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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514187/diphenhydramine-inhibits-voltage-gated-proton-channels-hv1-and-induces-acidification-in-leukemic-jurkat-t-cells-new-insights-into-the-pro-apoptotic-effects-of-antihistaminic-drugs
#1
Agustín Asuaje, Pedro Martín, Nicolás Enrique, Leandro Agustín Díaz Zegarra, Paola Smaldini, Guillermo Docena, Verónica Milesi
An established characteristic of neoplastic cells is their metabolic reprogramming, known as the Warburg effect, with greater reliance on energetically less efficient pathways (such as glycolysis and pentose phosphate shunt) compared with oxidative phosphorylation. This results in an overproduction of acidic species that must be extruded to maintain intracellular homeostasis. We recently described that blocking the proton currents in leukemic cells mediated by Hv1 ion channels triggers a marked intracellular acidification and apoptosis induction...
May 17, 2017: Channels
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498780/ap-and-ca-2-alternans-an-inseparable-couple
#2
Giedrius Kanaporis, Lothar A Blatter
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 12, 2017: Channels
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494190/formate-nitrite-transporters-monoacids-ride-the-dielectric-slide
#3
Marie Wiechert, Eric Beitz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 11, 2017: Channels
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481659/ion-channel-mechanisms-underlying-frequency-firing-patterns-of-the-avian-nucleus-magnocellularis-a-computational-model
#4
Ting Lu, Kirstie Wade, Hui Hong, Jason Tait Sanchez
We have previously shown that late-developing avian nucleus magnocellularis (NM) neurons (embryonic [E] days 19-21) fire action potentials (APs) that resembles a band-pass filter in response to sinusoidal current injections of varying frequencies. NM neurons located in the mid- to high-frequency regions of the nucleus fire preferentially at 75 Hz, but only fire a single onset AP to frequency inputs greater than 200 Hz. Surprisingly, NM neurons do not fire APs to sinusoidal inputs less than 20 Hz regardless of the strength of the current injection...
May 8, 2017: Channels
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467171/down-regulation-of-t-type-cav3-2-channels-by-hyperpolarization-activated-cyclic-nucleotide-gated-channel-1-hcn1-evidence-of-a-signaling-complex
#5
Jing Fan, Maria A Gandini, Fang-Xiong Zhang, Lina Chen, Ivana A Souza, Gerald W Zamponi
Formation of complexes between ion channels is important for signal processing in the brain. Here we investigate the biochemical and biophysical interactions between HCN1 channels and Cav3.2 T-type channels. We found that HCN1 co-immunoprecipitated with Cav3.2 from lysates of either mouse brain or tsA-201 cells, with the HCN1 N-terminus associating with the Cav3.2 N-terminus. Cav3.2 channel activity appeared to be functionally regulated by HCN1. The expression of HCN1 induced a decrease in Cav3.2 Ba(2+) influx (IBa(2+)) along with altered channel kinetics and a depolarizing shift in activation gating...
May 3, 2017: Channels
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459611/%C3%AE-arrestin-1-bridging-gpcrs-to-active-trp-channels
#6
Zuying Chai, Yang Chen, Changhe Wang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 1, 2017: Channels
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418760/aromatic-dipeptide-trp-ala-can-be-transported-by-arabidopsis-peptide-transporters-atptr1-and-atptr5
#7
Diyang Qiu, Rui Hu, Ying Li, Mingyong Zhang
Dipeptides with an aromatic residue at the N-terminal position induced lower inward currents or blocked leak currents in Xenopus oocytes expressing the proton-coupled peptide transporter AtPTR1 or AtPTR5 of Arabidopsis thaliana compared with dipeptides with an aromatic residue at the C-terminal position. Here, AtPTR1 and AtPTR5 were expressed in a yeast mutant of peptide transporter (ptr2) with tryptophan auxotrophy. Growth assays showed that Trp-Ala could be transported by both AtPTR1 and AtPTR5 as efficiently as Ala-Trp...
April 18, 2017: Channels
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399685/pico145-powerful-new-tool-for-trpc1-4-5-channels
#8
Hussein N Rubaiy, Melanie J Ludlow, Robin S Bon, David J Beech
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 11, 2017: Channels
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340331/sumo-on-crmps-wrestling-for-pain
#9
Anne Baumann, Petri Kursula
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 24, 2017: Channels
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319451/a-best-example-of-channel-structure-annotation-by-molecular-simulation
#10
Shanlin Rao, Gianni Klesse, Phillip J Stansfeld, Stephen J Tucker, Mark S P Sansom
An increasing number of ion channel structures are being determined. This generates a need for computational tools to enable functional annotation of channel structures. However, several studies of ion channel and model pores have indicated that the physical dimensions of a pore are not always a reliable indicator of its conductive status. This is due to the unusual behavior of water within nano-confined spaces, resulting in a phenomenon referred to as "hydrophobic gating". We have recently demonstrated how simulating the behavior of water within an ion channel pore can be used to predict its conductive status...
