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Cell Adhesion & Migration

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28873015/periodontal-pathogens-promote-epithelial-mesenchymal-transition-in-oral-squamous-carcinoma-cells-in-vitro
#1
A A Abdulkareem, R M Shelton, G Landini, P R Cooper, M R Milward
Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is potentially involved in increasing metastasis of oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). Periodontal pathogens are well-known for their ability to induce intense immune responses and here we investigated whether they are involved in inducing EMT. Cultures of OSCC cell line (H400) were treated separately with heat-killed periodontal pathogens F. nucleatum, or P. gingivalis or E. coli LPS for 8 days. EMT-associated features were assayed using sq-PCR and PCR-arrays, for EMT-related markers, and ELISAs for TGF-β1, TNF-α, and EGF...
September 5, 2017: Cell Adhesion & Migration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820294/k-deficiency-caused-defects-in-renal-tubular-cell-proliferation-oxidative-stress-response-tissue-repair-and-tight-junction-integrity-but-enhanced-energy-production-proteasome-function-and-cellular-k-uptake
#2
Chompunoot Kapincharanon, Visith Thongboonkerd
Hypokalemia is a common electrolyte disorder in hospitalized patients and those with chronic diseases and is associated with renal tubular injury. Our recent expression proteomics study revealed changes in levels of several proteins in renal tubular cells during K(+) deficiency. However, functional significance and mechanisms underlying such changes remained unclear. The present study, thus, aimed to investigate functional changes of renal tubular cells induced by K(+) deficiency. MDCK cells were maintained in normal-K(+) (ANK; [K(+)] = 5...
August 18, 2017: Cell Adhesion & Migration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795878/effects-of-prisma%C3%A2-skin-dermal-regeneration-device-containing-glycosaminoglycans-on-human-keratinocytes-and-fibroblasts
#3
Raffaella Belvedere, Valentina Bizzarro, Luca Parente, Francesco Petrella, Antonello Petrella
Prisma® Skin is a new pharmaceutical device developed by Mediolanum Farmaceutici S.p.a. It includes alginates, hyaluronic acid and mainly mesoglycan. The latter is a natural glycosaminoglycan preparation containing chondroitin sulfate, dermatan sulfate, heparan sulfate and heparin and it is used in the treatment of vascular disease. Glycosaminoglycans may contribute to the re-epithelialization in the skin wound healing, as components of the extracellular matrix. Here we describe, for the first time, the effects of Prisma® Skin in in vitro cultures of adult epidermal keratinocytes and dermal fibroblasts...
August 10, 2017: Cell Adhesion & Migration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759306/skeletal-muscle-regeneration-involves-macrophage-myoblast-bonding
#4
Laura Cristina Ceafalan, Tudor Emanuel Fertig, Alexandru Cristian Popescu, Bogdan Ovidiu Popescu, Mihail Eugen Hinescu, Mihaela Gherghiceanu
Regeneration in adult skeletal muscle relies on the activation, proliferation, and fusion of myogenic precursor cells (MPC), mostly resident satellite cells (SC). However, the regulatory mechanism during this process is still under evaluation, with the final aim to manipulate regeneration when the intrinsic mechanism is corrupted. Furthermore, intercellular connections during skeletal muscle regeneration have not been previously thoroughly documented. Our hypothesis was that a direct and close cellular interaction between SC/MPC and invading myeloid cells is a key step to control regeneration...
July 31, 2017: Cell Adhesion & Migration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686514/substrate-rigidity-dependent-positive-feedback-regulation-between-yap-and-rock2
#5
Wataru Sugimoto, Katsuhiko Itoh, Yasumasa Mitsui, Takahiro Ebata, Hideaki Fujita, Hiroaki Hirata, Keiko Kawauchi
Extracellular matrix (ECM) stiffness influences gene expression, leading to modulation of various cellular functions. While ROCK2 regulates actomyosin activity as well as cell migration and proliferation, expression of ROCK2 is increased in response to stiffening ECM. However, the mechanism underlying rigidity-dependent ROCK2 expression remains elusive. Here, we show that YAP, a mechanically regulated transcription coactivator, upregulates ROCK2 expression in an ECM rigidity-dependent manner. YAP interacted with the ROCK2 promoter region in an actomyosin activity-dependent manner...
