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Iranian Journal of Parasitology

Erdem Karadeniz, Mesut Yur, Müfide Nuran Akçay, Sabri Selçuk Atamanalp
Axillary region is one of the areas where primary hydatid cyst is rare. In this study, we present a case of isolated axillary hydatid cyst in a 40 year-old female patient having applied to our polyclinic with swelling and pain on right axillary. During the breast examination of the patient on right axillary, well-circumscribed semi-mobile mass lesion was detected. On mammary ultrasonography, both breasts were natural. There was necrotic lymphadenopathy on right axillary that was roughly 10×10 cm sized, and locally included cystic patency...
April 2018: Iranian Journal of Parasitology
Yunsheng Zhao, Xia Wu, Fei Liao
A rare severe case of the coinfection of cerebral falciparum malaria and dengue is reported in this paper. The patient was a 50 yr old male in the north of China, who returned from Uganda not long ago and suffered unconsciousness after fever for 4 d before the falciparum malaria and dengue infection was diagnosed via blood smear microscopy, RT-PCR and serology, although the antimalarial and symptomatic treatment was carried out, ultimately the patients died of septic shock because of multiple organ dysfunctions...
April 2018: Iranian Journal of Parasitology
Eissa Soleymani, Farhang Babamahmoodi, Lotfollah Davoodi, Amirkeivan Marofi, Peyman Nooshirvanpour
Toxoplasmic encephalitis is a common presentation of Toxoplasma gondii infection of the central nervous system in the late stage in AIDS patients. A 40 yr old female patient was admitted to Razi Hospital of Qaemshahr City in north of Iran, in Nov 2015, with complaint of headache, blurring of vision, dysarthria and acute left-side hemiplegia and right-side ptosis. Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) was performed with intravenous contrast that showed a ring enhancement lesion in the right basal ganglia showing toxoplasmic encephalitis...
April 2018: Iranian Journal of Parasitology
Parisa Islami Parkoohi, Marjan Jahani, Fatemeh Hosseinzadeh, Shokufeh Taghian, Forugh Rostami, Abdollah Mousavi, Mohammad Sadegh Rezai
Background: Human hydatid disease imposes significant impacts on public health by producing substantial morbidity and mortality in involved communities. This study aimed to evaluate the epidemiology and clinical features of hydatid cyst in northern Iran as a breeding center for the infection. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, the hospital records of all hydatidosis-affected patients admitted in three teaching hospitals of Mazandaran Province between Mar 2005-2015 were reviewed...
April 2018: Iranian Journal of Parasitology
Özcan Özkan, Mehmet Eray Alcigir
Background: Encephalitozoon cuniculi is an opportunistic microsporidian parasite that can affect a number of different species of mammalian animals and humans. The parasite can pose also threat for rabbits even though it causes several sporadic and asymptomatic infections. Infection of eyes is common and clinical symptom of ocular infection may include uveitis and cataracts. We found out subacute findings in naturally infected animals and show here a first described eye lesions as well as central nervous system and kidneys in Turkey...
April 2018: Iranian Journal of Parasitology
Zahra Marhaba, Ali Haniloo
Background: Although carmine, as a synthetic dye, is the major substance for staining helminths, it may impose some adverse effects on human health. In the present study, we evaluated the aqueous extracts of onion ( Allium cepa ) skin, walnut ( Juglans regia ) husk, and madder ( Rubia tinctorum ) roots as potential herbal dyes for staining parasitic helminths. Methods: Aqueous solutions (5%, 10% and 20%, w/v ) of each herbal prepared from dried and powdered husk of walnut, skins of red onion, and madder roots in distilled water...
April 2018: Iranian Journal of Parasitology
Mehdi Kalat-Meimari, Jebreil Shamseddin, Abdoreza Salahi-Moghaddam
Background: "Cerithidea cingulata" is reported from south of Iran, may act as intermediate host of Heterophyes heterophyes and cercaria dermatitis. As parasitological aspects of this brackish snail were not studied in Iran, this study was conducted in 2016, in Hormoz Strait, south of Iran. Methods: Totally 402 snails were collected from 36 locations of three main regions in Hormozgan Province, Iran in 2015. In each location, one square meter was checked, and snails were collected for parasitological study...
