Read by QxMD icon Read


Denys N Wheatley
Rediscoveries are not uncommon. However, sometimes they can be more significant than confirmatory or extensions of existing findings, although many authors today refer to them as discoveries in their own right. This has led to papers repeatedly rehearsing the expression "we show here for the first time…". When a finding has opened up a whole new field of research, this is more in line with a true discovery. When particular attention is drawn to such an event by editorials in widely read journals, such as Nature , its importance is bolstered...
2018: Ecancermedicalscience
Zhen Ni Zhou, Chelsea Canon, Cathleen Matrai, Eloise Chapman-Davis
The patient is a 42-year-old woman with metastatic primary peritoneal carcinoma and known brain metastases, who subsequently developed cauda equina syndrome after presenting with ataxia, lower extremity weakness, and bowel and bladder incontinence secondary to leptomeningeal metastasis after treatment with neoadjuvant chemotherapy, surgical debulking, and adjuvant chemotherapy. Metastases to the central nervous system (CNS) and leptomeninges are rare events in epithelial ovarian and primary peritoneal carcinomas as these tumours do not have a predilection for the CNS...
2018: Ecancermedicalscience
Jaqui Walker, Pippa Hutchison, Junbo Ge, Dong Zhao, Yongjun Wang, Peter M Rothwell, J Michael Gaziano, Andrew Chan, John Burn, John Chia, Ruth Langley, Valerie O'Donnell, Bianca Rocca, Chris Hawkey
Acetylsalicylic acid was first synthesised by Dr FeIix Hoffman on 10th August 1897 and Aspirin was born. It quickly became the best-known pain killer in the world and in the 120 years since this event, aspirin has continued to attract interest, innovation and excitement. Set within the walls of the preserved ruins of Rudolf Virchow's lecture hall at Charité, within Berlin's Museum of Medical History, the International Aspirin Foundation's 28th Scientific Conference served to facilitate international, multi-disease, multidisciplinary discussion about the current understanding of aspirin's mechanisms of action and its utility in modern medicine as well as ideas for future research into its multifaceted applications to enhance global health...
2018: Ecancermedicalscience
Carolina Belmar-Lopez, Carlos A Castaneda, Miluska Castillo, Pamela García-Corrochano, Enrique Orrego, Barbara Meléndez, Sandro Casavilca, Claudio Flores, Enrique Orrego
Purpose: O6 -methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase ( MGMT ) promoter methylation predicts the outcome and response to alkylating chemotherapy in glioblastoma. The aim of this study is to evaluate the prevalence of MGMT methylation in Peruvian glioblastoma cases. Patients and methods: We evaluated retrospectively 50 cases of resected glioblastoma during the period 2008-2013 at Instituto Nacional de Enfermedades Neoplasicas in Peru. Samples consisted of paraffin embedded and frozen tumour tissue...
2018: Ecancermedicalscience
Amnon A Berger, Cathleen E Matrai, Tessa Cigler, Melissa K Frey
Breast cancer is the most prevalent cancer in the United States. With an increasing rate of survivorship and extended life span for patients with metastatic disease, the demand for palliative care is increasing. Although uncommon, metastases to gynaecologic organs have been reported and are often present with post-menopausal bleeding. Post-menopausal bleeding can become clinically significant and have a detrimental effect on quality of life. We report the case of a 70-year-old woman with symptomatic vaginal bleeding caused by breast cancer metastatic to her uterus, cervix, fallopian tubes and ovaries...
2018: Ecancermedicalscience
Joaira Bakkach, Mohamed Mansouri, Ali Loudiyi, Naima Ghailani Nourouti, Amina Barakat, Mohcine Bennani Mechita
The occurrence of secondary breast cancers in women previously exposed to chest irradiation for Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) is considered as a major issue for the quality of life of these long-term survivors as well as a challenge for clinical management. This study reports a case of a woman treated for HL at the age of 24 years, who developed breast cancer after an interval of 20 years. This case highlights once again the importance of awareness among HL survivors about their increased breast cancer risk and re-launches the debate about the efficacy of adoption of breast screening guidelines...
2018: Ecancermedicalscience
Rebecca J Thorne, Rosanne J Bruggink, Stephen J Kelly, Sarah Jl Payne, Simon J Purcell, David A Montgomery
Since 2013, once a medicine receives marketing authorisation in the European Union, it is labelled with an inverted black triangle indicating all adverse reactions should be reported. Our aim was to explore understanding of the black triangle and compliance with adverse event (AE) reporting requirements by UK oncology healthcare professionals (HCPs). A questionnaire was electronically distributed to oncology pharmacists (P) via the British Oncology Pharmacy Association, to oncologists (O) through the Association of Cancer Physicians and also to nurses (N) via the UK Oncology Nursing Society...
