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BMC Research Notes

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454589/prevalence-and-antimicrobial-resistance-profile-of-staphylococcus-in-dairy-farms-abattoir-and-humans-in-addis-ababa-ethiopia
#1
Takele Beyene, Halefom Hayishe, Fikru Gizaw, Ashenafi Feyisa Beyi, Fufa Abunna, Bedaso Mammo, Dinka Ayana, Hika Waktole, Reta Duguma Abdi
BACKGROUND: Staphylococcus species cause mastitis and wound infection in livestock and food poisoning in humans through ingestion of contaminated foods, including meat and dairy products. They are evolving pathogens in that they readily acquire drug resistance, and multiple drug-resistant (MDR) isolates are increasing in human and veterinary healthcare. Therefore, this study was conducted to evaluate the prevalence of Staphylococci and their drug resistance in dairy farms and abattoir settings of Addis Ababa...
April 28, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454556/molecular-and-epidemiological-characterization-of-hiv-1-subtypes-among-libyan-patients
#2
Mohamed A Daw, Abdallah El-Bouzedi, Mohamed O Ahmed, Aghnyia A Dau
BACKGROUND: The epidemiological and clinical aspects of human immunodeficiency virus subtypes are of great interest worldwide. These subtypes are rarely studied in North African countries. Libya is a large country with the longest coast on the Mediterranean Sea, facing the Southern European countries. Studies on the characterization of HIV-1 subtypes are limited in Libya. This study aimed to determine the magnitude of the HIV problem among the Libyan population and to better understand the genetic diversity and the epidemiologic dynamics of HIV 1, as well as to correlate that with the risk factors involved...
April 28, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454552/how-common-is-ponticulus-posticus-on-lateral-cephalograms
#3
Jamal Giri, Prabhat Ranjan Pokharel, Rajesh Gyawali
BACKGROUND: Ponticulus posticus is an anomaly of first cervical vertebra visible on lateral cephalogram and has some serious medical and surgical implications. Unfortunately, it is often overlooked or undetected by orthodontists. The general objective of this study is to sensitize orthodontists about this anomaly by depicting its prevalence among a group of Nepalese orthodontic patients. METHODS: Four hundred and fourteen digital lateral cephalograms of orthodontic patients were retrieved from the archives of the department...
April 28, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454550/occupational-factors-and-low-back-pain-a-cross-sectional-study-of-bangladeshi-female-nurses
#4
Shubrandu S Sanjoy, Gias U Ahsan, Hayatun Nabi, Ziaul F Joy, Ahmed Hossain
BACKGROUND: The suffering from low back pain (LBP) is very common among nurses. The high prevalence rates of LBP are observed in many countries. Many back injuries are due to individual and work-related factors. Our aim is to investigate whether there is an association of occupational factors with LBP among the female nurses who are currently working in tertiary hospitals of Bangladesh. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study with 229 female nurses from two selected tertiary hospitals in Bangladesh...
April 28, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446247/difference-in-oxidative-stress-tolerance-between-rice-cultivars-estimated-with-chlorophyll-fluorescence-analysis
#5
Ichiro Kasajima
BACKGROUND: Oxidative stress is considered to be involved in growth retardation of plants when they are exposed to a variety of biotic and abiotic stresses. Despite its potential importance in improving crop production, comparative studies on oxidative stress tolerance between rice (Oryza sativa L.) cultivars are limited. This work describes the difference in term of oxidative stress tolerance between 72 rice cultivars. METHODS: 72 rice cultivars grown under naturally lit greenhouse were used in this study...
April 26, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446246/the-role-of-rk39-serologic-test-in-the-diagnosis-of-visceral-leishmaniasis-in-a-tertiary-hospital-northern-ethiopia
#6
Yazezew Kebede Kiros, Bethlhem Feleke Regassa
BACKGROUND: The study is done in Ayder Referral Hospital in Northern Ethiopia. Ethiopia is one of the countries where visceral leishmaniasis (VL) is endemic. Diagnosis of VL in Ethiopia is primarily based on rK39 immunochromatographic (rk39-ICT) strip. This test has been shown to have variable sensitivity and specificity in different countries. Hence the objective of the study is to determine the sensitivity and specificity of rk39-ICT in the diagnosis of VL in our set up. The study participants were VL suspected patients admitted to the hospital...
April 26, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446211/spontaneous-migraine-attack-causes-alterations-in-default-mode-network-connectivity-a-resting-state-fmri-case-report
#7
Andrea Edit Edes, Lajos Rudolf Kozak, Mate Magyar, Terezia Zsombok, Gyongyi Kokonyei, Gyorgy Bagdy, Gabriella Juhasz
BACKGROUND: Although migraine is one of the most investigated neurologic disorders, we do not have a perfect neuroimaging biomarker for its pathophysiology. One option to improve our knowledge is to study resting-state functional connectivity in and out of headache pain. However, our understanding of the functional connectivity changes during spontaneous migraine attack is partial and incomplete. CASE PRESENTATION: Using resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging we assessed a 24-year old woman affected by migraine without aura at two different times: during a spontaneous migraine attack and in interictal phase...
