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Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899639/prevalence-of-double-diabetes-in-youth-onset-diabetes-patients-from-east-delhi-and-neighboring-ncr-region
#1
B K Mishra, P Shukla, M Aslam, A A Siddiqui, S V Madhu
BACKGROUND: It is being increasingly reported that some of the youth onset diabetes patients cannot be classified clearly as type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) or type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) based on usual criteria and the term double diabetes (DD) coined for these cases. AIM: The objective of the study was to find out the prevalence of DD in youth onset diabetes patients from east Delhi and neighboring NCR region. METHODS: A total of 200 patients with youth onset diabetes below 25 years of age were recruited from a tertiary care hospital in East Delhi...
September 9, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888482/exercise-training-and-cardiac-autonomic-function-in-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-a-systematic-review
#2
REVIEW
Pooja Bhati, Shweta Shenoy, M Ejaz Hussain
Cardiac autonomic neuropathy (CAN) is a common complication of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). It has been found to independently predict all cause and cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality. It remains unclear whether exercise training could improve autonomic control in T2DM patients. The purpose of this study was to systematically review the effects of exercise training on cardiac autonomic function in T2DM patients. Electronic databases (MEDLINE, CENTRAL, PEDro, Scopus and Web of science) were systematically searched to retrieve relevant evidence...
September 6, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869151/energy-expenditure-body-composition-and-prevalence-of-metabolic-disorders-in-patients-with-duchenne-muscular-dystrophy
#3
Carola Saure, Carolina Caminiti, Julieta Weglinski, Fernanda de Castro Perez, Soledad Monges
INTRODUCTION: Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is a severe muscular disease characterized by progressive loss of functional muscle mass followed by changes in body composition. AIM: To describe body composition, resting energy expenditure (REE), and metabolic disorders in DMD patients followed-up at a tertiary care center. To analyze the association with type of steroid and ambulatory status, and to compare obese DMD patients with patients with multifactorial obesity...
August 26, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867530/clinical-and-microbiological-profile-of-diabetic-foot-ulcer-patients-in-a-tertiary-care-hospital
#4
Ramya Kateel, Alfred J Augustine, Shivananda Prabhu, Sheetal Ullal, Manohar Pai, Prabha Adhikari
AIM: To evaluate the clinical and microbiological profile of diabetic foot ulcer patients admitted to a tertiary care hospital. METHODOLOGY: This study recruited 120 diabetic foot ulcer patients of all grade. Their medical records were evaluated retrospectively. RESULTS: We found that median age of patient was 60(52, 67.75) years. 68.3% of patients were males. Median duration of diabetes mellitus was 15(10, 20) years. Mean HbA1C and fasting glucose was 10...
August 26, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882470/an-observational-study-of-vitamin-b12-levels-and-peripheral-neuropathy-profile-in-patients-of-diabetes-mellitus-on-metformin-therapy
#5
Kamesh Gupta, Anand Jain, Anurag Rohatgi
METHODS: A descriptive, observational study was completed in a tertiary care hospital between November 2014 and March 2016. Fifty consecutive patients of Type 2-Diabetes Mellitus who had been on metformin therapy for at least three months were included in our study. Several Parameters were compared with vitamin B12 levels and severity of peripheral neuropathy (using Toronto Clinical Scoring System (TCSS) and Nerve Conduction Velocity). These included the duration of diabetes, duration of metformin usage, dietary history, and HbA1c levels...
August 25, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882469/inverse-association-between-excessive-alcohol-drinking-and-cardiometabolically-healthy-status-in-middle-aged-men-with-and-without-overweight-and-obesity
#6
Ichiro Wakabayashi
AIMS: The aim of this study was to clarify the relationship between drinking and metabolically healthy status in men with normal weight, overweight and obesity. METHODS: The subjects were Japanese men aged from 35 to 60 years (n=31781) and they were divided by daily amount of drinking (g ethanol) into light (< 22), moderate (≥22 and <44), heavy (≥44 and <66) and very heavy (≥66) drinkers. Metabolically healthy subjects were defined as those without hypertension, dyslipidemia and diabetes...
August 25, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864058/barriers-to-insulin-initiation-in-elderly-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-in-brazil
#7
Freddy G Eliaschewitz, Mauricio A de Paula, Hermelinda C Pedrosa, Antônio Carlos Pires, João Eduardo N Salles, Marcos Antônio Tambascia, Luiz Alberto A Turatti
AIMS: We aimed to explore insulin initiation barriers in the Brazilian Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM) elderly population, according to the physician's perspective, and suggest strategies to overcome them. METHODS: A 45-questions survey addressing issues as clinical characteristics, barriers to insulinization, and treatment strategies in elderly patients with T2DM, was sent to six endocrinologists from different Brazilian locations. Thereafter, all the respondents participated in a panel discussion to validate their responses and collect additional relevant data...
