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Anatomical Sciences Education

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544582/evaluation-by-medical-students-of-the-educational-value-of-multi-material-and-multi-colored-three-dimensional-printed-models-of-the-upper-limb-for-anatomical-education
#1
Sreenivasulu Reddy Mogali, Wai Yee Yeong, Heang Kuan Joel Tan, Gerald Jit Shen Tan, Peter H Abrahams, Nabil Zary, Naomi Low-Beer, Michael Alan Ferenczi
For centuries, cadaveric material has been the cornerstone of anatomical education. For reasons of changes in curriculum emphasis, cost, availability, expertise, and ethical concerns, several medical schools have replaced wet cadaveric specimens with plastinated prosections, plastic models, imaging, and digital models. Discussions about the qualities and limitations of these alternative teaching resources are on-going. We hypothesize that three-dimensional printed (3DP) models can replace or indeed enhance existing resources for anatomical education...
May 19, 2017: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494130/visualization-of-stereoscopic-anatomic-models-of-the-paranasal-sinuses-and-cervical-vertebrae-from-the-surgical-and-procedural-perspective
#2
Jian Chen, Andrew D Smith, Majid A Khan, Allan R Sinning, Marianne L Conway, Dongmei Cui
Recent improvements in three-dimensional (3D) virtual modeling software allows anatomists to generate high-resolution, visually appealing, colored, anatomical 3D models from computed tomography (CT) images. In this study, high-resolution CT images of a cadaver were used to develop clinically relevant anatomic models including facial skull, nasal cavity, septum, turbinates, paranasal sinuses, optic nerve, pituitary gland, carotid artery, cervical vertebrae, atlanto-axial joint, cervical spinal cord, cervical nerve root, and vertebral artery that can be used to teach clinical trainees (students, residents, and fellows) approaches for trans-sphenoidal pituitary surgery and cervical spine injection procedure...
May 11, 2017: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472546/an-exploration-of-anatomists-views-toward-the-use-of-body-painting-in-anatomical-and-medical-education-an-international-study
#3
Natalie E Cookson, Justine J Aka, Gabrielle M Finn
Previous research has explored the experiences of medical students using body painting as a learning tool. However, to date, faculty experiences and views have not been explored. This international qualitative study utilized a grounded theory approach with data collection through interviews with academics and clinicians who utilized body painting as part of their anatomical teaching. Twenty-six anatomists participated in the study from 14 centers worldwide. Three themes emerged from the data: (1) the efficacy of body painting, (2) the promotion of knowledge retention and recall, (3) considerations and practicalities regarding the use of body painting as a teaching tool...
May 4, 2017: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472535/learning-from-human-cadaveric-prosections-examining-anxiety-in-speech-therapy-students
#4
Juan Jose Criado-Álvarez, Jaime González González, Carmen Romo Barrientos, Isabel Ubeda-Bañon, Daniel Saiz-Sanchez, Alicia Flores-Cuadrado, Juan Carlos Albertos-Marco, Alino Martinez-Marcos, Alicia Mohedano-Moriano
Human anatomy education often utilizes the essential practices of cadaver dissection and examination of prosected specimens. However, these exposures to human cadavers and confronting death can be stressful and anxiety-inducing for students. This study aims to understand the attitudes, reactions, fears, and states of anxiety that speech therapy students experience in the dissection room. To that end, a before-and-after cross-sectional analysis was conducted with speech therapy students undertaking a dissection course for the first time...
May 4, 2017: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431201/teaching-neuroanatomy-using-computer-aided-learning-what-makes-for-successful-outcomes
#5
Elena Svirko, Jane Mellanby
Computer-aided learning (CAL) is an integral part of many medical courses. The neuroscience course at Oxford University for medical students includes CAL course of neuroanatomy. CAL is particularly suited to this since neuroanatomy requires much detailed three-dimensional visualization, which can be presented on screen. The CAL course was evaluated using the concept of approach to learning. The aims of university teaching are congruent with the deep approach-seeking meaning and relating new information to previous knowledge-rather than to the surface approach of concentrating on rote learning of detail...
April 21, 2017: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431192/a-personal-connection-promoting-positive-attitudes-towards-teaching-and-learning
#6
Heidi L Lujan, Stephen E DiCarlo
Students' attitudes towards teaching and learning must be addressed with the same seriousness and effort as we address content. Establishing a personal connection and addressing our students' basic psychological needs will produce positive attitudes towards teaching and learning and develop life-long learners. It will also promote constructive student-teacher relationships that have a profound influence on our students' approach towards school. To begin this process, consider the major tenets of the Self-Determination Theory...
