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Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629656/clinical-practice-points-for-diabetes-management-during-ramadan-fast
#1
REVIEW
Shaukat Sadikot, K Jothydev, A H Zargar, Jamal Ahmad, S R Arvind, Banshi Saboo
Diabetes management during Ramadan is very crucial from the patient perspective as it can present significant risk of hypoglycemia and death when proper care is not taken. Moreover, managing diabetes in fasting Ramadan patients require different mechanisms than the routine diabetes management and pose significant challenge to the health care practitioners. Here we set forth to review the available literature of various clinical trials and studies on different antidiabetic agents in the context of Ramadan. On the basis of available evidence, we suggest that gliclazide is effective and it could be safely recommended in type 2 diabetic patients fasting during Ramadan...
June 13, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610915/association-between-insulin-resistance-and-total-plasma-homocysteine-levels-in-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-patients-in-south-west-nigeria
#2
Oluwabukola A Ala, Adeseye A Akintunde, Rosemary T Ikem, Babatope A Kolawole, Olufemi O Ala, T A Adedeji
AIM: To determine the levels of serum homocysteine and its association with insulin resistance among T2DM patients at Obafemi Awolowo University Teaching Hospital, Ile Ife Nigeria. METHODS: It was a cross sectional study. It involved consecutive recruitment of 100 T2DM subjects with 100 age and sex matched controls. The fasting plasma glucose, serum creatinine, fasting lipid profile, glycosylated haemoglobin levels, fasting serum insulin and plasma homocysteine concentration were done...
June 10, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610914/an-increase-level-of-acylation-stimulating-protein-is-correlated-with-metabolic-risk-markers-in-north-indian-obese-women
#3
Supriya Mishra, Vani Gupta, Sameeksha Mishra, Vandana Gupta, Abbas Ali Mahdi, Rekha Sachan
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The present study was to investigate the association between serum acylation stimulating protein (ASP) level with metabolic risk factors in North Indian obese women. METHODS: This is a case control study, total n=322 women aged between 20 and 45 years (n=162 with metabolic syndrome & n=160 without metabolic syndrome) were recruited for the study according to National Cholesterol Education Program Treatment Panel (NCEPATP) guidelines. Serum ASP level were determined by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay...
June 10, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625567/dose-postural-control-improve-following-application-of-transcutaneous-electrical-nerve-stimulation-in-diabetic-peripheral-neuropathic-patients-a-randomized-placebo-control-trial
#4
Z Saadat, Z Rojhani-Shirazi, L Abbasi
BACKGROUND: peripheral neuropathy is the most common problem of diabetes. Neuropathy leads to lower extremity somatosensory deficits and postural instability in these patients. However, there are not sufficient evidences for improving postural control in these patients. AIM: To investigate the effects of transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) on postural control in patients with diabetic neuropathy. METHODS: Twenty eighth patients with diabetic neuropathy (40-55 Y/O) participated in this RCT study...
June 9, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606442/modeling-anthropometric-indices-in-relation-to-10-year-2002-2012-incidence-of-cardiovascular-disease-among-apparently-healthy-individuals-the-attica-study
#5
Theodosios D Filippatos, Ioannis Kyrou, Ekavi N Georgousopoulou, Christina Chrysohoou, Georgia-Maria Kouli, Constantine Tsigos, Dimitrios Tousoulis, Christodoulos Stefanadis, Christos Pitsavos, Demosthenes B Panagiotakos
AIMS: Body fat accumulation is implicated in the development of cardiovascular disease (CVD). Our objective was to explore potential associations between anthropometric indices and the 10-year CVD incidence in Greek adults without previous CVD. METHODS: During 2001-2, we enrolled 3042 adults without CVD from the general population of Attica, Greece. In 2011-2, the 10-year study follow-up was performed, recording the CVD incidence in 1958 participants with baseline body mass index (BMI) ≥18...
June 3, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606441/effects-of-high-dose-parenteral-vitamin-d-therapy-on-lipid-profile-and-blood-pressure-in-patients-with-diabetic-nephropathy-a-randomized-double-blind-clinical-trial
#6
Gayani C Liyanage, Sarath Lekamwasam, Thilak P Weerarathna, Chandrani E Liyanage
AIMS: Aim of this study was to determine the effect of high dose vitamin D given to patients with early diabetic renal disease on systolic and diastolic blood pressure, total cholesterol (TC), low-density lipoproteins (LDL), triglycerides (TG) and high density lipoproteins (HDL) in a randomized controlled trial MATERIALS AND METHOD: Patients with early diabetic nephropathy were recruited. Selected patients were allocated to two groups by Block randomization method. Treatment group received 50,000 IU of vitamin D3 intramuscularly and the control group was given an equal volume of distilled water (0...
