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Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials

Bhavya B Vendra, Esra Roan, John L Williams
The physis, or growth plate, is a layer of cartilage responsible for long bone growth. It is organized into reserve, proliferative and hypertrophic zones. Unlike the reserve zone where chondrocytes are randomly arranged, either singly or in pairs, the proliferative and hypertrophic chondrocytes are arranged within tubular structures called chondrons. In previous studies, the strain patterns within the compressed growth plate have been reported to be nonuniform and inhomogeneous, with an apparent random pattern in compressive strains and a localized appearance of tensile strains...
May 18, 2018: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
Livia C Natale, Marcela C Rodrigues, Yvette Alania, Marina D S Chiari, Leticia C C Boaro, Marycel Cotrim, Oscar Vega, Roberto R Braga
OBJECTIVE: to verify the effect of the addition of dicalcium phosphate dihydrate (DCPD) particles functionalized with di- or triethylene glycol dimethacrylate (DEGDMA or TEGDMA) on the degree of conversion (DC), post-gel shrinkage (PS), mechanical properties, and ion release of experimental composites. METHODS: Four composites were prepared containing a BisGMA/TEGDMA matrix and 60 vol% of fillers. The positive control contained only barium glass fillers, while in the other composites 15 vol% of the barium was replaced by DCPD...
May 18, 2018: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
Sven H Diermann, Mingyuan Lu, Yitian Zhao, Luigi-Jules Vandi, Matthew Dargusch, Han Huang
Selective Laser Sintering (SLS) is a promising technique for manufacturing bio-polymer scaffolds used in bone tissue engineering applications. Conventional scaffolds made using SLS have complex engineered architectures to introduce adequate porosity and pore interconnectivity. This study presents an alternative approach to manufacture scaffolds via SLS without using pre-designed architectures. In this work, a SLS process was developed for fabricating interconnected porous biodegradable poly(3-hydroxybutyrate-co-3-hydroxyvalerate) (PHBV) scaffolds with large surface areas and relative porosities of up to 80%...
May 17, 2018: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
Camila Moreira Machado, Odair Bim Júnior, Marina Ciccone Giacomini, Márcia Sirlene Zardin Graeff, Fernanda Cristina Pimentel Garcia, Daniela Rios, Heitor Marques Honório, Linda Wang
OBJECTIVES: Rhodamine B (RB) is commonly used to evaluate dental polymers, including dental bonding systems (DBS). For reliability assessments, its effect should not only allow visualization of the dentin-polymer interface but also must not interfere with the bonding of the DBS to dentin as measured by the microtensile bond strength and hardness tests. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Flat human dentin surfaces were prepared and randomly distributed (n = 10) into six groups: Adper Scotchbond Multi-Purpose (MP) or Clearfil SE Bond (SE) in concentrations of none/control, 0...
May 17, 2018: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
Ivan Kelnar, Alexander Zhigunov, Ludmila Kaprálková, Ivan Fortelný, Jiří Dybal, Jaroslav Kratochvíl, Martina Nevoralová, Marcela Hricová, Viera Khunová
Addition of high-aspect-ratio (AR) nanofillers can markedly influence flow behavior of polymer systems. As a result, application of graphite nanoplatelets (GNP) allows preparation of microfibrillar composites (MFC) based on PCL matrix reinforced with in-situ generated PLA fibrils. This work deals, for the first time, with preparation of analogous melt-drawn fibers. Unlike other blend-based fibers, the spinning and melt drawing leads to structure of deformed inclusions due to unfavorable ratio of rheological parameters of components...
May 9, 2018: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
Spencer T Brinker, Steven P Kearney, Thomas J Royston, Dieter Klatt
The mechanical properties of tissue are sensitive to pathological changes, which is the basis for using dynamic elastography as a diagnostic tool. The purpose of this study is a concurrent cross-modality comparison of two dynamic elastography methods, Magnetic Resonance Elastography (MRE) and Scanning Laser Doppler Vibrometry (SLDV) using a single vibration source method. Cylindrical soft tissue mimicking specimens of Plastisol and Ecoflex are stimulated with 60, 100, 150, and 250 Hz sinusoidal vibration during imaging...
