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Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735838/cardiovascular-effects-of-air-pollution
#1
REVIEW
Thomas Bourdrel, Marie-Abèle Bind, Yannick Béjot, Olivier Morel, Jean-François Argacha
Air pollution is composed of particulate matter (PM) and gaseous pollutants, such as nitrogen dioxide and ozone. PM is classified according to size into coarse particles (PM10), fine particles (PM2.5) and ultrafine particles. We aim to provide an original review of the scientific evidence from epidemiological and experimental studies examining the cardiovascular effects of outdoor air pollution. Pooled epidemiological studies reported that a 10μg/m(3) increase in long-term exposure to PM2.5 was associated with an 11% increase in cardiovascular mortality...
July 20, 2017: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735837/coronary-artery-calcification-from-crystal-to-plaque-rupture
#2
REVIEW
Loïc Panh, Olivier Lairez, Jean-Bernard Ruidavets, Michel Galinier, Didier Carrié, Jean Ferrières
Epidemiological studies using coronary artery calcification measurement have linked calcification strongly with coronary events and mortality. Formerly considered as a passive age-related phenomenon, coronary artery calcification is now recognized as an active and regulated process. In fact, there is a local influence linked to the inflammation generated by the presence of oxidized lipids and, equally, a general influence from mineral metabolism factors, such as inorganic phosphate, calcium, pyrophosphate or fibroblast growth factor 23, which are regulators of cell differentiation and of phosphate and calcium deposition on the vascular layers...
July 20, 2017: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734687/three-dimensional-interlead-distance-predicts-response-and-outcomes-after-cardiac-resynchronization-therapy
#3
Nicolas Clementy, Guillaume Laborie, Bertrand Pierre, Nazih Benhenda, Dominique Babuty, Laurent Fauchier
BACKGROUND: Approximately one-third of patients do not respond favourably to cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT). A longer distance between ventricular leads may improve response. AIM: To study the impact of the true three-dimensional interlead distance (ILD) on outcomes. METHODS: Consecutive patients undergoing CRT device implantation were included prospectively. Interlead separation was measured from postprocedural anterior-posterior and lateral chest X-rays...
July 19, 2017: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669483/right-ventricular-strain-in-heart-failure-clinical-perspective
#4
REVIEW
Marijana Tadic, Elisabeth Pieske-Kraigher, Cesare Cuspidi, Daniel A Morris, Franziska Burkhardt, Ana Baudisch, Sabine Haßfeld, Carsten Tschöpe, Burket Pieske
The number of studies demonstrating the importance of right ventricular remodelling in a wide range of cardiovascular diseases has increased in the past two decades. Speckle-tracking imaging provides new variables that give comprehensive information about right ventricular function and mechanics. In this review, we summarize current knowledge of right ventricular mechanics in heart failure with reduced ejection fraction and preserved ejection fraction. We searched PubMed, MEDLINE, Ovid and Embase databases for studies published from January 2000 to December 2016 in the English language using the following keywords: "right ventricle"; "strain"; "speckle tracking"; "heart failure with reduced ejection fraction"; and "heart failure with preserved ejection fraction"...
June 29, 2017: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647466/incidence-indications-and-predicting-factors-of-permanent-pacemaker-implantation-after-transcatheter-aortic-valve-implantation-a-retrospective-study
#5
Mathieu Becker, Hugues Blangy, Thierry Folliguet, Thibault Villemin, Luc Freysz, Amandine Luc, Pablo Maureira, Batric Popovic, Arnaud Olivier, Nicolas Sadoul
BACKGROUND: As the number of transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) procedures is constantly increasing, it is important to consider common complications, such as pacemaker (PM) implantation, and their specific risk factors. AIMS: Echocardiographic, computed tomography and electrocardiographic data were analysed to determine the predicting factors, if any, associated with PM implantation. METHODS: This retrospective study included patients referred to Nancy University Hospital for a TAVI procedure from January 2013 to December 2015...
