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Topics in Companion Animal Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992911/whole-body-vibration-exercise-on-hematology-and-serum-biochemistry-in-healthy-dogs
#1
Ivan Felismino Charas Santos, Sheila Canevese Rahal, Jussara Shimono, Miriam Tsunemi, Regina Takahira, Carlos Roberto Teixeira
The present study aimed to evaluate the influence of whole-body vibration (WBV) exercise on hematology and serum biochemistry in healthy dogs. Ten intact beagle dogs, 3 females, and 7 males, with a mean age of 3 years, and mean body mass of 14.3kg, body condition score between 4.0/9 and 4.5/9 were evaluated. The WBV sessions were done with the dog standing up on all 4 feet on a vibrating platform. Daily session of 30Hz for 5 minutes, followed by 50Hz for 5 minutes and finishing with 30Hz for 5 minutes was accomplished for 5 days...
June 2017: Topics in Companion Animal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992910/extreme-tetralogy-of-fallot-with-polycythemia-in-a-ferret-mustela-putorius-furo
#2
Sara Dias, Marta Planellas, Albert Canturri, Jaume Martorell
A 5-month-old, intact male ferret (Mustela putorius furo) was presented with apathy, tachypnea and exercise intolerance. On initial physical examination, tachypnea and cyanosis were the two primary clinical signs detected. The complete blood count also revealed a severe polycythemia, with lymphopenia, neutrophilia and eosinophilia. Further diagnostic imaging tests were performed. The thoracic radiographs revealed cardiomegaly and a diffuse alveolar pulmonary pattern. Consequently, an echocardiography was performed and showed an interventricular septal defect, pulmonic artery occlusion, overriding of the aorta and right ventricle hypertrophy...
June 2017: Topics in Companion Animal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992909/aberrant-left-subclavian-artery-in-a-beagle-puppy-with-a-persistent-right-aortic-arch-use-of-cone-beam-computed-tomography-to-diagnose-a-vascular-ring-anomaly
#3
Bertrand Vedrine, Franck Durieux
A 7-week-old, 1.045kg female beagle dog was referred to investigate a supposed vascular ring anomaly. Cone beam computed tomography with contrast enhanced arterial phase accomplished by a rapid manual intravenous injection of iodinated agent during the scanning process revealed a persistent right aortic arch and an aberrant left subclavian artery that compressed dorsally the esophagus in the cranial mediastinum. Third left intercostal thoracotomy was performed to transect the left subclavian artery. This is the first description of a vascular ring anomaly that was diagnosed with a cone beam computed tomography in veterinary medicine...
June 2017: Topics in Companion Animal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992908/evaluation-of-pericardial-effusion-in-dogs-and-successful-treatment-using-a-hemodialysis-fistula-needle-a-retrospective-study
#4
REVIEW
Bartolo Celona, Chiara Crinò, Elisabetta Giudice, Simona Di Pietro
The aim of this retrospective study was to assess epidemiology and echocardiographic findings of pericardial effusion in canine patients and to determine the clinical usefulness and safety of a new pericardiocentesis technique, using a "fistula needle" for hemodialysis. A database of 5304 dogs of different breeds, age, gender, type, and severity of the cardiac disease, referred for a specialist cardiology and echocardiographic examination from 2009-2016, was reviewed. All the dogs were subjected to echocardiography; when possible and required, an echo-guided pericardiocentesis was performed by mean of a 17G "fistula needle" commonly used for hemodialysis...
June 2017: Topics in Companion Animal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992907/scaling-relationships-among-heart-rate-electrocardiography-parameters-and-body-weight
#5
Amanda Sarita Cruz Aleixo, Angélica Alfonso, Eunice Oba, Fabiana Ferreira de Souza, Raíssa Karolliny Salgueiro Cruz, Maurício Gianfrancesco Fillippi, Simone Biagio Chiacchio, Miriam Tsunemi, Maria Lucia Gomes Lourenço
Although heart rate (HR) is one of the most important clinical parameters determined via physical examinations, little information is available on the normal HR in dogs, which may be related to the high variability of body weight (BW) in this species. HR is determined by the discharge rate of the sinus node, which is dependent on the autonomic nervous system and the release of catecholamines. The allometric relationship between BW and HR in different species has been described as inversely proportional; however, this relationship has been refuted...
