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European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781596/conservative-treatment-of-rotator-cuff-tear-in-older-patients-a-role-for-the-cycloergometer-a-randomized-study
#1
Bernardo Gialanella, Laura Comini, Marta Gaiani, Adriana Olivares, Simonetta Scalvini
BACKGROUND: To date, there are no published data on the use of devices in the management of rotator cuff tear (RCT). AIM: To evaluate the effect of supervised arm cycloergometer training on pain during activities and shoulder functionality in patients with symptomatic full-thickness RCT. DESIGN: This is a prospective randomized controlled pilot study. SETTING: Outpatients of our Rehabilitation Unit. POPULATION: In this pilot study, 40 elderly outpatients (>70 years) with RCT were randomized to two groups: Cycloergometer (CYC) vs...
May 18, 2018: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764094/assessing-functional-recovery-in-the-first-6-months-after-acute-ischaemic-stroke-a-prospective-observational-study
#2
João P Branco, Sandra Oliveira, João Sargento-Freitas, Jorge Laíns, João Pinheiro
BACKGROUND: Stroke is a major cause of short-term functional impairment, but the recovery timeframes are not well-established. AIM: This study aims to evaluate the progression of functional recovery during the first 24 weeks after acute ischaemic stroke, to determine the timeframes for (a) motor, (b) cognitive, and (c) overall recovery. DESIGN: Prospective observational study. SETTING: Tertiary care centre; 12-week inpatient period, followed by 12-week outpatient period...
May 14, 2018: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745627/neurophysiological-and-clinical-effects-of-blinfolded-balance-training-bbt-in-parkinson-s-disease-patients-a-preliminary-study
#3
Sonia Bonnì, Viviana Ponzo, Marco Tramontano, Alex Martino Cinnera, Carlo Caltagirone, Giacomo Koch, Antonella Peppe
BACKGROUND: Recent evidence support the hypothesis that rehabilitative strategies based on sensorimotor stimulation in the neurorehabilitation of Parkinson's Disease (PD) may be useful to improve gait in PD patients. AIM: We supposed that sensorimotor stimulation produce modulation of Anticipatory Postural Adjustments (APAs) arising from the supplementary motor area (SMA). We aimed to investigate the clinical and neurophysiological effects of a blindfolded balance training (BBT)...
May 9, 2018: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745626/train-the-brain-immediate-sensorimotor-effects-of-mentally-performed-flexor-exercises-in-patients-with-neck-pain-a-pilot-study
#4
Konstantin Beinert, Marc Sofsky, Jörg Trojan
BACKGROUND: Sensorimotor tests, like cranio- cervical flexion and cervical joint position sense tests, share a strong cognitive component during their execution. However, cognitive training for those tests has not been investigated so far. AIM: To compare mental and physical exercises for improving the sensorimotor function of the cervical spine. DESIGN: A within-subject design with 16 participants. SETTING: Outpatient physiotherapy centre...
May 9, 2018: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745625/assessment-of-neurogenic-bowel-dysfunction-impact-after-spinal-cord-injury-using-the-international-classification-of-functioning-disability-and-health
#5
Jennifer M Pires, Ana M Ferreira, Filipa Rocha, Luis G Andrade, Inês Campos, Paulo Margalho, Jorge Laíns
BACKGROUND: Bowel function is frequently compromised after spinal cord injury (SCI). Regardless of this crucial importance in patients' lives, there is still scarce literature on the Neurogenic Bowel Dysfunction (NBD) deleterious impact on SCI patient's lives and only few studies correlating NBD severity with quality of life (QoL). To our knowledge there are no studies assessing the impact of NBD on the context of ICF domains. AIM: To assess NBD after SCI using ICF domains and to assess its impact in QoL...
May 9, 2018: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29722511/evidence-based-position-paper-on-physical-and-rehabilitation-medicine-prm-professional-practice-for-people-with-cardiovascular-conditions-the-european-prm-position-uems-prm-section
#6
Alvydas Juocevicius, Aydan Oral, Aet Lukmann, Peter Takáč, Piotr Tederko, Ilze Hāznere, Catarina Aguiar-Branco, Milica Lazovic, Stefano Negrini, Enrique Varela Donoso, Nicolas Christodoulou
INTRODUCTION: Cardiovascular conditions are significant causes of mortality and morbidity leading to substantial disability. AIM: The aim of the paper is to improve Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine (PRM) physicians' professional practice for persons with cardiovascular conditions in order to promote their functioning properties and to reduce activity limitations and/or participation restrictions. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A systematic review of the literature and a Consensus procedure by means of a Delphi process has been performed involving the delegates of all European countries represented in the UEMS PRM Section...
