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Iranian Journal of Parasitology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127373/the-mandibular-angle-hydatid-cyst-mimicking-branchial-cleft-cyst-a-case-report
#1
Masoud Soosaraei, Shahriar Alizadeh, Mahdi Fakhar, Elham Sadat Banimostafavi
We report an unusual case of primary hydatid cyst of the mandibular angle without glands involvement, in the left supraclavicular region of the neck with no involvement of any other regions of the body. In July 2012, a 25-yr old woman, from Golestan Province, Northeast Iran was admitted to our ENT Clinic, with one-year history of a progressively increasing swelling, pain and gradually growing mass located in the left side of neck region. The patient was diagnosed by Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology (FANC) and histopathology examination...
October 2016: Iranian Journal of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127372/clinical-and-molecular-evaluation-of-a-case-of-giant-primary-splenic-hydatid-cyst-a-case-report
#2
Bahador Sarkari, Asieh Fatemie Sfedan, Abdolali Moshfe, Samaneh Abdolahi Khabisi, Amir Savardashtaki, Farshad Hosseini, Ardavan Shahbazi
Spleen is an unusual location for hydatid cyst. Here we report a case of primary splenic hydatid cyst in a 41-yr-old Iranian woman from Yasuj, southwest of Iran. The patient had been admitted to Shahid Beheshti Hospital because of abdominal pain. Abdominal sonography revealed a hypoechoic lesion of 150 X 130 mm in the spleen, suggestive of hydatid cyst. Splenectomy was performed for the patient and surgical interventions revealed a hydatid cyst occupying most of splenic parenchyma. She was discharged on the 5 day of her operation...
October 2016: Iranian Journal of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127371/prevalence-of-trichomoniasis-among-18-48-year-old-women-in-northwest-of-iran
#3
Mohammad Taghi Ahady, Nastaran Safavi, Alireza Jafari, Zahra Mohammadi, Solmaz Abed, Sahar Pourasgar
BACKGROUND: The aims of this study were to examine the prevalence of trichomoniasis among women aged 18 to 48 yr in Ardabil, northwestern Iran and the relationship between demographic factors and the risk of infection. METHODS: Vaginal discharge samples of 914 women aged 18 to 48 yr, referred to Gynecology Clinic of Sabalan Hospital of Ardabil, Iran in 2014, were collected and Trichomonas vaginalis infection was examined using wet mount and Dorset culture medium...
October 2016: Iranian Journal of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127370/surgical-management-of-liver-hydatid-cyst-related-non-traumatic-emergencies-single-center-experience
#4
Tolga Dinc, Selami Ilgaz Kayilioglu, Okan Murat Akturk, Faruk Coskun
BACKGROUND: Vast majority of complaints and physical examination findings of hydatid disease are common in emergency room patients. Different emergency presentations of hydatid cyst disease and their treatment are evaluated. We studied preoperative laboratory findings of these patients to identify any parameters to predict hydatid cyst-biliary system communication. METHODS: We reviewed the files of patients who underwent emergency surgery due to liver hydatid cysts and related conditions between March 2010 and March 2014 in Ankara Numune Research and Training Hospital, Turkey, retrospectively...
October 2016: Iranian Journal of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127369/molecular-identification-of-hemoprotozoan-parasites-in-camels-camelus-dromedarius-of-iran
#5
Alireza Sazmand, Barbara Eigner, Mohammad Mirzaei, Seyed Hossein Hekmatimoghaddam, Josef Harl, Georg Gerhard Duscher, Hans-Peter Fuehrer, Anja Joachim
BACKGROUND: Although camels represent a valuable source of food, wool and hide in many countries, in-depth information about their vector-borne pathogens is scarce compared to other animals. The aim of the current study was to characterize vector-borne protozoa in the blood of dromedaries from Iran by molecular tools. METHODS: From June to July 2014, 200 peripheral blood samples were collected from asymptomatic one-humped camels in two provinces of Kerman and Sistan- va-Baloochestan in central and southeastern Iran...
