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Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society

Fatih Aydemir, Ozgur Kardes, Fazilet Kayaselçuk, Kadir Tufan
Pilocytic astrocytomas (PAs) are World Heath Organization Grade I tumors and are most common in children. PA calcification is not a common finding and has been reported more frequently in the optic nerve, hypothalamic/thalamus and superficially located cerebral tumors. We present a cerebellar PA in a 3-year-old male patient with cystic components and massive calcification areas. The residual tumor grew rapidly after the first operation, and the patient was operated on again. A histopathological examination revealed polar spongioblastoma-like cells...
September 2016: Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society
Kun Soo Jang, Hyeun Sung Kim
Complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS) type II is a syndrome that develops after nerve injury. Symptoms may be severe, and vary depending on the degree of sympathetic nerve involvement. As yet, there is no satisfactory treatment. We report the case of a female patient who had an L5 left transverse process fracture and an S2 body fracture, who developed symptoms of CRPS type II in her left lower leg that were aggravated during ambulation in spite of absolute bed rest for one month after the trauma. Several treatments, including bed rest, medication, and numerous nerve blocks were attempted, but the pain persisted...
September 2016: Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society
Seong-Cheol Park, Sang Hyung Lee
Preservation of the optic nerves is an important issue in the resection of tuberculum sellae meningiomas. We report the case of a patient whose optic nerve was penetrated by a tuberculum sellae meningioma. During surgery, a bulging tumor was found to penetrate the right optic nerve. The tumor was gross totally removed, including tumors bulging through the optic nerve. Two trunks of the split optic nerve were preserved. The penetrated shape of the optic nerve may lead to misjudgment and its damage. Divided trunks of optic nerves are difficult to recognize and may be confused for the tumor capsule, because they may be thinned and seem to contain tumors...
September 2016: Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society
Jung Soo Park, Hyo Sung Kwak, Jong Myong Lee
Use of the Pipeline embolization device (PED) has increased based on studies about its safety and effectiveness, and new reports that describe peri- or postprocedural complications are now emerging. We report a rare periprocedural device-related complication that occurred during endovascular treatment with the pipeline embolization device for a dissecting aneurysm on the vertebral artery. A 55-year old woman was admitted due to left medullary infarction, and angiography showed a fusiform dilatation in the left vertebral artery that was suspicious for dissecting aneurysm...
September 2016: Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society
Hoon Kim, Seong Rim Kim, Ik Seong Park, Young Woo Kim
Cerebral venous sinus thrombosisis an uncommon entity and its clinical presentations are highly variable. We present the case of superior sagittal sinus thrombosis. Although it was medical refractory, successfully treated with mechanical thrombectomy using the Solitaire FR device. A 27-year-old man who presented with venous infarction accompanied by petechial hemorrhage secondary to the superior sagittal sinus (SSS) thrombosis. Due to rapid deterioration despite of anticoagulation therapy, the patient was taken for endovascular treatment...
September 2016: Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society
Woon Tak Yuh, Chi Heon Kim, Chun Kee Chung, Hyun-Jib Kim, Tae-Ahn Jahng, Sung Bae Park
OBJECTIVE: The pathophysiology of idiopathic Chiari malformation (CM) type 1 is disturbance of free cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) flow and restoration of normal CSF flow is the mainstay of treatment. Additional migration of the medulla oblongata in pediatric patients is referred to as CM type 1.5, but its significance in adult patients is unknown. This study is to compare surgical outcomes of adult idiopathic CM type 1.5 with that of type 1. METHODS: Thirty-eight consecutive adult patients (M : F=11 : 27; median, 33...
September 2016: Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society
Seong Ho Lee, Jae Sung Park, Young Hwan Ahn
OBJECTIVE: Microvascular decompression (MVD) for hemifacial spasm (HFS) involving the vertebral artery (VA) can be technically challenging. We investigated the therapeutic effects of a bioglue-coated Teflon sling technique on the VA during MVD in 42 cases. METHODS: A bioglue-coated Teflon sling was crafted by the surgeon and applied to patients in whom neurovascular compression was caused by the VA. The radiologic data, intra-operative findings with detailed introduction of the procedure, and the clinical outcomes of each patient were reviewed and analyzed...