May 2, 2018: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29722510/evidence-based-position-paper-on-physical-and-rehabilitation-medicine-prm-professional-practice-for-people-with-respiratory-conditions-the-european-prm-position-uems-prm-section
#7
Aydan Oral, Alvydas Juocevicius, Aet Lukmann, Peter Takáč, Piotr Tederko, Ilze Hāznere, Catarina Aguiar-Branco, Milica Lazovic, Stefano Negrini, Enrique Varela Donoso, Nicolas Christodoulou
INTRODUCTION: Chronic respiratory conditions are among the top causes of death and disability. AIM: The aim of the paper is to improve Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine (PRM) physicians' professional practice for persons with chronic respiratory conditions in order to promote their functioning properties and to reduce activity limitations and/or participation restrictions. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A systematic review of the literature and a Consensus procedure by means of a Delphi process has been performed involving the delegates of all European countries represented in the UEMS PRM Section...
May 2, 2018: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29687968/spinal-bracing-and-lung-function-in-type-2-spinal-muscular-atrophy
#8
Chiara Di Pede, Eleonora Salamon, Matteo Motta, Caterina Agosto, Franca Benini, Adriano Ferrari
BACKGROUND: Respiratory muscle weakness associated with scoliosis in type-2 spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) leads to respiratory impairment. Spinal brace, generally utilized to slow scoliosis progression and support sitting, could worsen lung function and hamper cough maneuvers. CASE SERIES: Six home-treated type-2 SMA children (aged 6 -15 years, subtype 2.1-2.5) were assessed to evaluate time-dependent influence of "static-balanced brace" on pulmonary function...
April 24, 2018: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29687967/vertebral-compression-fractures-associated-with-yoga-a-case-series
#9
Jad G Sfeir, Matthew T Drake, Vikram J Sonawane, Mehrsheed Sinaki
BACKGROUND: The importance of exercise in skeletal health is increasingly recognized by both patients and providers. However, the safety of prescribed or recreational exercise in at-risk populations remains under-reported and under-publicized. Yoga has gained widespread popularity due to its physical and psychological benefits. When practiced in a population at increased fracture risk, however, some yoga poses may increase fracture risk, particularly at the spine, rather than increasing BMD as noted in recent popular press reports...
April 24, 2018: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29687966/spinal-manipulation-combined-with-laser-therapy-is-more-beneficial-than-laser-therapy-alone-in-chronic-non-specific-low-back-pain-a-randomized-controlled-study
#10
Gopal N Subash Chandra Bose, Walid Kamal, Shanmugananth Es, Siddhart Joshi, Parth Trivedi
BACKGROUND: Low back pain (LBP) is a common musculoskeletal disorder causing pain and disability in most of the countries. In recent years, new approaches such as Spinal manipulation and laser therapy have been considered as an alternative to conventional exercise and also found contradicting results in terms of its effectiveness. AIM: A study to compare the combined effects of spinal manipulation, Laser and exercise versus Laser and exercise alone in chronic non-specific low back pain (cnLBP)...
April 24, 2018: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684981/statistical-comments-on-assessment-of-bioelectrical-activity-of-pelvic-floor-muscles-depending-on-the-orientation-of-the-pelvis-in-menopausal-women-with-symptoms-of-stress-urinary-incontinence-continued-observational-study
#11
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684980/clinical-measurement-tools-to-assess-trunk-performance-after-stroke-a-systematic-review
#12
Gregorio Sorrentino, Patrizio Sale, Claudio Solaro, Alessia Rabini, Cesare G Cerri, Giorgio Ferriero
INTRODUCTION: Stroke may result in decreased trunk muscle strength and limited trunk coordination, frequently determining loss of autonomy due to the trunk impairment. Furthermore, sitting balance has been repeatedly identified as an important predictor of motor and functional recovery after stroke. Given the importance of trunk it is therefore mandatory that validated tools be available to assess its performance. To perform a systematic review of clinical measurement tools to assess trunk performance after stroke...
April 20, 2018: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684979/the-degree-of-arm-elevation-impacts-the-endurance-and-cardiopulmonary-adaptations-of-copd-patients-performing-upper-limb-exercise-a-cross-over-study
#13
Mara Paneroni, Carla Simonelli, Pierantonio Laveneziana, Massimiliano Gobbo, Manuela Saleri, Luca Bianchi, Michele Vitacca
BACKGROUND: In Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD), upper limb exercise is widely recommended. However, how the degree of shoulder flexion may influence the exercise response is unknown. AIM: We compared metabolic, ventilatory and symptomatic responses during constant-load supported and unsupported exercise performed at 80° and 120° arm elevation. DESIGN: Randomized cross-over study. SETTING: Pulmonary Pathophysiology Service in an Italian Respiratory Rehabilitative Division, in-patients were enrolled...
