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Topics in Companion Animal Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30243366/editorial
#1
EDITORIAL
Brian Trumpatori, Karl C Maritato
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2018: Topics in Companion Animal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30243365/postamputation-orthopedic-surgery-in-canine-amputees-owner-satisfaction-and-outcome
#2
Elena T Contreras, Deanna R Worley, Ross H Palmer, Felix M Duerr
Surgical management of postamputation orthopedic disease (PAOD) in canine amputees has rarely been documented, and no reports describing outcome of stifle surgery in canine amputees are available. The objective of this multisite retrospective case series was to describe cases and evaluate satisfaction with and outcome of postamputation orthopedic surgery in canine amputees. Data was obtained through medical records and owner survey responses; data included signalment, amputation cause, diagnosis, surgical treatment, timeframes, and outcome assessment...
September 2018: Topics in Companion Animal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30243364/photobiomodulation-therapy-in-veterinary-medicine-a-review
#3
REVIEW
Lindsay Hochman
Laser therapy, or photobiomodulation, has rapidly grown in popularity in human and veterinary medicine. With a number of proposed indications and broad, sometimes anecdotal, use in practice, research interest has expanded aimed at providing scientific support. Recent studies have shown that laser therapy alters the inflammatory and immune response as well as promotes healing for a variety of tissue types. This review will cover the history of the modality, basic principles, proposed mechanisms of action, evidence-based clinical indications, and will guide the practitioner through its application in practice...
September 2018: Topics in Companion Animal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30243363/feline-perineal-urethrostomy-a-review-of-past-and-present-literature
#4
REVIEW
Alicia K Nye, Jill K Luther
Urethral obstruction is a potentially fatal condition and in cases of recurrent obstruction or an identified cause that is refractory to medical management, a urethrostomy may be performed for definitive treatment. Perineal urethrostomy is the surgical creation of a permanent stoma in the wider pelvic urethra via anastomosis to the perineal skin. Diagnosis of the underlying cause of obstruction, proper perioperative treatment, and an understanding of the anatomy and surgical technique, are imperative to the success of this procedure...
September 2018: Topics in Companion Animal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30243362/hydroxyurea-induced-onychomadesis-in-a-dog-with-chronic-myeloid-leukemia-a-case-report
#5
Denner Santos Dos Anjos, Paula Barbosa Costa, Larissa Fernandes Magalhães, Oscar Rodrigo Sierra, Sabryna Gouveia Calazans, Carlos Eduardo Fonseca-Alves
A 12-year-old Rottweiler dog was presented with a history of prostration, weight loss and hyporexia for six months. Based on complete blood tests (hematological and biochemical analyses), bone marrow examination and imaging analysis, a diagnosis of chronic myeloid leukemia was made. Treatment with hydroxyurea at a dosage of 18 mg/kg twice daily was not effective in controlling the high count of white blood cells. Furthermore, after 35 days of hydroxyurea treatment, the animal developed onycholysis, with sloughing of the claws of the left pelvic and left thoracic limbs and exposure of the distal phalanx...
September 2018: Topics in Companion Animal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30243361/evaluation-description-of-the-technique-and-clinical-outcomes-after-tibial-tuberosity-advancement-with-cranial-fixation-tta-cf-for-cranial-cruciate-ligament-rupture-in-22-dogs
#6
Yauheni Zhalniarovich, Andrzej Sobolewski, Grzegorz Waluś, Zbigniew Adamiak
The objective of this study is to describe a modified surgical technique for tibial tuberosity advancement with cranial fixation (TTA CF) in dogs with cranial cruciate insufficiency and to report long term clinical outcomes and complications. TTA CF was performed with a novel titanium implant. A description of the specific implant with guide, drill and saw guide, instrumentation, and template are provided, along with clinical outcomes, complications, owners' evaluation, and a 1-year postoperation follow-up...
September 2018: Topics in Companion Animal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30243360/single-stage-bilateral-tibial-tuberosity-advancement-with-cranial-fixation-in-an-english-bulldog-a-case-report
#7
Zbigniew Adamiak, Andrzej Sobolewski, Grzegorz Walus, Yauheni Zhalniarovich, Joanna Glodek
This article presents a report of single-stage bilateral tibial tuberosity advancement for the treatment of cranial cruciate ligament rupture in an English bulldog. The reconstruction was performed by a new surgical technique involving tibial tuberosity advancement and fixation with two cranially placed lag screws. The patient was able to ambulate normally at a walk without lameness four days postoperatively. Except for bruising of the surgical site, no complications were observed during a six-month follow-up period...