April 21, 2017: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423232/a-psychometric-evaluation-of-the-anatomy-learning-experiences-questionnaire-and-correlations-with-learning-outcomes
#7
Derek L Choi-Lundberg, Anne-Marie M Williams, Craig Zimitat
The Anatomy Learning Experiences Questionnaire (ALEQ) was designed by Smith and Mathias to explore students' perceptions and experiences of learning anatomy. In this study, the psychometric properties of a slightly altered 34-item ALEQ (ALEQ-34) were evaluated, and correlations with learning outcomes investigated, by surveying first- and second-year undergraduate medical students; 181 usable responses were obtained (75% response rate). Psychometric analysis demonstrated overall good reliability (Cronbach's alpha of 0...
April 17, 2017: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419757/social-media-and-student-engagement-in-anatomy-education
#8
LETTER
Thomas L Lewis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 17, 2017: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419750/the-effectiveness-of-virtual-and-augmented-reality-in-health-sciences-and-medical-anatomy
#9
Christian Moro, Zane Štromberga, Athanasios Raikos, Allan Stirling
Although cadavers constitute the gold standard for teaching anatomy to medical and health science students, there are substantial financial, ethical, and supervisory constraints on their use. In addition, although anatomy remains one of the fundamental areas of medical education, universities have decreased the hours allocated to teaching gross anatomy in favor of applied clinical work. The release of virtual (VR) and augmented reality (AR) devices allows learning to occur through hands-on immersive experiences...
April 17, 2017: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376275/-applying-anatomy-to-something-i-care-about-authentic-inquiry-learning-and-student-experiences-of-an-inquiry-project
#10
Lauren M Anstey
Despite advances to move anatomy education away from its didactic history, there is a continued need for students to contextualize their studies to make learning more meaningful. This article investigates authentic learning in the context of an inquiry-based approach to learning human gross anatomy. Utilizing a case-study design with three groups of students (n = 18) and their facilitators (n = 3), methods of classroom observations, interviews, and artifact collection were utilized to investigate students' experiences of learning through an inquiry project...
April 4, 2017: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28371467/time-limits-in-testing-an-analysis-of-eye-movements-and-visual-attention-in-spatial-problem-solving
#11
Victoria A Roach, Graham M Fraser, James H Kryklywy, Derek G V Mitchell, Timothy D Wilson
Individuals with an aptitude for interpreting spatial information (high mental rotation ability: HMRA) typically master anatomy with more ease, and more quickly, than those with low mental rotation ability (LMRA). This article explores how visual attention differs with time limits on spatial reasoning tests. Participants were assorted to two groups based on their mental rotation ability scores and their eye movements were collected during these tests. Analysis of salience during testing revealed similarities between MRA groups in untimed conditions but significant differences between the groups in the timed one...
March 30, 2017: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323395/development-of-a-didactical-training-concept-for-peer-tutors-in-gross-anatomy
#12
Simone Alvarez, Christoph Nikendei, Jobst-Hendrik Schultz
Even though peer tutors are often used in gross anatomy courses, research in the field is rather a subject of the last two decades. This is especially true about the didactical challenges these types of peer tutors experience during their tutorials and about how they are prepared for the task. The aim of the presented study was to learn about the training needs of the tutors, and to subsequently design, implement, and evaluate a didactical training concept. A qualitative design was chosen to examine how tutors can best be prepared for tutorials of gross anatomy...
March 21, 2017: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264142/using-body-donor-demographics-to-assist-the-implementation-of-donation-programs-in-brazil
#13
Andrea Oxley da Rocha, Deivis de Campos, Marco Aurélio Farina, Gabriel Sartori Pacini, Marina Cornelli Girotto, Arlete Hilbig
The use of human material in anatomy education depends upon the generosity of body donors. However, little is known regarding the demographics of body donors in Brazil, where voluntary body donation is a relatively rare phenomenon. Hence, the aim of the present study was to elucidate the demographic profile of applicants to the Body Donation Program (BDP) at the Federal University of Health Sciences of Porto Alegre in Brazil, as well as to assess whether the observed characteristics of body donors are unique to that sample, or if they merely reflect the characteristics of the regional population...
March 6, 2017: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264141/neuroanatomy-education-the-impact-on-perceptions-attitudes-and-knowledge-of-an-intensive-course-on-general-practice-residents
#14
Mavilde Arantes, Joselina Maria Barbosa, Maria Amélia Ferreira
General practitioners are responsible for the management of an increasing number of patients with neurological illness, and thus a solid education in neurosciences is a necessary component of their training. This study examines the effects of an intensive clinical neuroanatomy course on twenty general practice residents' perceptions, attitudes, and knowledge. A knowledge test was completed by the participants and by a control group at four different time points. The participants were asked to answer a questionnaire about their reasons for signing up for the course and their attitudes and perceptions toward the course experience...
