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Obesity Facts

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May 9, 2018: Obesity Facts
Chikanobu Sonoda, Hideki Fukuda, Masayasu Kitamura, Hideaki Hayashida, Yumiko Kawashita, Reiko Furugen, Zenya Koyama, Toshiyuki Saito
OBJECTIVE: This study was conducted to understand how eating speed and oral health condition are associated with obesity in Japanese working men. METHODS: We studied a total of 863 men attending an annual medical checkup of the Japanese Maritime Self Defense Force in Sasebo City, Japan. Participants answered a questionnaire about their eating speed, and we examined their anthropometric status in terms of BMI, waist circumference, and oral health condition, especially periodontal disease and number of functional teeth...
April 18, 2018: Obesity Facts
Rebecca L Pearl, Thomas A Wadden, Jena Shaw Tronieri, Ariana M Chao, Naji Alamuddin, Zayna M Bakizada, Emilie Pinkasavage, Robert I Berkowitz
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Sociocultural and familial factors associated with weight bias internalization (WBI) are currently unknown. The present study explored the relationship between interpersonal sources of weight stigma, family weight history, and WBI. METHODS: Participants with obesity (N = 178, 87.6% female, 71.3% black) completed questionnaires that assessed the frequency with which they experienced weight stigma from various interpersonal sources. Participants also reported the weight status of their family members and completed measures of WBI, depression, and demographics...
April 14, 2018: Obesity Facts
Cathrine Lawaetz Wimmelmann, Rikke Lund, Trine Flensborg-Madsen, Ulla Christensen, Merete Osler, Erik Lykke Mortensen
OBJECTIVE: The study examined cross-sectional associations of personality with BMI and obesity among men and women in a large late midlife community sample. METHODS: The sample comprised 5,286 Danish individuals aged 49-63 years from the Copenhagen Ageing and Midlife Biobank (CAMB) with complete information on measured BMI, personality assessed by the NEO Five Factor Inventory (NEO FFI), and sociodemographic factors including sex, age and educational length. Analysis of variance and logistic regression models were used to investigate associations between personality and BMI as well as obesity...
April 10, 2018: Obesity Facts
Zoltan Pataky, Isabelle Carrard, Valerie Gay, Aurélien Thomas, Anne Carpentier, Elisabetta Bobbioni-Harsch, Alain Golay
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of weight loss on endocannabinoids, cardiometabolic and psychological parameters, eating disorders (ED) as well as quality of life (QoL) and to elucidate the role of endocannabinoids in metabolic syndrome (MS). METHODS: In total, 114 patients with obesity were prospectively included in a 12-month weight loss program. Plasma endocannabinoids were measured by mass spectrometry; ED, psychological and QoL-related parameters were evaluated by self-reported questionnaires; physical activity was measured by accelerometer...
April 10, 2018: Obesity Facts
Meeke Hoedjes, Sabine Makkes, Jutka Halberstadt, Hanneke Noordam, Carry M Renders, Judith E Bosmans, Olga H van der Baan-Slootweg, Jacob C Seidell
OBJECTIVE: To examine changes in generic and weight-related, health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in children and adolescents with severe obesity participating in intensive lifestyle treatment, and to examine whether changes in SDS-BMI were associated with changes in HRQoL. METHODS: In this prospective observational study, a referred sample of 120 children and adolescents (8-19 years) with severe obesity (SDS-BMI ≥ 3.0, or ≥ 2.3 in combination with obesity-related comorbidity) received an intensive 1-year lifestyle treatment with an inpatient period in a specialized childhood obesity center...
April 10, 2018: Obesity Facts
Astrid Müller, Laurence Claes, Dirk Smits, Kathrin Schag, Martina de Zwaan
OBJECTIVE: The study aimed at investigating the lifetime prevalence of 22 self-harm behaviors in bariatric surgery candidates (pre-bariatric surgery group; PSG) compared to community controls with obesity (obese community group; OCG). METHODS: The Self-Harm Inventory (SHI) was administered to the PSG (n = 139, BMI ≥ 35 kg/m2) and to the OCG (n = 122, BMI ≥ 35 kg/m2). RESULTS: Group comparison of cumulative SHI scores indicated a trend towards less endorsed SHI items in the PSG compared to the OCG (medianPSG = 1...