April 26, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446210/cognitive-changes-in-alcohol-induced-psychotic-disorder
#8
Melany L Hendricks, R A Emsley, D G Nel, H B Thornton, G P Jordaan
AIMS: This study aimed to explore the neuro-cognitive deficits of alcohol-induced psychotic disorder as compared to the cognitive deficits of uncomplicated alcohol dependence. METHODS: Participants were recruited from the acute psychiatric admission wards of the Department of Psychiatry, University of Stellenbosch and Stikland and Tygerberg Academic Hospitals in the Western-Cape, South Africa. Participants who met DSM IV TR criteria (American Psychiatric Association...
April 26, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446201/anticonvulsant-effects-of-antiaris-toxicaria-aqueous-extract-investigation-using-animal-models-of-temporal-lobe-epilepsy
#9
Priscilla Kolibea Mante, Donatus Wewura Adongo, Eric Woode
BACKGROUND: Antiaris toxicaria has previously shown anticonvulsant activity in acute animal models of epilepsy. The aqueous extract (AAE) was further investigated for activity in kindling with pentylenetetrazole and administration of pilocarpine and kainic acid which mimic temporal lobe epilepsy in various animal species. RESULTS: ICR mice and Sprague-Dawley rats were pre-treated with AAE (200-800 mg kg(-1)) and convulsive episodes induced using pentylenetetrazole, pilocarpine and kainic acid...
April 26, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441972/efficacy-of-olmesartan-amlodipine-in-colombian-hypertensive-patients-soat-study
#10
Richard Buendia, Monica Zambrano
BACKGROUND: Emerging evidence has shown a significant deficit in the control of hypertension (blood pressure <140/90 mmHg) among Hispanics or Latinos in about 65%. This study aims to determine the efficacy of the combination in fixed doses of olmesartan and amlodipine (20/5, 40/5, and 40/10 mg) in hypertensive patients treated in daily clinical practice by Colombian doctors. METHODS: This was an observational, retrospective, open-label, multi-center, non-comparative study...
April 26, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441968/anaemia-control-and-the-interpretation-of-biochemical-tests-for-iron-status-in-children
#11
Thando P Gwetu, Meera K Chhagan, Myra Taylor, Shuaib Kauchali, Murray Craib
BACKGROUND: Anaemia is one of the world's most prevalent child health problems. Its control in Africa and other developing nations has been hindered by uncertainty regarding its cause. Anaemia control has been particularly problematic in regions where the non-iron deficiency causes of anaemia, are projected to be substantial. The implementation of effective interventions to reduce the anaemia prevalence, requires improved documentation on iron status and other causes of anaemia for target populations...
April 26, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438221/isolated-splenic-tuberculosis-with-subsequent-paradoxical-deterioration-a-case-report
#12
Frederick Wangai, Loice Achieng, George Otieno, Jacqueline Njoroge, Tabitha Wambaire, Jamilla Rajab
BACKGROUND: Isolated tuberculosis of the spleen has been described occasionally in literature, mostly in immunosuppressed individuals with various risk factors. Sequestration in the spleen makes such Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection difficult to diagnose. This report describes an extremely rare case of isolated splenic tuberculosis in an immunocompetent individual. CASE PRESENTATION: A 26 year old Kenyan male presented with pyrexia of unknown origin, with negative screening tests for bacterial, fungal and parasitic infections...
April 24, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427474/assessment-of-surgical-antimicrobial-prophylaxis-in-orthopaedics-and-traumatology-surgical-unit-of-a-tertiary-care-teaching-hospital-in-addis-ababa
#13
Nitsuh Alemayehu Argaw, Kibruyisfawe Zewdie Shumbash, Alemseged Ayele Asfaw, Segewkal Hawaze
BACKGROUND: Prophylactic antimicrobials have a starring role in prevention of surgical site infection. This study assesses the practice of surgical antimicrobial prophylaxis (SAP) and development of surgical site infection (SSI) based on patient chart review in patients who underwent surgery in the Orthopaedics and Traumatology Surgical Unit of Tikur Anbesa Specialized Hospital (TASH). RESULTS: Majority of the patients 144 (72%) were males. 108 (54%) of the surgical wounds were clean and 63 (31%) were clean contaminated...
April 20, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427449/urolithiasis-analysis-in-a-multiethnic-population-at-a-tertiary-hospital-in-nairobi-kenya
#14
Francis K Wathigo, Alfred Hayombe, Daniel Maina
BACKGROUND: Urolithiasis is a global problem whose incidence is reported to be on the rise across the world. Previously, urolithiasis was reported as being rare among the indigenous African population but recent data suggest otherwise. This study reviewed the demographic and clinical characteristics of patients with urolithiasis seen at the Aga Khan University hospital Nairobi (AKUHN) as well as the chemical composition of the stones and the modalities of therapy used. METHODS: This was a retrospective study which utilized patients' clinical and laboratory records from 2013 to 2014...
