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Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29997058/multimodal-imaging-and-three-dimensional-cardiac-computational-modelling-in-the-management-of-congenital-heart-disease-the-secret-to-getting-ahead-is-to-get-started
#1
EDITORIAL
Xavier Alacoque, Fabio Cuttone, Khaled Hadeed, Clément Karsenty, Pascal Drzazga, Bertrand Leobon, Philippe Acar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 8, 2018: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29960837/heart-failure-with-preserved-ejection-fraction-a-systemic-disease-linked-to-multiple-comorbidities-targeting-new-therapeutic-options
#2
REVIEW
Yves Juillière, Clément Venner, Laura Filippetti, Batric Popovic, Olivier Huttin, Christine Selton-Suty
Heart failure is a pathology associated with severe morbidity and mortality. In this large field, heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) appears to be an increasing global health problem; it should be considered as a progressive syndrome, characterized by complex mechanisms of systemic and cardiac adaptation that vary over time, particularly with ageing. Multiple biological phenotypes contribute to the heterogeneous clinical syndrome. HFpEF emerges as a model with proinflammatory cardiovascular and non-cardiovascular coexisting comorbidities, leading to systemic inflammation and subsequent fibrosis and to diverse clinical HFpEF phenotypes...
June 27, 2018: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29937207/multimodality-imaging-guidance-for-percutaneous-paravalvular-leak-closure-insights-from-the-multi-centre-ffpp-register
#3
Sébastien Hascoet, Grzegorz Smolka, Francois Bagate, Julien Guihaire, Agathe Potier, Khaled Hadeed, Yoan Lavie-Badie, Hélène Bouvaist, Claire Dauphin, Fabrice Bauer, Mohammed Nejjari, Remy Pillière, Eric Brochet, Lionel Mangin, Guillaume Bonnet, Vlad Ciobotaru, Guillaume Leurent, Najib Hammoudi, Adel Aminian, Clement Karsenty, Christian Spaulding, Sebastien Armero, Frederic Collet, Didier Champagnac, Julien Ternacle, Martin Kloeckner, Benoit Gerardin, Marc-Antoine Isorni
BACKGROUND: Percutaneous paravalvular leak (PVL) closure has emerged as a palliative alternative to surgical management in selected high-risk patients. Percutaneous procedures are challenging, especially for mitral PVL. Accurate imaging of the morphologies of the defects is mandatory, together with precise guidance in the catheterization laboratory to enhance success rates. AIMS: To describe imaging modalities used in clinical practice to guide percutaneous PVL closure and assess the potential of new imaging tools...
June 21, 2018: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29934117/innovative-invasive-management-without-stent-implantation-guided-by-optical-coherence-tomography-in-acute-coronary-syndrome
#4
Geraud Souteyrand, Louis Viallard, Nicolas Combaret, Bruno Pereira, Guillaume Clerfond, Guilhem Malcles, Nicolas Barber Chamoux, Francesco Prati, Pascal Motreff
BACKGROUND: A two-step strategy of invasive management without stenting, guided by optical coherence tomography (OCT), in selected patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS), might avoid systematic stent implantation and allow medical therapy alone. AIMS: To assess the feasibility and safety of such a procedure, and to define coronary imaging characteristics in a specific population. METHODS: This single-centre proof-of-concept study included all patients with ACS who benefited from a two-step revascularization procedure with optimal reperfusion during primary percutaneous coronary intervention followed by delayed angiography and OCT...
June 19, 2018: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908713/current-indications-for-the-intra-aortic-balloon-pump-the-cp-garo-registry
#5
Benoit Helleu, Vincent Auffret, Marc Bedossa, Martine Gilard, Vincent Letocart, Stephan Chassaing, Denis Angoulvant, Philippe Commeau, Grégoire Range, Fabrice Prunier, Remi Sabatier, Emmanuelle Filippi, Régis Delaunay, Dominique Boulmier, Hervé Le Breton, Guillaume Leurent
BACKGROUND: Intra-aortic balloon pumps (IABPs) have been used routinely since the 1970s. Recently, large randomized trials failed to show that IABP therapy has meaningful benefit, and international recommendations downgraded its place, particularly in cardiogenic shock. AIMS: The aim of this registry was to describe the contemporary use of IABP therapy, in light of these new data. METHODS: This prospective multicentre registry included 172 patients implanted with an IABP in 19 French cardiac centres in 2015...
