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Journal of Hematology & Oncology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335793/thrombus-leukocytes-exhibit-more-endothelial-cell-specific-angiogenic-markers-than-peripheral-blood-leukocytes-do-in-acute-coronary-syndrome-patients-suggesting-a-possibility-of-trans-differentiation-a-comprehensive-database-mining-study
#1
Hangfei Fu, Nish Vadalia, Eric R Xue, Candice Johnson, Luqiao Wang, William Y Yang, Claudette Sanchez, Jun Nelson, Qian Chen, Eric T Choi, Jian-Xing Ma, Jun Yu, Hong Wang, Xiaofeng Yang
BACKGROUND: Current angiogenic therapies for cancers and cardiovascular diseases have not yet achieved expected benefits, which reflects the need for improved understanding of angiogenesis. In this study, we focused on solving the problem of whether tissues have different angiogenic potentials (APs) in physiological conditions and how angiogenesis is regulated in various disease conditions. METHODS: In healthy and diseased human and mouse tissues, we profiled the expression of 163 angiogenic genes, including transcription regulators (TRs), growth factors and receptors (GF/Rs), cytokines and chemokines (C/Cs), and proteases and inhibitors (P/Is)...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Hematology & Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327200/a-first-in-human-phase-1-study-of-a-hepcidin-monoclonal-antibody-ly2787106-in-cancer-associated-anemia
#2
Saroj Vadhan-Raj, Rafat Abonour, Jonathan W Goldman, David A Smith, Christopher A Slapak, Robert L Ilaria, Ramon V Tiu, Xuejing Wang, Sophie Callies, Joanne Cox, Jay L Tuttle, Yiu-Keung Lau, Eric J Roeland
BACKGROUND: Hepcidin plays a central role in iron homeostasis and erythropoiesis. Neutralizing hepcidin with a monoclonal antibody (mAb) may prevent ferroportin internalization, restore iron efflux from cells, and allow transferrin-mediated iron transport to the bone marrow. This multicenter, phase 1 study evaluated the safety, pharmacokinetics (PK), pharmacodynamics (PD), and efficacy of a fully humanized mAb (LY2787106) with high affinity for hepcidin in cancer patients with anemia...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Hematology & Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327179/pterostilbene-prevents-akt-erk-axis-mediated-polymerization-of-surface-fibronectin-on-suspended-lung-cancer-cells-independently-of-apoptosis-and-suppresses-metastasis
#3
Ying-Jan Wang, Jing-Fang Lin, Li-Hsin Cheng, Wen-Tsan Chang, Ying-Hsien Kao, Ming-Min Chang, Bour-Jr Wang, Hung-Chi Cheng
BACKGROUND: Polymeric fibronectin (polyFN) assembled on suspended breast cancer cells is required for metastasis. Conceivably, drugs that target such polyFN may fight against cancer metastasis. While stilbene analogs trigger pro-apoptotic effect on attached cancer cells, whether they prevent polyFN assembly and metastasis of suspended cancer cells via an apoptosis-independent manner remains unexplored. METHODS: We depleted suspended Lewis lung carcinoma (LLC) cells of polyFN by silencing the endogenous FN expression or pterostilbene (PS) to examine whether metastasis of lung cancer cells could thus be suppressed...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Hematology & Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320480/a-novel-melittin-nano-liposome-exerted-excellent-anti-hepatocellular-carcinoma-efficacy-with-better-biological-safety
#4
LETTER
Jie Mao, Shujun Liu, Min Ai, Zhuo Wang, Duowei Wang, Xianjing Li, Kaiyong Hu, Xinghua Gao, Yong Yang
Melittin is the main effective component of bee venom and has extensive biological functions; however, serious side effects have restricted its clinical application. Preclinical and clinical studies showed that the main adverse events were allergic reaction and pain at the administration site. To decrease the toxicity, we prepared melittin nano-liposomes by encapsulating melittin with poloxamer 188 and explored the inhibitory activities on liver cancer together with biological safety. Here, we showed that melittin nano-liposomes significantly inhibited the survival of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cells in vitro and prominently suppressed the growth of subcutaneous and orthotopic HCC transplantation tumors in vivo...
