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Obesity Facts

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219070/obesity-facts-10-successful-years
#1
Hans Hauner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 21, 2017: Obesity Facts
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219069/predictors-of-bmi-vary-along-the-bmi-range-of-german-adults-results-of-the-german-national-nutrition-survey-ii
#2
Kilson Moon, Carolin Krems, Thorsten Heuer, Alexander Roth, Ingrid Hoffmann
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to identify predictors of BMI in German adults by considering the BMI distribution and to determine whether the association between BMI and its predictors varies along the BMI distribution. METHODS: The sample included 9,214 adults aged 18-80 years from the German National Nutrition Survey II (NVS II). Quantile regression analyses were conducted to examine the association between BMI and the following predictors: age, sports activities, socio-economic status (SES), healthy eating index-NVS II (HEI-NVS II), dietary knowledge, sleeping duration and energy intake as well as status of smoking, partner relationship and self-reported health...
February 21, 2017: Obesity Facts
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190017/prevalence-of-food-addiction-as-measured-with-the-yale-food-addiction-scale-2-0-in-a-representative-german-sample-and-its-association-with-sex-age-and-weight-categories
#3
Carolin Hauck, Annegret Weiß, Erica Marla Schulte, Adrian Meule, Thomas Ellrott
BACKGROUND/AIMS: To assess the prevalence and correlates of addictive-like eating behavior in Germany. METHODS: The German version of the Yale Food Addiction Scale (YFAS) 2.0 was used to investigate, for the first time, the prevalence of 'food addiction' in a representative sample aged 18-65 years (N = 1,034). RESULTS: The prevalence of 'food addiction' measured by the YFAS 2.0 was 7.9%. Individuals meeting criteria for 'food addiction' had higher BMI and were younger than individuals not meeting the threshold...
February 11, 2017: Obesity Facts
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190010/variations-in-the-prevalence-of-obesity-among-european-countries-and-a-consideration-of-possible-causes
#4
John E Blundell, Jennifer Lyn Baker, Emma Boyland, Ellen Blaak, Jadwiga Charzewska, Stefaan de Henauw, Gema Frühbeck, Marcela Gonzalez-Gross, Johannes Hebebrand, Lotte Holm, Vilma Kriaucioniene, Lauren Lissner, Jean-Michel Oppert, Karin Schindler, Analiza Mónica Silva, Euan Woodward
Over the last 10 years the prevalence of obesity across the European continent has in general been rising. With the exception of a few countries where a levelling-off can be perceived, albeit at a high level, this upward trend seems likely to continue. However, considerable country to country variation is noticeable, with the proportion of people with obesity varying by 10% or more. This variation is intriguing and suggests the existence of different profiles of risk or protection factors operating in different countries...
February 11, 2017: Obesity Facts
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103594/attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-prevalence-and-correlates-pre-and-post-bariatric-surgery-a-comparative-cross-sectional-study
#5
Friedrich Nielsen, Ekaterini Georgiadou, Merle Bartsch, Svenja Langenberg, Astrid Müller, Martina de Zwaan
OBJECTIVE: Previous research shows an association between obesity and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). The present study compares pre- and post-bariatric surgery patients using the internationally used Conners' Adult ADHD Rating Scale (CAARS™) to screen for ADHD. METHODS: Matched samples pre- (N = 120) and post-bariatric surgery (N = 128) were compared using self-rating instruments to assess ADHD-relevant symptomatology, depression, eating-related psychopathology, and BMI...
January 20, 2017: Obesity Facts
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27820925/looking-back-easo-is-celebrating-its-30th-anniversary
#6
Hans Hauner, Euan Woodward
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 8, 2016: Obesity Facts
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27701175/evaluation-of-the-obesity-genes-fto-and-mc4r-for-contribution-to-the-risk-of-large-artery-atherosclerotic-stroke-in-a-chinese-population
#7
Zhi Song, Lingling Qiu, Zhongyang Hu, Jia Liu, Ding Liu, Deren Hou
BACKGROUND: Obesity is a well-established risk factor for large artery atherosclerotic (LAA) stroke. The aim of the study was to explore whether obesity genes, such as MC4R and FTO, contribute to LAA stroke risk in the Chinese Han population. METHODS: 322 LAA stroke patients and 473 controls were recruited. Gene polymorphism of MC4R (rs17782313) and FTO (rs8050136 and rs9939609) were genotyped. RESULTS: No differences were observed in genotype frequencies of variants of FTO (rs8050136 and rs9939609) or MC4R (rs17782313) between LAA stroke patients and control subjects...