June 21, 2017: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647465/french-registry-on-acute-st-elevation-and-non-st-elevation-myocardial-infarction-2015-fast-mi-2015-design-and-baseline-data
#6
Loïc Belle, Guillaume Cayla, Yves Cottin, Pierre Coste, Khalife Khalife, Jean-Noël Labèque, Bruno Farah, Thibaut Perret, Patrick Goldstein, Pierre-Yves Gueugniaud, François Braun, Jacques Gauthier, Martine Gilard, Jean-Yves Le Heuzey, Nicolas Naccache, Elodie Drouet, Vincent Bataille, Jean Ferrières, Etienne Puymirat, François Schiele, Tabassome Simon, Nicolas Danchin
BACKGROUND: The FAST-MI programme, consisting of 1-month surveys of patients admitted to hospital for acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in France, has run since 2005. AIM: To gather data on the characteristics, management and outcomes of patients hospitalized for AMI at the end of 2015 in France and to provide comparisons with the previous surveys. METHODS: Consecutive adults with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) or non-ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) with symptom onset≤48hours were included over a 1-month period, with a possible extension of recruitment for 1 additional month...
June 21, 2017: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629781/position-paper-for-the-evaluation-and-management-of-oral-status-in-patients-with-valvular-disease-groupe-de-travail-valvulopathies-de-la-soci%C3%A3-t%C3%A3-fran%C3%A3-aise-de-cardiologie-soci%C3%A3-t%C3%A3-fran%C3%A3-aise-de-chirurgie-orale-soci%C3%A3-t%C3%A3-fran%C3%A3-aise-de-parodontologie-et-d-implantologie
#7
REVIEW
Sarah Millot, Philippe Lesclous, Marie-Laure Colombier, Loredana Radoi, Clément Messeca, Mathieu Ballanger, Jean-Luc Charrier, Philippe Tramba, Stéphane Simon, Alain Berrebi, Fabien Doguet, Emmanuel Lansac, Christophe Tribouilloy, Gilbert Habib, Xavier Duval, Bernard Iung
Oral health is of particular importance in patients with heart valve diseases because of the risk of infective endocarditis. Recommendations for antibiotic prophylaxis before dental procedures have been restricted, but the modalities of oral evaluation and dental care are not detailed in guidelines. Therefore, a multidisciplinary working group reviewed the literature to propose detailed approaches for the evaluation and management of buccodental status in patients with valvular disease. Simple questions asked by a non-dental specialist may draw attention to buccodental diseases...
June 16, 2017: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629780/is-bilateral-internal-thoracic-artery-grafting-a-safe-option-for-chronic-dialysis-patients
#8
Giuseppe Gatti, Andrea Perrotti, Antonio Fiore, Eric Bergoend, Sidney Chocron, Jean-Paul Couetil, Gianfranco Sinagra, Aniello Pappalardo
BACKGROUND: The use of bilateral internal thoracic artery (BITA) grafting has been proposed for dialysis patients with multivessel coronary artery disease, primarily because of hypothetical long-term survival benefits. AIMS: To investigate the outcome of BITA grafting in dialysis patients. METHODS: This was a retrospective analysis of the use of BITA grafting in 105 consecutive patients with end-stage renal failure on chronic dialysis in three European centres with extensive experience in BITA...
June 16, 2017: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583820/impact-of-platelet-inhibition-level-on-subsequent-no-reflow-in-patients-undergoing-primary-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-for-st-segment-elevation-myocardial-infarction
#9
Omar Aitmokhtar, Franck Paganelli, Saida Benamara, Adel Azaza, Laurent Bonello, Ouafa Hamza, Saber Seddiki, Tayeb Benathmane, Mourad Saidane, Ahmed Bouzid, Maamar Kara, Arezki Sik, Abdelmalek Azzouz, Faiza Harbi, Jean-Jacques Monsuez, Salim Benkhedda
BACKGROUND: High P2Y12 platelet reactivity (PR) level after primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PPCI) for ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) affects prognosis and may induce the no-reflow phenomenon. AIM: To investigate the role of PR in the genesis of microvascular obstruction. METHODS: Patients with STEMI undergoing PPCI within 12hours of symptoms onset were included prospectively. All patients received a 600mg clopidogrel-loading dose before PPCI and 250mg aspirin...
June 2, 2017: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579111/clinical-features-and-prognosis-of-infective-endocarditis-in-children-insights-from-a-tunisian-multicentre-registry
#10
Walid Jomaa, Imen Ben Ali, Dorra Abid, Samia Hajri Ernez, Leila Abid, Faten Triki, Samir Kammoun, Anissa Gharbi, Oussama Ben Rejeb, Abdallah Mahdhaoui, Gouider Jeridi, Mohamed A Azaiez, Aymen El Hraiech, Khaldoun Ben Hamda, Faouzi Maatouk
BACKGROUND: Infective endocarditis (IE) is a rare condition in the paediatric setting. No data on the epidemiology and prognosis of IE in children are available from North African countries. AIM: To investigate the epidemiological profile and prognosis of IE in children in Tunisia. METHODS: All patients aged≤18 years presenting with IE in three Tunisian tertiary care centres between January 1997 and September 2013 were included. Clinical features and 30-day and 6-month mortality rates were studied...
