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Hematology/oncology and Stem Cell Therapy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100977/evaluation-of-weekly-paclitaxel-plus-carboplatin-followed-by-anthracycline-chemotherapy-on-the-neoadjuvant-treatment-of-patients-with-triple-negative-breast-cancer
#1
Aurelio B Castrellon
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness and tolerability of neoadjuvant chemotherapy with weekly paclitaxel in combination with weekly carboplatin area under curve 2 followed by anthracycline chemotherapy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This is a retrospective review of electronic medical records of patients (N = 32) with stage 1c-III triple-negative breast cancer. Patients received neoadjuvant chemotherapy with paclitaxel 80 mg/m(2) once per week for 12 weeks in combination with carboplatin area under curve 2 once per week for 12 weeks (wP + wCb), followed by a standard anthracycline regimen including either doxorubicin 60 mg/m(2) and cyclophosphamide 600 mg/m(2) every 2 or 3 weeks, or epirubicin 90 mg/m(2) and cyclophosphamide 600 mg/m(2) every 3 weeks for four cycles with myeloid growth factor support...
October 28, 2017: Hematology/oncology and Stem Cell Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100978/cd209-336a-g-promotor-polymorphism-and-its-clinical-associations-in-sickle-cell-disease-egyptian-pediatric-patients
#2
Rasha Abdel-Raouf Afifi, Dina Kamal, Riham El Sayed, Sherif M M Ekladious, Gehan H Shaheen, Sherif M Yousry, Rania Elsayed Hussein
OBJECTIVES: To detect the frequency of CD209 A>G polymorphism in sickle cell disease (SCD) Egyptian patients and to evaluate the use of CD209 A>G polymorphism as a genetic predictor of SCD clinical heterogeneity. METHODS: A total of 100 Egyptian children with SCD and 100 Egyptian controls were tested for CD209 A>G polymorphism and were followed up prospectively between June 2012 and December 2014. RESULTS: Comparison of CD209 A>G polymorphism among cases and controls did not show statistically significant difference (p = ...
October 26, 2017: Hematology/oncology and Stem Cell Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29080400/aging-and-stem-cell-therapy-ampk-as-an-applicable-pharmacological-target-for-rejuvenation-of-aged-stem-cells-and-achieving-higher-efficacy-in-stem-cell-therapy
#3
REVIEW
Mohammadhossein Khorraminejad-Shirazi, Mohammad Farahmandnia, Bahareh Kardeh, Alireza Estedlal, Sina Kardeh, Ahmad Monabati
In recent years, tissue regeneration has become a promising field for developing stem cell-based transplantation therapies for human patients. Adult stem cells are affected by the same aging mechanisms that involve somatic cells. One of the mechanisms involved in cellular aging is hyperactivation of mechanistic target of rapamycin complex 1 (mTORC1) and disruption of 5' adenosine monophosphate-activated protein kinase (AMPK). Aging of stem cells results in their impaired regenerative capacity and depletion of stem cell pools in adult tissue, which results in lower efficacy of stem cell therapy...
October 19, 2017: Hematology/oncology and Stem Cell Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079129/double-cd38-cd138-negative-multiple-myeloma
#4
Vitaliy Mykytiv, Abrar Alwaheed, Nurul Asyikin Mohd Hashim
The standard diagnosis of multiple myeloma by flow cytometry is based on selection of population of CD38(+)/CD138(+) positives cells. As the result treatment with proteasome inhibitors, CD138 may be underexpressed on atypical plasma cells. Thus, in order to improve this strategy, recently new CD138-independent method, based on CD38 positivity of plasma cells was developed. We present an unusual case of CD138(-) negative multiple myeloma which had become double CD138(-)/CD38(-) negative after treatment with daratumumab by which we would like to illustrate potential pitfalls of both strategies...