June 2017: Topics in Companion Animal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992906/renal-amyloidosis-associated-with-kartagener-syndrome-in-a-dog
#6
Bartolo Celona, Chiara Crinò, Carmelo Bruno, Simona Di Pietro, Elisabetta Giudice
A 4-year-old cocker spaniel, male, of 12kg body weight was presented because of the onset of polyuria or polydipsia. From the first months of its life, the dog had exhibited constant serous to mucopurulent nasal discharge, productive cough, sneezing, reverse sneezing, otitis, and recurrent episodes of fever. The respiratory signs had been treated several times with antibiotics, without ever achieving a complete resolution. Clinical examination revealed normal rectal temperature (38.3°C), increased respiratory rate (40breaths/min), a copious mucous nasal discharge and right deviation of the heart apex beat (ictus cordis)...
June 2017: Topics in Companion Animal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992905/perioperative-occlusion-of-a-subcutaneous-ureteral-bypass-secondary-to-a-severe-pyonephrosis-in-a-birman-cat
#7
Bertrand Vedrine
A subcutaneous ureteral bypass (SUB) was placed in a 10-year-old Birman cat for management of unilateral ureterolithiasis. Perioperative occlusion of the nephrostomy tube of the SUB device happened secondary to a severe pyonephrosis. Flushing of the system throught the subcutaneous shunting port was made with saline solution after clamping the urinary bladder catheter. Repetitive flushing of the device was performed daily for 3 days to be sure of the remanent patency of the catheter. Repetitive flushing of the SUB device is a successful renal-sparing treatment for pyonephrosis in a cat and may be considered as an effective treatment option for this condition...
June 2017: Topics in Companion Animal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992904/submucosal-collagen-injection-for-management-of-urinary-incontinence-following-urethral-stent-placement
#8
Scott Kilpatrick, Tracy Hill
An 8-year-old, entire, male British Bulldog was referred for a week-long history of severe stranguria and dysuria. A prostatic wash was diagnostic of prostatic carcinoma. A transluminal urethral stent was placed in the proximal urethra, which resulted in resolution of the urinary obstruction, however, the dog developed severe urinary incontinence after the procedure. Cystoscopically-guided submucosal collagen injections were performed immediately proximal to the os penis. The dog's incontinence resolved with a single collagen injection for the 10-month follow-up period...
June 2017: Topics in Companion Animal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992903/use-of-purina-pro-plan-veterinary-diet-ur-urinary-st-ox-to-dissolve-struvite-cystoliths
#9
Camille Torres-Henderson, Jamie Bunkers, Elena T Contreras, Emily Cross, Michael R Lappin
The objective of this study was to determine the efficacy of feeding the commercially available diet, Purina Pro Plan Veterinary Diets UR Urinary St/Ox, for the dissolution of struvite cystoliths in cats with naturally occurring disease. Twelve cats with clinical signs of lower urinary tract disease and cystoliths confirmed via radiographs were enrolled. The cats were fed the study diet ad libitum and assessed by abdominal radiographs weekly. Cats with cystoliths that resolved based on radiographs and confirmatory ultrasound examination were considered diet successes...
June 2017: Topics in Companion Animal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750792/heat-shock-proteins-70kda-eosinophil-cationic-protein-and-nitric-oxide-during-chronic-superficial-keratitis-in-dogs
#10
Renata Urban-Chmiel, Ireneusz Balicki, Andrzej Wernicki
The objective of the study is to determine the levels of eosinophil cationic protein (ECP), heat shock proteins 70, and nitric oxide ions measured as nitrite ions (Griess reaction) in dogs with chronic superficial keratitis (CSK). The study was conducted on 24 dogs with CSK. Blood sera from the animals were tested for concentrations of heat shock proteins 70, ECP, and nitrite ions before treatment and again 5 weeks and 6 months after treatment. Dogs with CSK were treated for 6 months with various regimes involving the use of ophthalmic drops containing dexamethasone, dimethyl sulfoxide, and cyclosporine...
