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Obesity Facts

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384631/public-support-for-weight-related-antidiscrimination-laws-and-policies
#1
Anja Hilbert, Claudia Hübner, Gabriele Schmutzer, Sigrun Danielsdottir, Elmar Brähler, Rebecca Puhl
OBJECTIVE: Weight-related discrimination is prevalent and associated with health impairments for those who are targeted, which underscores the need of antidiscrimination legislation. This study is the first to examine public support of weight-related antidiscrimination laws or policies in Germany, compared to the US and Iceland. METHODS: In a representative German population sample (N = 2,513), public support for general and employment-specific weight-related antidiscrimination policies, weight-based victimization, and weight bias internalization were measured through established self-report questionnaires...
April 7, 2017: Obesity Facts
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384625/effect-of-maternal-obesity-on-foetal-growth-and-metabolic-health-of-the-offspring
#2
Claudio Maffeis, Anita Morandi
Maternal and placental conditions that are unfavourable for the embryo/foetus have long-lasting effects on different tissues and functions of the body, which may persist for life and, potentially, also be transmitted to the offspring. This review resumes current evidence on principle maternal and gestational conditions associated with unfavourable metabolic programming of the offspring, along with their mechanisms of action, either supposed or already proved.
April 7, 2017: Obesity Facts
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376503/cord-blood-metabolome-is-highly-associated-with-birth-weight-but-less-predictive-for-later-weight-development
#3
Christian Hellmuth, Olaf Uhl, Marie Standl, Hans Demmelmair, Joachim Heinrich, Berthold Koletzko, Elisabeth Thiering
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Fetal metabolism may be changed by the exposure to maternal factors, and the route to obesity may already set in utero. Cord blood metabolites might predict growth patterns and later obesity. We aimed to characterize associations of cord blood with birth weight, postnatal weight gain, and BMI in adolescence. METHODS: Over 700 cord blood samples were collected from infants participating in the German birth cohort study LISAplus. Glycerophospholipid fatty acids (GPL-FA), polar lipids, non-esterified fatty acids (NEFA), and amino acids were analyzed with a targeted, liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry based metabolomics platform...
April 5, 2017: Obesity Facts
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376497/long-term-weight-loss-maintenance-by-a-meal-replacement-based-weight-management-program-in-primary-care
#4
Renate Kruschitz, Sandra Wallner-Liebmann, Harald Lothaller, Maria Luger, Bernhard Ludvik
OBJECTIVE: Structured obesity treatment programs at primary care level are becoming increasingly important. However, evidence from current treatment approaches in the long term is lacking. In view of this fact we evaluated a standardized, meal replacement-based weight loss program (myLINE®; AENGUS, Graz, Austria) according to the currently applicable guidelines. METHODS: Data of overweight and obese individuals (n = 70) who participated at least 36 months in the program were analyzed...
April 5, 2017: Obesity Facts
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376484/the-impact-of-self-criticism-and-self-reassurance-on-weight-related-affect-and-well-being-in-participants-of-a-commercial-weight-management-programme
#5
Cristiana Duarte, James Stubbs, José Pinto-Gouveia, Marcela Matos, Corinne Gale, Liam Morris, Paul Gilbert
OBJECTIVE: Certain psychological and emotional factors can undermine attempts at weight management. Previously we have found that shame and self-criticism were significantly associated with disinhibition and perceived hunger in 2,236 participants of a weight management programme. This effect was fully mediated through weight-related negative affect. The present study examined the impact of self-criticism and self-reassurance on well-being and whether it was mediated by weight-related affect in the same population...
April 4, 2017: Obesity Facts
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28351031/erratum
#6
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 28, 2017: Obesity Facts
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278496/perceived-health-status-is-obesity-perceived-as-a-risk-factor-and-disease
#7
Tommy L S Visscher, Jeroen Lakerveld, Nanna Olsen, Leanne Küpers, Sofia Ramalho, Laura Keaver, Christina Brei, Jan-Inge Bjune, Silvia Ezquerro, Volkan Yumuk
One might expect that a perception of obesity being a risk factor and disease, contributes to effective obesity prevention and management strategies. However, obesity rates continue to increase worldwide. The question arises whether obesity is truly perceived as a risk factor and a disease. This paper aims at describing perception of obesity as risk factor and disease among individuals seeking care, individuals not seeking care, the society, and different professionals having a role in the field of obesity...
