journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30265230/dramatic-efficacy-of-dabrafenib-in-erdheim-chester-disease-ecd-a-pediatric-patient-with-multiple-large-intracranial-ecd-lesions-hidden-by-refractory-langerhans-cell-histiocytosis
#1
Xiaolei Hao, Ruie Feng, Yalan Bi, Yuhan Liu, Chunde Li, Tao Lu, Yongji Tian
Erdheim-Chester disease (ECD) is a rare non-Langerhans cell form of histiocytosis that can affect the central nervous system. ECD predominantly affects adults, and only a few pediatric cases have been reported. The co-occurrence of ECD and Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) is exceedingly rare. An 11-year-old boy, who was diagnosed with LCH 7 years previously, presented with multiple giant intracranial lesions. At the time of his initial diagnosis, only one intracranial lesion was observed, and it began to enlarge...
September 28, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30265229/endoscopy-assisted-early-correction-of-single-suture-metopic-craniosynostosis-a-19-year-experience
#2
David F Jimenez, Michael J McGinity, Constance M Barone
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to present the authors' 19-year experience treating metopic craniosynostosis by using an endoscopy-assisted technique and postoperative cranial orthotic therapy. The authors also aimed to provide a comprehensive, comparative statistical analysis of minimally invasive surgery (MIS) versus open surgery in reports previously published in the literature (through 2014) regarding only patients with metopic synostosis. METHODS: A total of 141 patients with single-suture metopic nonsyndromic craniosynostosis sutures were treated between 1998 and 2017 by endoscopically resecting the synostosed bone followed by postoperative custom cranial orthosis use...
September 28, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30265228/mri-guided-laser-interstitial-thermal-therapy-in-an-infant-with-tuberous-sclerosis-technical-case-report
#3
Kristopher G Hooten, Klaus Werner, Mohamad A Mikati, Carrie R Muh
Cortical tubers associated with tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) are potential epileptic foci that are often amenable to resective or ablative surgeries, and controlling seizures at a younger age may lead to improved functional outcomes. MRI-guided laser interstitial thermal therapy (MRgLITT) has become a popular minimally invasive alternative to traditional craniotomy. Benefits of MRgLITT include the ability to monitor the ablation in real time, a smaller incision, shorter hospital stay, reduced blood loss, and reduced postoperative pain...
September 28, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30239284/the-role-of-lumboperitoneal-shunts-in-managing-chronic-hydrocephalus-with-slit-ventricles
#4
Neena I Marupudi, Carolyn Harris, Tanya Pavri, Brenna Mell, Rasanjeet Singh, Steven D Ham, Sandeep Sood
OBJECTIVE: Lumboperitoneal (LP) shunts have a role not only in pseudotumor cerebri, but also in patients with slit-like ventricles who are treated with CSF shunting on a chronic basis. Hesitation to utilize LP shunts is based on previous conventional beliefs including the tendency for overdrainage, difficulties accessing the shunt to tap or revise, and risk of progressive cerebellar tonsillar herniation. The authors hypothesized that the use of horizontal-vertical (HV) valves may reduce the risk of these complications, particularly overdrainage and development of Chiari malformation...
September 21, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30239283/examining-the-need-for-routine-intensive-care-admission-after-surgical-repair-of-nonsyndromic-craniosynostosis-a-preliminary-analysis
#5
Christopher M Bonfield, Jade Basem, D Douglas Cochrane, Ash Singhal, Paul Steinbok
OBJECTIVE: At British Columbia Children's Hospital (BCCH), pediatric patients with nonsyndromic craniosynostosis are admitted directly to a standard surgical ward after craniosynostosis surgery. This study's purpose was to investigate the safety of direct ward admission and to examine the rate at which patients were transferred to the intensive care unit (ICU), the cause for the transfer, and any patient characteristics that indicate higher risk for ICU care. METHODS: The authors retrospectively reviewed medical records of pediatric patients who underwent single-suture or nonsyndromic craniosynostosis repair from 2011 to 2016 at BCCH...
