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Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943264/could-anticoagulation-avoid-bioprosthesis-subclinical-thrombosis-in-patients-undergoing-transcatheter-aortic-valve-replacement
#1
François Huchet, Vincent Letocart, Patrice Guerin, Caroline Cueff, Julie Roy-Giocosa, Béatrice Guyomarch-Delasalle, Philippe Jaafar, Thibaut Manigold
BACKGROUND: Despite a lack of clear evidence, current European guidelines recommend antiplatelet therapy after transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR). Recent investigations suggest that bioprosthesis thrombosis after TAVR is not uncommon and may be prevented by anticoagulation, but not by antiplatelet therapy. AIMS: The study objective was to assess the impact of the antithrombotic regimen on post-TAVR early haemodynamics. METHODS: Patients eligible for TAVR with an Edwards SAPIEN 3 valve were included in this prospective observational study...
September 21, 2017: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943263/definition-of-indicators-of-the-appropriateness-of-oral-anticoagulant-prescriptions-in-hospitalized-adults-literature-review-and-consensus-pacha-study
#2
Aurélie Petit-Monéger, Frantz Thiessard, Pernelle Noize, Driss Berdaï, Vianney Jouhet, Florence Saillour-Glénisson, Louis-Rachid Salmi
BACKGROUND: Indicators of the appropriateness of oral anticoagulant prescriptions are lacking, despite the major contribution they could make to improve quality of care. AIM: To identify and select such indicators according to their utility and operational implementation. METHODS: A literature review was conducted to identify indicators of the appropriateness of oral anticoagulant prescriptions according to the guidelines of health authorities and European learned societies...
September 21, 2017: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943262/effectiveness-of-a-patient-education-programme-in-heart-failure-with-preserved-ejection-fraction-results-from-the-odin-cohort-study-using-propensity-score-matching
#3
Nelly Agrinier, Matthieu Schockmel, Nathalie Thilly, Hervé Laborde-Castérot, Patrick Jourdain, François Alla, Christophe Leclercq, François Dany, Justine Druelle, Emilie Drouet, Geneviève Mulak, Yves Juillière
BACKGROUND: Patient education programmes (PEP) are recommended for patients with heart failure but have not been specifically assessed in heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF). AIM: To assess the effectiveness of a structured PEP in reducing all-cause mortality in patients with HFpEF. METHODS: Patients with HFpEF were selected from the ODIN cohort, designed to assess PEP effectiveness in patients with HF whatever their ejection fraction, included from 2007 to 2010, and followed up until 2013...
September 21, 2017: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942115/quality-of-life-and-patient-satisfaction-in-patients-with-atrial-fibrillation-on-stable-vitamin-k-antagonist-treatment-or-switched-to-a-non-vitamin-k-antagonist-oral-anticoagulant-during-a-1-year-follow-up-a-prefer-in-af-registry-substudy
#4
Raffaele De Caterina, Bernd Brüggenjürgen, Harald Darius, Sabine Köhler, Markus Lucerna, Ladislav Pecen, Giulia Renda, Richard John Schilling, Tessa Schliephacke, José Luis Zamorano, Jean-Yves Le Heuzey, Paulus Kirchhof
BACKGROUND: Non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants (NOACs) are being introduced for stroke prevention in non-valvular Atrial Fibrillation (AF), and promise to be accepted better than Vitamin K Antagonists (VKAs) by patients, improving their Quality of Life (QoL). AIM: To assess to what extent patient-related factors influence decisions to switch from a VKA to a NOAC. METHODS: The PREFER in AF Registry collected data at baseline in 2012 - at the beginning of NOAC prescriptions - and at 1-year follow-up, in 6412 patients in seven Western European countries...