October 18, 2017: Hematology/oncology and Stem Cell Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079128/dnmt3a-r882-mutation-features-and-prognostic-effect-in-acute-myeloid-leukemia-in-coexistent-with-npm1-and-flt3-mutations
#5
Dushyant Kumar, Anurag Mehta, Manoj Kumar Panigrahi, Sukanta Nath, Kandarpa Kumar Saikia
OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND: In the absence of high-risk cytogenetic, DNMT3A mutation status has an impact on outcome in the presence of FLT3 and/or NPM1. In this study, we focus on the features and effect of DNMT3A (R882) mutation in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) in the presence or absence of NPM1 and FLT3 mutations. METHODS: A total of 174 cytogenetically normal (CN)-AML cases were analyzed for NPM1, FLT3, and DNMT3A mutations. For NPM1 mutation detection, we used the pyrosequencing technique; for FLT3 mutations, polymerase chain reaction and RFLP with ECO-RV techniques were used, and for DNMT3A mutation analysis, we used Sanger sequencing and RFLP techniques...
October 18, 2017: Hematology/oncology and Stem Cell Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079127/limited-role-of-bone-marrow-biopsy-for-detection-of-marrow-involvement-in-patients-with-hodgkin-lymphoma-from-the-middle-east-and-north-africa-region
#6
Moussab Damlaj, Gamal Gmati, Ghulam Syed, Tabrez Pasha, Hend Salama, Osama Ali, Khadega A Abuelgasim, Mohsen Al-Zahrani, Ahmad Al Askar, Ayman Alhejazi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 18, 2017: Hematology/oncology and Stem Cell Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079126/successful-treatment-of-pure-red-cell-aplasia-with-high-dose-dexamethasone-after-abo-incompatible-allogeneic-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation
#7
Rosario Varela Gómez, Goretti Vázquez Vázquez, Victor Noriega Concepción, Andrea Galego García, Concepción Andón Saavedra
The literature reports an incidence of Pure Red Cell Aplasia (PRCA) ranging from 6-30% of all cases of ABO-incompatible HSCT. Although most patients resolve spontaneously after withdrawal immunosuppression, some of them require more aggressive treatment to manage this condition.
October 18, 2017: Hematology/oncology and Stem Cell Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079125/hereditary-persistence-of-hemoglobin-f-is-protective-against-red-cell-sickling-a-case-report-and-brief-review
#8
Alexandra Sokolova, Anton Mararenko, Alexander Rozin, Alida Podrumar, Vladimir Gotlieb
Fetal hemoglobin (HbF) is a physiologic protein tetramer that is crucial for a developing fetus to survive in utero. Maternal hemoglobin has a relatively lower affinity for oxygen, and thus allows for an efficient transfer of oxygen from maternal to fetal blood. In addition to fulfilling a critical physiologic role, HbF is also known to alleviate symptoms of sickle-cell disease (SCD). The concentration of HbF depends on several factors. HbF is elevated in inherited conditions, such as hereditary persistence of HbF, hereditary spherocytosis, and thalassemia...
October 16, 2017: Hematology/oncology and Stem Cell Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29066173/anemia-in-patient-with-primary-hyperoxaluria-and-bone-marrow-involvement-by-oxalate-crystals
#9
Vitaliy Mykytiv, Fiz Campoy Garcia
We present a rare case of anaemia secondary to bone marrow infiltration by oxalate crystals and renal failure in a patient diagnosed with primary hyperoxaluria. In our case, the anaemia was recovered after the double liver and kidney transplantation, the latter was performed on two occasions after the failure of the first graft.
