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Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases

Pierre-Yves Courand, Michel Azizi, Pierre Lantelme
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 12, 2018: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases
Fabien Picard, Neila Sayah, Vincent Spagnoli, Julien Adjedj, Olivier Varenne
Vasospastic angina (VSA) is a variant form of angina pectoris, in which angina occurs at rest, with transient electrocardiogram modifications and preserved exercise capacity. VSA can be involved in many clinical scenarios, such as stable angina, sudden cardiac death, acute coronary syndrome, arrhythmia or syncope. Coronary vasospasm is a heterogeneous phenomenon that can occur in patients with or without coronary atherosclerosis, can be focal or diffuse, and can affect epicardial or microvasculature coronary arteries...
September 6, 2018: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases
Juan M Aguilar, Fernando Rodríguez-Serrano, Andrea Ferreiro-Marzal, María Esteban-Molina, Antonio Gabucio, Enrique García, Lorenzo Boni, José M Garrido
Left superior vena cava draining into the left atrium in the absence of coronary sinus is an anomaly that can appear in heterotaxy syndrome and unroofed coronary sinus syndrome. Regardless of the origin of these syndromes, biventricular repair can be done through rerouting by intracardiac procedures or through disconnection-reconnection of the left superior vena cava to the right atrium or right superior vena cava by extracardiac procedures. Different techniques can be used for this purpose, each of which has its own advantages and limitations...
September 1, 2018: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases
Philippe Maury, Pascal Defaye, Didier Klug, Christine Alonso, Frederic Anselme, Laurent Fauchier, Estelle Gandjbakhch, Daniel Gras, Jean-Sylvain Hermida, Gabriel Laurent, Jacques Mansourati, Eloi Marijon, Frederic Sacher, Jérôme Taieb, Serge Boveda, Olivier Piot, Nicolas Sadoul
The introduction of catheter ablation techniques has vastly improved the treatment of cardiac arrhythmias. However, as complex ablations are technically demanding and can cause various complications, they require a high level of expertise to maximize success rates and minimize complication rates. As French recommendations regarding the required technical competence and equipment are not yet available, this position paper has been compiled by the Working Group of Pacing and Electrophysiology of the French Society of Cardiology, detailing the required features of an interventional cardiac electrophysiological centre for complex ablation procedures: (1) sufficient institutional volume; (2) physician training, qualifications and experience; (3) paramedical staff training and attendance; and (4) institutional facilities and technical equipment...
August 27, 2018: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases
Dany-Michel Marcadet, Bruno Pavy, Gilles Bosser, Frédérique Claudot, Sonia Corone, Hervé Douard, Marie-Christine Iliou, Bénédicte Vergès-Patois, Pascal Amedro, Thierry Le Tourneau, Caroline Cueff, Taniela Avedian, Alain Cohen Solal, François Carré
The exercise test is performed routinely in cardiology; its main indication is the diagnosis of myocardial ischemia, evaluated along with the subject's pretest probability and cardiovascular risk level. Other criteria, such as analysis of repolarization, must be taken into consideration during the interpretation of an exercise test, to improve its predictive value. An exercise test is also indicated for many other cardiac diseases (e.g. rhythm and conduction disorders, severe asymptomatic aortic stenosis, hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, peripheral artery disease, hypertension)...
August 6, 2018: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases
Dany-Michel Marcadet, Bruno Pavy, Gilles Bosser, Frédérique Claudot, Sonia Corone, Hervé Douard, Marie-Christine Iliou, Bénédicte Vergès-Patois, Pascal Amedro, Thierry Le Tourneau, Caroline Cueff, Taniela Avedian, Alain Cohen Solal, François Carré
The exercise test is still a key examination in cardiology, used for the diagnosis of myocardial ischemia, as well as for the clinical evaluation of other heart diseases. The cardiopulmonary exercise test can further define functional capacity and prognosis for any given cardiac pathology. These new guidelines focus on methods, interpretation and indications for an exercise test or cardiopulmonary exercise test, as summarized below. The safety rules associated with the exercise test must be strictly observed...
August 6, 2018: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases
Vincent Algalarrondo, Romain Perault, Marie-Cécile Bories, Kumar Narayanan, Rodrigue Garcia, Nicolas Combes, Marie-Cécile Perier, Pascal Defaye, Nicolas Sadoul, Daniel Gras, Didier Klug, Pierre Bordachar, Laurent Fauchier, Jean-Claude Deharo, Christophe Leclercq, Serge Boveda, Eloi Marijon, Dominique Babuty
BACKGROUND: The frequency, characteristics and outcomes of primary prevention implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) recipients who eventually undergo heart transplantation (HT) during follow-up have not been well described. AIMS: In a cohort of patients with heart failure implanted with an ICD for primary prevention of sudden cardiac death, to identify those at high risk of subsequent HT and evaluate ICD usefulness. METHODS: Between 2002 and 2012, 5539 patients received a primary prevention ICD across 12 centers, and were enrolled in the DAI-PP programme, including 5427 with full HT information available...