June 3, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602849/etiopathological-differentiation-of-diabetes-mellitus-in-lean-young-adults
#7
N Kotwal, Vimal Upreti, K V S Hari Kumar, Amit Nachankar
OBJECTIVE: Classification of diabetes mellitus (DM) into type 1 or type 2 is difficult in lean, young individuals. We studied the β-cell function, insulin resistance (IR) and autoimmunity in young patients with recent onset DM. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, we included patients (age below 35 years) with recent onset DM (<6 months) and normal body weight for evaluation. The detailed clinical examination was done to identify markers of IR. Autoimmune DM was diagnosed using glutamic acid decarboxylase 65 (GAD65), insulin autoantibody (IAA) and islet cell antibody (ICA)...
June 3, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602848/diabetic-hepatosclerosis-true-clinical-entity-or-ghost-disease
#8
REVIEW
Natalia G Vallianou, Christos Kazazis, George Ioannidis
Diabetic hepatosclerosis is a novel entity that has recently been introduced by reviewing archived liver biopsies as a non-cirrhotic form of peri-sinusoidal fibrosis with basement membrane formation. Diabetic hepatosclerosis is usually characterized by an indolent clinical course. Serum aminotransferase levels are normal or minimally elevated, but elevated alkaline phosphatase levels is usually present. Clinically relevant to DH is the co-existence of other diabetic microvascular complications in the same patient, such as ESRD on long-term dialysis or renal transplantation, retinopathy, or neuropathy...
June 3, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602847/non-proteinuric-diabetic-nephropathy-is-the-main-cause-of-chronic-kidney-disease-results-of-a-general-population-survey-in-spain
#9
N R Robles, J Villa, F J Felix, D Fernandez-Berges, L Lozano
BACKGROUND: Diabetic nephropathy traditionally produces significant proteinuria prior to the development of renal impairment. However, this clinical paradigm has recently been questioned. The current study evaluated the impact of diabetes mellitus on the prevalence of renal disease in general population. METHODOLOGY: Data from of the HERMEX survey, an observational, cross sectional, population based study were used. The final sample included 2813 subjects (mean age 51...
June 3, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599963/prevalence-of-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-complications-among-palestinians-with-t2dm
#10
Ahmad Abu Al-Halaweh, Nadav Davidovitch, Thomas Peter Almdal, Anna Cowan, Samah Khatib, Lana Nasser-Eddin, Ziad Baradia
AIMS: To assess the prevalence of microvascular and macrovascular complications of type 2 diabetes (T2DM) among Palestinians. METHODS: 1308 diagnosed T2DM attending four main Primary Health Care Clinics on the Southern West Bank of Palestine examined by a Mobile Diabetes Clinic team. All diabetes patients visiting the clinics during a one-month period for each clinic were included. Interviews, anthropometric measurements, physical examination, and laboratory tests: HbA1c, lipid profile, and kidney function tests analyzed in a central laboratory were obtained RESULTS: 1308 diabetes patients, including 839 females (64%), with a mean age of 57 years (SD=8...
June 3, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576563/development-and-validation-of-health-related-quality-of-life-questionnaire-indian-scenario-in-diabetic-foot-ulcer-patients
#11
Ramya Kateel, Alfred J Augustine, Sheetal Ullal, Shivananda Prabhu, Rahul Bhat, Prabha Adhikari
AIM: To develop and validate Health Related Quality of Life Questionnaire in Diabetic Foot Ulcer Patients (HRQLQDFU) for Indian scenario. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was conducted in two phases. First phase was Development of HRQLQDFU which included literature search and expert interview. Second phase was validation of HRQLQDFL which included face validation, content validation and construct validation. Face validation was done by ten diabetic foot ulcer patients, ten practicing nurses and ten care givers...
May 25, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571777/postpartum-screening-practices-progression-to-abnormal-glucose-tolerance-and-its-related-risk-factors-in-asian-women-with-a-known-history-of-gestational-diabetes-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
REVIEW
Sedigheh Nouhjah, Hajieh Shahbazian, Neda Amoori, Shayesteh Jahanfar, Nahid Shahbazian, Alireza Jahanshahi, Bahman Cheraghian
AIMS: Rate of postpartum screening and progression to glucose intolerance (diabetes and/or pre-diabetes) in Asian women with prior GDM and risk factors of diversion to abnormal glucose tolerance were reviewed. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We searched Pub Med, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, EMBASE, and Ovid data base. About 1300 studies were screened and 27 articles were selected. Meta-analysis using Comprehensive Meta -Analysis software was conducted. All results were reported at the pooled ORs and 95% CI...
May 24, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576562/a-survey-of-the-incidence-of-dyslipidemia-and-its-components-in-people-over-20-years-old-in-ahvaz-a-cohort-study-2009-2014
#13
S M Latifi, M Karandish, H B Shahbazian, R Chinipardaz, A Sabet, N Pirani
INTRODUCTION: Dyslipidemia is one of the major risk factors for atherosclerosis and the main cause of death in the developing and developed countries. In this cohort study, the incidence of dyslipidemia and its components have been studied among individuals over 20 years old in Ahvaz, southwest of Iran. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The Phase 1 of this study was conducted on the prevalence of Metabolic syndrome and its related factors by Diabetes Research Center in 2009...
