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Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214733/flexible-camphor-diamond-like-carbon-coating-on-polyurethane-to-prevent-candida-albicans-biofilm-growth
#1
Thaisa B Santos, Angela A Vieira, Luciana O Paula, Everton D Santos, Polyana A Radi, Sônia Khouri, Homero S Maciel, Rodrigo S Pessoa, Lucia Vieira
Camphor was incorporated in diamond-like carbon (DLC) films to prevent the Candida albicans yeasts fouling on polyurethane substrates, which is a material commonly used for catheter manufacturing. The camphor:DLC and DLC film for this investigation was produced by plasma enhanced chemical vapor deposition (PECVD), using an apparatus based on the flash evaporation of organic liquid (hexane) containing diluted camphor for camphor:DLC and hexane/methane, mixture for DLC films. The film was deposited at a low temperature of less than 25°C...
February 16, 2017: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208112/systematic-mechanical-evaluation-of-electrospun-gelatin-meshes
#2
Annabel L Butcher, Ching Theng Koh, Michelle L Oyen
Electrospinning is a simple and efficient process for producing sub-micron fibres. However, the process has many variables, and their effects on the non-woven mesh of fibres is complex. In particular, the effects on the mechanical properties of the fibre meshes are poorly understood. This paper conducts a parametric study, where the concentration and bloom strength of the gelatin solutions are varied, while all electrospinning process parameters are held constant. The effects on the fibrous meshes are monitored using scanning electron microscopy and mechanical testing under uniaxial tension...
February 7, 2017: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28189933/a-representative-volume-element-based-micromechanical-analysis-of-a-bi-layered-ganoid-fish-scale
#3
Matthew Nelms, Wayne Hodo, A M Rajendran
The Mississippi Alligator gar (Atractosteus spatula) possesses a flexible exoskeleton armor consisting of overlapping ganoid scales used for predatory protection. Each scale is a two-phase biomineralized composite containing bio-modified hydroxyapatite (hard) minerals and collagen (soft) fibers. The protective layer consists of a stiff outer ganoine layer, a characteristic "sawtooth" pattern at the interface with the compliant bone inner layer. The garfish scale exhibits a decreasing elastic modulus from the external to the internal layers...
February 7, 2017: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28189094/cocr-f75-scaffolds-produced-by-additive-manufacturing-influence-of-chemical-etching-on-powder-removal-and-mechanical-performance
#4
Brecht Van Hooreweder, Karel Lietaert, Bram Neirinck, Nicholas Lippiatt, Martine Wevers
Additive manufacturing techniques such as Selective Laser Melting (SLM) allow carefully controlled production of complex porous structures such as scaffolds. These advanced structures can offer many interesting advantages over conventionally produced products in terms of biological response and patient specific design. The surface finish of AM parts is often poor because of the layer wise nature of the process and adhering particles. Loosening of these particles after implantation should be avoided, as this could put the patient's health at risk...
February 7, 2017: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199931/a-personalized-3d-printed-prosthetic-joint-replacement-for-the-human-temporomandibular-joint-from-implant-design-to-implantation
#5
David C Ackland, Dale Robinson, Michael Redhead, Peter Vee Sin Lee, Adrian Moskaljuk, George Dimitroulis
Personalized prosthetic joint replacements have important applications in cases of complex bone and joint conditions where the shape and size of off-the-shelf components may not be adequate. The objective of this study was to design, test and fabricate a personalized 3D-printed prosthesis for a patient requiring total joint replacement surgery of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ). The new 'Melbourne' prosthetic TMJ design featured a condylar component sized specifically to the patient and fixation screw positions that avoid potential intra-operative damage to the mandibular nerve...
February 6, 2017: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187320/mechanical-and-biological-behavior-of-ultrafine-grained-ti-alloy-aneurysm-clip-processed-using-high-pressure-torsion
#6
Ho Yong Um, Byung Ho Park, Dong-Hyun Ahn, Mohamed Ibrahim Abd El Aal, Jaechan Park, Hyoung Seop Kim
Severe plastic deformation (SPD) has recently been advanced as the main process for fabricating bulk ultrafine grained or nanocrystalline metallic materials, which present much higher strength and better bio-compatibility than coarse-grained counterparts. Medical devices, such as aneurysm clips and dental implants, require high mechanical and biological performance (e.g., stiffness, yield strength, fatigue resistance, and bio-compatibility). These requirements match well the characteristics of SPD-processed materials...
February 6, 2017: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187319/quantitative-diagnosis-of-breast-tumors-by-characterization-of-viscoelastic-behavior-of-healthy-breast-tissue
#7
N Madani, A Mojra
The main objective of the present study is to propose a model for characterizing the viscoelastic behavior of the healthy breast tissue. The study population consisted of 60 healthy regions of the breast tissue belonged to 9 female cases. To accomplish this, the attending cases were examined by a robot-assisted device and the mechanical stress resulted from an applied compressive strain was measured. Correlation between the experimental stress and the strain data identifies the breast tissue mechanical behavior...