2018: Ecancermedicalscience
Víctor Lago, Santiago Domingo, Luis Matute, Pablo Padilla-Iserte, Marta Gurrea
In order to reach cytoreduction in advanced ovarian cancer, peritonectomy and diaphragmatic stripping are procedures required to remove the disease in the upper abdomen. Diaphragm involvement is estimated in up to 40% of cases. Nevertheless, in some of these patients, the tumour volume may constitute a limitation of the technique due to the association with abdominal wall involvement, bulky tumour at the Morrison's pouch or liver infiltration. Extensive upper abdominal procedures should represent a basic resource for the gynaecologic oncologist in order to reach an optimal cytoreduction...
2018: Ecancermedicalscience
Honor J Hugo, Aneta Zysk, Pallave Dasari, Kara Britt, John L Hopper, Jennifer Stone, Erik W Thompson, Wendy V Ingman
On a mammogram, breast density (also known as mammographic density) is shown as white and bright regions and is associated with reduced sensitivity in cancer detection and increased breast cancer risk. However, many Australian women are unaware of the significance of breast density as it is not routinely reported or discussed. In order to address this lack of knowledge, Australian breast cancer researchers with expertise in mammographic density formed the InforMD alliance (INformation FORum on Mammographic Density) in 2016...
2018: Ecancermedicalscience
Azra Izanloo, Kamran Ghaffarzadehgan, Fahimeh Khoshroo, Maryam Erfani Haghiri, Sara Izanloo, Mohadeseh Samiee, Alireza Tabatabaei, Azadeh Mirshahi, Morteza Fakoor, Najmeh Jafari Moghadam, Sayyed Majid Sadrzadeh
Introduction: According to recent statistics, there has been a rapid growth of breast cancer in developing countries. Thus, early detection is essential. This study is based on the perception of people in the Northeast of Iran regarding breast cancer screening. Methods: In a cross-sectional study, 1469 women were selected randomly in the period from April to November 2016. The study population consisted of women or their companions referring to outpatient clinics or people in public urban areas who filled out a breast cancer screening questionnaire in an interview...
2018: Ecancermedicalscience
Milagros Abad-Licham, Jose Galvez-Olortegui, Juan Astigueta, Juan Díaz-Plasencia
Objective: To evaluate the diagnostic validity of fine-needle capillary cytology (FNCC) in palpable tumours. Material and methods: A retrospective, single-tray, cross-sectional diagnostic test study was carried out. We reviewed the cytological reports of the case files of the Cytology Unit of the Northern Regional Institute of Neoplastic Diseases (IREN) from January 2012 to December 2016. Results: A total of 332 patients were selected, with an average age of 54...
2018: Ecancermedicalscience
Stevan Bruijns, Camillo Lamanna
Healthcare-related research is largely regional. Put simply, this is because disease burdens differ between world regions. Even global burdens, such as ischaemic heart disease and cancer, display distinctive characteristics in certain regions that are not seen in others. Regional differences in infrastructure, resources and human capital further compound the differences seen, as they affect the way in which the local scientific community can interact with the local disease burden. As such, it seems fair to assume that healthcare-related research ought to be regionally distributed...
2018: Ecancermedicalscience
Ourania Nicolatou-Galitis, Cesar Migliorati
The definition, pathobiology and risk factors of ONJ in cancer patients who receive BTAs are discussed in the recent ecancer module for osteonecrosis of the jaw ( ONJ prevention, early diagnosis and management are presented. The critical question of the performance of dental extraction, during BTA therapy, as indicated with the recent studies, is supported. The importance of the collaboration between dental and oncology professionals and the patients is highlighted and can be achieved through appropriate education...
2018: Ecancermedicalscience
Bishal Gyawali, Pan Pantziarka, Sergio Crispino, Gauthier Bouche
Among the various measures proposed to combat the challenge of financial toxicity in cancer care, an important strategy is the use of lower-priced drugs instead of expensive alternatives. However, the oncology community seems to either ignore or more readily reject cheaper drugs in cancer care compared to more expensive alternatives. In this commentary, we present three examples of lower-priced drugs rejected or ignored by the oncology community and contrast this with three expensive drugs where persistent optimism remained despite negative clinical trial results...
