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BMC Research Notes

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30413190/nutritional-status-and-correlation-with-academic-performance-among-primary-school-children-northwest-ethiopia
#1
Biachew Asmare, Mekuanint Taddele, Sileshi Berihun, Fasil Wagnew
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine the association between nutritional status and academic performance among primary school children in Debre Markos Town, northwest Ethiopia, 2017. RESULTS: The prevalence of stunting, underweight and wasting were 27.5% (95% CI 23.2-31.9%), 20.4% (95% CI 16.5-24.3%) and 8.7% (95% CI 6.2-11.5%), correspondingly. The low level of educational performance was significantly higher (p < 0.05) among the stunted, underweight and wasted children than that of the normal children...
November 9, 2018: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30409229/vitamin-d-levels-in-a-pediatric-population-of-a-primary-care-centre-a-public-health-problem
#2
J M Fernández Bustillo, A Fernández Pombo, R Gómez Bahamonde, E Sanmartín López, O Gualillo
OBJECTIVE: Vitamin D deficiency is a public health problem that occurs more frequently than expected. The aim of this study is to evaluate the vitamin D levels of children attending the paediatrics unit of the Bertamiráns primary care centre (A Coruña NW Spain). This is an observational study carried out during 1 year on a random sample of the pediatric population aged between 5 and 15 years. The levels of vitamin D (25(OH)D) were determined by immunoassay (ADVIA Centaur Vitamin D® )...
November 8, 2018: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30409220/detection-of-an-amplification-bias-associated-to-leuconostocaceae-family-with-a-universal-primer-routinely-used-for-monitoring-microbial-community-structures-within-food-products
#3
Simon Poirier, Olivier Rué, Gwendoline Coeuret, Marie-Christine Champomier-Vergès, Valentin Loux, Stéphane Chaillou
OBJECTIVES: Sequencing of 16S rDNA V3-V4 region is widely applied for food community profiling. However, two different universal forward primers (named here MUYZER-primer1 and KLINDWORTH-primer2) targeting an identical conservative sequence upstream of the V3 region of 16S rRNA gene, and only distinguished by a single mismatch are both used. This study was carried out to compare whether the accuracy of food microbiota analysis would depend on the choice of one of these two primers. RESULTS: Alignment of both primers with common food-borne bacteria 16S sequences revealed that the mismatch between both primers might specifically affect the amplification of Leuconostoc, Oenococcus and Fructobacillus species but not Weissella species...
November 8, 2018: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30409208/correction-to-prevalence-antimicrobial-susceptibility-profile-and-predictors-of-asymptomatic-bacteriuria-among-pregnant-women-in-adigrat-general-hospital-northern-ethiopia
#4
Senait Tadesse, Tsega Kahsay, Gebre Adhanom, Getachew Kahsu, Haftom Legese, Aderajew G/Wahid, Awoke Derbie
Following publication of the original article [1], the authors reported that one of the authors' names was spelled incorrectly. In this Correction the incorrect and correct author name are shown. The original publication of this article has been corrected.
November 8, 2018: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30409206/bacterial-profile-antibiotic-susceptibility-pattern-and-associated-factors-among-pregnant-women-with-urinary-tract-infection-in-goba-and-sinana-woredas-bale-zone-southeast-ethiopia
#5
Solomon Taye, Motuma Getachew, Zelalem Desalegn, Abera Biratu, Khan Mubashir
OBJECTIVE: Urinary tract infection (UTI) is one of the commonest infections affecting millions worldwide, especially pregnant women. It can lead to poor maternal and perinatal outcomes. Untreated UTI can be associated with serious obstetric complications. So the objective of present study was to determine the bacterial profile, antibiotic susceptibility pattern and associated factors of UTI among pregnant women in Goba and Sinana Woredas, Bale Zone, Southeast Ethiopia. RESULTS: The overall prevalence of UTI was 44/169 (26%) with 18/51 (35...
