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Obesity Facts

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601888/weight-bias-a-systematic-review-of-characteristics-and-psychometric-properties-of-self-report-questionnaires
#1
Emilie Lacroix, Angela Alberga, Shelly Russell-Mathew, Lindsay McLaren, Kristin von Ranson
BACKGROUND: People living with overweight and obesity often experience weight-based stigmatization. Investigations of the prevalence and correlates of weight bias and evaluation of weight bias reduction interventions depend upon psychometrically-sound measurement. Our paper is the first to comprehensively evaluate the psychometric properties, use of people-first language within items, and suitability for use with various populations of available self-report measures of weight bias. METHODS: We searched five electronic databases to identify English-language self-report questionnaires of weight bias...
June 10, 2017: Obesity Facts
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601866/cost-utility-analysis-of-bariatric-surgery-in-italy-results-of-decision-analytic-modelling
#2
Marcello Lucchese, Oleg Borisenko, Lorenzo Giovanni Mantovani, Paolo Angelo Cortesi, Giancarlo Cesana, Daniel Adam, Elisabeth Burdukova, Vasily Lukyanov, Nicola Di Lorenzo
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the cost-effectiveness of bariatric surgery in Italy from a third-party payer perspective over a medium-term (10 years) and a long-term (lifetime) horizon. METHODS: A state-transition Markov model was developed, in which patients may experience surgery, post-surgery complications, diabetes mellitus type 2, cardiovascular diseases or die. Transition probabilities, costs, and utilities were obtained from the Italian and international literature...
June 10, 2017: Obesity Facts
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601865/neonatal-vitamin-d-levels-in-relation-to-risk-of-overweight-at-7-years-in-the-danish-d-tect-case-cohort-study
#3
Camilla B Jensen, Marika Lundqvist, Thorkild I A Sørensen, Berit L Heitmann
BACKGROUND: Vitamin D level in pregnancy may be associated with risk of overweight in the offspring later in life. METHODS: In a case-cohort study based on Danish biobanks and registers we examined the association between 25-hydroxy-vitamin D (25(OH)D) level at birth and overweight at 7 years. Cases of overweight (n = 871) were randomly selected among 7-year-old children from the Copenhagen School Health Records Register (CSHRR) with a BMI above the 90th percentile...
June 10, 2017: Obesity Facts
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601864/effect-of-a-high-protein-diet-versus-standard-protein-diet-on-weight-loss-and-biomarkers-of-metabolic-syndrome-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#4
Ismael Campos-Nonato, Lucia Hernandez, Simon Barquera
BACKGROUND: Some studies have shown that protein-enriched diets can lead to greater weight loss and improvements in biomarkers of metabolic syndrome (MeS) than standard protein diets. Therefore, the aim of this study was to determine the effect of increased protein intake on weight loss in Mexican adults with MeS. METHODS: Randomized controlled trial in 118 adults aged 47.4 ± 11.5 years and meeting the established criteria for MeS were randomized to prescribed hypocaloric diets (500 kcal less than resting metabolic rate) providing either 0...
June 10, 2017: Obesity Facts
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601863/the-curvilinear-effect-of-bmi-on-functional-health-evidence-of-the-long-running-german-ageing-survey
#5
André Hajek, Hans-Helmut König
AIMS: We aimed at determining the effect of BMI on functional health among older Germans longitudinally. METHODS: Data from four waves (2002-2014) of the German Ageing Survey ('Deutscher Alterssurvey'; DEAS), a representative sample of community-dwelling individuals aged 40 years and above, were used. Functional health was quantified by the subscale 'physical functioning' of the 36-Item Short Form Health Survey (SF-36). Fixed effects regressions were used to estimate the predictors of functional health...
June 10, 2017: Obesity Facts
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28564658/the-upstream-determinants-of-adult-obesity
#6
Jeroen Lakerveld, Joreintje Mackenbach
Over-consumption of high-energy foods and a lack of physical activity are the main behavioural risk factors for people to develop obesity. These behaviours are influenced by a range of individual-level factors which are nested within contexts that contain influencing characteristics further upstream. In this paper, we define these upstream determinants. We also provide a historical background, summarise the current evidence base regarding these determinants across various types of environments and put them in perspective...
