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African Journal of Psychiatry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24173636/understanding-cohort-differences-in-appraisals-of-reconstruction-priorities-of-mental-health-systems-in-postconflict-liberia
#1
D A Gray, C P Borba, B L Harris, S Dominguez, R Boxill, E K Wang, D C Henderson
OBJECTIVE: This study analyzes the relationship between informants' age and their assessment of mental health needs in postconflict society and examines if mental health needs assessment priorities differ depending upon whether or not the informant was exposed to the Liberian civil war. METHODS: cross-sectional survey was conducted in March 2009 to obtain data on mental health needs of Liberian children, adolescents and young adults. A total of 171 individuals were interviewed...
November 19, 2013: African Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24173635/the-prevalence-of-metabolic-syndrome-and-its-associated-factors-in-long-term-patients-in-a-specialist-psychiatric-hospital-in-south-africa
#2
K Maaroganye, M Mohapi, C Krüger, P Rheeder
OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were to determine the prevalence of metabolic disorders in long-term psychiatric patients, and the relationship between known risk factors and these metabolic disorders. METHODS: All psychiatric in-patients ≥18 years, who had been admitted ≥six months were invited to participate. Eighty-four patients participated. They were interviewed, examined, measured and blood tests conducted to determine several demographic and clinical variables including age, gender, weight, blood pressure and fasting blood glucose...
November 19, 2013: African Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24173634/screening-a-heterogeneous-elderly-south-african-population-for-cognitive-impairment-the-utility-and-performance-of-the-mini-mental-state-examination-six-item-screener-subjective-memory-rating-scale-and-deterioration-cognitive-observee
#3
S Ramlall, J Chipps, A L Bhigjee, B J Pillay
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to report on the prevalence of cognitive impairment, and to assess the performance and utility of subjective, objective and informant screening tools in a heterogeneous community sample. METHOD: A sample of 302 elderly participants (>60 years) living in residential homes in a large city in South Africa were screened for the presence of cognitive impairment using objective (Mini-Mental State Examination [MMSE] and Six Item Screener-[SIS]), subjective (Subjective Memory Complaint [SMC]and Subjective Memory Rating Scale [SMRS]) and informant (Deterioration Cognitive Observee [DECO]) screening tools...
November 19, 2013: African Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24173633/post-traumatic-stress-disorder-and-resilience-in-veterans-who-served-in-the-south-african-border-war
#4
M A Connell, O Omole, U Subramaney, S Olorunju
OBJECTIVE: The psychological impact of the South African border war on veterans has received little or no attention. This study determined the prevalence of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and extent of resilience among a cohort of veterans. METHOD: Of 1527 former students who matriculated from a Johannesburg high school from 1975 to 1988, only 109 were reachable for convenience and snowballing recruitment into this study. An anonymous, internet-based questionnaire was used to obtain information on demography, combat exposure, drug and alcohol use, traumatic events in later life, and recourse to medication and counselling...
November 19, 2013: African Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24173632/mild-cognitive-impairment-and-dementia-in-a-heterogeneous-elderly-population-prevalence-and-risk-profile
#5
S Ramlall, J Chipps, B J Pillay, A L Bhigjee
OBJECTIVE: To describe the demographic, clinical and risk profile of Mild Cognitive Impairment and dementia in a sample of elderly South Africans within a residential setting. METHOD: One hundred and forty participants residing in a group of residential homes for the elderly were assessed by psychiatrists and assigned diagnoses of dementia or Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI). Participants diagnosed with dementia were also offered haematological investigations and a CT scan of the brain...
November 19, 2013: African Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24173631/the-accuracy-of-interpreting-key-psychiatric-terms-by-ad-hoc-interpreters-at-a-south-african-psychiatric-hospital
#6
S Hagan, L Swartz, S Kilian, B Chiliza, P Bisogno, J Joska
OBJECTIVE: This study examined the competence and accuracy of ad hoc interpreters in interpreting key psychiatric terms at a South African psychiatric hospital METHODS: Nine individuals were asked to translate key psychiatric terms from English to Xhosa. These translations were then back-translated by independent translators, who do not have knowledge of psychiatric terminology. These back-translations were then compared with the original English. RESULTS: It was clear that not all the participants were fully competent in English...
