journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186478/meaningful-use-an-electronic-medical-record-tool-for-cerebrospinal-fluid-shunt-history
#1
Lance S Governale, Jeffrey M Hoffman
The care of patients with shunted hydrocephalus can be complicated. The best assessment is provided when all data are available to the neurosurgery practitioner. However, data can be time-consuming to gather, especially in the setting of a busy practice, a trainee environment with duty-hour restrictions, and an electronic medical record (EMR) not specifically designed for the needs of subspecialists. For these reasons, the complete clinical picture, especially the historical component, is sometimes not assembled...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186477/bilateral-sagittal-split-mandibular-osteotomies-for-enhanced-exposure-of-the-anterior-cervical-spine-in-children-technical-note
#2
Michael Karsy, Neal Moores, Faizi Siddiqi, Douglas L Brockmeyer, Robert J Bollo
The bilateral sagittal split mandibular osteotomy (BSSMO), a common maxillofacial technique for expanding the oropharynx during treatment of micrognathia, is a rarely employed but useful adjunct to improve surgical access to the ventral cervical spine in children. Specifically, it provides enhanced exposure of the craniocervical junction in the context of midface hypoplasia, and of the subaxial cervical spine in children with severe kyphosis. The authors describe their technique for BSSMO and evaluate long-term outcomes in patients...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186476/risk-factors-for-surgical-site-infection-following-nonshunt-pediatric-neurosurgery-a-review-of-9296-procedures-from-a-national-database-and-comparison-with-a-single-center-experience
#3
Brandon A Sherrod, Anastasia A Arynchyna, James M Johnston, Curtis J Rozzelle, Jeffrey P Blount, W Jerry Oakes, Brandon G Rocque
OBJECTIVE Surgical site infection (SSI) following CSF shunt operations has been well studied, yet risk factors for nonshunt pediatric neurosurgery are less well understood. The purpose of this study was to determine SSI rates and risk factors following nonshunt pediatric neurosurgery using a nationwide patient cohort and an institutional data set specifically for better understanding SSI. METHODS The authors reviewed the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program-Pediatric (ACS NSQIP-P) database for the years 2012-2014, including all neurosurgical procedures performed on pediatric patients except CSF shunts and hematoma evacuations...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186475/programmable-shunt-valve-interactions-with-osseointegrated-hearing-devices
#4
Matthew J Pierson, Daniel Wehrmann, J Andrew Albers, Najib E El Tecle, Dary Costa, Samer K Elbabaa
OBJECTIVE Patients with ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunts with programmable valves who would benefit from osseointegrated hearing devices (OIHDs) represent a unique population. The aim of this study was to evaluate the magnetic field strengths of 4 OIHDs and their interactions with 5 programmable VP shunt valves. METHODS Magnetic field strength was measured as a function of distance for each hearing device (Cochlear Baha 5, Cochlear Baha BP110, Oticon Ponto Plus Power, and Medtronic Sophono) in the following modes: inactive, active in quiet, and active in 60 decibels of background noise in the sound booth...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186474/morbidity-associated-with-30-day-surgical-site-infection-following-nonshunt-pediatric-neurosurgery
#5
Brandon A Sherrod, Brandon G Rocque
OBJECTIVE Morbidity associated with surgical site infection (SSI) following nonshunt pediatric neurosurgical procedures is poorly understood. The purpose of this study was to analyze acute morbidity and mortality associated with SSI after nonshunt pediatric neurosurgery using a nationwide cohort. METHODS The authors reviewed data from the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program-Pediatric (NSQIP-P) 2012-2014 database, including all neurosurgical procedures performed on pediatric patients...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186473/minimally-invasive-scoliosis-surgery-assisted-by-o-arm-navigation-for-lenke-type-5c-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis-a-comparison-with-standard-open-approach-spinal-instrumentation
#6
Weiguo Zhu, Weixiang Sun, Leilei Xu, Xu Sun, Zhen Liu, Yong Qiu, Zezhang Zhu
OBJECTIVE Recently, minimally invasive scoliosis surgery (MISS) was introduced for the correction of adult scoliosis. Multiple benefits including a good deformity correction rate and fewer complications have been demonstrated. However, few studies have reported on the use of MISS for the management of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS). The purpose of this study was to investigate the outcome of posterior MISS assisted by O-arm navigation for the correction of Lenke Type 5C AIS. METHODS The authors searched a database for all patients with AIS who had been treated with either MISS or PSF between November 2012 and January 2014...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156217/virtual-surgical-planning-and-3d-printing-in-repeat-calvarial-vault-reconstruction-for-craniosynostosis-technical-note
#7
Melissa LoPresti, Bradley Daniels, Edward P Buchanan, Laura Monson, Sandi Lam
Repeat surgery for restenosis after initial nonsyndromic craniosynostosis intervention is sometimes needed. Calvarial vault reconstruction through a healed surgical bed adds a level of intraoperative complexity and may benefit from preoperative and intraoperative definitions of biometric and aesthetic norms. Computer-assisted design and manufacturing using 3D imaging allows the precise formulation of operative plans in anticipation of surgical intervention. 3D printing turns virtual plans into anatomical replicas, templates, or customized implants by using a variety of materials...