April 20, 2018: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29600689/cancer-rehabilitation-closing-the-gap-in-low-and-middle-income-countries
#14
Sumadi L Anwar, Guritno Adistyawan, Wahyu Wulaningsih, Zulrahman Erlangga, Christoph Gutenbrunner, Boya Nugraha
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 29, 2018: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29600688/early-robot-assisted-gait-retraining-in-non-ambulatory-patients-with-stroke-a-single-blind-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
Andreas Mayr, Ellen Quirbach, Alessandro Picelli, Markus Kofler, Nicola Smania, Leopold Saltuari
BACKGROUND: Restoration of walking function is a primary concern of neurorehabilitation with respect to the aspired social and vocational reintegration. To date, the best practice for improving gait early after stroke is still object of debate. On one hand, repetitive task-specific approaches with higher intensities of walking have been observed to result in greater improvements of gait after stroke. Conversely there is some evidence that conventional gait training would be more effective for facilitating walking ability after stroke...
March 29, 2018: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29600687/psychometric-properties-of-the-cumulated-ambulation-score-a-systematic-review
#16
Giorgio Ferriero, Morten T Kristensen, Marco Invernizzi, Ludovit Salgovic, Elisabetta Bravini, Francesco Sartorio, Stefano Vercelli
INTRODUCTION: In the geriatric population, independent mobility is a key factor in determining readiness for discharge following acute hospitalization. The Cumulated Ambulation Score (CAS) is a potentially valuable score that allows day-to-day measurements of basic mobility. The CAS was developed and validated in older patients with hip fracture as an early postoperative predictor of short-term outcome, but it is also used to assess geriatric in-patients with acute medical illness. Despite the fast- accumulating literature on the CAS, to date no systematic review synthesizing its psychometric properties has been published...
March 29, 2018: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29553223/the-effect-of-different-foot-orthoses-on-pain-and-health-related-quality-of-life-in-painful-flexible-flat-foot-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#17
Yasin Yurt, Gül Şener, Yavuz Yakut
BACKGROUND: Foot orthoses are widely used in conservative treatment of painful flexible flatfoot however research is limited to choose the best option in orthotic treatment. AIM: We aimed to compare the effects of computer-aided design/computer-aided manufacturing (CAD-CAM) and conventional insole types in comparison with sham insole, on pain and health related quality of life in patients with painful flexible flatfoot. DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial...
March 16, 2018: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29532649/contralateral-effect-of-short-duration-unilateral-neuromuscular-electrical-stimulation-and-focal-vibration-in-healthy-subjects
#18
Marco A Minetto, Alberto Botter, Giulia Gamerro, Ilaria Varvello, Giuseppe Massazza, Rosa G Bellomo, Nicola A Maffiuletti, Raoul Saggini
BACKGROUND: The "contralateral effect" phenomenon refers to the strength gain in the opposite, untrained homonymous muscle following unilateral training. Previous studies showed that neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) of the right quadriceps facilitated maximal voluntary strength and efferent neural drive of the left knee extensors, while no previous study investigated the contralateral effect elicited by focal muscle vibration. AIM: To investigate whether quadriceps NMES and focal vibration, when applied unilaterally, have the same potential to enhance the contralateral muscle strength and the associated neural drive...
March 12, 2018: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29532648/the-role-of-postural-control-in-the-association-between-aerobic-capacity-and-walking-capacity-in-chronic-stroke-a-cross-sectional-analysis
#19
Jacqueline C Outermans, Ingrid van de Port, Gert Kwakkel, Johanna M Visser-Meily, Harriet Wittink
BACKGROUND: Reports on the association between aerobic capacity and walking capacity in people after stroke show disparate results. AIM: To determine (1) if the predictive validity of peak oxygen uptake (VO2peak) for walking capacity post stroke is different from that of maximal oxygen uptake (VO2max) and (2) if postural control, hemiplegic lower extremity muscle strength, age and gender distort the association between aerobic capacity and walking capacity. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study...
March 12, 2018: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29517189/strength-training-increases-skeletal-muscle-quality-but-not-muscle-mass-in-old-institutionalized-adults-a-randomized-multi-arm-parallel-and-controlled-intervention-study
#20
Eva-Maria Strasser, Marlene Hofmann, Bernhard Franzke, Barbara Schober-Halper, Stefan Oesen, Waltraud Jandrasits, Alexandra Graf, Markus Praschak, Barbara Horvath-Mechtler, Christine Krammer, Martin Ploder, Norbert Bachl, Michael Quittan, Karl-Heinz Wagner, Barbara Wessner
BACKGROUND: Age related loss of skeletal muscle mass is accompanied by changes in muscle quality leading to impairment of functional status. AIM: This study investigated the effect of resistance training and nutritional supply on muscle mass and muscle quality in very old institutionalized adults. DESIGN: Prospective, randomized, multi-arm parallel and controlled intervention study. SETTING: This study was conducted in five retirement care facilities...
March 7, 2018: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
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