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Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome

Iman Z Ahmed, Maram M Mahdy, Hussein El Oraby
BACKGROUND: Studies have shown that testosterone and estradiol (E2) are associated with metabolic syndrome (MetS). To our knowledge, few studies, if any about the association of endogenous sex hormones with MetS have been done in Egypt. AIM: To study the relation between endogenous sex hormones and MetS among Egyptian males. SUBJECTS AND METHOD: For the study, 80 Egyptian males were enrolled: 40 males with MetS and 40 healthy age-matched males...
August 5, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
Shahram Baraz, Kourosh Zarea, Hajiee Bibi Shahbazian
INTRODUCTION: Diabetes is an irreversible disease requiring lifetime self-care and rehabilitation. Patient education to improve their ability in administering self-care is also effective, lowering the risks of developing complications and promoting the quality of life. This study was conducted to assess the effect of self-care educational programs in promoting the quality of life of diabetic patients. METHODS: In this pre-test/post-test intervention study design, 30 diabetes patients were included on the basis of a non-randomized sampling, using each subject as her/his own control...
August 1, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
Heitham Awadalla, Sufian K Noor, Wadie M Elmadhoun, Ahmed O Almobarak, Nehad E Elmak, Sulaf I Abdelaziz, Amel A Sulaiman, Mohamed H Ahmed
BACKGROUND: Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a major health problem in Sudan and is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality. The objective of this study is to determine the prevalence of complications of type 2 diabetes across different cities in the country. METHODS: Individuals with type 2 diabetes, who have been on treatment for DM for at least one year and volunteered to participate, were selected from two diabetes centers in Sudan (Khartoum and Atbara). Participants were interviewed using standardized pretested questionnaire to record medical history, socio-demographic, life style characteristics and presence of complications of diabetes...
July 29, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
Fergus W Gardiner, Elizabeth Regan, Ezekiel U Nwose, Phillip T Bwititi, Judith Crockett, Lexin Wang
OBJECTIVE: To determine if the Cardiac rehabilitation (CR) program had positive effects on the patient medically as well as effects on pathological risk factors, functional capacity, and mental health; and the extent to which targets for blood pressure (BP) control in patients with hypertension (HT) and diabetes mellitus (DM) are achieved. METHODOLOGY: CR participant data was collected from 1st June 2014 until 31st December 2015 (19 months), which included: demographics, medical history, social history, medications, lipid profiles and anthropometric measurements...
July 27, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
Seyed Mahmoud Latifi, Majid Karandish, Hajieh Shahbazian, Jalaly Mohammad Taha, Bahman Cheraghian, Mitra Moradi
BACKGROUND: Today, obesity epidemic is one of the major health problems of the present century. One of the phenotypes of obesity is metabolically healthy obesity. It seems that these obese individuals suffer less from cardiovascular disease and metabolically unhealthy obesity. This study aimed to investigate the prevalence of metabolically healthy obesity (MHO) and its relationship with incidence of metabolic syndrome, diabetes and hypertension in individuals over 20 years in the city of Ahvaz...
July 27, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
Marjan Mokhtare, Hosna Mirfakhraee, Mahmoud Arshad, Seyed Hossein Samadani Fard, Mansour Bahardoust, Alireza Movahed, Mohsen Masoodi
BACKGROUND: Helicobactor pylori (H. pylori) have the potential role in the pathogenesis of various extra-gastric disorders such as metabolic disorders. But, it is now questioned about whether H. pylori eradication reduces or induces the risk for metabolic disorders especially in patients with dyspepsia. Hence, the present study aimed to assess the effects of H. pylori eradication on criteria of metabolic syndrome. METHODS: H. pylori infected patients with dyspepsia were included...
July 27, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
Akbar Babaei Heydarabadi, Hojat Moradi Mehr, Sedigheh Nouhjah
AIMS: Despite the need for timely return of patients for visit and blood sugar control, rate of attendance to health centers is low. This qualitative study was conducted to identify and explain the status of diabetics' referral to rural health centers of Ahvaz from the patients and participants' point of view. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This research was performed with qualitative approach and phenomenological method in 2016. Using semi-structured interview with 14 diabetic patients, 6 health workers, 3 doctors and 3 members of the patient's families the required data were collected...
July 26, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
Sandro Gentile, Giuseppina Guarino, Giampiero Marino, Felice Strollo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 25, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
Dania G Solis-Cano, Leonardo M Porchia, M Elba Gonzalez-Mejia, Ricardo Pérez-Fuentes, Guadalupe Ruiz-Vivanco, Adriana Nieva-Vazquez, Enrique Torres-Rasgado
AIMS: Since, resistin has been associated with coronary heart disease and with the progression of Type 2 Diabetes (T2D), our objective was to determine the correlation between resistin and cardiovascular risk (CVR) in subjects with increasing degrees of hyperglycemia. METHODS: Using a cross-sectional study design, the anthropometric and biochemical profiles were collected from 180 subjects from Puebla, Mexico. Subjects were separated into Normoglycemic (NGT), pre-diabetic (PT2D), or T2D...
July 25, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
Souravh Bais, Reena Kumari, Yash Prashar, N S Gill
Mast cells are stimulatory factors in prognosis of various immunogenic and allergic diseases in human body. These cells play an important role in various immunological and metabolic diseases. The aim of present article is to explore the molecular targets to suppress the over expression of mast cells in obesity. The last 20 years literature were searched by various bibliographic data bases like Pubmed, google Scholar, Scopus and web of Science. The data were collected by keywords like "Mast Cell" "obesity" and "role of mast cell or role in obesity"...