May 8, 2018: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
Fan Zhao, Wen Xue, Fujun Wang, Laijun Liu, Haoqin Shi, Lu Wang
Stents are vital devices to treat vascular stenosis in pediatric patients with congenital heart disease. Bioresorbable stents (BRSs) have been applied to reduce challenging complications caused by permanent metal stents. However, it remains almost a total lack of BRSs with satisfactory compression performance specifically for children with congenital heart disease, leading to importantly suboptimal effects. In this work, composite bioresorbable prototype stents with superior compression resistance were designed by braiding and annealing technology, incorporating poly (p-dioxanone) (PPDO) monofilaments and polycaprolactone (PCL) multifilament...
May 8, 2018: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
Rabeb Ben Kahla, Abdelwahed Barkaoui, Tarek Merzouki
Bone tissue is a living composite material, providing mechanical and homeostatic functions, and able to constantly adapt its microstructure to changes in long term loading. This adaptation is conducted by a physiological process, known as "bone remodeling". This latter is manifested by interactions between osteoclasts and osteoblasts, and can be influenced by many local factors, via effects on bone cell differentiation and proliferation. In the current work, age and gender effects on damage rate evolution, throughout life, have been investigated using a mechanobiological finite element modeling...
May 4, 2018: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
Do-Gyoon Kim, Yong-Hoon Jeong, Brooke K McMichael, Martin Bähler, Kyle Bodnyk, Ryan Sedlar, Beth S Lee
The objective of this study was to examine relationships among a variety of bone characteristics, including volumetric, mineral density, geometric, dynamic mechanical analysis, and static fracture mechanical properties. As MYO9B is an unconventional myosin in bone cells responsible for normal skeletal growth, bone characteristics of wild-type (WT), heterozygous (HET), and MYO9B knockout (KO) mice groups were compared as an animal model to express different bone quantity and quality. Forty-five sex-matched 12-week-old mice were used in this study...
May 3, 2018: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
Fatemeh Abbasi, Mohammad Hossein Ghanian, Hossein Baharvand, Bahman Vahidi, Mohamadreza Baghaban Eslaminejad
Mechanical forces throughout human mesenchymal stem cell (hMSC) spheroids (mesenspheres) play a predominant role in determining cellular functions of cell growth, proliferation, and differentiation through mechanotransductional mechanisms. Here, we introduce microparticle (MP) incorporation as a mechanical intervention method to alter tensional homeostasis of the mesensphere and explore MSC differentiation in response to MP stiffness. The microparticulate mechanoregulators with different elastic modulus (34 kPa, 0...
May 3, 2018: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
Zhuo Chang, Po-Yu Chen, Yung-Jen Chuang, Riaz Akhtar
Zebrafish (Danio rerio) is a useful model for understanding biomedical properties of bone and are widely employed in developmental and genetics studies. Here, we have studied the development of zebrafish vertebral bone at the nanoscale from adolescence (6 months), early adulthood (10 months) to mid-life (14 months). Characterization of the bone was conducted using energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and PeakForce QNM atomic force microscopy (AFM) techniques. SEM and AFM revealed a lamellar structure with mineralized collagen fibrils...
May 3, 2018: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
Aman S Chahal, Manuel Schweikle, Catherine A Heyward, Hanna Tiainen
Strategies that enable hydrogel substrates to support cell attachment typically incorporate either entire extracellular matrix proteins or synthetic peptide fragments such as the RGD (arginine-glycine-aspartic acid) motif. Previous studies have carefully analysed how material characteristics can affect single cell morphologies. However, the influence of substrate stiffness and ligand presentation on the spatial organisation of human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) have not yet been examined. In this study, we assessed how hMSCs organise themselves on soft (E = 7...
May 3, 2018: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
Bhuvaneswari Gurumurthy, Jason A Griggs, Amol V Janorkar
The ability of a tissue-engineered scaffold to regenerate functional tissues depends on its mechanical and biochemical properties. Though the commonly used collagen scaffolds have good biochemical properties, they fail due to their poor mechanical and physical properties. We have reinforced the collagen matrix with elastin-like polypeptide (ELP) to improve the mechanical and physical properties and optimized the composite composition using a novel statistical method of response surface methodology (RSM). RSM used a central composite design to correlate the 2 input factor variables (collagen and ELP concentrations) and 3 output objectives (tensile strength, elastic modulus, and toughness) using a second order polynomial equation...
