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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629409/correlation-between-knowledge-on-transmission-and-prevention-of-hiv-sti-and-proficiency-in-condom-use-among-male-migrants-from-africa-and-middle-east-evaluated-by-a-condom-use-skills-score-using-a-wooden-penile-model
#1
Fabio Zoboli, Domenico Martinelli, Mariantonietta Di Stefano, Massimo Fasano, Rosa Prato, Teresa Antonia Santantonio, Jose' Ramòn Fiore
BACKGROUND: Migrants in Italy are prevalently young adults, with a higher risk of sexual transmitted infections (STI) and HIV infection. Promoting consistent as well as correct use of condoms could reduce failure rate due to their improper use. The aim of our study was to evaluate Condom Use Skills among a migrant population recently landed in Italy, hosted in a government center for asylum seekers. METHODS: The study sample was composed of 80 male migrants. Sanitary trained interviewers submitted a questionnaire to participants to investigate age, provenience, marital status, educational level and knowledge about transmission and prevention of HIV/STI...
June 19, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619116/feasibility-of-a-physical-activity-intervention-during-and-shortly-after-chemotherapy-for-testicular-cancer
#2
Lene Thorsen, Camilla Kirkegaard, Jon Håvard Loge, Cecilie E Kiserud, Merethe Lia Johansen, Gunhild M Gjerset, Elisabeth Edvardsen, Hanne Hamre, Tone Ikdahl, Sophie D Fosså
BACKGROUND: Given the risk of developing acute and long-term adverse effects in patients receiving cisplatin-based chemotherapy for testicular cancer (TC), risk-reducing interventions, such as physical activity (PA), may be relevant. Limited knowledge is available on the challenges met when conducting PA intervention trials in patients with TC during and shortly after chemotherapy. The aims of the present feasibility study are therefore to determine patient recruitment, compliance and adherence to a PA intervention...
June 15, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619041/assessment-of-short-and-long-term-outcomes-of-diabetes-patient-education-using-the-health-education-impact-questionnaire-heiq
#3
Ditte Hjorth Laursen, Karl Bang Christensen, Ulla Christensen, Anne Frølich
BACKGROUND: Type 2 diabetes is a progressive chronic illness that will affect more than 500 million people worldwide by 2030. It is a significant cause of morbidity and mortality. Finding the right care management for diabetes patients is necessary to effectively address the growing population of affected individuals and escalating costs. Patient education is one option for improving patient self-management. However, there are large discrepancies in the outcomes of such programs and long-term data are lacking...
June 15, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615078/characterisation-of-roseomonas-mucosa-isolated-from-the-root-canal-of-an-infected-tooth
#4
Nina Diesendorf, Stefanie Köhler, Walter Geißdörfer, Tanja Grobecker-Karl, Matthias Karl, Andreas Burkovski
OBJECTIVE: The genus Roseomonas comprises a group of pink-pigmented, slow-growing, aerobic, non-fermentative Gram-negative bacteria, which have been isolated from environmental sources such as water and soil, but are also associated with human infections. In the study presented here, Roseomonas mucosa was identified for the first time as part of the endodontic microbiota of an infected root canal and characterised in respect to growth, antibiotic susceptibility and biofilm formation. RESULTS: The isolated R...
June 14, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615064/anti-toxoplasma-gondii-antibodies-in-patients-with-beta-hemoglobinopathies-the-first-report-in-the-americas
#5
Marina Neves Ferreira, Claudia Regina Bonini-Domingos, Isabeth Fonseca Estevão, Clarice Lopes de Castro Lobo, Gisele Cristina Souza Carrocini, Aparecida Perpétuo Silveira-Carvalho, Octávio Ricci, Luiz Carlos de Mattos, Cinara Cássia Brandão de Mattos
BACKGROUND: In Brazil, there have been no previous studies of Toxoplasma gondii infection in sickle cell anemia patients and carriers of severe forms of beta-thalassemia. This study evaluated T. gondii infection in patients with beta-hemoglobinopathies. METHODS: A total of 158 samples, 77 (48.7%) men and 81 (51.3%) women, were evaluated. Three groups were formed: G1 (85 patients with sickle cell disease); G2 (11 patients with homozygous beta-thalassemia; G3 (62 patients with heterozygous beta-thalassemia)...
June 14, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610622/very-late-onset-cytomegalovirus-disease-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#6
Hania Burgan, Gael Gosteli, Marc Giovannini, Reto Lienhard, Olivier Clerc
BACKGROUND: Cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection remains one of the most common and feared complications of transplantation, justifying prophylaxis or preemptive strategies guided by donor and recipient CMV serostatus. In case of seronegative donor and recipient (D-/R-), no prophylaxis is recommended. Late-onset CMV disease is usually defined as occurring after prophylaxis discontinuation in D+/R- transplant patients. CASE PRESENTATION: We are reporting the case of a D-/R- kidney Caucasian transplant recipient presenting with CMV primoinfection 12 years after renal transplant, and discuss the role of a secondary prophylaxis so late after transplantation...