April 10, 2018: Obesity Facts
Johanna Giuranna, Anna-Lena Volckmar, Anna Heinen, Triinu Peters, Börge Schmidt, Anne Spieker, Helena Straub, Harald Grallert, Timo D Müller, Jochen Antel, Ute Haußmann, Hans Klafki, Rui Liangyou, Johannes Hebebrand, Anke Hinney
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to determine the effect of human SH2B1 variants on leptin and insulin signaling, which are major regulators of energy homeostasis, on the RNA level. METHODS: We analyzed the expression of infrequent alleles of seven SH2B1 variants (Arg67Cys, Lys150Arg, Thr175Ala, Thr343Met, Thr484Ala, Ser616Pro, and Pro689Leu) in response to insulin or leptin cell stimulation. Two of these were identified in own mutation screens, the others were predicted to be deleterious or to serve as controls...
April 10, 2018: Obesity Facts
Rebecca J Beeken, Sundus Mahdi, Fiona Johnson, Susanne F Meisel
OBJECTIVES: This study investigates whether health and appearance consequences predict intentions to prevent weight gain and whether these relationships differ in younger versus older adults and in men versus women. METHODS: UK adults aged 18-26 years (younger adults; n = 584) or >45 years (older adults; n = 107) participated in an online survey. Logistic regression assessed associations between intentions to avoid gaining weight and age, gender as well as perceived negative consequences of weight gain for health and appearance...
March 21, 2018: Obesity Facts
Pinar Karakaya, Bahar Ozdemir, Meral Mert, Yildiz Okuturlar
AIM: The sodium-sparing effect of insulin leads to increase in total sodium pool of the body which is a chronic stimulus for atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP). In our study we aimed to determine the relationship between ANP and microvascular complications of diabetes. METHODS: 60 patients, 30-70 years old, with the diagnosis of type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) are enrolled into the study. Patients with a chronic disease other than DM are excluded. Blood samples for routine biochemical tests are taken after at least 12 h fasting at 8-9 am...
2018: Obesity Facts
Eliana V Carraça, Inês Santos, Jutta Mata, Pedro J Teixeira
OBJECTIVE: Systematically identifying pretreatment characteristics that predict successful weight management is important to improve intervention efficacy and clinical practice. This study provides a comprehensive update of a 2005 review on pretreatment predictors of successful weight management. METHODS: Results of 37 recent original studies from peer-reviewed journals were merged with the results from the 2005 review. A critical appraisal of the 66 studies included was provided, and meta-analyses were performed when feasible...
2018: Obesity Facts
Eun Young Lee, Borami Kang, Yeoree Yang, Hae Kyung Yang, Hun-Sung Kim, Sun-Young Lim, Jin-Hee Lee, Seong-Su Lee, Byung-Kyu Suh, Kun-Ho Yoon
OBJECTIVE: To investigate behavioral factors that contribute to the development of obesity among overweight children. METHODS: Among a community sample of 884 children aged 9-13 years, 833 children completed a baseline and 1-year follow-up examination that included anthropometrics, physical fitness, and behavioral factors. RESULTS: During the follow-up period, BMI for most children with normal weight or obesity did not change. However, among overweight children (n = 100), about one-third developed obesity (n = 26), while the others were categorized as normal weight (n = 32) or overweight (n = 42) after 1 year...
2018: Obesity Facts
Tiago Fernandes, Lilian Casaes, Úrsula Soci, Andre Silveira, João Gomes, Diego Barretti, Fernanda Roque, Edilamar Oliveira
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of aerobic exercise training (AET) on cardiac miRNA-16 levels and its target gene VEGF related to microvascular rarefaction in obese Zucker rats (OZR). METHODS: OZR (n = 11) and lean (L; n = 10) male rats were assigned into 4 groups: OZR, trained OZR (OZRT), L and trained L (LT). Swimming exercise training lasted 60 min, 1×/day/10 weeks, with 4% body weight workload. Cardiac angiogenesis was assessed by histological analysis (periodic acid-Schiff) by calculating the capillary/fiber ratio...
