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Research in Gerontological Nursing

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28981919/mind-body-therapies-in-individuals-with-dementia-an-integrative-review
#1
Joel G Anderson, Carol E Rogers, Ann Bossen, Ingelin Testad, Karen M Rose
Mind-body therapies frequently derive from Eastern philosophies and are becoming increasingly popular. These therapies, such as meditation, yoga, tai chi, qigong, biofield therapies, and guided imagery, have many reported benefits for improving symptoms and physiological measures associated with various chronic diseases. However, clinical research data concerning the effectiveness of these practices in individuals with dementia have not been evaluated using a synthesis approach. Thus, an integrative review was conducted to evaluate studies examining the efficacy of mind-body therapies as supportive care modalities for management of symptoms experienced by individuals with dementia...
October 5, 2017: Research in Gerontological Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28981918/measuring-social-isolation-in-the-national-health-and-aging-trends-study
#2
Janet S Pohl, Barbara B Cochrane, Karen G Schepp, Nancy F Woods
The objectives of the current study were to describe the development of a social isolation measure based on Berkman and Syme's Social Network Index domains with data from the National Health and Aging Trends Study. A descriptive correlational design was used, establishing convergent and divergent validity of the measure with depression risk and well-being. Depression risk was measured with the Patient Health Questionnaire-2 and an ordinal well-being measure was developed based on measures in MIDUS-Midlife in the U...
October 5, 2017: Research in Gerontological Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926672/everyday-decision-making-in-individuals-with-early-stage-alzheimer-s-disease-an-integrative-review-of-the-literature
#3
REVIEW
Rebecca Davis, Mary K Ziomkowski, Amy Veltkamp
Individuals with Alzheimer's disease (AD) demonstrate fluctuation in cognitive abilities that can affect their ability to make decisions. Everyday decision making encompasses the types of decisions about typical daily activities, such as what to eat, what to do, and what to wear. Everyday decisions are encountered many times per day by individuals with AD/dementia and their caregivers. However, not much is known about the ability of individuals with AD/dementia to make these types of decisions. The purpose of the current literature review was to synthesize the evidence regarding everyday decision making in individuals with early-stage AD/dementia...
September 1, 2017: Research in Gerontological Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926671/development-of-an-oral-assessment-sheet-for-evaluating-older-adults-in-nursing-homes
#4
Shizuko Yanagisawa, Masanori Nakano, Takaharu Goto, Masami Yoshioka, Yasuhiko Shirayama
A new general use oral assessment sheet (OAS), comprising three items each in three categories (i.e., oral hygiene, biting and chewing, and oral function), was developed to improve the oral health of older adults requiring nursing care. Seventy-nine care workers used the assessment sheet to evaluate oral conditions in 188 institutionalized older adults. Forty-five care workers and three dental professionals then assessed oral conditions in 45 institutionalized older adults using the test-retest method before and after dental professional guidance...
September 1, 2017: Research in Gerontological Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926670/effect-of-an-age-simulation-suit-on-younger-adults-gait-performance-compared-to-older-adults-normal-gait
#5
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Andreas Lauenroth, Stephan Schulze, Anestis Ioannidis, Andreas Simm, Rene Schwesig
Age simulation suits are used to demonstrate typical physical impairments of older age (e.g., strength and sensory losses) in younger individuals. The purpose of the current study was to describe gait performance in different age groups while wearing an age simulation suit. A total of 178 participants ages 18 to 85 (mean age = 50.4 years, SD = 16.4 years) were assigned according to their age decade to four groups with (ages 18 to 59) and two groups without (ages 60 to 85) the aging suit. Gait performance was measured with a gait analysis system (GAITRite(®)) while walking at a self-chosen pace...
September 1, 2017: Research in Gerontological Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926669/effect-of-a-health-literacy-considered-diabetes-self-management-program-for-older-adults-in-south-korea
#6
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Soo Jin Lee, Misoon Song, Eun-Ok Im
The current randomized controlled study evaluated the effects of a health literacy-considered diabetes self-management program on diabetes-related parameters: diabetes self-management knowledge (DSK), diabetes health beliefs (DHB), diabetes self-efficacy (DSE), diabetes self-management behavior (DSMB), and diabetes biomarkers. Fifty-one Korean older adults with diabetes completed 12 weekly sessions that were developed based on their health literacy and health-related characteristics. The results indicate significant posttest differences between groups in DSK (p = 0...