March 20, 2017: Journal of Hematology & Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302137/mutations-of-crebbp-and-socs1-are-independent-prognostic-factors-in-diffuse-large-b-cell-lymphoma-mutational-analysis-of-the-sakk-38-07-prospective-clinical-trial-cohort
#5
Darius Juskevicius, David Jucker, Dirk Klingbiel, Christoph Mamot, Stephan Dirnhofer, Alexandar Tzankov
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Recently, the mutational background of diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL) has been revealed, identifying specific genetic events that drive lymphomagenesis. However, the prognostic value of these mutations remains to be determined. Prognostic biomarkers in DLBCL are urgently needed, since the current clinical parameter-based factors (e.g., International Prognostic Index (IPI)) are insufficient, particularly in identifying patients with poor prognosis who might benefit from alternative treatments...
March 17, 2017: Journal of Hematology & Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298231/chidamide-in-relapsed-or-refractory-peripheral-t-cell-lymphoma-a-multicenter-real-world-study-in-china
#6
LETTER
Yuankai Shi, Bo Jia, Wei Xu, Wenyu Li, Ting Liu, Peng Liu, Weili Zhao, Huilai Zhang, Xiuhua Sun, Haiyan Yang, Xi Zhang, Jie Jin, Zhengming Jin, Zhiming Li, Lugui Qiu, Mei Dong, Xiaobing Huang, Yi Luo, Xiaodong Wang, Xin Wang, Jianqiu Wu, Jingyan Xu, Pingyong Yi, Jianfeng Zhou, Hongming He, Lin Liu, Jianzhen Shen, Xiaoqiong Tang, Jinghua Wang, Jianmin Yang, Qingshu Zeng, Zhihui Zhang, Zhen Cai, Xiequn Chen, Kaiyang Ding, Ming Hou, Huiqiang Huang, Xiaoling Li, Rong Liang, Qifa Liu, Yuqin Song, Hang Su, Yuhuan Gao, Lihong Liu, Jianmin Luo, Liping Su, Zimin Sun, Huo Tan, Huaqing Wang, Jingwen Wang, Shuye Wang, Hongyu Zhang, Xiaohong Zhang, Daobin Zhou, Ou Bai, Gang Wu, Liling Zhang, Yizhuo Zhang
The efficacy and safety of chidamide, a new subtype-selective histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitor, have been demonstrated in a pivotal phase II clinical trial, and chidamide has been approved by the China Food and Drug Administration (CFDA) as a treatment for relapsed or refractory peripheral T cell lymphoma (PTCL). This study sought to further evaluate the real-world utilization of chidamide in 383 relapsed or refractory PTCL patients from April 2015 to February 2016 in mainland China. For patients receiving chidamide monotherapy (n = 256), the overall response rate (ORR) and disease control rate (DCR) were 39...
March 15, 2017: Journal of Hematology & Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288656/incorporation-of-a-hinge-domain-improves-the-expansion-of-chimeric-antigen-receptor-t-cells
#7
Le Qin, Yunxin Lai, Ruocong Zhao, Xinru Wei, Jianyu Weng, Peilong Lai, Baiheng Li, Simiao Lin, Suna Wang, Qiting Wu, Qiubin Liang, Yangqiu Li, Xuchao Zhang, Yilong Wu, Pentao Liu, Yao Yao, Duanqing Pei, Xin Du, Peng Li
BACKGROUND: Multiple iterations of chimeric antigen receptors (CARs) have been developed, mainly focusing on intracellular signaling modules. However, the effect of non-signaling extracellular modules on the expansion and therapeutic efficacy of CARs remains largely undefined. METHODS: We generated two versions of CAR vectors, with or without a hinge domain, targeting CD19, mesothelin, PSCA, MUC1, and HER2, respectively. Then, we systematically compared the effect of the hinge domains on the growth kinetics, cytokine production, and cytotoxicity of CAR T cells in vitro and in vivo...
