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Obesity Facts

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528341/sociocultural-influence-on-obesity-and-lifestyle-in-children-a-study-of-daily-activities-leisure-time-behavior-motor-skills-and-weight-status
#1
Martin Hilpert, Konrad Brockmeier, Sigrid Dordel, Benjamin Koch, Verena Weiß, Nina Ferrari, Walter Tokarski, Christine Graf
BACKGROUND: Juvenile overweight is increasing, and effective preventive measures are needed. After years of arbitrarily assigning these measures disregarding socioeconomic and/or cultural differences, it has become necessary to tailor interventions more specific to these target groups. Providing data for such an intervention is the objective of this study. METHODS: Influencing variables on children's weight status, motor skills and lifestyle have been analyzed among 997 first graders (53...
May 20, 2017: Obesity Facts
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528340/evaluation-of-hypocaloric-diet-with-protein-supplementation-in-middle-aged-sarcopenic-obese-women-a-pilot-study
#2
Rosa Sammarco, Maurizio Marra, Maria Luisa Di Guglielmo, Marianna Naccarato, Franco Contaldo, Eleonora Poggiogalle, Lorenzo Maria Donini, Fabrizio Pasanisi
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of a nutritional program, which is characterized by a different modulation of proteins, in adult patients with sarcopenic obesity. METHODS: We studied 18 obese women aged 41-74 years. Obesity was diagnosed as fat mass > 34.8% and sarcopenia was defined when lean body mass was <90% of the subject's ideal fat free mass. All subjects were randomly assigned to different nutritional interventions: Hypocaloric diet plus placebo (A) and hypocaloric high-protein diet (1...
May 20, 2017: Obesity Facts
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528331/title-editorial-board-imprint-half-title-committee-contents
#3
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 19, 2017: Obesity Facts
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528328/24th-european-congress-on-obesity-eco2017-porto-portugal-may-17-20-2017-abstracts
#4
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 19, 2017: Obesity Facts
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442682/erratum
#5
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Obesity Facts
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441654/gastric-ulcer-hemorrhage-a-potential-life-threatening-complication-of-intragastric-balloon-treatment-of-obesity
#6
Aleksandra Mojkowska, Stefan Gazdzinski, Mariusz Fraczek, Mariusz Wyleżoł
BACKGROUND: Some morbidly obese patients do not qualify for bariatric surgery due to general health contraindications. Intragastric balloon treatment might be a therapeutic option in the above-mentioned cases. It can prime super-obese patients with end-stage disease for bariatric surgery. As a neoadjuvant therapy before surgery, it leads to a downstage of the disease by preliminary weight reduction, to an improvement in general health and, in summary, to a reduction of the perioperative risk...
2017: Obesity Facts
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434008/impact-of-weight-related-discrimination-body-dissatisfaction-and-self-stigma-on-the-desire-to-weigh-less
#7
Franziska Jung, Jenny Spahlholz, Anja Hilbert, Steffi G Riedel-Heller, Claudia Luck-Sikorski
AIM: Currently, health care professionals plead for stabilization of weight and improving health conditions rather than focusing on weight loss only. Individuals with obesity have been shown to report weight loss goals that are much higher than what has been suggested by guidelines. The aim was to determine whether weight discrimination and body dissatisfaction have an impact on how much weight an individual with obesity wants to lose. METHODS: In this representative telephone survey, 878 participants with obesity were asked about their experiences with weight stigma, their body image concerns, and about the amount of weight they would like to weigh using random digital dialing and Kish selection grid to ensure random selection of participants...
2017: Obesity Facts
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433993/determinants-of-perceived-stress-in-individuals-with-obesity-exploring-the-relationship-of-potentially-obesity-related-factors-and-perceived-stress
#8
Florian Junne, Katrin Ziser, Katrin Elisabeth Giel, Kathrin Schag, Eva Skoda, Isabelle Mack, Andreas Niess, Stephan Zipfel, Martin Teufel
OBJECTIVE: Associations of specific types of stress with increased food intake and subsequent weight gain have been demonstrated in animal models as well as in experimental and epidemiological studies on humans. This study explores the research question of to what extent potentially obesity-related factors determine perceived stress in individuals with obesity. METHODS: N = 547 individuals with obesity participated in a cross-sectional study assessing perceived stress as the outcome variable and potential determinants of stress related to obesity...
2017: Obesity Facts
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433989/oral-contraceptives-after-bariatric-surgery
#9
Joël Schlatter
OBJECTIVE: Bariatric surgery offers a highly effective mode of treatment for obese patients. Some procedures such as bypass cause an alteration in normal gastrointestinal tract with possible consequences for the uptake of orally administered drugs. METHODS: We assessed the literature to ascertain whether the use of oral drugs and especially oral contraceptives is effective and adequate after bariatric surgery. RESULTS: The bioavailability of drugs could be affected by the solubility and pH of the modified medium after bariatric surgery and by the loss of gastrointestinal transporters...
2017: Obesity Facts
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384631/public-support-for-weight-related-antidiscrimination-laws-and-policies
#10
Anja Hilbert, Claudia Hübner, Gabriele Schmutzer, Sigrun Danielsdottir, Elmar Brähler, Rebecca Puhl
OBJECTIVE: Weight-related discrimination is prevalent and associated with health impairments for those who are targeted, which underscores the need of antidiscrimination legislation. This study is the first to examine public support of weight-related antidiscrimination laws or policies in Germany, compared to the US and Iceland. METHODS: In a representative German population sample (N = 2,513), public support for general and employment-specific weight-related antidiscrimination policies, weight-based victimization, and weight bias internalization were measured through established self-report questionnaires...
