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Anatomical Sciences Education

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762912/professional-and-personal-competency-development-in-near-peer-tutors-of-gross-anatomy-a-longitudinal-mixed-methods-study
#1
Simone Alvarez, Jobst-Hendrik Schultz
There are many benefits to peer and near-peer tutoring. The current literature suggests that near-peer teaching within the domain of gross anatomy may lead to the development of numerous competencies for burgeoning medical professionals. The aim of this study was a quantitative and qualitative approach to explore which professional and personal competencies anatomy tutors developed as a result of their teaching activities in a gross anatomy course at a medical school in Germany. For a period of 18 months, 24 peer tutors were followed and queried multiple times via questionnaire and semi-structured interviews...
May 15, 2018: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762910/-why-did-you-really-do-it-a-mixed-method-analysis-of-the-factors-underpinning-motivations-to-register-as-a-body-donor
#2
Jon Cornwall, Zoe Poppelwell, Ruth McManus
Individuals who register as body donors do so for various reasons, with aiding medical science a common motivation. Despite awareness of several key reasons for donation, there are few in-depth explorations of these motivations to contextualize persons' reasons for donating. This study undertakes a mixed-method exploration of motivations for body donation to facilitate deeper understanding of the reasons underpinning donor registration. A survey of all newly registered body donors at a New Zealand university was performed over a single year...
May 15, 2018: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762904/the-design-and-evaluation-of-a-master-of-science-program-in-anatomical-sciences-at-queen-s-university-canada
#3
Klodiana Kolomitro, Leslie W MacKenzie, David Wiercigroch, Lorraine Godden
The purpose of this study was to describe the design and evolution of a unique and successful Master of Science program in anatomical sciences at one Canadian post-secondary institution and to evaluate its long-term impact on student learning. This program prepares students to teach anatomy and design curricula in the anatomical sciences and is structured around three pillars of competency-content (disciplinary knowledge and transferable skills), pedagogy, and inquiry. Graduates of the program from the last ten years were surveyed, to better understand the knowledge, skills, and habits of mind they have adopted and implemented since completion...
May 15, 2018: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762903/the-role-of-anatomy-computer-assisted-learning-on-spatial-abilities-of-medical-students
#4
Bruno Guimarães, João Firmino-Machado, Stanislav Tsisar, Benedita Viana, Marco Pinto-Sousa, Pedro Vieira-Marques, Ricardo Cruz-Correia, Maria Amélia Ferreira
Currently, medical education context poses different challenges to anatomy, contributing to the introduction of new pedagogical approaches, such as computer-assisted learning (CAL). This approach provides insight into students' learning profiles and skills that enhance anatomy knowledge acquisition. To understand the influence of anatomy CAL on spatial abilities, a study was conducted. A total of 671 medical students attending Musculoskeletal (MA) and Cardiovascular Anatomy (CA) courses, were allocated to one of three groups (MA Group, CA Group, MA + CA Group)...
May 15, 2018: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683560/hands-on-or-no-hands-on-training-in-ultrasound-imaging-a-randomized-trial-to-evaluate-learning-outcomes-and-speed-of-recall-of-topographic-anatomy
#5
Lars Knudsen, Ralph Nawrotzki, Andreas Schmiedl, Christian Mühlfeld, Carsten Kruschinski, Matthias Ochs
Medical students have difficulties in interpreting two-dimensional (2D) topographic anatomy on sectional images. Hands-on and no hands-on training in ultrasound imaging facilitate learning topographic anatomy. Hands-on training is linked with active search for patterns of anatomical structures and might train pattern recognition for image interpretation better although the added value on learning outcomes is unclear. This study explores first year medical students' knowledge in topographic anatomy of the upper abdomen after attending hands-on or no hands-on training in ultrasound in a randomized trial...
April 23, 2018: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673106/use-of-dynamic-images-in-radiology-education-movies-of-ct-and-mri-in-the-anatomy-classroom
#6
Hye Won Jang, Chang-Seok Oh, Yeon Hyeon Choe, Dong Su Jang
Radiology education is a key component in many preclinical anatomy courses. However, the reported effectiveness of radiology education within such anatomy classrooms has varied. This study was conducted to determine if a novel educational method using dynamic images of movies of computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) was effective in radiology education during a preclinical anatomy course, aided by clay modeling, specific hand gestures (digit anatomy), and reports from dissection findings uploaded to the anatomy course website (digital reports)...
