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Systems Biology in Reproductive Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788785/impaired-serotonin-communication-during-juvenile-development-in-rats-diminishes-adult-sperm-quality
#1
Juan Díaz-Ramos, Maribel Flores-Flores, María E Ayala, Andrés Aragón-Martínez
Spermatogenesis and steroidogenesis are testicular functions regulated by gonadotrophins as well as other factors, including serotonin. Testicular serotonin acts as an autocrine regulator of testosterone secretion, but studies on its role in spermatogenesis and sperm quality are scarce. Here, we analyzed the effects of intratesticular inhibition of serotonin synthesis on gonadotrophins, testosterone, and sperm quality. Both testicles of 30-day-old rats were injected once with saline solution (SS) or distinct concentrations of p-chloroamphetamine (PCA) (0...
May 22, 2018: Systems Biology in Reproductive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764212/the-clinical-application-of-single-sperm-based-snp-haplotyping-for-pgd-of-osteogenesis-imperfecta
#2
Linjun Chen, Zhenyu Diao, Zhipeng Xu, Jianjun Zhou, Guijun Yan, Haixiang Sun
Osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) is a genetically heterogeneous disorder, presenting either autosomal dominant, autosomal recessive or X-linked inheritance patterns. The majority of OI cases are autosomal dominant and are caused by heterozygous mutations in either the COL1A1 or COL1A2 gene. In these dominant disorders, allele dropout (ADO) can lead to misdiagnosis in preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD). Polymorphic markers linked to the mutated genes have been used to establish haplotypes for identifying ADO and ensuring the accuracy of PGD...
May 15, 2018: Systems Biology in Reproductive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29737873/adamts1-and-adamts5-metalloproteases-produced-by-sertoli-cells-a-potential-diagnostic-marker-in-azoospermia
#3
Oya Sena Aydos, Yunus Yukselten, Sinan Ozkavukcu, Asuman Sunguroglu, Kaan Aydos
In this study, our aim was to detect protein levels of A Disintegrin and Metalloproteinase with Thrombospondin Motifs 1 and 5 (ADAMTS1 and ADAMTS5) proteases and to examine the effect of in vitro FSH supplementation on protease production in cultured Sertoli cells. The expression of metalloproteases, ADAMTS1, and ADAMTS5 were investigated in Sertoli cell cultures as well as in ejaculate of azoospermic men which then were compared with ejaculates of the fertile control group. A total of 15 azoospermic men, diagnosed as obstructive (OA, n = 5) and nonobstructive (NOA, n = 10) azoospermia were included in the study...
May 8, 2018: Systems Biology in Reproductive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29718716/complex-chromosomal-aberrations-in-a-fetus-originating-from-oocytes-with-smooth-endoplasmic-reticulum-ser-aggregates
#4
Ioannis A Sfontouris, George T Lainas, Tryfon G Lainas, Efthimios Faros, Maria Banti, Katerina Kardara, Katerina Anagnostopoulou, Harris Kontos, George K Petsas, Efstratios M Kolibianakis
The presence of smooth endoplasmic reticulum aggregates (SERa) in the ooplasm is considered as the most severe oocyte dysmorphism due to its serious and potentially lethal outcomes in offspring. In the present case report, a couple underwent their first intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) cycle using a gonadotrophin releasing hormone (GnRH) antagonist protocol, followed by fetal ultrasound scanning and amniocentesis. SERa were observed in all oocytes retrieved. A singleton pregnancy was established. The second trimester fetal ultrasound scan revealed a female fetus with overlapping fingers in both hands, and amniocentesis was performed for the detection of chromosomal abnormalities...
May 2, 2018: Systems Biology in Reproductive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29696996/a-technical-assessment-of-the-porcine-ejaculated-spermatozoa-for-a-sperm-specific-rna-seq-analysis
#5
Marta Gòdia, Fabiana Quoos Mayer, Julieta Nafissi, Anna Castelló, Joan Enric Rodríguez-Gil, Armand Sánchez, Alex Clop
The study of the boar sperm transcriptome by RNA-seq can provide relevant information on sperm quality and fertility and might contribute to animal breeding strategies. However, the analysis of the spermatozoa RNA is challenging as these cells harbor very low amounts of highly fragmented RNA, and the ejaculates also contain other cell types with larger amounts of non-fragmented RNA. Here, we describe a strategy for a successful boar sperm purification, RNA extraction and RNA-seq library preparation. Using these approaches our objectives were: (i) to evaluate the sperm recovery rate (SRR) after boar spermatozoa purification by density centrifugation using the non-porcine-specific commercial reagent BoviPureTM ; (ii) to assess the correlation between SRR and sperm quality characteristics; (iii) to evaluate the relationship between sperm cell RNA load and sperm quality traits and (iv) to compare different library preparation kits for both total RNA-seq (SMARTer Universal Low Input RNA and TruSeq RNA Library Prep kit) and small RNA-seq (NEBNext Small RNA and TailorMix miRNA Sample Prep v2) for high-throughput sequencing...