September 2018: Topics in Companion Animal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30236410/readability-evaluations-of-veterinary-client-handouts-and-implications-for-patient-care
#8
Kenneth D Royal, M Katie Sheats, April A Kedrowicz
Health literacy and readability are important considerations for veterinary medicine, as veterinarians commonly distribute brochures, leaflets and info-graphics to explain health related issues to pet owners. Educational materials that are poorly comprehended by the intended audience could result in negative, unintended consequences. Thus, the National Institutes of Health (NIH) and the American Medical Association (AMA) have recommended readability levels for text on health information be targeted between the fourth and sixth grade levels to accommodate a highly diverse public...
June 2018: Topics in Companion Animal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30236409/veterinary-neurologic-rehabilitation-the-rationale-for-a-comprehensive-approach
#9
REVIEW
Lauren R Frank, Patrick F P Roynard
The increase in client willingness to pursue surgical procedures, the heightened perceived value of veterinary patients, and the desire to provide comprehensive medical care have driven the recent demand of using an integrative treatment approach in veterinary rehabilitation. Physical therapy following neurologic injury has been the standard of care in human medicine for decades, whereas similar rehabilitation techniques have only recently been adapted and utilized in veterinary medicine. Spinal cord injury is the most common neurologic disease currently addressed by veterinary rehabilitation specialists and will be the primary focus of this review; however, research in other neurologic conditions will also be discussed...
June 2018: Topics in Companion Animal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30236408/intranasal-osteosarcoma-in-a-dog-a-case-report
#10
Gabriela Noronha de Toledo, Pamela Rodrigues Reina Moreira, Daniele Santos Rolemberg, Andréia Coutinho Facin, Julio Edward Hough Monteiro, Mareliza Possa de Menezes, Maria Eduarda Bastos Andrade Moutinho da Conceição, Felipe Augusto Ruiz Sueiro, Rosemeri de Oliveira Vasconcelos, Paola de Castro Moraes, Mirela Tinucci Costa, Andrigo Barboza de Nardi
Osteosarcoma is the most commonly reported bone tumor in dogs, typically affecting the axial and appendicular skeleton. Involvement of the paranasal sinuses and the nasal cavity is extremely rare. This report describes a 6-year-old, female, cross-breed dog presented with signs of 90 days duration and diagnosed with a mass located in the right nasal cavity. Radiography, rhinoscopy, and computed tomography findings suggested the presence of an intranasal tumor. Osteosarcoma in the nasal cavity was diagnosed based on histopathological examination and clinical and imaging findings...
June 2018: Topics in Companion Animal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30223988/read-all-about-it-health-literacy-and-veterinary-client-educational-materials
#11
EDITORIAL
Sarah A Moore
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: Topics in Companion Animal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30223987/feline-herpesvirus-1-and-mycoplasma-spp-conventional-pcr-assay-results-from-conjunctival-samples-from-cats-in-shelters-with-suspected-acute-ocular-infections
#12
Dara Zirofsky, Wendy Rekers, Cynthia Powell, Jennifer Hawley, Julia Veir, Michael Lappin
Signs of ocular infections like discharge and conjunctivitis occur commonly in cats in shelters and feline herpesvirus 1 (FHV-1), Chlamydia felis, Mycoplasma spp, and feline calicivirus (FCV) are thought to be the most common causes. While molecular assays are available to amplify nucleic acids of each of these agents as single tests or in panels, additional information is needed concerning whether the assay results can be used to predict response to treatment. The objectives of this study were to report results for conventional polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assays that amplify nucleic acids of FHV-1, Mycoplasma spp...
June 2018: Topics in Companion Animal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30223986/evidence-for-clinical-anaplasmosis-and-borreliosis-in-cats-in-maine
#13
Kris Hoyt, Ramaswamy Chandrashekar, Melissa Beall, Christian Leutenegger, Michael R Lappin
The objectives of this study were to use data from client-owned cats in an Ixodes scapularis endemic area to evaluate for clinical associations with diagnostic test results for Anaplasma phagocytophilum and Borrelia burgdorferi and to provide information from a group of cats with possible borreliosis as the cause of clinical manifestations of disease. All cases were evaluated at one clinic, medical records were evaluated, and sera from all cats were tested using one of two commercially available assays labeled for the use with dog sera (SNAP 4Dx or SNAP 4Dx Plus; IDEXX Laboratories, Westbrook, ME)...
June 2018: Topics in Companion Animal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29793726/canine-diabetes-mellitus-associated-ocular-disease
#14
REVIEW
Eric J Miller, Courtenay M Brines
Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a commonly encountered disease in companion animal veterinary practice. Ocular complications in dogs with DM are thought to be common but there are no reports of the overall incidence of DM-associated ocular disease. Some complications, such as cataracts and ocular surface disease, can lead to vision loss and significant morbidity among DM patients, therefore early recognition and intervention are essential for successful outcomes. The purpose of this article is to provide a review of several currently known or suspected ocular diseases associated with DM...