September 2016: Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society
Dae-In Kim, Jae-Hoon Kim, Hee-In Kang, Byung-Gwan Moon, Joo-Seung Kim, Deok-Ryeong Kim
OBJECTIVE: Although subdural hematoma (SDH) is commonly treatable by burr hole surgery in the late subacute or chronic stage, there is no clear consensus regarding appropriate management and exact predictive factors for postoperative recurrence also remain unclear. The aim of this study was to evaluate risk factors associated with recurrence of SDH that requires burr hole surgery in the late subacute or chronic stage. We also identified the appropriate timing of surgery for reducing the recurrence...
September 2016: Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society
Jae-Sang Oh, Kyeong-Seok Lee, Jai-Joon Shim, Seok-Mann Yoon, Jae-Won Doh, Hack-Gun Bae
OBJECTIVE: Decompressive craniectomy is an effective therapy to relieve high intracranial pressure after acute brain damage. However, the optimal timing for cranioplasty after decompression is still controversial. Many authors reported that early cranioplasty may contribute to improve the cerebral blood flow and brain metabolism. However, despite all the advantages, there always remains a concern that early cranioplasty may increase the chance of infection. The purpose of this retrospective study is to investigate whether the early cranioplasty increase the infection rate...
September 2016: Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society
Seung Yoon Song, Sang Koo Lee, Ki Seong Eom
OBJECTIVE: The aims of the Korean Neuro-Trauma Data Bank System (KNTDBS) are to evaluate and improve treatment outcomes for brain trauma, prevent trauma, and provide data for research. Our purpose was to examine the mortality rates following traumatic brain injury (TBI) in a retrospective study and to investigate the sociodemographic variables, characteristics, and causes of TBI-related death based on data from the KNTDBS. METHODS: From 2010 to 2014, we analyzed the data of 2617 patients registered in the KNTDBS...
September 2016: Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society
Joohyun Kim, Junseok W Hur, Jang-Bo Lee, Jung Yul Park
OBJECTIVE: To assess the clinical and radiological factors as predictors for successful outcomes in lumbar disc herniation (LDH) treatment. METHODS: Two groups of patients with single level LDH (L4-5) requiring treatment were retrospectively studied. The surgery group (SG) included 34 patients, and 30 patients who initially refused the surgery were included in the nerve blocks group (NG). A visual analogue scale (VAS) for leg and back pain and motor deficit were initially evaluated before procedures, and repeated at 1, 6, and 12 months...
September 2016: Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society
Nam Lee, Do Heum Yoon, Keung Nyun Kim, Hyun Chul Shin, Dong Ah Shin, Yoon Ha
OBJECTIVES: The correction of clinical and radiologic abnormalities in patients with symptomatic ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament (OPLL) is the current mainstay of treatment. This study aimed to identify radiographic predictors of severity of myelopathy in patients with symptomatic OPLL. METHODS: Fifty patients with symptomatic cervical OPLL were enrolled. Based on Japanese Orthopedic Association (JOA) scores, patients were divided into either the mild myelopathy (n=31) or severe myelopathy (n=19) group...
September 2016: Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society
In Ho Lee, Elcin Zan, W Robert Bell, Peter C Burger, Heejong Sung, David M Yousem
OBJECTIVE: To determine imaging features that may separate adamantinomatous and papillary variants of craniopharyngiomas given that tumors with adamantinomatous signature features are associated with higher recurrence rates, morbidity, and mortality. We specifically reviewed calcification on CT, T1 bright signal intensity, and cystic change on T2 weighted images for differentiating these two types. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the MRI and CT studies in 38 consecutive patients with pathologically proven craniopharyngiomas between January 2004 and February 2014 for the presence of calcification on CT scans, bright signal intensity on T1 weighted images, and cystic change on T2 weighted images...