October 2016: Iranian Journal of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127368/performance-and-parasitology-of-semi-intensively-managed-west-african-dwarf-sheep-exposed-to-gastrointestinal-helminth-infected-paddocks-and-varied-protein-energy-feeds
#6
Adekayode Olarinwaju Sonibare, Olusiji Sunday Sowande, Shamusideen Oladeinde Iposu, Joshua Luka, Michael Ayankosoi, Adeniyi Olugbega Egbetade
BACKGROUND: The performance and parasitology of semi-intensively managed West African dwarf (WAD) lambs were evaluated following exposure to gastrointestinal helminth infected paddock and varied protein-energy feeds. METHODS: Twenty four lambs obtained from the Department of Animal Breeding and Genetics and brought to Directorate of University farm (DUFARM) of Federal University of Agriculture Abeokuta, Ogun state, Nigeria, where the research was carried out in 2014, were grouped into four each containing six animals based on different energy-protein feed combination thus; group 1(G1) low energy low protein, group 2 (G2) low energy high protein, group 3 (G3) high energy low protein and group 4 (G4) high energy high protein...
October 2016: Iranian Journal of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127367/intestinal-parasitic-infections-and-nutritional-status-among-primary-school-children-in-delo-mena-district-south-eastern-ethiopia
#7
Begna Tulu, Solomon Taye, Yohannes Zenebe, Eden Amsalu
BACKGROUND: Although there are efforts being underway to control and prevent intestinal parasitic infections (IPIs) in Ethiopia, they are still endemic and responsible for significant morbidity. The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of IPIs and their association with nutritional status among primary school children of Delo-Mena district, South Eastern Ethiopia. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted from April to May 2013. Demographic data was obtained, and IPIs was investigated in a single-stool sample by both direct stool examination and formol-ether concentration techniques...
October 2016: Iranian Journal of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127366/antigenic-cross-reactivity-among-haemonchus-contortus-oesophagostomum-columbianum-and-trichuris-ovis-of-goat
#8
Ruma Jas, Joydeb Ghosh, Kinsuk DAS
BACKGROUND: Cross antigenicity is the major problem in developing a reliable tool for immunodiagnosis and immunoprophylaxis of parasitic diseases. Mixed infection due to different types of gastrointestinal parasites is more common than single species infection under field condition. METHODS: The present study was undertaken to detect antigenic cross-reactivity among Haemonchus contortus, Oesophagostomum columbianum and Trichuris ovis of goats by SDS-PAGE and western blot analysis using hyperimmune sera (HIS) rose in rabbit separately against the antigens of the three nematode species...
October 2016: Iranian Journal of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127365/expression-of-pro-inflammatory-genes-in-lesions-and-neutrophils-during-leishmania-major-infection-in-balb-c-mice
#9
Soheyla Akhzari, Hossein Rezvan, Masoud Zolhavarieh
BACKGROUND: Leishmaniasis is a worldwide disease prevalent in tropical and sub-tropical countries in the world. Characterization of inflammatory responses produced in cutaneous leishmaniasis has not yet been completed. METHODS: The specific primers were designed for ten pro-inflammatory genes including CCL4, CCL3, TNF-α, IL-1α, IL-12P35, IL-12P40, CCL5, CCR5, IL-1β and IFN- γ and their expression were assessed and compared using RT-PCR in the lesion and peripheral blood neutrophils in Leishmania infected BALB/c mice...
October 2016: Iranian Journal of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127364/prevalence-of-strongyloides-stercoralis-and-other-intestinal-parasites-among-institutionalized-mentally-disabled-individuals-in-rasht-northern-iran
#10
Amin Saeidinia, Ilnaz Tavakoli, Mohammad Reza Naghipour, Behnaz Rahmati, Hossein Ghavami Lahiji, Omid Salkhori, Keyhan Ashrafi
BACKGROUND: We aimed to determine the status of strongyloidiasis in mentally disabled population in the institutional places in Rasht City, the capital of Guilan Province, northern Iran. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted in 8 institutions for mentally retarded population in Rasht in 2013. Before collecting the samples, a questionnaire was filled out for each participant by an expert person. A single stool sample was obtained from each of the 173 subjects and examined using direct wet mount, formalin-ether concentration technique and agar plate culture method...
October 2016: Iranian Journal of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127363/anti-inflammatory-potentials-of-excretory-secretory-es-and-somatic-products-of-marshallagia-marshalli-on-allergic-airway-inflammation-in-balb-c-mice
#11
Sima Parande Shirvan, Hassan Borji, Ahmadreza Movassaghi, Mohammadreza Khakzad, Hamidreza Farzin, Mohsen Maleki, Alireza Haghparast
BACKGROUND: Inverse relationship between helminths infection and immune-mediated diseases has inspired researchers to investigate therapeutic potential of helminths in allergic asthma. Helminth unique ability to induce immunoregulatory responses has already been documented in several experimental studies. This study was designed to investigate whether excretory/secretory (ES) and somatic products of Marshallagia marshalli modulate the development of ovalbumin-induced airway inflammation in a mouse model...
