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New Biotechnology

Mack Moyo, Adeyemi O Aremu, Lenka Plačková, Lucie Plíhalová, Aleš Pěnčík, Ondřej Novák, Jan Holub, Karel Doležal, Johannes Van Staden
Clonal propagation plays a critical integral role in the growth and success of a global multi-billion dollar horticulture industry through a constant supply of healthy stock plants. The supply chain depends on continuously improving the micropropagation process, thus, understanding the physiology of in vitro plants remains a core component. We evaluated the influence of exogenously applied cytokinins (CKs, N6 -benzyladenine = BA, isopentenyladenine = iP, meta-topolin = mT, 6-(3-hydroxybenzylamino)-9-(tetrahydropyran-2-yl)purine = mTTHP) in Murashige and Skoog (MS)-supplemented media on organogenic response and accumulation of endogenous CK and indole-3-acetic acid (IAA) metabolites...
February 15, 2018: New Biotechnology
Greet Smets, Patrick Rüdelsheim
Conventionally, chitosans are derived from shrimp and other crustacean shells. Biotechnology offers an alternative route to produce chitosans and more importantly, specific chitosan structures tailored to the needs of a diversity of industries. However, for biotech chitosans and products thereof to be commercialised, legislation should not create a burden. Here, the requirements of the EU regulatory framework have been analysed for the entire chain from research to development and production of several potential applications including nanomaterials...
February 13, 2018: New Biotechnology
Kalpana Nautiyal, Yutaka Kuroda
Tobacco Etch Virus (TEV) protease is used in the purification of recombinant proteins, but its use is often hampered by solubility issues. Here, we report a short, 12-residue solubility enhancing peptide (SEP) tag attached at the C-terminus of TEV (TEV-C9R). We assessed the effects of the C9R tag on the biophysical and biochemical characteristics of TEV. The yield of HPLC purified TEV-C9R expressed in E. coli grown in 200 mL LB or TB media was between 10 and 13 mg, which was up to 6.5 times higher than the yield of the untagged TEV...
February 12, 2018: New Biotechnology
Nika Schwartz, Michal Pellach, Yair Glick, Reuven Gil, Gahl Levy, Dorit Avrahami, Efrat Barbiro-Michaely, Yaakov Nahmias, Doron Gerber
The hepatitis C virus (HCV) non-structural protein 3 (NS3) is essential for HCV maturation. The NS3/4A protease is a target for several HCV treatments and is a well-known target for HCV drug discovery. The protein is membrane associated and thus probably interacts with other membrane proteins. However, the vast majority of known NS3 host partners are soluble proteins rather than membrane proteins, most likely due to lack of appropriate platforms for their discovery. Utilization of an integrated microfluidics platform enables analysis of membrane proteins in their native form...
February 10, 2018: New Biotechnology
Daniel Grajales, Juan Carlos Mateos, Daniel Padro, Pedro Ramos-Cabrer, Fernando López-Gallego
Protein immobilization is a key enabling technology for flow biocatalysis. For this purpose, many different immobilization protocols and characterization techniques have been developed in recent decades. However, examples where proteins are directly immobilized on ready-to-use reactors are scarce, likely due to the lack of analytical tools to monitor in-flow protein immobilization in a non-invasive manner. Here, we have for the first time exploited Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) to characterize in-flow protein immobilization on pre-packed bed columns...
February 10, 2018: New Biotechnology
Eugenia J Olguín, Joan García, Jaume Puigagut
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 6, 2018: New Biotechnology
Domenico Andrea Cristaldi, Fatih Yanar, Ali Mosayyebi, Pablo García-Manrique, Eugen Stulz, Dario Carugo, Xunli Zhang
The translation of continuous-flow microreactor technology to the industrial environment has been limited by cost and complexity of the fabrication procedures and the requirement for specialised infrastructure. In the present study, we have developed a significantly cost-effective and easy-to-perform fabrication method for the generation of optically transparent, continuous-flow reactors. The method combines 3D printing of master moulds with sealing of the PDMS channels' replica using a pressure-sensitive adhesive tape...