August 25, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869152/effect-of-electronic-education-based-on-health-promotion-model-on-physical-activity-in-diabetic-patients
#8
Hamideh Lari, Rahim Tahmasebi, Azita Noroozi
BACKGROUND: By high prevalence of inactivity, particularly in diabetic patients, the need to effective interventions to promote physical activity is essential. The aim of this study was to determine the effects of education based on health promotion model (HPM) through multimedia on the physical activity in diabetic patients. METHOD: In this quasi-experimental study, 76 patients with type II diabetes were evaluated (40 patents in intervention group and 36 patients in control group)...
August 24, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864059/role-of-omentin-1-and-il-6-in-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-patients-with-diabetic-nephropathy
#9
Gandhipuram Periyasamy Senthilkumar, Melepallappil Sabeenakumari Anithalekshmi, Md Yasir, Sreejith Parameswaran, Rajaa Muthu Packirisamy, Zachariah Bobby
AIMS: Diabetic nephropathy (DN) is one of the major chronic vascular complication of T2DM and leading cause of end-stage renal disease. Inflammation is one of the proposed pathway which explains microvascular complications in T2DM but exact mechanism is still unclear. Omentin-1 is an anti-inflammatory adipokine which promotes insulin signaling. IL-6 is a multifunctional cytokine having role in immune and inflammatory responses. The present study was conducted to elucidate the role of omentin-1 and IL-6 in the pathogenesis of DN and its association with insulin resistance...
August 24, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855070/can-vitamin-d-supplementation-alone-effective-to-increase-a-physical-fitness-levels-in-post-menopausal-women-with-metabolic-disorders-brief-review
#10
REVIEW
Claudio M Bentes, Monique Resende, Humberto Miranda, Claudia C Netto, Lizanka P F Marinheiro
BACKGROUND: During the climacteric period, occur an aging process of the skin, and promote several decreases in the ability of vitamin D synthesis in an organism and lower levels of Vitamin D may contribute to the appearance of conditions such as osteomalacia, osteoporosis, falls and fractures. AIM: The present brief review focuses on the influence of Vitamin D supplementation alone on physical fitness (strength, endurance, and balance) in postmenopausal with diseases or not...
August 24, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869150/the-association-between-hematological-parameters-and-metabolic-syndrome-in-iranian-men-a-single-center-large-scale-study
#11
Jamal Ahmadzadeh, Behnam Mansorian, Mohammad Mirza-Aghazadeh Attari, Ira Mohebbi, Raha Naz-Avar, Karaim Moghadam, Seyyed Adel Khoshbou Ghareh-Bagh
AIMS: Some studies have demonstrated that metabolic syndrome is associated with hematological parameters. The present study explores the relationship between hematological parameters and numbers of metabolic syndrome conditions in Iranian men. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 11,114 participants who were professional drivers of commercial motor vehicles, and were enrolled in the Iranian Health Surveys between 2014 and 2016. Diagnosis of metabolic syndrome was made according to International Diabetes Federation criteria...
August 23, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855071/neglected-non-communicable-diseases-watching-a-public-health-disaster-unfold
#12
LETTER
Jaya Prasad Tripathy, Rana J Singh, J S Thakur
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 23, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28847468/effect-of-melatonin-in-reducing-second-generation-antipsychotic-metabolic-effects-a-double-blind-controlled-clinical-trial
#13
Mansour Agahi, Negar Akasheh, Afshin Ahmadvand, Hossein Akbari, Fatemeh Izadpanah
INTRODUCTION: The use of second-generation atypical antipsychotics has an increasing role in the development of metabolic syndrome. However, these medications due to metabolic disorders can lead to an increased risk of cardiovascular disease and subsequently mortality as well as reduced adherence to treatment. The main objective of current study was to determine the ability of melatonin to reduce the metabolic effects of second-generation antipsychotics. METHODS: This double blind controlled clinical trial was conducted on 100 patients aged 18-64 years old were treated with the second-generation antipsychotics for the first time...
August 18, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28826579/low-serum-high-density-lipoprotein-is-associated-with-the-greatest-risk-of-metabolic-syndrome-among-u-s-adults
#14
Garland Castaneda, Taft Bhuket, Benny Liu, Robert J Wong
AIMS: Better understanding risk factors for metabolic syndrome (MetS) will allow early targeted intervention to mitigate long term risk. We aim to determine the disparate impact of each individual MetS component on overall risk of developing MetS, stratified by sex, race/ethnicity, and age. METHODS: Using data from the 2003-2014 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES), MetS prevalence among adults (age ≥18) was stratified by sex, race/ethnicity, age, and by individual MetS components (e...