June 1, 2017: Obesity Facts
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28564656/association-study-of-three-gene-polymorphisms-recently-identified-by-a-genome-wide-association-study-with-obesity-related-phenotypes-in-chinese-children
#7
Qi-Ying Song, Jie-Yun Song, Yang Wang, Shuo Wang, Yi-De Yang, Xiang-Rui Meng, Jun Ma, Hai-Jun Wang, Yan Wang
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to examine associations of three single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) with obesity-related phenotypes in Chinese children. These SNPs were identified by a recent genome-wide association (GWA) study among European children. Given that varied genetic backgrounds across different ethnicity may result in different association, it is necessary to study these associations in a different ethnic population. METHODS: A total of 3,922 children, including 2,191 normal-weight, 873 overweight and 858 obese children, from three independent studies were included in the study...
June 1, 2017: Obesity Facts
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28564652/roux-en-y-gastric-bypass-improves-hepatic-glucose-metabolism-involving-down-regulation-of-protein-tyrosine-phosphatase-1b-in-obese-rats
#8
Song Mu, Jiayu Liu, Wei Guo, Shuping Zhang, Xiaoqiu Xiao, Zhihong Wang, Jun Zhang
OBJECTIVE: This study was initiated to investigate the effects of Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) surgery on hepatic glucose metabolism and hepatic expression of protein tyrosine phosphatase 1B (PTP1B) in obese rats. METHODS: Body weight, glucose, intraperitoneal glucose, insulin, and pyruvate tolerance tests were performed pre- and postoperatively, and plasma lipid, insulin and glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP-1) were measured. The mRNA levels of G6Pase, Pepck, Gsk-3β and Gys-2, and the expression levels of PTP1B mRNA, protein, and other components of the insulin signaling pathway were measured by using RT-PCR and western blotting...
June 1, 2017: Obesity Facts
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28564650/the-metabolic-phenotype-in-obesity-fat-mass-body-fat-distribution-and-adipose-tissue-function
#9
Gijs H Goossens
The current obesity epidemic poses a major public health issue since obesity predisposes towards several chronic diseases. BMI and total adiposity are positively correlated with cardiometabolic disease risk at the population level. However, body fat distribution and an impaired adipose tissue function, rather than total fat mass, better predict insulin resistance and related complications at the individual level. Adipose tissue dysfunction is determined by an impaired adipose tissue expandability, adipocyte hypertrophy, altered lipid metabolism, and local inflammation...
June 1, 2017: Obesity Facts
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528341/sociocultural-influence-on-obesity-and-lifestyle-in-children-a-study-of-daily-activities-leisure-time-behavior-motor-skills-and-weight-status
#10
Martin Hilpert, Konrad Brockmeier, Sigrid Dordel, Benjamin Koch, Verena Weiß, Nina Ferrari, Walter Tokarski, Christine Graf
BACKGROUND: Juvenile overweight is increasing, and effective preventive measures are needed. After years of arbitrarily assigning these measures disregarding socioeconomic and/or cultural differences, it has become necessary to tailor interventions more specific to these target groups. Providing data for such an intervention is the objective of this study. METHODS: Influencing variables on children's weight status, motor skills and lifestyle have been analyzed among 997 first graders (53...
May 20, 2017: Obesity Facts
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528340/evaluation-of-hypocaloric-diet-with-protein-supplementation-in-middle-aged-sarcopenic-obese-women-a-pilot-study
#11
Rosa Sammarco, Maurizio Marra, Maria Luisa Di Guglielmo, Marianna Naccarato, Franco Contaldo, Eleonora Poggiogalle, Lorenzo Maria Donini, Fabrizio Pasanisi
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of a nutritional program, which is characterized by a different modulation of proteins, in adult patients with sarcopenic obesity. METHODS: We studied 18 obese women aged 41-74 years. Obesity was diagnosed as fat mass > 34.8% and sarcopenia was defined when lean body mass was <90% of the subject's ideal fat free mass. All subjects were randomly assigned to different nutritional interventions: Hypocaloric diet plus placebo (A) and hypocaloric high-protein diet (1...