March 2017: Topics in Companion Animal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750791/use-of-nandrolone-decanoate-in-treatment-of-pure-red-cell-aplasia-secondary-to-diclofenac-administration-a-case-report
#11
Paula Nassar de Marchi, André Nanny Le Sueur Vieira, José Francisco Antunes Ribeiro, Silvano Salgueiro Geraldes, Paulo Roberto Rodrigues Ramos, Alessandra Melchert, Priscylla Tatiana Chalfun Guimarães-Okamoto
Pure red cell aplasia (PRCA) is a disorder that leads to a nonregenerative anemia that results from erythroid precursors failing to reach maturity in the bone marrow, whereas the numbers of mature myeloid and megakaryocytic cells remain normal. PRCA can be induced by autoimmune processes, infections, drugs, toxins, and radiation, and is diagnosed by a bone marrow cytology examination after excluding the most common causes of nonregenerative anemia. Immunosuppressive therapies are used to treat PRCA, and usually involve the use of glucocorticoids, cyclosporin, or azathioprine...
March 2017: Topics in Companion Animal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750790/evaluation-of-the-effect-of-mesotherapy-in-the-management-of-osteoarthritis-related-pain-in-a-police-working-dog-using-the-canine-brief-pain-inventory
#12
REVIEW
João Carlos Alves, Ana Margarida Santos
CASE DESCRIPTON: A 9-year-old, 33.4kg (73.63Lb) male entire drug detection Labrador Retriever Dog was presented with an history of constant lameness from the right thoracic limb, aggravated with exercise and work. CLINICAL FIDINGS: Clinical examination revealed mild signs of pain on the manipulation of the elbow joint, with reduced range of motion on the end feel of joint flexion and extension and crepitation. Radiographic examination of the right elbow joint revealed severe, chronic osteoarthritis, with osteophyte formation on the humeral epicondyles and articular margin of the distomedial humerus, with a narrowed joint space, and osteophytes on the proximal radius, proximomedial ulna, and anconeal process...
March 2017: Topics in Companion Animal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750789/acute-hypoxemic-respiratory-failure-with-hemoptysis-in-a-dog-exposed-to-copper-sulfate-powder
#13
Elisabetta Giudice, Chiara Crinò, Paola Lanzafame, Fabio Viganò, Francesco Macrì, Simona Di Pietro
A 2-year-old male mongrel dog was presented because of the onset of dry cough. About 16 hours before, the dog had been exposed to the pesticide that the owner was spraying in the vineyard. Approximately 3 hours later an acute respiratory failure, with a rapid evolution, began. Hemoptysis and regenerative normocytic normochromic anemia arose within hours, and a pulmonary hemorrhage was diagnosed. Pulmonary hemorrhage fast led to pneumonia, as evidenced by the serial CXR findings and the developing of leukocytosis...
March 2017: Topics in Companion Animal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750788/autologous-platelet-concentrates-as-treatment-for-avascular-necrosis-of-femoral-head-in-a-dog
#14
Estefanía Parra, Andrea Vergara, Raúl F Silva
Avascular necrosis of the femoral head is a developmental disturbance that generally affects young dogs of small breeds and produces ischemic necrosis of the femoral head resulting in an incongruous and malformed joint. The most common treatment is the excisional arthroplasty of the head and femoral neck. The aim of this study is to describe the treatment of avascular necrosis in a Yorkshire dog using intra-articular injections of autologous platelet concentrate. Evaluations were made at 0, 15, 30, 60, and 120 days of treatment, describing the following parameters: clinical gait analysis, perimetry, goniometry, and radiographic evaluations...
March 2017: Topics in Companion Animal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750787/high-dose-filgrastim-treatment-of-nonregenerative-pancytopenia-associated-with-chronic-canine-ehrlichiosis
#15
Mauricio Palacios, Rafael Arteaga, Gustavo Calvo
OBJECTIVE: To report the management and outcome of a dog with canine monocytic ehrlichiosis and nonregenerative pancytopenia, with high doses of filgrastim. CASE DESCRIPTION: An 8-year-old male, mixed-breed dog, weighing 5.6kg, presented with a 1-month history of hyporexia, adynamia, and a weight loss of approximately 1kg. The general condition of the dog was observed to be poor as follows: lethargy, tachycardia, marked pallor of the mucous membranes, petechiae on the abdomen, hepatosplenomegaly, and cervical lymphadenopathy...