February 3, 2017: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183011/semi-degradable-porous-poly-vinyl-alcohol-hydrogel-scaffold-for-cartilage-repair-evaluation-of-the-initial-and-cell-cultured-tribological-properties
#8
Yi Cao, Dangsheng Xiong, Kun Wang, Yuxiang Niu
Tissue engineering for articular cartilage repair has shown success in ensuring the integration of neocartilage with surrounding tissue, but the rapid restoration of biomechanical and biotribological functions remains a significant challenge. Poly (vinyl alcohol) (PVA) hydrogel is regarded as a potential articular cartilage replacement for its fair mechanical strength and low surface friction, while its lack of bioactivity limits its utility. Combining the advantages of tissue engineering materials and PVA hydrogel, we developed a semi-degradable porous PVA hydrogel through addition of ploy (lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) microspheres and salt-leaching technique...
February 2, 2017: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28189977/mechanical-and-shape-memory-properties-of-porous-ni50-1ti49-9-alloys-manufactured-by-selective-laser-melting
#9
Mohsen Taheri Andani, Soheil Saedi, Ali Sadi Turabi, M R Karamooz, Christoph Haberland, Haluk Ersin Karaca, Mohammad Elahinia
Near equiatomic NiTi shape memory alloys were fabricated in dense and designed porous forms by Selective Laser Melting (SLM) and their mechanical and shape memory properties were systematically characterized. Particularly, the effects of pore morphology on their mechanical responses were investigated. Dense and porous NiTi alloys exhibited good shape memory effect with a recoverable strain of about 5% and functional stability after eight cycles of compression. The stiffness and residual plastic strain of porous NiTi were found to depend highly on the pore shape and the level of porosity...
January 31, 2017: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187321/development-and-parameter-identification-of-a-visco-hyperelastic-model-for-the-periodontal-ligament
#10
Huixiang Huang, Wencheng Tang, Qiyan Tan, Bin Yan
The present study developed and implemented a new visco-hyperelastic model that is capable of predicting the time-dependent biomechanical behavior of the periodontal ligament. The constitutive model has been implemented into the finite element package ABAQUS by means of a user-defined material subroutine (UMAT). The stress response is decomposed into two constitutive parts in parallel which are a hyperelastic and a time-dependent viscoelastic stress response. In order to identify the model parameters, the indentation equation based on V-W hyperelastic model and the indentation creep model are developed...
January 31, 2017: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28171812/immiscible-poly-lactic-acid-poly-%C3%AE%C2%B5-caprolactone-for-temporary-implants-compatibility-and-cytotoxicity
#11
Pablo F M Finotti, Lidiane C Costa, Ticiana S O Capote, Raquel M Scarel-Caminaga, Marcelo A Chinelatto
This manuscript focuses on the effect of the addition of a low molecular weight triblock copolymer derived from ε-caprolactone and tetrahydrofuran (CT) on the compatibility and cytotoxicity of immiscible poly(lactic acid) (PLA) and poly(ε-caprolactone) (PCL) blends. Binary and tertiary PLA/PCL blends were prepared by melt mixing in a twin-screw extruder and their morphological, mechanical and thermal behaviors were investigated by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), tensile and Izod impact test, dynamic mechanical analysis (DMA) and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC)...
January 31, 2017: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28171811/diametral-compression-behavior-of-biomedical-titanium-scaffolds-with-open-interconnected-pores-prepared-with-the-space-holder-method
#12
B Arifvianto, M A Leeflang, J Zhou
Scaffolds with open, interconnected pores and appropriate mechanical properties are required to provide mechanical support and to guide the formation and development of new tissue in bone tissue engineering. Since the mechanical properties of the scaffold tend to decrease with increasing porosity, a balance must be sought in order to meet these two conflicting requirements. In this research, open, interconnected pores and mechanical properties of biomedical titanium scaffolds prepared by using the space holder method were characterized...
January 31, 2017: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28171794/mechanical-characteristics-of-nanocellulose-peg-bionanocomposite-wound-dressings-in-wet-conditions
#13
Fengzhen Sun, Henriette R Nordli, Brita Pukstad, E Kristofer Gamstedt, Gary Chinga-Carrasco
Wood nanocellulose has been proposed for wound dressing applications partly based on its capability to form translucent films with good liquid absorption capabilities. Such properties are adequate for non-healing and chronic wounds where adequate management of exudates is a requirement. In addition, the translucency will allow to follow the wound development without the necessity to remove the dressing from the wound. Understanding the mechanical properties of nanocellulose films and dressings are also most important for tailoring optimizing wound dressing structures with adequate strength, conformability, porosity and exudate management...
January 31, 2017: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167428/promising-characteristics-of-gradient-porosity-ti-6al-4v-alloy-prepared-by-slm-process
#14
Michaela Fousová, Dalibor Vojtěch, Jiří Kubásek, Eva Jablonská, Jaroslav Fojt
Porous structures, manufactured of a biocompatible metal, mimicking human bone structure are the future of orthopedic implantology. Fully porous materials, however, suffer from certain drawbacks. To overcome these, gradient in structure can be prepared. With gradient in porosity mechanical properties can be optimized to an appropriate value, implant can be attributed a similar gradient macrostructure as bone, tissue adhesion may be promoted and also various modification with organic or inorganic substances are possible...
