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Anatomical Sciences Education

Kuo-Hsing Kuo, Joyce M Leo
Many technological innovations have changed the traditional practice of medical education and clinical practice. Whole slide imaging (WSI) technology provided an unique way of viewing conventional glass slides in histology and pathology laboratories. The WSI technology digitalized glass slide images and made them readily accessible via the Internet using tablets or computers. Users utilized the pan-and-zoom function to view digital images of slides, also referred to as the virtual microscope (VM), simulating use of an optical microscope (OM)...
November 10, 2018: Anatomical Sciences Education
Floyd E Bell, Francis H Neuffer, T Robert Haddad, James C Epps, Michael E Kozik, Brandon C Warren
More emphasis is now being placed on active learning in medical education. Ultrasound is an active learning tool that can be used to supplement didactic instruction. This study describes a self-guided activity for learning floor of mouth ultrasound. Thirty-three first year medical students learned floor of mouth scan technique and ultrasound anatomy through a brief PowerPoint module. They subsequently performed the scan on a standardized patient. Each student was asked to label the floor of mouth muscles on the image he or she acquired...
November 9, 2018: Anatomical Sciences Education
Edward Bietzk, Renate Weller, Victoria Simons, Sarah B Channon
Development of new methods for anatomy teaching is increasingly important as we look to modernize and supplement traditional teaching methods. In this study, a life-sized equine model, "Geoff" was painted with surface and deep anatomical structures with the aim of improving students' ability to convert theoretical knowledge into improved topographical anatomy knowledge on the live horse. Third and fourth year veterinary medicine students (n = 45) were randomly allocated into experimental (used "Geoff") and control (used textbook) groups...
November 9, 2018: Anatomical Sciences Education
Huixiang Wang, Fei Lyu, Kapil Sugand, Sheungting Wong, Yanping Lin, Qiugen Wang
Acetabular fractures are a real challenge for junior doctors as well as experienced orthopedic surgeons. Correct fracture classification is crucial for appreciating the fracture type, surgical planning and predicting prognosis. Although three-dimensional (3D) tutorial is believed to improve understanding of complex anatomy structure, there have been few applications and randomized controlled trials to confirm it in orthopedics. This study aims to develop a 3D interactive software system for teaching acetabular fracture classification and evaluate its efficacy...
November 9, 2018: Anatomical Sciences Education
Robert D Catena, Kira J Carbonneau
A qualitative biomechanics (functional anatomy) course is a typical course in kinesiology curriculum. Most evidence suggests that biomechanics learning could be improved with the inclusion of laboratory experiences. However, implementing laboratories into biomechanics curriculum is difficult due to cost and time constraints. This study was conducted to evaluate whether hands-on activities in lecture improve qualitative biomechanics learning. A lecture format was compared to the same course with guided and unguided hands-on activities included during lecture...
November 8, 2018: Anatomical Sciences Education
Claire F Smith, Gabrielle M Finn, Catherine Hennessy, Ciara Luscombe, Jane Stewart, Stephen McHanwell
"What do students studying medicine need to know" is an important question for curriculum planners, anatomy educators and students. The Core Regional Anatomy Syllabus (CRAS), published by the Anatomical Society in 2016, contains 156 learning outcomes (LOs) and has informed "what needs to be known." This project explored how CRAS had impacted undergraduate anatomy and anatomists in the United Kingdom. A cross-sectional study was designed in two phases. Phase 1, involved a survey of students in clinical years (N = 164)...
November 8, 2018: Anatomical Sciences Education
Simon Backhouse, Darci Taylor, James A Armitage
Understanding orbital anatomy is important for optometry students, but the learning resources available are often fragile, expensive, and accessible only during scheduled classes. Drawing on a constructivist, personalized approach to learning, this study investigated students' perceptions of an alternative learning resource: a three-dimensional (3D) printed model used in an active learning task. A human skull was three-dimensionally scanned and used to produce a 3D printed model for each student. Students actively participated in model creation by tracing suture lines and coloring individual orbital bones during a practical class, then keeping the model for future study...