2017: Obesity Facts
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384625/effect-of-maternal-obesity-on-foetal-growth-and-metabolic-health-of-the-offspring
#11
Claudio Maffeis, Anita Morandi
Maternal and placental conditions that are unfavourable for the embryo/foetus have long-lasting effects on different tissues and functions of the body, which may persist for life and, potentially, also be transmitted to the offspring. This review resumes current evidence on principle maternal and gestational conditions associated with unfavourable metabolic programming of the offspring, along with their mechanisms of action, either supposed or already proved.
2017: Obesity Facts
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376503/cord-blood-metabolome-is-highly-associated-with-birth-weight-but-less-predictive-for-later-weight-development
#12
Christian Hellmuth, Olaf Uhl, Marie Standl, Hans Demmelmair, Joachim Heinrich, Berthold Koletzko, Elisabeth Thiering
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Fetal metabolism may be changed by the exposure to maternal factors, and the route to obesity may already set in utero. Cord blood metabolites might predict growth patterns and later obesity. We aimed to characterize associations of cord blood with birth weight, postnatal weight gain, and BMI in adolescence. METHODS: Over 700 cord blood samples were collected from infants participating in the German birth cohort study LISAplus. Glycerophospholipid fatty acids (GPL-FA), polar lipids, non-esterified fatty acids (NEFA), and amino acids were analyzed with a targeted, liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry based metabolomics platform...
2017: Obesity Facts
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376497/long-term-weight-loss-maintenance-by-a-meal-replacement-based-weight-management-program-in-primary-care
#13
Renate Kruschitz, Sandra Wallner-Liebmann, Harald Lothaller, Maria Luger, Bernhard Ludvik
OBJECTIVE: Structured obesity treatment programs at primary care level are becoming increasingly important. However, evidence from current treatment approaches in the long term is lacking. In view of this fact we evaluated a standardized, meal replacement-based weight loss program (myLINE®; AENGUS, Graz, Austria) according to the currently applicable guidelines. METHODS: Data of overweight and obese individuals (n = 70) who participated at least 36 months in the program were analyzed...
2017: Obesity Facts
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376484/the-impact-of-self-criticism-and-self-reassurance-on-weight-related-affect-and-well-being-in-participants-of-a-commercial-weight-management-programme
#14
Cristiana Duarte, James Stubbs, José Pinto-Gouveia, Marcela Matos, Corinne Gale, Liam Morris, Paul Gilbert
OBJECTIVE: Certain psychological and emotional factors can undermine attempts at weight management. Previously we have found that shame and self-criticism were significantly associated with disinhibition and perceived hunger in 2,236 participants of a weight management programme. This effect was fully mediated through weight-related negative affect. The present study examined the impact of self-criticism and self-reassurance on well-being and whether it was mediated by weight-related affect in the same population...
2017: Obesity Facts
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28351031/erratum
#15
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Obesity Facts
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278496/perceived-health-status-is-obesity-perceived-as-a-risk-factor-and-disease
#16
Tommy L S Visscher, Jeroen Lakerveld, Nanna Olsen, Leanne Küpers, Sofia Ramalho, Laura Keaver, Christina Brei, Jan-Inge Bjune, Silvia Ezquerro, Volkan Yumuk
One might expect that a perception of obesity being a risk factor and disease, contributes to effective obesity prevention and management strategies. However, obesity rates continue to increase worldwide. The question arises whether obesity is truly perceived as a risk factor and a disease. This paper aims at describing perception of obesity as risk factor and disease among individuals seeking care, individuals not seeking care, the society, and different professionals having a role in the field of obesity...
2017: Obesity Facts
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28245444/balancing-upstream-and-downstream-measures-to-tackle-the-obesity-epidemic-a-position-statement-from-the-european-association-for-the-study-of-obesity
#17
Harry Rutter, Maira Bes-Rastrollo, Stefaan de Henauw, Marjaana Lahti-Koski, Susanna Lehtinen-Jacks, Dana Mullerova, Finn Rasmussen, Aila Rissanen, Tommy L S Visscher, Lauren Lissner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Obesity Facts
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219070/obesity-facts-10-successful-years
#18
Hans Hauner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Obesity Facts
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219069/predictors-of-bmi-vary-along-the-bmi-range-of-german-adults-results-of-the-german-national-nutrition-survey-ii
#19
Kilson Moon, Carolin Krems, Thorsten Heuer, Alexander Roth, Ingrid Hoffmann
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to identify predictors of BMI in German adults by considering the BMI distribution and to determine whether the association between BMI and its predictors varies along the BMI distribution. METHODS: The sample included 9,214 adults aged 18-80 years from the German National Nutrition Survey II (NVS II). Quantile regression analyses were conducted to examine the association between BMI and the following predictors: age, sports activities, socio-economic status (SES), healthy eating index-NVS II (HEI-NVS II), dietary knowledge, sleeping duration and energy intake as well as status of smoking, partner relationship and self-reported health...
2017: Obesity Facts
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190017/prevalence-of-food-addiction-as-measured-with-the-yale-food-addiction-scale-2-0-in-a-representative-german-sample-and-its-association-with-sex-age-and-weight-categories
#20
Carolin Hauck, Annegret Weiß, Erica Marla Schulte, Adrian Meule, Thomas Ellrott
BACKGROUND/AIMS: To assess the prevalence and correlates of addictive-like eating behavior in Germany. METHODS: The German version of the Yale Food Addiction Scale (YFAS) 2.0 was used to investigate, for the first time, the prevalence of 'food addiction' in a representative sample aged 18-65 years (N = 1,034). RESULTS: The prevalence of 'food addiction' measured by the YFAS 2.0 was 7.9%. Individuals meeting criteria for 'food addiction' had higher BMI and were younger than individuals not meeting the threshold...
2017: Obesity Facts
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