August 2, 2018: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases
Sylvia Krupickova, Laura Vazquez-Garcia, Monther Obeidat, Winston Banya, Giovanni DiSalvo, Olivier Ghez, Guido Michielon, Isabel Castellano, Michael Rubens, Thomas Semple, Edward Nicol, Zdenek Slavik, Michael L Rigby, Alain Fraisse
BACKGROUND: Cardiac catheterization is the gold-standard modality for investigation of cardiovascular morphology before bidirectional cavopulmonary connection, but requires general anaesthesia and is associated with procedural risk. AIMS: To assess the diagnostic accuracy and safety of computed tomography in diagnosing great vessel stenosis/hypoplasia compared with cardiac catheterization and surgical findings. METHODS: Twenty-seven patients (10 after Norwood stage I) underwent computed tomography before surgery between January 2010 and June 2016; 16 of these patients also underwent cardiac catheterization...
July 21, 2018: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases
Yves Juillière, Clément Venner, Laura Filippetti, Batric Popovic, Olivier Huttin, Christine Selton-Suty
Heart failure is a pathology associated with severe morbidity and mortality. In this large field, heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) appears to be an increasing global health problem; it should be considered as a progressive syndrome, characterized by complex mechanisms of systemic and cardiac adaptation that vary over time, particularly with ageing. Multiple biological phenotypes contribute to the heterogeneous clinical syndrome. HFpEF emerges as a model with proinflammatory cardiovascular and non-cardiovascular coexisting comorbidities, leading to systemic inflammation and subsequent fibrosis and to diverse clinical HFpEF phenotypes...
June 27, 2018: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases
Constance Verdonk, Claire Cimadevilla, Laurent Lepage, Fanny Perez, Walid Ghodbane, Richard Raffoul, Soleiman Alkhoder, Patrick Nataf, Alec Vahanian, David Messika-Zeitoun
BACKGROUND: With the emergence of transcatheter mitral valve replacement, it appears crucial to provide contemporary references with which this new technology can be compared. At our institution, transoesophageal echocardiography is systematically performed before discharge after surgical mitral valve replacement. AIM: To evaluate the rate and determinants of paravalvular regurgitation after surgical mitral valve replacement. METHODS: We collected medical history, indication, type of surgery and in-hospital outcome in all consecutive patients who underwent a mitral valve replacement in the past 2 years at our institution...
August 2018: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases
Sylvestre Maréchaux, Pierre-Vladimir Ennezat, Raphaelle Ashley Guerbaai, André Vincentelli, Franck Levy, Christophe Tribouilloy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2018: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases
Franck Levy, Sylvestre Marechaux, Laura Iacuzio, Elie Dan Schouver, Anne Laure Castel, Manuel Toledano, Stephane Rusek, Vincent Dor, Christophe Tribouilloy, Gilles Dreyfus
BACKGROUND: Quantitative assessment of primary mitral regurgitation (MR) using left ventricular (LV) volumes obtained with three-dimensional transthoracic echocardiography (3D TTE) recently showed encouraging results. Nevertheless, 3D TTE is not incorporated into everyday practice, as current LV chamber quantification software products are time consuming. AIMS: To investigate the accuracy and reproducibility of new automated fast 3D TTE software (HeartModelA.I. ; Philips Healthcare, Andover, MA, USA) for the quantification of LV volumes and MR severity in patients with isolated degenerative primary MR; and to compare regurgitant volume (RV) obtained with 3D TTE with a cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) reference...
August 2018: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases
François Huchet, Fanny d'Acremont, Vincent Letocart, Patrice Guerin, Gael Grimandi, Thibaut Manigold
BACKGROUND: Transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) has revolutionized the prognosis of inoperable patients with severe aortic valve stenosis. Yet, the implantation of expensive prostheses in patients with comorbidities may be questionable in an era when healthcare costs are becoming a major concern. AIM: The objective of this study was to assess whether the TAVR procedure is profitable in a high-volume French hospital. METHODS: Consecutive patients eligible for transfemoral TAVR using the SAPIEN bioprostheses (Edwards Lifesciences, Irvine, CA, USA) were included retrospectively in this single-centre study between September 2014 and December 2015...
August 2018: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases
Sophie Malekzadeh-Milani, Ali Houeijeh, Zakaria Jalal, Sébastien Hascoet, Mohamed Bakloul, Philippe Aldebert, Jean-François Piéchaud, François Heitz, Helene Bouvaist, Claire Dauphin, Patrice Guérin, Olivier Villemain, Jérome Petit, François Godart, Jean-Benoit Thambo, Younes Boudjemline
BACKGROUND: Percutaneous pulmonary valve implantation (PPVI) is a routine treatment for dysfunctional right ventricular outflow tract. Infective endocarditis (IE) is a major concern. AIM: To report French experience with the Melody™ valve (Medtronic Inc., Minneapolis, MN, USA). METHODS: All patients who underwent PPVI were recorded in a multicentre French national survey. Demographic and procedural data were collected from patients with IE...