May 20, 2017: Obesity Facts
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528328/24th-european-congress-on-obesity-eco2017-porto-portugal-may-17-20-2017-abstracts
#12
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 19, 2017: Obesity Facts
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528331/title-editorial-board-imprint-half-title-committee-contents
#13
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Obesity Facts
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442682/erratum
#14
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Obesity Facts
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441654/gastric-ulcer-hemorrhage-a-potential-life-threatening-complication-of-intragastric-balloon-treatment-of-obesity
#15
Aleksandra Mojkowska, Stefan Gazdzinski, Mariusz Fraczek, Mariusz Wyleżoł
BACKGROUND: Some morbidly obese patients do not qualify for bariatric surgery due to general health contraindications. Intragastric balloon treatment might be a therapeutic option in the above-mentioned cases. It can prime super-obese patients with end-stage disease for bariatric surgery. As a neoadjuvant therapy before surgery, it leads to a downstage of the disease by preliminary weight reduction, to an improvement in general health and, in summary, to a reduction of the perioperative risk...
2017: Obesity Facts
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434008/impact-of-weight-related-discrimination-body-dissatisfaction-and-self-stigma-on-the-desire-to-weigh-less
#16
Franziska Jung, Jenny Spahlholz, Anja Hilbert, Steffi G Riedel-Heller, Claudia Luck-Sikorski
AIM: Currently, health care professionals plead for stabilization of weight and improving health conditions rather than focusing on weight loss only. Individuals with obesity have been shown to report weight loss goals that are much higher than what has been suggested by guidelines. The aim was to determine whether weight discrimination and body dissatisfaction have an impact on how much weight an individual with obesity wants to lose. METHODS: In this representative telephone survey, 878 participants with obesity were asked about their experiences with weight stigma, their body image concerns, and about the amount of weight they would like to weigh using random digital dialing and Kish selection grid to ensure random selection of participants...
2017: Obesity Facts
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433993/determinants-of-perceived-stress-in-individuals-with-obesity-exploring-the-relationship-of-potentially-obesity-related-factors-and-perceived-stress
#17
Florian Junne, Katrin Ziser, Katrin Elisabeth Giel, Kathrin Schag, Eva Skoda, Isabelle Mack, Andreas Niess, Stephan Zipfel, Martin Teufel
OBJECTIVE: Associations of specific types of stress with increased food intake and subsequent weight gain have been demonstrated in animal models as well as in experimental and epidemiological studies on humans. This study explores the research question of to what extent potentially obesity-related factors determine perceived stress in individuals with obesity. METHODS: N = 547 individuals with obesity participated in a cross-sectional study assessing perceived stress as the outcome variable and potential determinants of stress related to obesity...
2017: Obesity Facts
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433989/oral-contraceptives-after-bariatric-surgery
#18
Joël Schlatter
OBJECTIVE: Bariatric surgery offers a highly effective mode of treatment for obese patients. Some procedures such as bypass cause an alteration in normal gastrointestinal tract with possible consequences for the uptake of orally administered drugs. METHODS: We assessed the literature to ascertain whether the use of oral drugs and especially oral contraceptives is effective and adequate after bariatric surgery. RESULTS: The bioavailability of drugs could be affected by the solubility and pH of the modified medium after bariatric surgery and by the loss of gastrointestinal transporters...
2017: Obesity Facts
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384631/public-support-for-weight-related-antidiscrimination-laws-and-policies
#19
Anja Hilbert, Claudia Hübner, Gabriele Schmutzer, Sigrun Danielsdottir, Elmar Brähler, Rebecca Puhl
OBJECTIVE: Weight-related discrimination is prevalent and associated with health impairments for those who are targeted, which underscores the need of antidiscrimination legislation. This study is the first to examine public support of weight-related antidiscrimination laws or policies in Germany, compared to the US and Iceland. METHODS: In a representative German population sample (N = 2,513), public support for general and employment-specific weight-related antidiscrimination policies, weight-based victimization, and weight bias internalization were measured through established self-report questionnaires...
2017: Obesity Facts
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384625/effect-of-maternal-obesity-on-foetal-growth-and-metabolic-health-of-the-offspring
#20
Claudio Maffeis, Anita Morandi
Maternal and placental conditions that are unfavourable for the embryo/foetus have long-lasting effects on different tissues and functions of the body, which may persist for life and, potentially, also be transmitted to the offspring. This review resumes current evidence on principle maternal and gestational conditions associated with unfavourable metabolic programming of the offspring, along with their mechanisms of action, either supposed or already proved.
2017: Obesity Facts
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