March 13, 2017: Journal of Hematology & Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279189/therapeutic-strategies-of-drug-repositioning-targeting-autophagy-to-induce-cancer-cell-death-from-pathophysiology-to-treatment
#8
REVIEW
Go J Yoshida
The 2016 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine was awarded to the researcher that discovered autophagy, which is an evolutionally conserved catabolic process which degrades cytoplasmic constituents and organelles in the lysosome. Autophagy plays a crucial role in both normal tissue homeostasis and tumor development and is necessary for cancer cells to adapt efficiently to an unfavorable tumor microenvironment characterized by hypo-nutrient conditions. This protein degradation process leads to amino acid recycling, which provides sufficient amino acid substrates for cellular survival and proliferation...
March 9, 2017: Journal of Hematology & Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270163/t-all-and-thymocytes-a-message-of-noncoding-rnas
#9
REVIEW
Annelynn Wallaert, Kaat Durinck, Tom Taghon, Pieter Van Vlierberghe, Frank Speleman
In the last decade, the role for noncoding RNAs in disease was clearly established, starting with microRNAs and later expanded towards long noncoding RNAs. This was also the case for T cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia, which is a malignant blood disorder arising from oncogenic events during normal T cell development in the thymus. By studying the transcriptomic profile of protein-coding genes, several oncogenic events leading to T cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL) could be identified. In recent years, it became apparent that several of these oncogenes function via microRNAs and long noncoding RNAs...
March 7, 2017: Journal of Hematology & Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253933/mutational-profiling-of-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia-with-testicular-relapse
#10
LETTER
Ling-Wen Ding, Qiao-Yang Sun, Anand Mayakonda, Kar-Tong Tan, Wenwen Chien, De-Chen Lin, Yan-Yi Jiang, Liang Xu, Manoj Garg, Zhen-Tang Lao, Michael Lill, Henry Yang, Allen Eng Juh Yeoh, H Phillip Koeffler
Relapsed acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is the leading cause of deaths of childhood cancer. Although relapse usually happens in the bone marrow, extramedullary relapse occasionally occurs including either the central nervous system or testis (<1-2%). We selected two pediatric ALL patients who experienced testicular relapse and interrogated their leukemic cells with exome sequencing. The sequencing results and clonality analyses suggest that relapse of patient D483 directly evolved from the leukemic clone at diagnosis which survived chemotherapy...
March 2, 2017: Journal of Hematology & Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28245875/severe-nivolumab-induced-pneumonitis-preceding-durable-clinical-remission-in-a-patient-with-refractory-metastatic-lung-squamous-cell-cancer-a-case-report
#11
Hong Li, Weijie Ma, Ken Y Yoneda, Elizabeth H Moore, Yanhong Zhang, Lee L Q Pu, Garrett M Frampton, Michael Molmen, Philip J Stephens, Tianhong Li
BACKGROUND: Programmed cell death 1 (PD-1) and its ligand 1 (PD-L1) inhibitors have quickly become standard of care for patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer and increasing numbers of other cancer types. In this report, we discuss the clinical history, pathological evaluation, and genomic findings in a patient with metastatic lung squamous cell cancer (SCC) who developed severe nivolumab-induced pneumonitis preceding durable clinical remission after three doses of nivolumab...
February 28, 2017: Journal of Hematology & Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28245841/uncovering-the-roles-of-long-non-coding-rnas-in-cancer-stem-cells
#12
REVIEW
Xiaoxing Huang, Ruijing Xiao, Shan Pan, Xiangyong Yang, Wen Yuan, Zhenbo Tu, Ming Xu, Yufan Zhu, Qian Yin, Yingjie Wu, Weidong Hu, Liang Shao, Jie Xiong, Qiuping Zhang
Cancer has been a major public health problem that has threatened human life worldwide throughout history. The main causes that contribute to the poor prognosis of cancer are metastasis and recurrence. Cancer stem cells are a group of tumor cells that possess self-renewal and differentiation ability, which is a vital cause of cancer metastasis and recurrence. Long non-coding RNAs refer to a class of RNAs that are longer than 200 nt and have no potential to code proteins, some of which can be specifically expressed in different tissues and different tumors...
