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European Annals of Allergy and Clinical Immunology

E Paschou, E Gavriilaki, G Papaioannou, A Tsompanakou, A Kalaitzoglou, N Sabanis
Febuxostat is a xanthine oxidase inhibitor that during the last years has successfully replaced allopurinol treatment in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) and hyperuricemia. Several adverse events have been observed during therapy with febuxostat. DRESS (Drug Reaction with Eosinophilia and Systemic Symptoms) syndrome induced by febuxostat has been poorly described, mainly in patient with CKD who previously developed allopurinol hypersensitivity syndrome. DRESS syndrome is characterized by manifold cutaneous reactions and systemic disorders with potential devastating consequences...
November 2016: European Annals of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
Y Keyla Chan, R F J Criado, P R Criado, C D A S Machado, C Speyer
We report a first case of hypocomplementemic urticarial vasculitis of C2 fraction in a child, with cutaneous manifestation only, with no reports in scientific literature.
November 2016: European Annals of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
A S Cordeiro Moreira, M I Rosmaninho Lopes de Soares E Silva, M A Pereira Guilherme, J A da Silva Ferreira, J P Fonseca Moreira da Silva
BACKGROUND: Omalizumab is indicated to treat chronic spontaneous urticaria (CSU) refractory to antihistamines. We aim to describe the experience of our department in the treatment of CSU with omalizumab. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective review of the clinical records of patients. RESULTS: Six patients (5 females, median age 33 years) treated with omalizumab for a median of 17.5 months were evaluated. All patients had improvement of symptoms after the first dose...
November 2016: European Annals of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
N Santos, A Bugalho de Almeida, A Covas, L Prates, M Morais-Almeida
AIM: To evaluate nationwide asthma hospitalizations and hospital mortality from the year 2000 to 2010. METHODS: Data from the Health Services Central Administration of the Portuguese Ministry of Health on hospital admissions and hospital mortality in the National Health Service in mainland Portugal, from January 1st 2000 to December 31st 2010, were analysed. Cases with bronchial asthma as a main diagnosis were selected. RESULTS: We found a mean frequency of asthma hospitalizations of 2...
November 2016: European Annals of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
E Yousef, A S Haque
BACKGROUND: False positive test results in children who are tested for food allergies may lead to inappropriate dietary restrictions. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to report our experience with a 3 year-old boy, who presented with "multiple food allergies" and, however, passed the food challenges, and to review our experience regarding management of children with high specific food IgEs with high total IgE. METHODS: Medical records of 16 children with food challenges were reviewed...
November 2016: European Annals of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
A G Martelli, R Bianchi, B Boldrighini, M Bosoni, A De Vuono, A Flores D'Arcais, G Gargantini, R Longhi, M T Ortisi, E Racchi, L Parola
BACKGROUND: The Study Group on Accreditation and Quality Improvement of the Italian Society of Pediatrics has developed an observational study about the hospital management of pediatric patients affected by severe asthma, in order to evaluate how the Guidelines for severe asthma in childhood are applied in the daily practice. METHODS: This study included patients between 2 and 17 years, hospitalized or under short intensive observation for acute asthma. The data collection was carried out through the compilation of on-line forms...
November 2016: European Annals of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
G Manzotti, G G Riario-Sforza, M Dimatteo, C Scolari, E Makri, C Incorvaia
BACKGROUND: Allergen immunotherapy (AIT) in its two forms of subcutaneous immunotherapy (SCIT) and sublingual immunotherapy (SLIT) is an effective treatment of respiratory allergy, but is particularly concerned by the issue of compliance. OBJECTIVE: We aimed a real-life study at evaluating the compliance to SLIT and to SCIT administered by a short-course of four injections during a 3-year period of observation. METHODS: A group of 145 patients (79 males, 66 females, age ranging from 14 to 69 years), suffering from pollen-induced rhino-conjunctivitis with or without asthma, were included in the study...