October 5, 2016: Obesity Facts
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27701174/changes-in-waist-circumference-among-german-adults-over-time-compiling-results-of-seven-prospective-cohort-studies
#8
Marjolein Haftenberger, Gert B M Mensink, Susanne Vogt, Barbara Thorand, Annette Peters, Beatrice Herzog, Saskia Hartwig, Karin Halina Greiser, Till Ittermann, Sabine Schipf, Henry Völzke, Benedikt Merz, Ute Nöthlings, Manja Koch, Jasmine Neamat-Allah, Verena Katzke, Rudolf Kaaks, Heiner Boeing, Ursula Bachlechner, Christa Scheidt-Nave, Anja Schienkiewitz
AIM: This study aims to quantify longitudinal changes in waist circumference (WC) among adults aged 45-64 years in Germany. METHODS: Data of 15,444 men and 17,207 women from one nationwide and six regional prospective German cohort studies were analyzed. The sex-specific mean change in WC per year of follow-up was assessed for each study separately. Findings from the cohort-by-cohort analysis were combined by applying meta-analytic methods. Progression to central obesity (WC ≥ 102 cm in men and ≥ 88 cm in women) within a standardized period of 10 years was described for each study...
October 5, 2016: Obesity Facts
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27701173/inhibitory-control-and-hedonic-response-towards-food-interactively-predict-success-in-a-weight-loss-programme-for-adults-with-obesity
#9
Timo Brockmeyer, Maria Hamze Sinno, Mandy Skunde, Mudan Wu, Annika Woehning, Gottfried Rudofsky, Hans-Christoph Friederich
OBJECTIVE: Low inhibitory control and strong hedonic response towards food are considered to contribute to overeating and obesity. Based on previous research, the present study aimed at examining the potentially crucial interplay between these two factors in terms of long-term weight loss in people with obesity. METHODS: BMI, inhibitory control towards food, and food liking were assessed in obese adults prior to a weight reduction programme (OPTIFAST® 52). After the weight reduction phase (week 13) and the weight loss maintenance phase (week 52), participants' BMI was re-assessed...
October 5, 2016: Obesity Facts
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27701155/long-term-follow-up-is-essential-to-assess-outcome-of-gastric-banding-in-morbidly-obese-adolescents-a-retrospective-analysis
#10
Givan F Paulus, Gerdy Konings, Nicole D Bouvy, L W Ernest van Heurn, Jan Willem Greve
BACKGROUND: Adolescent obesity is rapidly becoming more prevalent and is associated with chronic health conditions and psychosocial morbidity. Lifestyle intervention is often ineffective in morbidly obese adolescents, and bariatric surgery is gradually becoming an accepted treatment. However, little is known about long-term results. METHODS: Hospital charts of patients who had undergone gastric banding more than 5 years ago at an age of 18 years or younger, were retrospectively analyzed...
October 5, 2016: Obesity Facts
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27701156/improving-peripheral-and-central-vascular-adjustments-during-exercise-through-a-training-program-in-adolescents-with-obesity
#11
Valérie Julian, David Thivel, Bruno Pereira, Frédéric Costes, Ruddy Richard, Martine Duclos
OBJECTIVE: The effects of a training program (TP) on muscle microvascularization during exercise remained to be explored in adolescents with obesity. We hypothesized that a TP would lead to better microvascular adaptations to exercise in skeletal muscle. METHODS: 15 inactive adolescents followed a 12-week TP where both peripheral (muscular microvascularization) and central (cardiac) adaptations to exercise (40 min exercise set at 70% V̇O2peak) were assessed before and after intervention...
October 4, 2016: Obesity Facts
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28013298/body-dissatisfaction-in-individuals-with-obesity-compared-to-normal-weight-individuals-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
Natascha-Alexandra Weinberger, Anette Kersting, Steffi G Riedel-Heller, Claudia Luck-Sikorski
BACKGROUND: Body dissatisfaction has been identified as a psychological correlate of obesity that is related to disordered eating, poor self-esteem, and depression. However, not all individuals with obesity are equally vulnerable to these correlates, and 'normative discontent' is present in individuals with normal weight, too. In this light, the complex relationship of body image and individual weight status seems like a worthwhile direction of research inquiry. As such, this review aims to systematically explore the degree of body dissatisfaction in individuals with obesity compared to normal-weight individuals...
2016: Obesity Facts
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27951535/insulin-sensitivity-and-secretion-in-obese-type-2-diabetic-women-after-various-bariatric-operations
#13
Jana Vrbikova, Marie Kunesova, Ioannis Kyrou, Andrea Tura, Martin Hill, Tereza Grimmichova, Katerina Dvorakova, Petra Sramkova, Karin Dolezalova, Olga Lischkova, Josef Vcelak, Vojtech Hainer, Bela Bendlova, Sudhesh Kumar, Martin Fried
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effects of biliopancreatic diversion (BPD) and laparoscopic gastric banding (LAGB) on insulin sensitivity and secretion with the effects of laparoscopic gastric plication (P). METHODS: A total of 52 obese women (age 30-66 years) suffering from type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) were prospectively recruited into three study groups: 16 BPD; 16 LAGB, and 20 P. Euglycemic clamps and mixed meal tolerance tests were performed before, at 1 month and at 6 months after bariatric surgery...