November 8, 2018: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30409158/sero-prevalence-and-associated-risk-factors-of-brucellosis-among-malaria-negative-febrile-out-patients-in-wakiso-district-central-uganda
#6
Samuel Majalija, Patrick Luyombo, Gabriel Tumwine
OBJECTIVE: Brucellosis is a zoonotic disease usually acquired through direct contact with the infected animals and consumption of contaminated milk and meat products. In humans Brucellosis presents similar signs with other febrile diseases like Malaria, typhoid and other febrile conditions. This study was carried out to determine the prevalence of Brucella abortus among patients with fever but were negative for Malaria. RESULTS: A cross-sectional study was carried out in Namayumba Health Centre IV, Wakiso district involving 200 participants...
November 8, 2018: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30409148/self-care-practices-and-associated-factors-among-diabetes-patients-attending-the-outpatient-department-in-bahir-dar-northwest-ethiopia
#7
Teshager Weldegiorgis Abate, Minale Tareke, Mulat Tirfie
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess diabetes self-care practice and associated factors among diabetes patients attending Felege-Hiwot Referral Hospital, Bahir Dar, Northwest Ethiopia. RESULT: Prevalence of desirable self-care behaviors toward Diabetes Mellitus was 28.4% (95% CI 24.0-32.7%). There were significant association between the combined treatment modality of tablet with insulin (AOR: 2.72; 95% CI 1.01, 7.40), primary and secondary education level (AOR: 4...
November 8, 2018: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30409146/larvivorous-potentiality-of-puntius-tetrazona-and-hyphessobrycon-rosaceus-against-culex-vishnui-subgroup-in-laboratory-and-field-based-bioassay
#8
Mousumi Barik, Indranil Bhattacharjee, Anupam Ghosh, Goutam Chandra
OBJECTIVES: This study assessed the predatory potentiality of two unexplored fishes, Puntius tetrazona and Hyphessobrycon rosaceus on Culex vishnui subgroup larvae in order to utilize natural resources to diminish mosquito population. Larval feeding rate was evaluated in laboratory under varying prey density and volume of water. The experiment was extended to semi field condition. RESULTS: Puntius tetrazona and H. rosaceus consumed from 66 to 600 and from 87 to 718 Cx...
November 8, 2018: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30404659/interprofessional-palliative-care-education-for-pediatric-oncology-clinicians-an-evidence-based-practice-review
#9
Sarah B Green, Adelais Markaki
OBJECTIVE: Clinician education and expertise in palliative care varies widely across pediatric oncology programs. The purpose of this evidence-based practice review was to identify interprofessional palliative care education models applicable to pediatric oncology settings as well as methods for evaluating their impact on clinical practice. RESULTS: Based on a literature search in PubMed, CINAHL and Embase, which identified 13 articles meeting inclusion/exclusion criteria, the following three themes emerged: (1) establishment of effective modalities and teaching strategies, (2) development of an interprofessional palliative care curriculum, and (3) program evaluation to assess impact on providers' self-perceived comfort in delivering palliative care and patient/family perceptions of care received...
November 7, 2018: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30400996/predominance-of-brucella-abortus-antibodies-among-women-with-spontaneous-abortion-in-the-city-of-mwanza-unrecognized-link-or-coincidence
#10
Fridolin Mujuni, Venance Andrew, Elifuraha B Mngumi, Elieza Chibwe, Stephen E Mshana, Mariam M Mirambo
OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the association of Brucella seropositivity and spontaneous abortions in human population in the city of Mwanza, Tanzania. RESULTS: A comparative cross sectional study which used 148 sera from women with spontaneous abortion and 250 sera from full-term delivered women was conducted in July 2017. Detection of Brucella abortus and Brucella melitensis antibodies was done using slide agglutination test. Data were analyzed using STATA version 13 software...