April 26, 2018: Systems Biology in Reproductive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658346/association-between-thrombophilia-gene-polymorphisms-and-recurrent-pregnancy-loss-risk-in-the-iranian-population
#6
Razieh Bigdeli, Mohammad Reza Younesi, Erfan Panahnejad, Vahid Asgary, Samaneh Heidarzadeh, Hoda Mazaheri, Samira Louni Aligoudarzi
Miscarriage is the most common complication in pregnancy. Considering the importance of the problem thrombophilia in pregnant women and its association with recurrent pregnancy loss (RPL), analysis of polymorphisms of genes involved in thrombophilia can be useful. We investigated the frequency and association between ten polymorphisms of seven thrombophilia genes and RPL in an Iranian population. This case-control study was conducted on 200 women with recurrent pregnancy loss and also on 200 women with at least one successful pregnancy as the control group...
April 15, 2018: Systems Biology in Reproductive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658329/identification-of-a-novel-mutation-in-fgfr1-gene-in-patients-with-kallmann-syndrome-by-high-throughput-sequencing
#7
Bao-Fang Jin, Zhi-Yong Ji, Zhi-Ying Su, Li-Bin Mei, Xian-Jing Huang, Shao-Bin Lin, Ping Li, Yan-Wei Sha
Kallmann syndrome (KS) is a rare clinical and genetic heterogeneity disease, which is familial or sporadic. KS is known to have three patterns of inheritance: X linked recessive inheritance, autosomal dominant inheritance and rare autosomal recessive inheritance. Here, we report a sibling pedigree with autosomal dominant inheritance of KS, and we identified a novel heterozygous frameshift mutation c.299_300insCCGCAGACTCCGGCCTCTATGC (p.C101Rfs*17) in FGFR1 gene using whole-exome sequencing (WES). The mutation and affection status were cosegregated...
April 15, 2018: Systems Biology in Reproductive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29620421/adding-bovine-seminal-plasma-prior-to-freezing-improves-post-thaw-bull-sperm-kinematics-but-decreases-mitochondrial-activity
#8
Thanapol Nongbua, Essraa M Al-Essawe, Anders Edman, Anders Johannisson, Jane M Morrell
Variations in fertility between bulls with comparable sperm quality could be due to differences in their seminal plasma (SP). The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of adding bovine SP from bulls of known fertility to SP-free sperm samples. After removal of SP by Single Layer Centrifugation, resuspended sperm pellets were treated with SP from high or low fertility bulls at 0% (control), 1%, or 5% before freezing. Sperm quality was evaluated after thawing. Data were analyzed using Proc MIXED, SAS®...
April 5, 2018: Systems Biology in Reproductive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29620419/artificial-oocyte-activation-with-calcium-ionophore-for-frozen-sperm-cycles
#9
Seda Karabulut, Özlem Aksünger, Can Ata, Yusuf Sağıroglu, İlknur Keskin
Fertilization problems are the major problems that may be faced in 30-55% of the patients during an intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) cycle. A successful oocyte activation depends on factors related to both sperm and oocyte, and one of the important factors that mediates the process is Ca2+ concentration within the oocyte. Artificial oocyte activation (AOA) is a method used for fertilization problems that commonly involve the usage of Ca2+ ionophores and is usually used in problems such as total fertilization failure (TFF) and globozoospermia...