March 20, 2017: Channels
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301277/evidence-that-orai1-does-not-contribute-to-store-operated-trpc1-channels-in-vascular-smooth-muscle-cells
#11
Jian Shi, Francesc Miralles, Jean-Pierre Kinet, Lutz Birnbaumer, William A Large, Anthony P Albert
Ca(2+)-permeable store-operated channels (SOCs) mediate Ca(2+) entry pathways which are involved in many cellular functions such as contraction, growth, and proliferation. Prototypical SOCs are formed of Orai1 proteins and are activated by the endo/sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca(2+) sensor stromal interaction molecule 1 (STIM1). There is considerable debate about whether canonical transient receptor potential 1 (TRPC1) proteins also form store-operated channels (SOCs), and if they do, is Orai1 involved. We recently showed that stimulation of TRPC1-based SOCs involves store depletion inducing STIM1-evoked Gαq/PLCβ1 activity in contractile vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs)...
March 16, 2017: Channels
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301269/the-long-tale-of-the-calcium-activated-cl-channels-in-olfactory-transduction
#12
Michele Dibattista, Simone Pifferi, Anna Boccaccio, Anna Menini, Johannes Reisert
Ca(2+)-activated Cl(-) currents have been implicated in many cellular processes in different cells, but for many years, their molecular identity remained unknown. Particularly intriguing are Ca(2+)-activated Cl(-) currents in olfactory transduction, first described in the early 90s. Well characterized electrophysiologically, they carry most of the odorant-induced receptor current in the cilia of olfactory sensory neurons (OSNs). After many attempts to determine their molecular identity, TMEM16B was found to be abundantly expressed in the cilia of OSNs in 2009 and having biophysical properties like those of the native olfactory channel...
March 16, 2017: Channels
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287333/dependence-of-heat-evoked-trpa1-activation-on-extracellular-ca-2
#13
Erkin Kurganov, Makoto Tominaga
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 13, 2017: Channels
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282251/divide-multitask-and-conquer-coordination-in-channel-regulation
#14
Juan Lorenzo Pablo, Geoffrey S Pitt
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2, 2017: Channels
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277939/potassium-channel-expression-and-function-in-microglia-plasticity-and-possible-species-variations
#15
Hai M Nguyen, Linda V Blomster, Palle Christophersen, Heike Wulff
Potassium channels play important roles in microglia functions and thus constitute potential targets for the treatment of neurodegenerative diseases like Alzheimer, Parkinson and stroke. However, uncertainty still prevails as to which potassium channels are expressed and at what levels in different species, how the expression pattern changes upon activation with M1 or M2 polarizing stimuli compared with more complex exposure paradigms, and - most importantly - how these findings relate to the in vivo situation...
March 1, 2017: Channels
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277938/sk-channel-subtypes-enable-parallel-optimized-coding-of-behaviorally-relevant-stimulus-attributes-a-review
#16
Chengjie G Huang, Maurice J Chacron
Ion channels play essential roles toward determining how neurons respond to sensory input to mediate perception and behavior. Small conductance calcium-activated potassium (SK) channels are found ubiquitously throughout the brain and have been extensively characterized both molecularly and physiologically in terms of structure and function. It is clear that SK channels are key determinants of neural excitability as they mediate important neuronal response properties such as spike frequency adaptation. However, the functional roles of the different known SK channel subtypes are not well understood...
March 1, 2017: Channels
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277940/a-single-structurally-conserved-sumoylation-site-in-crmp2-controls-nav1-7-function
#17
Erik Thomas Dustrude, Samantha Perez-Miller, Liberty François-Moutal, Aubin Moutal, May Khanna, Rajesh Khanna
The neuronal collapsin response mediator protein 2 (CRMP2) undergoes several posttranslational modifications that codify its functions. Most recently, CRMP2 SUMOylation (addition of small ubiquitin like modifier (SUMO)) was identified as a key regulatory step within a modification program that codes for CRMP2 interaction with, and trafficking of, voltage-gated sodium channel NaV1.7. In this paper, we illustrate the utility of combining sequence alignment within protein families with structural analysis to identify, from several putative SUMOylation sites, those that are most likely to be biologically relevant...
February 28, 2017: Channels
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27960620/the-goslo-family-of-bk-channel-activators-a-no-go-for-%C3%AE-subunits
#18
Teresa Giraldez
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 4, 2017: Channels
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27764579/specific-and-essential-but-not-sufficient-roles-of-lrrc8a-in-the-activity-of-volume-sensitive-outwardly-rectifying-anion-channel-vsor
#19
Toshiaki Okada, Md Rafiqul Islam, Nargiza A Tsiferova, Yasunobu Okada, Ravshan Z Sabirov
The broadly expressed volume-sensitive outwardly rectifying anion channel (VSOR, also called VRAC) plays essential roles in cell survival and death. Recent findings have suggested that LRRC8A is a core component of VSOR in human cells. In the present study, VSOR currents were found to be largely reduced by siRNA against LRRC8A in mouse C127 cells as well. In contrast, LRRC8A knockdown never affected activities of 4 other types of anion channel activated by acid, Ca(2+), patch excision or cAMP. While cisplatin-resistant KCP-4 cells poorly expressed endogenous VSOR activity, molecular expression levels of LRRC8A, LRRC8D and LRRC8E were indistinguishable between VSOR-deficient KCP-4 cells and the parental VSOR-rich KB cells...
March 4, 2017: Channels
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27736292/orai1-regulates-calcium-entry-into-dendritic-spines
#20
Eduard Korkotian, Menahem Segal
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 4, 2017: Channels
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