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Tissue Engineering. Part C, Methods

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403748/a-cost-effective-method-of-atelo-collagen-type-1-3-col1-3-isolation-from-human-placenta-and-its-in-vitro-characterization-in-2d-and-3d-cell-culture-applications
#1
Johannes Hackethal, Severin Mühleder, Alexandra Hofer, Karl Heinrich Schneider, Johanna Prüller, Simone Hennerbichler, Johann Eibl, Heinz Redl, Andreas Herbert Teuschl
Pepsin-solubilized atelocollagen can be used to form highly complex three-dimensional matrices for a broad spectrum of tissue engineering applications. Moreover, it has a long history as a favorable biomaterial in pharmaceutical and medical industries. So far, the main sources for these approaches are collagens from xenogenic sources. Yet, these non-human collagens carry a risk of provoking immune reactions in patients. Here, we describe an effective method of isolating atelocollagen type 1/3 (COL1/3) from human placenta...
April 12, 2017: Tissue Engineering. Part C, Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401793/developing-a-customized-perfusion-bioreactor-prototype-with-controlled-positional-variability-in-oxygen-partial-pressure-for-bone-and-cartilage-tissue-engineering
#2
Poh Soo Lee, Hagen Eckert, Ricarda Hess, Michael Gelinsky, Derrick Rancourt, Roman Krawetz, Gianaurelio Cuniberti, Dieter Scharnweber
Skeletal development is a multi-step process that involves the complex interplay of multiple cell types at different stages of development. Besides biochemical and physical cues, oxygen tension also plays a pivotal role in influencing cell fate during skeletal development. At physiological conditions, bone cells generally reside in relatively oxygenated environment whereas the chondrocytes reside in hypoxic environment. However, it is technically challenging to achieve such defined, yet diverse oxygen distribution on traditional in vitro cultivation platforms...
April 12, 2017: Tissue Engineering. Part C, Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28372521/bone-response-to-porous-polymethylmethacrylate-cement-loaded-with-hydroxyapatite-particles-in-a-rabbit-mandibular-model
#3
Yue Sa, Na Yu, Joop G C Wolke, Nattharee Chanchareonsook, Bee Tin Goh, Yining Wang, Fang Yang, John A Jansen
The aim of the current study was to evaluate bone formation and tissue response to porous polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) cement with or without hydroxyapatite (HA) in a rabbit mandibular model. Therefore, fourteen New Zealand white rabbits were randomly divided into two groups of seven according to the designed study end points of 4 and 12 weeks. For each rabbit, two decorticated defects (6 mm in height and 10 mm in width for each) were prepared at both sides of the mandible. Subsequently, the defects were filled with respectively porous PMMA and porous PMMA-HA cement...
April 3, 2017: Tissue Engineering. Part C, Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314378/novel-cryopreservation-method-for-the-effective-collection-of-dental-pulp-stem-cells
#4
Yusuke Takebe, Seiko Tatehara, Tatsuhiro Fukushima, Reiko Tokuyama-Toda, Rika Yasuhara, Kenji Mishima, Kazuhito Satomura
Dental pulp stem cells (DPSCs) are an attractive cell source for use in cell-based therapy, regenerative medicine, and tissue engineering because DPSCs have high cell proliferation ability and multi-differentiation capacity. However, several problems are associated with the collection and preservation of DPSCs for future cell-based therapy. In addition, the isolation of DPSCs for cryopreservation is time-consuming and expensive. In this study, we developed a novel cryopreservation method for dental pulp tissues that can isolate suitable DPSCs after thawing cryopreserved tissue...
March 17, 2017: Tissue Engineering. Part C, Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406755/a-modified-hydroxyproline-assay-based-on-hydrochloric-acid-in-ehrlich-s-solution-accurately-measures-tissue-collagen-content
#5
Derek D Cissell, Jarrett M Link, Jerry C Hu, Kyriacos A Athanasiou
Collagen quantification has long been relevant to biomedical research and clinical practice to characterize tissues and determine disease states. The hydroxyproline assay, while a broadly employed method of quantifying collagen, uses perchloric acid to dissolve Ehrlich's reagent. Since perchloric acid poses occupational safety hazards and high costs, in this study, a new hydroxyproline assay was developed that replaces perchloric acid with a relatively safer and cheaper alternative, hydrochloric acid (HCl)...