2017: Obesity Facts
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28245444/balancing-upstream-and-downstream-measures-to-tackle-the-obesity-epidemic-a-position-statement-from-the-european-association-for-the-study-of-obesity
#8
Harry Rutter, Maira Bes-Rastrollo, Stefaan de Henauw, Marjaana Lahti-Koski, Susanna Lehtinen-Jacks, Dana Mullerova, Finn Rasmussen, Aila Rissanen, Tommy L S Visscher, Lauren Lissner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Obesity Facts
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219070/obesity-facts-10-successful-years
#9
Hans Hauner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Obesity Facts
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219069/predictors-of-bmi-vary-along-the-bmi-range-of-german-adults-results-of-the-german-national-nutrition-survey-ii
#10
Kilson Moon, Carolin Krems, Thorsten Heuer, Alexander Roth, Ingrid Hoffmann
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to identify predictors of BMI in German adults by considering the BMI distribution and to determine whether the association between BMI and its predictors varies along the BMI distribution. METHODS: The sample included 9,214 adults aged 18-80 years from the German National Nutrition Survey II (NVS II). Quantile regression analyses were conducted to examine the association between BMI and the following predictors: age, sports activities, socio-economic status (SES), healthy eating index-NVS II (HEI-NVS II), dietary knowledge, sleeping duration and energy intake as well as status of smoking, partner relationship and self-reported health...
2017: Obesity Facts
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190017/prevalence-of-food-addiction-as-measured-with-the-yale-food-addiction-scale-2-0-in-a-representative-german-sample-and-its-association-with-sex-age-and-weight-categories
#11
Carolin Hauck, Annegret Weiß, Erica Marla Schulte, Adrian Meule, Thomas Ellrott
BACKGROUND/AIMS: To assess the prevalence and correlates of addictive-like eating behavior in Germany. METHODS: The German version of the Yale Food Addiction Scale (YFAS) 2.0 was used to investigate, for the first time, the prevalence of 'food addiction' in a representative sample aged 18-65 years (N = 1,034). RESULTS: The prevalence of 'food addiction' measured by the YFAS 2.0 was 7.9%. Individuals meeting criteria for 'food addiction' had higher BMI and were younger than individuals not meeting the threshold...
2017: Obesity Facts
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190010/variations-in-the-prevalence-of-obesity-among-european-countries-and-a-consideration-of-possible-causes
#12
John E Blundell, Jennifer Lyn Baker, Emma Boyland, Ellen Blaak, Jadwiga Charzewska, Stefaan de Henauw, Gema Frühbeck, Marcela Gonzalez-Gross, Johannes Hebebrand, Lotte Holm, Vilma Kriaucioniene, Lauren Lissner, Jean-Michel Oppert, Karin Schindler, Analiza Mónica Silva, Euan Woodward
Over the last 10 years the prevalence of obesity across the European continent has in general been rising. With the exception of a few countries where a levelling-off can be perceived, albeit at a high level, this upward trend seems likely to continue. However, considerable country to country variation is noticeable, with the proportion of people with obesity varying by 10% or more. This variation is intriguing and suggests the existence of different profiles of risk or protection factors operating in different countries...
2017: Obesity Facts
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103594/attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-prevalence-and-correlates-pre-and-post-bariatric-surgery-a-comparative-cross-sectional-study
#13
Friedrich Nielsen, Ekaterini Georgiadou, Merle Bartsch, Svenja Langenberg, Astrid Müller, Martina de Zwaan
OBJECTIVE: Previous research shows an association between obesity and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). The present study compares pre- and post-bariatric surgery patients using the internationally used Conners' Adult ADHD Rating Scale (CAARS™) to screen for ADHD. METHODS: Matched samples pre- (N = 120) and post-bariatric surgery (N = 128) were compared using self-rating instruments to assess ADHD-relevant symptomatology, depression, eating-related psychopathology, and BMI...
2017: Obesity Facts
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27820925/looking-back-easo-is-celebrating-its-30th-anniversary
#14
Hans Hauner, Euan Woodward
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 8, 2016: Obesity Facts
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27701175/evaluation-of-the-obesity-genes-fto-and-mc4r-for-contribution-to-the-risk-of-large-artery-atherosclerotic-stroke-in-a-chinese-population
#15
Zhi Song, Lingling Qiu, Zhongyang Hu, Jia Liu, Ding Liu, Deren Hou
BACKGROUND: Obesity is a well-established risk factor for large artery atherosclerotic (LAA) stroke. The aim of the study was to explore whether obesity genes, such as MC4R and FTO, contribute to LAA stroke risk in the Chinese Han population. METHODS: 322 LAA stroke patients and 473 controls were recruited. Gene polymorphism of MC4R (rs17782313) and FTO (rs8050136 and rs9939609) were genotyped. RESULTS: No differences were observed in genotype frequencies of variants of FTO (rs8050136 and rs9939609) or MC4R (rs17782313) between LAA stroke patients and control subjects...