June 13, 2018: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903693/mechanical-circulatory-support-in-patients-with-cardiogenic-shock-in-intensive-care-units-a-position-paper-of-the-unit%C3%A3-de-soins-intensifs-de-cardiologie-group-of-the-french-society-of-cardiology-endorsed-by-the-groupe-ath%C3%A3-rome-et-cardiologie-interventionnelle
#6
REVIEW
Laurent Bonello, Clement Delmas, Guillaume Schurtz, Guillaume Leurent, Eric Bonnefoy, Nadia Aissaoui, Patrick Henry
Cardiogenic shock (CS) is a major challenge in contemporary cardiology. Despite a better understanding of the pathophysiology of CS, its management has only improved slightly. The prevalence of CS has remained stable over the past decade, but its outcome has seen few improvements, with the 1-month mortality rate still in the range of 40-60%. Inotropes and vasopressors are the first-line therapies for CS, but they are associated with significant hazards, and have well-known deleterious effects. Furthermore, a significant number of patients develop refractory CS with haemodynamic instability, causing critical organ hypoperfusion and/or pulmonary congestion, despite increasing doses of catecholamines...
June 11, 2018: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29887403/three-dimensional-mapping-in-the-electrophysiological-laboratory
#7
REVIEW
Philippe Maury, Benjamin Monteil, Lilian Marty, Alexandre Duparc, Pierre Mondoly, Anne Rollin
Investigation and catheter ablation of cardiac arrhythmias are currently still based on optimal knowledge of arrhythmia mechanisms in relation to the cardiac anatomy involved, in order to target their crucial components. Currently, most complex arrhythmias are investigated using three-dimensional electroanatomical navigation systems, because these are felt to optimally integrate both the anatomical and electrophysiological features of a given arrhythmia in a given patient. In this article, we review the technical background of available three-dimensional electroanatomical navigation systems, and their potential use in complex ablations...
June 7, 2018: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29886007/role-of-cardiac-imaging-and-three-dimensional-printing-in-percutaneous-appendage-closure
#8
Xavier Iriart, Vlad Ciobotaru, Claire Martin, Hubert Cochet, Zakaria Jalal, Jean-Benoit Thambo, Astrid Quessard
Atrial fibrillation is the most frequent cardiac arrhythmia, affecting up to 13% of people aged>80 years, and is responsible for 15-20% of all ischaemic strokes. Left atrial appendage occlusion devices have been developed as an alternative approach to reduce the risk of stroke in patients for whom oral anticoagulation is contraindicated. The procedure can be technically demanding, and obtaining a complete left atrial appendage occlusion can be challenging. These observations have emphasized the importance of preprocedural planning, to optimize the accuracy and safety of the procedure...
June 6, 2018: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29884600/intracranial-haemorrhage-in-infective-endocarditis
#9
Erwan Salaun, Anissa Touil, Sandrine Hubert, Jean-Paul Casalta, Frédérique Gouriet, Emmanuelle Robinet-Borgomano, Emilie Doche, Nadia Laksiri, Caroline Rey, Cécile Lavoute, Sébastien Renard, Hervé Brunel, Anne-Claire Casalta, Julie Pradier, Jean-François Avierinos, Hubert Lepidi, Laurence Camoin-Jau, Alberto Riberi, Didier Raoult, Gilbert Habib
BACKGROUND: Although intracranial cerebral haemorrhage (ICH) complicating infective endocarditis (IE) is a critical clinical issue, its characteristics, impact, and prognosis remain poorly known. AIMS: To assess the incidence, mechanisms, risk factors and prognosis of ICH complicating left-sided IE. METHODS: In this single-centre study, 963 patients with possible or definite left-sided IE were included from January 2000 to December 2015. RESULTS: Sixty-eight (7%) patients had an ICH (mean age 57±13 years; 75% male)...
June 5, 2018: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29884599/predictors-of-future-onset-of-atrial-fibrillation-in-hypertrophic-cardiomyopathy
#10
Hubert Cochet, Lucas Morlon, Marie-Philippe Vergé, Marjorie Salel, Claudia Camaioni, Amélie Reynaud, Jérôme Peyrou, Philippe Ritter, Pierre Jais, François Laurent, Stéphane Lafitte, Michel Montaudon, Patricia Réant
BACKGROUND: Novel predictors of atrial fibrillation (AF) in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) are desirable. AIM: To detect new multimodality imaging variables predictive of de novo AF in HCM. METHODS: Consecutive patients with HCM underwent clinical assessment and 48-hour Holter electrocardiography to detect AF episodes. Left ventricular (LV) morphology, function and fibrosis, and the left atrium (LA) were characterized by cardiac magnetic resonance...
