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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728611/effect-of-electrode-position-of-low-intensity-neuromuscular-electrical-stimulation-on-the-evoked-force-in-the-quadriceps-femoris-muscle
#1
Kohei Watanabe, Shuhei Kawade, Toshio Moritani
OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed to test the effect of the electrode position and inter-electrode distance on the evoked force by neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) with a low current intensity and a single pair of electrodes. Knee extensor forces during NMES to quadriceps femoris muscles were compared among four different electrode configurations in seven healthy men. Electrodes were located at 10 cm proximal and 15 cm distal (P10-D15), 10 cm proximal and 10 cm distal (P10-D10), 5 cm proximal and 15 cm distal, and 5 cm proximal and 10 cm distal (P5-D10) to the center of the longitudinal axis of the quadriceps femoris muscles...
July 20, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728600/comparison-of-the-polyphenolic-profile-and-antibacterial-activity-of-the-leaves-fruits-and-flowers-of-rhododendron-ambiguum-and-rhododendron-cinnabarinum
#2
Abhinandan Shrestha, Ahmed Rezk, Inamullah Hakeem Said, Victoria von Glasenapp, Rachelle Smith, Matthias S Ullrich, Hartwig Schepker, Nikolai Kuhnert
BACKGROUND: Rhododendron species have been traditionally used in countries like China, Nepal, Russia and North America for treating human diseases. These species are known to be a good source of polyphenolic plant secondary plant metabolites. They are known to have beneficial health properties for humans and have been used to treat diseases like asthma, skin diseases. In this contribution we investigate the phenolic profile and antibacterial activity of extracts from several plant organs including for the first time from leaves of different development stages...
July 20, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728592/examination-of-the-gait-pattern-based-on-adjusting-and-resulting-components-of-the-stride-to-stride-variability-proof-of-concept
#3
U Laessoe, N M B Jensen, P Madeleine
BACKGROUND: Stride-to-stride variability may be used as an indicator in the assessment of gait performance, but the evaluation of this parameter is not trivial. In the gait pattern, a deviation in one stride must be corrected within the next strides (elemental variables) to ensure a steady gait (performance variable). The variance in these elemental and performance variables may therefore be evaluated as adjusting and resulting components of variability. We explored this approach to gait evaluation by matching the velocity of one stride to a subsequent stride with four different time lags ranging from 0...
July 20, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728591/antimicrobial-susceptibility-pattern-of-clinical-isolates-of-burkholderia-pseudomallei-in-bangladesh
#4
Subarna Dutta, Sabah Haq, Mohammad Rokibul Hasan, Jalaluddin Ashraful Haq
BACKGROUND: Melioidosis an infectious disease, caused by a Gram negative bacterium called Burkholderia pseudomallei, is endemic in Bangladesh. This organism is sensitive to limited number of antimicrobial agents and need prolonged treatment. There is no comprehensive data on the antimicrobial susceptibility profile of B. pseudomallei isolated in Bangladesh over last several years. The present study aimed to determine the antimicrobial susceptibility pattern of B. pseudomallei isolated in a tertiary care hospital of Dhaka city from 2009 to 2015...
July 20, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728566/genomic-fingerprints-of-escherichia-coli-strains-isolated-from-surface-water-in-alborz-province-iran
#5
Reza Ranjbar, Parichehr Pezeshknejad, Faham Khamesipour, Kiumars Amini, Roohollah Kheiri
BACKGROUND: Consistent use of suitable diagnostic methods is essential to evaluate the genomic diversity of E. coli strains. Advance of efficient methods to discriminate the causes of E. coli in aquatic environments is important. This study aimed to describe the strain diversity of an E. coli population retrieved from surface water. METHODS: One hundred water samples were drawn within a period of 1 year, from May 2012 to May 2013, and E. coli bacteria have been isolated from water samples...
July 20, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728564/comparison-of-the-protein-coding-genomes-of-three-deep-sea-sulfur-oxidising-bacteria-candidatus-ruthia-magnifica-candidatus-vesicomyosocius-okutanii-and-thiomicrospira-crunogena
#6
Susan E McGill, Daniel Barker
OBJECTIVE: " Candidatus Ruthia magnifica", "Candidatus Vesicomyosocius okutanii" and Thiomicrospira crunogena are all sulfur-oxidising bacteria found in deep-sea vent environments. Recent research suggests that the two symbiotic organisms, "Candidatus R. magnifica" and "Candidatus V. okutanii", may share common ancestry with the autonomously living species T. crunogena. We used comparative genomics to examine the genome-wide protein-coding content of all three species to explore their similarities...
July 20, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724447/blood-donation-practice-and-its-associated-factors-among-health-professionals-of-university-of-gondar-hospital-northwest-ethiopia-a-cross-sectional-study
#7
Getachew Arage, Seada Ibrahim, Endeshaw Adimasu
BACKGROUND: Blood donation has remained a challenge in developing countries, like Ethiopia. In Ethiopia there is a high reliance on family surrogate and waged blood donors which carries an attendant increased risk of transfusion transmissible infection. Health workers are expected to practice blood donation so as to create a good image to the public. A study on blood donation behavior may improve successful implementation of the blood donation programs. METHODS: An institution based cross-sectional study was deployed from January to June 2015...