April 5, 2018: Systems Biology in Reproductive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29613814/grape-seed-procyanidins-extract-attenuates-cisplatin-induced-oxidative-stress-and-testosterone-synthase-inhibition-in-rat-testes
#10
Minmin Tian, Fangfang Liu, Han Liu, Qiong Zhang, Lei Li, Xiangbo Hou, Jianxin Zhao, Sheng Li, Xuhong Chang, Yingbiao Sun
Cisplatin (CIS) is widely applied for its antihematological malignancies properties and as antisolid tumors drugs. However, it could cause testicular damage related with oxidative stress and testosterone synthesis disorder. Studies reported that grape seed procyanidins extract (GSPE) could improve CIS induced-testes lesion via scavenging free radicals in animals, although its mechanisms were unclear. Therefore, the purpose of the present study was to explore the antagonistic mechanisms of GSPE on CIS-induced testes lesion...
April 3, 2018: Systems Biology in Reproductive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29600727/clinical-and-neonatal-outcomes-of-intrauterine-insemination-with-frozen-donor-sperm
#11
Linjun Chen, Lihua Zhu, Changming Cai, Guijun Yan, Haixiang Sun
This retrospective study evaluated the association between frozen donor sperm used for intrauterine insemination and clinical and neonatal outcomes, including 304 singleton pregnancies resulting from artificial insemination by the husband (AIH) and 173 singleton pregnancies resulting from artificial insemination by a donor (AID). The clinical outcomes for AID showed no increased risk of abortion, ectopic pregnancy or pregnancy complications compared to those for AIH. There were no differences in gender, gestational age or prematurity of live births between the two groups...
March 30, 2018: Systems Biology in Reproductive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29595066/follicular-fluid-levels-of-anti-m%C3%A3-llerian-hormone-insulin-like-growth-factor-1-and-leptin-in-women-with-fertility-disorders
#12
Radek Kucera, Vaclav Babuska, Zdenka Ulcova-Gallova, Vlastimil Kulda, Ondrej Topolcan
Anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH), insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF1) and leptin are produced in the granulosa cells of follicles and play an important role in the growth and maturation of follicles. The aim of our study was to monitor AMH, IGF1 and leptin levels in a group of healthy women and compare them to a group of women with fertility disorders. The second aim was the evaluation of biomarker levels in relation to the identified cause of infertility. Totally, 146 females were enrolled into our study. Seventy-two healthy controls and seventy-four females with fertility disorders were divided into four subgroups: anovulation, endometriosis, fallopian tube damage, unknown reason...
March 29, 2018: Systems Biology in Reproductive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29583035/a-long-term-follow-up-study-of-men-born-with-very-low-birth-weight-and-their-reproductive-hormone-profile
#13
Mats Hammar, Erika Larsson, Marie Bladh, Orvar Finnström, P O Gäddlin, Ingemar Leijon, Elvar Theodorsson, Gunilla Sydsjö
Environmental factors during the fetal period may adversely affect reproductive functions in men being born with very low birth weight (VLBW, <1500 g). The objective of this prospective, controlled cohort study was to investigate if VLBW men have an altered reproductive hormone profile compared with men born at term. The study group initially consisted of all VLBW boys live-born between 1 February 1987 and 30 April 1988 in the south-east region of Sweden (n = 47). A control child was chosen born at term, at the same hospital, with the same parity, without malformations, and next in order after each VLBW child who survived the first four weeks (n = 45)...
March 27, 2018: Systems Biology in Reproductive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29577757/association-between-sperm-mitochondrial-nd2-gene-variants-and-total-fertilization-failure
#14
Jin-Lan Zhang, Gen-Hong Mao, Xiao-Hui Huang, Hong-Yang Chang, Yi Zheng, Xue Cao
The objective of this study was to explore the association of sperm mitochondrial ND2 (MT-ND2) gene variants with total fertilization failure (TFF). A retrospective comparative study of 246 cases of fresh in vitro fertilization (IVF) cycles or half-intracytoplasmic sperm injection cycles in the Han Chinese population was performed from July 2011 to May 2017. A total of 59 cases undergoing TFF, and 187 control cases with normal fertilization (fertilization rates >50%) were included. The sperm mitochondrial genovariation was determined using nested sequencing...
March 26, 2018: Systems Biology in Reproductive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29564925/luteal-phase-ovarian-stimulation-increases-the-number-of-mature-oocytes-in-older-women-with-severe-diminished-ovarian-reserve
#15
Justin Rashtian, John Zhang
In older women with severe diminished ovarian response (DOR), in vitro fertilization (IVF) treatment is much less successful due to the low number of mature oocytes collected. The objective of this study was to assess whether follicular-phase stimulation (FPS) and luteal-phase stimulation (LPS) in the same menstrual cycle (double ovarian stimulation) in older women with severe DOR will produce a higher number of oocytes compared to FPS alone. Women with DOR (n = 69; mean age = 42.4) who underwent double ovarian stimulation for IVF were included...