May 19, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566237/comparing-indices-of-median-nerve-among-diabetic-patients-with-or-without-metabolic-syndrome
#14
Zohre Foroozanfar, Hosseinali Ebrahimi, Narges Khanjani, Abbas Bahrampour, Hamid Najafipour
BACKGROUND: Metabolic syndrome is highly prevalent among patients with type II diabetes and is reported as a strong risk factor for cardiovascular diseases as well as carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS). The aim of the current study was to compare median nerve indices among diabetic patients with and without metabolic syndrome. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 105 patients with type II diabetes whom participated in the coronary artery disease risk factor study in Kerman, Iran (KERCARDS)...
May 18, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545909/are-inflammatory-cytokines-and-angiogenic-factors-a-predictive-biomarker-of-diabetes-retinopathy
#15
LETTER
Alexander E Berezin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 17, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549758/prevalence-of-abdominal-obesity-and-its-association-with-cardio-metabolic-risk-factors-among-older-adults-in-ecuador
#16
Carlos H Orces, Martha Montalvan, Daniel Tettamanti
AIMS: To describe the prevalence of abdominal obesity and its association with cardio metabolic risk factors among older adults in Ecuador. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The present study used data from the National Survey of Health, Wellbeing, and Aging survey to examine the prevalence of abdominal obesity according to certain demographic, behavioral, and health characteristics of the participants. Logistic regression models adjusted for potential confounders were used to evaluate the association of abdominal obesity with cardio metabolic risk factors...
May 15, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566238/correlation-of-resistin-serum-level-with-fat-mass-and-obesity-associated-gene-fto-rs9939609-polymorphism-in-obese-women-with-type-2-diabetes
#17
Maryam Abbasi Majdi, Naser Aga Mohammadzadeh, Hajie Lotfi, Rasoul Mahmoudi, Farzaneh Ghafarian Alipour, Fatemeh Shool, Mehdi Niknam Moghanloo, Sadeg Porfaraj, Nosratollah Zarghami
AIMS: The aim of this study was to detect any association of fat mass and obesity-associated (FTO) rs9939609 variant to metabolic and anthropometric parameters and resistin level as adipokines in Iranian obese women with type 2 diabetes mellitus. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Totally, 42 diabetic and 36 non-diabetic women were selected. The PCR amplicons of FTO gene were sequenced and metabolic, anthropometric parameters and resistin level were measured. RESULTS: Serum resistin concentrations were not different between diabetic and non-diabetic subjects (p>0...
May 13, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539201/the-association-between-ghrelin-levels-and-markers-of-arterial-stiffness-and-inflammatory-markers-in-saudi-subjects-with-metabolic-syndrome
#18
Tarek Mohamed Ali, Osama Mahmoud Mehanna, Ahmad El Askary
BACKGROUND: Arterial stiffness is a principal cardiovascular risk factor. Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is a predisposing factor to arterial stiffness and persistent MetS circumstances can deteriorate the arterial stiffness severity. Low concentrations of plasma ghrelin are meticulously connected to arterial stiffness. This work targeted to judge the relationship between plasma ghrelin levels and intima-media thickness (IMT) and brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV) as markers of arterial stiffness and inflammatory markers and in Saudi subjects with MetS...
May 12, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533070/maternal-and-paternal-periconceptional-nutrition-as-an-indicator-of-offspring-metabolic-syndrome-risk-in-later-life-through-epigenetic-imprinting-a-systematic-review
#19
REVIEW
Ashley R Dunford, Janice M Sangster
AIMS: This review examined whether maternal and paternal periconceptional nutrition effects an offspring's likelihood of developing chronic metabolic related conditions due to epigenetic imprinting. METHODS: A literature search was conducted in multiple science databases and limited to studies published after 2012, in English language and peer reviewed. The data from selected articles were extracted and a qualitative approach was employed due to heterogeneity of results...
May 10, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529126/l-a-ratio-insulin-resistance-and-metabolic-risk-in-women-with-polycystic-ovarian-syndrome
#20
Vandana Gupta, Supriya Mishra, Sameeksha Mishra, Vani Gupta
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The plasma leptin-adiponectin ratio (L:A) has been suggested as a one of the potentially independent predictor of metabolic risk and Insulin resistance in women with polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS). METHODS: This is a case-control study, total 439 female subjects, comprises in to two group 223 cases (PCOS) and 216 control (non-PCOS women) according to their clinical characteristics. Further both case and control group were sub-grouped in PCOS and non-PCOS with metabolic syndrome (wMetS) and without metabolic syndrome (woMetS) as per National Cholesterol Education Program Treatment Panel (NCEPATP) guidelines...
May 10, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
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