October 5, 2016: Obesity Facts
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27701174/changes-in-waist-circumference-among-german-adults-over-time-compiling-results-of-seven-prospective-cohort-studies
#16
Marjolein Haftenberger, Gert B M Mensink, Susanne Vogt, Barbara Thorand, Annette Peters, Beatrice Herzog, Saskia Hartwig, Karin Halina Greiser, Till Ittermann, Sabine Schipf, Henry Völzke, Benedikt Merz, Ute Nöthlings, Manja Koch, Jasmine Neamat-Allah, Verena Katzke, Rudolf Kaaks, Heiner Boeing, Ursula Bachlechner, Christa Scheidt-Nave, Anja Schienkiewitz
AIM: This study aims to quantify longitudinal changes in waist circumference (WC) among adults aged 45-64 years in Germany. METHODS: Data of 15,444 men and 17,207 women from one nationwide and six regional prospective German cohort studies were analyzed. The sex-specific mean change in WC per year of follow-up was assessed for each study separately. Findings from the cohort-by-cohort analysis were combined by applying meta-analytic methods. Progression to central obesity (WC ≥ 102 cm in men and ≥ 88 cm in women) within a standardized period of 10 years was described for each study...
October 5, 2016: Obesity Facts
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27701173/inhibitory-control-and-hedonic-response-towards-food-interactively-predict-success-in-a-weight-loss-programme-for-adults-with-obesity
#17
Timo Brockmeyer, Maria Hamze Sinno, Mandy Skunde, Mudan Wu, Annika Woehning, Gottfried Rudofsky, Hans-Christoph Friederich
OBJECTIVE: Low inhibitory control and strong hedonic response towards food are considered to contribute to overeating and obesity. Based on previous research, the present study aimed at examining the potentially crucial interplay between these two factors in terms of long-term weight loss in people with obesity. METHODS: BMI, inhibitory control towards food, and food liking were assessed in obese adults prior to a weight reduction programme (OPTIFAST® 52). After the weight reduction phase (week 13) and the weight loss maintenance phase (week 52), participants' BMI was re-assessed...
October 5, 2016: Obesity Facts
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27701155/long-term-follow-up-is-essential-to-assess-outcome-of-gastric-banding-in-morbidly-obese-adolescents-a-retrospective-analysis
#18
Givan F Paulus, Gerdy Konings, Nicole D Bouvy, L W Ernest van Heurn, Jan Willem Greve
BACKGROUND: Adolescent obesity is rapidly becoming more prevalent and is associated with chronic health conditions and psychosocial morbidity. Lifestyle intervention is often ineffective in morbidly obese adolescents, and bariatric surgery is gradually becoming an accepted treatment. However, little is known about long-term results. METHODS: Hospital charts of patients who had undergone gastric banding more than 5 years ago at an age of 18 years or younger, were retrospectively analyzed...
October 5, 2016: Obesity Facts
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27701156/improving-peripheral-and-central-vascular-adjustments-during-exercise-through-a-training-program-in-adolescents-with-obesity
#19
Valérie Julian, David Thivel, Bruno Pereira, Frédéric Costes, Ruddy Richard, Martine Duclos
OBJECTIVE: The effects of a training program (TP) on muscle microvascularization during exercise remained to be explored in adolescents with obesity. We hypothesized that a TP would lead to better microvascular adaptations to exercise in skeletal muscle. METHODS: 15 inactive adolescents followed a 12-week TP where both peripheral (muscular microvascularization) and central (cardiac) adaptations to exercise (40 min exercise set at 70% V̇O2peak) were assessed before and after intervention...
October 4, 2016: Obesity Facts
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28013298/body-dissatisfaction-in-individuals-with-obesity-compared-to-normal-weight-individuals-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
Natascha-Alexandra Weinberger, Anette Kersting, Steffi G Riedel-Heller, Claudia Luck-Sikorski
BACKGROUND: Body dissatisfaction has been identified as a psychological correlate of obesity that is related to disordered eating, poor self-esteem, and depression. However, not all individuals with obesity are equally vulnerable to these correlates, and 'normative discontent' is present in individuals with normal weight, too. In this light, the complex relationship of body image and individual weight status seems like a worthwhile direction of research inquiry. As such, this review aims to systematically explore the degree of body dissatisfaction in individuals with obesity compared to normal-weight individuals...
2016: Obesity Facts
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