July 7, 2017: Cell Adhesion & Migration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678601/adhesion-structures-in-leukemia-cells-and-their-regulation-by-src-family-kinases
#6
Pavla Röselová, Adam Obr, Aleš Holoubek, Dana Grebeňová, Kateřina Kuželová
Interaction of leukemia blasts with the bone marrow extracellular matrix often results in protection of leukemia cells from chemotherapy and in persistence of the residual disease which is on the basis of subsequent relapses. The adhesion signaling pathways have been extensively studied in adherent cells as well as in mature hematopoietic cells, but the adhesion structures and signaling in hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells, either normal or malignant, are much less explored. We analyzed the interaction of leukemia cells with fibronectin (FN) using interference reflection microscopy, immunofluorescence, measurement of adherent cell fraction, real-time microimpedance measurement and live cell imaging...
July 5, 2017: Cell Adhesion & Migration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678595/the-unc-53-gene-negatively-regulates-rac-gtpases-to-inhibit-unc-5-activity-during-distal-tip-cell-migrations-in-c-elegans
#7
Amita Pandey, Vipul Yadav, Aditi Sharma, Jitendra P Khurana, Girdhar K Pandey
The unc-53/NAV2 gene encodes for an adaptor protein required for cell migrations along the anteroposterior (AP) axes of C. elegans. This study identifies unc-53 as a novel component of signaling pathways regulating distal tip cell (DTC) migrations along the AP and dorsoventral (DV) axes. unc-53 negatively regulates and functions downstream of ced-10/Rac pathway genes; ced-10/Rac and mig-2/RhoG, which are required for proper DTC migration. Moreover, unc-53 exhibits genetic interaction with abl-1 and unc-5, the two known negative regulators of ced-10/Rac signaling...
July 5, 2017: Cell Adhesion & Migration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27736296/stem-cells-migration-during-skeletal-muscle-regeneration-the-role-of-sdf-1-cxcr4-and-sdf-1-cxcr7-axis
#8
Kamil Kowalski, Aleksandra Kołodziejczyk, Maria Sikorska, Jagoda Płaczkiewicz, Paulina Cichosz, Magdalena Kowalewska, Władysława Stremińska, Katarzyna Jańczyk-Ilach, Marta Koblowska, Anna Fogtman, Roksana Iwanicka-Nowicka, Maria A Ciemerych, Edyta Brzoska
The skeletal muscle regeneration occurs due to the presence of tissue specific stem cells - satellite cells. These cells, localized between sarcolemma and basal lamina, are bound to muscle fibers and remain quiescent until their activation upon muscle injury. Due to pathological conditions, such as extensive injury or dystrophy, skeletal muscle regeneration is diminished. Among the therapies aiming to ameliorate skeletal muscle diseases are transplantations of the stem cells. In our previous studies we showed that Sdf-1 (stromal derived factor -1) increased migration of stem cells and their fusion with myoblasts in vitro...
July 4, 2017: Cell Adhesion & Migration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27715399/proteolytic-fragments-of-fibronectin-function-as-matrikines-driving-the-chemotactic-affinity-of-prostate-cancer-cells-to-human-bone-marrow-mesenchymal-stromal-cells-via-the-%C3%AE-5%C3%AE-1-integrin
#9
Raghav Joshi, Edi Goihberg, Wenying Ren, Monika Pilichowska, Paul Mathew
The haematopoietic niche is contributed to by bone marrow-resident mesenchymal stromal cells (BM-MSCs) and subverted by prostate cancer cells. To study mechanisms by which BM-MSCs and prostate cancer cells may interact, we assessed the migration, invasion, adhesion and proliferation of bone-derived prostate cancer cells (PC-3) in co-culture with pluripotent human BM-MSCs. We observed a strong adhesive, migratory and invasive phenotype of PC-3 cells with BM- MSC-co-culture and set out to isolate and characterize the bioactive principle...
July 4, 2017: Cell Adhesion & Migration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27669405/aberrant-adhesion-impacts-early-development-in-a-dictyostelium-model-for-juvenile-neuronal-ceroid-lipofuscinosis
#10
Robert J Huber, Michael A Myre, Susan L Cotman
Neuronal ceroid lipofuscinosis (NCL), also known as Batten disease, refers to a group of severe neurodegenerative disorders that primarily affect children. The most common subtype of the disease is caused by loss-of-function mutations in CLN3, which is conserved across model species from yeast to human. The precise function of the CLN3 protein is not known, which has made targeted therapy development challenging. In the social amoeba Dictyostelium discoideum, loss of Cln3 causes aberrant mid-to-late stage multicellular development...