2016: Obesity Facts
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27951530/the-economic-burden-of-obesity-in-germany-results-from-the-population-based-kora-studies
#14
Nichola Yates, Christina M Teuner, Matthias Hunger, Rolf Holle, Renée Stark, Michael Laxy, Hans Hauner, Annette Peters, Silke B Wolfenstetter
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the excess costs of obese compared to normal-weight persons in Germany based on self-reported resource utilisation and work absence. METHODS: Five cross sectional surveys of cohort studies in southern Germany were pooled resulting in 9,070 observations for 6,731 individuals (31-96 years). BMI was measured in the study centre. Self-reported health care utilisation and work absence was used to estimate direct and indirect costs for the year 2011 based on unit costs...
2016: Obesity Facts
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898428/beneficial-effects-of-a-dietary-weight-loss-intervention-on-human-gut-microbiome-diversity-and-metabolism-are-not-sustained-during-weight-maintenance
#15
Femke-Anouska Heinsen, Daniela Fangmann, Nike Müller, Dominik M Schulte, Malte C Rühlemann, Kathrin Türk, Ute Settgast, Wolfgang Lieb, John F Baines, Stefan Schreiber, Andre Franke, Matthias Laudes
OBJECTIVE: In the present study, we examined the effect of a very low-calorie diet(VLCD)-based obesity program on human gut microbiome diversity and metabolism during weight loss and weight maintenance. METHODS: Obese subjects underwent 3 months of VLCD followed by 3 months of weight maintenance. A lean and an obese control group were included. The microbiome was characterized by performing high-throughput dual-indexed 16S rDNA amplicon sequencing. RESULTS: At baseline, a significant difference in the Firmicutes/Bacteroidetes ratio between the lean and obese individuals was observed (p = 0...
2016: Obesity Facts
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898425/modulation-of-microbiota-gut-brain-axis-by-berberine-resulting-in-improved-metabolic-status-in-high-fat-diet-fed-rats
#16
Honglin Sun, Ningjian Wang, Zhen Cang, Chaoxia Zhu, Li Zhao, Xiaomin Nie, Jing Cheng, Fangzhen Xia, Hualing Zhai, Yingli Lu
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether or not berberine could improve metabolic status of high-fat-fed rats through modulation of microbiota-gut-brain axis. METHODS: Berberine was administered on high-fat-fed Sprague-Dawley rats. Brain-gut hormones were detected, and changes of gut microbiota were analyzed by 16S rRNA gene sequencing. RESULTS: Berberine could reduce weight gain and lipolysis in the high-fat diet-fed group. Moreover, trends of ameliorated insulin resistance and decreased endogenous glucose production were observed...
2016: Obesity Facts
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898413/comment-on-the-paper-by-uerlich-et-al-obesity-management-in-europe-current-status-and-objectives-for-the-future-obes-facts-2016-9-273-283
#17
Vojtech Hainer, Constantine Tsigos, Hermann Toplak, Dragan Micic
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Obesity Facts
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27701167/metabolic-and-hormonal-determinants-of-glomerular-filtration-rate-and-renal-hemodynamics-in-severely-obese-individuals
#18
Edoardo Vitolo, Eleonora Santini, Antonio Salvati, Duccio Volterrani, Valerio Duce, Rosa Maria Bruno, Anna Solini
OBJECTIVE: Renal function is often compromised in severe obesity. A true measurement of glomerular filtration rate (GFR) is unusual, and how estimation formulae (EstForm) perform in such individuals is unclear. We characterized renal function and hemodynamics in severely obese individuals, assessing the reliability of EstForm. METHODS: We measured GFR (mGFR) by iohexol plasma clearance, renal plasma flow (RPF) by 123I-ortho-iodo-hippurate, basal and stimulated vascular renal indices, endothelium-dependent and -independent vasodilation using flow-mediated dilation (FMD) as well as metabolic and hormonal profile in morbid, otherwise healthy, obese subjects...
October 5, 2016: Obesity Facts
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27577870/2015-milan-declaration-a-call-to-action-on-obesity-an-easo-position-statement-on-the-occasion-of-the-2015-expo
#19
Gema Frühbeck, Paolo Sbraccia, Enzo Nisoli, Euan Woodward, Volkan Yumuk, Nathalie J Farpour-Lambert, Jason G C Halford, Hermann Toplak, Michele O Carruba
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Obesity Facts
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27577690/ethnic-inequalities-in-overweight-and-obesity-prevalence-among-copenhagen-schoolchildren-from-2002-to-2007
#20
Dorthe Corfitzen Pedersen, Julie Aarestrup, Seija Pearson, Jennifer Lyn Baker
BACKGROUND: The stabilization in levels of childhood overweight has masked increasing gaps among different ethnic and socioeconomic groups in several countries. OBJECTIVE: To examine if levels and trends in childhood overweight and obesity differed by ethnicity and socioeconomic areas in Copenhagen schoolchildren. METHODS: From measured heights and weights of 32,951 children 5-8 and 14-16 years of age, the prevalence of overweight (including obesity) and obesity were estimated using International Obesity Task Force criteria...
2016: Obesity Facts
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