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Obesity Facts

Rocco Barazzoni, Stephan Bischoff, Yves Boirie, Luca Busetto, Tommy Cederholm, Dror Dicker, Hermann Toplak, Andre Van Gossum, Volkan Yumuk, Roberto Vettor
The prevalence of overweight and obesity has reached epidemic proportions worldwide due to increasingly pervasive obesogenic lifestyle changes. Obesity poses unprecedented individual, social, and multidisciplinary medical challenges by increasing the risk for metabolic diseases, chronic organ failures, and cancer as well as complication rates in the presence of acute disease conditions. Whereas reducing excess adiposity remains the fundamental pathogenic treatment for obese individuals, complex metabolic and lifestyle abnormalities as well as weight reduction therapies per se may also compromise the ability to preserve muscle function and mass, especially when chronic disease co-exists with obesity...
July 18, 2018: Obesity Facts
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 18, 2018: Obesity Facts
Rafaela Rosário, Renata Barros, Patrícia Padrão, Rute Santos, Vitor Hugo Teixeira, Oscar Lopes, Nelson Andrade, Andre Moreira, Pedro Moreira
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the associations between height and BMI categories in a Portuguese representative sample. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study with a representative sample of 32,644 Portuguese adults (52.4% females). Sociodemographic and lifestyle characteristics were obtained along with self-reported height and weight. We performed generalized linear models to assess the differences in attained height across BMI categories; analyses were adjusted for age, gender, education, family income per month, proxy reporting information, dietary patterns, and smoking...
July 11, 2018: Obesity Facts
Elisabeth Leehr, Katrin Elisabeth Giel, Norbert Schaeffeler, Isabelle Mack, Ansgar Thiel, Guido Zurstiege, Stephan Zipfel
OBJECTIVE: We investigated how individuals with normal weight (NW) versus individuals with obesity (OB) visually explore human bodies varying in BMI. METHODS: 16 OB (BMI 37.5 ± 7.7 kg/m²) and 35 NW (BMI 21.5 ± 1.6 kg/m²) visually explored 35 natural photographs and 25 avatars depicting male and female bodies ranging from normal weight to obesity. Gaze behaviour was assessed using eye tracking technology. Additionally, participants rated the attractiveness of all body stimuli...
July 11, 2018: Obesity Facts
Kurt Widhalm, Oliver Helk, Otmar Pachinger
OBJECTIVES: Obesity in children and adolescents is a worldwide dramatic health problem, for which treatment is mostly unsuccessful. Therefore, prevention is the most important measure to tackle this problem. The 'EDDY' study as an interventional cohort study with a 1-year lifestyle intervention aimed to affect the lifestyle and nutrition habits of adolescents by intervention with nutritional training and sports programs to prevent obesity. METHODS: Four Viennese schools were cluster-randomized into an intervention group and a control group...
June 30, 2018: Obesity Facts
Kurt Widhalm
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 30, 2018: Obesity Facts
Carl-Erik Flodmark
The impact of childhood obesity on the Swedish Health Care system is described. Childhood Obesity and Diabetes Type 2 is increasing for the last 10 years, but not Diabetes Type 1. Thus, prevention is needed. How to define prevention of obesity? Could treatment of childhood obesity be regarded as prevention of adult obesity? Of course it could, but we are lacking a long term follow-up from childhood to adulthood. However, we know that childhood obesity is a risk factor for adult disease. But we need long-lasting results in children to being able to state that we have prevented adult obesity...
June 30, 2018: Obesity Facts
Susanne Ring-Dimitriou, Thomas Freudenthaler, Verena Aistleitner, Gertrude Horvath, Julia Stallinger, Minas Dimitriou, Elisabeth Ardelt-Gattinger, Daniel Weghuber
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of early childhood overweight and obesity in Austria has reached average European levels of 20% in boys and 18% in girls. The rationale and study protocol of SALTO, Salzburg Together against Obesity will be presented, which is aimed to assist adults in increasing the rate of 4- to 6-year-old children with a healthy body weight. METHODS: A controlled longitudinal sequential study design consisting of 14 intervention (IK) and 8 control (CK) kindergarten was used to investigate the effect of actions tailored for teachers and parents on BMI among 4- to 6-year-old children...
June 30, 2018: Obesity Facts
Mehdi Menai, Hélène Charreire, Pilar Galan, Chantal Simon, Julie-Anne Nazare, Camille Perchoux, Christiane Weber, Christophe Enaux, Serge Hercberg, Léopold Fezeu, Jean-Michel Oppert
BACKGROUND: Research on the associations between walking and cycling with obesity-related phenotypes is growing but relies mostly on the use of BMI. The purpose of this study was to analyze associations of walking and cycling behaviors assessed separately with various obesity markers in French adults. METHODS: In 12,776 adult participants (71.3% women) of the on-going NutriNet Santé web-cohort, we assessed by self-report past-month walking and cycling (for commuting, errands and leisure), and obesity measures were taken during a visit at a clinical center (weight, height, waist circumference, and percent body fat by bioimpedance)...
June 22, 2018: Obesity Facts
Viktoria Anna Kovacs, Marta Bakacs, Csilla Kaposvari, Eva Illes, Gergo Erdei, Eva Martos, Joao Breda
AIMS: To describe the prevalence of thinness, overweight, and obesity in Hungarian children (age 7.0-7.9 years) according to different classifications, to assess the progress between 2010 and 2016, and to investigate whether tendencies differ according to gender. METHODS: A national representative sample was generated by two-stage cluster sampling, and a total of 2,651 children (50.9% boys; age 7.49 ± 0.3 years) were measured (weight and height) in October 2016...