March 2017: Topics in Companion Animal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750786/proteomic-analysis-of-synovial-fluid-obtained-from-a-dog-diagnosed-with-idiopathic-immune-mediated-polyarthritis
#16
Wei Miao Tan, Seng Fong Lau, Mokrish Ajat, Rozaihan Mansor, Puteri Azaziah Megat Abd Rani, Norasfaliza Binti Rahmad
This case study is to report the proteins detected by proteomic analysis of synovial fluid from a dog diagnosed with idiopathic immune-mediated polyarthritis, and to compare it with healthy dogs. Synovial fluid was collected via arthrocentesis from a dog diagnosed with immune-mediated polyarthritis. Protein precipitation was performed on the synovial fluid, followed by isoelectric focusing and 2-dimensional gel electrophoresis. The spots on the 2-dimensional gels were analyzed using MALDI-TOF/MS. The results were then analyzed against the MASCOT database...
March 2017: Topics in Companion Animal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750785/cerebellar-cortical-abiotrophy-in-young-labrador-retrievers
#17
Chandreyee Sen, Ashwani Kumar Sharma, Charanjit Singh Randhawa, Kuldip Gupta
Cerebellar abiotrophy is a hereditary degenerative disorder of the central nervous system in humans and animals. Four male and one female Labrador-retriever pups were presented with clinical signs of head swaying with intention tremor, loss of target oriented movement, wide base stance, forelimb hypermetria, and hindlimb ataxia leading to falling off during ambulation. On histopathologic examination of cerebellum, cerebellar cortical abiotrophy was confirmed with extensive loss of Purkinje cells, diminution of granular layer, relative thickening and foliar gliosis in white matter...
March 2017: Topics in Companion Animal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750784/the-clinical-follow-up-of-estradiol-benzoate-priming-during-induction-of-estrus-with-cabergoline-in-dogs
#18
Asghar Mogheiseh, Mohammad Javad Mosavi Ghiri, Esmaeil Bandarian
Induction of estrus is used to improve reproductive efficiency of female dogs. In this study, 11 adult healthy female dogs were selected at anestrus stage. The dogs were assigned to treatment (6 dogs) and control groups (5 dogs). Single dose of estradiol benzoate was injected in treatment group at day 0 (0.01mg/kg, IM). Dogs in both groups received cabergoline (5μg/kg orally) from day 7 to the onset of proestrus. Vaginal cytology and blood samples were taken twice a week during study. Average time to the onset of proestrus was 10...
March 2017: Topics in Companion Animal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750783/effects-of-cabergoline-on-thyroid-hormones-and-semen-quality-of-dog
#19
Asghar Mogheiseh, Negar Vara, Mohammad Ayaseh, Parvin Jalali
In this study, the concentration of prolactin, FT4, and semen quality were investigated in 5 clinically healthy fertile mixed-breed dogs (1-3 years old) treated with cabergoline (5μg/kg) during 9 weeks. Semen analysis was performed for volume, live or dead, concentration, and motility factors every week. The results indicated that cabergoline administration caused a minor but significant reduction of the mean prolactin concentration (P < .05) and did not affect the secretion of FT4 (P > .05). Further, there was not a significant effect of cabergoline on semen quality, statistically...
March 2017: Topics in Companion Animal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750782/aspiration-pneumonia-in-the-dog-a-review
#20
REVIEW
Robyn Sherman, Michael Karagiannis
OBJECTIVE: To review the human and veterinary literature pertaining to aspiration pneumonitis and pneumonia. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Data sources included scientific reviews and original research publications from the human and veterinary literature. All reviews and studies that added to the understanding of aspiration pneumonia were included. RESULTS: Compared to human medicine, aspiration pneumonia can be difficult to diagnose in the canine patient and is often a diagnosis of presumption...
March 2017: Topics in Companion Animal Medicine
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