October 2016: Iranian Journal of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127362/molecular-characterization-of-trichomonas-vaginalis-strains-based-on-identifying-their-probable-variations-in-asymptomatic-patients
#12
Adel Spotin, Sanaz Taghizadeh Eghtedar, Abbas Shahbazi, Asghar Salehpour, Seddigheh Sarafraz, Seyyed Ali Shariatzadeh, Mahmoud Mahami-Oskouei
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to identify the Trichomonas vaginalis strains/haplotypes based on identifying their probable variations in asymptomatic patients referred to Tabriz health centers, northwestern Iran. METHODS: Sampling was taken from 50-suspected women to T. vaginalis in northwestern Iran. The obtained samples were smeared and cultured. Fifty DNA samples were extracted, amplified and identified by nested polymerase chain reaction and PCR-RFLP of actin gene using two endonuclease enzymes: MseI and RsaI...
October 2016: Iranian Journal of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127361/microscopic-and-molecular-detection-of-cryptosporidium-andersoni-and-cryptosporidium-xiaoi-in-wastewater-samples-of-tehran-province-iran
#13
Kareem Hatam-Nahavandi, Mehdi Mohebali, Amir-Hossein Mahvi, Hossein Keshavarz, Hamid-Reza Najafian, Hamed Mirjalali, Sasan Rezaei, Mostafa Rezaeian
BACKGROUND: As a waterborne pathogen, Cryptosporidium is one of the most common causes of gastroenteritis in human and hoofed livestock animals. This study aimed to investigate the distribution of Cryptosporidium spp. in human and livestock wastewaters in Iran, by the 18S rRNA sequence analysis. METHODS: A total of 54 raw wastewater samples collected from three urban treatment plants and two slaughterhouses during 2014-2015 in Tehran, Iran. The presence of the Cryptosporidium oocysts was assessed by immunofluorescence with monoclonal antibodies...
October 2016: Iranian Journal of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127360/species-identification-and-molecular-typing-of-leishmania-spp-using-targeting-hsp70-gene-in-suspected-patients-of-cutaneous-leishmaniasis-from-sistan-and-baluchestan-province-southeast-iran
#14
Hadi Mirahmadi, Alireza Salimi Khorashad, Alireza Sohrabnahad, Peyman Heydarian, Negar Bizhani
BACKGROUND: Leishmaniasis is a sand fly-borne disease caused by the protozoan parasites belonging to the genus Leishmania. Because of the preventing and controlling methods, clinical course, prognosis and choice of treatment are differing from species; differentiation of species is critical. The present study was aimed to detect the parasite species using the PCR-RFLP method. METHODS: A total of 130 Giemsa-Stained slides from suspected Cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) patients were examined under a light microscope at ×1000...
October 2016: Iranian Journal of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127359/modulation-of-the-immune-response-to-dna-vaccine-encoding-gene-of-8-kda-subunit-of-echinococcus-granulosus-antigen-b-using-murine-interleukin-12-plasmid-in-balb-c-mice
#15
Hakim Azizi, Bahram Kazemi, Mojgan Bandehpour, Mehdi Mohebali, Ali Khamesipour, Mojgan Aryaeipour, Hajar Yaghoobi, Mohammad Bagher Rokni
BACKGROUND: The current study was designed to evaluate immune responses induced by DNA vaccines encoding 8-kDa subunit of antigen B (HydI) of Echinococcus granulosus and murine interleukin 12 (IL-12) as genetic adjuvants in BALB/c mice. METHODS: Expression plasmid pcDNA3.1 containing HydI (pcHyd1) as vaccine along with the murine interleukin 12 (pcMIL12) as adjuvant were used. Thirty-five mice in the five experimental groups received PBS, empty pcDNA3.1, pcHydІ, pcMIL-12, and pcHydІ+ pcMIL-12 in days zero, 14(th) and 28(th)...
