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European Annals of Allergy and Clinical Immunology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294591/letter-to-the-editor-can-dog-allergen-immunotherapy-reduce-concomitant-allergic-sensitization-to-other-furry-animals-a-preliminary-experience
#1
G Liccardi, L Calzetta, A Salzillo, L Billeri, G Lucà, P Rogliani
It has been shown that allergen immunotherapy (AIT) is effective in reducing symptoms of allergic asthma and rhinitis. Data on the efficacy are less convincing with regard to AIT for allergens of common pets (cats/dogs). We describe a case of dog allergy in which we explored if dog AIT (DAI) could reduce a concomitant allergic sensitization to other allergens of furry animals. Our case demonstrates the efficacy of sublingual DAI on SPTs, symptom score, and spirometric responses despite persistent exposure to dog allergens at home in a patient sensitized, but not exposed, to several other furry animals...
March 2017: European Annals of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294590/successful-omalizumab-treatment-in-hiv-positive-patient-with-chronic-spontaneous-urticaria-a-case-report
#2
E Iemoli, F Niero, L Borgonovo, M V Cossu, S Piconi
We described a case of a 56 year old homosexual HIV positive man who presented a history of CSU since one year (2012). All the allergologic, immunologic and microbiologic tests to evaluate the pathogenesis of wheals resulted negative. Therefore in June 2015 we decided to start therapy with Omalizumab while the patient kept on effective antiretroviral therapy with 310 cells/mm3 TCD4 counts and undetectable HIV viremia. After two monthly subcutaneuous injection of 150 mg of Omalizumab the patient had no more urticarial symptoms...
March 2017: European Annals of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294589/selective-hypersensitivity-to-cefazolin-and-contribution-of-the-basophil-activation-test
#3
J P Almeida, A Lopes, A Campos Melo, M C Pereira Santos, M Pereira Barbosa
The authors present 2 case reports of selective cefazolin hypersensitivity: a 49 year-old woman with a history of two perioperative reactions (urticaria and severe anaphylaxis) after the use of rocuronium, propophol and cefazolin; a 36 year-old pregnant woman who developed facial erythema, lips angioedema and hypotension immediately after administration of ropivacain, sufentanil, cefazolin, oxytocin and ephedrine. In both cases, intradermal skin tests were positive for cefazolin. A basophil activation test was performed for cefazolin, which was positive in one patient...
March 2017: European Annals of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294588/prescriptive-appropriateness-using-inhalant-and-food-allergen-panels-a-comparison-between-general-practitioners-and-allergists-prescription-in-genoa-italy
#4
G Ciprandi, P Comite, F Ferrero, R Montaruli, M Mussap
Background. Prescriptive appropriateness is an actual claim in healthcare, and it also concerns in vitro tests used in the allergy work-up, such as the serum allergen-specific IgE (sIgE) assay. In the Liguria Region, two panels were defined (for inhaled and food allergens) including 12 allergens. Their composition changed over time. Objectives. The aims of the present retrospective study were: i) to evaluate the percentage of positive tests, and ii) to compare the findings of sIgE assay on the basis of the general practictioners' (GPs) or specialist' prescription, considering both the old panels and the new panels...
March 2017: European Annals of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294587/vitamin-d-levels-and-allergic-diseases-an-italian-cross-sectional-multicenter-survey
#5
C Lombardi, G Passalacqua
Background. During the two last decades, the interest in the role of Vitamin D (VD) in allergic disease has increased. Apart from the well-known actions of VD in bone metabolism, recent studies suggested its possible role as an immune-modulator in allergy. Objective. This study, conducted over the Italian territory, evaluated the possible correlations between VD serum level and diagnosed allergic diseases (rhinitis / asthma, food allergy, atopic dermatitis). Thus, VD was assessed in patients with physician-diagnosed allergic diseases...
March 2017: European Annals of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294586/pediatric-eosinophilic-esophagitis-in-portugal
#6
J L Alves Marcelino, R Cardoso de Aguiar, F Cabral Duarte, A Célia Costa, M A Pereira-Barbosa
Eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) is an increasingly frequent diagnosis in our clinical practice, mainly in pediatric age. Allergic responses to food and aeroallergens have been increasingly implicated in the etiology of this disease. We describe a retrospective data analysis of pediatric EoE patients followed in our Immunoallergology Department. Of the 25 children (22 male, average 10.8 years), 88% had prior history of rhinoconjunctivitis, 76% asthma, 48% eczema and 36% food allergy. After evaluation, we identified in 76% and 92% of patients food and aeroallergen sensitization, respectively; 68% had simultaneously food and inhalant sensitization and 96% had at least one positive test to aeroallergens or food allergens...