June 13, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606173/tuberculosis-caseload-in-children-with-severe-acute-malnutrition-related-with-high-hospital-based-mortality-in-lusaka-zambia
#7
Tendai Munthali, Chishala Chabala, Elson Chama, Raider Mugode, Nathan Kapata, Patrick Musonda, Charles Michelo
BACKGROUND: Tuberculosis and severe acute malnutrition (SAM) in children pose a major treatment and care challenge in high HIV burden countries in Africa. We investigated the prevalence of Tuberculosis notifications among hospitalised under-five children with severe acute malnutrition. A retrospective review of medical records for all children aged 0-59 months admitted to the University Teaching Hospital from 2009 to 2013 was performed. Descriptive statistics were employed to estimate TB caseload...
June 12, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606172/the-characterisation-of-microsatellite-markers-reveals-tetraploidy-in-the-greater-water-parsnip-sium-latifolium-apiaceae
#8
Naomi J Dalton, Gavin J Horsburgh, Deborah A Dawson
BACKGROUND: The Greater Water Parsnip, Sium latifolium (Apiaceae), is a marginal aquatic perennial currently endangered in England and consequently the focus of a number of conservation translocation projects. Microsatellite markers were developed for S. latifolium to facilitate comparison of genetic diversity and composition between natural and introduced populations. RESULTS: We selected 65 S. latifolium microsatellite (MiSeq) sequences and designed primer pairs for these...
June 12, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606171/latrine-coverage-and-its-utilisation-in-a-rural-village-of-eastern-nepal-a-community-based-cross-sectional-study
#9
Shyam Sundar Budhathoki, Gambhir Shrestha, Meika Bhattachan, Suman Bahadur Singh, Nilambar Jha, Paras K Pokharel
BACKGROUND: A little more than 1/3rd of the rural households in Nepal have improved latrine facility. The government of Nepal is working towards making an open defecation free area all over Nepal. There is no data found in literature searches regarding the status of latrines and its utilisation in Nepal. This study aims to estimate the coverage and utilisation of latrine and its associated factors in a rural community of Nepal. METHODS: We conducted a cross sectional study in March 2015-September 2015 among 625 households in Hattimuda Village, Morang district in Eastern Nepal using semi-structured pre-tested questionnaire with observational checklists...
June 12, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606170/predictors-of-glucose-control-in-children-and-adolescents-with-type-1-diabetes-results-of-a-cross-sectional-study-in-cameroon
#10
Loveline L Niba, Benedikt Aulinger, Wilfred F Mbacham, Klaus G Parhofer
BACKGROUND: In sub-Saharan Africa the prognosis of children with type 1 diabetes is poor. Many are not diagnosed and those diagnosed have a dramatically reduced life expectancy (less than one year). The purpose of this study was to identify the predictors of glucose control in children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes. METHODS: This hospital based cross-sectional study involved 76 children/adolescents (35 boys and 41 girls, mean age of 15.1 ± 3.1 years) with type 1 diabetes included in the "Changing Diabetes in Children" (CDiC) program and attending the clinics for children living with type 1 diabetes in the North West Region of Cameroon...
June 12, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606167/rdml-a-mathematica-package-for-parsing-and-importing-real-time-qpcr-data
#11
Ramiro Magno, Isabel Duarte, Raquel P Andrade, Isabel Palmeirim
OBJECTIVE: The purpose and objective of the research presented is to provide a package for easy importing of Real-Time PCR data markup language (RDML) data to Mathematica. RESULTS: Real-Time qPCR is the most widely used experimental method for the accurate quantification of gene expression. To enable the straightforward archiving and sharing of qPCR data and its associated experimental information, an XML-based data standard was developed-the Real-Time PCR data markup language (RDML)-devised by the RDML consortium...
June 12, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606166/poncet-s-disease-in-human-immunodeficiency-virus-a-case-report
#12
Enoch Omonge, Fredrick Otieno, Mary Kubo, Betty Shiruli
BACKGROUND: Poncet's disease is a rare reactive polyarthritis associated with active tuberculosis and no evidence of Mycobacterium tuberculosis in the affected joint. CASE PRESENTATION: We report a case of a 35 year old Human Immunodeficiency Virus positive Kenyan male of Kikuyu ethnicity from Kiambu County who presented to hospital with a 6 day history of bilateral knee pain and swelling, bilateral ankle pain with right ankle swelling. The patient reported 6 months history of cough and weight loss...
June 12, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606156/expression-of-mrna-il-17f-and-sil-17f-in-atopic-asthma-patients
#13
Mochammad Hatta, Eko E Surachmanto, Andi Asadul Islam, Syarifuddin Wahid
BACKGROUND: Asthma is a chronic inflammatory disorder of airway that involves many cells and elements. Chronic inflammation caused by increase Airway hyperresponsiveness that cause recurrent episodic symptoms of breathlessness, wheezing, chest tightness and coughing, especially at night or early morning. Interleukin 17F is a cytokine that plays an important role in the pathophysiology of asthma attacks. Some studies show a variety of IL-17F roles in the pathogenesis of airway inflammation due to an allergic reaction...
