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Obesity Facts

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237167/health-behavior-change-for-obesity-management
#1
Pedro J Teixeira, Marta M Marques
Health behavior change is central in obesity management. Due to its complexity, there has been a growing body of research on: i) the factors that predict the adoption and maintenance of health behaviors, ii) the development and testing of theories that conceptualize relationships among these factors and with health behaviors, and iii) how these factors can be implemented in effective behavior change interventions, considering characteristics of the content (techniques) and delivery. This short review provides an overview of advances in behavior change science theories and methods, focusing on obesity management, and includes a discussion of the main challenges imposed by this research field...
December 14, 2017: Obesity Facts
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237161/effects-of-intentional-weight-loss-on-markers-of-oxidative-stress-dna-repair-and-telomere-length-a-systematic-review
#2
Caroline Himbert, Henry Thompson, Cornelia M Ulrich
BACKGROUND: Altered levels of markers of oxidative stress, DNA repair, and telomere integrity have been detected in obese individuals and may underlie the pathogenesis of obesity-related diseases. However, whether or not such effects are reversed by intentional weight loss has not been systematically reviewed. METHODS: A literature search in PubMed/Medline identified 2,388 articles of which 21 studies (randomized controlled trial (RCT) (n = 10) and non-randomized intervention studies (n = 11)) were classified as testing the effects of intentional weight loss on i) oxidative stress (n = 15), ii) DNA repair (n = 2), and iii) telomere length (n = 4)...
December 14, 2017: Obesity Facts
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237159/sugar-sweetened-beverages-and-weight-gain-in-children-and-adults-a-systematic-review-from-2013-to-2015-and-a-comparison-with-previous-studies
#3
Maria Luger, Max Lafontan, Maira Bes-Rastrollo, Eva Winzer, Volkan Yumuk, Nathalie Farpour-Lambert
OBJECTIVE: Partly inconsistent findings from previous reviews have fueled discussions on the impact of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) on obesity development. The aim was to systematically review the recent evidence in children and adults. METHODS: Data were retrieved from the databases MEDLINE, EMBASE, and Cochrane library for the period January 2013 to October 2015. A systematic review of prospective cohort studies and randomized controlled trials (RCTs) relating SSBs to weight measures was conducted...
December 14, 2017: Obesity Facts
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207396/instrumentalization-of-eating-improves-weight-loss-maintenance-in-obesity
#4
Bodil Just Christensen, Eva Winning Iepsen, Julie Lundgren, Lotte Holm, Sten Madsbad, Jens Juul Holst, Signe Sørensen Torekov
AIM: The purpose of this study was to identify psychosocial determinants for maintaining weight loss. METHODS: 42 obese individuals who achieved a 12% weight loss before entering a 52-week weight maintenance program were interviewed qualitatively. Psychosocial factors related to weight loss maintenance were identified in two contrasting groups: weight reducers and weight regainers. Groups were defined by health-relevant weight maintenance (additional weight loss > 3% at week 52, n = 9 versus weight gain > 3%, at week 52, n = 20)...
December 6, 2017: Obesity Facts
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207395/adiponectin-and-its-receptors-are-differentially-expressed-in-human-tissues-and-cell-lines-of-distinct-origin
#5
Simon Jasinski-Bergner, Maximilian Büttner, Dagmar Quandt, Barbara Seliger, Heike Kielstein
BACKGROUND: Adiponectin is secreted by adipose tissue and exerts high abundance and an anti-inflammatory potential. However, only little information exists about the expression profiles of adiponectin and its recently identified receptor CDH13 in non-tumorous human tissues and their association to clinical parameters. METHODS: The expression levels of adiponectin and CDH13 were analyzed in heart, liver, kidney, spleen, skin, blood vessels, peripheral nerve and bone marrow of 21 human body donors, in 12 human cell lines, and in purified immune effector cell populations of healthy blood donors by immunohistochemistry, Western-blot, and semi-quantitative PCR...
December 6, 2017: Obesity Facts
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207394/cumulative-effect-of-obesogenic-behaviours-on-adiposity-in-spanish-children-and-adolescents
#6
Helmut Schröder, Rowaedh Ahmed Bawaked, Lourdes Ribas-Barba, Maria Izquierdo-Pulido, Blanca Roman-Viñas, Montserrat Fíto, Lluis Serra-Majem
OBJECTIVE: Little is known about the cumulative effect of obesogenic behaviours on childhood obesity risk. We determined the cumulative effect on BMI z-score, waist-to-height ratio (WHtR), overweight and abdominal obesity of four lifestyle behaviours that have been linked to obesity. METHODS: In this cross-sectional analysis, data were obtained from the EnKid sudy, a representative sample of Spanish youth. The study included 1,614 boys and girls aged 5-18 years...