April 20, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427441/physical-activity-among-children-objective-measurements-using-fitbit-one-%C3%A2-and-actigraph
#15
Lotta Hamari, Tiina Kullberg, Jukka Ruohonen, Olli J Heinonen, Natalia Díaz-Rodríguez, Johan Lilius, Anni Pakarinen, Annukka Myllymäki, Ville Leppänen, Sanna Salanterä
BACKGROUND: Self-quantification of health parameters is becoming more popular; thus, the validity of the devices requires assessments. The aim of this study was to evaluate the validity of Fitbit One step counts (Fitbit Inc., San Francisco, CA, USA) against Actigraph wActisleep-BT step counts (ActiGraph, LLC, Pensacola, FL, USA) for measuring habitual physical activity among children. DESIGN: The study was implemented as a cross-sectional experimental design in which participants carried two waist-worn activity monitors for five consecutive days...
April 20, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427430/profile-and-professional-expectations-of-medical-students-from-11-latin-american-countries-the-red-lirhus-project
#16
Percy Mayta-Tristán, Reneé Pereyra-Elías, Juan José Montenegro-Idrogo, Christian R Mejia, Fiorella Inga-Berrospi, Edward Mezones-Holguín
BACKGROUND: Latin America is undergoing a human resource crisis in health care in terms of labor shortage, misdistribution and poor orientation to primary care. Workforce data are needed to inform the planning of long-term strategies to address this problem. This study aimed to evaluate the academic and motivational profile, as well as the professional expectations, of Latin American medical students. RESULTS: We conducted an observational, cross-sectional, multi-country study evaluating medical students from 11 Spanish-speaking countries in 2011-2012...
April 20, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420410/ethnopharmacologic-survey-of-medicinal-plants-used-to-treat-human-diseases-by-traditional-medical-practitioners-in-dega-damot-district-amhara-northwestern-ethiopia
#17
Muluken Wubetu, Tefera Abula, Getye Dejenu
BACKGROUND: One of the services that plants provide for human beings is their wider medicinal application. Although it is not fully assessed, the practice and wider use of traditional medicine is frequent in Ethiopia. Studies conducted previously are confined to the perceptions of modern and traditional health practitioners about traditional medicine. A total of 45 informants were selected purposefully from the study area. For collecting the data, semi-structured interviewees, observation and field walks were employed from August 10 to September 30/2014...
April 18, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420409/assessing-the-status-of-iodine-deficiency-disorder-idd-and-associated-factors-in-wolaita-and-dawro-zones-school-adolescents-southern-ethiopia
#18
Shimelash Bitew Workie, Yemane Gebremariam Abebe, Amha Admasie Gelaye, Tefera Chane Mekonen
BACKGROUND: Iodine deficiency is the major preventable cause of irreversible mental retardation in the world. Ethiopia is a country with high prevalence of iodine deficiency disorders which continue to affect a large number of the country's population. The aim of the study was to assess the prevalence of iodine deficiency disorder in Wolaita and Dawuro zones. METHODS: A descriptive, cross-sectional study was conducted in high school and preparatory students in Wolaita and Dawuro zones between April and May 2012...
April 18, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403891/foley-catheter-for-cervical-priming-in-induction-of-labour-at-university-obstetrics-unit-colombo-sri-lanka-a-clinical-audit-with-a-patient-satisfaction-survey
#19
M Patabendige, A Jayawardane
BACKGROUND: Intracervical insertion of a Foley catheter (FC) has shown to be a safe, effective and relatively feasible mechanical method of cervical priming in induction of labour (IOL). We evaluated indications, effectiveness, patient acceptability and outcomes of FC use in IOL adhering to the ward protocol in our unit. METHODS: A clinical audit with a patient satisfaction survey conducted between July and September 2013 in University Obstetric Unit, Colombo, Sri Lanka...
April 12, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399918/quality-of-death-notification-forms-in-north-west-bank-palestine-a-descriptive-study
#20
Jamal A S Qaddumi, Zaher Nazzal, Allam R S Yacoup, Mahmoud Mansour
BACKGROUND: The death notification forms (DNFs) are important documents. Thus, inability to fill it properly by physicians will affect the national mortality report and, consequently, the evidence-based decision making. The errors in filling DNFs are common all over the world and are different in types and causes. We aimed to evaluate the quality of DNFs in terms of completeness and types of errors in the cause of death section. METHODS: A descriptive study was conducted to review 2707 DNFs in North West Bank/Palestine during the year 2012 using data abstraction sheets...
April 11, 2017: BMC Research Notes
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