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Obesity Facts

Rebecca J Beeken, Sundus Mahdi, Fiona Johnson, Susanne F Meisel
OBJECTIVES: This study investigates whether health and appearance consequences predict intentions to prevent weight gain and whether these relationships differ in younger versus older adults and in men versus women. METHODS: UK adults aged 18-26 years (younger adults; n = 584) or >45 years (older adults; n = 107) participated in an online survey. Logistic regression assessed associations between intentions to avoid gaining weight and age, gender as well as perceived negative consequences of weight gain for health and appearance...
March 21, 2018: Obesity Facts
Pinar Karakaya, Bahar Ozdemir, Meral Mert, Yildiz Okuturlar
AIM: The sodium-sparing effect of insulin leads to increase in total sodium pool of the body which is a chronic stimulus for atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP). In our study we aimed to determine the relationship between ANP and microvascular complications of diabetes. METHODS: 60 patients, 30-70 years old, with the diagnosis of type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) are enrolled into the study. Patients with a chronic disease other than DM are excluded. Blood samples for routine biochemical tests are taken after at least 12 h fasting at 8-9 am...
February 14, 2018: Obesity Facts
Eliana V Carraça, Inês Santos, Jutta Mata, Pedro J Teixeira
OBJECTIVE: Systematically identifying pretreatment characteristics that predict successful weight management is important to improve intervention efficacy and clinical practice. This study provides a comprehensive update of a 2005 review on pretreatment predictors of successful weight management. METHODS: Results of 37 recent original studies from peer-reviewed journals were merged with the results from the 2005 review. A critical appraisal of the 66 studies included was provided, and meta-analyses were performed when feasible...
February 14, 2018: Obesity Facts
Eun Young Lee, Borami Kang, Yeoree Yang, Hae Kyung Yang, Hun-Sung Kim, Sun-Young Lim, Jin-Hee Lee, Seong-Su Lee, Byung-Kyu Suh, Kun-Ho Yoon
OBJECTIVE: To investigate behavioral factors that contribute to the development of obesity among overweight children. METHODS: Among a community sample of 884 children aged 9-13 years, 833 children completed a baseline and 1-year follow-up examination that included anthropometrics, physical fitness, and behavioral factors. RESULTS: During the follow-up period, BMI for most children with normal weight or obesity did not change. However, among overweight children (n = 100), about one-third developed obesity (n = 26), while the others were categorized as normal weight (n = 32) or overweight (n = 42) after 1 year...
February 7, 2018: Obesity Facts
Tiago Fernandes, Lilian Casaes, Úrsula Soci, Andre Silveira, João Gomes, Diego Barretti, Fernanda Roque, Edilamar Oliveira
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of aerobic exercise training (AET) on cardiac miRNA-16 levels and its target gene VEGF related to microvascular rarefaction in obese Zucker rats (OZR). METHODS: OZR (n = 11) and lean (L; n = 10) male rats were assigned into 4 groups: OZR, trained OZR (OZRT), L and trained L (LT). Swimming exercise training lasted 60 min, 1×/day/10 weeks, with 4% body weight workload. Cardiac angiogenesis was assessed by histological analysis (periodic acid-Schiff) by calculating the capillary/fiber ratio...
February 7, 2018: Obesity Facts
Gian Mauro Manzoni, Alessandro Rossi, Nicoletta Marazzi, Fiorenza Agosti, Alessandra De Col, Giada Pietrabissa, Gianluca Castelnuovo, Enrico Molinari, Allessandro Sartorio
OBJECTIVE: This study was aimed to examine the feasibility, validity, and reliability of the Italian Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory Multidimensional Fatigue Scale (PedsQL™ MFS) for adult inpatients with severe obesity. METHODS: 200 inpatients (81% females) with severe obesity (BMI ≥ 35 kg/m2) completed the PedsQL MFS (General Fatigue, Sleep/Rest Fatigue and Cognitive Fatigue domains), the Fatigue Severity Scale, and the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale immediately after admission to a 3-week residential body weight reduction program...
