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Iranian Journal of Parasitology

Roghayeh Norouzi, Arman Manochehri, Saman Zarrin
Myiasis is an animal or human pathogenic condition initiated by parasitic dipterous fly larvae feeding in the host's necrotic or living tissue. Here we report a case of external ophthalmomyiasis caused by Lucilia sericata in a 78-yr-old with a vascular tumor of the retina and surgery history, from Bijar City of Kurdistan Province, Iran in 2015. Associated symptoms included right eye pain with mucoid ocular discharge, headache, sensing the presence of a foreign body in the eye and itching. Examination revealed a L...
July 2017: Iranian Journal of Parasitology
Yosra Kerkeni, Sondes Sahli, Manef Gasmi, Nada Sghairoun, Mourad Hamzaoui
Echinococcosis is a multisystem disease and has propensity to involve any organ, an unusual anatomical site, and can mimic any disease process. The hydatid cyst of the mesenteries known to occur secondary to hepatic involvement but occasional cases of his primitive form has also been reported. We report here one such case of primitive mesenteric hydatid cyst herniated through inguinal canal in a 5-yr-old boy, admitted to our Pediatric Surgery Department of Children's Hospital in Tunis, Tunisia in 2015.
July 2017: Iranian Journal of Parasitology
Nazanin Fallah, Khadijeh Rahmati, Mohammad Fallah
BACKGROUND: The reservoir and intermediate hosts of Echinococcus granulsus and human hydatidosis are more prevalent in the Alborz and Zagros Mountains slop due to rich pastures for sheep raising. Many cases of hydatid cysts operate in local hospitals annually. The present study aimed to review the epidemiologic characteristics of the hydatidosis patients. METHODS: In this descriptive study, the medical files of 182 hydatidosis patients from main public and private hospitals in Hamadan Province, western Iran from 2006 to 2013 were reviewed...
July 2017: Iranian Journal of Parasitology
Mona El-Sayad, Sahar Abu Helw, Hend El-Taweel, Mohammad Aziz
BACKGROUND: The development of new antischistosomal drug remains a pressing need and a vital challenge in front of many researchers through screening the natural or chemical substances for their potential activity as antischistosomal agents. METHODS: Five groups of Schistosoma mansoni-infected mice (n=10) were enrolled in this study, the G1 was infected non-treated control group. G2 was infected treated with praziquantel 500 mg/kg for 2 consecutive days. G3 was given mirazid 500 mg/kg for 5 days...
July 2017: Iranian Journal of Parasitology
Shabnam Jeibouei, Mojgan Bandehpour, Bahram Kazemi, Ali Haghighi
BACKGROUND: Leishmaniasis is a neglected disease affecting millions of people worldwide. The treatment of the disease is hampered due to high cost, toxicity and the crisis of drug resistance. Polytope approaches of genetic immunization could be a strategy for prevention of infectious diseases. Furthermore, the identification of Leishmania genome sequence and the application of bioinformatics assist us to devise an effective vaccine's candidate. METHODS: A linear sequence from predicted epitopes of GP63, LACK and CPC antigens was designed and was optimized using online available algorithms...
July 2017: Iranian Journal of Parasitology
In Young Oh, Kyung Tae Kim, Ho Joong Sung
BACKGROUND: Dirofilaria immitis, a filarial nematode, is the most important parasite-affecting dogs, causing cardiopulmonary dirofilariasis. Current diagnostic tools for detecting D. immitis include morphological assays, antigen detection, and X-ray. Herein, we developed a method for the molecular detection of D. immitis in blood using polymerase chain reaction (PCR). METHODS: The study was conducted at Eulji University, Republic of Korea in 2016. To detect D. immitis-specific gene regions, we aligned the cytochrome c oxidase subunit I (COI) genes of seven filarial nematodes and designed primers targeting the unique region...
July 2017: Iranian Journal of Parasitology
Tinashe Kureya, Augustine Ndaimani, Maxwell Mhlanga
BACKGROUND: Malaria outbreaks are common in Zimbabwe. They are common in Manicaland, which has the greatest burden of malaria in the country. METHODS: A matched case control study was conducted to investigate the malaria outbreak in ward 13 and 14 of Chipinge district in Manicaland Province in Zimbabwe, week 30 to week 40 of year 2015. A sample size of 92 (46 cases and 46 controls) was used. Guided interviews were conducted with the aid of a structured questionnaire and a checklist...