October 2016: Iranian Journal of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127358/rodenticide-comparative-effect-of-klerat%C3%A2-and-zinc-phosphide-for-controlling-zoonotic-cutaneous-leishmaniasis-in-central-iran
#16
Arshad Veysi, Hassan Vatandoost, Mohammad Reza Yaghoobi-Ershadi, Reza Jafari, Mohammad Hossein Arandian, Mostafa Hosseini, Reza Fadaei, Javad Ramazanpour, Kamal Heidari, Ali Sadjadi, Mohammad Reza Shirzadi, Amir Ahmad Akhavan
BACKGROUND: Zoonotic cutaneous leishmaniasis (ZCL) is a neglected disease with public health importance that is common in many rural areas of Iran. In recent years, behavioral resistance and/or bait shyness against the common rodenticide among reservoir hosts of ZCL have been reported. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of Klerat® and zinc phosphide against natural reservoir of ZCL. METHODS: This survey was carried out in four villages located 45 to 95 km far from Esfahan City Esfahan province, central Iran from April to November 2011...
October 2016: Iranian Journal of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127357/simplified-pan-species-real-time-pcr-based-detection-of-plasmodium-spp-in-blood-smear
#17
Gholamreza Hassanpour, Hossein Mirhendi, Mehdi Mohebali, Ahmad Raeisi, Hojjat Zeraati, Hossein Keshavarz
BACKGROUND: We aimed to quicken and simplify the detection of Plasmodium in blood samples by developing and testing a pan-Plasmodium real-time PCR for accurate screening of individuals suspected of malaria. METHODS: A single primer/probe set for pan-species Plasmodium-specific real time PCR targeting a conserved region of the small subunit 18S ribosomal DNA was designed and evaluated for rapid diagnosis and screening of malaria infections using dried blood smears...
October 2016: Iranian Journal of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127356/designing-and-cloning-molecular-constructs-to-knock-out-n-acetylglucosamine-phosphatidylinositol-de-n-acetylase-gpi12-gene-in-leishmania-major-mrho-ir-75-er
#18
Pooya Ghasemi Nejad Almani, Iraj Sharifi, Bahram Kazemi, Zahra Babaei, Mojgan Bandehpour, Samira Salari, Ebrahim Saedi Dezaki
BACKGROUND: Leishmaniasis represents a major public health concern in tropical and sub-tropical countries. At present, there is no efficacious vaccine against the disease and new control methods are needed. One way to access this important goal is to knock out genes of specific macromolecules to evaluate the effect of deletion on the growth, multiplication, pathogenesis and immunity of the parasite. The aim of this study was to design and clone molecular constructs to knock out N-acetylglucosamine phosphatidylinositol de-N-acetylase (GPI12) gene in Leishmania major...
October 2016: Iranian Journal of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127355/evaluating-effect-of-albendazole-on-trichuris-trichiura-infection-a-systematic-review-article
#19
REVIEW
Toraj Ahmadi Jouybari, Khadije Najaf Ghobadi, Bahare Lotfi, Hamid Alavi Majd, Nayeb Ali Ahmadi, Mohammad Rostami-Nejad, Abbas Aghaei
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was assessment of defaults and conducted meta-analysis of the efficacy of single-dose oral albendazole against T. trichiura infection. METHODS: We searched PubMed, ISI Web of Science, Science Direct, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, and WHO library databases between 1983 and 2014. Data from 13 clinical trial articles were used. Each article was included the effect of single oral dose (400 mg) albendazole and placebo in treating two groups of patients with T...
October 2016: Iranian Journal of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127354/dna-amplification-techniques-for-the-detection-of-toxoplasma-gondii-tissue-cysts-in-meat-producing-animals-a-narrative-review-article
#20
REVIEW
Farooq Riaz, Imran Rashid, Haroon Akbar, Wasim Shehzad, Saher Islam, Amna Arshad Bajwa, Khalid Saeed, Kamran Ashraf
BACKGROUND: Toxoplasma gondii is an intracellular parasite, which infects one-third population of world. Humans and animals acquire infection by ingesting oocytes from feces of cats or by meat of other animals having cysts that may lead to congenital, ocular or cephalic toxoplasmosis. Either it is important to detect T. gondii from meat of food animals from retail shops or directly at slaughterhouses, which is meant for export. METHODS: The current research was done without time limitation using such terms as follows: "Toxoplasma gondii", "Meat", "Tissue cyst", "PCR", "LAMP", "Screening" and "Immunological assay" alone or in combination, in English language...
October 2016: Iranian Journal of Parasitology
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