May 31, 2017: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566200/performance-of-new-automated-transthoracic-three-dimensional-echocardiographic-software-for-left-ventricular-volumes-and-function-assessment-in-routine-clinical-practice-comparison-with-3%C3%A2-tesla-cardiac-magnetic-resonance
#11
Franck Levy, Elie Dan Schouver, Laura Iacuzio, Filippo Civaia, Stephane Rusek, Carinne Dommerc, Sylvestre Marechaux, Vincent Dor, Christophe Tribouilloy, Gilles Dreyfus
BACKGROUND: Three-dimensional (3D) transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) is superior to two-dimensional Simpson's method for assessment of left ventricular (LV) volumes and LV ejection fraction (LVEF). Nevertheless, 3D TTE is not incorporated into everyday practice, as current LV chamber quantification software products are time-consuming. AIMS: To evaluate the feasibility, accuracy and reproducibility of new fully automated fast 3D TTE software (HeartModel(A.I.); Philips Healthcare, Andover, MA, USA) for quantification of LV volumes and LVEF in routine practice; to compare the 3D LV volumes and LVEF obtained with a cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) reference; and to optimize automated default border settings with CMR as reference...
May 26, 2017: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566199/determinants-of-left-atrial-volume-index-in-patients-with-aortic-stenosis-a-multicentre-pilot-study
#12
Dan Rusinaru, Yohann Bohbot, Erwan Salaun, Erwan Donal, Anne-Claire Calsata, Elena Galli, Cécile Lavoute, Maxime Fournet, Catherine Szymanski, Christophe Leclercq, Gilbert Habib, Christophe Tribouilloy
BACKGROUND: Left atrial (LA) enlargement is frequent in patients with aortic stenosis (AS), yet its determinants and prognostic implications are poorly understood. AIMS: To identify the echocardiographic variables associated with increased LA volume index (LAVI), and test the prognostic value of LAVI in AS. METHODS: We prospectively included 715 patients with AS in sinus rhythm at enrolment. Echocardiography was performed at baseline. Median follow-up was 22...
May 26, 2017: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566198/ebstein-s-anomaly-in-adults-modified-cone-reconstruction-of-the-tricuspid-valve-is-associated-with-promising-outcomes
#13
Emre Belli, Martin Rabot, Jérôme Petit, Marielle Gouton
BACKGROUND: Ebstein's anomaly is a complex malformation. Justification of a procedure in mildly symptomatic adults is debatable: repair techniques are demanding and valve replacement is associated with poorer outcome. OBJECTIVES: We report our initial experience with the cone procedure versus medical follow-up. METHODS: Patients aged≥15years with Ebstein's anomaly were enrolled during 2007-2014. The cone procedure was performed in consecutive patients with severe tricuspid regurgitation (TR); those with less severe disease did not undergo surgery, although some underwent percutaneous catheter atrial septal defect closure...
May 26, 2017: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566197/cardiac-sarcoidosis-diagnosis-therapeutic-management-and-prognostic-factors
#14
Catherine Chapelon-Abric, Damien Sene, David Saadoun, Philippe Cluzel, Olivier Vignaux, Nathalie Costedoat-Chalumeau, Jean-Clarles Piette, Patrice Cacoub
BACKGROUND: Cardiac sarcoidosis (CS) is a severe localization, observed mostly in cardiology departments. Despite appropriate cardiological treatment, CS is a potentially life-threatening condition, and accounts for 13-85% of sarcoidosis-related deaths. AIMS: This retrospective study aimed to give an overview of CS in a non-cardiac unit, to analyse the effect of first-line immunosuppressive treatment on outcome and survival and to evaluate factors associated with relapses...
May 26, 2017: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28552224/from-evidence-based-medicine-to-personalized-medicine-with-particular-emphasis-on-drug-safety-monitoring
#15
REVIEW
Pierre-Vladimir Ennezat, Shona Cosgrove, Hélène Bouvaist, Sylvestre Maréchaux, Raphaëlle-Ashley Guerbaai, Thierry Le Jemtel, Michel Andréjak, Denis Vital-Durand
Nowadays, guidelines are derived from the findings of randomized controlled therapeutic trials. However, an overall significant P value does not exclude that some patients may be harmed by or will not respond to the therapeutic agent being studied. Trials in patients with a low risk of events and/or a limited chance of providing significant differences in therapeutic effects require a large patient population to demonstrate a beneficial effect. Composite efficacy endpoints are often employed to obviate the need for a large patient population when low rates of events or limited therapeutic efficacy are anticipated...