May 2, 2018: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
Guebum Han, Cole Hess, Melih Eriten, Corinne R Henak
This paper studies uncoupled poroelastic (flow-dependent) and intrinsic viscoelastic (flow-independent) energy dissipation mechanisms via their dependence on characteristic lengths to understand the root of cartilage's broadband dissipation behavior. Phase shift and dynamic modulus were measured from dynamic microindentation tests conducted on hydrated cartilage at different contact radii, as well as on dehydrated cartilage. Cartilage weight and thickness were recorded during dehydration. Phase shifts revealed poroelastic- and viscoelastic-dominant dissipation regimes in hydrated cartilage...
April 26, 2018: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
Moshabab A Asiry, Ibrahim AlShahrani, Samer M Alaqeel, Bangalore H Durgesh, Ravikumar Ramakrishnaiah
PURPOSE: The adhesion strength of orthodontic brackets bonded to dental glass ceramics was evaluated after ceramic surface was treated with two-step and one-step surface conditioning systems, and subjecting to thermo-cycling. MATERIALS AND METHOD: A total of forty specimens were fabricated from silica based glass ceramic (lithium disilicate) by duplicating the buccal surface of maxillary first premolar. The specimens were randomly assigned to two experimental groups (n = 20), group one specimens were treated with two-step surface conditioning system (IPS ceramic etching gel™ and Monobond plus™) and group two specimens were treated with one-step surface conditioning system (Monobond etch and prime™)...
April 26, 2018: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
Azadeh Motealleh, Siamak Eqtesadi, Antonia Pajares, Pedro Miranda
The effect of different polymeric coatings, including natural and synthetic compositions, on the mechanical performance of 45S5 bioglass robocast scaffolds is systematically analyzed in this work. Fully amorphous 45S5 bioglass robocast scaffolds sintered at 550 °C were impregnated with natural (gelatin, alginate, and chitosan) and synthetic (polycaprolactone, PCL and poly-lactic acid, PLA) polymers through a dip-coating process. Mechanical enhancement provided by these coatings in terms of both compressive strength and strain energy density was evaluated...
April 25, 2018: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
Troels Røn, Kristina Pilgaard Jacobsen, Seunghwan Lee
In this study, we introduce a new experimental approach to characterize the forces emerging from simulated catherization. This setup allows for a linear translation of urinary catheters in vertical direction as controlled by an actuator. By employing silicone-based elastomer with a duct of comparable diameter with catheters as urethra model, sliding contacts during the translation of catheters along the duct is generated. A most unique design and operation feature of this setup is that a digital balance was employed as the sensor to detect emerging forces from simulated catherization...
April 24, 2018: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
J Weickenmeier, M Kurt, E Ozkaya, R de Rooij, T C Ovaert, R L Ehman, K Butts Pauly, E Kuhl
Alterations in brain rheology are increasingly recognized as a diagnostic marker for various neurological conditions. Magnetic resonance elastography now allows us to assess brain rheology repeatably, reproducibly, and non-invasively in vivo. Recent elastography studies suggest that brain stiffness decreases one percent per year during normal aging, and is significantly reduced in Alzheimer's disease and multiple sclerosis. While existing studies successfully compare brain stiffnesses across different populations, they fail to provide insight into changes within the same brain...
April 22, 2018: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
Feng Liu, Li Feng, Junyuan Wang
Edge loading in ceramic-on-ceramic total hip joint replacement is an adverse condition that occurs as the result of a direct contact between the head and the cup rim. It has been associated with translational mismatch in the centres of rotation of the cup and head, and found to cause severe wear and early failure of the implants. Edge loading has been considered in particular in relation to dynamic separation of the cup and head centres during a gait cycle. Research has been carried out both experimentally and computationally to understand the mechanism including the influence of bearing component positioning on the occurrence and severity of edge loading...
April 22, 2018: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
Barbara Zupančič
Modern surgical training, better understanding of the biomechanics of traumatic brain injury, and precise quantification of the difference between mechanical response of healthy and disease-modified brain tissue, require reliable experimental data and efficient mathematical/computational models. In this paper, a new methodology is proposed for prediction of the nonlinear viscoelastic behaviour of porcine brain. Time-strain superposition is applied to the brain stress relaxation data for construction of the overall master curve...
April 21, 2018: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
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