February 6, 2018: New Biotechnology
Anita Šalić, Ana Jurinjak Tušek, Aleksandra Sander, Bruno Zelić
Although the application of microreactors in different processes has been extensively explored in recent decades, microreactors continue to be underexplored in the context of the enzyme-catalysed process for biodiesel production. Due to their numerous advantages, microreactors could become the next step in the development of a biodiesel production process characterised by sustainability, cost-effectiveness and energy efficiency. In this investigation, biodiesel production was catalysed by lipase from Thermomyces lanuginosus (Lipolase L100)...
February 5, 2018: New Biotechnology
Edouard I R Sanou, Godelieve Gheysen, Bazoumana Koulibaly, Caspar Roelofs, Stijn Speelman
In 2008, the commercial cultivation of Genetically Modified (GM) cotton (Bollgard II®) started in Burkina Faso. The adoption rate increased rapidly in subsequent years to reach around 70% in 2014. Although some criticisms were raised concerning the suitability of the technology for the farming system in Burkina Faso, the introduction of transgenic cotton in the country was generally regarded as a great success. Despite this, during the 2016-2017 agricultural campaign, the government of Burkina Faso decided to suspend the cultivation of Bollgard II®...
January 19, 2018: New Biotechnology
Simon L Goodman
The biological literature reverberates with the inadequacies of commercial research-tool antibodies. The scientific community spends some $2 billion per year on such reagents. Excellent accessible scientific platforms exist for reliably making, validating and using antibodies, yet the laboratory end-user reality is somehow depressing - because they often "don't work". This experience is due to a bizarre and variegated spectrum of causes including: inadequately identified antibodies; inappropriate user and supplier validation; poor user training; and overloaded publishers...
January 17, 2018: New Biotechnology
Savannah Gleim, Stuart J Smyth
Part of what is presently missing at domestic regulatory levels (and that is important at the international level as well) is a detailed understanding of what the rules of, and for, regulation should be, who the actors, stakeholders and major decision makers are and finally, how to get agreement about the rules. Greater insights into the system of rules that underpin regulatory frameworks for agri-food and biotechnology products in genetically modified (GM) crop- adopting nations will provide value by clarifying the evidence used to commercialize these technologies...
January 17, 2018: New Biotechnology
Daniela Huber, Klaus Bleymaier, Alessandro Pellis, Robert Vielnascher, Andreas Daxbacher, Katrin J Greimel, Georg M Guebitz
Pharmaceuticals contaminate the environment for several reasons, including metabolic excretion after intake, industrial waste and improper disposal. The narcotic drug morphine is commonly utilized for chronic pain management, and the distribution of morphine in aqueous systems and in waste waters is of high concern. Here. the removal of morphine by a laccase from Myceliophthora thermophila both in its free form as well as immobilized on Accurel MP1000 beads was investigated. Complete morphine elimination was achieved within 30 min for the free and the immobilized enzyme (70% bound protein) for concentrations between 1 and 1,000 mg L-1 according to LC-TOF mass spectrometry analysis...
January 6, 2018: New Biotechnology
Ulf Landegren, Rasel A Al-Amin, Johan Björkesten
Plasma proteome analyses of the future promise invaluable insights into states of health, not only by measuring proteins whose role it is to ensure blood homeostasis, but increasingly also as a window into the health of practically any tissue in the body via so-called leakage protein biomarkers. Realizing more of this vast potential will require progress along many lines. Here we discuss the main ones, such as optimal selection of target proteins, affinity reagents, immunoassay formats, samples, and applications, with a view from ongoing work in our laboratory...
January 5, 2018: New Biotechnology
Dulce María Arias, Enrica Uggetti, María Jesús García-Galán, Joan García
In the present study, different photoperiods and nutritional conditions were applied to a mixed wastewater-borne cyanobacterial culture in order to enhance the intracellular accumulation of polyhydroxybutyrates (PHBs) and carbohydrates. Two different experimental set-ups were used. In the first, the culture was permanently exposed to illumination, while in the second it was submitted to light/dark alternation (12 h cycles). In both cases, two different nutritional regimes were also evaluated, N-limitation and P-limitation...