July 4, 2017: Cell Adhesion & Migration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27627890/hypobaric-hypoxia-down-regulated-junctional-protein-complex-implications-to-vascular-leakage
#11
Dangjai Souvannakitti, Paleerath Peerapen, Visith Thongboonkerd
Acute mountain sickness (AMS) can cause capillary hyper-permeability and vasogenic edema. However, its underlying mechanisms remained unclear and there is no previous in vitro study on AMS. We therefore conducted an in vitro study and examined whether continuous hypobaric hypoxia (CHH) could alter expression of junctional protein complex of vascular endothelial cells, causing hyper-permeabilization. EA.hy926 human endothelial cells were exposed to either CHH or normoxia for up to 24 h. Flow cytometry using annexin V/propidium iodide co-staining demonstrated that cell death had no significant difference at 12-h, but was increased by CHH at 24-h...
July 4, 2017: Cell Adhesion & Migration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27588930/involvement-of-rho-gap-graf1-in-maintenance-of-epithelial-phenotype
#12
Miriam Regev, Helena Sabanay, Elena Kartvelishvily, Zvi Kam, Alexander D Bershadsky
Adhesion of epithelial cell to each other and to extracellular matrix, as well as cell migration ability and cytoskeleton organization undergo significant alterations in the course of neoplastic transformation, but regulatory mechanisms involved in these processes are not fully understood. Here, we studied the role of a Rho GAP protein GRAF1 (GTPase Regulator Associated with Focal adhesion kinase-1) in the regulation of the epithelial phenotype in cells of breast derived, non-malignant, MCF10A cell line. GRAF1 was shown to be localized to cell-cell junctions, and its depletion resulted in accelerated cell migration velocity, elongation of the cells and cell colonies, impaired monolayer integrity and significant disruption of desmosomes with a loss of associated keratin filaments...
July 4, 2017: Cell Adhesion & Migration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27588738/fibronectin-induces-macrophage-migration-through-a-sfk-fak-csf-1r-pathway
#13
Graziana Digiacomo, Ignazia Tusa, Marina Bacci, Maria Grazia Cipolleschi, Persio Dello Sbarba, Elisabetta Rovida
Integrins, following binding to proteins of the extracellular matrix (ECM) including collagen, laminin and fibronectin (FN), are able to transduce molecular signals inside the cells and to regulate several biological functions such as migration, proliferation and differentiation. Besides activation of adaptor molecules and kinases, integrins transactivate Receptor Tyrosine Kinases (RTK). In particular, adhesion to the ECM may promote RTK activation in the absence of growth factors. The Colony-Stimulating Factor-1 Receptor (CSF-1R) is a RTK that supports the survival, proliferation, and motility of monocytes/macrophages, which are essential components of innate immunity and cancer development...
July 4, 2017: Cell Adhesion & Migration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27541056/apkc%C3%AE-affects-directed-cell-migration-through-the-regulation-of-myosin-light-chain-phosphorylation
#14
Daria Petrov, Inbal Dahan, Einav Cohen-Kfir, Shoshana Ravid
Cell motility is an essential cellular process for a variety of biological events. It requires cross-talk between the signaling and the cytoskeletal systems. Despite the recognized importance of aPKCζ for cell motility, there is little understanding of the mechanism by which aPKCζ mediates extracellular signals to the cytoskeleton. In the present study, we report that aPKCζ is required for the cellular organization of acto-non-muscle myosin II (NMII) cytoskeleton, for proper cell adhesion and directed cell migration...
July 4, 2017: Cell Adhesion & Migration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27532429/estrogen-related-receptor-%C3%AE-participates-transforming-growth-factor-%C3%AE-tgf-%C3%AE-induced-epithelial-mesenchymal-transition-of-osteosarcoma-cells
#15
Yantao Chen, Kunshui Zhang, Yang Li, Qing He
Osteosarcoma patients often exhibit pulmonary metastasis, which results in high patient mortality. Understanding the mechanisms of advanced metastasis in osteosarcoma cell is important for the targeted treatment and drug development. Our present study revealed that transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) treatment can significantly promote the in vitro migration and invasion of human osteosarcoma MG-63 and HOS cells. The loss of epithelial characteristics E-cadherin (E-Cad) and up regulation of mesenchymal markers Vimentin (Vim) suggested TGF-β induced epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) of osteosarcoma cells...