September 2016: Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society
Min-Yong Kwon, Chang-Hyun Kim, Chang-Young Lee
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to analyze the differences in the incidence, predicting factors, and clinical course of chronic subdural hematoma (CSDH) following surgical clipping between unruptured (UIA) and ruptured intracranial aneurysm (RIA). METHODS: We conducted a retrospective analysis of 752 patients (UIA : 368 and RIA : 384) who underwent surgical clipping during 8 years. The incidence and predicting factors of CSDH development in the UIA and RIA were compared according to medical records and radiological data...
September 2016: Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society
Hyoung Soo Byoun, Hyeong Joong Yi, Kyu Sun Choi, Hyoung Joon Chun, Yong Ko, Koang Hum Bak
OBJECTIVE: Subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) caused by rupture of an internal carotid artery (ICA) or vertebral artery (VA) dissecting aneuryesm is rare. Various treatment strategies have been used for ruptured intracranial dissections. The purpose of this study is to compare the clinical and angiographic characteristics and outcomes of endovascular treatment for ruptured dissecting aneurysms of the intracranial ICA and VA. METHODS: The authors retrospectively reviewed a series of patients with SAH caused by ruptured intracranial ICA and VA dissecting aneurysms from March 2009 to April 2014...
September 2016: Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society
Sang-Jin Park, Seong-Hyun Park
OBJECTIVE: Increased expression of angiogenic factors, such as vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), is associated with the pathogenesis of cerebral cavernous malformations (CCMs). The purpose of this study was to investigate plasma levels of VEGF in normal subjects and in patients with CCM and to evaluate change in these levels following stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS). METHODS: Peripheral venous blood was collected from 6 patients with CCM before SRS using Gamma Knife and at the 1 week, 1 month, 3month, and 6 month follow-up visits...
September 2016: Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society
Youngmin Han, Kyoung-Tae Kim
OBJECTIVE: Recently, regenerative therapies have been used in clinical trials (heart, cartilage, skeletal). We don't make use of these treatments to spinal cord injury (SCI) patients yet, but regenerative therapies are rising interest in recent study about SCI. Neural precursor/stem cell (NPSC) proliferation is a significant event in functional recovery of the central nervous system (CNS). However, brain NPSCs and spinal cord NPSCs (SC-NPSCs) have many differences including gene expression and proliferation...
September 2016: Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society
Tack Geun Cho, Seung Won Park, Young Baeg Kim
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to establish an animal model of chronic paraspinal muscle injury in rat. METHODS: Fifty four Sprague-Dawley male rats were divided into experimental group (n=30), sham (n=15), and normal group (n=9). Incision was done from T7 to L2 and paraspinal muscles were detached from spine and tied at each level. The paraspinal muscles were exposed and untied at 2 weeks after surgery. Sham operation was done by paraspinal muscles dissection at the same levels and wound closure was done without tying...
September 2016: Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society
Nihat Acar, Ahmet Karakasli, Ahmet A Karaarslan, Mehmet Hilal Ozcanhan, Fatih Ertem, Mehmet Erduran
OBJECTIVE: Rod-screw fixation systems are widely used for spinal instrumentation. Although many biomechanical studies on rod-screw systems have been carried out, but the effects of rod contouring on the construct strength is still not very well defined in the literature. This work examines the mechanical impact of straight, 20° kyphotic, and 20° lordotic rod contouring on rod-screw fixation systems, by forming a corpectomy model. METHODS: The corpectomy groups were prepared using ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene samples...
September 2016: Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society
Kyoung-Su Sung, Young-Jin Song, Ki-Uk Kim
The spinal dural arteriovenous fistula (SDAVF) is rare, presenting with progressive, insidious symptoms, and inducing spinal cord ischemia and myelopathy, resulting in severe neurological deficits. If physicians have accurate and enough information about vascular anatomy and hemodynamics, they achieve the good results though the surgery or endovascular embolization. However, when selective spinal angiography is unsuccessful due to neurological deficits, surgery and endovascular embolization might be failed because of inadequate information...
July 2016: Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society
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