September 1, 2017: Research in Gerontological Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926668/examining-life-goals-of-community-dwelling-low-income-older-adults
#7
Elizabeth P Howard, Kara E Louvar
Self-care and self-management programs are touted as a means to age successfully. Yet, these programs pay little regard to a critical first step-the personal goals of older adults. The capacity to self-identify goals and pursue actions toward goal achievement transcends age. An examination of life goals identified by community-dwelling, low-income older adults indicates that functional performance mechanisms are valued. Maintenance of health and increased physical activity were the two most commonly identified personal goals within a sample of 161 community-dwelling older adults residing in subsidized housing...
September 1, 2017: Research in Gerontological Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926667/integration-of-infection-management-and-palliative-care-in-nursing-homes-an-understudied-issue
#8
EDITORIAL
Patricia W Stone
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 1, 2017: Research in Gerontological Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742925/a-capabilities-approach-to-environmental-impact-on-nursing-home-resident-quality-of-life
#9
Whitney Thurman, Tracie C Harrison, Shelley A Blozis, Michelle Dionne-Vahalik, Sharilyn Mead
Nursing homes are the major provider of intermediate and long-term care outside of the hospital setting to individuals whose capacity for self-care is limited due to physical or cognitive impairments. Yet, despite their need for assistance, residents of nursing homes want to control their lives, set their routines, and do enjoyable things. The extent to which residents can maintain autonomy and dignity is important. The current study suggests an environmental gerontological framework, rooted in a capabilities approach, that can be used to consider environmental impact on quality of life in nursing homes...
July 1, 2017: Research in Gerontological Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742924/geocoding-to-manage-missing-data-in-a-secondary-analysis-of-community-dwelling-low-income-older-adults
#10
Kathy Wright, Shirley M Moore, Diana Lynn Morris, Susan Hazelett
Managing missing data in a secondary analysis is daunting, particularly if the data of interest were not included in the parent study design. The current study describes the use of geocoding to replace missing data from a parent study for a secondary analysis of socioeconomic and neighborhood characteristics in community-dwelling older adults who are dually eligible for Medicare and Medicaid. Geocoding was used to link participants' addresses to data from the American Community Survey to replace missing income and neighborhood data...
July 1, 2017: Research in Gerontological Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742923/comorbid-nighttime-agitation-sleep-disturbance-and-restless-legs-syndrome-what-next
#11
EDITORIAL
Kathy C Richards, Christine R Kovach
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 1, 2017: Research in Gerontological Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28556876/comparison-of-two-cognitive-training-programs-with-effects-on-functional-activities-and-quality-of-life
#12
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Magdaléna Hagovská, Oliver Dzvoník, Zuzana Olekszyová
The aim of the current study was to compare the effectiveness of two types of cognitive training in 60 older adults with mild cognitive impairment by assessing the impact on functional activities, quality of life (QOL), and various cognitive functions. The primary outcomes were functional activity level and QOL. The secondary outcome was cognitive examination. Group assignment was random. Group A (n = 30) underwent CogniPlus, a computer-based, cognitive training. Group B (n = 30) underwent classical group-based cognitive training...
July 1, 2017: Research in Gerontological Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28556875/nonpharmacological-treatments-for-post-stroke-depression-an-integrative-review-of-the-literature
#13
REVIEW
Niloufar Niakosari Hadidi, Roberta L Huna Wagner, Ruth Lindquist
Stroke is the fifth leading cause of death and the number one cause of long-term disability. Seventy-five percent of annual stroke victims are older than 65. Post-stroke depression (PSD) is a common consequence of stroke, with the estimated prevalence ranging from 25% to 79%. Although several studies have investigated the impact of pharmacological interventions on PSD, there is a significant gap in knowledge regarding the efficacy of nonpharmacological measures for treatment of PSD. The purpose of the current integrative literature review was to synthesize the state of knowledge on selected nonpharmacological treatments for PSD and present findings regarding the efficacy of investigated treatments...