November 19, 2013: African Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24173630/sodium-valproate-for-the-treatment-of-mania-in-a-patient-with-charcot-marie-tooth-disease
#7
LETTER
S Kumar Kar, A K Panda, A Kamboj, O Praskash
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 19, 2013: African Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24173629/homemade-heroin-substitute-causing-hallucinations
#8
LETTER
T I Lemon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 19, 2013: African Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24173628/improving-mental-health-systems-in-africa
#9
EDITORIAL
C P Szabo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 19, 2013: African Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24051671/the-sad-truth-about-depression-in-the-elderly
#10
J Shamos
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2013: African Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24051670/using-a-treatment-partner-and-text-messaging-to-improve-adherence-to-psychotropic-medication-a-qualitative-formative-study-of-service-users-and-caregivers-in-cape-town-south-africa
#11
S Mall, G Sibeko, H Temmingh, D J Stein, P Milligan, C Lund
OBJECTIVE: Poor adherence to medications, including psychotropic medications contributes to the burden of disease. Mental health service users (MHSU) may also not attend follow-up appointments at their health care facilities where they could discuss adherence with their health care provider. This paper reports on preliminary qualitative research preceding a randomised controlled trial that aims to improve adherence to psychotropic medication and to follow up treatment visits. The intervention will entail the support of individuals with serious mental disorder by a treatment partner and short message service (SMS) text messaging...
September 2013: African Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24051669/clinical-and-psycho-social-profile-of-child-and-adolescent-mental-health-care-users-and-services-at-an-urban-child-mental-health-clinic-in-south-africa
#12
N Raman, A B Janse van Rensburg
OBJECTIVE: National and international child and adolescent mental healthcare policy and action advocate that the health and well being of children should be increasingly given greater attention. The purpose of this study was to describe the demographic, socio economic and clinical profile of the users at the child and adolescent mental health clinic of the Rahima Moosa Mother and Child Hospital (RMMCH). METHOD: A descriptive, retrospective clinical audit from users' clinical files was performed over a one-year period from January to December 2007...
September 2013: African Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24051668/assessment-of-the-needs-of-vulnerable-youth-populations-in-post-conflict-liberia
#13
E J Levey, C P Borba, B L Harris, J R Carney, S Dominguez, E K Wang, R Boxill, D C Henderson
OBJECTIVE: The study examined key informants' perceptions of the emotional impact of traumatic events, major problems, functional limitations and appropriate treatment settings for children, adolescents, and young adults in post-conflict Liberia. METHOD: This research is a based on cross-sectional survey conducted between March 30, 2009 and April 30, 2009 in Liberia with 171 local key Liberian informants. Analysis was conducted using mixed methods. The findings we will report were collected in the qualitative portion of the survey...
September 2013: African Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24051667/clinical-factors-associated-with-rape-victims-ability-to-testify-in-court-a-records-based-study-of-final-psychiatric-recommendation-to-court
#14
T D Phaswana, D Van der Westhuizen, C Krüger
OBJECTIVE: A rape victim may encounter professionals in both the health and the legal systems. Unanswered questions remain about clinical factors associated with a rape victim's ability to testify in court, and the quality of care offered to rape victims. The objectives of this study were thus to determine the clinical factors that are associated with a rape victim's ability to testify in court, as well as to undertake a preliminary exploration of the referral system between the court and the mental health services...
September 2013: African Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24051666/meanings-of-thinness-and-dysfunctional-eating-in-black-south-african-females-a-qualitative-study
#15
P F Morris, C P Szabo
OBJECTIVE: This study qualitatively explored local meanings of thinness and dysfunctional eating in black adolescent females in the rapidly westernizing socio-cultural context of post-apartheid South Africa. METHODS: Four (n=4) urban state highschools in KwaZulu-Natal were selected from which 40 subjects were sampled from Grades 9-12. Focus groups were conducted following a semi-structured interview and analysed using Constant Comparative Analysis. RESULTS: Subjects reported a wide range of different meanings for thinness, which included traditional idioms of distress and typically western pressures towards thinness, which was particularly evident in the multicultural schools...
September 2013: African Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24051665/a-review-of-quality-of-life-studies-in-nigerian-patients-with-psychiatric-disorders
#16
REVIEW
O Aloba, O Fatoye, B Mapayi, S Akinsulore
The concept of Quality of Life is becoming an increasingly important measure of the impact of psychiatric disorders and is now recognized as useful in the healthcare evaluation of patients with psychiatric disorders. The aim of this review was to document and analyze the research data on quality of life in Nigerian patients with psychiatric disorders. The electronic databases, Medline and Pubmed were searched for published articles on quality of life in Nigerian patients with psychiatric disorders. A total of 6 studies met the inclusion criteria...
September 2013: African Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24051664/expressed-emotion-among-schizophrenic-patients-in-lagos-nigeria-a-pilot-study
#17
LETTER
R E Ogbolu, J D Adeyemi, A R Erinfolami
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2013: African Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24051663/mania-after-termination-of-epilepsy-treatment-a-case-report
#18
LETTER
B Ersoz Alan, D Unal
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2013: African Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24051662/usage-of-download-of-psychiatry-in-africa
#19
LETTER
S Auchincloss, S Pridmore
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2013: African Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24051661/understanding-dsm-5-advice-for-south-african-practitioners
#20
LETTER
C Allgulander
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2013: African Journal of Psychiatry
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