May 23, 2018: Obesity Facts
Ke Lu, Xiaoyan Chen, Jianhua Yan, Xinchun Li, Chen Huang, Qi Wan, Xuelian Deng, Qiao Zou
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the utility of intravoxel incoherent motion-diffusion weighted imaging (IVIM-DWI) derived parameters in hypothalamus for monitoring the effect of Exendin-4 (Ex-4) intervention on the feeding behavior in obese diabetic rats within early feeding. METHODS: 21 obese and 19 non-obese rats which were treated with streptozotocin injections were initially divided into an obese diabetes group (OD, n = 10), a non-obese diabetes group (D, n = 8), an obese group (O, n = 9) and a non-obese group (N, n = 9)...
May 23, 2018: Obesity Facts
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 9, 2018: Obesity Facts
Susann Weihrauch-Blüher, Kartin Kromeyer-Hauschild, Christine Graf, Kurt Widhalm, Ulrike Korsten-Reck, Birgit Jödicke, Jana Markert, Manfred James Müller, Anja Moss, Martin Wabitsch, Susanna Wiegand
OBJECTIVE: Current guidelines for prevention of obesity in childhood and adolescence are discussed. METHODS: A literature search was performed in Medline via PubMed, and appropriate studies were analyzed. RESULTS: Programs to prevent childhood obesity have so far remained mainly school-based and effects have been limited. Analyses by age group show that prevention programs have the best results in younger children (<12 years). Evidence-based recommendations for pre-school- and early school-aged children indicate the need for interventions that address parents and teachers alike...
2018: Obesity Facts
Johannes Carl, Hendrik K Thedinga, Stephan Zipfel, Ansgar Thiel
OBJECTIVE: There is a need for more experimental research on weight stigma and physical activity, specifically among men with obesity. Yet, validated procedures are required. The goal of this study was i) to develop a 10-min video instrument for the experimental induction of physical activity-related weight stigma (including a neutral control video), and ii) to collect information with regards to its content, face, construct, and criterion validity. METHODS: To ensure content and face validity, two experts gave repeated feedback on the video development...
2018: Obesity Facts
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Obesity Facts
Chikanobu Sonoda, Hideki Fukuda, Masayasu Kitamura, Hideaki Hayashida, Yumiko Kawashita, Reiko Furugen, Zenya Koyama, Toshiyuki Saito
OBJECTIVE: This study was conducted to understand how eating speed and oral health condition are associated with obesity in Japanese working men. METHODS: We studied a total of 863 men attending an annual medical checkup of the Japanese Maritime Self Defense Force in Sasebo City, Japan. Participants answered a questionnaire about their eating speed, and we examined their anthropometric status in terms of BMI, waist circumference, and oral health condition, especially periodontal disease and number of functional teeth...
2018: Obesity Facts
Rebecca L Pearl, Thomas A Wadden, Jena Shaw Tronieri, Ariana M Chao, Naji Alamuddin, Zayna M Bakizada, Emilie Pinkasavage, Robert I Berkowitz
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Sociocultural and familial factors associated with weight bias internalization (WBI) are currently unknown. The present study explored the relationship between interpersonal sources of weight stigma, family weight history, and WBI. METHODS: Participants with obesity (N = 178, 87.6% female, 71.3% black) completed questionnaires that assessed the frequency with which they experienced weight stigma from various interpersonal sources. Participants also reported the weight status of their family members and completed measures of WBI, depression, and demographics...
2018: Obesity Facts
Cathrine Lawaetz Wimmelmann, Rikke Lund, Trine Flensborg-Madsen, Ulla Christensen, Merete Osler, Erik Lykke Mortensen
OBJECTIVE: The study examined cross-sectional associations of personality with BMI and obesity among men and women in a large late midlife community sample. METHODS: The sample comprised 5,286 Danish individuals aged 49-63 years from the Copenhagen Ageing and Midlife Biobank (CAMB) with complete information on measured BMI, personality assessed by the NEO Five Factor Inventory (NEO FFI), and sociodemographic factors including sex, age and educational length. Analysis of variance and logistic regression models were used to investigate associations between personality and BMI as well as obesity...
2018: Obesity Facts
Zoltan Pataky, Isabelle Carrard, Valerie Gay, Aurélien Thomas, Anne Carpentier, Elisabetta Bobbioni-Harsch, Alain Golay
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of weight loss on endocannabinoids, cardiometabolic and psychological parameters, eating disorders (ED) as well as quality of life (QoL) and to elucidate the role of endocannabinoids in metabolic syndrome (MS). METHODS: In total, 114 patients with obesity were prospectively included in a 12-month weight loss program. Plasma endocannabinoids were measured by mass spectrometry; ED, psychological and QoL-related parameters were evaluated by self-reported questionnaires; physical activity was measured by accelerometer...
2018: Obesity Facts
Meeke Hoedjes, Sabine Makkes, Jutka Halberstadt, Hanneke Noordam, Carry M Renders, Judith E Bosmans, Olga H van der Baan-Slootweg, Jacob C Seidell
OBJECTIVE: To examine changes in generic and weight-related, health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in children and adolescents with severe obesity participating in intensive lifestyle treatment, and to examine whether changes in SDS-BMI were associated with changes in HRQoL. METHODS: In this prospective observational study, a referred sample of 120 children and adolescents (8-19 years) with severe obesity (SDS-BMI ≥ 3.0, or ≥ 2.3 in combination with obesity-related comorbidity) received an intensive 1-year lifestyle treatment with an inpatient period in a specialized childhood obesity center...
2018: Obesity Facts
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