February 3, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156216/use-of-an-intraventricular-strip-electrode-for-mesial-temporal-monitoring-in-children-with-medically-intractable-epilepsy
#8
Hyunmi Kim, Ahyuda Oh, Larry Olson, Joshua J Chern
OBJECTIVE The objective of this study was to evaluate mesial temporal electroencephalographic (EEG) monitoring, using an intraventricular strip electrode (IVSE) along the ventricular surface of the hippocampus, in children with medically intractable epilepsy. METHODS The authors reviewed 10 consecutive cases in which subdural electrode placements and mesial temporal monitoring were recommended. The median age of the patients was 12.7 years (range 4.5-19.3 years). Both grids and IVSE were placed in all patients...
February 3, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156215/does-higher-screw-density-improve-radiographic-and-clinical-outcomes-in-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis-a-systematic-review-and-pooled-analysis
#9
Ming Luo, Wengang Wang, Mingkui Shen, Xin Luo, Lei Xia
OBJECTIVE The radiographic and clinical outcomes of low-density (LD) versus high-density (HD) screw constructs in patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) treated with all-pedicle screw constructs are still controversial. A systematic review and pooled analysis were performed to compare radiographic, perioperative, and quality-of-life (QOL) outcomes and complications in patients with moderate AIS treated with LD or HD screw constructs. METHODS The MEDLINE, Embase, and Web of Science databases were searched for English-language articles addressing LD versus HD screw constructs in AIS patients treated with all-pedicle screw constructs...
February 3, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156214/a-2d-threshold-of-the-condylar-c1-interval-to-maximize-identification-of-patients-at-high-risk-for-atlantooccipital-dislocation-using-computed-tomography
#10
Vijay M Ravindra, Jay Riva-Cambrin, Kevin P Horn, Jason Ginos, Russell Brockmeyer, Jian Guan, John Rampton, Douglas L Brockmeyer
OBJECTIVE Measurement of the occipital condyle-C1 interval (CCI) is important in the evaluation of atlantooccipital dislocation (AOD) in pediatric trauma patients. The authors studied a large cohort of children with and without AOD to identify a 2D measurement threshold that maximizes the diagnostic yield of the CCI on cervical spine CT scans obtained in trauma patients. METHODS This retrospective, single-center study included all children who underwent CT of the cervical spine at Primary Children's Hospital from January 1, 2011, through December 31, 2014, for trauma evaluation...
February 3, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156213/structural-brain-differences-in-school-age-children-with-and-without-single-suture-craniosynostosis
#11
Kristina Aldridge, Brent R Collett, Erin R Wallace, Craig Birgfeld, Jordan R Austin, Regina Yeh, Madison Feil, Kathleen A Kapp-Simon, Elizabeth H Aylward, Michael L Cunningham, Matthew L Speltz
OBJECTIVE Single-suture craniosynostosis (SSC), the premature fusion of a cranial suture, is characterized by dysmorphology of the craniofacial skeleton. Evidence to suggest that children with SSC are at an elevated risk of mild to moderate developmental delays and neurocognitive deficits is mounting, but the associations among premature suture fusion, neuroanatomy, and neurocognition are unexplained. The goals of this study were to determine 1) whether differences in the brain are present in young children with the 2 most common forms of SSC (sagittal and metopic) several years following surgical correction, and 2) whether the pattern of differences varies by affected suture (sagittal or metopic)...
February 3, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28128706/standardizing-preoperative-preparation-to-reduce-surgical-site-infections-among-pediatric-neurosurgical-patients
#12
Joshua K Schaffzin, Katherine Simon, Beverly L Connelly, Francesco T Mangano
OBJECTIVE Surgical site infections (SSIs) are costly to patients and the health care system. Pediatric neurosurgery SSI risk factors are not well defined. Intraoperative protocols have reduced, but have not eliminated, SSIs. The effect of preoperative intervention is unknown. Using quality improvement methods, a preoperative SSI prevention protocol for pediatric neurosurgical patients was implemented to assess its effect on SSI rate. METHODS Patients who underwent a scheduled neurosurgical procedure between January 2014 and December 2015 were included...
January 27, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28128705/assessing-residents-operative-skills-for-external-ventricular-drain-placement-and-shunt-surgery-in-pediatric-neurosurgery
#13
Guillermo Aldave, Daniel Hansen, Valentina Briceño, Thomas G Luerssen, Andrew Jea
OBJECTIVE The authors previously demonstrated the use of a validated Objective Structured Assessment of Technical Skills (OSATS) tool for evaluating residents' operative skills in pediatric neurosurgery. However, no benchmarks have been established for specific pediatric procedures despite an increased need for meaningful assessments that can either allow for early intervention for underperforming trainees or allow for proficient residents to progress to conducting operations independently with more passive supervision...