April 2017: Tissue Engineering. Part C, Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406754/spheroid-coculture-of-hematopoietic-stem-progenitor-cells-and-monolayer-expanded-mesenchymal-stem-stromal-cells-in-polydimethylsiloxane-microwells-modestly-improves-in-vitro-hematopoietic-stem-progenitor-cell-expansion
#6
Kathryn Futrega, Kerry Atkinson, William B Lott, Michael R Doran
While two-dimensional (2D) monolayers of mesenchymal stem/stromal cells (MSCs) have been shown to enhance hematopoietic stem/progenitor cell (HSPC) expansion in vitro, expanded cells do not engraft long term in human recipients. This outcome is attributed to the failure of 2D culture to recapitulate the bone marrow (BM) niche signal milieu. Herein, we evaluated the capacity of a novel three-dimensional (3D) coculture system to support HSPC expansion in vitro. A high-throughput polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) microwell platform was used to manufacture thousands of uniform 3D multicellular coculture spheroids...
April 2017: Tissue Engineering. Part C, Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346794/comparative-study-of-xenobiotic-free-media-for-the-cultivation-of-human-limbal-epithelial-stem-progenitor-cells
#7
Sheyla González, Luxia Chen, Sophie X Deng
The culture of human limbal epithelial stem/progenitor cells (LSCs) in the presence of animal components poses the risk of cross-species contamination in clinical applications. We quantitatively compared different xenobiotic-free culture media for the cultivation of human LSCs. LSCs were cultured from 2 × 2 mm limbal tissue explants on denuded human amniotic membrane with different xenobiotic-free culture media: CnT-Prime (CnT-PR) supplemented with 0%, 1%, 5%, and 10% human serum (HS), embryonic stem cell medium (ESCM) alone or in combination with the standard supplemented hormonal epithelium medium (SHEM, control) at a 1:1 dilution ratio, and modified SHEM (mSHEM), in which cholera toxin and dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) were removed, isoproterenol was added, and the epidermal growth factor concentration was reduced...
April 2017: Tissue Engineering. Part C, Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338443/fluorescent-labeling-of-collagen-production-by-cells-for-noninvasive-imaging-of-extracellular-matrix-deposition
#8
Katie Bardsley, Ying Yang, Alicia J El Haj
Extracellular matrix (ECM) is an essential component of tissues and provides both integrity and biological cues for cells. Collagen is one of the major proteins found within the ECM and therefore is an essential component of all engineered tissues. Therefore, in this article, we present a method for the online real-time monitoring of collagen deposition in three-dimensional engineered constructs. This method revolves around modification of collagen through the addition of azide-L-proline to cell culture media...
April 2017: Tissue Engineering. Part C, Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338428/a-surgical-device-to-study-the-efficacy-of-bioengineered-skin-substitutes-in-mice-wound-healing-models
#9
Marc G Jeschke, Ali-Reza Sadri, Cassandra Belo, Saeid Amini-Nik
Due to the poor regenerative capacity of adult mammalian skin, there is a need to develop effective skin substitutes for promoting skin regeneration after a severe wound. However, the complexity of skin biology has made it difficult to enable perfect regeneration of skin. Thus, animal models are being used to test potential skin substitutes. Murine models are valuable but their healing process involves dermal contraction. We have developed a device called a dome that is able to eliminate the contraction effect of rodent skin while simultaneously housing a bioengineered skin graft...
April 2017: Tissue Engineering. Part C, Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338413/human-tissue-engineered-skeletal-muscle-myobundles-to-measure-oxygen-uptake-and-assess-mitochondrial-toxicity
#10
Brittany N J Davis, Jeffrey W Santoso, Michaela J Walker, Cindy S Cheng, Timothy R Koves, William E Kraus, George A Truskey
Mitochondrial dysfunction is responsible for the toxicity of a number of drugs. Current isolated mitochondria or cellular monoculture mitochondrial respiration measurement systems lack physiological relevance. Using a tissue engineering rather than cell- or mitochondria-based approach enables a more physiologically relevant detection of drug-induced mitochondrial impairment. To probe oxygen consumption and mitochondrial health, we assayed the bioenergetic profile of engineered three-dimensional human skeletal muscle myobundles derived from primary myoblasts...
