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Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158165/cardiac-3d-printing-for-better-understanding-of-congenital-heart-disease
#1
Khaled Hadeed, Philippe Acar, Yves Dulac, Fabio Cuttone, Xavier Alacoque, Clément Karsenty
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 17, 2017: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146107/cardiovascular-anatomy-in-children-with-bidirectional-glenn-anastomosis-regarding-the-transcatheter-fontan-completion
#2
Aleksander Sizarov, Francesca Raimondi, Damien Bonnet, Younes Boudjemline
BACKGROUND: Transcatheter stent-secured completion of total cavopulmonary connection (TCPC) after surgical preparations during the Glenn anastomosis procedure has been reported, but complications from this approach have precluded its clinical acceptance. AIMS: To analyse cardiovascular morphology and dimensions in children with bidirectional Glenn anastomosis, regarding the optimal device design for transcatheter Fontan completion without special surgical "preconditionings"...
November 13, 2017: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133182/a-novel-method-for-localization-and-ablation-of-conduction-gaps-after-wide-antral-circumferential-ablation-of-pulmonary-veins
#3
Raoul Bacquelin, Raphaël P Martins, Nathalie Behar, Vincent Galand, Baptiste Polin, Jonathan Lacaze, Frédéric Sebag, Christophe Leclercq, Jean-Claude Daubert, Philippe Mabo, Dominique Pavin
BACKGROUND: Atrial fibrillation ablation is often performed by achieving pulmonary vein isolation using the "wide antral circumferential ablation" (WACA) technique, but many pulmonary veins remain connected because of conduction gaps in the ablation line. AIM: To analyse the efficacy of a novel technique based on pacing manoeuvres to detect gaps in an initial WACA lesion. METHODS: Patients referred for radiofrequency atrial fibrillation ablation were enrolled prospectively...
November 10, 2017: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133181/national-trends-in-admission-for-cardiac-rehabilitation-after-a-myocardial-infarction-in-france-from-2010-to-2014
#4
Amélie Gabet, Christine De Peretti, Marie-Christine Iliou, Javier Nicolau, Valérie Olié
BACKGROUND: Follow-up care and rehabilitation services [soins de suite et réadaptation (SSR)], especially cardiac rehabilitation (CR), constitute a key stage for patients who have had an acute myocardial infarction (AMI). AIMS: To study admission to SSR, especially for CR, among patients hospitalized for AMI in France in 2014, and its temporal trend between 2010 and 2014. METHODS: We used the French National Hospital Database to select patients hospitalized with a main diagnosis of AMI (identified by ICD-10 codes I21 to I23) in the first semester of each year from 2010 to 2014...
November 10, 2017: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128474/clinical-implications-of-guiding-catheter-extubation-during-fractional-flow-reserve-measurements
#5
Christophe Pouillot, Karim Bougrini, Richard Vi Fane, Geoffray Rambaud, Jens Glasenapp, Christophe Geyer, Julien Adjedj
BACKGROUND: Fractional flow reserve (FFR) is defined by the maximal coronary flow ratio with and without stenosis. AIMS: We hypothesized that guiding catheter intubation in coronary ostia during FFR measurements may underestimate FFR value by limiting the increase of coronary flow during maximal hyperaemia. METHODS: Between June 2013 and January 2014, we prospectively included all patients with i.v. adenosine FFR measurements. FFR was measured with the guiding catheter intubated in the coronary ostia (FFRint) and extubated in the aorta (FFRext)...
November 8, 2017: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128473/transfemoral-aortic-valve-implantation-is-more-successful-with-the-edwards-sapien-3-compared-with-the-edwards-xt-for-the-treatment-of-symptomatic-severe-aortic-stenosis
#6
Birgid Gonska, Julia Seeger, Alexander Junker, Christoph Rodewald, Ulrike Trepte, Dominik Scharnbeck, Wolfgang Rottbauer, Jochen Wöhrle
BACKGROUND: Residual aortic regurgitation (AR) after transfemoral aortic valve implantation (TAVI) is associated with increased mortality. The new Edwards Sapien 3 valve (ES3) is designed to reduce paravalvular AR. AIM: To compare a new-generation and a late-generation balloon-expandable transcatheter heart valve. METHODS: In this study, 100 consecutive patients treated with the ES3 for symptomatic native severe aortic stenosis were compared with 100 consecutive patients treated with the Edwards Sapien XT valve (EXT); all valves were implanted via transfemoral access...