July 2017: Iranian Journal of Parasitology
Ahmad Z Al-Herrawy, Mahmoud A Gad
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to compare between slow and rapid sand filters for the removal of free-living amoebae during drinking water treatment production. METHODS: Overall, 48 water samples were collected from two drinking water treatment plants having two different filtration systems (slow and rapid sand filters) and from inlet and outlet of each plant. Water samples were collected from Fayoum Drinking Water and Wastewater Holding Company, Egypt, during the year 2015...
July 2017: Iranian Journal of Parasitology
Morteza Hosseininejad, Mohammadreza Mahzounieh, Naser Shams Esfandabadi
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to reveal the serological prevalence of Neospora caninum in large dairy farms in Isfahan Province, central Iran. METHODS: Serum samples were collected from 1500 cattle living in four large dairy farms in Isfahan Province, Iran during 2014-2015 and examined for anti N. caninum IgG antibodies. Overall, 113 serum samples were also collected from the dogs living in these areas; suspecting to be risk factors for this infection. All the serum samples were investigated to find IgG antibodies by using ELISA...
July 2017: Iranian Journal of Parasitology
Reza Rezaei, Khosrow Hazrati Tappeh, Shahram Seyyedi, Peyman Mikaili
BACKGROUND: Leishmaniasis is a parasitic disease that appears with a range of symptoms including cutaneous, mucocutaneous, and visceral leishmaniasis. The present study sought to determine the antileishmanial effect of the extract of Artemisia dracunculus (Tarragon) compared to control treatment with pentavalent antimony (meglumine). METHODS: This experimental study was performed in 2014-2015. A. dracunculus were collected from West Azerbaijan Province, Iran and dried; then the ethanolic extract of the plant was prepared...
July 2017: Iranian Journal of Parasitology
Peyman Heydarian, Keyhan Ashrafi, Mehdi Mohebali, Eshrat Beigom Kia, Mojgan Aryaeipour, Ali Chegeni Sharafi, Hamid Mokhayeri, Arezoo Bozorgomid, Mohammad Bagher Rokni
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was the seroepidemiological survey for detecting the status of human fasciolosis in Lorestan Province, western Iran. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted in 2015-16. Based on statistical estimations, 1256 serum samples were collected from different parts of Lorestan Province, western Iran, and stored at -20 °C until use. The collected serum samples were analyzed at Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran using indirect ELISA method...
July 2017: Iranian Journal of Parasitology
Mehdi Mohebali, Zabiholah Zarei, Khadijeh Khanaliha, Eshrat Beigom Kia, Afsaneh Motavalli-Haghi, Jaber Davoodi, Tahereh Rezaeian, Fathemeh Tarighi, Mostafa Rezaeian
BACKGROUND: Majority of parasitic infections in rodents have zoonotic importance. This study aimed to determine the frequency and intensity of intestinal protozoa infections of rodents including Meriones persicus, Mus musculus and, Cricetulus migratorius. METHODS: This survey was conducted in Meshkin Shahr district in northwestern Iran from Mar. to Dec. of 2014. Intestinal samples of 204 rodents including M. persicus (n=117), M. musculus (n=63) and C. migratorius (n=24) were parasitologically examined...
July 2017: Iranian Journal of Parasitology
Meysam Sharifdini, Laleh Ghanbarzadeh, Nasrolla Kouhestani-Maklavani, Hamed Mirjalali, Mehrzad Saraei
BACKGROUND: Hookworm infection is one of the important Neglected Tropical Diseases (NTD) in the world. It was previously more prevalent in the northern and southern parts of Iran with a prevalence rate higher than 40% in some endemic regions; nevertheless, the infection rate has decreased to less than 1%. This study aimed to determine prevalence and molecular aspects of hookworm infections in rural inhabitants of Fouman County, Guilan Province, northern Iran. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was performed in 31 villages of Fouman district in Guilan Province, northern Iran during 2015-2016...
July 2017: Iranian Journal of Parasitology
Nasrin Hemmati, Elham Razmjou, Saeideh Hashemi-Hafshejani, Abbas Motevalian, Lameh Akhlaghi, Ahmad Reza Meamar
BACKGROUND: Intestinal parasitic infections are among the most common infections and health problems worldwide. Due to the lack of epidemiologic information of such infections, the prevalence of, and the risk factors for, enteric parasites were investigated in residents of Roudehen, Tehran Province, Iran. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, 561 triple fecal samples were collected through a two-stage cluster-sampling protocol from Jun to Dec 2014. The samples were examined by formalin-ether concentration, culture, and with molecular methods...
