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Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887810/early-surgery-in-infective-endocarditis-why-should-we-wait
#1
Leopold Oliver, Raphael Lepeule, Amina Moussafeur, Antonio Fiore, Pascal Lim, Julien Ternacle
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 22, 2016: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876312/erratum-to-direct-oral-anticoagulant-use-and-stent-thrombosis-following-an-acute-coronary-syndrome-a-potential-new-pharmacological-option-arch-cardiol-dis-109-5-2016-359-369
#2
Robert C Welsh, Uwe Zeymer, Giuseppe Tarantini
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 18, 2016: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27839677/prognostic-significance-of-left-ventricular-concentric-remodelling-in-patients-with-aortic-stenosis
#3
Nicolas Debry, Sylvestre Maréchaux, Dan Rusinaru, Marcel Peltier, David Messika-Zeitoun, Aymeric Menet, Christophe Tribouilloy
BACKGROUND: Four patterns of left ventricular (LV) geometry (normal, concentric remodelling, concentric hypertrophy and eccentric hypertrophy) have been described in aortic stenosis (AS). Although LV concentric remodelling (LVCR), characterized by normal LV mass despite increased LV wall thickness, is frequently observed in AS, its prognostic implication has been not specifically studied. AIM: We aimed to assess, using echocardiography, the prognostic implication of LVCR in asymptomatic or minimally symptomatic patients with AS...
November 7, 2016: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825591/optimized-management-of-heart-failure-patients-aged-80-years-or-more-improves-outcomes-versus-usual-care-the-hf80-randomized-trial
#4
Charles Vorilhon, Frédéric Jean, Aurélien Mulliez, Guillaume Clerfond, Bruno Pereira, Vincent Sapin, Géraud Souteyrand, Bernard Citron, Pascal Motreff, Jean-René Lusson, Romain Eschalier
BACKGROUND: The prevalence and incidence of heart failure (HF) in elderly patients are increasing worldwide. Management of HF with reduced ejection fraction (HF-REF) in patients aged 80 years or more follows international guidelines, despite the lack of a dedicated study in this frail population. AIMS: To determine whether optimized management of HF-REF in patients aged 80 years or more can improve quality of life at 6 months. METHODS: Patients aged 80 years or more hospitalized for acute HF-REF were randomized prospectively into an optimized group or a control group (usual care)...
November 4, 2016: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818120/efficacy-and-safety-of-prehospital-administration-of-unfractionated-heparin-enoxaparin-or-bivalirudin-in-patients-undergoing-primary-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-for-st-segment-elevation-myocardial-infarction-insights-from-the-orbi-registry
#5
Vincent Auffret, Guillaume Leurent, Dominique Boulmier, Marc Bedossa, Amer Zabalawi, Jean-Philippe Hacot, Isabelle Coudert, Emmanuelle Filippi, Philippe Castellant, Antoine Rialan, Gilles Rouault, Philippe Druelles, Bertrand Boulanger, Josiane Treuil, Bertrand Avez, Marielle Le Guellec, Martine Gilard, Hervé Le Breton
BACKGROUND: Despite numerous studies in recent years, the best anticoagulant option for primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) remains a matter of debate. AIMS: To compare in-hospital outcomes after prehospital administration of low-dose unfractionated heparin (UFH)±glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibitors (GPIs), enoxaparin±GPIs, or bivalirudin in patients undergoing primary PCI for ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). METHODS: A total of 1720 patients (median age 62...
November 3, 2016: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27720166/cardiac-surgery-in-low-income-settings-10-years-of-experience-from-two-countries
#6
Mariana Mirabel, Matthias Lachaud, Lucile Offredo, Cécile Lachaud, Benjamin Zuschmidt, Beatriz Ferreira, Daniel Sidi, Sylvain Chauvaud, Phang Sok, Alain Deloche, Eloi Marijon, Xavier Jouven
BACKGROUND: Access to cardiac surgery is limited in low-income settings, and data on patient outcomes are scarce. AIMS: To assess characteristics, surgical procedures and outcomes in patients undergoing open-heart surgery in low-income settings. METHODS: This was a cohort study (2001-2011) in two low-income countries, Cambodia and Mozambique, where cardiac surgery had been promoted by visiting non-governmental organizations. RESULTS: In Cambodia and Mozambique, respectively, 1332 and 767 consecutive patients were included; 547 (41...
October 3, 2016: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27693052/prehospital-and-in-hospital-course-of-care-for-patients-with-acute-heart-failure-features-and-impact-on-prognosis-in-real-life
#7
Laura Cluzol, Jennifer Cautela, Pierre Michelet, Antoine Roch, François Kerbaul, Julien Mancini, Marc Laine, Michael Peyrol, Floriane Robin, Franck Paganelli, Laurent Bonello, Franck Thuny
BACKGROUND: Acute heart failure (AHF) is a life-threatening medical emergency for which no new effective therapies have emerged in recent decades. No previous study has exhaustively described the entire course of care of AHF patients from first medical contact to hospital discharge or assessed its impact on prognosis. AIM: To fully describe the course of care and analyze its influence on outcomes in patients hospitalized with an AHF syndrome in an academic university center...