March 22, 2018: Systems Biology in Reproductive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29557179/busulfan-mediated-oxidative-stress-and-genotoxicity-decrease-in-sperm-of-satureja-khuzestanica-essential-oil-administered-mice
#16
Parva Nasimi, Mohammad Reza Tabandeh, Sayad Roohi
Here, we studied the protective effects of Satureja Khuzestanica essential oil (SKEO) as a potent anti-oxidant, against damage caused by chemotherapy with busulfan in testis and epididymal sperm of adult mice. The NMRI adult mice were assigned: G1: control, G2: was treated with busulfan (4 days, 3.2 mg/kg), G3: was treated with busulfan (4 days, 3.2 mg/kg) and SKEO (28 days, 225 mg/kg) at the same time, and G4: was pre-treated with SKEO (7 days, 225 mg/kg) and subsequently co-treated with busulfan (4 days, 3...
March 20, 2018: Systems Biology in Reproductive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29537884/current-status-of-sperm-functional-genomics-and-its-diagnostic-potential-of-fertility-in-bovine-bos-taurus
#17
Sellappan Selvaraju, Sivashanmugam Parthipan, Lakshminarayana Somashekar, B Krishnan Binsila, Atul P Kolte, Arunachalam Arangasamy, Janivara Parameshwaraiah Ravindra, Stephen A Krawetz
With artificial insemination (AI) and other precision dependent assisted reproductive technologies (ART) being followed in large scale in human and animal reproduction, assessing semen quality and fertilizability is under continuous scrutiny. Various tests have been developed to predict semen quality, but so far no single, highly reliable test is available. In this regard, transcriptomic profiling of spermatozoa assumes significance as it carries the information about spermatogenesis, sperm function, and paternal roles in post-fertilization events...
March 14, 2018: Systems Biology in Reproductive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29542357/treating-donor-cells-with-2-pcpa-corrects-aberrant-histone-h3k4-dimethylation-and-improves-cloned-goat-embryo-development
#18
Tingchao Mao, Chengquan Han, Ruizhi Deng, Biao Wei, Peng Meng, Yan Luo, Yong Zhang
Epigenetic modifications extensively occur in mammalian embryonic development and cell differentiation process. They play an essential role in the reprogramming of nuclei during somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT) and subsequent in vitro embryonic development. Recently, SCNT embryos have been verified to contain a subnormal level of histone H3K4 dimethylation (H3K4me2) in contrast to in vitro fertilized embryos. This finding suggested that increasing H3K4me2 levels may ameliorate the aberrant development of cloned embryos...
June 2018: Systems Biology in Reproductive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29509528/pre-screening-method-for-somatic-cell-contamination-in-human-sperm-epigenetic-studies
#19
Timothy G Jenkins, Lihua Liu, Kenneth I Aston, Douglas T Carrell
Sperm epigenetic profiles are frequently studied and are of great interest in many fields. One major technical concern when assessing these marks is the potential for somatic cell contamination. Because somatic cells have dramatically different epigenetic signatures, even small levels of contamination can result in significant problems in analysis and interpretation of data. In this study we evaluate an assay, which we designed to offer a reliable 'pre-screen' for somatic cell contamination that directly assesses the DNA being used in the study to determine tissue purity...
April 2018: Systems Biology in Reproductive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353513/effects-of-different-open-cryo-carriers-on-embryo-survival-and-clinical-outcome-in-frozen-embryo-transfer-cycle-patients
#20
Dapeng Chu, Lei Fu, Wenhui Zhou, Yuan Li
The purpose of this study was to compare the efficacy of different open cryo-carriers: the CryoloopTM, CryotopTM, and CryoleafTM, in embryo survival and clinical outcome in patients with frozen embryo transfer (FET) cycle. We analyzed the embryo survival rate and clinical outcome in 325 patients of 348 FET cycles vitrified with the CryoloopTM (160 cycles), CryotopTM (105 cycles), or CryoleafTM (83 cycles). No significant differences were observed in embryo survival rate (98.8% vs. 100% vs. 97.7%, p > 0...
April 2018: Systems Biology in Reproductive Medicine
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