November 8, 2018: Anatomical Sciences Education
Valerie Dean O'Loughlin, Polly R Husmann, James J Brokaw
Education research is increasingly being recognized as a legitimate route for faculty development in universities. However, many anatomy faculty lack the appropriate training and access to experienced mentors who can help them develop their own education research projects. Inspired by the American Physiological Society's Institute for Teaching and Learning, the coauthors proposed and developed the inaugural Anatomy Education Research Institute (AERI 2017). Funded by an American Association of Anatomists Innovations grant, the five-day institute was held in Bloomington, Indiana in July 2017...
November 6, 2018: Anatomical Sciences Education
Katherine Marino, Deborah Merrick, Kimberly Edwards, Margaret Pratten
The United Kingdom is currently facing crisis due to a shortage of radiology consultants despite ever-increasing demand for medical imaging. The specifics of how best to teach radiology has generated increasing interest. This study aims to determine whether musculoskeletal (MSK) radiology teaching at the University of Nottingham (UoN) Medical School is perceived to be satisfactory by medical students, Foundation-Year doctors, and senior medical professionals in preparing students for the demands working as Foundation-Year doctors...
November 5, 2018: Anatomical Sciences Education
Magdalena García, Noemí Victory, Alicia Navarro-Sempere, Yolanda Segovia
The aim of this study was to provide a better understanding of the main difficulties hindering undergraduate biology students in learning histology. The study utilized a self-administered questionnaire which included three closed-ended and two open-ended questions: (1) if students had difficulty in learning about each tissue type; (2) what might be the problem in learning about the tissue at hand; (3) which topics were the most difficult; (4) what were the possible reasons that made image identification of tissue types difficult; and (5) how to improve the course curriculum from a student perspective...
October 30, 2018: Anatomical Sciences Education
Jane C Holland, Teresa Pawlikowska
While case-based discussions can empower students to apply knowledge to contextual clinical situations, scheduling these activities is a challenge in crowded curricula. Case-based eLearning activities, derived from existing cases discussed within anatomy small group tutorials, were created incorporating principles such as interactivity, reinforcement, and feedback. Over half of the students accessed one or more of these online cases, with 18% accessing all eight online cases provided. Access increased as the semester progressed, particularly just before summative examinations, implying students used these primarily as revision aides...
October 30, 2018: Anatomical Sciences Education
Carmen Romo Barrientos, Juan José Criado-Álvarez, Jaime González-González, Isabel Ubeda-Bañon, Daniel Saiz-Sanchez, Alicia Flores-Cuadrado, José Luis Martín-Conty, Antonio Viñuela, Alino Martinez-Marcos, Alicia Mohedano-Moriano
Practical training in the dissection of human cadavers is a fundamental and traditional component of human anatomy education in medical schools. This practice, however, can be stressful for students and can generate a certain amount of anxiety. The aim of this study is to explore the attitudes, reactions, and anxiety levels of first-year medical students when working in the dissecting room, over a period of one year, and to relate these anxiety levels to the results of our educational program. This is a before and after descriptive study of students at the University of Castilla-La-Mancha...
October 30, 2018: Anatomical Sciences Education
Mutahira Lone, Tamara Vagg, Antonios Theocharopoulos, John F Cryan, Joseph P Mckenna, Eric J Downer, André Toulouse
Tooth morphology has a pivotal role in the dental curriculum and provides one of the important foundations of clinical practice. To supplement tooth morphology teaching a three-dimensional (3D) quiz application (app) was developed. The 3D resource enables students to study tooth morphology actively by selecting teeth from an interactive quiz, modify their viewpoint and level of zoom. Additionally, students are able to rotate the tooth to obtain a 3D spatial understanding of the different surfaces of the tooth...
October 30, 2018: Anatomical Sciences Education
Zehra Jamil, Amna A Saeed, Sarosh Madhani, Safia Baig, Zahra Cheema, Syeda Sadia Fatima
This study evaluated effect of mental rotation (MR) training on learning outcomes and explored effectiveness of teaching via three-dimensional (3D) software among medical students with diverse spatial intelligence. Data from n = 67 student volunteers were included. A preliminary test was conducted to obtain baseline level of MR competency and was utilized to assign participants to two experimental conditions, i.e., trained group (n = 25) and untrained group (n = 42). Data on the effectiveness of training were collected to measure participants' speed and accuracy in performing various MR activities...