November 2016: European Annals of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
G Ciprandi, M Cristofolini, E Mira
BACKGROUND: Comano thermal water, well known for its activity in the treatment of dermatological diseases, has been successfully employed in the treatment of upper airways disorders. OBJECTIVE: The present preliminary study aimed to evaluate whether Comano thermal water may be able to improve nasal symptoms severity in patients with allergic rhinitis (AR). METHODS: 30 AR patients were enrolled (mean age 40.9 years; 13 males) and treated with inhalation of Comano thermal water for 15 days...
November 2016: European Annals of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
I Mota, Â Gaspar, M Chambel, S Piedade, M Morais-Almeida
BACKGROUND: Beta-lactams antibiotics (BL) are the most frequent elicitors of allergic drug reactions. The aim of our study was to characterize the patients referred with suspected hypersensitivity (HS) to BL. METHODS: Over a three-year period (2011-2013), a total of 234 adult and paediatric patients (pts) with suspected HS to BL were investigated according to the European Network for Drug Allergy guidelines. RESULTS: HS to BL was confirmed in 43 pts (18%), without differences between adult and paediatric pts; anaphylaxis was reported by 20 pts...
November 2016: European Annals of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
G N Konstantinou, A G Chioti, M Daniilidis
Omalizumab has been recently approved for treating patients with refractory to H1- antihistamines chronic spontaneous urticaria (CSU). Although hair loss is listed among omalizumab side effects, there are no available data to estimate its frequency. We describe for the first time hair loss as a side effect associated with omalizumab administration in three women, 38, 62 and 70 years old, suffering from refractory to H1-antihistamines CSU. This information was retrieved from their Chronic Urticaria Quality of Life Questionnaires...
September 2016: European Annals of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
F Sunzini, C Barbato, C Canofari, L Lugari, R Perricone, A Bergamini
Allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis (ABPA) is a hypersensitivity reaction to Aspergillus that mainly affects patients with asthma. For diagnosis, elevated serum IgE level are needed according to Greenberger and Patterson criteria. We report a case of 43 years-old woman who developed ABPA with productive cough, fever and radiological findings of multiple confluent areas of consolidation in both upper lobes. Laboratory tests showed elevated peripheral eosinophil counts (9.3 x 10(3)/ml). In bronchial washing A...
September 2016: European Annals of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
H Marefat, H Abolhassani, M Ghareje Daghi, G Azizi, A Aghamohammadi
Purpose. To report early onset steroid induced posterior subcapsular cataract in a case of common variable immunodeficiency. Methods. Case report. Results. Here we report a 14-yearold male of steroid induced bilateral posterior subcapsular cataract in a common variable immunodeficiency patient with damaging mutations in Glutathione reductase gene, leading to hypersensitivity of patient to glucocorticoid (GC) products. Conclusions. In order to reduce the ocular side effects of the GCs there are some advisements, including a complete history, regular examination, GC should be prescribed in minimal dosage and minimal course, and as possible GC-sparing drugs should always be considered...
September 2016: European Annals of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
Ejaz Yousef, M Arshad Alvi
We report a 5 years old male child with low serum IgG, IgA and IgM levels, who presented with recurrent perianal and oral ulcers, intermittent fever, and protracted diarrhea. Despite the lack of typical respiratory symptoms, low serum IgM level and persistent thrombocytosis, an X-linked hyper-IgM syndrome (X-HIGM) was considered. Laboratory investigations revealed a diagnosis of hyper-IgM syndrome caused by CD40L deficiency.
September 2016: European Annals of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
M Rodríguez Mosquera, F J Sola Martínez, A Montoro de Francisco, T Chivato Pérez, V Sánchez Moreno, A Rodríguez-Marco, J Hernández-Peña
This study was designed to determine the level of satisfaction, tolerance and perceived effectiveness by patients in the first pollen season after starting treatment with Alergovit(®). For this purpose, a nationwide, retrospective, multicentre and cross-sectional observational study was carried on 256 patients. Perceived effectiveness by the patients was measured using a visual analogue scale and was clinically significant in 92.4% of the patients. The satisfaction level was evaluated with a specific questionnaire...
