journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

International Journal of Emergency Medicine

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224348/a-need-to-reconsider-guidelines-on-management-of-primary-spontaneous-pneumothorax
#1
Jiyoon Yoon, Parthipan Sivakumar, Kevin O'Kane, Liju Ahmed
BACKGROUND: The key guidelines in the management of primary spontaneous pneumothorax (PSP) include the 2010 British Thoracic Society (BTS) Pleural Disease guideline and 2001 American College of Chest Physicians (ACCP) Consensus Statement. Current recommendations are dependent on radiographic measures which differ between these two guidelines. The aim of this study is to compare size classification of PSP cases, according to BTS and ACCP guidelines, and to evaluate guideline compliance...
December 2017: International Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224347/emergency-medical-service-systems-in-sri-lanka-problems-of-the-past-challenges-of-the-future
#2
Kelum Wimalaratne, Jeong Il Lee, Kang Hyun Lee, Hee Young Lee, Jung Hun Lee, In Hye Kang
INTRODUCTION: The concept of emergency medical services (EMS) is new to Sri Lanka. This article describes the development, delivery, and future ideas for EMS in Sri Lanka. Sri Lanka also faces frequent natural hazards that justify the establishment of an EMS service. METHODOLOGY: Data and information regarding emergency medical care in Sri Lanka were collected and reviewed from resources including websites and research papers. RESULTS: Currently, there are no qualified emergency medical physicians in Sri Lanka...
December 2017: International Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224346/dedication-increases-productivity-an-analysis-of-the-implementation-of-a-dedicated-medical-team-in-the-emergency-department
#3
Pedro Ramos, José Artur Paiva
BACKGROUND: In several European countries, emergency departments (EDs) now employ a dedicated team of full-time emergency medicine (EM) physicians, with a distinct leadership and bed-side emergency training, in all similar to other hospital departments. In Portugal, however, there are still two very different models for staffing EDs: a classic model, where EDs are mostly staffed with young inexperienced physicians from different medical departments who take turns in the ED in 12-h shifts and a dedicated model, recently implemented in some hospitals, where the ED is staffed by a team of doctors with specific medical competencies in emergency medicine that work full-time in the ED...
December 2017: International Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220347/stercoral-colitis-mimicking-appendicitis
#4
Abdelghafour Elkoundi, Mustapha Bensghir, Charki Haimeur
BACKGROUND: Stercoral colitis is an inflammatory process involving the colonic wall related to fecal impaction. This rare condition is associated with high morbidity-mortality. FINDINGS: We report a case of a 78-year-old woman with a history of dementia under clozapine who presented a clinical and sonographic presentation of acute appendicitis. The worsening of her clinical condition prompted us to review our diagnosis and modify our approach using the CT scan which was consistent with stercoral colitis...
December 2017: International Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160170/implementation-strategies-for-procedural-sedation-and-analgesia-in-the-emergency-department
#5
LETTER
Maybritt I Kuypers, Frans B Plötz, Francis Mencl
Implementing procedural sedation and analgesia in the emergency department is still is a challenge on an international scale. Here, we describe the Dutch setting of emergency medicine and explain the strategies that were successful for the implementation of safe and effective procedural sedation and analgesia by emergency physicians. We describe strategies on how to bridge the gap of knowledge and skills and how to deal with a resistance to change.
December 2017: International Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155184/blood-product-transfusion-in-emergency-department-patients-a-case-control-study-of-practice-patterns-and-impact-on-outcome
#6
Alexander Beyer, Ryan Rees, Christopher Palmer, Brian T Wessman, Brian M Fuller
BACKGROUND: Blood product transfusion occurs in a significant percentage of intensive care unit (ICU) patients. Pulmonary complications, such as acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), occurring in the setting of transfusion, are associated with increased morbidity and mortality. Contrary to the ICU setting, there is little evidence describing the epidemiology of transfusion in the emergency department (ED) or its potential impact on outcome. The objectives of this study were to: (1) characterize transfusion practices in the ED with respect to patient characteristics and pre-transfusion laboratory values; and (2) investigate the effect of ED blood product transfusion on the incidence of pulmonary complications after admission...
December 2017: International Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127711/how-to-manage-tension-gastrothorax-a-case-report-of-tension-gastrothorax-with-multiple-trauma-due-to-traumatic-diaphragmatic-rupture
#7
Naofumi Bunya, Keigo Sawamoto, Shuji Uemura, Takashi Toyohara, Yukino Mori, Ryoko Kyan, Kei Miyata, Hideto Irifune, Keisuke Harada, Eichi Narimatsu
BACKGROUND: Tension gastrothorax is a kind of obstructive shock with prolapse and distention of the stomach into the thoracic cavity. Progressive gastric distension leads to mediastinal shift, reduced venous return, decreased cardiac output, and ultimately cardiac arrest. Therefore, it is crucial to decompress the stomach distension for the initial resuscitation of tension gastrothorax. CASE PRESENTATION: A 75-year-old female was transported to our resuscitation bay due to motor vehicle crash...
