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Leadership in Health Services

Madhav N Sinha
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2, 2018: Leadership in Health Services
Jan M Myszewski, Madhav N Sinha
Purpose Health care is an example of an organization where the needs of potential clients are much greater than the capabilities of the service delivery system. The implementation of any medical procedure, as well as the provision of any service, just like the manufacturing of any product, can be decomposed into a series of tasks. The purpose of this paper is to propose a model for measuring the effectiveness of quality assurance tasks in health-care delivery processes. Design/methodology/approach The authors analyze a system of factors that affect the implementation of tasks in a process...
July 2, 2018: Leadership in Health Services
Pernilla Ingelsson, Ingela Bäckström, Kristen Snyder
Purpose The purpose of this study is to present a comprehensive approach to studying organizational culture using "soft measures" to facilitate sustainable quality development in organizations. The purpose is also to present, discuss and compare the results from a survey designed to measure a company's value base. Design/methodology/approach A number of different methods were used to collect soft data to study and measure organizational culture and at the same time influence the culture and the leadership within three organizations...
July 2, 2018: Leadership in Health Services
Hossam Elamir
Purpose This paper aims to propose lean-based interventions that address the main causes of emergency department overcrowding. Emergency department overcrowding (EDOC) and increased length of stay (LOS) have been key global issues for more than 20 years, as they have serious repercussions. No measurements have been done to assess the situation nationally. Expanding emergency departments (EDs) and adding more beds have never succeeded in eliminating wastes and targeting the root causes of the problem. Design/methodology/approach This paper is a quantitative analytical applied research...
July 2, 2018: Leadership in Health Services
Pierre-Luc Fournier, Marie-Hélène Jobin
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to study the factors influencing doctors' involvement in Lean change initiatives in public healthcare organizations in Canada. Design/methodology/approach An inductive research was conducted over a three-year span studying Lean implementation across three healthcare organizations in Canada. Various interviews were conducted with healthcare actors. Through analytical induction, analysis of the data allowed for multiple factors to be triangulated from which a conceptual model was developed...
July 2, 2018: Leadership in Health Services
Anne W Snowdon, Deborah Tallarigo
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to examine the opportunity for supply chain processes and infrastructure to reduce the risk of medical error and create traceability of adverse events in community care settings. Patient safety has become an important area of focus over the past few decades, with medical error now accounting for the third most common cause of death in Canada and the USA. The majority of patient safety studies to date have focused specifically on safety in hospital settings; however, deaths and harm experienced by patients in the community (home care, long-term care, complex care and rehabilitation settings) are not well understood...
July 2, 2018: Leadership in Health Services
Luciana Teixeira Lot, Alice Sarantopoulos, Li Li Min, Simone Reges Perales, Ilka de Fatima Santana Ferreira Boin, Elaine Cristina de Ataide
Purpose This paper aims to address problems in patient flow and identify the reasons behind extensive wait time at a public liver transplant outpatient clinic in an education and research hospital through the use of Lean health-care theories. Design/methodology/approach This paper opted for the application of Lean thinking and action research strategy. Data were collected through personal observations, interviews with users and team brainstorming. A value stream map was developed, improvement possibilities were identified and non-value-added activities were attempted to be eliminated...
July 2, 2018: Leadership in Health Services
Graham Dickson, Karen Owen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 8, 2018: Leadership in Health Services
Scott Comber, Kyle Clayton Crawford, Lisette Wilson
Purpose Emerging evidence correlates increased physician leadership effectiveness with improved patient and healthcare system outcomes. To maximize this benefit, it is critical to understand current physician leadership needs. The purpose of this study is to understand, through physicians' self-reporting, their own and others' most effective and weakest leadership skills in relation to the LEADS leadership capabilities framework. Design/methodology/approach The authors surveyed 209 Canadian physician leaders about their perceptions of their own and other physicians' leadership abilities...
May 8, 2018: Leadership in Health Services
Suzanne Phillips, Alison Bullock
Purpose UK fellowship schemes have been set up to address low-level engagement of doctors with leadership roles. Established in 2013, the Welsh Clinical Leadership Fellowship (WCLF) programme aims to recruit aspiring future clinical leaders and equip them with knowledge and skills to lead improvements in healthcare delivery. This paper aims to evaluate the 12-month WCLF programme in its first two years of operation. Design/methodology/approach Focused on the participants ( n = 8), the authors explored expectations of the programme, reactions to academic components (provided by Academi Wales) and learning from workplace projects and other opportunities...
May 8, 2018: Leadership in Health Services
Tracy H Porter, James K Stoller, Scott J Allen
Purpose Since 1990, the Cleveland Clinic has trained physicians in team skills through various iterations of a program called Leading in Healthcare (LHC). In the present study, the authors utilize a case study approach to gain insight into the LHC curriculum, and more specifically, the team project. The purpose of this paper is to better understand the Cleveland Clinic's position on the issue and its approach to education - specifically among physicians. Design/methodology/approach The authors utilized a case study approach with four key program architects...
