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Anatomical Sciences Education

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762912/professional-and-personal-competency-development-in-near-peer-tutors-of-gross-anatomy-a-longitudinal-mixed-methods-study
#1
Simone Alvarez, Jobst-Hendrik Schultz
There are many benefits to peer and near-peer tutoring. The current literature suggests that near-peer teaching within the domain of gross anatomy may lead to the development of numerous competencies for burgeoning medical professionals. The aim of this study was a quantitative and qualitative approach to explore which professional and personal competencies anatomy tutors developed as a result of their teaching activities in a gross anatomy course at a medical school in Germany. For a period of 18 months, 24 peer tutors were followed and queried multiple times via questionnaire and semi-structured interviews...
May 15, 2018: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762910/-why-did-you-really-do-it-a-mixed-method-analysis-of-the-factors-underpinning-motivations-to-register-as-a-body-donor
#2
Jon Cornwall, Zoe Poppelwell, Ruth McManus
Individuals who register as body donors do so for various reasons, with aiding medical science a common motivation. Despite awareness of several key reasons for donation, there are few in-depth explorations of these motivations to contextualize persons' reasons for donating. This study undertakes a mixed-method exploration of motivations for body donation to facilitate deeper understanding of the reasons underpinning donor registration. A survey of all newly registered body donors at a New Zealand university was performed over a single year...
May 15, 2018: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762904/the-design-and-evaluation-of-a-master-of-science-program-in-anatomical-sciences-at-queen-s-university-canada
#3
Klodiana Kolomitro, Leslie W MacKenzie, David Wiercigroch, Lorraine Godden
The purpose of this study was to describe the design and evolution of a unique and successful Master of Science program in anatomical sciences at one Canadian post-secondary institution and to evaluate its long-term impact on student learning. This program prepares students to teach anatomy and design curricula in the anatomical sciences and is structured around three pillars of competency-content (disciplinary knowledge and transferable skills), pedagogy, and inquiry. Graduates of the program from the last ten years were surveyed, to better understand the knowledge, skills, and habits of mind they have adopted and implemented since completion...
May 15, 2018: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762903/the-role-of-anatomy-computer-assisted-learning-on-spatial-abilities-of-medical-students
#4
Bruno Guimarães, João Firmino-Machado, Stanislav Tsisar, Benedita Viana, Marco Pinto-Sousa, Pedro Vieira-Marques, Ricardo Cruz-Correia, Maria Amélia Ferreira
Currently, medical education context poses different challenges to anatomy, contributing to the introduction of new pedagogical approaches, such as computer-assisted learning (CAL). This approach provides insight into students' learning profiles and skills that enhance anatomy knowledge acquisition. To understand the influence of anatomy CAL on spatial abilities, a study was conducted. A total of 671 medical students attending Musculoskeletal (MA) and Cardiovascular Anatomy (CA) courses, were allocated to one of three groups (MA Group, CA Group, MA + CA Group)...
May 15, 2018: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683560/hands-on-or-no-hands-on-training-in-ultrasound-imaging-a-randomized-trial-to-evaluate-learning-outcomes-and-speed-of-recall-of-topographic-anatomy
#5
Lars Knudsen, Ralph Nawrotzki, Andreas Schmiedl, Christian Mühlfeld, Carsten Kruschinski, Matthias Ochs
Medical students have difficulties in interpreting two-dimensional (2D) topographic anatomy on sectional images. Hands-on and no hands-on training in ultrasound imaging facilitate learning topographic anatomy. Hands-on training is linked with active search for patterns of anatomical structures and might train pattern recognition for image interpretation better although the added value on learning outcomes is unclear. This study explores first year medical students' knowledge in topographic anatomy of the upper abdomen after attending hands-on or no hands-on training in ultrasound in a randomized trial...
April 23, 2018: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673106/use-of-dynamic-images-in-radiology-education-movies-of-ct-and-mri-in-the-anatomy-classroom
#6
Hye Won Jang, Chang-Seok Oh, Yeon Hyeon Choe, Dong Su Jang
Radiology education is a key component in many preclinical anatomy courses. However, the reported effectiveness of radiology education within such anatomy classrooms has varied. This study was conducted to determine if a novel educational method using dynamic images of movies of computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) was effective in radiology education during a preclinical anatomy course, aided by clay modeling, specific hand gestures (digit anatomy), and reports from dissection findings uploaded to the anatomy course website (digital reports)...