November 8, 2017: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126843/the-role-of-platelet-reactivity-assessment-in-dual-antiplatelet-prophylaxis-after-transcatheter-aortic-valve-implantation
#7
Katarzyna Czerwińska-Jelonkiewicz, Adam Witkowski, Maciej Dąbrowski, Walerian Piotrowski, Tomasz Hryniewiecki, Janina Stępińska
BACKGROUND: Dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) is recommended prophylaxis after transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). The usefulness of platelet reactivity (PLTR) tests in predicting the safety of periprocedural DAPT in the TAVI population is unknown. AIM: To analyze the value of aspirin/clopidogrel PLTR testing in predicting the risk of in-hospital TAVI-related bleeding. METHODS: PLTR, expressed as P2Y12/aspirin reaction units (PRU/ARU), was performed using optical aggregometry with the VerifyNow(®) device, in the 24h before and on the sixth day after TAVI...
November 7, 2017: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113787/nox4-genetic-inhibition-in-experimental-hypertension-and-metabolic-syndrome
#8
Ghina Bouabout, Estelle Ayme-Dietrich, Hugues Jacob, Marie-France Champy, Marie-Christine Birling, Guillaume Pavlovic, Lola Madeira, Lahcen El Fertak, Benoit Petit-Demoulière, Tania Sorg, Yann Herault, John Mudgett, Laurent Monassier
BACKGROUND: Metabolic syndrome is a combination of symptoms including obesity, dyslipidaemia, glucose intolerance and hypertension. Oxidative stress appears to be a pathophysiological factor that links these signs and encourages progression towards heart failure and diabetes. Nox4 is a hydrogen peroxide nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADPH) oxidase isoform - found in various cardiovascular cells and tissues, but also in tissues such as the liver - which is involved in glucose and lipid homeostasis...
November 4, 2017: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113786/pulmonary-dysfunction-and-development-of-different-cardiovascular-outcomes-in-the-general-population
#9
Inken Padberg, Alice Schneider, Ulrike Grittner, Manuel C Olma, Thomas Liman, Bob Siegerink
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary dysfunction and cardiovascular disease are major causes of impaired health status in later life, and co-development of these diseases has been reported. AIM: To better understand the pathobiology involved in the co-development of these diseases. METHODS: We investigated the impact of pulmonary dysfunction on the development of cardiovascular disease among people aged≥50 years in the English longitudinal study of ageing (ELSA)...
November 4, 2017: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100908/quality-of-life-in-children-participating-in-a-non-selective-inr-self-monitoring-vka-education-programme
#10
Pascal Amedro, Fanny Bajolle, Helena Bertet, Radhia Cheurfi, Dominique Lasne, Erika Nogue, Pascal Auquier, Marie-Christine Picot, Damien Bonnet
BACKGROUND: The quality of life (QoL) of children receiving vitamin K antagonist (VKA) treatment has been scarcely studied. AIM: To assess QoL of children, and its evolution, throughout our non-selective international normalized ratio (INR) self-monitoring education programme. METHODS: Children and parents completed QoL questionnaires (Qualin, PedsQL) during education sessions. Scores were compared with those from controls. RESULTS: A total of 111 children (mean±standard deviation age 8...
October 31, 2017: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097111/reduction-of-radiation-exposure-in-transcatheter-atrial-septal-defect-closure-how-low-must-we-go
#11
Fidelio Sitefane, Sophie Malekzadeh-Milani, Olivier Villemain, Magalie Ladouceur, Younes Boudjemline
BACKGROUND: Cardiac catheterization relies on X-ray imaging. Most procedures are now standardized. Interventionists must strive to minimize radiation exposure to reduce the risk of induced cancers. AIMS: To describe the radiation level in our institution, and evaluate the components contributing to radiation exposure, during transcatheter atrial septal defect (ASD) closure. METHODS: Radiation doses for ASD closure performed between January 2009 and November 2015 were reviewed retrospectively...