September 20, 2017: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28939193/prognostic-impact-of-prepercutaneous-coronary-intervention-timi-flow-in-patients-with-st-segment-and-non-st-segment-elevation-myocardial-infarction-results-from-the-fast-mi-2010-registry
#5
Clotilde Bailleul, Nadia Aissaoui, Guillaume Cayla, Jean-Guillaume Dillinger, Bernard Jouve, François Schiele, Jean Ferrières, Tabassome Simon, Nicolas Danchin, Etienne Puymirat
BACKGROUND: Thrombolysis in myocardial infarction (TIMI) flow grade 2 or 3 before percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is associated with improved outcomes. However, no recent data are available on its impact beyond 1 year and/or by type of AMI. AIMS: To assess the prognostic impact of prePCI TIMI flow at 30 days and 3 years in patients with ST-segment elevation (STEMI) or non-ST-segment elevation (NSTEMI) AMI. METHODS: We compared long-term outcomes associated with TIMI flow grade 2/3 versus 0/1 in patients referred for PCI in the nationwide French registry of acute ST-segment elevation or non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (FAST-MI) 2010...
September 19, 2017: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927960/a-comparison-between-multipolar-mapping-and-conventional-mapping-of-atrial-tachycardias-in-the-context-of-atrial-fibrillation-ablation
#6
Sok-Sithikun Bun, Tahar Delassi, Decebal Gabriel Latcu, Mohammed El Jamili, Anis Ayari, Abdelkarim Errahmouni, Benjamin Berte, Nadir Saoudi
BACKGROUND: Activation mapping can be challenging and time-consuming in patients with multiple atrial tachycardias (ATs). AIMS: To compare multielectrode mapping using a dedicated mapping catheter - PentaRay (Biosense Webster Inc.) - and the conventional technique for mapping ATs in the context of atrial fibrillation (AF) ablation. METHODS: All procedures where PentaRay mapping of AT were used - after or during persistent AF ablation - were analysed...
September 15, 2017: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927959/layer-specific-deformation-of-the-left-ventricle-in-uncomplicated-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-and-arterial-hypertension
#7
Marijana Tadic, Cesare Cuspidi, Vladan Vukomanovic, Sanja Ilic, Philippe Obert, Vesna Kocijancic, Vera Celic
BACKGROUND: Detailed analysis of layer-specific mechanical changes in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) might improve insight into left ventricular (LV) remodelling and diabetic cardiomyopathy. AIM: We sought to investigate layer-specific LV deformation in patients with DM, with and without hypertension. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 146 subjects (44 controls; 48 patients with DM; 54 patients with DM and hypertension) who underwent complete examination by two-dimensional echocardiography (2DE), including multilayer strain analysis...
September 15, 2017: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917832/hypoxia-and-heart-regeneration-a-new-paradoxical-approach-for-cardioprotection
#8
Luc Rochette, Gabriel Malka, Yves Cottin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 13, 2017: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882433/reporting-of-three-dimensional-echocardiography-derived-left-ventricular-volumes-comes-of-age
#9
Wendy Tsang, Roberto M Lang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 4, 2017: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28751003/follow-up-of-children-or-teenagers-with-paroxysmal-supraventricular-tachycardia-but-without-pre-excitation-syndrome
#10
Béatrice Brembilla-Perrot, Arnaud Olivier, Thibaut Villemin, Vladimir Manenti, Julie Vincent, Anne Moulin-Zinsch, Jean-Paul Lethor, Anne Tisserant, François Marçon, Sellal Jean Marc
BACKGROUND: Paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia (SVT) is considered benign in children if the electrocardiogram in sinus rhythm is normal, but causes anxiety in parents, children and doctors. AIMS: To report on the clinical and electrophysiological data from children with SVT, their follow-up and management. METHODS: Overall, 188 children/teenagers (mean age 15±2.8 years) with a normal electrocardiogram in sinus rhythm were studied for SVT, and followed for 2...
