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Obesity Facts

Nathaly Torres-Castillo, Jorge Antonio Silva-Gómez, Wendy Campos-Perez, Elisa Barron-Cabrera, Ivan Hernandez-Cañaveral, Mary Garcia-Cazarin, Yolanda Marquez-Sandoval, Karina Gonzalez-Becerra, Carlos Barron-Gallardo, Erika Martinez-Lopez
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to analyze dietary ω-6:ω-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) ratio and its association with adiposity and serum adiponectin levels in a Mexican population. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, individuals with a BMI ≥ 18.5 kg/m2, were classified using four methods to measure adiposity. Parameters of body composition were measured by InBody 3.0. Diet intake was evaluated prospectively using a 3-day written food record. Serum high-molecular weight adiponectin isoform was measured using an ELISA assay...
2018: Obesity Facts
Ivan Ivanovich Dedov, Galina Afanasievna Melnichenko, Ekaterina Anatolievna Troshina, Natalya Valentinovna Mazurina, Marina Olegovna Galieva
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to assess the effectiveness and safety of long-term sibutramine therapy in routine clinical practice. METHODS: In total, 98,774 patients (82.3% women, 17.7% men) from 142 cities of the Russian Federation were enrolled in the PRIMAVERA program. The mean age of the patients was 39.39 ± 10.38 years, the mean body weight was 99.1 ± 14.28 kg, and the mean BMI was 35.7 ± 4.41 kg/m2. The duration of the sibutramine therapy was determined by physicians: 59...
2018: Obesity Facts
Dorien Reijnders, Gijs H Goossens, Gerben D A Hermes, Hauke Smidt, Erwin G Zoetendal, Ellen E Blaak
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the impact of gut microbiota manipulation on fasting and postprandial skeletal muscle metabolism in humans. METHODS: 40 obese, insulin-resistant males were randomized to amoxicillin (broad-spectrum antibiotic), vancomycin (narrow-spectrum antibiotic), or placebo (7 days, 1,500 mg/day). Before and after treatment, forearm blood flow and metabolite fluxes across forearm muscle were measured under fasting and postprandial (high-fat mixed-meal) conditions...
2018: Obesity Facts
Xin Zhou, Bingfeng Xing, Guanheng He, Xiaozhou Lyu, Yi Zeng
OBJECTIVE: Aging which is accompanied by loss of skeletal muscle and increase of body fat in some adults older than 60 years does not only result in remarkable influences on daily life function but also increases the risk of cardiovascular events. This study used electrical acupuncture together with essential amino acid supplementation to treat sarcopenic obesity (SO) in male older adults. METHODS: A total of 48 male participants with SO (>60 years old) were randomized to electrical acupuncture with oral essential amino acids (EA + AA) or oral essential amino acids alone (AA)...
2018: Obesity Facts
Hagen Wulff, Petra Wagner
BACKGROUND: To address the challenge of juvenile obesity, effective therapeutic concepts focusing on lifestyle changes are necessary. A relevant aspect is the media use, which is associated with nutrition and physical activity patterns and is influenced by socio-demographic factors. To optimise obesity therapy, the use of media depending on these socio-demographic factors needs to be analysed to adjust the aims, content and methods of interventions as well as to harness the potential of media use in obesity therapy...
2018: Obesity Facts
Rocco Barazzoni, Stephan Bischoff, Yves Boirie, Luca Busetto, Tommy Cederholm, Dror Dicker, Hermann Toplak, Andre Van Gossum, Volkan Yumuk, Roberto Vettor
The prevalence of overweight and obesity has reached epidemic proportions worldwide due to increasingly pervasive obesogenic lifestyle changes. Obesity poses unprecedented individual, social, and multidisciplinary medical challenges by increasing the risk for metabolic diseases, chronic organ failures, and cancer as well as complication rates in the presence of acute disease conditions. Whereas reducing excess adiposity remains the fundamental pathogenic treatment for obese individuals, complex metabolic and lifestyle abnormalities as well as weight reduction therapies per se may also compromise the ability to preserve muscle function and mass, especially when chronic disease co-exists with obesity...
2018: Obesity Facts
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Obesity Facts
Rafaela Rosário, Renata Barros, Patrícia Padrão, Rute Santos, Vitor Hugo Teixeira, Oscar Lopes, Nelson Andrade, Andre Moreira, Pedro Moreira
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the associations between height and BMI categories in a Portuguese representative sample. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study with a representative sample of 32,644 Portuguese adults (52.4% females). Sociodemographic and lifestyle characteristics were obtained along with self-reported height and weight. We performed generalized linear models to assess the differences in attained height across BMI categories; analyses were adjusted for age, gender, education, family income per month, proxy reporting information, dietary patterns, and smoking...
2018: Obesity Facts
Elisabeth Leehr, Katrin Elisabeth Giel, Norbert Schaeffeler, Isabelle Mack, Ansgar Thiel, Guido Zurstiege, Stephan Zipfel
OBJECTIVE: We investigated how individuals with normal weight (NW) versus individuals with obesity (OB) visually explore human bodies varying in BMI. METHODS: 16 OB (BMI 37.5 ± 7.7 kg/m²) and 35 NW (BMI 21.5 ± 1.6 kg/m²) visually explored 35 natural photographs and 25 avatars depicting male and female bodies ranging from normal weight to obesity. Gaze behaviour was assessed using eye tracking technology. Additionally, participants rated the attractiveness of all body stimuli...