February 7, 2018: Obesity Facts
Hsin-Hui Shao, Lee-Ching Hwang, Jian-Pei Huang, Hsin-Yin Hsu
OBJECTIVE: Excess postpartum weight retention (PPWR) is related to long-term weight gain. Therefore, this study was conducted to identify the risk factors for PPWR to provide guidance for preventive strategies. METHODS: This cohort study surveyed 461 women who gave birth at a medical center between March 2014 and March 2016. The participants completed a questionnaire within 1 month of delivery, and their 6-month postpartum weight was tracked. RESULTS: The results showed that the mean pre-pregnancy BMI was 21...
February 7, 2018: Obesity Facts
Merthan Tunay, Hatice Kurdak, Sevgi Özcan, Çiğdem Özdemir, Zeliha Yelda Özer
OBJECTIVE: Lifestyle modification requires extensive information sharing and counseling. However, one-on-one primary care consultations are lacking to cover all necessary components due to time constraints. This preliminary study aims to investigate the feasibility and effects of lifestyle-changing intervention by family physician-led group visits (GVs) on weight management in overweight and obese women. METHODS: 60 volunteers fulfilling the inclusion criteria were enrolled...
February 7, 2018: Obesity Facts
Caroline Himbert, Henry Thompson, Cornelia M Ulrich
BACKGROUND: Altered levels of markers of oxidative stress, DNA repair, and telomere integrity have been detected in obese individuals and may underlie the pathogenesis of obesity-related diseases. However, whether or not such effects are reversed by intentional weight loss has not been systematically reviewed. METHODS: A literature search in PubMed/Medline identified 2,388 articles of which 21 studies (randomized controlled trial (RCT) (n = 10) and non-randomized intervention studies (n = 11)) were classified as testing the effects of intentional weight loss on i) oxidative stress (n = 15), ii) DNA repair (n = 2), and iii) telomere length (n = 4)...
December 14, 2017: Obesity Facts
Maria Luger, Max Lafontan, Maira Bes-Rastrollo, Eva Winzer, Volkan Yumuk, Nathalie Farpour-Lambert
OBJECTIVE: Partly inconsistent findings from previous reviews have fueled discussions on the impact of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) on obesity development. The aim was to systematically review the recent evidence in children and adults. METHODS: Data were retrieved from the databases MEDLINE, EMBASE, and Cochrane library for the period January 2013 to October 2015. A systematic review of prospective cohort studies and randomized controlled trials (RCTs) relating SSBs to weight measures was conducted...
December 14, 2017: Obesity Facts
Tsuyoshi Hamano, Xinjun Li, Jan Sundquist, Kristina Sundquist
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this 6-year follow-up study was to examine whether neighbourhood accessibility to fast-food outlets was associated with diagnosed childhood obesity, after adjustment for neighbourhood- and individual-level socio-demographic factors. METHODS: This 6-year follow-up study comprised 484,677 boys and 459,810 girls aged 0-14 years in Sweden. The follow-up period ran from January 1, 2005, until hospitalisation/out-patient treatment for obesity, death, emigration or the end of the study period on December 31, 2010...
November 22, 2017: Obesity Facts
Catia Martins, Anette Norsett-Carr
OBJECTIVES: To assess the level of obesity knowledge in final-year medical students in Norway and to compare it to an expert group and first-year medical students. METHODS: A 20-item questionnaire was specifically designed for this purpose (18 knowledge-based questions and 2 subjective questions looking at attitudes and self-perceived proficiency). All medical schools in Norway were included (n = 226). For comparison purposes, an expert group (n = 13) and first-year medical students (n = 96) were included...
November 22, 2017: Obesity Facts
Carel le Roux, Vanita Aroda, Joanna Hemmingsson, Ana Paula Cancino, Rune Christensen, Xavier Pi-Sunyer
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether the efficacy and safety of liraglutide 3.0 mg differed between two subgroups, BMI 27 to <35 and BMI ≥ 35 kg/m², in individuals without and with type 2 diabetes (T2D). METHODS: A post-hoc analysis of two 56-week, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trials (SCALE Obesity and Prediabetes; SCALE Diabetes). Subgroup differences in treatment effects of liraglutide 3.0 mg were evaluated by testing the interaction between treatment group and baseline BMI subgroup...
