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Journal of Infection Prevention

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30159047/diary
#1
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2018: Journal of Infection Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30159046/journal-watch
#2
Neil Wigglesworth, Deborah Xuereb
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2018: Journal of Infection Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30159045/-clostridium-difficile-infection-investigation-and-multidisciplinary-team-root-cause-analysis
#3
Susan Dawson, Hilary Munube
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2018: Journal of Infection Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30159044/outbreak-column-22-how-to-manage-an-outbreak
#4
Evonne T Curran
This outbreak column uses the Health Protection Scotland (HPS) Outbreak Process and Algorithm to examine and reflect on a published outbreak report. The report involved an extensively drug-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii in an oncology unit. High-reliability theory is then used to reflect on how the outbreak was managed and consider how best to improve local outbreak prevention, preparedness, detection and management. The conclusion of this exercise is that if the possibility of an era of untreatable infections caused by antibiotic-resistant organisms is to be significantly postponed, Infection Prevention and Control Teams must improve their ability to get others to prevent cross-transmission in the absence of recognised risks...
September 2018: Journal of Infection Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30159043/hospital-infections-in-birmingham-england-in-the-19-th-and-20-th-centuries
#5
Christina R Bradley, Gaj Ayliffe
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2018: Journal of Infection Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30159042/screening-for-middle-east-respiratory-syndrome-coronavirus-among-febrile-indonesian-hajj-pilgrims-a-study-on-28-197-returning-pilgrims
#6
M Amin, A Bakhtiar, M Subarjo, E B Aksono, P Widiyanti, K Shimizu, Y Mori
There were 211,000 Indonesian Hajj pilgrims going to Mecca through 11 main airports in 2015 who were at risk of contracting the Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV). We aimed to find out whether there was any occurrence of MERS-CoV by performing screening on 28,197 returning pilgrims. Those with a body temperature of > 38 °C and respiratory symptoms were sent to the airport clinic to have an oropharyngeal swab and a bacterial culture. Fifteen pilgrims had fever (> 38 °C) accompanied by respiratory symptoms; of these, 12 patients were diagnosed with upper and lower respiratory tract infections and three patients with pneumonia...
September 2018: Journal of Infection Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30159041/vessel-health-and-preservation-framework-use-of-the-outcome-logic-model-for-evaluation
#7
Emma Burnett, Carole Hallam, Evonne T Curran, Valya Weston
Background: Vascular access is an important part of many patient care management plans, but has unwanted risks. A working group led by the Infection Prevention Society (IPS) produced a Vessel Health and Preservation (VHP) Framework. Based on current evidence, a framework was developed for frontline staff to assess and select the best vascular access device to meet the individual patient's needs and to preserve veins for future use. Methods: Using the Outcome Logic Model, we conducted an evaluation of the short- and medium-term outcomes with regards to the impact and success of the VHP Framework...
September 2018: Journal of Infection Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30159040/the-intentions-of-israeli-nurses-attending-university-programs-to-receive-seasonal-influenza-vaccination
#8
Olga Lipovetski, Vered Delbar, Eileen Bar-Yosef, Klaris Riesenberg, Lisa Saidel-Odes, Ilana Livshiz-Riven
Background: Seasonal influenza vaccination (SIV) among medical personnel is a key factor in preventive medicine and patient safety. Objective: To identify social-cognitive predictors of Israeli Registered Nurses' (RNs) intentions to receive SIV utilizing the Theory of Planned Behaviour (TPB) model, and to assess its predictive validity. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted. A structured, self-reported, anonymous, 43-item questionnaire, based on an extended version of the TPB, was administered to 80 nurses attending Master's or Bachelor in Nursing degrees curriculums...
September 2018: Journal of Infection Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30159039/infectious-illness-prevention-and-control-methods-and-their-effectiveness-in-non-health-workplaces-an-integrated-literature-review
#9
REVIEW
Stephanie Hansen, Peta-Anne Zimmerman, Thea F van de Mortel
Background: Infectious illness in the workplace places a substantial cost burden on employers due to productivity losses from employee absenteeism and presenteeism. Aim: Given the clear impacts of infectious illness on workplaces, this review aimed to investigate the international literature on the effectiveness and cost-benefit of the strategies non-healthcare workplaces use to prevent and control infectious illnesses in these workplaces. Methods: MEDLINE, CINAHL Plus with Fulltext and Business Source Complete were searched concurrently using EBSCO Host 1995-2016...
September 2018: Journal of Infection Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30159038/applying-pareto-analysis-to-reducing-escherichia-coli-bloodstream-infections
#10
EDITORIAL
Jennie Wilson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2018: Journal of Infection Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30013627/diary
#11
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2018: Journal of Infection Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30013626/candida-autovaccination-a-new-strategy-to-prevent-antifungal-resistance
#12
Gianmarco Troiano, Isabella Mercurio, Nicola Nante, Massimo Lancia, Mauro Bacci
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2018: Journal of Infection Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30013625/antimicrobial-resistance-a-biopsychosocial-problem-requiring-innovative-interdisciplinary-and-imaginative-interventions
#13
Paul Flowers
To date, antimicrobials have been understood through largely biomedical perspectives. There has been a tendency to focus upon the effectiveness of pharmaceuticals within individual bodies. However, the growing threat of antimicrobial resistance demands we reconsider how we think about antimicrobials and their effects. Rather than understanding them primarily within bodies, it is increasingly important to consider their effects between bodies, between species and across environments. We need to reduce the drivers of antimicrobial resistance (AMR) at a global level, focusing on the connections between prescribing in one country and resistance mechanisms in another...
