Methods: This was a retrospective study conducted in a tertiary hospital in North-Western Nigeria. We reviewed data on HIV or HBV PEP given to HCWs between 2004 and 2016. Results: A total of 115 HCWs presented for PEP during the study period...
July 2018: Journal of Infection Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30013622/surgical-site-infection-after-trans-urethral-resection-of-the-prostate-turp-2008-2013-french-national-ssi-surveillance-iso-raisin
#6
Franck Bruyère, Marion Perennec-Olivie, Juliette Tanguy, Martine Aupee, Pascal Astagneau, Pascal Jarno, Sandra Malavaud
Objective: To describe surgical site infection (SSI) after transurethral resection of prostate (TURP) from the French national database. Methods: A national SSI surveillance system was implemented in 1999. Each year, the network included urology departments that included at least two months plus one month follow-up, or at least 100 consecutive targeted surgical procedures. A dataset of patients who underwent urology procedures during the six-year period 2008-2013 was made available...
July 2018: Journal of Infection Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30013621/impact-of-the-international-nosocomial-infection-control-consortium-inicc-multidimensional-approach-on-rates-of-ventilator-associated-pneumonia-in-intensive-care-units-of-two-hospitals-in-kuwait
#7
Haifaa Hassan Al-Mousa, Abeer Aly Omar, Víctor Daniel Rosenthal, Mona Foda Salama, Nasser Yehia Aly, Mohammad El-Dossoky Noweir, Flavie Maria Rebello, Dennis Malungcot Narciso, Amani Fouad Sayed, Anu Kurian, Sneha Mary George, Amna Mostafa Mohamed, Ruby Jose Ramapurath, Suga Thomas Varghese, Pablo Wenceslao Orellano
Objective: To analyse the impact of the International Nosocomial Infection Control Consortium (INICC) multidimensional approach (IMA) on ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) rates in three intensive care units (ICUs) from two hospitals in Kuwait City from January 2014 to March 2015. Design: A prospective, before-after study on 2507 adult ICU patients. During baseline, we performed outcome surveillance of VAP applying CDC/NHSN definitions. During intervention, we implemented the IMA through the INICC Surveillance Online System (ISOS), which included: (1) a bundle of infection prevention interventions; (2) education; (3) outcome surveillance; and (4) feedback on VAP rates and consequences...
July 2018: Journal of Infection Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30013620/establishing-catheter-related-bloodstream-infection-surveillance-to-drive-improvement
#8
Carole Hallam, Tim Jackson, Anu Rajgopal, Belinda Russell
Background: Catheter-related blood stream infections (CRBSI) are an important complication of central venous access devices but are often poorly measured. This article describes the journey of one hospital trust to set up a surveillance process for CRBSI across all specialties of the trust and to reduce CRBSI. Method: Using a locally adapted CRBSI criteria and root cause analysis (RCA) for investigation we identified a number of opportunities for a quality improvement programme...
July 2018: Journal of Infection Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30013619/using-surveillance-to-change-practice
#9
EDITORIAL
Jennie Wilson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2018: Journal of Infection Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29796100/diary
#10
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Journal of Infection Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29796099/screening-and-diagnosis-of-zika-in-the-emergency-department
#11
Beuy Joob, Viroj Wiwanitkit
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Journal of Infection Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29796098/outbreak-column-21-tuberculosis-tb-still-a-nosocomial-threat
#12
Evonne T Curran
This outbreak column explores the epidemiology and infection prevention guidance on tuberculosis (TB) in the UK. The column finds that, at present, national guidance leaves UK hospitals ill-prepared to prevent nosocomial TB transmission. Reasons for this conclusion are as follows: (1) while TB is predominantly a disease that affects people with 'social ills', it has the potential to infect anyone who is sufficiently exposed; (2) nosocomial transmission is documented throughout history; (3) future nosocomial exposures may involve less treatable disease; and (4) current UK guidance is insufficient to prevent nosocomial transmission and is less than that advocated by the World Health Organization and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention...
