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Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050917/sugar-intake-in-sudanese-individuals-was-associated-with-some-features-of-the-metabolic-syndrome-population-based-study
#1
Eman F El-Sayed, Heitham Awadalla, Sufian K Noor, Wadie M Elmadhoun, Amel A Sulaiman, Ahmed O Almobarak, Mohamed H Ahmed
AIM: The aim of this study was to assess the level of sugar intake among Sudanese individuals. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study with 323 participants. Respondents were grouped by the total intake of added sugars into two groups, one group with sugar intake more than 200 calories per day and other group with sugar intake less than 200 calories per day. Demographic data were collected with anthropometric measurements like body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference...
October 13, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042249/prevalence-and-biochemical-risk-factors-of-diabetic-peripheral-neuropathy-with-or-without-neuropathic-pain-in-taiwanese-adults-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#2
Yen-Wei Pai, Ching-Heng Lin, I-Te Lee, Ming-Hong Chang
AIMS: To investigate the prevalence and risk factors for diabetic peripheral neuropathy with or without neuropathic pain in Taiwanese. METHODS: A cross-sectional, hospital-based observational study was conducted. We enrolled 2837 adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Diabetic peripheral neuropathy with or without pain were diagnosed using 2 validated screening tools, namely the Michigan Neuropathy Screening Instrument and Douleur Neuropathique 4 questionnaire. RESULTS: In our sample, 2233 participants had no neuropathy, 476 had diabetic peripheral neuropathy without pain, and 128 had diabetic peripheral neuropathy with neuropathic pain, representing an overall diabetic peripheral neuropathy prevalence of 21...
September 28, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037887/depression-and-related-risk-factors-among-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-jazan-area-ksa-a-cross-sectional-study
#3
Osama B Albasheer, Mohammed S Mahfouz, Yahia Solan, Duaa A Khan, Mohammed A Muqri, Haneen A Almutairi, Ali M Alelyani, Hussain A Alahmed
PURPOSE: To determine the prevalence of depression and related risk factors among type 2 diabetes mellitus patients (T2DM) in Jazan area, Saudi Arabia. METHOD: A cross sectional, self-administered questionnaire study was conducted among T2DM patients in Jazan area, Saudi Arabia. A total of 385 patients were selected at randomly. The Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9) was utilized to measure symptoms and signs of depression. RESULTS: The overall prevalence of depression among T2DM patients was 37...
September 28, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28986031/cardiovascular-risk-prediction-model-for-omanis-with-type-2-diabetes
#4
Abdul Hakeem Alrawahi, Patricia Lee, Zaher A M Al-Anqoudi, Muna Alrabaani, Ahmed Al-Busaidi, Faisal Almahrouqi, Ahmed M Albusaidi
AIM: To date, no cardiovascular risk assessment tool has been developed specifically for any Arabian population including Omanis. This study aims to develop a suitable cardiovascular risk prediction model in the form of a statistical equation, for Omanis with type 2 diabetes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A sample of 2039 patients with type 2 diabetes selected from primary care settings in the Aldakhiliyah Province of Oman were involved in a retrospective cohort study...
September 27, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28964720/the-24-month-metabolic-benefits-of-the-healthy-living-partnerships-to-prevent-diabetes-a-community-based-translational-study
#5
Carolyn F Pedley, L Douglas Case, Caroline S Blackwell, Jeffrey A Katula, Mara Z Vitolins
AIMS: Large-scale clinical trials and translational studies have demonstrated that weight loss achieved through diet and physical activity reduced the development of diabetes in overweight individuals with prediabetes. These interventions also reduced the occurrence of metabolic syndrome and risk factors linked to other chronic conditions including obesity-driven cancers and cardiovascular disease. The Healthy Living Partnerships to Prevent Diabetes (HELP PD) was a clinical trial in which participants were randomized to receive a community-based lifestyle intervention translated from the Diabetes Prevention Program (DPP) or an enhanced usual care condition...
September 23, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28964719/relationship-of-planter-pressure-and-glycemic-control-in-type-2-diabetic-patients-with-and-without-neuropathy
#6
Mohammed R Halawa, Yara M Eid, Rana A El-Hilaly, Mona M Abdelsalam, Amr H Amer
INTRODUCTION: Foot disease is a common complication of type 2 diabetes that can have tragic consequences. Abnormal plantar pressures are considered to play a major role in the pathologies of neuropathic ulcers in the diabetic foot. AIM: To examine Relationship of Planter Pressure and Glycemic Control in Type 2 Diabetic Patients with and without Neuropathy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was conducted on 50 type 2 diabetic patients and 30 healthy volunteers...