August 11, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28826578/sglt2-inhibitors-induced-electrolyte-abnormalities-an-analysis-of-the-associated-mechanisms
#15
REVIEW
T D Filippatos, V Tsimihodimos, G Liamis, M S Elisaf
AIMS: Sodium-glucose co-transporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors are a new class of antidiabetic drugs that affect serum electrolytes levels. The aim of this review is the detailed presentation of the associated mechanisms of the SGLT2 inhibitors-induced electrolyte abnormalities. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eligible trials and relevant articles published in PubMed (last search in July 2017) are included in the review. RESULTS: SGLT2 inhibitors induce small increases in serum concentrations of magnesium, potassium and phosphate...
August 11, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28843650/relationship-of-metabolic-syndrome-and-its-components-with-thyroid-dysfunction-in-algerian-patients
#16
Mohamed Larbi Hamlaoui, Ammar Ayachi, Aoulia Dekaken, Adel Gouri
AIMS: The aim of this study is to evaluate the prevalence of the metabolic syndrome and its compounds in subjects with different thyroid status. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prospective cross-sectional study was conducted in the internal medicine department at El Okbi Hospital of Guelma (East of Algeria) from January 2014 to September 2015. Eighty six patients attending the specialist consultation for suspected thyroid disorders were included in the study. Gender; blood pressure; body mass index; and serum levels of fasting glucose, total cholesterol (TC), high-density-lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), low-density-lipoprotein cholesterol, and triglyceride were compared between subjects with hypothyroidism, hyperthyroidism and euthyroidism...
August 10, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802821/association-of-sex-hormones-with-metabolic-syndrome-among-egyptian-males
#17
Iman Z Ahmed, Maram M Mahdy, Hussein El Oraby
BACKGROUND: Studies have shown that testosterone and estradiol (E2) are associated with metabolic syndrome (MetS). To our knowledge, few studies, if any about the association of endogenous sex hormones with MetS have been done in Egypt. AIM: To study the relation between endogenous sex hormones and MetS among Egyptian males. SUBJECTS AND METHOD: For the study, 80 Egyptian males were enrolled: 40 males with MetS and 40 healthy age-matched males...
August 5, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803720/impact-of-the-self-care-education-program-on-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-type-ii-diabetes
#18
Shahram Baraz, Kourosh Zarea, Hajiee Bibi Shahbazian
INTRODUCTION: Diabetes is an irreversible disease requiring lifetime self-care and rehabilitation. Patient education to improve their ability in administering self-care is also effective, lowering the risks of developing complications and promoting the quality of life. This study was conducted to assess the effect of self-care educational programs in promoting the quality of life of diabetic patients. METHODS: In this pre-test/post-test intervention study design, 30 diabetes patients were included on the basis of a non-randomized sampling, using each subject as her/his own control...
August 1, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789834/diabetes-complications-in-sudanese-individuals-with-type-2-diabetes-overlooked-problems-in-sub-saharan-africa
#19
Heitham Awadalla, Sufian K Noor, Wadie M Elmadhoun, Ahmed O Almobarak, Nehad E Elmak, Sulaf I Abdelaziz, Amel A Sulaiman, Mohamed H Ahmed
BACKGROUND: Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a major health problem in Sudan and is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality. The objective of this study is to determine the prevalence of complications of type 2 diabetes across different cities in the country. METHODS: Individuals with type 2 diabetes, who have been on treatment for DM for at least one year and volunteered to participate, were selected from two diabetes centers in Sudan (Khartoum and Atbara). Participants were interviewed using standardized pretested questionnaire to record medical history, socio-demographic, life style characteristics and presence of complications of diabetes...
July 29, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28781162/outpatient-cardiac-rehabilitation-effects-on-patient-improvement-outcomes
#20
Fergus W Gardiner, Elizabeth Regan, Ezekiel U Nwose, Phillip T Bwititi, Judith Crockett, Lexin Wang
OBJECTIVE: To determine if the Cardiac rehabilitation (CR) program had positive effects on the patient medically as well as effects on pathological risk factors, functional capacity, and mental health; and the extent to which targets for blood pressure (BP) control in patients with hypertension (HT) and diabetes mellitus (DM) are achieved. METHODOLOGY: CR participant data was collected from 1st June 2014 until 31st December 2015 (19 months), which included: demographics, medical history, social history, medications, lipid profiles and anthropometric measurements...
July 27, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
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