April 2017: Tissue Engineering. Part C, Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177263/isolation-of-adipose-derived-stromal-vascular-fraction-cells-using-a-novel-point-of-care-device-cell-characterization-and-review-of-the-literature
#11
James Christian Brown, Hulan Shang, Ying Li, Ning Yang, Nikita Patel, Adam J Katz
The GID SVF-1 and GID SVF-2 are closed-system, disposable, scalable cellular isolation devices designed for isolating the human adipose-derived stromal vascular fraction (hSVF) from lipoaspirates at the clinical point of care. The purpose of this study was to characterize the device performance with respect to cell yield and viability of the hSVF, as well as the hSVF purity and cellular composition. Our results demonstrate that adipose-derived hSVF can be safely obtained using both devices and standardized methods, yielding cells that are free of bacterial contaminants as measured by endotoxin levels, Gram stain, and culture...
March 2017: Tissue Engineering. Part C, Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28142371/preparation-and-characterization-of-a-chitosan-gelatin-extracellular-matrix-scaffold-and-its-application-in-tissue-engineering
#12
Xiaoyan Wang, Tailong Yu, Guanghua Chen, Jilong Zou, Jianzhong Li, Jinglong Yan
Previous studies have demonstrated that extracellular matrix (ECM) can be used in tissue engineering due to its bioactivity. However, adipose-derived ECM (A-dECM) has never been applied in bone tissue engineering, and it is unknown whether it would be beneficial to the growth of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs). In this study, we produced chitosan/gelatin/A-dECM (C/G/A-dECM) scaffolds via lyophilization and crosslinking; chitosan/gelatin (C/G) scaffolds were used as controls. For the C/G/A-dECM scaffolds, the average pore size was 285...
March 2017: Tissue Engineering. Part C, Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28142337/cell-gel-mechanical-interactions-as-an-approach-to-rapidly-and-quantitatively-reveal-invasive-subpopulations-of-metastatic-cancer-cells
#13
Martha B Alvarez-Elizondo, Daphne Weihs
We present a novel mechanobiology-based invasiveness assay to rapidly and quantitatively evaluate the mechanical invasiveness of metastatic cancer cells and identify invasive subpopulations, without need for chemoattractants and independent of serum content. A commonly accepted assay to determine metastatic potential in vitro is the Boyden chamber assay, where the percentage of serum-starved cells that can long-term transmigrate/invade through subcell size membrane pores is quantified; those experiments typically take 2-3 days and require serum-starvation...
March 2017: Tissue Engineering. Part C, Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106517/traditional-invasive-and-synchrotron-based-noninvasive-assessments-of-three-dimensional-printed-hybrid-cartilage-constructs-in-situ
#14
Adeola D Olubamiji, Ning Zhu, Tuanjie Chang, Chijioke K Nwankwo, Zohreh Izadifar, Ali Honaramooz, Xiongbiao Chen, B Frank Eames
Three-dimensional (3D)-printed constructs made of polycaprolactone and chondrocyte-impregnated alginate hydrogel (hybrid cartilage constructs) can mimic the biphasic nature of articular cartilage, thus offering promise for cartilage tissue engineering applications. Notably, the regulatory pathway for medical device development requires validation of such constructs through in vitro bench tests and in vivo preclinical examinations for premarket approval. For this, noninvasive imaging techniques are required for effective evaluation of the progress of these cartilage constructs, especially when implanted in animal models or human subjects...
March 2017: Tissue Engineering. Part C, Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093047/three-dimensional-cell-printing-of-large-volume-tissues-application-to-ear-regeneration
#15
Jung-Seob Lee, Byoung Soo Kim, Donghwan Seo, Jeong Hun Park, Dong-Woo Cho
The three-dimensional (3D) printing of large-volume cells, printed in a clinically relevant size, is one of the most important challenges in the field of tissue engineering. However, few studies have reported the fabrication of large-volume cell-printed constructs (LCCs). To create LCCs, appropriate fabrication conditions should be established: Factors involved include fabrication time, residence time, and temperature control of the cell-laden hydrogel in the syringe to ensure high cell viability and functionality...