September 23, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042250/eating-breakfast-and-snacks-while-television-viewing-are-associated-with-some-cardio-metabolic-risk-factors-among-iranian-children
#7
Saeed Ghobadi, Shiva Faghih
AIM: We aimed to investigate the association of eating meals while television viewing (TVV) and screen-based behaviors with cardio metabolic risk factors (CRFs) among school-aged children in Shiraz. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study was done on 409 primary school children (217 boys), aged 6-9 years. Physical activity, time spent on screen-based behaviors and frequency of eating meals while TVV were measured using a questionnaire. Anthropometric indices, fasting blood sugar (FBS), blood lipids, blood pressure (BP), dietary intakes and physical activity were assessed...
September 22, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988632/leisure-time-physical-activity-patterns-in-odisha-india
#8
G Shankar Ganesh, Rishee Patel, Vikram Dwivedi, Deepak Chhabra, P Balakishore, Anandhi Dakshinamoorthy, Parminder Kaur
AIMS: The World Health Organization has recommended a moderate intensity physical activity of 150min, or 75min vigorous-intensity physical activity per week to achieve optimal health benefits. It is not known if Indian populations who indulge in leisure time physical exercises satisfy these recommendations. METHODS: This study used a questionnaire to obtain data regarding demographic details, current engagement in leisure time physical activities, and dosages of these exercises from participants between 18 and 64 years of age...
September 22, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988596/tnf-%C3%AE-il-10-ratio-an-independent-predictor-for-coronary-artery-disease-in-north-indian-population
#9
Reena Kumari, Sandeep Kumar, M Kaleem Ahmad, Rajeev Singh, Akshayaya Pradhan, Sharad Chandra, Sudhir Kumar
BACKGROUND/AIM: Cytokines are responsible for the modulation of immunological and inflammatory processes and play a significant role in the pathogenesis of coronary artery disease (CAD). Tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) are considered as a pro inflammatory and interleukin-10 (IL-10) anti inflammatory have been shown to predict the risk of incident of CAD. Aim of present study is to examine the impact of the TNF-α and Il-10 levels on various components of the CAD. METHODS: Total 580 subjects were recruited in the present study out of which 290 diagnosed CAD subjects (Age 51...
September 22, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28967613/relationship-of-serum-leptin-with-some-biochemical-anthropometric-parameters-and-abdominal-fat-volumes-as-measured-by-magnetic-resonance-imaging
#10
Nawal S Hijjawi, Ali M Al-Radaideh, Kholoud I Al-Fayomi, Nisreen A Nimer, Hadeel A Alabadi, Rana M Al-Zu'bi, Lana M Agraib, Sabika S Allehdan, Reema F Tayyem
AIMS: To measure the level of leptin in volunteers and correlate it with several anthropometric, biochemical variables and abdominal fat volumes. METHODS: The level of leptin was investigated in 167 disease-free volunteers. Serum levels of IL-6, adiponectin, and resistin, blood lipid profile (cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein (LDL), high-density lipoprotein (HDL), and triglyceride (TG) were determined. Waist circumference (WC) was measured using tape and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) images...
September 22, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28967612/a-history-of-continuous-glucose-monitors-cgms-in-self-monitoring-of-diabetes-mellitus
#11
REVIEW
David Olczuk, Ronny Priefer
Self-monitoring of glucose for individuals afflicted with diabetes mellitus has allowed patients to take control of their disease and thus directly affect the outcomes related to it. It has been almost a century since the first test to monitor one's sugar was developed; that being a urine test. The most well-known and prominent medical device for monitor blood glucose for individuals with diabetes are the finger-prick devices. This itself is an approximately 50year old technology. More recently has been the introduction of continuous glucose monitors (CGMs) which entered the market place in the last year of the 20th century...
September 22, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050916/platelet-rich-plasma-and-growth-factors-cocktails-for-diabetic-foot-ulcers-treatment-state-of-art-developments-and-future-prospects
#12
REVIEW
I V Gonchar, A R Lipunov, I M Afanasov, V Larina, A P Faller, A V Kibardin
Current advances in diabetic foot ulcers (DFU) treatment are discussed. Normal and pathological wound healing process are observed and the role of growth factors (GFs) is elucidated. Current techniques involving GFs and platelet rich plasma (PRP) are compared. Up-to-date research suggests that treatment with single growth factor (GF) could be insufficient and not encompassing all pathological changes in DFU bed. Efficiency of PRP is rather controversial and lacks evidence. Thus the use of cocktail of particular GFs is suggested...
September 21, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28964721/malnutrition-inflamation-and-atherosclerosis-mia-syndrome-in-patients-with-end-stage-renal-disease-on-maintenance-hemodialysis-a-single-centre-experience
#13
Ali Abdulmajid Dyab Allawi
BACKGROUND: Inflammation and malnutrition play an important role in endothelial dysfunction, atherosclerosis and excessive cardiovascular morbidity and mortality in ESRD patients AIM OF THE STUDY: The primary objective is to determine the prevalence of inflammation, malnutrition and atherosclerosis in patients on maintenance haemodialysis. Secondary objective was to determine the association for atherosclerosis with inflammation and malnutrition. PATIENT AND METHODS: One hundred and one adult patients with end stage renal disease on maintenance haemodialysis who are met with the exclusion criteria were enrolled in this cross sectional study from haemodialysis unit of Baghdad teaching hospital over the period of July/2015 - June 2016...