October 30, 2017: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097110/role-of-tumour-necrosis-factor-alpha-converting-enzyme-tace-adam17-and-associated-proteins-in-coronary-artery-disease-and-cardiac-events
#12
REVIEW
Melody Chemaly, Victoria McGilligan, Mark Gibson, Matthias Clauss, Steven Watterson, H Denis Alexander, Anthony John Bjourson, Aaron Peace
Tumour necrosis factor alpha converting enzyme (TACE/ADAM17) is a member of the A disintegrin and metalloproteinase (ADAM) family of ectodomain shedding proteinases. It regulates many inflammatory processes by cleaving several transmembrane proteins, including tumour necrosis factor alpha (TNFα) and its receptors tumour necrosis factor alpha receptor 1 and tumour necrosis factor alpha receptor 2. There is evidence that TACE is involved in several inflammatory diseases, such as ischaemia, heart failure, arthritis, atherosclerosis, diabetes and cancer as well as neurological and immune diseases...
October 30, 2017: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102366/time-course-of-secondary-mitral-regurgitation-in-patients-with-heart-failure-receiving-cardiac-resynchronization-therapy-impact-on-long-term-outcome-beyond-left-ventricular-reverse-remodelling
#13
Camille Binda, Aymeric Menet, Ludovic Appert, Pierre-Vladimir Ennezat, François Delelis, Anne-Laure Castel, Caroline Le Goffic, Yves Guyomar, Anne Ringlé, Raphaëlle-Ashley Guerbaai, Pierre Graux, Christophe Tribouilloy, Sylvestre Maréchaux
BACKGROUND: The prognostic value of secondary mitral regurgitation (MR) at baseline versus immediately after and several months after cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT), beyond left ventricular (LV) reverse remodelling, has yet to be investigated. AIM: To evaluate the clinical significance of secondary MR before and at two timepoints after CRT in a large cohort of consecutive patients with heart failure (HF) and reduced LV ejection fraction. METHODS: A total of 198 patients were recruited prospectively into a registry, and underwent echocardiography at baseline and immediately after CRT (on the day of hospital discharge)...
October 25, 2017: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102365/pregnancy-in-women-with-a-cardiomyopathy-outcomes-and-predictors-from-a-retrospective-cohort
#14
Gilles Billebeau, Martin Etienne, Riadh Cheikh-Khelifa, Daniele Vauthier-Brouzes, Estelle Gandjbakhch, Richard Isnard, Jacky Nizard, Michel Komajda, Marc Dommergues, Philippe Charron
BACKGROUND: Pregnancies in women with pre-existing cardiomyopathies are considered at high risk for complications. However, few data are available to characterize their natural history and predict the outcome. AIMS: Our aim was to evaluate the prevalence and predictors of acute cardiac and obstetric events in women with a cardiomyopathy during pregnancy, excluding peripartum cardiomyopathy. METHODS: In this retrospective study in a referral centre for cardiomyopathies, we included 43 consecutive pregnancies in 36 women with dilated, hypertrophic, arrhythmogenic right ventricular or tachycardia-induced cardiomyopathy, or left ventricular non-compaction...
October 25, 2017: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102364/immediate-and-1-year-follow-up-with-the-novel-nanosurface-modified-cobra-pzf-stent
#15
Luc Maillard, Alain Tavildari, Nicolas Barra, Jacques Billé, Patrick Joly, Patrick Peycher, Marc Silvestri, François Vochelet
BACKGROUND: The COBRA PzF coronary stent, which has a unique nano-coating of Polyzene-F, was developed to reduce the risk of stent thrombosis. AIMS: To report procedural and 1-year clinical outcomes following COBRA PzF coronary stent implantation in a real-world percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) registry. METHODS: All patients assigned to treatment with the COBRA PzF in the GCS Axium Rambot Center, Aix-en-Provence, France between February 2013 to June 2014 were prospectively enrolled...
