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International Journal of Speech-language Pathology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788772/conceptualising-dose-in-paediatric-language-interventions-current-findings-and-future-directions
#1
Laura M Justice
Dose is a particularly important element of treatment for speech and language disorders, yet relatively little is known concerning how best to operationalise dose in clinical settings. This keynote provides an overview of dose as a theoretical and empirical concept and discusses recent findings that question whether "more is better" when treating children with language disorders. Given recent evidence showing that spaced treatments may result in optimal gains for children, I argue that low-frequency therapy sessions can be especially beneficial for children with language disorders when they are highly productive, providing children with high levels of dose...
May 22, 2018: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724145/elizabeth-usher-memorial-lecture-how-do-we-change-our-profession-using-the-lens-of-behavioural-economics-to-improve-evidence-based-practice-in-speech-language-pathology
#2
Patricia J McCabe
Evidence-based practice (EBP) is a well-accepted theoretical framework around which speech-language pathologists strive to build their clinical decisions. The profession's conceptualisation of EBP has been evolving over the last 20 years with the practice of EBP now needing to balance research evidence, clinical data and informed patient choices. However, although EBP is not a new concept, as a profession, we seem to be no closer to closing the gap between research evidence and practice than we were at the start of the movement toward EBP in the late 1990s...
May 3, 2018: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724130/elucidating-inconsistencies-in-dysphagia-diagnostics-redefining-normal
#3
Emily K Plowman, Ianessa A Humbert
Speech-language pathologists (SLPs) are the primary healthcare providers responsible for the evaluation and treatment of dysphagia. Fundamental to this role is the ability to make accurate clinical judgements to distinguish between normal versus disordered swallowing for subsequent treatment planning. In this review, we highlight recent data collected from practising clinicians in the USA that reveal low levels of agreement across clinicians and poor to moderate levels of accuracy for making binary diagnostic ratings (normal vs...
May 3, 2018: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29709201/telehealth-and-autism-a-systematic-search-and-review-of-the-literature
#4
Rebecca Sutherland, David Trembath, Jacqueline Roberts
PURPOSE: Research interest in telehealth and autism spectrum disorder (ASD) has grown. There is a need to review the literature to allow speech-language pathologists (SLPs) and other service providers to consider applicability to their settings. The aim of this review was to examine the nature and outcomes of studies examining telehealth assessment and/or intervention in ASD. METHOD: A systematic search of the literature was undertaken, with 14 studies meeting inclusion criteria...
April 30, 2018: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642741/effects-of-transcranial-direct-current-stimulation-over-the-broca-s-area-on-tongue-twister-production
#5
Min Ney Wong, Yanky Chan, Manwa L Ng, Frank F Zhu
PURPOSE: The present study aimed to explore the short-term effect of anodal transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) on tongue twister production. METHOD: Thirty healthy native Cantonese adult speakers were randomly assigned to the anodal tDCS group or the sham tDCS group. Anodal tDCS of 2 mA was applied over the Broca's area of the brain. The stimulation lasted for 20 min for the anodal tDCS group and 30 s for the sham tDCS group. The participants were instructed to produce a list of tongue twisters before, immediately after and 4 h after tDCS...
April 11, 2018: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642734/language-development-in-children-who-stutter-a-review-of-recent-research
#6
Marilyn A Nippold
PURPOSE: This article reviews recent studies that examined the controversial claim that children who stutter (CWS), as a group, have weaker language skills than children who do not stutter (CWNS). The article was an effort to address the conflicting conclusions of two previous reviews of the research in this area. METHOD: Studies published in research journals during the past 7 years (2011-2018) were located through a systematic review of the literature. Each study was analysed to determine how well it supported the claim that CWS, as a group, have weaker language skills than CWNS...
April 11, 2018: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621894/an-investigation-into-the-relationship-between-parent-satisfaction-and-child-fluency-in-the-lidcombe-program-clinic-versus-telehealth-delivery
#7
Birgitta Ferdinands, Kate Bridgman
PURPOSE: Parents have a vital role in the delivery of the Lidcombe Program when treating stuttering in young children. Research into parent experiences and perceptions throughout the Lidcombe Program is currently limited. Qualitative literature indicates that parent experiences and child progress are closely linked with program duration. This preliminary quantitative study examined parent satisfaction with child fluency at three time points. Data from clinic and telehealth delivery of the Lidcombe Program were used to further explore between-group non-inferiority...
April 5, 2018: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614891/aphasia-and-reperfusion-therapies-in-hyper-acute-settings-a-scoping-review
#8
Victoria Jones, Emma Finch, Anna Copley
PURPOSE: Reperfusion therapies are medical treatments that restore blood flow either by surgical removal of a blood clot or with medications that dissolve clots. The introduction of reperfusion therapies has the potential to change the presentation of aphasia following acute ischaemic stroke (AIS). This scoping study will explore the relationship between aphasia and reperfusion therapies from a speech-language pathology perspective. METHOD: A systematic literature search was performed on studies published up until October 2016...