February 28, 2017: Journal of Hematology & Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28245838/spectrum-of-somatic-mutations-detected-by-targeted-next-generation-sequencing-and-their-prognostic-significance-in-adult-patients-with-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia
#13
LETTER
Juan Feng, Yan Li, Yujiao Jia, Qiuyun Fang, Xiaoyuan Gong, Xiaobao Dong, Kun Ru, Qinghua Li, Xingli Zhao, Kaiqi Liu, Min Wang, Zheng Tian, Yannan Jia, Ying Wang, Dong Lin, Hui Wei, Kejing Tang, Yingchang Mi, Jianxiang Wang
Target-specific next-generation sequencing technology was used to analyze 112 genes in adult patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). This sequencing mainly focused on the specific mutational hotspots. Among the 121 patients, 93 patients were B-ALL (76.9%), and 28 patients (23.1%) were T-ALL. Of the 121 patients, 110 (90.9%) harbored at least one mutation. The five most frequently mutated genes in T-ALL are NOTCH1, JAK3, FBXW7, FAT1, and NRAS. In B-ALL, FAT1, SF1, CRLF2, TET2, and PTPN1 have higher incidence of mutations...
February 28, 2017: Journal of Hematology & Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28245833/a-hybrid-of-b-and-t-lymphoblastic-cell-line-could-potentially-substitute-dendritic-cells-to-efficiently-expand-out-her-2-neu-specific-cytotoxic-t-lymphocytes-from-advanced-breast-cancer-patients-in-vitro
#14
LETTER
Sheng Chen, Feifei Gu, Kang Li, Kai Zhang, Yangyang Liu, Jinyan Liang, Wei Gao, Gang Wu, Li Liu
Adoptive transfer of cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTLs) holds promises to cure cancer. However, this treatment is hindered by lacking a robust way to specifically expand out CTLs. Here, we developed a hybrid of B lymphoblastic cell line and T lymphoblastic cell line (T2 cells) as a substitute of dendritic cells, together with irradiated autologous peripheral blood mononuclear cell (PBMC) as feeder cells and rhIL-2, to activate and expand Her-2/neu-specific CD8(+) T cells from human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (Her-2/neu) and human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-A2 double positive advanced breast cancer patients in vitro...
February 28, 2017: Journal of Hematology & Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241877/ovatodiolide-suppresses-colon-tumorigenesis-and-prevents-polarization-of-m2-tumor-associated-macrophages-through-yap-oncogenic-pathways
#15
Yan-Jiun Huang, Ching-Kuo Yang, Po-Li Wei, Thanh-Tuan Huynh, Jacqueline Whang-Peng, Tzu-Ching Meng, Michael Hsiao, Yew-Ming Tzeng, Alexander Th Wu, Yun Yen
BACKGROUND: An increased expression of Yes-associated protein (YAP1) has been shown to promote tumorigenesis in many cancer types including colon. However, the role of YAP1 in promoting colon tumorigenesis remains unclear. Here, we demonstrate that YAP1 expression is associated with M2 tumor-associated macrophage polarization and the generation of colon cancer stem-like cells. YAP1 downregulation by gene silencing or a phytochemical, ovatodiolide, not only suppresses colon cancer tumorigenesis but also prevents M2 TAM polarization...
February 28, 2017: Journal of Hematology & Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241849/metformin-potentiates-the-effect-of-arsenic-trioxide-suppressing-intrahepatic-cholangiocarcinoma-roles-of-p38-mapk-erk3-and-mtorc1
#16
Sunbin Ling, Haiyang Xie, Fan Yang, Qiaonan Shan, Haojiang Dai, Jianyong Zhuo, Xuyong Wei, Penghong Song, Lin Zhou, Xiao Xu, Shusen Zheng
BACKGROUND: Arsenic trioxide (ATO) is commonly used in the treatment of acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL), but does not benefit patients with solid tumors. When combined with other agents or radiation, ATO showed treatment benefits with manageable toxicity. Previously, we reported that metformin amplified the inhibitory effect of ATO on intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC) cells more significantly than other agents. Here, we investigated the chemotherapeutic sensitization effect of metformin in ATO-based treatment in ICC in vitro and in vivo and explored the underlying mechanisms...