December 6, 2017: Obesity Facts
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207379/practical-recommendations-of-the-obesity-management-task-force-of-the-european-association-for-the-study-of-obesity-for-the-post-bariatric-surgery-medical-management
#7
Luca Busetto, Dror Dicker, Carmil Azran, Rachel L Batterham, Nathalie Farpour-Lambert, Martin Fried, Jøran Hjelmesæth, Johann Kinzl, Deborah R Leitner, Janine M Makaronidis, Karin Schindler, Hermann Toplak, Volkan Yumuk
Bariatric surgery is today the most effective long-term therapy for the management of patients with severe obesity, and its use is recommended by the relevant guidelines of the management of obesity in adults. Bariatric surgery is in general safe and effective, but it can cause new clinical problems and is associated with specific diagnostic, preventive and therapeutic needs. For clinicians, the acquisition of special knowledge and skills is required in order to deliver appropriate and effective care to the post-bariatric patient...
December 6, 2017: Obesity Facts
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161708/association-between-childhood-obesity-and-neighbourhood-accessibility-to-fast-food-outlets-a-nationwide-6-year-follow-up-study-of-944-487-children
#8
Tsuyoshi Hamano, Xinjun Li, Jan Sundquist, Kristina Sundquist
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this 6-year follow-up study was to examine whether neighbourhood accessibility to fast-food outlets was associated with diagnosed childhood obesity, after adjustment for neighbourhood- and individual-level socio-demographic factors. METHODS: This 6-year follow-up study comprised 484,677 boys and 459,810 girls aged 0-14 years in Sweden. The follow-up period ran from January 1, 2005, until hospitalisation/out-patient treatment for obesity, death, emigration or the end of the study period on December 31, 2010...
November 22, 2017: Obesity Facts
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161687/obesity-knowledge-among-final-year-medical-students-in-norway
#9
Catia Martins, Anette Norsett-Carr
OBJECTIVES: To assess the level of obesity knowledge in final-year medical students in Norway and to compare it to an expert group and first-year medical students. METHODS: A 20-item questionnaire was specifically designed for this purpose (18 knowledge-based questions and 2 subjective questions looking at attitudes and self-perceived proficiency). All medical schools in Norway were included (n = 226). For comparison purposes, an expert group (n = 13) and first-year medical students (n = 96) were included...
November 22, 2017: Obesity Facts
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145215/comparison-of-efficacy-and-safety-of-liraglutide-3-0-mg-in-individuals-with-bmi-above-and-below-35-kg-m%C3%A2-a-post-hoc-analysis
#10
Carel le Roux, Vanita Aroda, Joanna Hemmingsson, Ana Paula Cancino, Rune Christensen, Xavier Pi-Sunyer
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether the efficacy and safety of liraglutide 3.0 mg differed between two subgroups, BMI 27 to <35 and BMI ≥ 35 kg/m², in individuals without and with type 2 diabetes (T2D). METHODS: A post-hoc analysis of two 56-week, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trials (SCALE Obesity and Prediabetes; SCALE Diabetes). Subgroup differences in treatment effects of liraglutide 3.0 mg were evaluated by testing the interaction between treatment group and baseline BMI subgroup...
November 17, 2017: Obesity Facts
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29084405/reduction-of-portion-size-and-eating-rate-is-associated-with-bmi-sds-reduction-in-overweight-and-obese-children-and-adolescents-results-on-eating-and-nutrition-behaviour-from-the-observational-kgas-study
#11
Gabriel Torbahn, Ines Gellhaus, Benjamin Koch, Rüdiger von Kries, Viola Obermeier, Reinhard W Holl, Katharina Fink, Andreas van Egmond-Fröhlich
OBJECTIVE: Treatment of paediatric obesity focuses on changes of nutrition and eating behaviour and physical activity. The evaluation of the patient education programme by KgAS was utilised to analyse the association of changes of portion size, eating rate and dietary habits with BMI-SDS reductions. METHODS: Patients (n = 297) were examined at the beginning and at the end of treatment and after 1-year follow-up at different out-patient centres. Their parents completed questionnaires including estimation of children's portion size, eating rate and frequency of food intake...
October 31, 2017: Obesity Facts
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020681/the-socioeconomic-burden-of-obesity
#12
Jakob Kjellberg, Arendse Tange Larsen, Rikke Ibsen, Betina Højgaard
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the socioeconomic impact of obesity by estimating the direct and indirect costs associated with obesity in Denmark, based on individual level data. METHODS: Costs were assessed for different BMI groups, and the relative risks for change in direct and indirect costs per BMI point above 30 were estimated. A fourth analysis estimated the odds ratio for comorbidities per BMI point above 30. Individual data on income, social transfer payments, healthcare costs and diagnoses were retrieved from national registries...
2017: Obesity Facts
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988247/distinct-penetrance-of-obesity-associated-susceptibility-alleles-in-the-hungarian-general-and-roma-populations
#13
Károly Nagy, Szilvia Fiatal, János Sándor, Róza Ádány
AIMS: The aim of our study was to explore differences in genetic predisposition to obesity between the Hungarian general and Roma populations. METHODS: A total of 1,152 samples from the Hungarian Roma population and 1,743 samples from the Hungarian general population were genotyped for 20 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) associated with the risk of obesity. Two types of multilocus genetic risk scores were constructed to estimate the combined effect of selected SNPs...