April 19, 2018: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659188/dissecting-through-barriers-a-follow-up-study-on-the-long-term-effects-of-interprofessional-education-in-a-dissection-course-with-healthcare-professional-students
#7
Yu Hang Eric Zheng, Andrew Palombella, Jenn Salfi, Bruce Wainman
Several studies have shown significant improvements in the attitudes and perceptions of healthcare professional students toward interprofessional education (IPE) immediately following intervention with IPE courses. However, there remains little evidence on the lasting effects of IPE courses and the long-term influences of these IPE experiences are poorly documented. The purpose of this study is to assess the long-term effects of an intensive, ten-week interprofessional gross anatomy dissection course at McMaster University...
April 16, 2018: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659165/improving-academic-performance-of-sport-and-exercise-science-undergraduate-students-in-gross-anatomy-using-a-near-peer-teaching-program
#8
Ricardo Borges Viana, Mário Hebling Campos, Douglas de Assis Teles Santos, Isabela Cristina Maioni Xavier, Rodrigo Luiz Vancini, Marília Santos Andrade, Claudio Andre Barbosa de Lira
Peer and near-peer teaching programs are common in medical undergraduate courses. However, there are no studies that have investigated the effectiveness of a near-peer teaching program on the academic performance of undergraduate students pursuing sport and exercise science coursework. This study was conducted to analyze the effectiveness of such a program for students who participated in a course on the functional anatomy of the locomotor apparatus. A total of 39 student participants were divided into two groups: students in one group voluntarily attended at least one session of a near-peer teaching program, and students in the other group attended no sessions...
April 16, 2018: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659155/breaking-with-tradition-a-scoping-meta-analysis-analyzing-the-effects-of-student-centered-learning-and-computer-aided-instruction-on-student-performance-in-anatomy
#9
Adam B Wilson, Kirsten M Brown, Jonathan Misch, Corinne H Miller, Barbie A Klein, Melissa A Taylor, Michael Goodwin, Eve K Boyle, Chantal Hoppe, Michelle D Lazarus
While prior meta-analyses in anatomy education have explored the effects of laboratory pedagogies and histology media on learner performance, the effects of student-centered learning (SCL) and computer-aided instruction (CAI) have not been broadly evaluated. This research sought to answer the question, "How effective are student-centered pedagogies and CAI at increasing student knowledge gains in anatomy compared to traditional didactic approaches?" Relevant studies published within the past 51 years were searched using five databases...
April 16, 2018: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29648679/the-effect-of-content-delivery-style-on-student-performance-in-anatomy
#10
Lloyd J White, Heath W McGowan, Aaron C McDonald
The development of new technologies and ensuing pedagogical research has led many tertiary institutions to integrate and adopt online learning strategies. The authors of this study have incorporated online learning strategies into existing educational practices of a second year anatomy course, resulting in half of the course content delivered via face-to-face lectures, and half delivered online via tailored video vignettes, with accompanying worksheets and activities. The effect of the content delivery mode on student learning was analyzed by tailoring questions to content presented either face-to-face or online...
April 12, 2018: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29648678/a-shortage-of-cadavers-the-predicament-of-regional-anatomy-education-in-mainland-china
#11
Dan Chen, Qi Zhang, Jing Deng, Yan Cai, Jufang Huang, Fang Li, Kun Xiong
Both in mainland China and around the world, regional anatomy stands as one of the most important basic science courses in medical school curricula. As such, dissection of human cadavers and use of prosected specimens remains the most essential teaching method in anatomy education. However, medical educators have raised increasing concerns about an ongoing shortage of cadavers for medical use in mainland China, a problem which may seriously limit the future development of human anatomy education. Based on a survey on cadaver usage in anatomy education in mainland China, this study found that the cadaver resources of most given medical schools in mainland China are associated with their geographic location, academic ranking, and local support for body donation policies...
April 12, 2018: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624896/the-use-and-effectiveness-of-interactive-progressive-drawing-in-anatomy-education
#12
Sarah J Greene
Anatomical relationships are challenging concepts for first-year medical students. The use of progressive drawing, where an image is created from a blank template, has long been utilized for outlining anatomical relationships and continuity from one region to another, and has shown positive outcomes for student learning. More recently, computerized progressive drawing has been introduced; however, challenges, including issues with visual clarity, have been described. In this study, 17 computerized screencasts of drawings covering neurovasculature of the limbs, abdomen, pelvis, head, and neck were created and provided to first-year medical students at Morehouse School of Medicine...