November 17, 2017: Obesity Facts
Gabriel Torbahn, Ines Gellhaus, Benjamin Koch, Rüdiger von Kries, Viola Obermeier, Reinhard W Holl, Katharina Fink, Andreas van Egmond-Fröhlich
OBJECTIVE: Treatment of paediatric obesity focuses on changes of nutrition and eating behaviour and physical activity. The evaluation of the patient education programme by KgAS was utilised to analyse the association of changes of portion size, eating rate and dietary habits with BMI-SDS reductions. METHODS: Patients (n = 297) were examined at the beginning and at the end of treatment and after 1-year follow-up at different out-patient centres. Their parents completed questionnaires including estimation of children's portion size, eating rate and frequency of food intake...
October 31, 2017: Obesity Facts
Károly Nagy, Szilvia Fiatal, János Sándor, Róza Ádány
AIMS: The aim of our study was to explore differences in genetic predisposition to obesity between the Hungarian general and Roma populations. METHODS: A total of 1,152 samples from the Hungarian Roma population and 1,743 samples from the Hungarian general population were genotyped for 20 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) associated with the risk of obesity. Two types of multilocus genetic risk scores were constructed to estimate the combined effect of selected SNPs...
October 7, 2017: Obesity Facts
Sabine Makkes, Johanna M van Dongen, Carry M Renders, Olga H van der Baan-Slootweg, Jacob C Seidell, Judith E Bosmans
BACKGROUND: Considering the large economic consequences of severe childhood obesity for the society, we aimed to conduct an economic evaluation comparing two intensive 1-year lifestyle treatments with varying inpatient periods for severely obese children and adolescents with regard to standard deviation score BMI (SDS-BMI) and quality-adjusted life years (QALYs). METHODS: An economic evaluation from a societal perspective accompanying a randomized controlled trial with a 24-month follow-up...
October 7, 2017: Obesity Facts
Tanja H Kakebeeke, Stefano Lanzi, Annina E Zysset, Amar Arhab, Nadine Messerli-Bürgy, Kerstin Stuelb, Claudia S Leeger-Aschmann, Einat A Schmutz, Andrea H Meyer, Susi Kriemler, Simone Munsch, Oskar G Jenni, Jardena J Puder
OBJECTIVE: Being overweight makes physical movement more difficult. Our aim was to investigate the association between body composition and motor performance in preschool children. METHODS: A total of 476 predominantly normal-weight preschool children (age 3.9 ± 0.7 years; m/f: 251/225; BMI 16.0 ± 1.4 kg/m2) participated in the Swiss Preschoolers' Health Study (SPLASHY). Body composition assessments included skinfold thickness, waist circumference (WC), and BMI...
September 22, 2017: Obesity Facts
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May 19, 2017: Obesity Facts
Pedro J Teixeira, Marta M Marques
Health behavior change is central in obesity management. Due to its complexity, there has been a growing body of research on: i) the factors that predict the adoption and maintenance of health behaviors, ii) the development and testing of theories that conceptualize relationships among these factors and with health behaviors, and iii) how these factors can be implemented in effective behavior change interventions, considering characteristics of the content (techniques) and delivery. This short review provides an overview of advances in behavior change science theories and methods, focusing on obesity management, and includes a discussion of the main challenges imposed by this research field...
2017: Obesity Facts
Bodil Just Christensen, Eva Winning Iepsen, Julie Lundgren, Lotte Holm, Sten Madsbad, Jens Juul Holst, Signe Sørensen Torekov
AIM: The purpose of this study was to identify psychosocial determinants for maintaining weight loss. METHODS: 42 obese individuals who achieved a 12% weight loss before entering a 52-week weight maintenance program were interviewed qualitatively. Psychosocial factors related to weight loss maintenance were identified in two contrasting groups: weight reducers and weight regainers. Groups were defined by health-relevant weight maintenance (additional weight loss > 3% at week 52, n = 9 versus weight gain > 3%, at week 52, n = 20)...
2017: Obesity Facts
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