2018: Obesity Facts
Gian Mauro Manzoni, Alessandro Rossi, Nicoletta Marazzi, Fiorenza Agosti, Alessandra De Col, Giada Pietrabissa, Gianluca Castelnuovo, Enrico Molinari, Allessandro Sartorio
OBJECTIVE: This study was aimed to examine the feasibility, validity, and reliability of the Italian Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory Multidimensional Fatigue Scale (PedsQL™ MFS) for adult inpatients with severe obesity. METHODS: 200 inpatients (81% females) with severe obesity (BMI ≥ 35 kg/m2) completed the PedsQL MFS (General Fatigue, Sleep/Rest Fatigue and Cognitive Fatigue domains), the Fatigue Severity Scale, and the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale immediately after admission to a 3-week residential body weight reduction program...
2018: Obesity Facts
Hsin-Hui Shao, Lee-Ching Hwang, Jian-Pei Huang, Hsin-Yin Hsu
OBJECTIVE: Excess postpartum weight retention (PPWR) is related to long-term weight gain. Therefore, this study was conducted to identify the risk factors for PPWR to provide guidance for preventive strategies. METHODS: This cohort study surveyed 461 women who gave birth at a medical center between March 2014 and March 2016. The participants completed a questionnaire within 1 month of delivery, and their 6-month postpartum weight was tracked. RESULTS: The results showed that the mean pre-pregnancy BMI was 21...
2018: Obesity Facts
Merthan Tunay, Hatice Kurdak, Sevgi Özcan, Çiğdem Özdemir, Zeliha Yelda Özer
OBJECTIVE: Lifestyle modification requires extensive information sharing and counseling. However, one-on-one primary care consultations are lacking to cover all necessary components due to time constraints. This preliminary study aims to investigate the feasibility and effects of lifestyle-changing intervention by family physician-led group visits (GVs) on weight management in overweight and obese women. METHODS: 60 volunteers fulfilling the inclusion criteria were enrolled...
2018: Obesity Facts
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 19, 2017: Obesity Facts
Pedro J Teixeira, Marta M Marques
Health behavior change is central in obesity management. Due to its complexity, there has been a growing body of research on: i) the factors that predict the adoption and maintenance of health behaviors, ii) the development and testing of theories that conceptualize relationships among these factors and with health behaviors, and iii) how these factors can be implemented in effective behavior change interventions, considering characteristics of the content (techniques) and delivery. This short review provides an overview of advances in behavior change science theories and methods, focusing on obesity management, and includes a discussion of the main challenges imposed by this research field...
2017: Obesity Facts
Caroline Himbert, Henry Thompson, Cornelia M Ulrich
BACKGROUND: Altered levels of markers of oxidative stress, DNA repair, and telomere integrity have been detected in obese individuals and may underlie the pathogenesis of obesity-related diseases. However, whether or not such effects are reversed by intentional weight loss has not been systematically reviewed. METHODS: A literature search in PubMed/Medline identified 2,388 articles of which 21 studies (randomized controlled trial (RCT) (n = 10) and non-randomized intervention studies (n = 11)) were classified as testing the effects of intentional weight loss on i) oxidative stress (n = 15), ii) DNA repair (n = 2), and iii) telomere length (n = 4)...
2017: Obesity Facts
Maria Luger, Max Lafontan, Maira Bes-Rastrollo, Eva Winzer, Volkan Yumuk, Nathalie Farpour-Lambert
OBJECTIVE: Partly inconsistent findings from previous reviews have fueled discussions on the impact of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) on obesity development. The aim was to systematically review the recent evidence in children and adults. METHODS: Data were retrieved from the databases MEDLINE, EMBASE, and Cochrane library for the period January 2013 to October 2015. A systematic review of prospective cohort studies and randomized controlled trials (RCTs) relating SSBs to weight measures was conducted...
2017: Obesity Facts
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