July 4, 2017: Cell Adhesion & Migration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27463962/role-of-lrp-1-in-cancer-cell-migration-in-3-dimensional-collagen-matrix
#16
Aline Appert-Collin, Amar Bennasroune, Pierre Jeannesson, Christine Terryn, Guy Fuhrmann, Hamid Morjani, Stéphane Dedieu
The low-density lipoprotein receptor-related protein-1 (LRP-1) is a member of Low Density Lipoprotein Receptor (LDLR) family, which is ubiquitously expressed and which is described as a multifunctional endocytic receptor which mediates the clearance of various extracellular matrix molecules including serine proteinases, proteinase-inhibitor complexes, and matricellular proteins. Several studies showed that high LRP-1 expression promotes breast cancer cell invasiveness, and LRP-1 invalidation leads to cell motility abrogation in both tumor and non-tumor cells...
July 4, 2017: Cell Adhesion & Migration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640659/phlda1-pleckstrin-homology-like-domain-family-a-member-1-knockdown-promotes-migration-and-invasion-of-mcf10a-breast-epithelial-cells
#17
Naieli Bonatto, Maria José Carlini, Simone Aparecida de Bessa Garcia, Maria Aparecida Nagai
PHLDA1 (pleckstrin homology-like domain, family A, member 1) is a multifunctional protein that plays distinct roles in several biological processes including cell death and therefore its altered expression has been identified in different types of cancer. Progressively loss of PHLDA1 was found in primary and metastatic melanoma while its overexpression was reported in intestinal and pancreatic tumors. Previous work from our group showed that negative expression of PHLDA1 protein was a strong predictor of poor prognosis for breast cancer disease...
June 22, 2017: Cell Adhesion & Migration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636424/fluid-shear-stress-regulates-hepg2-cell-migration-though-time-dependent-integrin-signaling-cascade
#18
Hongchi Yu, Yang Shen, Jingsi Jin, Yingying Zhang, Tang Feng, Xiaoheng Liu
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a subtype of malignant liver cancer with poor prognosis and limited treatment options. It is noteworthy that mechanical forces in tumor microenvironment play a pivotal role in mediating the behaviors and functions of tumor cells. As an instrumental type of mechanical forces in vivo, fluid shear stress (FSS) has been reported having potent physiologic and pathologic effects on cancer progression. However, the time-dependent mechanochemical transduction in HCC induced by FSS remains unclear...
June 21, 2017: Cell Adhesion & Migration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562165/her-2-epstein-barr-virus-crosstalk-in-human-gastric-carcinogenesis-a-novel-concept-of-oncogene-oncovirus-interaction
#19
Farhan S Cyprian, Noor Al-Antary, Ala-Eddin Al Moustafa
Gastric cancer is the fourth most common cancer and the second leading cause of cancer deaths worldwide. Additionally, it is well-known that metastatic cancer disease is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in cancer patients. Several investigations reported that HER-2 (ErbB-2 receptor) and Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) are important etiological factors in human gastric cancer, where either oncogene/oncovirus alone can derive a major event of cancer progression and metastasis via epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT)...
May 31, 2017: Cell Adhesion & Migration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524745/actin-cytoskeleton-regulates-functional-anchorage-migration-switch-during-t-cadherin-induced-phenotype-modulation-of-vascular-smooth-muscle-cells
#20
Agne Frismantiene, Emmanouil Kyriakakis, Boris Dasen, Paul Erne, Therese J Resink, Maria Philippova
Vascular smooth muscle cell (SMC) switching between differentiated and dedifferentiated phenotypes is reversible and accompanied by morphological and functional alterations that require reconfiguration of cell-cell and cell-matrix adhesion networks. Studies attempting to explore changes in overall composition of the adhesion nexus during SMC phenotype transition are lacking. We have previously demonstrated that T-cadherin knockdown enforces SMC differentiation, whereas T-cadherin upregulation promotes SMC dedifferentiation...
May 19, 2017: Cell Adhesion & Migration
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