April 19, 2018: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29966047/erratum-application-of-flipped-classroom-pedagogy-to-the-human-gross-anatomy-laboratory-student-preferences-and-learning-outcomes
#7
Timothy R Fleagle, Nicholas C Borcherding, Jennie Harris, Darren S Hoffmann
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2018: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742329/human-skills-for-human-istic-anatomy-an-emphasis-on-nontraditional-discipline-independent-skills
#8
EDITORIAL
Darrell J R Evans, Wojciech Pawlina, Nirusha Lachman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 6, 2018: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742328/anonymous-body-or-first-patient-a-status-report-and-needs-assessment-regarding-the-personalization-of-donors-in-dissection-courses-in-german-austrian-and-swiss-medical-schools
#9
Friederike Hasselblatt, David A C Messerer, Oliver Keis, Tobias M Böckers, Anja Böckers
Many Anglo-American universities have undertaken a paradigm shift in how the dissection of human material is approached, such that students are encouraged to learn about the lives of body donors, and to respectfully "personalize" them as human beings, rather than treating the specimens as anonymous cadavers. For the purposes of this study, this provision of limited personal information regarding the life of a body donor will be referred to as "personalization" of body donors. At this time, it is unknown whether this paradigm shift in the personalization of body donors can be translated into the German-speaking world...
May 6, 2018: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236354/how-comprehensive-are-research-studies-investigating-the-efficacy-of-technology-enhanced-learning-resources-in-anatomy-education-a-systematic-review
#10
REVIEW
Lauren Clunie, Neil P Morris, Viktoria C T Joynes, James D Pickering
Anatomy education is at the forefront of integrating innovative technologies into its curricula. However, despite this rise in technology numerous authors have commented on the shortfall in efficacy studies to assess the impact such technology-enhanced learning (TEL) resources have on learning. To assess the range of evaluation approaches to TEL across anatomy education, a systematic review was conducted using MEDLINE, the Educational Resources Information Centre (ERIC), Scopus, and Google Scholar, with a total of 3,345 articles retrieved...
May 6, 2018: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28976644/ask-an-anatomist-identifying-global-trends-topics-and-themes-of-academic-anatomists-using-twitter
#11
Madeleine J Marsland, Michelle D Lazarus
Social media (SoMe) is increasingly used in higher education (HE) to access knowledge and enable global communication. The SoMe platform Twitter® is particularly beneficial in these contexts because it is readily accessible, easily searchable (via hashtags) and global. Given these advantages, the twitter platform @AskAnatomist was created to foster a global weekly tweet chat, where students and academics can ask and address anatomy-related questions. The aim of this study was to identify themes arising in the early stages of the @AskAnatomy Twitter community to gain insights into current needs/key areas for academic anatomists, students, and other followers...
May 6, 2018: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941215/analysis-of-testing-with-multiple-choice-versus-open-ended-questions-outcome-based-observations-in-an-anatomy-course
#12
Cheryl A Melovitz Vasan, David O DeFouw, Bart K Holland, Nagaswami S Vasan
The pedagogical approach for both didactic and laboratory teaching of anatomy has changed in the last 25 years and continues to evolve; however, assessment of student anatomical knowledge has not changed despite the awareness of Bloom's taxonomy. For economic reasons most schools rely on multiple choice questions (MCQ) that test knowledge mastered while competences such as critical thinking and skill development are not typically assessed. In contrast, open-ended question (OEQ) examinations demand knowledge construction and a higher order of thinking, but more time is required from the faculty to score the constructed responses...
May 6, 2018: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941011/evaluating-a-bedside-tool-for-neuroanatomical-localization-with-extended-matching-questions
#13
Kevin Tan, Han Xin Chin, Christine W L Yau, Erle C H Lim, Dujeepa Samarasekera, Gominda Ponnamperuma, Nigel C K Tan
Neuroanatomical localization (NL) is a key skill in neurology, but learners often have difficulty with it. This study aims to evaluate a concise NL tool (NLT) developed to help teach and learn NL. To evaluate the NLT, an extended-matching questions (EMQ) test to assess NL was designed and validated. The EMQ was validated with fourth-year medical students and internal medicine and neurology residents. The NLT's usability was evaluated with third- and fourth-year students, and the effectiveness was evaluated with an experimental study of second-year students, using the EMQ as the outcome measure...
May 6, 2018: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940743/learning-and-study-strategies-correlate-with-medical-students-performance-in-anatomical-sciences
#14
Mohammed K Khalil, Shanna E Williams, H Gregory Hawkins
Much of the content delivered during medical students' preclinical years is assessed nationally by such testing as the United States Medical Licensing Examination® (USMLE® ) Step 1 and Comprehensive Osteopathic Medical Licensing Examination® (COMPLEX-USA® ) Step 1. Improvement of student study/learning strategies skills is associated with academic success in internal and external (USMLE Step 1) examinations. This research explores the strength of association between the Learning and Study Strategies Inventory (LASSI) scores and student performance in the anatomical sciences and USMLE Step 1 examinations...