March 2017: European Annals of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294585/static-and-elevated-pollen-traps-do-not-provide-an-accurate-assessment-of-personal-pollen-exposure
#7
V Penel, M Calleja, C Pichot, D Charpin
Background. Volumetric pollen traps are commonly used to assess pollen exposure. These traps are well suited for estimating the regional mean airborne pollen concentration but are likely not to provide an accurate index of personal exposure. In this study, we tested the hypothesis that hair sampling may provide different pollen counts from those from pollen traps, especially when the pollen exposure is diverse. Methods. We compared pollen counts in hair washes to counts provided by stationary volumetric and gravimetric pollen traps in 2 different settings: urban with volunteers living in short distance from one another and from the static trap and suburban in which volunteers live in a scattered environment, quite far from the static trap...
March 2017: European Annals of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294584/ige-igg1-and-igg4-response-to-specific-allergens-in-sensitized-subjects-showing-different-clinical-reactivity-to-anisakis-simplex
#8
M T Ventura, R Rodriguez-Perez, M L Caballero, M Garcia-Alonso, L Antonicelli, R Asero
Background. Anisakis simplex hypersensitive subjects may be sensitized without clinical allergy, or experience acute symptoms or chronic urticaria induced by raw fish. We studied whether the 3 subgroups differ in IgE, IgG1 or IgG4 reactivity to specific Anisakis simplex allergens. Methods. 28 Anisakis simplex-hypersensitive adults, 11 with acute symptoms, 9 with chronic urticaria, and 8 sensitized were studied. IgE, IgG1 and IgG4 to rAni s 1, 5, 9 and 10 were sought by ELISA. IgE and IgG4 to nAni s 4 were determined by WB...
March 2017: European Annals of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120607/anaphylaxis-to-hidden-potato-allergens-in-a-peach-and-egg-allergic-boy
#9
M F Martín-Muñoz, A Diaz-Perales, J Cannabal, S Quirce
More than 170 foods have been identified as being potentially allergenic. However, a minority of these foods cause the majority of reactions. Sweets are frequently implicated in allergic reactions in children with cow's milk, egg, nuts or fruits allergy, and they are the most relevant foods investigated as responsible allergens. We report an anaphylactic reaction to candies in an egg and peach allergic boy. We performed a study to identify responsible allergens for the reaction. We investigated hidden egg and peach allergens in the candies, but they were not found...
January 2017: European Annals of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120606/a-very-unusual-case-of-food-allergy-between-fpies-and-ige-mediated-food-allergy
#10
S Miceli Sopo, S Monaco, G Cerchiara, G Bersani
Food protein induced enterocolitis syndrome (FPIES) is a food-related gastrointestinal hypersensitivity disorder, probably non-IgE-mediated. Over the years, various diagnostic criteria have been proposed to identify FPIES. In the last few years, there was an increased interest from researchers about FPIES's syndrome, that frequently brought to discover new aspects of this disease. We describe an unusual case of FPIES to egg in a 21-months-old child, because of its clinical characteristics that reflect some aspects of IgE-mediated allergy and other of non IgE-mediated allergy...
January 2017: European Annals of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120605/hemophagocytic-lymphohistiocytosis-mimics-many-common-conditions-case-series-and-review-of-literature
#11
A T Akenroye, N Madan, F Mohammadi, J Leider
Introduction. Hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH), a rare but potentially fatal disease, is characterized by excessive immune activation and cytokine release which stimulates bone marrow macrophages to engulf hematopoietic cells. HLH could be secondary to infections: viral, fungal, and bacterial; malignancies and autoimmune diseases. The diagnosis of HLH is usually delayed due to the presence of non-specific symptoms at presentation. This delay contributes to increased mortality. Cases and review. We present the case of 4 patients who presented with subjective fevers and extreme fatigue...
January 2017: European Annals of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120604/esophageal-dysfunction-and-immunological-changes-induced-by-grass-sublingual-immunotherapy
#12
C Perales Chordá, E Sáez González, J Martí Garrido, R López Salgueiro, D Hernández Fernández de Rojas
Sublingual immunotherapy frequently causes local oropharyngeal adverse events which are usually of mild severity, and tend to be self-limited and disappear within the first weeks of therapy. The mechanism of action involves changes in the specific humoral response to allergens, with increases in allergen-specific immunoglobulin G4 (IgG4) and blunting of the seasonal increase in allergen-specific IgE. We describe the case of a 25-year-old man diagnosed with grass pollen induced allergic rhinoconjunctivitis, who was treated with a lyophilisate of Phleum pratense by sublingual route...