2018: Ecancermedicalscience
Ana Catarina Freitas, Ana Opinião, Sofia Fragoso, Hugo Nunes, Madalena Santos, Ana Clara, Sandra Bento, Ana Luis, Jorge Silva, Cecília Moura, Bruno Filipe, Patrícia Machado, Sidónia Santos, Saudade André, Paula Rodrigues, Joana Parreira, Fátima Vaz
Background: Hereditary breast and ovary cancer syndrome affects both genders but little is known about the uptake of genetic services by men. The objective of this study is to characterise the male population counselled through a multidisciplinary breast/ovarian program. Methods: Descriptive analysis of male patients counselled from January 2000 to December 2015. Data in this analysis include new cancer diagnoses during prospective follow up. Results: From 4,320 families registered, 362 male patients were identified: 236 (65...
2018: Ecancermedicalscience
Amy Dawson, Marta Llauradó Fernandez, Michael Anglesio, Paul J Yong, Mark S Carey
Endometriosis is a fascinating disease that we strive to better understand. Molecular techniques are shedding new light on many important aspects of this disease: from pathogenesis to the recognition of distinct disease variants like deep infiltrating endometriosis. The observation that endometriosis is a cancer precursor has now been strengthened with the knowledge that mutations that are present in endometriosis-associated cancers can be found in adjacent endometriosis lesions. Recent genomic studies, placed in context, suggest that deep infiltrating endometriosis may represent a benign neoplasm that invades locally but rarely metastasises...
2018: Ecancermedicalscience
Danielle Crawley, Florence Chamberlain, Hans Garmo, Sarah Rudman, Björn Zethelius, Lars Holmberg, Jan Adolfsson, Par Stattin, Paul Carroll, Mieke Van Hemelrijck
Prostate cancer (PCa) and type two diabetes mellitus (T2DM) are both increasing prevalent conditions and often occur concurrently. However, the relationship between the two is more complex than just two prevalent conditions co-existing. This review systematically explores the literature around the interplay between the two conditions. It covers the impact of pre-existing T2DM on PCa incidence, grade and stage, as well as exploring the impact of T2DM on PCa outcomes and mortality and the interaction between T2DM and PCa treatments...
2018: Ecancermedicalscience
Mohammed Tag-Adeen, Keiichi Hashiguchi, Yuko Akazawa, Ken Ohnita, Sawayama Yasushi, Niino Daisuke, Kazuhiko Nakao
Adult T-cell Leukemia/Lymphoma (ATL) is a rare disease, related to human T-lymphotropic virus-1 (HTLV-1) and presented mainly in adulthood by generalised lymphadenopathy, hepatosplenomegaly, skin lesions and hypercalcaemia, with rare gastrointestinal and/or oral manifestations. We reported this case to raise awareness and demonstrate the therapeutic challenges of this rare disease. A 49-year-old Japanese female presented with skin papules on both forearms, painful mouth ulcers and multiple neck swellings since early February 2017...
2018: Ecancermedicalscience
Anna Rotili, Federica De Maria, Benedetta Di Venosa, Mariacristina Ghioni, Maria Pizzamiglio, Enrico Cassano, Michela Moratti
Neurofibromas are benign peripheral nerve sheath tumours, which are usually solitary and sporadic. Solitary neurofibromas of the breast are rare. The most common location of a breast neurofibroma is the nipple-areola complex. We report a rare case of a 56-year-old woman with a solitary neurofibroma of the right breast sulcus.
2018: Ecancermedicalscience
Karoline Stenning-Persivale, Maria Jose Savitzky Franco, Alejandra Cordero-Morales, José Cruzado-Burga, Ebert Poquioma, Edgar Díaz Nava, Eduardo Payet
Introduction: The Mortality-Incidence Ratio complement [1 - MIR] is an indicator validated in various populations to estimate five-year cancer survival, but its validity remains unreported in Peru. This study aims to determine if the MIR correlates directly with five-year survival in patients diagnosed with the ten most common types of cancer in metropolitan Lima. Materials and methods: The Metropolitan Lima Cancer Registry (RCLM in Spanish) for 2004-2005 was used to determine the number of new cases and the number of deaths of the following cancers: breast, stomach, prostate, thyroid, lung, colon, cervical, and liver cancers, as well as non-Hodgkin's lymphoma and leukaemia...
2018: Ecancermedicalscience
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"