May 8, 2018: Leadership in Health Services
Jamiu Busari, Ming-Ka Chan, Deepak Dath, Anne Matlow, Diane de Camps Meschino
Purpose This paper aims to describe the evolution of Sanokondu, highlighting the rationale, achievements and lessons learnt from this initiative. Sanokondu is a multinational community of practice dedicated to fostering health-care leadership education worldwide. This platform for health-care leadership education was conceived in 2014 at the first Toronto International Summit on Leadership Education for Physicians (TISLEP) and evolved into a formal network of collaborators in 2016. Design/methodology/approach This paper is a case study of a multinational collaboration of health-care leaders, educators, learners and other stakeholders...
May 8, 2018: Leadership in Health Services
Lyn Kathryn Sonnenberg, Lesley Pritchard-Wiart, Jamiu Busari
Purpose The purpose of this study was to explore inter-professional clinicians' perspectives on resident leadership in the context of inter-professional teams and to identify a definition for leadership in the clinical context. In 2015, CanMEDS changed the title of one of the core competencies from manager to leader. The shift in language was perceived by some as returning to traditional hierarchical and physician-dominant structures. The resulting uncertainty has resulted in a call to action to not only determine what physician leadership is but to also determine how to teach and assess it...
May 8, 2018: Leadership in Health Services
Sandra Turner, Ming-Ka Chan, Judy McKimm, Graham Dickson, Timothy Shaw
Purpose Doctors play a central role in leading improvements to healthcare systems. Leadership knowledge and skills are not inherent, however, and need to be learned. General frameworks for medical leadership guide curriculum development in this area. Explicit discipline-linked competency sets and programmes provide context for learning and likely enhance specialty trainees' capability for leadership at all levels. The aim of this review was to summarise the scholarly literature available around medical specialty-specific competency-based curricula for leadership in the post-graduate training space...
May 8, 2018: Leadership in Health Services
Graham Dickson, John Van Aerde
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to provide a case study demonstrating that LEADS in a Caring Environment Capabilities Framework in Canada can assist physicians to be partners in leading health reform. Design/methodology/approach A descriptive case-based approach was followed, relying on existing documents, research papers and peer-reviewed articles, to substantiate the effect of LEADS on physician leadership in Canada. Findings The Canadian LEADS framework enables physicians to lead by providing them with access to best practices of leadership, acting as an antidote to fragmented leadership practice, setting standards for development and accountability and providing opportunities for efficient and effective system-wide leadership development and change...
May 8, 2018: Leadership in Health Services
Anurag Saxena, Maura Davies, Don Philippon
Purpose This study aims to explore the structural aspects (roles, responsibilities and reporting) of dyad leadership in one health-care organization (HCO). Design/methodology/approach The perceptions of 32 leaders (17 physician leaders and 15 dyad co-leaders) in formal leadership positions (six first-level with formal authority limited to teams or divisions, 23 middle-level with wider departmental or program responsibility and three senior-level with institution-wide authority) were obtained through focus groups and surveys...
May 8, 2018: Leadership in Health Services
Ailís Ní Riain, Claire Collins, Tony O'Sullivan
Purpose Carrying out minor surgery procedures in the primary care setting is popular with patients, cost effective and delivers at least as good outcomes as those performed in the hospital setting. This paper aims to describe the central role of clinical leadership in developing an accreditation system for general practitioners (GPs) undertaking community-based surgery in the Irish national setting where no mandatory accreditation process currently exists. Design/methodology/approach In all, 24 GPs were recruited to the GP network...
February 5, 2018: Leadership in Health Services
Hugo Paquin, Ilana Bank, Meredith Young, Lily H P Nguyen, Rachel Fisher, Peter Nugus
Purpose Complex clinical situations, involving multiple medical specialists, create potential for tension or lack of clarity over leadership roles and may result in miscommunication, errors and poor patient outcomes. Even though copresence has been shown to overcome some differences among team members, the coordination literature provides little guidance on the relationship between coordination and leadership in highly specialized health settings. The purpose of this paper is to determine how different specialties involved in critical medical situations perceive the role of a leader and its contribution to effective crisis management, to better define leadership and improve interdisciplinary leadership and education...
February 5, 2018: Leadership in Health Services
Stephen George Willcocks
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to explore the relevance of shared leadership to multi-disciplinary cancer care. It examines the policy background and applies concepts from shared leadership to this context. It includes discussion of the implications and recommendations. Design/methodology/approach This is a conceptual paper examining policy documents and secondary literature on the topic. While it focuses on the UK National Health Services, it is also relevant to other countries given they follow a broadly similar path with regard to multi-disciplinary working...
February 5, 2018: Leadership in Health Services
Karen Cziraki, Emily Read, Heather K Spence Laschinger, Carol Wong
Purpose This paper aims to test a model examining precursors and outcomes of nurses' leadership self-efficacy, and their aspirations to management positions. Design/methodology/approach A cross-sectional survey of 727 registered nurses across Canada was conducted. Structural equation modelling using Mplus was used to analyse the data. Findings Results supported the hypothesized model: χ2 (312) = 949.393; CFI = 0.927; TLI = 0.919; RMSEA = 0.053 (0.049-0.057); SRMR 0.044. Skill development opportunities ( ß = 0...
February 5, 2018: Leadership in Health Services
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