January 2017: European Annals of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120603/high-dose-nebulized-budesonide-is-effective-for-mild-asthma-exacerbations-in-children-under-3-years-of-age
#13
M Saito, Y Kikuchi, A Kawarai Lefor, M Hoshina
Background. High-dose inhaled steroid therapy has been shown to be effective in children and adults with asthma exacerbations. However, few reports are available regarding its efficacy for asthma exacerbations in younger children. Objective. In this study, we administered high-dose nebulized budesonide therapy for mild asthma exacerbations in children < 3 years of age and compared its efficacy and safety with systemic steroid therapy. Methods. This study included children < 3 years old with mild asthma exacerbations...
January 2017: European Annals of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120602/ara-h-6-sensitization-in-peanut-allergy-friend-foe-or-innocent-bystander
#14
C Tontini, L Marinangeli, N Maiello, S Abbadessa, D Villalta, L Antonicelli
The clinical role of Ara h 6 sensitization in peanut allergy is a current matter of debate. We investigated the role of Ara h 6 sensitization patterns in a sample of young adults from different Italian cities. Sera of 33 patients with specific IgE against Ara h 6 were selected. According to clinical symptoms upon peanut ingestion, patients were divided into severe reaction (SR) and mild-tolerant (MT) subgroups. While the SR group mainly showed sensitization patterns involving Ara h 2 and other major allergenic components, a previously undescribed association between Ara h 6 and Ara h 9 was found in the MT group...
January 2017: European Annals of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120601/hymenoptera-venom-allergy-a-closer-collaboration-is-needed-between-allergists-and-emergency-physicians
#15
A Ciccarelli, C Calabrò, C Imperatore, G Scala
Background. Hymenoptera stings are sometimes fatal in venom-allergic patients. Fatalities mostly occur in previously stung subjects, especially those with a history of systemic reactions, and could be avoided if patients were properly informed of the existence of a prevention strategy for insect stings, referred to an allergy follow-up and prescribed auto-injectable epinephrine and/or venom-specific immunotherapy (VIT). We sought to assess knowledge and awareness of Hymenoptera Venom Allergy (HVA) in a small sample of Emergency Physicians in our geographic area...
January 2017: European Annals of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120600/immediate-adverse-reactions-to-intravenous-immunoglobulin-in-children-a-single-center-experience
#16
S Kaba, G Keskindemirci, C Aydogmus, R Siraneci, F Erol Cipe
Intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) is commonly used in primary and secondary immunodeficiency diseases as well as autoimmune conditions as immunomodulatator treatment. Immediate adverse events which are generally mild and occur during infusion are seen in 6 hours. Reported immediate adverse events are in a wide range from 1%-40% in pediatric patients. 115 patients who received IVIG (except newborns) were included into this crosssectional study. IVIG was given to patients for primary immunodeficiencies (n=8), ITP (n=65), Kawasaki disease (n=11), secondary immunosupression (n=28), and passive immunization (n=3)...
January 2017: European Annals of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120599/parietaria-pollination-duration-myth-or-fact
#17
R Ariano, L Cecchi, S Voltolini, O Quercia, E Scopano, G Ciprandi
Background. Even though the Parietaria pollen season may be rather long, it is commonly thought that Parietaria pollen is a perennial allergen present along the whole year. Objective. This study aimed at investigating the duration of Parietaria pollen season during a 10-year period in Italy, analysing also the annual pollen quantity and the differences among geographical areas. Methods. Pollen count was assessed daily for 10 years. Globally, ten Italian centers measured Parietaria pollen count. Start date, peak date, end date, duration (days), peak value, and seasonal pollen index were evaluated in each center...
January 2017: European Annals of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120598/letter-from-the-new-editors
#18
EDITORIAL
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No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: European Annals of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852432/febuxostat-hypersensitivity-another-cause-of-dress-syndrome-in-chronic-kidney-disease
#19
E Paschou, E Gavriilaki, G Papaioannou, A Tsompanakou, A Kalaitzoglou, N Sabanis
Febuxostat is a xanthine oxidase inhibitor that during the last years has successfully replaced allopurinol treatment in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) and hyperuricemia. Several adverse events have been observed during therapy with febuxostat. DRESS (Drug Reaction with Eosinophilia and Systemic Symptoms) syndrome induced by febuxostat has been poorly described, mainly in patient with CKD who previously developed allopurinol hypersensitivity syndrome. DRESS syndrome is characterized by manifold cutaneous reactions and systemic disorders with potential devastating consequences...
November 2016: European Annals of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852431/urticarial-vasculitis-in-the-childhood-with-c2-hypocomplementenemia-a-rare-case
#20
Y Keyla Chan, R F J Criado, P R Criado, C D A S Machado, C Speyer
We report a first case of hypocomplementemic urticarial vasculitis of C2 fraction in a child, with cutaneous manifestation only, with no reports in scientific literature.
November 2016: European Annals of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
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