September 21, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30239282/nationwide-incidence-and-risk-factors-for-posttraumatic-seizures-in-children-with-traumatic-brain-injury
#6
Kavelin Rumalla, Kyle A Smith, Vijay Letchuman, Mrudula Gandham, Rachana Kombathula, Paul M Arnold
OBJECTIVE: Posttraumatic seizures (PTSs) are the most common complication following a traumatic brain injury (TBI) and may lead to posttraumatic epilepsy. PTS is well described in the adult literature but has not been studied extensively in children. Here, the authors utilized the largest nationwide registry of pediatric hospitalizations to report the national incidence, risk factors, and outcomes associated with PTS in pediatric TBI. METHODS: The authors queried the Kids' Inpatient Database (KID) using ICD-9-CM codes to identify all patients (age < 21 years) who had a primary diagnosis of TBI (850...
September 21, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30239281/intracranial-hypertension-following-sacrifice-of-occipital-and-marginal-sinuses-during-posterior-fossa-decompression-for-chiari-i-malformation-case-report
#7
Pierre-Olivier Champagne, Florence Cayouette, Anne Lortie, Jean-Claude Decarie, Alexander G Weil
The occipital and marginal sinuses, when present, must be sacrificed in order to open the dura in most posterior fossa surgeries in the pediatric population, including posterior fossa decompression for Type I Chiari malformation (CM-I) with duraplasty. Apart from the immediate risk of hemorrhage, the voluntary occlusion of this structure is almost universally well tolerated. The authors report a case of intracranial hypertension following the sacrifice of occipital and marginal sinuses following posterior fossa decompression with duraplasty for CM-I...
September 21, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30215588/three-dimensional-printing-and-neuroendovascular-simulation-for-the-treatment-of-a-pediatric-intracranial-aneurysm-case-report
#8
Sean Sullivan, Pedro Aguilar-Salinas, Roberta Santos, Alexandra D Beier, Ricardo A Hanel
The use of simulators has been described in a variety of fields as a training tool to gain technical skills through repeating and rehearsing procedures in a safe environment. In cerebrovascular surgery, simulation of skull base approaches has been used for decades. The use of simulation in neurointervention to acquire and enhance skills before treating a patient is a newer concept, but its utilization has been limited due to the lack of good models and deficient haptics. The advent of 3D printing technology and the development of new training models has changed this landscape...
September 14, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30215587/variation-in-the-management-of-isolated-craniosynostosis-a-survey-of-the-synostosis-research-group
#9
John R W Kestle, Amy Lee, Richard C E Anderson, Barbu Gociman, Kamlesh B Patel, Matthew D Smyth, Craig Birgfeld, Ian F Pollack, Jesse A Goldstein, Mandeep Tamber, Thomas Imahiyerobo, Faizi A Siddiqi
OBJECTIVE The authors created a collaborative network, the Synostosis Research Group (SynRG), to facilitate multicenter clinical research on craniosynostosis. To identify common and differing practice patterns within the network, they assessed the SynRG surgeons' management preferences for sagittal synostosis. These results will be incorporated into planning cooperative studies. METHODS The SynRG consists of 12 surgeons at 5 clinical sites. An email survey was distributed to SynRG surgeons in late 2016, and responses were collected through early 2017...
September 14, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30215586/long-term-follow-up-for-patients-with-infantile-hydrocephalus-treated-by-choroid-plexus-coagulation
#10
Atsushi Okano, Hideki Ogiwara
OBJECTIVE Shunt surgery is the most common treatment for hydrocephalus, but it is associated with several long-term complications. Endoscopic choroid plexus coagulation (CPC) and endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV) are alternative surgeries that may avoid the need for shunt surgery. Although the short-term efficacy and safety of CPC have been reported in previous studies, long-term outcome, including not only avoiding shunt placement but also intellectual development, remains to be elucidated. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the long-term outcome of CPC...