July 19, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716156/generic-atorvastatin-is-as-effective-as-the-brand-name-drug-lipitor-%C3%A2-in-lowering-cholesterol-levels-a-cross-sectional-retrospective-cohort-study
#8
Alexander Loch, Jan Philipp Bewersdorf, Daniel Kofink, Dzafir Ismail, Imran Zainal Abidin, Ramesh Singh Veriah
BACKGROUND: In a world of ever increasing health care costs, generic drugs represent a major opportunity to ensure access to essential medicines for people who otherwise would be unable to afford them. However, some clinicians and patients are still questioning the safety and effectiveness of generic formulations compared to the proprietary drugs necessitating further systematic research analyzing the generic drugs' efficacy. Our objective was to compare the lipid lowering effects of generic and branded atorvastatin...
July 17, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716138/prevalence-of-enteric-infections-among-hospitalized-patients-in-two-referral-hospitals-in-ghana
#9
R Akuffo, G Armah, M Clemens, K C Kronmann, A H Jones, P Agbenohevi, K Sagoe, N Puplampu, N Talla Nzussouo, W Ampofo, K Koram, C Duplessis, E Dueger
BACKGROUND: Diarrhea is an important cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. In Africa and Ghana in particular, it is estimated to contribute directly to 19 and 25% of pediatric mortality among children under 5 years, respectively. METHODS: Surveillance for hospitalized acute diarrheal illness was initiated in November 2010 through October 2012 in a referral hospital in southern Ghana, and a teaching hospital in northern Ghana. Consenting hospitalized patients who met a standardized case definition for acute diarrheal illness provided demographic and epidemiologic data...
July 17, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716128/tobacco-dependence-among-people-with-mental-illness-a-facility-based-cross-sectional-study-from-southwest-ethiopia
#10
Zemenay Molla, Lamesa Dube, Wolfgang Krahl, Matiwos Soboka
BACKGROUND: Tobacco smoking is a health care issue in developed as well as in developing countries. Tobacco smoking among people with mental illness is significantly higher than in the general population. Tobacco smoking has negative effects on physical, mental and financial well-being of people with mental illness but little is known about tobacco dependence among mental health service users in sub-Saharan African countries, including Ethiopia. Therefore, this study attempted to assess the prevalence of tobacco dependence and associated factors among mental health service users at Jimma University teaching hospital...
July 17, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716116/catching-and-monitoring-clinical-innovation-through-performance-indicators-the-case-of-the-breast-conserving-surgery-indicator
#11
Anna Maria Murante, Silvio Candelori, Paola Rucci, Sabina Nuti, Manuela Roncella, Matteo Ghilli, Andrea Mercatelli, Maria Pia Fantini
BACKGROUND: The evolution in the surgical and diagnostic procedures, the attention to women's preferences, the case mix, and differences in professional practices may lead to a variability in the quality of breast cancer clinical pathway. To catch and manage this variability it is important to use valid measures. The aim of this paper is to examine the concurrent validity of the breast-conserving surgery (BCS) indicator and to provide evidence to guide the quality improvement process...
July 17, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716110/phylogenic-analysis-of-human-bocavirus-detected-in-children-with-acute-respiratory-infection-in-yaounde-cameroon
#12
Sebastien Kenmoe, Marie-Astrid Vernet, Mohamadou Njankouo-Ripa, Véronique Beng Penlap, Astrid Vabret, Richard Njouom
OBJECTIVE: Human Bocavirus (HBoV) was first identified in 2005 and has been shown to be a common cause of respiratory infections and gastroenteritis in children. In a recent study, we found that 10.7% of children with acute respiratory infections (ARI) were infected by HBoV. Genetic characterization of this virus remains unknown in Central Africa, particularly in Cameroon Leeding us to evaluate the molecular characteristics of HBoV strains in Cameroonian children with ARI. RESULTS: Phylogenetic analysis of partial HBoV VP1/2 sequences showed a low level of nucleotide variation and the circulation of HBoV genotype 1 (HBoV-1) only...
July 17, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716067/molecular-characterization-of-group-a-rotaviruses-in-mukuru-slums-kenya-detection-of-novel-strains-circulating-in-children-below-5%C3%A2-years-of-age
#13
Joshua Ndung'u Gikonyo, James Nyangao, Cecilia Mbae, Carlene Sang, Eliud Njagi, Joseph Ngeranwa, Mathew Esona, Mapaseka L Seheri, Grace W Gitau, Kedra Raini, Samuel Kariuki
BACKGROUND: Gastroenteritis is a public health concern due to high morbidity and mortality among children. Rotaviruses are the leading etiological agents of severe gastroenteritis in children and accounts for more than half a million deaths per year in Africa. The study aimed at investigating the rotavirus genotypes that were circulating in children aged 5 years and below in and around Mukuru slums in Nairobi County Kenya. METHODS: A purposive cross sectional sampling method was applied where 166 samples were collected from children below 5 years of age and taken to Kenya Medical Research Institute virology laboratory...