May 25, 2017: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549918/percutaneous-pulmonary-melody-%C3%A2-valve-implantation-in-small-conduits
#16
Myriam Bensemlali, Sophie Malekzadeh-Milani, Meriem Mostefa-Kara, Damien Bonnet, Younes Boudjemline
BACKGROUND: The Melody(®) pulmonary valve has received approval for the treatment of dysfunctional right ventricular (RV) outflow tract conduits ≥16mm. AIMS: To investigate technical and clinical outcomes in patients who underwent percutaneous pulmonary valve implantation (PPVI) in conduits ≤16mm. METHODS: Eleven patients were enrolled retrospectively between 2000 and 2015 in a cardiac referral centre. RESULTS: The PPVI indications were obstruction (n=5); regurgitation (n=1); and mixed lesions (n=5)...
May 23, 2017: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528995/the-usefulness-of-global-left-atrial-strain-for-predicting-atrial-fibrillation-recurrence-after-catheter-ablation-in-patients-with-persistent-and-paroxysmal-atrial-fibrillation
#17
Xin-Xin Ma, Yue-Li Zhang, Bing Hu, Meng-Ruo Zhu, Wen-Jun Jiang, Man Wang, Dong-Yan Zheng, Xiao-Pei Xue
BACKGROUND: Given the potential complications of atrial fibrillation (AF) recurrence after ablation, better predictors of the effectiveness of the procedure are necessary to guide patient selection. AIM: This prospective study was conducted to evaluate the clinical relevance of global left atrial longitudinal strain (GLAS) and AF recurrence after catheter ablation. METHODS: In 115 consecutive patients with AF (persistent, n=62; paroxysmal, n=53), transthoracic echocardiography was performed before catheter ablation to assess baseline left atrial mechanical function using speckle tracking echocardiography (STE)...
May 18, 2017: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501559/fast-accurate-and-easy-to-teach-qt-interval-assessment-the-triplicate-concatenation-method
#18
Valentin Saqué, Martino Vaglio, Christian Funck-Brentano, Maya Kilani, Olivier Bourron, Agnès Hartemann, Fabio Badilini, Joe-Elie Salem
BACKGROUND: The gold standard method for assessing the QTcF (QT corrected for heart rate by Fridericia's cube root formula) interval is the "QTcF semiautomated triplicate averaging method" (TAM), which consists of measuring three QTcF values semiautomatically, for each 10-second sequence of a triplicate electrocardiogram set, and averaging them to get a global and unique QTcF value. Thus, TAM is time consuming. We have developed a new method, namely the "QTcF semiautomated triplicate concatenation method" (TCM), which consists of concatenating the three 10-second sequences of the triplicate electrocardiogram set as if they were a single 30-second electrocardiogram, and measuring QTcF only once for the triplicate electrocardiogram set...
May 11, 2017: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479042/baseline-characteristics-and-outcomes-after-transcatheter-aortic-valve-implantation-in-patients-with-or-without-previous-balloon-aortic-valvuloplasty-insights-from-the-france-2-registry
#19
Loïc Bière, Amélie Durfort, Olivier Fouquet, Jean-François Hamel, Pascal Leprince, Karine Chevreul, Alain Prat, Michel Lievre, Patrick Donzeau-Gouge, Jean Fajadet, Emmanuel Teiger, Hélène Eltchaninoff, Bernard Iung, Alain Leguerrier, Martine Gilard, Alain Furber
BACKGROUND: Some patients who are at high surgical risk because of multiple co-morbidities undergo balloon aortic valvuloplasty (BAV) as a bridge therapy towards transcatheter aortic-valve implantation (TAVI). AIM: The aim of this study was to compare the clinical course of patients with or without previous BAV who underwent TAVI and were included in the FRANCE 2 registry. METHODS: From January 2010 to December 2011, 3953 patients underwent TAVI...
May 3, 2017: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479041/cardiogenic-shock-management-still-a-challenge-and-a-need-for-large-registry-data
#20
Clement Delmas, Guillaume Leurent, Nicolas Lamblin, Eric Bonnefoy, François Roubille
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 3, 2017: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases
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