September 2016: European Annals of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
E Nettis, E Di Leo, A Pastore, M Distaso, I Zaza, M Vacca, L Macchia, A Vacca
Background. In chronic spontaneous urticaria (CSU) first-line therapy with an antihistamine-based regimen may not achieve satisfactory control in patients. Thus, a continuing need exists for effective and safe treatments for refractory CSU. Aim. To evaluate the clinical efficacy and safety of an intake of a combination of 2 probiotics (Lactobacillus salivarius LS01 and Bifidobacterium breve BR03) in patients with CSU who remain symptomatic despite concomitant H1-antihistamine therapy. Methods. This report analyzes the effects of therapy with two probiotic strains on the clinical progress of 52 unselected patients with difficulty to treat CSU underwent to medical examination in two Italian specialist urticaria Clinics between September 2013 and September 2014...
September 2016: European Annals of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
I Pádua, A Moreira, P Moreira, R Barros
Food allergies are a growing problem and currently the primary treatment of food allergy is avoidance of culprit foods. However, given the lack of information and education and also the ubiquitous nature of allergens, accidental exposures to food allergens are not uncommon. The fear of potential fatal reactions and the need of a proper avoidance leads in most of the cases to the limitation of leisure and social activities. This review aims to be a practical approach on education and accidental exposure prevention regarding activities like shopping, eating out, and travelling...
September 2016: European Annals of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
E Vassilopoulou, D Efthymiou
The proportion of people suffering or reporting to have a hypersensitivity caused by cow's milk consumption is increasing, and even health professionals often face difficulties into elaborating properly with a milk reaction due to misdiagnosis. The scope of this review is to present literature data that lead into putting the border line between cow's milk allergy and cow's milk intolerance, mainly focusing on how the different pathophysiology leads to their different dietary diagnosis and management.
September 2016: European Annals of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
G Liccardi, G Baldi, A Berra, A Ciccarelli, M Cutajar, M D'Amato, R D'Angelo, D Gargano, D Giannattasio, G Leone, M Lo Schiavo, F Madonna, C Montera, R Monti, R Parente, A Pedicini, A Pio, M Russo, A Salzillo, A Stanziola, A Vatrella, F Manzi, M B Bilò
Given the increasing life expectancy observed in Western countries, there is a marked interest to know more about how aging could influence respiratory health. The aim of our study was to assess the prevalence, clinical characteristics and age of onset of allergic sensitization and clinical symptoms in a sample of atopic elders living in Campania region area (Southern Italy). Fourteen Allergy units or Centres examined a total of 462 patients. In this context 215 (46.53%) had positive skin prick tests (SPTs) to at least one allergen and were diagnosed with respiratory allergy...
July 2016: European Annals of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
A Tammaro, G Cortesi, F Pigliacelli, F R Parisella, F Persechino, G De Marco, S Persechino
We presented an interesting clinical case of a 23 years old man presented with a 2-week history of pruritus, erythema and papules on legs, arms and trunk. These lesions developed 2 months after tattooing. It showed positive patch test reaction to Copper and Disperse Blu.
July 2016: European Annals of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
H Eke Gungor, S Uytun, U Murat Sahiner, Y Altuner Torun
Immediate reactions against contact to raw potato has been reported in adults with generally being in the form of an oral contact dermatitis or contact urticaria, but it may also manifest as rhinitis symptoms, wheezing or even anaphylaxis. Cooked or raw potato allergy has been rarely reported in children as some is being immediate and others being late reactions, and it usually results from ingestion. Herein, we report two cases with a background of allergic diseases developed anaphylaxis one with cooked potato and the other one with raw potato...
July 2016: European Annals of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
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