September 29, 2016: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27692660/therapeutic-hypothermia-to-protect-the-heart-against-acute-myocardial-infarction
#8
Matthias Kohlhauer, Alain Berdeaux, Bijan Ghaleh, Renaud Tissier
The cardioprotective effect of therapeutic hypothermia (32-34°C) has been well demonstrated in animal models of acute myocardial infarction. Beyond infarct size reduction, this protection was associated with prevention of the no-reflow phenomenon and long-term improvement in terms of left ventricular remodelling and performance. However, all these events were observed when hypothermia was induced during the ischaemic episode, and most benefits virtually vanished after reperfusion. This is consistent with clinical findings showing a lack of benefit from hypothermia in patients presenting acute myocardial infarction in most trials...
September 28, 2016: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836786/non-vitamin-k-antagonist-oral-anticoagulants-and-heart-failure
#9
REVIEW
Richard Isnard, Fabrice Bauer, Alain Cohen-Solal, Thibaud Damy, Erwan Donal, Michel Galinier, Albert Hagège, Patrick Jourdain, Christophe Leclercq, Rémi Sabatier, Jean-Noël Trochu, Ariel Cohen
Thromboembolism contributes to morbidity and mortality in patients with heart failure (HF), and atrial fibrillation (AF) is one of the main factors promoting this complication. As they share many risk factors, HF and AF frequently coexist, and patients with both conditions are at a particularly high risk of thromboembolism. Non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants (NOACs) are direct antagonists of thrombin (dabigatran) and factor Xa (rivaroxaban, apixaban and edoxaban), and were designed to overcome the limitations of vitamin K antagonists...
November 2016: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836785/breast-cancer-radiotherapy-a-case-of-double-jeopardy
#10
Sophie Jacob, Jean Ferrières
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27693051/high-density-lipoprotein-subclass-profile-and-mortality-in-patients-with-coronary-artery-disease-results-from-the-genes-study
#11
Meyer Elbaz, Julien Faccini, Vanina Bongard, Cécile Ingueneau, Dorotea Taraszkiewicz, Bertrand Perret, Jean Ferrières, Jean-Bernard Ruidavets, Cécile Vindis
BACKGROUND: High-density lipoproteins (HDLs) are highly heterogeneous particles, and the specific contribution of each subclass to the prediction of clinical outcome in coronary artery disease (CAD) remains controversial. OBJECTIVE: To examine the relationship between HDL subclass profile and mortality in patients with CAD, using a new and rapid electrophoretic quantitative method for the assessment of HDL particle size phenotype. METHODS: We investigated 403 patients with CAD admitted for cardiovascular examination in the context of evaluation and management of CAD...
November 2016: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27692662/place-of-non-vitamin-k-antagonist-oral-anticoagulants-in-anticoagulant-antiplatelet-combinations-in-peripheral-artery-disease
#12
REVIEW
Dominique Stephan, Elena-Mihaela Cordeanu, Corina Mirea, Alix Faller, Anne Lejay, Sébastien Gaertner
Non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants are becoming increasingly important in the prophylaxis and treatment of thrombosis in atrial fibrillation and venous thromboembolism. Antiplatelets are widely prescribed in the primary and secondary prevention of cardiac and vascular diseases. There are potentially numerous situations where anticoagulants and antiplatelets may be combined; these combinations have been explored in coronary artery disease, and some have been included in updated recommendations. Is it legitimate to transpose these recommendations to the management of peripheral artery disease? The specific characteristics of the treated vessels, the stents used, the respective frequencies of stent thrombosis and its effect on the target organ are probably different, and explain why opinions differ...
November 2016: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27692661/usefulness-of-3-tesla-cardiac-magnetic-resonance-imaging-in-the-assessment-of-aortic-stenosis-severity-in-routine-clinical-practice
#13
Franck Levy, Laura Iacuzio, Filippo Civaia, Stephane Rusek, Carine Dommerc, Nicolas Hugues, Clara Alexandrescu, Vincent Dor, Christophe Tribouilloy, Gilles Dreyfus
BACKGROUND: Recently, 1.5-Tesla cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMR) was reported to provide a reliable alternative to transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) for the quantification of aortic stenosis (AS) severity. Few data are available using higher magnetic field strength MRI systems in this context. AIMS: To evaluate the feasibility and reproducibility of the assessment of aortic valve area (AVA) using 3-Tesla CMR in routine clinical practice, and to assess concordance between TTE and CMR for the estimation of AS severity...