February 28, 2017: Journal of Hematology & Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241846/tumor-associated-macrophages-from-basic-research-to-clinical-application
#17
REVIEW
Li Yang, Yi Zhang
The fact that various immune cells, including macrophages, can be found in tumor tissues has long been known. With the introduction of concept that macrophages differentiate into a classically or alternatively activated phenotype, the role of tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs) is now beginning to be elucidated. TAMs act as "protumoral macrophages," contributing to disease progression. TAMs can promote initiation and metastasis of tumor cells, inhibit antitumor immune responses mediated by T cells, and stimulate tumor angiogenesis and subsequently tumor progression...
February 28, 2017: Journal of Hematology & Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231804/extracellular-vesicles-mediated-noncoding-rnas-transfer-in-cancer
#18
REVIEW
Pei Ma, Yutian Pan, Wei Li, Chongqi Sun, Jie Liu, Tongpeng Xu, Yongqian Shu
Extracellular vesicles (EVs) are small membranous vesicles secreted from numerous cell types and have been found involved in cell-to-cell communication by transferring noncoding RNAs (ncRNAs) including microRNAs, long noncoding RNAs, and circular RNAs. Emerging evidence shows that EV-associated ncRNAs play important roles in a wide range of diseases, particularly in cancer where they function through regulating protein expression of the pivotal genes that make contributions to tumorigenesis. Given their stability and abundance in serum, EV-associated ncRNAs can act as new diagnostic biomarkers and new therapeutic targets for cancer...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Hematology & Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228105/mesenchymal-stromal-cells-as-vehicles-of-tetravalent-bispecific-tandab-cd3-cd19-for-the-treatment-of-b-cell-lymphoma-combined-with-ido-pathway-inhibitor-d-1-methyl-tryptophan
#19
Xiaolong Zhang, Yuanyuan Yang, Leisheng Zhang, Yang Lu, Qing Zhang, Dongmei Fan, Yizhi Zhang, Yanjun Zhang, Zhou Ye, Dongsheng Xiong
BACKGROUND: Although blinatumomab, a bispecific T cell engaging antibody, exhibits high clinical response rates in patients with relapsed or refractory B-precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia (B-ALL) and B cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (B-NHL), it still has some limitations because of its short half-life. Mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) represent an attractive approach for delivery of therapeutic agents to cancer sites owing to their tropism towards tumors, but their immunosuppression capabilities, especially induced by indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase (IDO), should also be taken into consideration...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Hematology & Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228106/long-term-treatment-with-ruxolitinib-for-patients-with-myelofibrosis-5-year-update-from-the-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-phase-3-comfort-i-trial
#20
Srdan Verstovsek, Ruben A Mesa, Jason Gotlib, Vikas Gupta, John F DiPersio, John V Catalano, Michael W N Deininger, Carole B Miller, Richard T Silver, Moshe Talpaz, Elliott F Winton, Jimmie H Harvey, Murat O Arcasoy, Elizabeth O Hexner, Roger M Lyons, Ronald Paquette, Azra Raza, Mark Jones, Deanna Kornacki, Kang Sun, Hagop Kantarjian
BACKGROUND: The randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, phase 3 COMFORT-I trial evaluated the JAK1/JAK2 inhibitor ruxolitinib in patients with intermediate-2/high-risk myelofibrosis. The primary and planned 3-year analyses of COMFORT-I data demonstrated that ruxolitinib-the first myelofibrosis-approved therapy-reduced splenomegaly and prolonged overall survival versus placebo. Here, we present the final 5-year results. METHODS: Patients managed in Australia, Canada, and the USA were randomized centrally (interactive voice response system) 1:1 to oral ruxolitinib twice daily (15 or 20 mg per baseline platelet counts) or placebo...
February 22, 2017: Journal of Hematology & Oncology
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