July 24, 2017: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735838/cardiovascular-effects-of-air-pollution
#11
REVIEW
Thomas Bourdrel, Marie-Abèle Bind, Yannick Béjot, Olivier Morel, Jean-François Argacha
Air pollution is composed of particulate matter (PM) and gaseous pollutants, such as nitrogen dioxide and ozone. PM is classified according to size into coarse particles (PM10), fine particles (PM2.5) and ultrafine particles. We aim to provide an original review of the scientific evidence from epidemiological and experimental studies examining the cardiovascular effects of outdoor air pollution. Pooled epidemiological studies reported that a 10μg/m(3) increase in long-term exposure to PM2.5 was associated with an 11% increase in cardiovascular mortality...
July 20, 2017: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735837/coronary-artery-calcification-from-crystal-to-plaque-rupture
#12
REVIEW
Loïc Panh, Olivier Lairez, Jean-Bernard Ruidavets, Michel Galinier, Didier Carrié, Jean Ferrières
Epidemiological studies using coronary artery calcification measurement have linked calcification strongly with coronary events and mortality. Formerly considered as a passive age-related phenomenon, coronary artery calcification is now recognized as an active and regulated process. In fact, there is a local influence linked to the inflammation generated by the presence of oxidized lipids and, equally, a general influence from mineral metabolism factors, such as inorganic phosphate, calcium, pyrophosphate or fibroblast growth factor 23, which are regulators of cell differentiation and of phosphate and calcium deposition on the vascular layers...
July 20, 2017: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734687/three-dimensional-interlead-distance-predicts-response-and-outcomes-after-cardiac-resynchronization-therapy
#13
Nicolas Clementy, Guillaume Laborie, Bertrand Pierre, Nazih Benhenda, Dominique Babuty, Laurent Fauchier
BACKGROUND: Approximately one-third of patients do not respond favourably to cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT). A longer distance between ventricular leads may improve response. AIM: To study the impact of the true three-dimensional interlead distance (ILD) on outcomes. METHODS: Consecutive patients undergoing CRT device implantation were included prospectively. Interlead separation was measured from postprocedural anterior-posterior and lateral chest X-rays...
July 19, 2017: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669483/right-ventricular-strain-in-heart-failure-clinical-perspective
#14
REVIEW
Marijana Tadic, Elisabeth Pieske-Kraigher, Cesare Cuspidi, Daniel A Morris, Franziska Burkhardt, Ana Baudisch, Sabine Haßfeld, Carsten Tschöpe, Burket Pieske
The number of studies demonstrating the importance of right ventricular remodelling in a wide range of cardiovascular diseases has increased in the past two decades. Speckle-tracking imaging provides new variables that give comprehensive information about right ventricular function and mechanics. In this review, we summarize current knowledge of right ventricular mechanics in heart failure with reduced ejection fraction and preserved ejection fraction. We searched PubMed, MEDLINE, Ovid and Embase databases for studies published from January 2000 to December 2016 in the English language using the following keywords: "right ventricle"; "strain"; "speckle tracking"; "heart failure with reduced ejection fraction"; and "heart failure with preserved ejection fraction"...
June 29, 2017: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629781/position-paper-for-the-evaluation-and-management-of-oral-status-in-patients-with-valvular-disease-groupe-de-travail-valvulopathies-de-la-soci%C3%A3-t%C3%A3-fran%C3%A3-aise-de-cardiologie-soci%C3%A3-t%C3%A3-fran%C3%A3-aise-de-chirurgie-orale-soci%C3%A3-t%C3%A3-fran%C3%A3-aise-de-parodontologie-et-d-implantologie
#15
REVIEW
Sarah Millot, Philippe Lesclous, Marie-Laure Colombier, Loredana Radoi, Clément Messeca, Mathieu Ballanger, Jean-Luc Charrier, Philippe Tramba, Stéphane Simon, Alain Berrebi, Fabien Doguet, Emmanuel Lansac, Christophe Tribouilloy, Gilbert Habib, Xavier Duval, Bernard Iung
Oral health is of particular importance in patients with heart valve diseases because of the risk of infective endocarditis. Recommendations for antibiotic prophylaxis before dental procedures have been restricted, but the modalities of oral evaluation and dental care are not detailed in guidelines. Therefore, a multidisciplinary working group reviewed the literature to propose detailed approaches for the evaluation and management of buccodental status in patients with valvular disease. Simple questions asked by a non-dental specialist may draw attention to buccodental diseases...