April 6, 2018: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29603672/early-and-prolonged-opportunities-to-practice-suturing-increases-medical-student-comfort-with-suturing-during-clerkships-suturing-during-cadaver-dissection
#13
Edward P Manning, Priti L Mishall, Maxwell D Weidmann, Herschel Flax, Sam Lan, Mark Erlich, William B Burton, Todd R Olson, Sherry A Downie
Medical students are expected to perform common procedures such as suturing on patients during their third-year clerkships. However, these experiences are often viewed by medical students as stressors rather than opportunities for learning. The source of this stress is the lack of instruction on common procedures prior to being asked to observe or perform the procedure on a patient. First-time exposures to procedures in stressful environments may result in decreased confidence in medical students and decrease the frequency with which they perform these procedures in the future...
March 30, 2018: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29603656/guiding-low-spatial-ability-individuals-through-visual-cueing-the-dual-importance-of-where-and-when-to-look
#14
Victoria A Roach, Graham M Fraser, James H Kryklywy, Derek G V Mitchell, Timothy D Wilson
Research suggests that spatial ability may predict success in complex disciplines including anatomy, where mastery requires a firm understanding of the intricate relationships occurring along the course of veins, arteries, and nerves, as they traverse through and around bones, muscles, and organs. Debate exists on the malleability of spatial ability, and some suggest that spatial ability can be enhanced through training. It is hypothesized that spatial ability can be trained in low-performing individuals through visual guidance...
March 30, 2018: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29578649/assessing-the-impact-of-the-graduate-certificate-in-anatomical-sciences-instruction-a-post-degree-survey
#15
April Richardson-Hatcher, Brian MacPherson, Douglas Gould, Jennifer Brueckner-Collins
There are few graduate programs available for pursuing a doctorate in anatomy where students gain specific training in gross anatomy dissection and the responsibilities of a medical educator. In light of this fact, the University of Kentucky created a Graduate Certificate in Anatomical Sciences Instruction in 2006. This 12-credit hour curriculum includes detailed training in gross anatomy and/or neuroscience courses, practicum experiences, a seminar class in pedagogical literature, and a course in educational strategies for the anatomical sciences...
March 26, 2018: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29569370/putting-gross-anatomy-into-the-curriculum-new-anatomy-syllabi-for-nursing-and-pharmacy-students
#16
LETTER
Gabrielle M Finn, Siobhan A Connolly, Thomas H Gillingwater, Claire F Smith
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 22, 2018: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29569347/first-year-medical-student-peer-nominations-of-professionalism-a-methodological-detective-story-about-making-sense-of-non-sense
#17
Trey C Mullikin, Varun Shahi, Douglas Grbic, Wojciech Pawlina, Frederic W Hafferty
This article explores the assessment of professionalism within a cohort of medical students during a sequential 13-week medical school histology and anatomy course. Across seven data points, students were asked to identify a professionalism role model from amongst their peers and to score Likert-structured rationales for their decision. Based on density scores, an initial social network analysis identified six peer-nomination "stars." However, analysis of these stars revealed considerable variability and random-like "noise" in both the nomination and explanation data sets...
March 22, 2018: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29533532/another-nail-in-the-coffin-for-learning-styles-disparities-among-undergraduate-anatomy-students-study-strategies-class-performance-and-reported-vark-learning-styles
#18
Polly R Husmann, Valerie Dean O'Loughlin
The concept and existence of learning styles has been fraught with controversy, and recent studies have thrown their existence into doubt. Yet, many students still hold to the conventional wisdom that learning styles are legitimate, and may adapt their outside of class study strategies to match these learning styles. Thus, this study aims to assess if undergraduate anatomy students are more likely to utilize study strategies that align with their hypothetical learning styles (using the VARK analysis from Fleming and Mills, , Improve Acad...
March 13, 2018: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29493909/improving-online-interactions-lessons-from-an-online-anatomy-course-with-a-laboratory-for-undergraduate-students
#19
Stefanie M Attardi, Michele L Barbeau, Kem A Rogers
An online section of a face-to-face (F2F) undergraduate (bachelor's level) anatomy course with a prosection laboratory was offered in 2013-2014. Lectures for F2F students (353) were broadcast to online students (138) using Blackboard Collaborate (BBC) virtual classroom. Online laboratories were offered using BBC and three-dimensional (3D) anatomical computer models. This iteration of the course was modified from the previous year to improve online student-teacher and student-student interactions. Students were divided into laboratory groups that rotated through virtual breakout rooms, giving them the opportunity to interact with three instructors...
March 1, 2018: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742329/human-skills-for-human-istic-anatomy-an-emphasis-on-nontraditional-discipline-independent-skills
#20
EDITORIAL
Darrell J R Evans, Wojciech Pawlina, Nirusha Lachman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 6, 2018: Anatomical Sciences Education
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