July 2018: Journal of Infection Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30013624/impact-of-an-antimicrobial-stewardship-program-on-healthcare-associated-clostridium-difficile-rates-at-a-community-based-teaching-hospital
#14
Matthew A Moffa, Thomas L Walsh, Amy Tang, Derek N Bremmer
We conducted a pre-intervention/post-intervention study to assess the rate of healthcare-associated Clostridium difficile infections (HA-CDI) before and after the implementation of an antimicrobial stewardship program (ASP). Upon implementation of our ASP, the usage of targeted antimicrobials, including ceftriaxone, clindamycin, fluoroquinolones and carbapenem antibiotics, were significantly reduced. There was also a significant reduction in HA-CDI/1000 patient-days following ASP implementation (0.84 vs. 0...
July 2018: Journal of Infection Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30013623/post-exposure-prophylaxis-following-occupational-exposure-to-hiv-and-hepatitis-b-an-analysis-of-a-12-year-record-in-a-nigerian-tertiary-hospital
#15
Salisu Abubakar, Garba Iliyasu, Farouq Muhammad Dayyab, Salisu Inuwa, Rabiu Alhassan Tudun Wada, Nasiru Magaji Sadiq, Muktar Ahmed Gadanya, Abdulrahman Abba Sheshe, Mohammad Sani Mijinyawa, Abdulrazaq Garba Habib
Background: Healthcare workers (HCWs) have an increased risk of occupational exposure to blood-borne pathogens. Aims/objectives: We aim to examine the utilisation and outcome of post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP) for both HIV and hepatitis B (HBV) among HCWs. Methods: This was a retrospective study conducted in a tertiary hospital in North-Western Nigeria. We reviewed data on HIV or HBV PEP given to HCWs between 2004 and 2016. Results: A total of 115 HCWs presented for PEP during the study period...
July 2018: Journal of Infection Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30013622/surgical-site-infection-after-trans-urethral-resection-of-the-prostate-turp-2008-2013-french-national-ssi-surveillance-iso-raisin
#16
Franck Bruyère, Marion Perennec-Olivie, Juliette Tanguy, Martine Aupee, Pascal Astagneau, Pascal Jarno, Sandra Malavaud
Objective: To describe surgical site infection (SSI) after transurethral resection of prostate (TURP) from the French national database. Methods: A national SSI surveillance system was implemented in 1999. Each year, the network included urology departments that included at least two months plus one month follow-up, or at least 100 consecutive targeted surgical procedures. A dataset of patients who underwent urology procedures during the six-year period 2008-2013 was made available...
July 2018: Journal of Infection Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30013621/impact-of-the-international-nosocomial-infection-control-consortium-inicc-multidimensional-approach-on-rates-of-ventilator-associated-pneumonia-in-intensive-care-units-of-two-hospitals-in-kuwait
#17
Haifaa Hassan Al-Mousa, Abeer Aly Omar, Víctor Daniel Rosenthal, Mona Foda Salama, Nasser Yehia Aly, Mohammad El-Dossoky Noweir, Flavie Maria Rebello, Dennis Malungcot Narciso, Amani Fouad Sayed, Anu Kurian, Sneha Mary George, Amna Mostafa Mohamed, Ruby Jose Ramapurath, Suga Thomas Varghese, Pablo Wenceslao Orellano
Objective: To analyse the impact of the International Nosocomial Infection Control Consortium (INICC) multidimensional approach (IMA) on ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) rates in three intensive care units (ICUs) from two hospitals in Kuwait City from January 2014 to March 2015. Design: A prospective, before-after study on 2507 adult ICU patients. During baseline, we performed outcome surveillance of VAP applying CDC/NHSN definitions. During intervention, we implemented the IMA through the INICC Surveillance Online System (ISOS), which included: (1) a bundle of infection prevention interventions; (2) education; (3) outcome surveillance; and (4) feedback on VAP rates and consequences...
July 2018: Journal of Infection Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30013620/establishing-catheter-related-bloodstream-infection-surveillance-to-drive-improvement
#18
Carole Hallam, Tim Jackson, Anu Rajgopal, Belinda Russell
Background: Catheter-related blood stream infections (CRBSI) are an important complication of central venous access devices but are often poorly measured. This article describes the journey of one hospital trust to set up a surveillance process for CRBSI across all specialties of the trust and to reduce CRBSI. Method: Using a locally adapted CRBSI criteria and root cause analysis (RCA) for investigation we identified a number of opportunities for a quality improvement programme...
July 2018: Journal of Infection Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30013619/using-surveillance-to-change-practice
#19
EDITORIAL
Jennie Wilson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2018: Journal of Infection Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29796100/diary
#20
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Journal of Infection Prevention
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