October 25, 2017: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051009/targeting-the-immune-response-in-atherosclerosis-it-s-time-for-clinical-trials
#16
Jeremie Joffre, Hafid Ait-Oufella
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 16, 2017: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031580/prevalence-and-characteristics-of-coronary-artery-disease-in-heart-failure-with-preserved-and-mid-range-ejection-fractions-a-systematic-angiography-approach
#17
Lory Trevisan, Jennifer Cautela, Noemie Resseguier, Marc Laine, Stephane Arques, Johan Pinto, Morgane Orabona, Jeremie Barraud, Michael Peyrol, Franck Paganelli, Laurent Bonello, Franck Thuny
BACKGROUND: Guidelines recommend careful screening and treatment of coronary artery disease (CAD) in heart failure with preserved or mid-range ejection fraction (HFpEF/HFmEF). AIM: We aimed to determine the prevalence and characteristics of CAD using a prospective systematic coronary angiography approach. METHODS: A systematic coronary angiography protocol was applied in consecutive patients admitted for HFpEF/HFmEF during a 6-month period in a single centre...
October 11, 2017: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030064/five-year-major-clinical-outcomes-according-to-severity-of-coronary-artery-spasm-as-assessed-by-intracoronary-acetylcholine-provocation-test
#18
Yong Hoon Kim, Ae-Young Her, Seung-Woon Rha, Byoung Geol Choi, Minsuk Shim, Se Yeon Choi, Jae Kyeong Byun, Hu Li, Woohyeun Kim, Jun Hyuk Kang, Jah Yeon Choi, Eun Jin Park, Sung Hun Park, Sunki Lee, Jin Oh Na, Cheol Ung Choi, Hong Euy Lim, Eung Ju Kim, Chang Gyu Park, Hong Seog Seo, Dong Joo Oh
BACKGROUND: Long-term clinical outcome data according to severity of coronary artery spasm (CAS) as assessed by an intracoronary acetylcholine provocation test are limited in series of Asian patients. AIM: To investigate 5-year clinical outcomes in patients with CAS according to CAS severity. METHODS: In total, 5873 consecutive patients with insignificant coronary artery disease (<70% fixed stenosis) who underwent an acetylcholine provocation test were enrolled and divided into four groups according to CAS severity during the acetylcholine provocation test: negative, borderline positive, moderately positive and severely positive...
October 10, 2017: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030063/immediate-and-midterm-results-of-balloon-angioplasty-for-recurrent-aortic-coarctation-in-children-aged-1-year
#19
Bruno Lefort, Matthias Lachaud, Jean Marc El Arid, Paul Neville, Nathalie Soulé, Patrice Guérin, Alain Chantepie
BACKGROUND: Several publications have considered results of percutaneous angioplasty for aortic recoarctation, but none focused on procedures performed in children aged<1 year. AIMS: To describe the immediate and midterm results of balloon angioplasty for recoarctation before the age of 1 year, and to define the factors that might influence outcome. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed data from 20 consecutive children undergoing percutaneous dilatation for aortic recoarctation before the age of 1 year in the University Hospitals of Tours and Nantes...
October 10, 2017: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988597/dosing-issues-with-non-vitamin%C3%A2-k-antagonist-oral-anticoagulants-for-the-treatment-of-non-valvular-atrial-fibrillation-why-we-should-not-underdose-our-patients
#20
Jean-Guillaume Dillinger, Boris Aleil, Saida Cheggour, Ygal Benhamou, Yannick Béjot, Sylvestre Marechaux, Aurelien Delluc, Laurent Bertoletti, Nicolas Lellouche
Non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants (NOACs) - dabigatran, rivaroxaban, apixaban and edoxaban - are well established in terms of preventing stroke or systemic embolism in patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation and high thromboembolism risk. When prescribed incorrectly, NOACs are associated with an increased risk of ischaemic events and bleeding. Current NOAC labels explicitly address dose adjustments according to age, body weight, renal function and concomitant treatment with P-glycoprotein inhibitors...
October 2, 2017: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases
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