April 2018: Iranian Journal of Parasitology
Nona Moradpour, Hassan Borji, Jamshid Darvish, Ali Moshaverinia, Ahmad Mahmoudi
Background: Climate condition is expected to have significant in rodents' diversity and in the seasonal pattern of diseases carried by different rodents. In an effort to aid in the study of the biodiversity of parasites of rodents in different climate zoon we examined climate patterns in the parasite assemblages of different rodents from Mar 2015 to Feb 2016. Methods: Of 253 captured rodents in three climate zone of Iran, thirteen species of rodents were recognized...
April 2018: Iranian Journal of Parasitology
Leila Nourani, Mansour Aliabadian, Navid Dinparast Djadid, Omid Mirshamsi
Background: Avian haemosporidians are able to parasitize numerous bird species all over the world. The extensive range of blood parasites infection rate is between 50% and 100% or less percentage. Haemoparasites with major effects on physiology, ecology, health, population dynamics, sexual selection and production success of avian hosts may promote species extinction. Methods: To evaluate haemosporidians infection rate in Iranian birds, 136 individuals were examined by microscopic observation of stained blood smears under light microscope...
April 2018: Iranian Journal of Parasitology
Natthawut Kaewpitoon, Soraya Kaewpitoon, Thirayu Meererksom, Siwawich Chan-Aran, Wararat Sangwalee, Jun Norkaew, Jirayu Chuatanam, Jirawoot Kujapan, Natnapa Padchasuwan, Taweesak Tongtawee, Likit Matrakool, Ryan Loyd, Parichart Wakkhuwatthapong
Background: Opisthorchis viverrini is a serious health problem in Southeast Asia. The infection is associated with cholangiocarcinoma. Therefore, this study was aimed to detect O. viverrini infections among the ASEAN population in Thailand. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 249 individuals from ASEAN populations in Thailand including Thai, Laotian, Cambodian, and Myanmar. Participants were screened using the O. viverrini verbal screening test (OvVST)...
April 2018: Iranian Journal of Parasitology
Afsaneh Amouei, Hefzallah Jahandar, Ahmad Daryani, Mehdi Sharif, Shahabeddin Sarvi, Azadeh Mizani, Seyed Abdollah Hosseini, Mohammad Sarafrazi, Abolghasem Siyadatpanah, Shaban Gohardieh, Reza Bastani, Shirzad Gholami
Background: Intestinal parasites are the most common causes of gastrointestinal disease in canine. Stray dogs and wild candies can represent potential reservoirs of enteropathogens to other hosts. Therefore, present study determined the prevalence of intestinal parasites in canine in Mazandaran Province, northern, Iran. Methods: Overall, 58 small intestinal samples of animals (42 stray dogs and 16 jackals) were collected from Oct 2012 to Dec 2013. The intestine contents were studied to detect and identify helminth infections...
April 2018: Iranian Journal of Parasitology
Mustafa Yaman
Background: Chrysomela (=Melasoma) populi is one of the most serious pests on poplar plantations. In the present study, a microsporidian pathogen, Nosema melasomae infecting Crysomela populi is re-recorded from a new geographical locality and its spore ultrastructure is given for the first time. Methods: Larvae and adults of C. populi were dissected in Ringer's solution and prepared wet smears were examined under a microscope. Detected fresh and stained spores were measured and photographed using an Olympus BX51 microscope with a DP-25 digital camera and a DP2-BSW Soft Imaging System...
April 2018: Iranian Journal of Parasitology
Lijun Jia, Huanping Guo, Mingming Liu, Yang Gao, Lei Zhang, Hang Li, Suzhu Xie, Ningning Zhang
Background: We aimed to construct an adenovirus expressing a cross-reactive fragment of the apical membrane antigen 1 (AMA1) antigen and evaluated the concomitant immune response in BABL/c mice, allowing protection against N. caninum and T. gondii infection. Methods: The study was conducted in Agricultural College of Yanbian University, Yanji, Jilin, China In 2015-2016. Primers were designed using the AMA1 gene sequences of N. caninum (AB265823.1) and T. gondii (AF010264...
April 2018: Iranian Journal of Parasitology
Melek Chaouch, Moez Mhadhbi, Sassi Limam, Mohamed Aziz Darghouth, Souha Benabderrazak
Background: Theileria annulata is an economically important cattle disease in North Africa that occurs in subtropical and tropical areas. Accurate and rapid, molecular diagnosis of tropical theileriosis is an important issue that allows early treatment and, prevents transmission. We developed and validated a Theileria annulata specific LAMP assay targeting the cytochrome b multicopy gene, in order to increase the DNA detection sensitivity. Methods: The methodology was used to evaluate the occurrences of T...