September 21, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28951061/a-long-term-follow-up-study-from-india-assessing-the-risk-of-diabetes-mellitus-in-service-population
#14
K V S Hari Kumar, S K Patnaik
OBJECTIVE: The data about the incidence of diabetes is scarce from developing countries. We studied the incidence of type 1 (T1DM) and type 2 DM (T2DM) in a cohort of young military personnel followed for a long duration. METHODS: The data for this descriptive epidemiologic study was derived from the electronic medical records (EMR) of the male service personnel enrolled between 1990 and 2015. All subjects were recruited before 18 years of age in good health and the onset of DM was derived from the EMR...
September 21, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899639/prevalence-of-double-diabetes-in-youth-onset-diabetes-patients-from-east-delhi-and-neighboring-ncr-region
#15
B K Mishra, P Shukla, M Aslam, A A Siddiqui, S V Madhu
BACKGROUND: It is being increasingly reported that some of the youth onset diabetes patients cannot be classified clearly as type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) or type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) based on usual criteria and the term double diabetes (DD) coined for these cases. AIM: The objective of the study was to find out the prevalence of DD in youth onset diabetes patients from east Delhi and neighboring NCR region. METHODS: A total of 200 patients with youth onset diabetes below 25 years of age were recruited from a tertiary care hospital in East Delhi...
September 9, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888482/exercise-training-and-cardiac-autonomic-function-in-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-a-systematic-review
#16
REVIEW
Pooja Bhati, Shweta Shenoy, M Ejaz Hussain
Cardiac autonomic neuropathy (CAN) is a common complication of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). It has been found to independently predict all cause and cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality. It remains unclear whether exercise training could improve autonomic control in T2DM patients. The purpose of this study was to systematically review the effects of exercise training on cardiac autonomic function in T2DM patients. Electronic databases (MEDLINE, CENTRAL, PEDro, Scopus and Web of science) were systematically searched to retrieve relevant evidence...
September 6, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869151/energy-expenditure-body-composition-and-prevalence-of-metabolic-disorders-in-patients-with-duchenne-muscular-dystrophy
#17
Carola Saure, Carolina Caminiti, Julieta Weglinski, Fernanda de Castro Perez, Soledad Monges
INTRODUCTION: Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is a severe muscular disease characterized by progressive loss of functional muscle mass followed by changes in body composition. AIM: To describe body composition, resting energy expenditure (REE), and metabolic disorders in DMD patients followed-up at a tertiary care center. To analyze the association with type of steroid and ambulatory status, and to compare obese DMD patients with patients with multifactorial obesity...
August 26, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867530/clinical-and-microbiological-profile-of-diabetic-foot-ulcer-patients-in-a-tertiary-care-hospital
#18
Ramya Kateel, Alfred J Augustine, Shivananda Prabhu, Sheetal Ullal, Manohar Pai, Prabha Adhikari
AIM: To evaluate the clinical and microbiological profile of diabetic foot ulcer patients admitted to a tertiary care hospital. METHODOLOGY: This study recruited 120 diabetic foot ulcer patients of all grade. Their medical records were evaluated retrospectively. RESULTS: We found that median age of patient was 60(52, 67.75) years. 68.3% of patients were males. Median duration of diabetes mellitus was 15(10, 20) years. Mean HbA1C and fasting glucose was 10...
August 26, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882470/an-observational-study-of-vitamin-b12-levels-and-peripheral-neuropathy-profile-in-patients-of-diabetes-mellitus-on-metformin-therapy
#19
Kamesh Gupta, Anand Jain, Anurag Rohatgi
METHODS: A descriptive, observational study was completed in a tertiary care hospital between November 2014 and March 2016. Fifty consecutive patients of Type 2-Diabetes Mellitus who had been on metformin therapy for at least three months were included in our study. Several Parameters were compared with vitamin B12 levels and severity of peripheral neuropathy (using Toronto Clinical Scoring System (TCSS) and Nerve Conduction Velocity). These included the duration of diabetes, duration of metformin usage, dietary history, and HbA1c levels...
August 25, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882469/inverse-association-between-excessive-alcohol-drinking-and-cardiometabolically-healthy-status-in-middle-aged-men-with-and-without-overweight-and-obesity
#20
Ichiro Wakabayashi
AIMS: The aim of this study was to clarify the relationship between drinking and metabolically healthy status in men with normal weight, overweight and obesity. METHODS: The subjects were Japanese men aged from 35 to 60 years (n=31781) and they were divided by daily amount of drinking (g ethanol) into light (< 22), moderate (≥22 and <44), heavy (≥44 and <66) and very heavy (≥66) drinkers. Metabolically healthy subjects were defined as those without hypertension, dyslipidemia and diabetes...
August 25, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
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