July 2017: Iranian Journal of Parasitology
Esmaeil Fallah, Zahra Jafarpour, Mahmoud Mahami-Oskouei, Ali Haghighi, Maryam Niyyati, Adel Spotin, Aram Khezri
BACKGROUND: Acanthamoeba is an opportunistic amphizoic protozoan found in different fresh water sources. The aim of this study was to identify and characterize Acanthamoeba isolates from surface resting waters, in Northwest Iran. METHODS: Samples were collected from twenty-two different areas, between May and Sep 2014. After filtration, samples were cultivated on non-nutrient agar. The extracted DNAs were amplified and sequenced using partial 18S rRNA in order to genotype and phylogenetic analyses...
July 2017: Iranian Journal of Parasitology
Nick Angelo P Velante, Rey B Oronan, Marco F Reyes, Billy P Divina
BACKGROUND: This study was conducted to determine the prevalence of Giardia duodenalis in captive animals in a wildlife facility. This is the first study conducted in these animals from the facility. METHODS: Eight captive tigers (Panthera tigris), two Palawan bearcats (Arctictis binturong whitei) and one Asian Palm Civet (Paradoxurus hermaphroditus) currently housed at a wildlife facility in Manila, Philippines were considered in 2012. These animals were apparently healthy with no signs of disease during the study...
July 2017: Iranian Journal of Parasitology
Hossein Mahmoudvand, Farnaz Kheirandish, Seyed Reza Mirbadie, Mohammad Hassan Kayedi, Tahereh Rezaei Riabi, Abbas Ali Ghasemi, Mehdi Bamorovat, Iraj Sharifi
BACKGROUND: The present study aimed to evaluate the effect of methotrexate (MTX) alone and in combination with meglumine antimoniate (MA, Glucantime) against sensitive and MA-resistant Leishmania tropica stages in vitro. METHODS: The present study was carried out in 2014 in Leishmaniasis Research Center at School of Medicine, Kerman University of Medical sciences, Kerman, Iran. The effects of MTX alone and along with MA on promastigote and amastigote stages of sensitive (SS) and MA-resistant (RS) L...
July 2017: Iranian Journal of Parasitology
Yu Zhao, Donghui Zhou, Jia Chen, Xiaolin Sun
BACKGROUND: Toxoplasma gondii, as a eukaryotic parasite of the phylum Apicomplexa, can infect almost all the warm-blooded animals and humans, causing toxoplasmosis. Rhoptry neck proteins (RONs) play a key role in the invasion process of T. gondii and are potential vaccine candidate molecules against toxoplasmosis. METHODS: The present study examined sequence variation in the rhoptry neck protein 10 (TgRON10) gene among 10 T. gondii isolates from different hosts and geographical locations from Lanzhou province during 2014, and compared with the corresponding sequences of strains ME49 and VEG obtained from the ToxoDB database, using polymerase chain reaction (PCR) amplification, sequence analysis, and phylogenetic reconstruction by Bayesian inference (BI) and maximum parsimony (MP)...
July 2017: Iranian Journal of Parasitology
Mohammad Ebrahimipour, Seyed Mahmoud Sadjjadi, Hossein Yousofi Darani, Mohsen Najjari
BACKGROUND: Cystic echinococcosis (CE) is one of the most important zoonotic diseases; caused by different genotypes of Echinococcus spp. Camels have an important role in transmission cycle of E. granulosus especially, in desert areas. This study aimed to investigate molecular characterization of hydatid cysts isolates from one-humped camel (Camelus dromedarius) and to show its molecular and phylogenic status in this important CE host in the central part of Iran. METHODS: Twenty hydatid cyst samples (14 fertile and 6 calcified) were collected from 56 slaughtered camels in Central part of Iran...
July 2017: Iranian Journal of Parasitology
Elham Moghaddas, Ali Khamesipour, Mehdi Mohebali, Abdolmajid Fata
BACKGROUND: Chemotherapy still relies on the use of pentavalent antimonials, amphotericin B, paromomycin, miltefosin, and allopurinol. In this study, we explained about the native plant that grows in different regions of Iran and used as anti-leishmanial in Iran and even many other countries. METHODS: This narrative review covers all information about local herbal medicine in Iran that used in treatment of cutaneous leishmaniasis in all the worlds, published in local and international journals from 1996 to 2015 using various databases including PubMed, SID, Google Scholar, Scopus, and Science Direct...
July 2017: Iranian Journal of Parasitology
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