December 2017: International Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28124201/hyperkalemia-masked-by-pseudo-stemi-infarct-pattern-and-cardiac-arrest
#8
Shareez Peerbhai, Luke Masha, Adrian DaSilva-DeAbreu, Abhijeet Dhoble
BACKGROUND: Hyperkalemia is a common electrolyte abnormality and has well-recognized early electrocardiographic manifestations including PR prolongation and symmetric T wave peaking. With severe increase in serum potassium, dysrhythmias and atrioventricular and bundle branch blocks can be seen on electrocardiogram. Although cardiac arrest is a worrisome consequence of untreated hyperkalemia, rarely does hyperkalemia electrocardiographically manifest as acute ischemia. CASE PRESENTATION: We present a case of acute renal failure complicated by malignant hyperkalemia and eventual ventricular fibrillation cardiac arrest...
December 2017: International Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28124200/operational-demands-on-pre-hospital-emergency-care-for-burn-injuries-in-a-middle-income-setting-a-study-in-the-western-cape-south-africa
#9
Rachel L Allgaier, Lucie Laflamme, Lee A Wallis
BACKGROUND: Burns occur disproportionately within low-socioeconomic populations. The Western Cape Province of South Africa represents a middle-income setting with a high rate of burns, few specialists and few burn centres, yet a well-developed pre-hospital system. This paper describes the burn cases from a viewpoint of operational factors important to pre-hospital emergency medical services. METHODS: A retrospective, cross-sectional study of administrative and patient records was conducted...
December 2017: International Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28124199/the-effectiveness-of-rapid-sequence-intubation-rsi-versus-non-rsi-in-emergency-department-an-analysis-of-multicenter-prospective-observational-study
#10
Masashi Okubo, Koichiro Gibo, Yusuke Hagiwara, Yukiko Nakayama, Kohei Hasegawa
BACKGROUND: Although rapid sequence intubation (RSI) is the method of choice in emergency department (ED) airway management, data to support the use of RSI remain scarce. We sought to compare the effectiveness of airway management between RSI and non-RSI (intubation with sedative agents only or without medications) in the ED. METHODS: Secondary analysis of the data from a multicenter prospective observational registry at 13 Japanese EDs. All non-cardiac-arrest patients who underwent intubation with RSI or non-RSI were included for the analysis...
December 2017: International Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032307/intravenous-enalaprilat-for-treatment-of-acute-hypertensive-heart-failure-in-the-emergency-department
#11
Syed Imran Ayaz, Craig M Sharkey, Gregory M Kwiatkowski, Suprat Saely Wilson, Reba S John, Rosa Tolomello, Arushi Mahajan, Scott Millis, Phillip D Levy
BACKGROUND: Afterload reduction with bolus enalaprilat is used by some for management of acute hypertensive heart failure (HF) but existing data on the safety and effectiveness of this practice are limited. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical effects of bolus enalaprilat when administered to patients with acute hypertensive heart failure. FINDINGS: We performed an IRB-approved retrospective cohort study of patients who presented to the emergency department of a large urban academic hospital...
December 2016: International Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27757807/funding-global-emergency-medicine-research-from-seed-grants-to-nih-support
#12
Bhakti Hansoti, Adam Levine, Latha Ganti, Rockefeller Oteng, Taylor DesRosiers, Payal Modi, Jeremy Brown
BACKGROUND: Funding for global health has grown significantly over the past two decades. Numerous funding opportunities for international development and research work exist; however, they can be difficult to navigate. The 2013 Academic Emergency Medicine consensus conference on global health and emergency care identified the need to strengthen global emergency care research funding, solidify existing funding streams, and expand funding sources. RESULTS: This piece focuses on the various federal funding opportunities available to support emergency physicians conducting international research from seed funding to large institutional grants...
December 2016: International Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27718129/the-readiness-of-emergency-and-trauma-care-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-cross-sectional-descriptive-study-of-42-public-hospitals-in-albania
#13
Rifat Latifi, Jayleen K L Gunn, John A Stroster, Edmond Zaimi, Fatos Olldashi, Agron Dogjani, Mihal Kerci, Xheladin Draçini, Julian Kuçani, Zhaneta Shatri, Agim Kociraj, Arian Boci, Ross I Donaldson
BACKGROUND: Traumatic injuries have become a substantial but neglected epidemic in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), but emergency rooms (ERs) in these countries are often staffed with healthcare providers who have minimal emergency training and experience. The aim of this paper was to describe the specialized training, available interventions, and the patient management strategies in the ERs in Albanian public hospitals. METHODS: A cross-sectional descriptive study of 42 ERs in the Republic of Albania between September 5, 2014, and December 29, 2014 was performed...