August 2018: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases
Anne Ringle, Anne-Laure Castel, Caroline Le Goffic, François Delelis, Camille Binda, Yohan Bohbot, Pierre Vladimir Ennezat, Raphaëlle A Guerbaai, Franck Levy, André Vincentelli, Pierre Graux, Christophe Tribouilloy, Sylvestre Maréchaux
BACKGROUND: The frequency of paradoxical low-gradient severe aortic stenosis (AS) varies widely across studies. The impact of misalignment of aortic flow and pressure recovery phenomenon on the frequency of low-gradient severe AS with preserved left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) has not been evaluated in prospective studies. AIMS: To investigate prospectively the impact of aortic flow misalignment by Doppler and lack of pressure recovery phenomenon correction on the frequency of low-gradient (LG) severe aortic stenosis (AS) with preserved LVEF...
August 2018: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases
Laura Ernande, Jonathan Beaudoin, Victoria Piro, Souhila Meziani, Marielle Scherrer-Crosbie
BACKGROUND: Diabetes mellitus (DM) has an impact on left ventricular (LV) geometry and function, and is associated with worsening of pressure-overload LV remodelling; however, its impact on volume-overload LV remodelling is unknown. AIM: The objective of the study was to examine the association between DM and LV remodelling in patients with chronic mitral regurgitation (MR) caused by mitral valve prolapse. METHODS: During a median follow-up of 3...
August 2018: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases
Constance Verdonk, Arthur Darmon, Claire Cimadevilla, Laurent Lepage, Richard Raffoul, Patrick Nataf, Alec Vahanian, David Messika-Zeitoun
BACKGROUND: Performance of tricuspid annuloplasty (TA) in patients undergoing mitral valve surgery is recommended based on the degree of tricuspid regurgitation and tricuspid annulus size, but is often underused. AIM: To evaluate the impact of combined TA on in-hospital outcome in patients undergoing mitral valve replacement (MVR). METHODS: We selected all consecutive patients who underwent MVR for native valve disease. Clinical, echocardiographic and in-hospital complications were obtained from chart review...
August 2018: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases
Birgid Gonska, Julia Seeger, Alexander Junker, Christoph Rodewald, Ulrike Trepte, Dominik Scharnbeck, Wolfgang Rottbauer, Jochen Wöhrle
BACKGROUND: Residual aortic regurgitation (AR) after transfemoral aortic valve implantation (TAVI) is associated with increased mortality. The new Edwards Sapien 3 valve (ES3) is designed to reduce paravalvular AR. AIM: To compare a new-generation and a late-generation balloon-expandable transcatheter heart valve. METHODS: In this study, 100 consecutive patients treated with the ES3 for symptomatic native severe aortic stenosis were compared with 100 consecutive patients treated with the Edwards Sapien XT valve (EXT); all valves were implanted via transfemoral access...
August 2018: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases
Geraud Souteyrand, Louis Viallard, Nicolas Combaret, Bruno Pereira, Guillaume Clerfond, Guilhem Malcles, Nicolas Barber Chamoux, Francesco Prati, Pascal Motreff
BACKGROUND: A two-step strategy of invasive management without stenting, guided by optical coherence tomography (OCT), in selected patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS), might avoid systematic stent implantation and allow medical therapy alone. AIMS: To assess the feasibility and safety of such a procedure, and to define coronary imaging characteristics in a specific population. METHODS: This single-centre proof-of-concept study included all patients with ACS who benefited from a two-step revascularization procedure with optimal reperfusion during primary percutaneous coronary intervention followed by delayed angiography and OCT...
June 19, 2018: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases
Benoit Helleu, Vincent Auffret, Marc Bedossa, Martine Gilard, Vincent Letocart, Stephan Chassaing, Denis Angoulvant, Philippe Commeau, Grégoire Range, Fabrice Prunier, Remi Sabatier, Emmanuelle Filippi, Régis Delaunay, Dominique Boulmier, Hervé Le Breton, Guillaume Leurent
BACKGROUND: Intra-aortic balloon pumps (IABPs) have been used routinely since the 1970s. Recently, large randomized trials failed to show that IABP therapy has meaningful benefit, and international recommendations downgraded its place, particularly in cardiogenic shock. AIMS: The aim of this registry was to describe the contemporary use of IABP therapy, in light of these new data. METHODS: This prospective multicentre registry included 172 patients implanted with an IABP in 19 French cardiac centres in 2015...
June 13, 2018: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases
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