November 2016: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27692659/postoperative-assessment-of-left-ventricular-function-by-two-dimensional-strain-speckle-tracking-after-paediatric-cardiac-surgery
#14
Elodie Perdreau, Pierre-Emmanuel Séguéla, Zakaria Jalal, Adrien Perdreau, Jean-Baptiste Mouton, Marie Nelson-Veniard, Elodie Guillet, Xavier Iriart, Alexandre Ouattara, François Roubertie, Philippe Mauriat, Jean-Benoit Thambo
BACKGROUND: Left ventricular (LV) dysfunction may complicate paediatric cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass, notably after long aortic cross-clamping (ACC). Assessment of occult myocardial injury by conventional echocardiographic variables may be difficult in the postoperative period. AIMS: To evaluate the feasibility of two-dimensional (2D) strain in the postoperative period, and to assess the effect of ACC duration on this variable. METHODS: Thirty-three paediatric patients (age<18years) with congenital heart disease undergoing cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass were included in this prospective single-centre study...
November 2016: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27692658/localization-of-gaps-during-redo-ablations-of-paroxysmal-atrial-fibrillation-preferential-patterns-depending-on-the-choice-of-cryoballoon-ablation-or-radiofrequency-ablation-for-the-initial-procedure
#15
Vincent Galand, Dominique Pavin, Nathalie Behar, Vincent Auffret, Damien Fénéon, Albin Behaghel, Jean-Claude Daubert, Philippe Mabo, Raphaël P Martins
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary vein (PV) isolation, using cryoballoon or radiofrequency ablation, is the cornerstone therapy for symptomatic paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (AF) refractory to antiarrhythmic drugs. One-third of the patients have recurrences, mainly due to PV reconnections. AIMS: To describe the different locations of reconnection sites in patients who had previously undergone radiofrequency or cryoballoon ablation, and to compare the characteristics of the redo procedures in both instances...
November 2016: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27591819/dose-dependent-association-between-muscle-strengthening-activities-and-all-cause-mortality-prospective-cohort-study-among-a-national-sample-of-adults-in-the-usa
#16
Scott J Dankel, Jeremy P Loenneke, Paul D Loprinzi
BACKGROUND: We have a limited understanding of the association between behavioural participation in muscle-strengthening activities (MSA) and all-cause mortality. AIM: To determine the effect of MSA on all-cause mortality, and examine a potential dose-response relationship between the frequency with which MSA are performed and the incidence of all-cause mortality. METHODS: Individuals (8772 adults aged≥20years) from the 2003-2006 National Health and Nutritional Examination Survey were evaluated for baseline characteristics, then followed for an average of 6...
November 2016: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27692508/fractional-flow-reserve-in-france-free-access-at-last
#17
Gilles Rioufol, Gérard Finet
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27595466/evolving-heart-transplantation-across-the-lifespan-a-growing-population-of-adults-with-congenital-heart-disease
#18
Sarah Cohen, Ariane Marelli
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27595465/position-paper-for-management-of-elderly-patients-with-pacemakers-and-implantable-cardiac-defibrillators-groupe-de-rythmologie-et-stimulation-cardiaque-de-la-soci%C3%A3-t%C3%A3-fran%C3%A3-aise-de-cardiologie-and-soci%C3%A3-t%C3%A3-fran%C3%A3-aise-de-g%C3%A3-riatrie-et-g%C3%A3-rontologie
#19
Laurent Fauchier, Christine Alonso, Frederic Anselme, Hugues Blangy, Pierre Bordachar, Serge Boveda, Nicolas Clementy, Pascal Defaye, Jean-Claude Deharo, Patrick Friocourt, Daniel Gras, Franck Halimi, Didier Klug, Jacques Mansourati, Benjamin Obadia, Jean-Luc Pasquié, Dominique Pavin, Nicolas Sadoul, Jerome Taieb, Olivier Piot, Olivier Hanon
Despite the increasingly high rate of implantation of pacemakers (PMs) and implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICDs) in elderly patients, data supporting their clinical and cost-effectiveness in this age stratum are ambiguous and contradictory. We reviewed the data regarding the applicability, safety and effectiveness of conventional pacing, ICDs and cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) in elderly patients. Although periprocedural risk may be slightly higher in the elderly, the implantation procedure for PMs and ICDs is still relatively safe in this age group...
October 2016: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27595464/pulmonary-arterial-hypertension-basic-knowledge-for-clinicians
#20
Diana Santos-Ribeiro, Pedro Mendes-Ferreira, Carolina Maia-Rocha, Rui Adão, Adelino F Leite-Moreira, Carmen Brás-Silva
Pulmonary arterial hypertension is a progressive syndrome based on diverse aetiologies, which is characterized by a persistent increase in pulmonary vascular resistance and overload of the right ventricle, leading to heart failure and death. Currently, none of the available treatments is able to cure pulmonary arterial hypertension; additional research is therefore needed to unravel the associated pathophysiological mechanisms. This review summarizes current knowledge related to this disorder, and the several experimental animal models that can mimic pulmonary arterial hypertension and are available for translational research...
October 2016: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases
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