2018: Obesity Facts
Susann Weihrauch-Blüher, Kartin Kromeyer-Hauschild, Christine Graf, Kurt Widhalm, Ulrike Korsten-Reck, Birgit Jödicke, Jana Markert, Manfred James Müller, Anja Moss, Martin Wabitsch, Susanna Wiegand
OBJECTIVE: Current guidelines for prevention of obesity in childhood and adolescence are discussed. METHODS: A literature search was performed in Medline via PubMed, and appropriate studies were analyzed. RESULTS: Programs to prevent childhood obesity have so far remained mainly school-based and effects have been limited. Analyses by age group show that prevention programs have the best results in younger children (<12 years). Evidence-based recommendations for pre-school- and early school-aged children indicate the need for interventions that address parents and teachers alike...
2018: Obesity Facts
Kurt Widhalm, Oliver Helk, Otmar Pachinger
OBJECTIVES: Obesity in children and adolescents is a worldwide dramatic health problem, for which treatment is mostly unsuccessful. Therefore, prevention is the most important measure to tackle this problem. The 'EDDY' study as an interventional cohort study with a 1-year lifestyle intervention aimed to affect the lifestyle and nutrition habits of adolescents by intervention with nutritional training and sports programs to prevent obesity. METHODS: Four Viennese schools were cluster-randomized into an intervention group and a control group...
2018: Obesity Facts
Kurt Widhalm
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Obesity Facts
Carl-Erik Flodmark
The impact of childhood obesity on the Swedish Health Care system is described. Childhood Obesity and Diabetes Type 2 is increasing for the last 10 years, but not Diabetes Type 1. Thus, prevention is needed. How to define prevention of obesity? Could treatment of childhood obesity be regarded as prevention of adult obesity? Of course it could, but we are lacking a long term follow-up from childhood to adulthood. However, we know that childhood obesity is a risk factor for adult disease. But we need long-lasting results in children to being able to state that we have prevented adult obesity...
2018: Obesity Facts
Susanne Ring-Dimitriou, Thomas Freudenthaler, Verena Aistleitner, Gertrude Horvath, Julia Stallinger, Minas Dimitriou, Elisabeth Ardelt-Gattinger, Daniel Weghuber
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of early childhood overweight and obesity in Austria has reached average European levels of 20% in boys and 18% in girls. The rationale and study protocol of SALTO, Salzburg Together against Obesity will be presented, which is aimed to assist adults in increasing the rate of 4- to 6-year-old children with a healthy body weight. METHODS: A controlled longitudinal sequential study design consisting of 14 intervention (IK) and 8 control (CK) kindergarten was used to investigate the effect of actions tailored for teachers and parents on BMI among 4- to 6-year-old children...
2018: Obesity Facts
Mehdi Menai, Hélène Charreire, Pilar Galan, Chantal Simon, Julie-Anne Nazare, Camille Perchoux, Christiane Weber, Christophe Enaux, Serge Hercberg, Léopold Fezeu, Jean-Michel Oppert
BACKGROUND: Research on the associations between walking and cycling with obesity-related phenotypes is growing but relies mostly on the use of BMI. The purpose of this study was to analyze associations of walking and cycling behaviors assessed separately with various obesity markers in French adults. METHODS: In 12,776 adult participants (71.3% women) of the on-going NutriNet Santé web-cohort, we assessed by self-report past-month walking and cycling (for commuting, errands and leisure), and obesity measures were taken during a visit at a clinical center (weight, height, waist circumference, and percent body fat by bioimpedance)...
2018: Obesity Facts
Johannes Carl, Hendrik K Thedinga, Stephan Zipfel, Ansgar Thiel
OBJECTIVE: There is a need for more experimental research on weight stigma and physical activity, specifically among men with obesity. Yet, validated procedures are required. The goal of this study was i) to develop a 10-min video instrument for the experimental induction of physical activity-related weight stigma (including a neutral control video), and ii) to collect information with regards to its content, face, construct, and criterion validity. METHODS: To ensure content and face validity, two experts gave repeated feedback on the video development...
2018: Obesity Facts
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Obesity Facts
Viktoria Anna Kovacs, Marta Bakacs, Csilla Kaposvari, Eva Illes, Gergo Erdei, Eva Martos, Joao Breda
AIMS: To describe the prevalence of thinness, overweight, and obesity in Hungarian children (age 7.0-7.9 years) according to different classifications, to assess the progress between 2010 and 2016, and to investigate whether tendencies differ according to gender. METHODS: A national representative sample was generated by two-stage cluster sampling, and a total of 2,651 children (50.9% boys; age 7.49 ± 0.3 years) were measured (weight and height) in October 2016...
2018: Obesity Facts
Ke Lu, Xiaoyan Chen, Jianhua Yan, Xinchun Li, Chen Huang, Qi Wan, Xuelian Deng, Qiao Zou
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the utility of intravoxel incoherent motion-diffusion weighted imaging (IVIM-DWI) derived parameters in hypothalamus for monitoring the effect of Exendin-4 (Ex-4) intervention on the feeding behavior in obese diabetic rats within early feeding. METHODS: 21 obese and 19 non-obese rats which were treated with streptozotocin injections were initially divided into an obese diabetes group (OD, n = 10), a non-obese diabetes group (D, n = 8), an obese group (O, n = 9) and a non-obese group (N, n = 9)...
2018: Obesity Facts
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Obesity Facts
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