August 2017: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566197/cardiac-sarcoidosis-diagnosis-therapeutic-management-and-prognostic-factors
#16
Catherine Chapelon-Abric, Damien Sene, David Saadoun, Philippe Cluzel, Olivier Vignaux, Nathalie Costedoat-Chalumeau, Jean-Clarles Piette, Patrice Cacoub
BACKGROUND: Cardiac sarcoidosis (CS) is a severe localization, observed mostly in cardiology departments. Despite appropriate cardiological treatment, CS is a potentially life-threatening condition, and accounts for 13-85% of sarcoidosis-related deaths. AIMS: This retrospective study aimed to give an overview of CS in a non-cardiac unit, to analyse the effect of first-line immunosuppressive treatment on outcome and survival and to evaluate factors associated with relapses...
August 2017: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528995/the-usefulness-of-global-left-atrial-strain-for-predicting-atrial-fibrillation-recurrence-after-catheter-ablation-in-patients-with-persistent-and-paroxysmal-atrial-fibrillation
#17
Xin-Xin Ma, Yue-Li Zhang, Bing Hu, Meng-Ruo Zhu, Wen-Jun Jiang, Man Wang, Dong-Yan Zheng, Xiao-Pei Xue
BACKGROUND: Given the potential complications of atrial fibrillation (AF) recurrence after ablation, better predictors of the effectiveness of the procedure are necessary to guide patient selection. AIM: This prospective study was conducted to evaluate the clinical relevance of global left atrial longitudinal strain (GLAS) and AF recurrence after catheter ablation. METHODS: In 115 consecutive patients with AF (persistent, n=62; paroxysmal, n=53), transthoracic echocardiography was performed before catheter ablation to assess baseline left atrial mechanical function using speckle tracking echocardiography (STE)...
August 2017: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501559/fast-accurate-and-easy-to-teach-qt-interval-assessment-the-triplicate-concatenation-method
#18
Valentin Saqué, Martino Vaglio, Christian Funck-Brentano, Maya Kilani, Olivier Bourron, Agnès Hartemann, Fabio Badilini, Joe-Elie Salem
BACKGROUND: The gold standard method for assessing the QTcF (QT corrected for heart rate by Fridericia's cube root formula) interval is the "QTcF semiautomated triplicate averaging method" (TAM), which consists of measuring three QTcF values semiautomatically, for each 10-second sequence of a triplicate electrocardiogram set, and averaging them to get a global and unique QTcF value. Thus, TAM is time consuming. We have developed a new method, namely the "QTcF semiautomated triplicate concatenation method" (TCM), which consists of concatenating the three 10-second sequences of the triplicate electrocardiogram set as if they were a single 30-second electrocardiogram, and measuring QTcF only once for the triplicate electrocardiogram set...
August 2017: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479041/cardiogenic-shock-management-still-a-challenge-and-a-need-for-large-registry-data
#19
Clement Delmas, Guillaume Leurent, Nicolas Lamblin, Eric Bonnefoy, François Roubille
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416296/hiv-infection-and-aortic-stiffness
#20
REVIEW
Luisa Helena Maia Leite, Ariel Cohen, Franck Boccara
People living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection and receiving antiretroviral therapy now have the same life expectancy as the general population. However, they have a higher risk of atherosclerotic cardiovascular events because of a complex and polyfactorial vasculopathy, combining the effects of antiretroviral therapy, the HIV virus itself, immune activation, chronic inflammation and metabolic disturbances. Whether people living with HIV infection experience increased vascular aging compared with the general population remains controversial...
August 2017: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases
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