January 27, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28128704/cervical-lordotic-alignment-following-posterior-spinal-fusion-for-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis-reciprocal-changes-and-risk-factors-for-malalignment
#14
Kazunori Hayashi, Hiromitsu Toyoda, Hidetomi Terai, Akinobu Suzuki, Masatoshi Hoshino, Koji Tamai, Shoichiro Ohyama, Hiroaki Nakamura
OBJECTIVE Numerous reports have been published on the effectiveness and safety of correction of the coronal Cobb angle and thoracolumbar sagittal alignment in patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS). Suboptimal sagittal alignment, such as decreased thoracic kyphosis (TK), after corrective surgery, is a possible cause of lumbar or cervical spinal degeneration and junctional malalignment; however, few reports are available on reciprocal changes outside of the fused segments, such as the cervical lordotic angle (CLA)...
January 27, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28128703/a-comparison-in-a-youth-population-between-those-with-and-without-a-history-of-concussion-using-biomechanical-reconstruction
#15
Andrew Post, T Blaine Hoshizaki, Michael D Gilchrist, David Koncan, Lauren Dawson, Wesley Chen, Andrée-Anne Ledoux, Roger Zemek
OBJECTIVE Concussion is a common topic of research as a result of the short- and long-term effects it can have on the affected individual. Of particular interest is whether previous concussions can lead to a biomechanical susceptibility, or vulnerability, to incurring further head injuries, particularly for youth populations. The purpose of this research was to compare the impact biomechanics of a concussive event in terms of acceleration and brain strains of 2 groups of youths: those who had incurred a previous concussion and those who had not...
January 27, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28128702/new-classification-of-spinal-lipomas-based-on-embryonic-stage
#16
Nobuhito Morota, Satoshi Ihara, Hideki Ogiwara
OBJECTIVE Spinal lipomas are generally thought to occur as a result of failed primary neurulation. However, some clinical features cannot be explained by this theory. The authors propose a novel classification of spinal lipomas based on embryonic changes seen during primary and secondary neurulation. METHODS A total of 677 patients with occult spinal dysraphism underwent 699 surgeries between August 2002 and May 2015 at the National Center for Child Health and Development and Tokyo Metropolitan Children's Medical Center...
January 27, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106515/solitary-fibrous-tumors-of-the-spine-a-pediatric-case-report-with-a-comprehensive-review-of-the-literature
#17
Gregory W Albert, Murat Gokden
Solitary fibrous tumors of the spine are rare lesions. Their description in the literature is limited to case reports and small case series. While generally benign lesions, they can recur and occasionally occur as malignancies. Here the authors present the case of a 10-year-old boy, the youngest patient and first preadolescent reported thus far, with this condition. In addition, they perform a comprehensive review of all previously published cases of spinal solitary fibrous tumors.
January 20, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106514/endonasal-management-of-pediatric-congenital-transsphenoidal-encephaloceles-nuances-of-a-modified-reconstruction-technique-technical-note-and-report-of-3-cases
#18
Mehdi Zeinalizadeh, Seyed Mousa Sadrehosseini, Zohreh Habibi, Farideh Nejat, Harley Brito da Silva, Harminder Singh
OBJECTIVE Congenital transsphenoidal encephaloceles are rare malformations, and their surgical treatment remains challenging. This paper reports 3 cases of transsphenoidal encephalocele in 8- to 24-month-old infants, who presented mainly with airway obstruction, respiratory distress, and failure to thrive. METHODS The authors discuss the surgical management of these lesions via a minimally invasive endoscopic endonasal approach, as compared with the traditional transcranial and transpalatal approaches. A unique endonasal management algorithm for these lesions is outlined...
January 20, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106513/long-term-follow-up-of-superior-gluteal-artery-perforator-flap-closure-of-large-myelomeningoceles
#19
Brett A Whittemore, Dale M Swift, Bradley E Weprin, Frederick J Duffy
OBJECTIVE Large myelomeningocele defects and poor surrounding tissue quality make some defects particularly difficult to close primarily. This paper describes the superior gluteal artery perforator (SGAP) flap technique for defect closure and long-term clinical outcomes. METHODS The technique for closing a myelomeningocele with an SGAP flap is described. A retrospective chart review was performed on a cohort of 11 patients who underwent closure in this manner. RESULTS Between 1999 and 2015, 271 myelomeningoceles were closed, 11 of which were SGAP flap closures...
January 20, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28084922/initial-experience-with-endoscopic-ultrasonic-aspirator-in-purely-neuroendoscopic-removal-of-intraventricular-tumors
#20
Giuseppe Cinalli, Alessia Imperato, Giuseppe Mirone, Giuliana Di Martino, Giancarlo Nicosia, Claudio Ruggiero, Ferdinando Aliberti, Pietro Spennato
OBJECTIVE Neuroendoscopic removal of intraventricular tumors is difficult and time consuming because of the lack of an effective decompression system that can be used through the working channel of the endoscope. The authors report on the utilization of an endoscopic ultrasonic aspirator in the resection of intraventricular tumors. METHODS Twelve pediatric patients (10 male, 2 female), ages 1-15 years old, underwent surgery via a purely endoscopic approach using a Gaab rigid endoscope and endoscopic ultrasonic aspirator...
January 13, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
journal
journal
41858
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"