March 2017: Tissue Engineering. Part C, Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068869/a-regenerative-cardiac-patch-formed-by-spray-painting-of-biomaterials-onto-the-heart
#16
Junnan Tang, Adam Vandergriff, Zegen Wang, Michael Taylor Hensley, Jhon Cores, Tyler A Allen, Phuong-Uyen Dinh, Jinying Zhang, Thomas George Caranasos, Ke Cheng
Layering a regenerative polymer scaffold on the surface of the heart, termed as a cardiac patch, has been proven to be effective in preserving cardiac function after myocardial infarction (MI). However, the placement of such a patch on the heart usually needs open-chest surgery, which is traumatic, therefore prevents the translation of this strategy into the clinic. We sought to device a way to apply a cardiac patch by spray painting in situ polymerizable biomaterials onto the heart with a minimally invasive procedure...
March 2017: Tissue Engineering. Part C, Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081688/focus-ion-beam-scanning-electron-microscopy-characterization-of-osteoclastic-resorption-of-calcium-phosphate-substrates
#17
Anna Diez-Escudero, Montserrat Espanol, Edgar B Montufar, Gemma Di Pompo, Gabriela Ciapetti, Nicola Baldini, Maria-Pau Ginebra
This article presents the application of dual focused ion beam/scanning electron microscopy (FIB-SEM) imaging for preclinical testing of calcium phosphates with osteoclast precursor cells and how this high-resolution imaging technique is able to reveal microstructural changes at a level of detail previously not possible. Calcium phosphate substrates, having similar compositions but different microstructures, were produced using low- and high-temperature processes (biomimetic calcium-deficient hydroxyapatite [CDHA] and stoichiometric sintered hydroxyapatite, respectively)...
February 2017: Tissue Engineering. Part C, Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068883/a-quantitative-three-dimensional-image-analysis-tool-for-maximal-acquisition-of-spatial-heterogeneity-data
#18
Mark C Allenby, Ruth Misener, Nicki Panoskaltsis, Athanasios Mantalaris
Three-dimensional (3D) imaging techniques provide spatial insight into environmental and cellular interactions and are implemented in various fields, including tissue engineering, but have been restricted by limited quantification tools that misrepresent or underutilize the cellular phenomena captured. This study develops image postprocessing algorithms pairing complex Euclidean metrics with Monte Carlo simulations to quantitatively assess cell and microenvironment spatial distributions while utilizing, for the first time, the entire 3D image captured...
February 2017: Tissue Engineering. Part C, Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068876/tissue-engineered-model-of-human-osteolytic-bone-tumor
#19
Aranzazu Villasante, Alessandro Marturano-Kruik, Samuel T Robinson, Zen Liu, X Edward Guo, Gordana Vunjak-Novakovic
Ewing's sarcoma (ES) is a poorly differentiated pediatric tumor of aggressive behavior characterized by propensity to metastasize to bone. Interactions between the tumor and bone cells orchestrate a vicious cycle in which tumor cells induce osteoclast differentiation and activation to cause osteolytic lesions, broken bones, pain, and hypercalcemia. The lack of controllable models that can recapitulate osteolysis in ES impedes the development of new therapies and limits our understanding of how tumor cells invade bone...
February 2017: Tissue Engineering. Part C, Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056722/hyaluronic-acid-coating-enhances-biocompatibility-of-nonwoven-pga-scaffold-and-cartilage-formation
#20
Xunxun Lin, Wenbo Wang, Wenjie Zhang, Zhiyong Zhang, Guangdong Zhou, Yilin Cao, Wei Liu
Synthetic polymers such as polyglycolic acid (PGA) fibers are the traditional tissue engineering scaffolds that are widely used for engineering a variety of soft tissues. However, the major disadvantage of this polymer material is its released acidic degradation products that trigger inflammatory response and fibrotic process, which affects the biocompatibility and the quality of the engineered tissues. In this study, the effect of hyaluronic acid (HA) coating on improving PGA biocompatibility was explored...
February 2017: Tissue Engineering. Part C, Methods
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