November 6, 2018: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30400994/the-impact-of-social-support-on-the-health-related-quality-of-life-of-adult-patients-with-tuberculosis-in-harare-zimbabwe-a-cross-sectional-survey
#11
Calvin Zarova, Matthew Chiwaridzo, Catherine Tadyanemhandu, Debra Machando, Jermaine M Dambi
OBJECTIVE: Tuberculosis (TB) is the second prime cause of mortality in Sub-Saharan Africa and remains a major worldwide public health problem. Unfortunately, patients with TB are at risk of poor mental health. However, patients who receive an adequate amount of social support are likely to have improved health outcomes. The study was done to establish how social support influences the health-related quality of life (HRQoL) of patients with TB in Harare, Zimbabwe. Data were collected from 332 TB patients and were analysed through structural equation modelling...
November 6, 2018: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30400980/prevalence-and-antimicrobial-susceptibility-pattern-of-enterococcus-species-isolated-from-different-clinical-samples-at-black-lion-specialized-teaching-hospital-addis-ababa-ethiopia
#12
Zelalem Tena Ferede, Kassu Desta Tullu, Solomon Gizaw Derese, Addisu Gize Yeshanew
OBJECTIVE: Enterococci which are parts of the normal intestinal flora are opportunistic human pathogens. Their increasing importance is largely due to their resistance to antimicrobials. So the aim this study was to determine the prevalence and antimicrobial pattern of Enterococcus spp. RESULT: From the total of 422 samples processed, 15 Enterococcus species were isolated. In this study, linezolid were the drug of choice for Enterococcus species, which showed 100% sensitive followed by vancomycin 93...
November 6, 2018: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30400979/prevalence-of-nasal-colonization-by-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-in-outpatients-living-with-hiv-aids-in-a-referential-hospital-of-the-northeast-of-brazil
#13
Cynthia Regina Pedrosa Soares, Celso Rodrigues de Lira, Maximiliano Alexandre H Cunha, Valter Romão de Souza Junior, Fábio Lopes de Melo, Paulo Sergio Ramos de Araújo, Maria Amélia Vieira Maciel
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to investigate the prevalence of MRSA among people living with HIV/AIDS (PLHA) being monitored in a tertiary outpatient hospital in the state of Pernambuco, in the Brazilian Northeast. RESULTS: Staphylococcus aureus was isolated from a nasal swab and found in 31.4% of the individuals (95% CI 27.3-35.5), of whom 4.4% (95% CI 8.5-19.5) were MRSA, as confirmed by the presence of the mecA gene. For individuals whose S. aureus was recovered, the mean age was 41...
November 6, 2018: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30400961/the-association-of-18-f-fdg-pet-ct-and-biomarkers-in-confirming-coronary-microvascular-dysfunction
#14
Henry Anselmo Mayala, Khamis Hassan Bakari, Abdalah Mkangala, Mafuru Magesa, Fabian Pius Mghanga, Wang ZhaoHui
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the association between PET/CT CFR and biomarkers combined in confirming the diagnosis of coronary microvascular dysfunction. RESULTS: A total of 28 patients (21 males and 7 females) were included in this descriptive observational study (both qualitative and quantitative). The mean patient age was 55.50 ± 10.21 years (range 27-70 years) and the median was 56.5 years (range 49-63 years). All patients underwent Echo, CAG and PET/CT scan...
November 6, 2018: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30390715/a-comparison-of-techniques-to-address-the-frequency-of-helicobacter-pylori-positive-dyspeptic-patient
#15
Priyatam Khadka, Ganesh Chapagain, Govinda Maharjan, Prakash Paudyal
OBJECTIVES: The study was aimed to compare the diagnostic techniques, for the detection of Helicobacter pylori infection, available in low-income countries, where molecular testing is not available or inaccessible to anyone. RESULTS: Of total enrolled patient, with the mean age of 41.4 ± 13.33 years, 24 (14 female; 10 male) were diagnosed to have been infected. The diagnosis was established based upon the gold standard test [either two of three tests: Rapid Urease Test (RUT), culture and histological examinations]...