January 3, 2018: New Biotechnology
Giulio Russo, Ulrike Theisen, Wieland Fahr, Saskia Helmsing, Michael Hust, Reinhard W Köster, Stefan Dübel
Cadherin-2 plays a fundamental role during zebrafish CNS and heart morphogenesis. Profiling zCdh2 expression via antibody staining is essential to achieving better understanding of its role during zebrafish development. Generation of recombinant human antibodies to zCdh2 by phage display was used to identify monoclonal antibodies with reduced unspecific binding patterns when compared to available commercial antibodies. Specificity was profiled using flow cytometry of wild type, zCdh2-defective mutant and zCdh2-GFP zebrafish cells...
December 28, 2017: New Biotechnology
Alessia Arelli, Andrea Nuzzo, Claudia Sabia, Ibrahim M Banat, Giulio Zanaroli, Fabio Fava
Washing is a rapid and effective treatment to remediate contaminated sands impacted by oil spills, although synthetic additives used to increase extraction efficiency may cause additional pollution issues due to their intrinsic toxicity and very often low biodegradability. In this study, different biogenic mobilizing agents (soybean lecithins, cyclodextrins, cholic acids, plant-derived cleaners, rhamnolipids and sophorolipids) were tested in the washing of beach sands artificially contaminated with the Intermediate Fuel Oil IFO-180...
December 27, 2017: New Biotechnology
Alan M Edlund, Justin Jones, Randolph Lewis, Jason C Quinn
Major ampullate spider silk represents a promising protein-based biomaterial with diverse commercial potential ranging from textiles to medical devices due to its excellent physical and thermal properties. Recent advancements in synthetic biology have facilitated the development of recombinant spider silk proteins from Escherichia coli (E. coli), alfalfa and goats. This study specifically investigates the economic feasibility and environmental impact of synthetic spider silk manufacturing. Pilot scale data was used to validate an engineering process model that includes all of the required sub-processing steps for synthetic fiber manufacture: production, harvesting, purification, drying, and spinning...
December 22, 2017: New Biotechnology
Qi Zhao, Diane Buhr, Courtney Gunter, Jenny Frenette, Mary Ferguson, Eric Sanford, Erika Holland, Chitra Rajagopal, Melissa Batonick, Margaret M Kiss, Michael P Weiner
Successful antibody discovery relies on diversified libraries, where two aspects are implied, namely the absolute number of unique clones and the percentage of functional clones. Instead of pursuing the absolute quantity thresholded by current display technology, we have sought to maximize the effective diversity by improving functional clone percentage. With the combined effort of bioinformatics, structural biology, molecular immunology and phage display technology, we devised a bioinformatic pipeline to construct and validate libraries via combinatorial assembly of sequences from a database of experimentally validated antibodies...
December 11, 2017: New Biotechnology
Gulsim Kulsharova, Nikolay Dimov, Marco P C Marques, Nicolas Szita, Frank Baganz
Poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) microfluidic devices have become promising platforms for a wide range of applications. Here we report a simple method for immobilising histidine-tagged enzymes suitable for PMMA microfluidic devices. The 1-step-immobilisation described is based on the affinity of the His-tag/Ni-NTA interaction and does not require prior amination of the PMMA surface, unlike many existing protocols. We compared it with a 3-step immobilisation protocol involving amination of PMMA and linking NTA via a glutaraldehyde cross-linker...
December 11, 2017: New Biotechnology
Imma Gifuni, Giuseppe Olivieri, Antonino Pollio, Antonio Marzocchella
The recent trends in microalgal cultures are focused on the biorefinery of the biomass components. Some of them are not completely valorised, for example starch. Since there is a wide market for starch products in food and non-food industries, the exploitation of microalgal starch fractions could improve the economic sustainability of microalgae production. In this perspective, the optimization of nitrogen and carbon source uptake for starch accumulation is a critical point for reducing the nitrogen requirement footprint and to increase CO2 capture...
December 10, 2017: New Biotechnology
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