July 1, 2017: Research in Gerontological Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541589/developing-the-supporting-choice-observational-tool-scot-a-formative-assessment-tool-to-assist-nursing-home-staff-in-realizing-resident-choice
#14
Jennifer A Palmer, Victoria A Parker, James F Burgess, Dan Berlowitz, A Lynn Snow, Susan L Mitchell, Christine W Hartmann
Quality of care in nursing homes has begun to address the importance of resident choice in daily life, yet there are no published tools to teach nursing home staff how to offer such choice. In the current study, a formative assessment tool was developed that can provide staff with detailed and concrete feedback on how to realize resident choice. The tool was created and refined through 22 hours of ethnographic observation in two Veterans Health Administration Community Living Centers (CLCs), 22 hours of developmental testing in two CLCs, review by a modified Delphi panel, and use of an algorithm to assess its logical structure...
May 1, 2017: Research in Gerontological Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541588/effects-of-low-intensity-exercise-in-older-adults-with-chronic-heart-failure-during-the-transitional-period-from-hospital-to-home-in-china-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Li Xueyu, Yu Hao, Xu Shunlin, Li Rongbin, Gao Yuan
The transitional period from hospital to home is critical to decreasing rates of preventable, poor post-discharge outcomes. Older adults with chronic heart failure (CHF) may be challenged to exercise during the transitional period. The purpose of the current study was to test the effects of low-intensity exercise on health-related quality of life (HRQoL), physical function, and heart function in Chinese older adults with CHF during the transitional period. The study was randomized, single-blinded, and controlled...
May 1, 2017: Research in Gerontological Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541587/iranian-nurses-challenges-in-caring-for-older-adults-a-content-analysis-study
#16
Haydeh Heidari, Marjan Mardani-Hamooleh
The current study describes Iranian nurses' challenges in caring for older adults. Participants included 22 nurses who were selected by purposeful method and underwent semi-structured, face-to-face interviews. The interviews were reviewed, and three categories and seven subcategories were noted. The category older adults-nurse interaction challenges included: specific characteristics of older adults and inappropriate interaction between nurses and older adults. The category structural problems included: shortage of nurses, inappropriateness of ward environment, and service problems...
May 1, 2017: Research in Gerontological Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541586/depression-in-family-caregivers-of-mexican-descent-exacerbated-by-stress-and-mitigated-by-mutuality
#17
Janice D Crist, Alice Pasvogel, Laura A Szalacha, Brooke A Finley
Despite common assumptions that non-paid family caregivers of Mexican descent benefit spiritually from their roles according to cultural familistic norms, there is also evidence of caregiver stress resulting in depression. Depression has the potential to seriously affect caregivers' health and their ability to continue to provide care. The current study's purpose was to examine the relationships among depression, stress, and mutuality (i.e., the quality of the caregiver-care recipient relationship) (N = 74 caregivers of Mexican descent in the southwestern United States)...
May 1, 2017: Research in Gerontological Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541585/approaches-to-affective-behavioral-and-cognitive-symptoms-of-individuals-with-dementia-a-thorny-issue-and-a-rose-by-another-name
#18
EDITORIAL
Christine R Kovach, Ann Kolanowski, Andrea Gilmore-Bykovskyi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 1, 2017: Research in Gerontological Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27665756/falls-and-fall-prevention-in-older-adults-with-early-stage-dementia-an-integrative-review
#19
REVIEW
Helen W Lach, Barbara E Harrison, Sutthida Phongphanngam
Older adults with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and early-stage dementia have an increased risk of falling, with risks to their health and quality of life. The purpose of the current integrative review was to evaluate evidence on fall risk and fall prevention in this population. Studies were included if they examined falls or fall risk factors in older adults with MCI or early-stage dementia, or reported interventions in this population; 40 studies met criteria. Evidence supports the increased risk of falls in individuals even in the early stages of dementia or MCI, and changes in gait, balance, and fear of falling that may be related to this increased fall risk...
May 1, 2017: Research in Gerontological Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339003/influence-of-leisure-competence-and-level-of-leisure-activity-on-life-satisfaction-in-low-income-older-adults-in-rural-south-korea
#20
Jihea Choi, Jung A Choi
The purpose of the current study was to investigate the relationships among leisure competence, level of leisure activity, and life satisfaction in low-income older adults in rural South Korea. A sample of 137 older adults answered the study questionnaire, and significant differences in leisure competence were noted depending on age, religion, and perceived health status as well as level of leisure activity based on perceived health status and type of leisure activities. There were also notable differences in life satisfaction regarding religion and perceived health status, and a correlation among leisure competence, level of leisure activity, and life satisfaction; the influencing power of leisure competence and level of leisure activity on life satisfaction was 47%...
March 1, 2017: Research in Gerontological Nursing
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