March 2018: Topics in Companion Animal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29793725/bioelectric-dressing-supports-complex-wound-healing-in-small-animal-patients
#15
Amanda Maijer, April Gessner, Brian Trumpatori, Janet D Varhus
It is well documented that physiological electric fields provide the earliest signals necessary to initiate cell proliferation, migration, and ultimately reepithelialization of wounds. Additionally, electricity is known to exert an antimicrobial effect. An electric field-generating wound dressing designed to mimic physiological electric fields has not been described in the small animal clinic. This article retrospectively reviews the use of a microcell battery-impregnated bioelectric dressing (BED) in 5 small animal patients with complex wounds...
March 2018: Topics in Companion Animal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29793724/a-review-emergency-management-of-dogs-with-suspected-epileptic-seizures
#16
REVIEW
Tessa Meland, Sheila Carrera-Justiz
Dogs with seizure disorders are commonly presented to the general practitioner for initial evaluation. The most common diagnosis provided is idiopathic epilepsy. As witnessing seizures is often traumatic for owners, it is important for the practitioner to understand seizure classification, know when to initiate antiepileptic drug therapy and be comfortable with client education regarding seizures. This review briefly discusses the most up-to-date classification of seizures, the necessity to obtain accurate histories and complete examinations, base-line diagnostics to perform, the importance of owner education, and when to start medications...
March 2018: Topics in Companion Animal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29793723/whelping-and-dystocia-maximizing-success-of-medical-management
#17
REVIEW
Erin E Runcan, Marco A Coutinho da Silva
Dystocia can be defined broadly as "difficult birth" or more specifically as difficulty in the bitch expelling the pups through the cervix, vagina, and vestibule. It is a fairly common emergency presented to the small animal practitioner with an incidence rate of approximately 5%. The incidence of dystocia is highest in toy and brachycephalic breeds, and occurs frequently in small litters (<3 pups) due to fetal oversize and delayed onset of labor. As duration of labor progresses, the mortality of the pups and even the bitch increases, with the highest number of stillborn pups occurring after 6 hours from the time of active parturition...
March 2018: Topics in Companion Animal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29793722/understanding-and-treating-chiari-like-malformation-and-syringomyelia-in-dogs
#18
REVIEW
Ashley C Hechler, Sarah A Moore
Chiari-like malformation (CM) and syringomyelia (SM) are common and debilitating conditions in toy and small breed dogs. CM, considered ubiquitous in the cavalier King Charles spaniel (CKCS) population, results in abnormal cerebrospinal fluid dynamics which can lead to the development of SM. The clinical signs associated with CM/SM are frequently confused with other otologic and dermatologic conditions, which may delay appropriate treatment. A definitive diagnosis of CM/SM requires advanced imaging; however, due to expense associated with this, many cases are managed presumptively and symptomatically for the condition...
March 2018: Topics in Companion Animal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29525234/syndrome-of-inappropriate-antidiuretic-hormone-secretion-in-a-mini-breed-puppy-associated-with-aspiration-pneumonia
#19
Rocío Martínez, Carlos Torrente
A 3-month-old intact male Prague ratter was presented to the emergency service for evaluation of progressive lethargy, weakness, coughing and labour breathing after an episode of resistance to oral deworming. The patient exhibited depression, increased respiratory effort and cyanosis at initial presentation. Results of first diagnostic work-up (complete blood cell count, biochemistry panel and thoracic x-rays) were all consistent with aspiration pneumonia. The puppy was initially treated with balanced isotonic crystalloids, broad spectrum antibiotics, nebulization with thoracic coupage and was transferred to an infant incubator with a sustained FiO2 of 40-50%...
December 2017: Topics in Companion Animal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29525233/small-animal-massage-therapy-a-brief-review-and-relevant-observations
#20
REVIEW
Maira Rezende Formenton, Marco Aurélio Amador Pereira, Denise Tabacchi Fantoni
Massage therapy is becoming increasingly popular in human and animal physiotherapy and rehabilitation. Wider application of the technique led to research efforts aimed at providing scientific support to anecdotal beneficial effects, particularly pain relief. Recent studies have shown that massage therapy alters dopamine and serotonin levels, decreases noradrenaline levels, and modulates the immune system. Psychological effects such as reduction of stress and anxiety, with improvement of depressive patients, have been reported in humans...
December 2017: Topics in Companion Animal Medicine
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