October 16, 2017: Hematology/oncology and Stem Cell Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28834695/multimodality-therapy-improves-survival-in-intramedullary-spinal-cord-metastasis-of-lung-primary
#10
Hayder Saeed, Reema Patel, Jigisha Thakkar, Lames Hamoodi, Li Chen, John L Villano
BACKGROUND: Most metastatic spinal cord lesions are located either in the intradural, extramedullary, or in the epidural compartments. Intramedullary spinal cord metastasis (ISCM) is a rare central nervous system spread of cancer. The aim of this report was to evaluate ISCM in the published literature. METHODS: A literature review of PubMed from 1960 to 2016 was undertaken for the publications having demographic, clinical, histological, and outcome data. RESULTS: A total of 59 relevant papers were identified, showing 128 cases of intramedullary metastasis from lung cancer...
September 2017: Hematology/oncology and Stem Cell Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27352260/paraneoplastic-pemphigus-as-a-presentation-of-acute-myeloid-leukemia-early-diagnosis-and-remission
#11
Salahuddin Siddiqui, Mohammad Bilal, Zachary Otaibi, Farshaad Bilimoria, Nihar Patel, James Rossetti
Skin lesions are frequently encountered in clinical practice which can be a presentation of systemic diseases not excluding an occult malignancy. Commonly reported paraneoplastic dermatologic manifestations include acanthosis nigricans, dermatomyositis, erythroderma, hypertrophic osteoarthropathy, Sweet syndrome, and paraneoplastic pemphigus (PNP). PNP is a rare autoimmune mucocutaneous disease characterized by severe stomatitis, polymorphic skin eruptions, and associated underlying neoplasms most commonly non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, chronic lymphocytic leukemia, and Castleman disease...
September 2017: Hematology/oncology and Stem Cell Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27352257/membranoproliferative-glomerulonephritis-and-acute-renal-failure-in-a-patient-with-chronic-lymphocytic-leukemia-response-to-obinutuzumab
#12
Punit Jain, Rashmi Kanagal-Shamanna, William Wierda, Alessandra Ferrajoli, Michael Keating, Nitin Jain
OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND: Membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis (MPGN) is a common extramedullary renal presentation in chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) and can present with either a frank renal failure or proteinuria. One of its etiologies has been attributed to a paraneoplastic, immune complex phenomenon occurring in CLL. Although there is no standard of care in such patients, use of anti-CD20 monoclonal antibodies like rituximab have been used before in such patients with variable responses...
September 2017: Hematology/oncology and Stem Cell Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867175/thrombo-hemorrhagic-liability-in-children-with-congenital-heart-diseases
#13
REVIEW
Shebl Said Shebl, Walid Ahmed Naguib El-Shehaby, Amira Hamed Darwish, Yasmin Shebl Said, Nabeh Helal Elfadaly, Eman Amer
BACKGROUND: The precise mechanisms of the increased incidence of hemostatic abnormalities in congenital heart disease (CHD) have not been determined. The aim of the study was to evaluate some indicators of activation of platelets and vascular endothelial cells in patients with CHD, evaluation of bleeding liability of these patients, and correlation with the clinical presentation of these patients. METHODS: This work was carried out on 20 patients with cyanotic congenital heart disease (CCHD), 20 patients with cyanotic congenital heart disease (ACHD), and 20 healthy children who served as the control group, aged between 1 and 10years...
August 26, 2017: Hematology/oncology and Stem Cell Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28837784/relevance-of-bone-marrow-transplantation-nursing-training-program-at-king-faisal-specialist-hospital-and-research-centre-for-national-and-regional-nurses
#14
REVIEW
Reguia Belkhedim
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 18, 2017: Hematology/oncology and Stem Cell Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28834694/ruxolitinib-for-secondary-hemophagocytic-lymphohistiocytosis-first-case-report
#15
Jonathan H Sin, Mark L Zangardi
Hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) is an immune-mediated disorder resulting in hyper-activation of inflammatory cytokines. If left untreated, the uncontrolled inflammatory response can lead to significant tissue injury and potentially life-threatening multi-organ dysfunction. Conventional immunosuppressive agents are available for the management of HLH, including dexamethasone, cyclosporine, and etoposide; however, patients may not respond to these therapies. Clinicians may turn toward alternative pharmacologic agents that likely have less clinical evidence...