January 31, 2017: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161690/a-method-and-a-device-for-the-evaluation-of-the-retention-of-telescopic-dental-crowns
#15
Andrzej Majcher, Anna Leśniewska-Kochanek, Elżbieta Mierzwińska-Nastalska
Telescopic crowns are used as support for removable dental prostheses' construction. A distinctive feature of crowns often used in their description and comparison is retention, which is understood as resistance when removing the prosthesis or a force needed to disconnect crowns. The article describes a method for the evaluation of retention in simulated conditions using a dedicated testing device. By subjecting the crown to cyclic loads in the range of forces occurring during clinical use and in the range of cycles leading to visible effects of wear, the method provides the evaluation of crowns in a wide range of duration, up to the loss of functionality...
January 30, 2017: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161662/release-of-metal-ions-from-nano-cocrmo-wear-debris-generated-from-tribo-corrosion-processes-in-artificial-hip-implants
#16
Yang Wang, Yu Yan, Yanjing Su, Lijie Qiao
CoCrMo alloys have been widely used in metal-on-metal (MoM) hip replacements due to their superior wear and corrosion resistance properties. However, metal ions like Co(2+) and Cr(3+), or even Cr(6+) released from CoCrMo hip prostheses can induce macrophage apoptotic vs. necrotic mortality and damage the surrounding tissues. Simultaneously, osteolysis induced by the wear debris can be a cause of failure. Nano wear debris is more active than the bulk material, due to its small size. In this study, to accurately analyse the fresh wear debris retrieved from the hip simulator and the interaction between the particles and tribocorrosion of CoCrMo, wear debris was observed without protein digest, using a combined experimental approach involving the employment of TEM and ICP-MS...
January 30, 2017: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157598/influence-of-high-deformation-rate-brain-region-transverse-compression-and-specimen-size-on-rat-brain-shear-stress-morphology-and-magnitude
#17
Henry W Haslach, Jenna M Gipple, Lauren N Leahy
An external mechanical insult to the brain, such as a blast, may create internal stress and deformation waves, which have shear and longitudinal components that can induce combined shear and compression of the brain tissue. To isolate the consequences of such interactions for the shear stress and to investigate the role of the extracellular fluid in the mechanical response, translational shear stretch at 10/s, 60/s, and 100/s translational shear rates under either 0% or 33% fixed transverse compression is applied without preconditioning to rat brain specimens...
January 26, 2017: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28171813/effect-of-honeybee-stinger-and-its-microstructured-barbs-on-insertion-and-pull-force
#18
Jintian Ling, Zhenhua Song, Jiarui Wang, Keyun Chen, Jiyu Li, Shujia Xu, Lei Ren, Zhipeng Chen, Dianwen Jin, Lelun Jiang
Worker honeybee is well-known for its stinger with microscopic backward-facing barbs for self-defense. The natural geometry of the stinger enables painless penetration and adhesion in the human skin to deliver poison. In this study, Apis cerana worker honeybee stinger and acupuncture microneedle (as a barbless stinger) were characterized by Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM). The insertion and pull process of honeybee stinger into rabbit skin was performed by a self-developed mechanical loading equipment in comparison with acupuncture needle...
January 25, 2017: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161663/is-there-a-cause-and-effect-relationship-between-physicochemical-properties-and-cell-behavior-of-alginate-based-hydrogel-obtained-after-sterilization
#19
Hao Yu, Ghislaine Cauchois, Jean-François Schmitt, Nicolas Louvet, Jean-Luc Six, Yun Chen, Rachid Rahouadj, Céline Huselstein
Alginate-based hydrogel scaffolds are widely used in the field of cartilage regeneration and repair. If the effect of autoclaving on the alginate powder is well known, it is not the same for the possible effects of the sterilization UV treatment on the properties of the hydrogel after polymerization. To select an effective sterilization treatment of alginate-based materials, one must find what are inter-relationship between the characteristics (chemical, physical and mechanical) of alginate-based hydrogel during sterilization, and what consequences have affected on cell behavior...
January 25, 2017: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157596/fabrication-and-evaluation-of-bulk-nanostructured-cobalt-intended-for-dental-and-orthopedic-implants
#20
Fuzeng Ren, Weiwei Zhu, Kangjie Chu
Bulk nanostructured cobalt (Co) was fabricated by a combination of high energy ball milling and warm pressing. The obtained cobalt has an average grain size of 35nm with measured hardness and elastic modulus of 7.32GPa and 211.4GPa, respectively. Dry sliding wear testing shows such bulk nanostructured Co has high sliding wear resistance. However, electrochemical study shows that such Co has a relatively high corrosion rate and no passive behavior in the artificial saliva solution. X-ray diffraction (XRD) and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) analysis further reveal that the corrosion product is composed of insoluble cobalt (II) phosphate and cobalt hydroxide...
January 25, 2017: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
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