October 7, 2017: Obesity Facts
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988240/economic-evaluation-of-intensive-inpatient-treatments-for-severely-obese-children-and-adolescents
#14
Sabine Makkes, Johanna M van Dongen, Carry M Renders, Olga H van der Baan-Slootweg, Jacob C Seidell, Judith E Bosmans
BACKGROUND: Considering the large economic consequences of severe childhood obesity for the society, we aimed to conduct an economic evaluation comparing two intensive 1-year lifestyle treatments with varying inpatient periods for severely obese children and adolescents with regard to standard deviation score BMI (SDS-BMI) and quality-adjusted life years (QALYs). METHODS: An economic evaluation from a societal perspective accompanying a randomized controlled trial with a 24-month follow-up...
October 7, 2017: Obesity Facts
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934745/association-between-body-composition-and-motor-performance-in-preschool-children
#15
Tanja H Kakebeeke, Stefano Lanzi, Annina E Zysset, Amar Arhab, Nadine Messerli-Bürgy, Kerstin Stuelb, Claudia S Leeger-Aschmann, Einat A Schmutz, Andrea H Meyer, Susi Kriemler, Simone Munsch, Oskar G Jenni, Jardena J Puder
OBJECTIVE: Being overweight makes physical movement more difficult. Our aim was to investigate the association between body composition and motor performance in preschool children. METHODS: A total of 476 predominantly normal-weight preschool children (age 3.9 ± 0.7 years; m/f: 251/225; BMI 16.0 ± 1.4 kg/m2) participated in the Swiss Preschoolers' Health Study (SPLASHY). Body composition assessments included skinfold thickness, waist circumference (WC), and BMI...
September 22, 2017: Obesity Facts
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528328/24th-european-congress-on-obesity-eco2017-porto-portugal-may-17-20-2017-abstracts
#16
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 19, 2017: Obesity Facts
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131049/changing-characteristics-of-obese-children-and-adolescents-entering-pediatric-lifestyle-intervention-programs-in-germany-over-the-last-11-years-an-adiposity-patients-registry-multicenter-analysis-of-65-453-children-and-adolescents
#17
Barbara Bohn, Susanna Wiegand, Wieland Kiess, Thomas Reinehr, Rainer Stachow, Johannes Oepen, Helmut Langhof, Thomas Hermann, Kurt Widhalm, Martin Wabitsch, Ines Gellhaus, Reinhard Holl
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether characteristics of children and adolescents who start lifestyle intervention (LI) for obesity in Germany changed over the last decade. METHODS: 65,453 subjects (<21 years) from the APV database (Adiposity Patients Registry) with a BMI ≥ 90th percentile were included (years 2005-2015). Logistic regression models (confounders: age, sex, migration background) were created for overweight, obesity, extreme obesity, and obesity-related comorbidities...
2017: Obesity Facts
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020674/obesity-and-type-2-diabetes-two-diseases-with-a-need-for-combined-treatment-strategies-easo-can-lead-the-way
#18
Deborah R Leitner, Gema Frühbeck, Volkan Yumuk, Karin Schindler, Dragan Micic, Euan Woodward, Hermann Toplak
Obesity is a chronic metabolic disease affecting adults and children worldwide. It has become one of the leading causes of death, as obesity is known to be the main risk factor for a number of non-communicable diseases, in particular type 2 diabetes. This close relationship led to the connotation 'diabesity', highlighting the fact that the majority of individuals with diabetes are overweight or obese. Until today the BMI is still used to classify overweight and obesity. Since reduced muscle mass is highly prevalent throughout the BMI range, the measurement of body composition is strongly recommended...
2017: Obesity Facts
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020671/oral-lactobacillus-counts-predict-weight-gain-susceptibility-a-6-year-follow-up-study
#19
Johanne Aviaja Rosing, Karen Christina Walker, Benjamin A H Jensen, Berit L Heitmann
BACKGROUND: Recent studies have shown an association between weight change and the makeup of the intestinal microbiota in humans. Specifically, Lactobacillus, a part of the entire gastrointestinal tract's microbiota, has been shown to contribute to weight regulation. AIM: We examined the association between the level of oral Lactobacillus and the subsequent 6-year weight change in a healthy population of 322 Danish adults aged 35-65 years at baseline. DESIGN: Prospective observational study...
2017: Obesity Facts
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988235/readmissions-and-emergency-department-visits-after-bariatric-surgery-at-saudi-arabian-hospital-the-rates-reasons-and-risk-factors
#20
Anwar Ahmed, Doaa AlBuraikan, Bashayr ALMuqbil, Wijdan AlJohi, Wala Alanazi, Budor AlRasheed
BACKGROUND: Saudi Arabian hospital readmissions and emergency department (ED) visits following bariatric surgery and discharge have never been investigated. This study aimed to evaluate the rates and reasons of hospital readmissions and ED visits related to surgical weight loss interventions at the King Abdulaziz Medical City - Riyadh. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study on 301 patients who underwent bariatric surgery between January 2011 and July 2016...
2017: Obesity Facts
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