December 2016: International Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27623956/creating-a-contemporary-clerkship-curriculum-the-flipped-classroom-model-in-emergency-medicine
#14
Edward K Lew
BACKGROUND: The teaching modality of "flipping the classroom" has garnered recent attention in medical education. In this model, the lecture and homework components are reversed. The flipped classroom lends itself to more interaction in "class" and theoretically improved clinical decision-making. Data is lacking for this model for students in emergency medicine clerkships. We trialed the flipped classroom in our fourth-year student clerkship. Our aim was to learn student and faculty facilitator perceptions of the experience, as it has not been done previously in this setting...
December 2016: International Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27619925/antibiotic-prophylaxis-for-oral-lacerations-our-emergency-department-s-experience
#15
Suzanne Lilley Katsetos, Roxanne Nagurka, Jaclyn Caffrey, Steven E Keller, Tiffany Murano
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to examine the emergency physician (EP) practice of prescribing prophylactic antibiotics for patients with oral lacerations. A secondary outcome measure was the infection rate of those who were or were not prescribed antibiotics. METHODS: The study was a retrospective chart review of 323 patients who presented to a large urban emergency department (ED) between January 1, 2012 and December 31, 2012 with an oral laceration...
December 2016: International Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27460829/bifrontal-brain-abscesses-secondary-to-orbital-cellulitis-and-sinusitis-extension
#16
David Traficante, Alexander Riss, Steven Hochman
BACKGROUND: Intracranial abscesses are rare and life-threatening conditions that typically originate from direct extension from nearby structures, hematogenous dissemination or following penetrating cerebral trauma or neurosurgery. FINDINGS: A 36-year-old male presented to our emergency department with complaints of left eye swelling, headache and drowsiness. On physical exam, the patient was febrile and his left upper eyelid was markedly swollen with fluctuance and drainage...
December 2016: International Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27456667/a-rare-case-of-multiple-spinal-epidural-abscesses-and-cauda-equina-syndrome-presenting-to-the-emergency-department-following-acupuncture
#17
Jing Jing Chan, Jen Jen Oh
BACKGROUND: Acupuncture is a form of traditional Chinese medicine being increasingly used as complementary therapy in many countries. It is relatively safe and rarely associated with deep infections. CASE PRESENTATION: In this case report, we describe a middle-aged Chinese patient who presented acutely to our emergency department with cauda equina syndrome secondary to acupuncture-related epidural abscesses, which were treated with surgical decompression and intravenous antibiotics...
December 2016: International Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27431800/usefulness-of-hospital-emergency-department-records-to-explore-access-to-injury-care-in-nepal
#18
Santosh Bhatta, Puspa Raj Pant, Julie Mytton
BACKGROUND: Injuries are a major public health problem worldwide. Despite increasing morbidity and mortality from injuries in Nepal, it is not recognised in the government's policy and programmes and few population-based studies have been published. This study describes the usefulness of hospital emergency department records to explore access to injury care in Nepal. METHODS: A retrospective ED-based study was conducted at a governmental hospital in Nepal to review the routinely collected data for 1 year (1 January 2010 to 31 December 2010)...
December 2016: International Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27416937/emergency-medicine-in-nepal-present-practice-and-direction-for-future
#19
REVIEW
Nishant Raj Pandey
Emergency medicine is one of the youngest recognized specialties in Nepal, and its growth in clinical practice and academic development has been challenging. In this paper, we reviewed the current state of emergency medicine in Nepal based on review of the literature, personal observations and experience, and interviews with many Nepali and foreign emergency physicians. Most hospitals in Nepal have adopted a multi-specialist approach, where emergency room physicians are primarily general practitioners/family physicians or house officers...
December 2016: International Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27416936/knowledge-about-systemic-inflammatory-response-syndrome-and-sepsis-a-survey-among-dutch-emergency-department-nurses
#20
L C van den Hengel, T Visseren, P E Meima-Cramer, P P M Rood, S C E Schuit
BACKGROUND: Sepsis has a high mortality. Early recognition and timely treatment are essential for patient survival. The aim of this study is to examine the factors that influence the knowledge and recognition of systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) criteria and sepsis by emergency department (ED) nurses. METHODS: A prospective, multi-center study including 216 ED nurses from 11 hospitals and academic medical centers in The Netherlands was conducted in 2013...
December 2016: International Journal of Emergency Medicine
journal
journal
41920
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"