May 6, 2018: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906598/is-the-supply-of-continuing-education-in-the-anatomical-sciences-keeping-up-with-the-demand-results-of-a-national-survey
#15
Adam B Wilson, J Bradley Barger, Patricia Perez, William S Brooks
Continuing education (CE) is an essential element in the life-long learning of health care providers and educators. Despite the importance of the anatomical sciences in the training and practice of clinicians, no studies have examined the need/state of anatomy-related CE nationally. This study assessed the current landscape of CE in the anatomical sciences to contextualize preferences for CE, identify factors that influence the perceived need for CE, and examine the association between supply and demand. Surveys were distributed to educators in the anatomical sciences, practicing physical therapists (PTs), and anatomy training programs across the United States...
May 6, 2018: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881412/benefits-of-extracurricular-participation-in-dissection-in-a-prosection-based-medical-anatomy-program
#16
Alexander Whelan, John J Leddy, Christopher J Ramnanan
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the extracurricular cadaveric dissection program available to medical students at an institution with a modern (time-compressed, student-centered, and prosection-based) approach to medical anatomy education. Quantitative (Likert-style questions) and qualitative data (thematic analysis of open-ended commentary) were collated from a survey of three medical student cohorts who had completed preclerkship. Perceived benefits of dissection included the hands-on learning style and the development of anatomy expertise, while the main barrier that limited participation was the time-intensive nature of dissection...
May 6, 2018: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857454/anatomy-education-in-occupational-therapy-curricula-perspectives-of-practitioners-in-the-united-states
#17
Katherine A Schofield
The study of human anatomy is an integral component in the education of future occupational therapists, yet there is a paucity of research that explores the anatomy needs of students and new practitioners. As a follow up from a pilot study that surveyed a small cohort of practicing therapists, this article aimed to determine occupational therapy (OT) practitioners' views on anatomy course structure and content deemed important to include in OT curricula, entry level practitioners' anatomy knowledge, and application of anatomy in current practice...
May 6, 2018: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659188/dissecting-through-barriers-a-follow-up-study-on-the-long-term-effects-of-interprofessional-education-in-a-dissection-course-with-healthcare-professional-students
#18
Yu Hang Eric Zheng, Andrew Palombella, Jenn Salfi, Bruce Wainman
Several studies have shown significant improvements in the attitudes and perceptions of healthcare professional students toward interprofessional education (IPE) immediately following intervention with IPE courses. However, there remains little evidence on the lasting effects of IPE courses and the long-term influences of these IPE experiences are poorly documented. The purpose of this study is to assess the long-term effects of an intensive, ten-week interprofessional gross anatomy dissection course at McMaster University...
April 16, 2018: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659165/improving-academic-performance-of-sport-and-exercise-science-undergraduate-students-in-gross-anatomy-using-a-near-peer-teaching-program
#19
Ricardo Borges Viana, Mário Hebling Campos, Douglas de Assis Teles Santos, Isabela Cristina Maioni Xavier, Rodrigo Luiz Vancini, Marília Santos Andrade, Claudio Andre Barbosa de Lira
Peer and near-peer teaching programs are common in medical undergraduate courses. However, there are no studies that have investigated the effectiveness of a near-peer teaching program on the academic performance of undergraduate students pursuing sport and exercise science coursework. This study was conducted to analyze the effectiveness of such a program for students who participated in a course on the functional anatomy of the locomotor apparatus. A total of 39 student participants were divided into two groups: students in one group voluntarily attended at least one session of a near-peer teaching program, and students in the other group attended no sessions...
April 16, 2018: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659155/breaking-with-tradition-a-scoping-meta-analysis-analyzing-the-effects-of-student-centered-learning-and-computer-aided-instruction-on-student-performance-in-anatomy
#20
Adam B Wilson, Kirsten M Brown, Jonathan Misch, Corinne H Miller, Barbie A Klein, Melissa A Taylor, Michael Goodwin, Eve K Boyle, Chantal Hoppe, Michelle D Lazarus
While prior meta-analyses in anatomy education have explored the effects of laboratory pedagogies and histology media on learner performance, the effects of student-centered learning (SCL) and computer-aided instruction (CAI) have not been broadly evaluated. This research sought to answer the question, "How effective are student-centered pedagogies and CAI at increasing student knowledge gains in anatomy compared to traditional didactic approaches?" Relevant studies published within the past 51 years were searched using five databases...
April 16, 2018: Anatomical Sciences Education
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