May 2018: Journal of Infection Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29796097/recipes-for-simulated-vomitus
#13
Yu-Min Su, Rachael M Jones
We developed and demonstrated the stability of recipes for simulated vomitus for use in experiments characterizing occupational exposures to body fluid during simulated healthcare activities. The recipes can be easily adapted to make other simulated bodily fluids at low costs and surrogates added to facilitate detection.
May 2018: Journal of Infection Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29796096/impact-of-clostridium-difficile-toxin-gene-pcr-result-on-decisions-to-de-isolate-patients-do-the-ends-justify-the-means
#14
Kirsti A Morris, Kerrie Davies, Mark H Wilcox
We aimed to determine how often Clostridium difficile toxin gene PCR assay (CDPCR)-negative patients were appropriately removed from single room contact isolation. Hospital databases were used to collect information on glutamate dehydrogenase (GDH)-positive, toxin-negative inpatients (February-April 2015). Of 60 CDPCR-negative patients, only two (3%) were removed from single room isolation. At least 36% of 53 CDPCR-positive results did not influence bed management. In conclusion, identification of C. difficile toxigenic status did not impact significantly on decisions whether to continue single room isolation...
May 2018: Journal of Infection Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29796095/infection-prevention-and-control-who-is-the-judge-you-or-the-guidelines
#15
Stephane L Bouchoucha, Kathleen A Moore
Objectives: The aim of this study was to explore the attitudes and behaviours of registered nurses and their colleagues around the adoption of standard precautions in order to determine strategies to promote adherence. Design: A qualitative exploratory descriptive design used interviews and focus group to collect data. Setting: Registered nurses and registered midwifes from a tertiary metropolitan hospital took part in the study. Participants: A voluntary sample of 29 adults was recruited from the Australian nursing (n = 25) and midwifery (n = 4) workforce...
May 2018: Journal of Infection Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29796094/point-prevalence-survey-of-indwelling-urinary-catheter-use-and-appropriateness-in-patients-living-at-home-and-receiving-a-community-nursing-service-in-ireland
#16
Liz Forde, Fiona Barry
Background: Indwelling urinary catheters (IUC) are reported as the most common indwelling device in hospitals and residential/care home settings. Aim: The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence and appropriateness of IUCs in people living at home and receiving a community nursing service. Methods: An IUC self-report questionnaire was sent to 66 community nurses in one community care area. A second questionnaire was completed by the researcher on each patient (n = 80) identified by the community nurses...
May 2018: Journal of Infection Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29796093/hand-hygiene-compliance-monitoring-in-anaesthetics-feasibility-and-validity
#17
A Jeanes, J Dick, P Coen, N Drey, D J Gould
Background: Hand hygiene compliance scores in the anaesthetic department of an acute NHS hospital were persistently low. Aims: To determine the feasibility and validity of regular accurate measurement of HHC in anaesthetics and understand the context of care delivery, barriers and opportunities to improve compliance. Methods: The hand hygiene compliance of one anaesthetist was observed and noted by a senior infection control practitioner (ICP)...
May 2018: Journal of Infection Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29796092/interventions-to-improve-hand-hygiene-compliance-in-patient-care-reflections-on-three-systematic-reviews-for-the-cochrane-collaboration-2007-2017
#18
REVIEW
Dinah Gould, Donna Moralejo, Nicholas Drey, Jane Chudleigh, Monica Taljaard
This article presents highlights from a recently updated systematic Cochrane review evaluating the effectiveness of interventions to improve hand hygiene compliance in patient care. It is an advance on the two earlier reviews we undertook on the same topic as it has, for the first time, provided very rigorous synthesis of evidence that such interventions can improve practice. In this article, we provide highlights from a recently updated Cochrane systematic review. We identify omissions in the information reported and point out important aspects of hand hygiene intervention studies that were beyond the scope of the review...
May 2018: Journal of Infection Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29796091/preventing-sepsis-in-health-care-it-s-in-your-hands-a-world-health-organization-call-to-action
#19
EDITORIAL
Claire Kilpatrick, Hiroki Saito, Benedetta Allegranzi, Didier Pittet
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Journal of Infection Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29552103/diary
#20
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Journal of Infection Prevention
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