June 12, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606139/a-loss-of-pdxk-model-of-parkinson-disease-in-drosophila-can-be-suppressed-by-buffy
#14
P Githure M'Angale, Brian E Staveley
BACKGROUND: The identification of a DNA variant in pyridoxal kinase (Pdxk) associated with increased risk to Parkinson disease (PD) gene led us to study the inhibition of this gene in the Dopa decarboxylase (Ddc)-expressing neurons of the well-studied model organism Drosophila melanogaster. The multitude of biological functions attributable to the vitamers catalysed by this kinase reveal an overabundance of possible links to PD, that include dopamine synthesis, antioxidant activity and mitochondrial function...
June 12, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599677/dry-heat-inactivation-of-mycobacterium-canettii
#15
Djaltou Aboubaker Osman, Eric Garnotel, Michel Drancourt
OBJECTIVE: "Mycobacterium canettii" is responsible for non-transmissible lymph node and pulmonary tuberculosis in persons exposed in the Horn of Africa. In the absence of direct human transmission, contaminated water and foodstuffs could be sources of contamination. We investigated the dry-heat inactivation of "M. canettii" alone and mixed into mock-infected foodstuffs by inoculating agar cylinders and milk with 10(4) colony-forming units of "M. canettii" CIPT140010059 and two "M. canettii" clinical strains with Mycobacterium tuberculosis H37Rv as a control...
June 9, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599671/is-there-a-difference-in-prevalence-of-helminths-between-households-using-ecological-sanitation-and-those-using-traditional-pit-latrines-a-latrine-based-cross-sectional-comparative-study-in-malawi
#16
Save Kumwenda, Chisomo Msefula, Wilfred Kadewa, Yohane Diness, Charles Kato, Tracy Morse, Bagrey Ngwira
BACKGROUND: Studies have shown that households using sludge from human excreta for agriculture are at an increased risk of soil transmitted helminths. However, while use of ecological sanitation (EcoSan) latrines is increasing in most African countries including Malawi, few studies have been done to check whether use of such sludge could potentially increase the prevalence of helminthic infections among household members as a results of exposure to faecal sludge/compared to use of traditional latrines...
June 9, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595654/dog-rabies-data-reported-to-multinational-organizations-from-southern-and-eastern-african-countries
#17
Tariku Jibat Beyene, Monique C M Mourits, Henk Hogeveen
OBJECTIVE: Rabies is one of the viral diseases with the highest case fatality rate in humans. The main transmission route to humans is through bites, especially of infected dogs. Decisions on the allocation of resources to control and reduce the socio-economic impacts of rabies require reliable data. Several national, regional and international organizations have been gathering rabies data for more than a decade. The objective of this paper was to examine the consistencies in the number of dog rabies cases reported to different multinational organizations by Southern and Eastern African countries and to explore the presence of any time trend among the reported rabies data...
June 8, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595630/prevalence-and-risk-factors-of-poor-immune-recovery-among-adult-hiv-patients-attending-care-and-treatment-centre-in-northwestern-tanzania-following-the-use-of-highly-active-antiretroviral-therapy-a-retrospective-study
#18
Daniel W Gunda, Semvua B Kilonzo, Erasmus Kamugisha, Engelbert Z Rauya, Bonaventura C Mpondo
BACKGROUND: Highly Active Antiretroviral therapy (HAART) reverses the effect of Human Immunodeficiency Virus/Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (HIV/AIDS) by durably suppressing viral replication. This allows CD4 gain to levels that are adequate enough to restore the body's capability to fight against opportunistic infections (OIs). Patients with poor immune recovery have been shown to have higher risk of developing both AIDS and non AIDS related clinical events. This study aimed at assessing the proportions and risk factors of poor immune recovery in adult HIV-infected patients on 48 months of HAART attending care and treatment center (CTC) in northwestern Tanzania...
June 8, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595599/designing-persuasive-health-materials-using-processing-fluency-a-literature-review
#19
Tsuyoshi Okuhara, Hirono Ishikawa, Masahumi Okada, Mio Kato, Takahiro Kiuchi
BACKGROUND: Health materials to promote health behaviors should be readable and generate favorable evaluations of the message. Processing fluency (the subjective experience of ease with which people process information) has been increasingly studied over the past decade. In this review, we explore effects and instantiations of processing fluency and discuss the implications for designing effective health materials. We searched seven online databases using "processing fluency" as the key word...
June 8, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595593/specialty-preferences-among-medical-students-in-botswana
#20
Ambrose Rukewe, W A Abebe, A A Fatiregun, M Kgantshang
BACKGROUND: With the establishment of a new medical college in Botswana to train generalist-doctors and specialists, we set out to explore the career preferences of medical students, factors that influence their choices and attitude to local postgraduate training. METHODS: A descriptive cross-sectional questionnaire-based study was conducted among medical students in their third to fifth year, at the Faculty of Medicine, University of Botswana. The structured, self-administered questionnaires which were hand-delivered covered demographic characteristics of responders, career choices, preferred location of specialisation and factors that influenced the choices...
June 8, 2017: BMC Research Notes
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