July 17, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709467/amitriptyline-induced-ventricular-tachycardia-a-case-report
#14
Khandker Mohammad Nurus Sabah, Abdul Wadud Chowdhury, Mohammad Shahidul Islam, Bishnu Pada Saha, Syed Rezwan Kabir, Shamima Kawser
BACKGROUND: In Bangladesh, each emergency physician faces amitriptyline overdose nearly a day. An acute cardiovascular complication, one of the worst complications is mainly responsible for the mortality in tricyclic overdose. Recently, we managed ventricular tachycardia in a young female presented with an impaired consciousness 10 h after intentionally ingesting 2500 mg amitriptyline. Here, we report it, discuss how the electrocardiography is vital to acknowledge and predict it and its' complications and also the recent update of the management of it...
July 14, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709459/association-of-lipocalin-2-level-glycemic-status-and-obesity-in-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#15
Areej E Elkhidir, Halima B Eltaher, Abdelrahim O Mohamed
BACKGROUND: Management of type 2 diabetes mellitus aims to maintain a normal glycemic status, which if not, it may lead to acute and/or chronic diabetic complications. Earlier studies found Lipocalin-2 elevated in complications associated with type 2 diabetes mellitus such as ischemic heart disease. These lipocalin-2 changes had been linked to obesity and uncontrolled diabetes. So, it could be useful to understand the effect of glycemic control and obesity on lipocalin-2. METHODS: This was a case control study...
July 14, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705260/identifying-behavioural-determinants-for-interventions-to-increase-handwashing-practices-among-primary-school-children-in-rural-burundi-and-urban-zimbabwe
#16
Elisabeth Seimetz, Jurgita Slekiene, Max N D Friedrich, Hans-Joachim Mosler
BACKGROUND: This article presents the development of a school handwashing programme in two different sub-Saharan countries that applies the RANAS (risk, attitudes, norms, ability, and self-regulation) systematic approach to behaviour change. METHODS: Interviews were conducted with 669 children enrolled in 20 primary schools in Burundi and 524 children in 20 primary schools in Zimbabwe. Regression analyses were used to assess the influence of the RANAS behavioural determinants on reported handwashing frequencies...
July 14, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705246/effects-of-additional-team-based-learning-on-students-clinical-reasoning-skills-a-pilot-study
#17
Meike Jost, Peter Brüstle, Marianne Giesler, Michel Rijntjes, Jochen Brich
BACKGROUND: In the field of Neurology good clinical reasoning skills are essential for successful diagnosing and treatment. Team-based learning (TBL), an active learning and small group instructional strategy, is a promising method for fostering these skills. The aim of this pilot study was to examine the effects of a supplementary TBL-class on students' clinical decision-making skills. METHODS: Fourth- and fifth-year medical students participated in this pilot study (static-group comparison design)...
July 14, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705240/a-rule-based-electronic-phenotyping-algorithm-for-detecting-clinically-relevant-cardiovascular-disease-cases
#18
Santiago Esteban, Manuel Rodríguez Tablado, Ricardo Ignacio Ricci, Sergio Terrasa, Karin Kopitowski
BACKGROUND: The implementation of electronic medical records (EMR) is becoming increasingly common. Error and data loss reduction, patient-care efficiency increase, decision-making assistance and facilitation of event surveillance, are some of the many processes that EMRs help improve. In addition, they show a lot of promise in terms of data collection to facilitate observational epidemiological studies and their use for this purpose has increased significantly over the recent years...
July 14, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705239/nap-the-network-analysis-profiler-a-web-tool-for-easier-topological-analysis-and-comparison-of-medium-scale-biological-networks
#19
Theodosios Theodosiou, Georgios Efstathiou, Nikolas Papanikolaou, Nikos C Kyrpides, Pantelis G Bagos, Ioannis Iliopoulos, Georgios A Pavlopoulos
OBJECTIVE: Nowadays, due to the technological advances of high-throughput techniques, Systems Biology has seen a tremendous growth of data generation. With network analysis, looking at biological systems at a higher level in order to better understand a system, its topology and the relationships between its components is of a great importance. Gene expression, signal transduction, protein/chemical interactions, biomedical literature co-occurrences, are few of the examples captured in biological network representations where nodes represent certain bioentities and edges represent the connections between them...
July 14, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705235/burden-and-associated-factors-of-anemia-among-pregnant-women-attending-antenatal-care-in-southern-ethiopia-cross-sectional-study
#20
Weinshet Getahun, Tefera Belachew, Amare Desalegn Wolide
BACKGROUND: Anemia is a condition in which the number of red blood cells or their oxygen-carrying capacity is insufficient to meet physiologic needs, which varies by age, sex, altitude, smoking, and pregnancy status. The study aim is to determine the prevalence and factors associated with anemia among pregnant women attending a hospital in southern Ethiopia using a structured interview administered questionnaire. METHODS: Facility-based cross-sectional study was conducted from March 01-April 30 2015 at Butajira General Hospital, Ethiopia...
July 14, 2017: BMC Research Notes
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