September 14, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30215585/spatial-regulation-of-gene-expression-in-nonsyndromic-sagittal-craniosynostosis
#11
Garrett N Cyprus, Jefferson W Overlin, Rafael A Vega, Ann M Ritter, René Olivares-Navarrete
OBJECTIVE Cranial suture patterning and development are highly regulated processes that are not entirely understood. While studies have investigated the differential gene expression for different sutures, little is known about gene expression changes during suture fusion. The aim of this study was to examine gene expression in patent, fusing, and fused regions along sagittal suture specimens in nonsyndromic craniosynostosis patients. METHODS Sagittal sutures were collected from 7 patients (average age 4.5 months) who underwent minimally invasive craniotomies at the Children's Hospital of Richmond at VCU under IRB approval...
September 14, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30215584/development-of-best-practices-to-minimize-wound-complications-after-complex-tethered-spinal-cord-surgery-a-modified-delphi-study
#12
Nikita G Alexiades, Edward S Ahn, Jeffrey P Blount, Douglas L Brockmeyer, Samuel R Browd, Gerald A Grant, Gregory G Heuer, Todd C Hankinson, Bermans J Iskandar, Andrew Jea, Mark D Krieger, Jeffrey R Leonard, David D Limbrick, Cormac O Maher, Mark R Proctor, David I Sandberg, John C Wellons, Belinda Shao, Neil A Feldstein, Richard C E Anderson
OBJECTIVE Complications after complex tethered spinal cord (cTSC) surgery include infections and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leaks. With little empirical evidence to guide management, there is variability in the interventions undertaken to limit complications. Expert-based best practices may improve the care of patients undergoing cTSC surgery. Here, authors conducted a study to identify consensus-driven best practices. METHODS The Delphi method was employed to identify consensual best practices. A literature review regarding cTSC surgery together with a survey of current practices was distributed to 17 board-certified pediatric neurosurgeons...
September 14, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30192215/tumor-dissemination-through-surgical-tracts-in-diffuse-intrinsic-pontine-glioma
#13
Maria-Jesus Lobon-Iglesias, Vicente Santa-Maria Lopez, Patricia Puerta Roldan, Santiago Candela-Cantó, Monica Ramos-Albiac, Marta Gomez-Chiari, Stephanie Puget, Stephanie Bolle, Liliana Goumnerova, Mark W Kieran, Ofelia Cruz, Jacques Grill, Andres Morales La Madrid
OBJECTIVE Diffuse intrinsic pontine glioma (DIPG) is a highly aggressive and lethal brainstem tumor in children. In the 1980s, routine biopsy at presentation was abandoned since it was claimed "unnecessary" for diagnosis. In the last decade, however, several groups have reincorporated this procedure as standard of care or in the context of clinical trials. Expert neurosurgical teams report no mortality and acceptable morbidity, and no relevant complications have been previously described. The aim of this study was to review needle tract dissemination as a potential complication in DIPG...
September 7, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30192214/letter-to-the-editor-surgery-for-pediatric-thalamic-tumors-using-dti-to-improve-neurological-outcome
#14
Rodolfo Maduri, Viviana Aureli, Vincent Dunet, Roy Thomas Daniel, Mahmoud Messerer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 7, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30192213/letter-to-the-editor-reappraisal-of-nuchal-ligament-as-a-dura-substitute-for-chiari-malformation-type-i
#15
Toshikazu Kimura, Shunsuke Ichi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 7, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30192212/postoperative-translation-of-the-upper-instrumented-vertebra-in-thoracic-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis
#16
Katsuhisa Yamada, Hideki Sudo, Kiyoshi Kaneda, Yasuhiro Shono, Yuichiro Abe, Norimasa Iwasaki
OBJECTIVE The aim of this retrospective study was to analyze the influence of upper instrumented vertebra (UIV) translation from the C7 plumb line (C7PL) on the long-term postoperative results of patients with main thoracic (MT) adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS). METHODS Twenty-five patients had been treated surgically for AIS with a Lenke type 1 curve and had been followed up for a mean period of 18.2 years. Radiographic parameters, pulmonary function measurements, and clinical outcomes were compared between the patients (n = 15) with UIV translation < 20 mm and those (n = 10) with UIV translation ≥ 20 mm at the final follow-up...