June 5, 2018: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29875081/toward-the-integration-of-global-longitudinal-strain-analysis-in-the-assessment-of-neonatal-aortic-coarctation-a-preliminary-study
#11
Pierre-Emmanuel Séguéla, Julie Thomas-Chabaneix, Zakaria Jalal, François Roubertie, Léa Faydi, Jean-Baptiste Mouton, Eric Dumas-de-la-Roque, Olivier Tandonnet, Xavier Pillois, Jean-Benoit Thambo, Xavier Iriart
BACKGROUND: Coarctation of the aorta (CoA) is still challenging to diagnose in neonates with patent ductus arteriosus (PDA). Speckle tracking echocardiography allows reliable analysis of myocardial deformation in newborns and seems to provide important insides into regional changes in patients with left ventricular (LV) outflow tract obstruction. AIMS: To assess the interest of LV global longitudinal strain (GLS) measurement for predicting CoA in neonates with PDA and prenatal suspicion...
June 3, 2018: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29861295/stroke-prevention-1-year-clinical-outcomes-and-healthcare-resource-utilization-in-patients-with-atrial-fibrillation-in-france-data-from-the-garfield-af-registry
#12
Jean-Yves Le Heuzey, Jean-Pierre Bassand, Jean-Baptiste Berneau, Paolo Cozzolino, Lucia D'Angiolella, Bernard Doucet, Lorenzo G Mantovani, Michel Martelet, Joseph Mouallem, Jean-Joseph Muller, Karen Pieper
BACKGROUND: GARFIELD-AF is a non-interventional worldwide study of adults with atrial fibrillation. AIMS: To analyse the characteristics of the 1399 patients recruited in France from August 2010 to July 2015, their 1-year outcomes and healthcare resource utilization. METHOD: Patients aged ≥18 years with newly diagnosed atrial fibrillation (≤6 weeks' duration) and ≥1 stroke risk factor were eligible. Patient demographics, medical history and antithrombotic treatment were recorded at baseline...
May 31, 2018: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29861294/accuracy-of-cardiac-magnetic-resonance-imaging-to-rule-out-significant-coronary-artery-disease-in-patients-with-systolic-heart-failure-of-unknown-aetiology-single-centre-experience-and-comprehensive-meta-analysis
#13
Aurélie Manchuelle, François Pontana, Pascal De Groote, Paul Lebert, Marie Fertin, Marine Baijot, Christopher Hurt, Nicolas Lamblin, Nicolas Debry, Guillaume Schurtz, Anju Duva Pentiah, Arnaud Sudre, Martine Remy-Jardin, Patrizio Lancellotti, Eric Van Belle, Christophe Bauters, Gilles Lemesle, Cédric Delhaye
BACKGROUND: Coronary artery disease (CAD) is the leading cause of systolic heart failure (HF). Cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMR) is a non-invasive technique that detects a myocardial infarction scar as subendocardial or transmural late gadolinium enhancement (st-LGE). AIM: We sought to evaluate whether a lack of st-LGE could rule out CAD in new-onset systolic HF of unknown aetiology. METHODS: We included 232 consecutive patients with new-onset HF and left ventricular ejection fraction ≤35% who underwent both coronary angiography and CMR to assess HF aetiology...
May 31, 2018: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29859704/risk-of-thromboembolic-complications-in-adult-congenital-heart-disease-a-literature-review
#14
REVIEW
Clement Karsenty, Alexandre Zhao, Eloi Marijon, Magalie Ladouceur
Adult congenital heart disease (ACHD) is a constantly expanding population with challenging issues. Initial medical and surgical treatments are seldom curative, and the majority of patients still experience late sequelae and complications, especially thromboembolic events. These common and potentially life-threating adverse events are probably dramatically underdiagnosed. Better identification and understanding of thromboembolic risk factors are essential to prevent long-term related morbidities. In addition to specific situations associated with a high risk of thromboembolic events (Fontan circulation, cyanotic congenital heart disease), atrial arrhythmia has been recognized as an important risk factor for thromboembolic events in ACHD...