July 23, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
Nusrat Jahan, Shweta Shenoy
OBJECTIVE: To describe the relationship between daily physical activity (steps/day and self report method) and health indices. Also to observe relationship between daily physical activity and existence of any prior sign of metabolic syndrome in middle aged adults of 40-60 years. A secondary objective was to observe relation between objective (steps/day) and subjective (IPAQ) measure of physical activity. METHOD: 145 subjects were recruited from residential colony of New Delhi, India and their health indices (waist circumference, hip circumference, waist hip ratio, blood pressure, resting heart rate), and presence of any sign of metabolic syndrome were noted down...
July 22, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
Ali Abdulmajid Dyab Allawi
BACKGROUND: The presence of autonomic neuropathy in association with end stage chronic kidney disease have not yet been established. An extending studies need to evaluate the presence of autonomic neuropathy in different stages of chronic kidney disease. OBJECTIVES: To estimate the prevalence rate of autonomic neuropathy in stage 5 chronic kidney disease. METHODS: 35 patients with end stage CKD were selected (patient group), compared with 100 person had CKD of different stages other than stage 5 CKD (control group)...
July 22, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
Sameeksha Mishra, Vani Gupta, Supriya Mishra, Rekha Sachan, Akash Asthana
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Obesity is regulated by different metabolic factors like leptin, adiponectin insulin and neuropeptide orexin-A. The aim of this study is to assess the role of these hormones and their interrelationship with obesity in north Indian women. METHOD: A total of 168 obese women with Body Mass Index (BMI)>30kg/m(2) and 150 lean women (BMI<25kg/m(2)) as control were recruited in this study. Women with obesity were further subdivided into two groups according to their BMI, 71 overweight women with the BMI 25-29...
July 21, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
Luis G Aguirre, Diego Urrunaga-Pastor, Enrique Moncada-Mapelli, Mirella Guarnizo-Poma, Herbert Lazaro-Alcantara, Vicente A Benites-Zapata
AIM: To assess the association between elevated serum ferritin levels and the presence of insulin resistance (IR) or impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) in a population of individuals with no endocrine or metabolic disorders background. METHODS: Analytical cross-sectional study, carried out in adults of both sexes with no medical history of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) or other metabolic or endocrine disorder, who attended the outpatient service of a private clinic in Lima-Peru during 2012-2014 period...
July 20, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
Mannmath Nath, Balram Gupta, Madhukar Rai, Surya K Singh
AIMS: To study the loss of diurnal variation in blood pressure in normotensive patients with Subclinical/overt hypothyroidism and effect of Levothyroxine (L-T4) treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this interventional study Eighty patients between 17- 50 years with newly detected OH and SCH (74 women and 6 men) and nine euthyroid subjects (all men) with blood pressure <140/90 were recruited. All patients underwent 24h ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) using ABPM machine before and after treatment with L-T4...
July 20, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
Rajesh Rajput, Anoop Dangi, Harpreet Singh
AIMS: Recent studies have shown increasing prevalence of dysglycemia in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients. The present study was planned to study the prevalence of pre-diabetes and diabetes in RA patients from a tertiary care centre in Haryana, India. METHODS: 150 diagnosed cases of rheumatoid arthritis which were on follow up in Rheumatology clinic from last one year and equal number of age, sex matched controls were recruited for the study. FPG, 2h plasma glucose level after 75g oral glucose tolerance test and HbA1c were estimated in all the subjects...
July 20, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
Reza Tabrizi, Mahmood Moosazadeh, Kamran B Lankarani, Maryam Akbari, Seyed Taghi Heydari, Fariba Kolahdooz, Mansooreh Samimi, Zatollah Asemi
BACKGROUND: A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) was conducted to summarize the evidence on the effect of vitamin D supplementation on metabolic profiles in patients with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). METHODS: We systematically searched PubMed, EMBASE and five other databases to identify all RCTs investigating the association between vitamin D and NAFLD up until 5 October 2016. Seven RCTs with 452 participants (227 patients and 225 controls) were included in the meta-analysis...
July 20, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
S H Chowdhury, M N Karim, S Selim, F Ahmed, A K Azad, S A Maksud, M F U Rahaman, M F Uddin, M A J Chowdhury
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to examine the strength and consistency of the relationship between depression and diabetes in Bangladeshi population. METHODS: The study was conducted at the medicine department of Bangabandhu Shiekh Mujib Medical University (BSMMU) during May 2012 to May 2013. Equal number of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients and non-diabetic subjects (patient attendants) were recruited from outpatient department matching for age (±2 years) and gender...
July 17, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
XiuPing Bai, Xing Li, AiQing Li, LiFang Wu, Feng Wang, JiaYang Geng, Jing Liu, XiaoLi Bai
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 13, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
Mohamed H Ahmed, Yasmeen A Ali, Heitham Awadalla, Wadie M Elmadhoun, Sufian K Noor, Ahmed O Almobarak
AIM: The prevalence of obesity has increased across the globe in particular in Africa. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of obesity in Sudan. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Descriptive, cross sectional study recruited 7239 individuals. Demographic and clinical data were collected by an interview using a pretested standardised questionnaire. Anthropometric measurements including body weight, height and waist circumference have been taken using standardized techniques and calibrated equipment...
July 11, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
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