November 3, 2018: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30390712/adaptation-and-validation-of-the-cyprus-version-of-the-practice-environment-scale-of-the-nursing-work-index-a-methodological-study
#16
Georgios Efstathiou, Christos Andreou, Haritini Tsangari, Maria Dimitriadou, Evridiki Papastavrou
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to adapt and validate the Revised Practice Environment Scale of the Nursing Work Index, to be utilized among the Cyprus nurses' population. Validated research scales are valuable tools in the hands of researchers in their attempt to recommend alterations within health care systems, especially during reform periods. RESULTS: Internal consistency reliability of the scale was satisfactory (alpha = 0.94). Exploratory factor analysis produced a five-factor structure solution...
November 3, 2018: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30390703/development-and-conduction-of-an-active-re-implementation-of-the-norwegian-musculoskeletal-guidelines
#17
Ann Mari Gransjøen, Siri Wiig, Kristin Bakke Lysdahl, Bjørn Morten Hofmann
OBJECTIVE: Significant geographical variations in the use of diagnostic imaging have been demonstrated in Norway and elsewhere. Non-traumatic musculoskeletal conditions is one area where this has been demonstrated. A national musculoskeletal guideline was implemented in response by online publishing and postal dissemination in Norway in 2014 by national policy makers. The objective of our study was to develop and conduct an intervention as an active re-implementation of this guideline in one Norwegian county to investigate and facilitate guideline adherence...
November 3, 2018: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30390699/the-effect-of-breakfast-with-different-macronutrient-composition-on-pyy-ghrelin-and-ad-libitum-intake-4-h-after-breakfast-in-indonesian-obese-women
#18
Fiastuti Witjaksono, Widjaja Lukito, Andi Wijaya, Nagita Gianty Annisa, Joan Jutamulia, Fariz Nurwidya, Marcellus Simadibrata
OBJECTIVES: Gut hormones, such as PYY and ghrelin, are associated with appetite control and obesity. Protein is thought to be the most satiating nutrient and could affect the production of several gut hormones. The purpose of the current study was to find the effect of breakfast with different protein composition on PYY, ghrelin, and ad libitum intake 4 h after breakfast. RESULTS: This clinical trial involves 22 obese women participants. Subjects were given three types of breakfast: low protein consumption (12...
November 3, 2018: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30390697/complete-blood-count-data-and-leukocyte-expression-of-cytokine-genes-and-cytokine-receptor-genes-associated-with-bovine-respiratory-disease-in-calves
#19
Amanda K Lindholm-Perry, Larry A Kuehn, Tara G McDaneld, Jeremy R Miles, Aspen M Workman, Carol G Chitko-McKown, John W Keele
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate potential relationships between cytokine gene expression, complete blood counts (CBC) and animals that were sick or would become sick. The CBC and the transcript abundance of cytokines and their receptors expressed in leukocytes were measured from calves at two early timepoints, and again after diagnosis with bovine respiratory disease (BRD). RESULTS: Blood was collected from calves at pre-conditioning (n = 796) and weaning (n = 791) for CBC...
November 3, 2018: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30390693/magnitude-of-malnutrition-and-associated-factors-among-hiv-infected-children-attending-hiv-care-in-three-public-hospitals-in-east-and-west-gojjam-zones-amhara-northwest-ethiopia-2017-a-cross-sectional-study
#20
Yihenew Sewale, Getachew Hailu, Mizinew Sintayehu, Nurilign Abebe Moges, Animut Alebel
OBJECTIVE: The main aim of this study was to assess the magnitude of malnutrition and associated factors among HIV infected children in Amhara Regional State, and Northwest Ethiopia. This study is a result of single observation. RESULTS: A total of 372 study participant were interviewed, of which 60.2%, 95% CI (55.90-65.60) were malnourished. Children who had good individual dietary diversity were 53% times less likely malnourished as compared to children who had fair/poor dietary diversity (AOR = 0...
November 3, 2018: BMC Research Notes
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