August 16, 2017: Hematology/oncology and Stem Cell Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28830803/acute-promyelocytic-leukemia-in-a-patient-with-chronic-lymphocytic-leukemia-a-case-report
#16
Prajwal Boddu, Ellen Schlette, Beenu Thakral, Guillin Tang, Naveen Pemmaraju, Tapan Kadia, Alessandra Ferrajoli, Farhad Ravandi, William Wierda, Nitin Jain
Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) is known to be associated rarely with myeloid malignancies such as acute myelogenous leukemia. In this article, we report an extremely rare occurrence of acute promyelocytic leukemia in a patient with CLL. A 71-year-old man first presented to our clinic with a diagnosis of CLL and worsening motor neuropathy symptoms. It was suspected that his CLL might be contributing to the neuropathy as a paraneoplastic syndrome, and he was treated with rituximab monotherapy in weekly doses for the 1st month and monthly treatments thereafter...
August 16, 2017: Hematology/oncology and Stem Cell Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28830802/impact-of-vitamin-d-deficiency-on-increased-blood-eosinophil-counts
#17
João Tadeu Damian Souto Filho, Alícia Souza de Andrade, Felipe Mesquita Ribeiro, Paola de Araujo Sardenberg Alves, Virgínia Ribeiro Fernandes Simonini
OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND: Vitamin D has been increasingly recognized as an immunomodulatory agent. Its deficiency has been associated with immune-mediated diseases such as asthma, rhinitis, and atopic dermatitis. These allergic conditions are dependent on T-helper type 2 (Th2) cells secreting interleukins, overproduction of immunoglobulin E (IgE), and eosinophil activation. We investigated the association between serum vitamin D levels and blood absolute eosinophil count. METHODS: We carried out a cross-sectional study of 669 men and women referred to a clinical pathology laboratory who underwent 25-hydroxyvitamin D testing and complete blood count analysis on the same day...
August 16, 2017: Hematology/oncology and Stem Cell Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28830801/presence-of-fluorescent-in-situ-hybridization-abnormalities-is-associated-with-plasma-cell-burden-in-light-chain-amyloidosis
#18
Lindsay Hammons, Ruta Brazauskas, Marcelo Pasquini, Mehdi Hamadani, Parameswaran Hari, Anita D'Souza
OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND: To assess abnormalities found on CD138-enriched fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) studies on pretreated bone marrow in systemic amyloid light-chain (AL) amyloidosis and correlate findings between these abnormalities with organ involvement and 1-year survival. METHODS: We reviewed 107 patients with systemic AL to identify the impact of a diagnostic FISH study done on plasma cell clones in our institution between January 2010 and January 2015; 77 had pretreatment testing performed...
August 16, 2017: Hematology/oncology and Stem Cell Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755838/hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation-in-pakistan-country-report
#19
REVIEW
Parvez Ahmed, Tahir Sultan Shamsi, Salman Naseem Adil, Tariq Mahmood Satti, Qamar Un Nisa Chaudhry, Syed Kamran Mahmood, Kamran Rashid, Saqib Ansari, Natasha Ali, Tariq Ghafoor
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 22, 2017: Hematology/oncology and Stem Cell Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28751034/current-concepts-on-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation-outcome-registries-emphases-on-resource-requirements-for-new-registries
#20
REVIEW
Fazal Hussain, Naeem Chaudhri, Feras Alfraih, Mahmoud Aljurf
There is tremendous variability in size, scope, and resource requirements for registries depending on the number of patients and participating sites. The outcome registries are organized systems to collect uniform data using an observational study methodology. Patient registries are used to determine specified outcomes for a population for predetermined scientific, clinical, or policy purposes. Historically, outcome registries established in the development of hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) have now evolved into myriads of locoregional and international transplant activity and outcome resources...
July 19, 2017: Hematology/oncology and Stem Cell Therapy
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