March 6, 2017: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27548912/an-unembalmed-cadaveric-preparation-for-simulating-pleural-effusion-a-pilot-study-of-chest-percussion-involving-medical-students
#15
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Mark S Cook, Peter J Kernahan
Cadaveric simulations are an effective way to add clinical context to an anatomy course. In this study, unembalmed (fresh) cadavers were uniquely prepared to simulate pleural effusion to teach chest percussion and review thoracic anatomy. Thirty first-year medical students were assigned to either an intervention (Group A) or control group (Group B). Group A received hands-on training with the cadaveric simulations. They were instructed on how to palpate bony landmarks for identifying the diaphragm and lobes of the lungs, as well as on how to properly perform chest percussion to detect abnormal fluid in the pleural space...
March 2017: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27547967/googling-in-anatomy-education-can-google-trends-inform-educators-of-national-online-search-patterns-of-anatomical-syllabi
#16
Nigel Phelan, Shane Davy, Gerard W O'Keeffe, Denis S Barry
The role of e-learning platforms in anatomy education continues to expand as self-directed learning is promoted in higher education. Although a wide range of e-learning resources are available, determining student use of non-academic internet resources requires novel approaches. One such approach that may be useful is the Google Trends(©) web application. To determine the feasibility of Google Trends to gain insights into anatomy-related online searches, Google Trends data from the United States from January 2010 to December 2015 were analyzed...
March 2017: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27533319/cognitive-load-imposed-by-ultrasound-facilitated-teaching-does-not-adversely-affect-gross-anatomy-learning-outcomes
#17
Heather A Jamniczky, Darrel Cotton, Michael Paget, Qahir Ramji, Ryan Lenz, Kevin McLaughlin, Sylvain Coderre, Irene W Y Ma
Ultrasonography is increasingly used in medical education, but its impact on learning outcomes is unclear. Adding ultrasound may facilitate learning, but may also potentially overwhelm novice learners. Based upon the framework of cognitive load theory, this study seeks to evaluate the relationship between cognitive load associated with using ultrasound and learning outcomes. The use of ultrasound was hypothesized to facilitate learning in anatomy for 161 novice first-year medical students. Using linear regression analyses, the relationship between reported cognitive load on using ultrasound and learning outcomes as measured by anatomy laboratory examination scores four weeks after ultrasound-guided anatomy training was evaluated in consenting students...
March 2017: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27517382/cultural-acceptability-and-personal-willingness-of-iranian-students-toward-cadaveric-donation
#18
Jamal Abbasi Asl, Hossein Nikzad, Aliakbar Taherian, Mohammad Ali Atlasi, Homayoun Naderian, Gholamabbas Mousavi, Milad Motalebi Kashani, Abdollah Omidi
Cadaver dissection stands as a crucial component in medical curricula around the world, although computer-based multimedia programs have been introduced in order to replace the need for cadaver donations. Due to a decrease in the number of unclaimed bodies and rather few donations, there is an insufficient number of cadavers for anatomical studies in Iran. This study was carried out to evaluate medical students' awareness and willingness regarding body donation in Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Iran...
March 2017: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27483443/outcomes-and-satisfaction-of-two-optional-cadaveric-dissection-courses-a-3-year-prospective-study
#19
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Diogo Pais, Diogo Casal, Luís Mascarenhas-Lemos, Pedro Barata, Bernard J Moxham, João Goyri-O'Neill
Teaching time dedicated to anatomy education has been reduced at many medical schools around the world, including Nova Medical School in Lisbon, Portugal. In order to minimize the effects of this reduction, the authors introduced two optional, semester-long cadaveric dissection courses for the first two years of the medical school curriculum. These courses were named Regional Anatomy I (RAI) and Regional Anatomy II (RAII). In RAI, students focus on dissecting the thorax, abdomen, pelvis, and perineum. In RAII, the focus shifts to the head, neck, back, and upper and lower limbs...
March 2017: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27472554/educational-software-usability-artifact-or-design
#20
REVIEW
Sonya E Van Nuland, Roy Eagleson, Kem A Rogers
Online educational technologies and e-learning tools are providing new opportunities for students to learn worldwide, and they continue to play an important role in anatomical sciences education. Yet, as we shift to teaching online, particularly within the anatomical sciences, it has become apparent that e-learning tool success is based on more than just user satisfaction and preliminary learning outcomes-rather it is a multidimensional construct that should be addressed from an integrated perspective. The efficiency, effectiveness and satisfaction with which a user can navigate an e-learning tool is known as usability, and represents a construct which we propose can be used to quantitatively evaluate e-learning tool success...
March 2017: Anatomical Sciences Education
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