May 30, 2018: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29853351/usefulness-of-echocardiographic-fluoroscopic-fusion-imaging-in-children-with-congenital-heart-disease
#15
Khaled Hadeed, Sebastien Hascoët, Clement Karsenty, Miarisoa Ratsimandresy, Yves Dulac, Gerald Chausseray, Xavier Alacoque, Alain Fraisse, Philippe Acar
BACKGROUND: Transoesophageal echocardiography (TOE) has become indispensable in the catheterization laboratory in the guidance of some percutaneous interventions, as a complementary imaging technique to fluoroscopy. However, the two imaging modalities are presented separately and differently, making interpretation of the anatomical spatial relationships complicated. EchoNavigator® (Philips Healthcare, Best, the Netherlands) is an innovative software package, enabling fusion of fluoroscopic and echocardiographic images on the same screen...
May 28, 2018: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729860/is-ventilatory-therapy-combined-with-exercise-training-effective-in-patients-with-heart-failure-and-sleep-disordered-breathing-results-of-a-randomized-trial-during-a-cardiac-rehabilitation-programme-satelit-hf
#16
Marie-Christine Iliou, Sonia Corone, Barnabas Gellen, Thierry Denolle, Frederic Roche, Anaïs Charles Nelson, Christian Darné
BACKGROUND: Sleep-related disordered breathing is common in patients with chronic heart failure. AIM: To assess the efficacy of short-term nocturnal ventilatory therapy combined with exercise training (V+ET) compared with exercise training alone (ET) in patients with chronic heart failure with sleep-disordered breathing. METHODS: Patients in New York Heart Association functional class II-IIIb, with an apnoea-hypopnoea index (AHI)>15/h, and enrolled in a cardiac rehabilitation programme, were centrally randomized to V+ET or ET...
May 2, 2018: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724623/mechanism-of-interleukin-1-receptor-antagonist-protection-against-myocardial-ischaemia-reperfusion-induced-injury
#17
Wenhao Qian, Changyun Zhao, Dongye Li, Rui Dai
BACKGROUND: New therapeutic targets are required for ischaemic heart disease; our study was designed to assess the theoretical foundation and experimental basis underlying the use of a new anticytokine agent, interleukin-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1ra), in this setting. AIM: To investigate the cardioprotective properties of IL-1ra in terms of inhibition of apoptosis and improvement in systolic and diastolic functions of ischaemia/reperfusion (I/R)-injured cardiomyocytes, via a reduction in the inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP3) receptor-mediated Ca2+ overload induced by myocardial I/R injury...
April 30, 2018: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29709420/outcome-of-patients-with-cardiac-amyloidosis-admitted-to-an-intensive-care-unit-for-acute-heart-failure
#18
Thomas d'Humières, Damien Fard, Thibaud Damy, Francois Roubille, Arnaud Galat, Huy-Long Doan, Leopold Oliver, Jean-Luc Dubois-Randé, Pierre Squara, Pascal Lim, Julien Ternacle
BACKGROUND: The outcome of cardiac amyloidosis (CA) has been reported mainly in stable populations; limited data are available in patients referred for acute heart failure (AHF) to an intensive cardiac care unit (ICCU). AIMS: To address the characteristics and outcomes of patients with confirmed CA admitted to an ICCU for AHF and then to identify the predictors of evolution to cardiogenic shock. METHODS: All patients with CA referred to an ICCU for AHF between 2009 and 2015 were included...
April 27, 2018: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759901/new-data-on-resynchronization-ablation-anticoagulation-an-assist-device-and-athletes-electrocardiograms-a-mosaic-of-updates
#19
Jean-Yves Le Heuzey
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685722/is-von-willebrand-factor-associated-with-stroke-and-death-at-mid-term-in-patients-with-non-valvular-atrial-fibrillation
#20
Yann Ancedy, Emmanuelle Berthelot, Sylvie Lang, Stéphane Ederhy, Louise Boyer-Chatenet, Emanuele Di Angelantonio, Laurie Soulat-Dufour, Arnaud Etienney, Saroumadi Adavane-Scheublé, Franck Boccara, Ariel Cohen
BACKGROUND: Heart failure and atrial fibrillation share common mechanisms that may contribute to hypercoagulability and thrombotic risk. Elevated von Willebrand factor (vWF) concentration has been associated with increased risk of thromboembolism and cardiovascular events. AIM: To investigate whether increased vWF plasma concentration predicts occurrence of a composite endpoint (all-cause death and stroke) in patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF)...
May 2018: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases
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