October 30, 2018: Anatomical Sciences Education
Sanjib Kumar Ghosh, Ashutosh Kumar
The core values in medical practice which are essential for the humane outlook of a physician are clubbed within the domain of medical professionalism. Professionalism along with other discipline-independent skills (human skills) is propagated implicitly in medical schools as components of a "hidden curriculum." Evidence suggests a strong association between "hidden curriculum" delivery and development of professionalism in the human dissection room. In this review article, the authors have tried to highlight a few exclusive practices adopted by medical schools which enhance the implementation of the "hidden curriculum" within the practice of human dissection and successfully inculcate the key components of professionalism such as integrity, respect, and compassion among students...
October 30, 2018: Anatomical Sciences Education
Johannes Grosser, Martina Bientzle, Thomas Shiozawa, Bernhard Hirt, Joachim Kimmerle
Basic subjects in medical education, such as anatomy, are often taught through teaching formats that do not always sufficiently demonstrate the relevance of this basic information for clinical practice. Accordingly, it is a recent trend in anatomy education to link anatomical information more explicitly to clinical practice. This article presents an online video platform (Tuebingen's Sectio Chirurgica, TSC) as one means of explicitly integrating pre-clinical anatomical knowledge and clinical application. The purpose of the study presented here was to examine the effects of videos through which medical students were educated about Anterior Cruciate Ligament reconstruction...
October 22, 2018: Anatomical Sciences Education
Charlotte H Harrison, Ahmad Elmansouri, William Parton, Matthew A Myers, Samuel Hall, Jonny R Stephens, Eleanor G Seaby, Scott Border
Within medical education a reduction in curriculum time for subjects, such as anatomy puts pressure on educators to ensure the same learning outcomes are conveyed in less time. This has the potential to impact negatively on student experience. Near-peer teaching (NPT) is often praised as an effective revision tool, but its use as a frontline teaching resource remains unreported. The study explores the potential for NPT to promote delivery of learning outcomes and maximize student experience within a neuroanatomy module for second year medical students...
October 17, 2018: Anatomical Sciences Education
Wasiu Gbolahan Balogun
Anatomy education forms the foundation of a successful medical education. This has necessitated the development of innovative ideas to meet up with current realities. Despite these innovative ideas, there are challenges facing anatomy education, especially in sub-Saharan Africa. Problems such as inadequate teaching experts and outdated curricula have made anatomy education in sub-Saharan Africa uninviting and disinteresting. Several interventions have been suggested, such as the procurement of teaching tools and upgrading of teaching infrastructure...
September 25, 2018: Anatomical Sciences Education
Thomas H Champney, Sabine Hildebrandt, D Gareth Jones, Andreas Winkelmann
With the ongoing and expanding use of willed bodies in medical education and research, there has been a concomitant rise in the need for willed bodies and an increase in the means of supplying these bodies. A relatively recent development to enlarge this supply has been the growth of for-profit willed body companies ("body brokers") in the United States. These companies advertise for donors, cover all cremation and other fees for the donor, distribute the bodies or body parts nationally and internationally, and charge their users for access to the body or body parts...
September 21, 2018: Anatomical Sciences Education
Audra F Schaefer, Adam B Wilson, J Bradley Barger, Homaira M Azim, James J Brokaw, William S Brooks
Anatomical sciences are foundational to the health professions, yet little is known about the qualifications of anatomy educators at the graduate and professional level in the United States. Moreover, there is concern that the number of qualified anatomy educators being trained may be insufficient to meet the growing demand posed by new and expanded programs in medicine and allied health specialties. The authors surveyed anatomists from across the country to (i) characterize the educational credentials of current anatomy educators and (ii) assess the perceived need for education-focused postdoctoral positions or formal mentorships to prepare anatomists for teaching-intensive faculty positions...
September 13, 2018: Anatomical Sciences Education
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