September 7, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30168733/greater-ultrasonographic-changes-in-pediatric-moyamoya-patients-compared-with-adults-after-indirect-revascularization-surgeries
#17
Shin-Joe Yeh, Sung-Chun Tang, Li-Kai Tsai, Chung-Wei Lee, Ya-Fang Chen, Hon-Man Liu, Shih-Hung Yang, Yu-Lin Hsieh, Meng-Fai Kuo, Jiann-Shing Jeng
OBJECTIVE Pediatric and adult patients with moyamoya disease experience similar clinical benefits from indirect revascularization surgeries, but there are still debates about age-related angiographic differences of the collaterals established after surgery. The goal of this study was to assess age-related differences on ultrasonography before and after indirect revascularization surgeries in moyamoya patients, focusing on some ultrasonographic parameters known to be correlated with the collaterals supplied by the external carotid artery (ECA)...
August 31, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30168732/optimal-duration-of-postoperative-helmet-therapy-following-endoscopic-strip-craniectomy-for-sagittal-craniosynostosis
#18
Rajiv R Iyer, Xiaobu Ye, Qiuyu Jin, Yao Lu, Luckmini Liyanage, Edward S Ahn
OBJECTIVE Many infants with sagittal craniosynostosis undergo effective surgical correction with endoscopic strip craniectomy (ESC) and postoperative helmet therapy (PHT). While PHT is essential to achieving optimal cosmesis following ESC, there has been little comprehensive analysis of the ideal PHT duration needed to attain this goal. METHODS The authors retrospectively reviewed the charts of infants undergoing ESC and PHT for sagittal synostosis at our institution between 2008 and 2015. Data collected included age at surgery, follow-up duration, and PHT duration...
August 31, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30141753/treated-hydrocephalus-in-individuals-with-myelomeningocele-in-the-national-spina-bifida-patient-registry
#19
Irene Kim, Betsy Hopson, Inmaculada Aban, Elias B Rizk, Mark S Dias, Robin Bowman, Laurie L Ackerman, Michael D Partington, Heidi Castillo, Jonathan Castillo, Paula R Peterson, Jeffrey P Blount, Brandon G Rocque
OBJECTIVE Although the majority of patients with myelomeningocele have hydrocephalus, reported rates of hydrocephalus treatment vary widely. The purpose of this study was to determine the rate of surgical treatment for hydrocephalus in patients with myelomeningocele in the National Spina Bifida Patient Registry (NSBPR). In addition, the authors explored the variation in shunting rates across NSBPR institutions, examined the relationship between hydrocephalus, and the functional lesion level of the myelomeningocele, and evaluated for temporal trends in rates of treated hydrocephalus...
August 24, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30141752/decompression-for-chiari-malformation-type-ii-in-individuals-with-myelomeningocele-in-the-national-spina-bifida-patient-registry
#20
Irene Kim, Betsy Hopson, Inmaculada Aban, Elias B Rizk, Mark S Dias, Robin Bowman, Laurie L Ackerman, Michael D Partington, Heidi Castillo, Jonathan Castillo, Paula R Peterson, Jeffrey P Blount, Brandon G Rocque
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to determine the rate of decompression for Chiari malformation type II in individuals with myelomeningocele in the National Spina Bifida Patient Registry (NSBPR). In addition, the authors explored the variation in rates of Chiari II decompression across NSBPR institutions, examined the relationship between Chiari II decompression and functional lesion level of the myelomeningocele, age, and need for tracheostomy, and they evaluated for temporal trends in rates of Chiari II decompression...
August 24, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
journal
journal
41858
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"