April 2018: Iranian Journal of Parasitology
Khalid Hajissa, Robaiza Zakaria, Rapeah Suppian, Zeehaida Mohamed
Background: Toxoplasma gondii is a widely prevalent intracellular protozoan parasite which causes serious clinical and veterinary problems. Development of an effective vaccine for controlling toxoplasmosis is an extremely important aim. In the present study, the protective efficacy of recombinant multiepitope antigen (USM.TOXO1) expressing nine potential epitopes identified from SAG1, GRA2, and GRA7 of Toxoplasma gondii was evaluated in BALB/c mice. Methods: Mice were immunized subcutaneously with three doses of USM...
April 2018: Iranian Journal of Parasitology
Aliyu Mahmuda, Faruku Bande, Noor Abdulhaleem, Roslaini Abd Majid, Rukman Awang Hamat, Wan Omar Abdullah, Zasmy Unyah
Background: Currently, most of the available serological diagnostic kits for strongyloidiasis are based on the use of the crude antigens of Strongyloides ratti , which are good, but with less sensitivity towards the infection. Hence, this study aimed to produce and evaluate monoclonal antibody for detecting soluble parasite antigen in animal sera. Methods: The study was conducted in the Department of Medical Microbiology and Parasitology, University Putra Malaysia in 2014-2017...
April 2018: Iranian Journal of Parasitology
Laila Abdel Moniem Hegazy, Mona Hussein Al Motiam, Naglaa Fathy Abd El-Aal, Shereen Mahmoud Ibrahim, Heba Khalil Mohamed
Background: Despite the global efforts to control schistosomiasis, still prevalence in endemic regions unchanged. The present study was conducted to investigate the possible role of artesunate (AS) and praziquantel (PZQ) combination in enhancing cure in pre-patent and patent Schistosoma mansoni infection, and study the role of apoptosis in evaluation of the drugs efficacy. Methods: Eighty laboratory-bred Swiss albino male mice were classified into four groups (20 mice each); control, PZQ treated (500 mg/kg), AS treated (400 mg/kg) and combined AS (400 mg/kg) + PZQ (500 mg/g) groups...
April 2018: Iranian Journal of Parasitology
Samira Elikaee, Mehdi Mohebali, Hamid Eslami, Sassan Rezaei, Hamid Reza Najafian, Elham Kazemi-Rad, Hossein Keshavarz, Mohammad Reza Eshraghian, Homa Hajjaran, Mohammad Ali Oshaghi, Sara Ayazian Mavi
Background: Cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) is one of the world health problems. Leishmania major is the etiological agent of zoonotic cutaneous leishmaniasis (ZCL). Promastigote and amastigote are two morphological forms of Leishmania parasites that express different proteins and p27 is an important gene encoding cytochrome c oxidase (COX) component. P27 gene expresses a 27 kDa protein that essential in ATP synthesis. This study aimed to compare p27 gene expression in promastigote and amastigote forms in Iranian strain of L...
April 2018: Iranian Journal of Parasitology
Maryam Niyyati, Roghayeh Sasani, Mehdi Mohebali, Mahmoud Ghazikhansari, Faranak Kargar, Elham Hajialilo, Mostafa Rezaeian
Background: This study aimed to investigate the anti- Acanthamoeba effects of the most used marketed disinfecting solutions in Iran. Moreover, the efficacy of some nano-compounds was tested against pathogenic Acanthamoeba . Methods: The present study was conducted in the School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical sciences, Tehran, Iran during 2015-2016. Cysts of Acanthamoeba T4 genotype (7 × 104 /ml) mixed at the equal volume with contact lens solutions including Opti-free, Ginza, ReNu, Maxima, Light, and Cyclean for the recommended time by the manufacturers...
April 2018: Iranian Journal of Parasitology
Mahin Farahmand, Hossein Nahrevanian, Vahid Khalaj, Mehdi Mohebali, Mohammad Barati, Sanaz Naderi, Zabih Zarei, Ghader Khalili
Background: This study aimed to set-up latex agglutination test (LAT) and ELISA based on recombinant A2 from Iranian strain of Leishmania (L.) infantum (rA2-Ag) and evaluated for detection of anti- Leishmania antibodies in dogs compared to standard direct agglutination test (DAT). Methods: The rA2-Ag was synthesized under a part of the A2 gene sequences which contain immune dominant sequences and less number of repetitive sequences. Latex beads, 0.8 μm (Sigma, USA) were sensitized with rA2-Ag...
April 2018: Iranian Journal of Parasitology
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