April 3, 2018: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614887/vocal-function-exercises-for-normal-voice-with-and-without-semi-occlusion
#9
Maria Bane, Megan Brown, Vrushali Angadi, Daniel J Croake, Richard D Andreatta, Joseph C Stemple
PURPOSE: This study examined the effect of varying degrees of vocal tract (VT) occlusion used during Vocal Function Exercises (VFEs) on attainment of maximum phonation time (MPT) goals in normal voice. Greater VT occlusion was expected to result in increased MPT. The overarching goal was to determine whether the semi-occluded vocal tract (SOVT) posture used during VFEs could be modified while preserving efficacy. METHOD: Twenty-six females ages 18-30 participated in this pre-post longitudinal group study...
April 3, 2018: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614233/the-effect-of-speech-language-pathology-students-on-clinician-time-use-and-activity
#10
Elizabeth Bourne, Lindy McAllister, Srivalli Nagarajan, Kate Short
PURPOSE: This prospective study investigated the impact of supervising students on public health speech-language pathologists' (SLPs) time and patient activity levels in order to broaden evidence in the profession. METHOD: Thirty-four SLPs supervising students collected data profiling their time use and activity during the first, middle and penultimate placement week. They also collected data for a week when not supervising students. Pre- and post-placement surveys were used to supplement quantitative data with additional information such as clinician and student experience levels...
April 3, 2018: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29591838/getting-comfortable-with-comfort-feeding-an-exploration-of-legal-and-ethical-aspects-of-the-australian-speech-language-pathologist-s-role-in-palliative-dysphagia-care
#11
Katherine Kelly, Steven Cumming, Belinda Kenny, Jennifer Smith-Merry, Hans Bogaardt
PURPOSE: With an ageing population, speech-language pathologists (SLPs) can expect to encounter legal and ethical challenges associated with palliative and end-of-life care more frequently. An awareness of the medico-legal and ethical framework for palliative dysphagia management will better equip SLPs to work effectively in this area. METHOD: This narrative review examines a range of legislation, legal, ethical and SLP literature that is currently available to orient SLPs to legal and ethical palliative dysphagia management in the Australian context...
March 28, 2018: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29516764/narrative-skills-in-two-languages-of-mandarin-english-bilingual-children
#12
Ying Hao, Lisa M Bedore, Li Sheng, Elizabeth D Peña
PURPOSE: Narrative skills between Mandarin and English in Mandarin-English (ME) bilingual children were compared, exploring cross-linguistic interactions of these skills, and influences of age and current language experience (input and output) on narrative performance. METHOD: Macrostructure and microstructure in elicited narratives from 21 ME bilingual children were analysed. Language experience was collected by parent report and entered as a covariate. Repeated measures analysis of covariance (ANCOVA) was conducted to compare the two languages...
March 8, 2018: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29516763/sentence-stress-in-children-with-dysarthria-and-cerebral-palsy
#13
Anja Kuschmann, Anja Lowit
PURPOSE: This study aimed to advance our understanding of how children with dysarthria and cerebral palsy (CP) realise sentence stress acoustically, and how well listeners could identify the position of the stressed word within these utterances. METHOD: Seven children with CP and eight typically developing children participated in the experiment. Stress on target words in two sentence positions was elicited through a picture-based question-answer paradigm. Acoustic parameters of stress [duration, intensity and fundamental frequency (F0)] were measured and compared between stressed and unstressed target words...
March 8, 2018: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29516762/language-abilities-of-indigenous-and-non-indigenous-australian-children-from-low-socioeconomic-backgrounds-in-their-first-year-of-school
#14
Wendy M Pearce, Kieran Flanagan
PURPOSE: Concern exists about the cross-cultural appropriateness of existing language assessments for non-mainstream populations, including Indigenous children who may speak a non-standard dialect of the mainstream language. This study therefore aims to investigate the language skills of Indigenous Australian children in comparison with non-Indigenous children, with a view to exploring the cultural appropriateness of language sampling assessment methods. METHOD: The performance of 51 typically developing Indigenous and non-Indigenous Australian children was compared on a standardised assessment and a spoken narrative protocol using language sample analysis measures...
March 8, 2018: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29516757/determining-stability-in-connected-speech-in-primary-progressive-aphasia-and-alzheimer-s-disease
#15
Ashleigh Beales, Anne Whitworth, Jade Cartwright, Peter K Panegyres, Robert T Kane
PURPOSE: Using connected speech to assess progressive language disorders is confounded by uncertainty around whether connected speech is stable over successive sampling, and therefore representative of an individual's performance, and whether some contexts and/or language behaviours show greater stability than others. METHOD: A repeated measure, within groups, research design was used to investigate stability of a range of behaviours in the connected speech of six individuals with primary progressive aphasia and three individuals with Alzheimer's disease...
March 8, 2018: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29504809/effect-of-mobile-technology-featuring-visual-scene-displays-and-just-in-time-programming-on-communication-turns-by-preadolescent-and-adolescent-beginning-communicators
#16
Christine Holyfield, Jessica Gosnell Caron, Kathryn Drager, Janice Light
PURPOSE: Visual scene displays (VSDs) and just-in-time programming supports are augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) technology features with theoretical benefits for beginning communicators of all ages. The goal of the current study was to evaluate the effects of a communication application (app) on mobile technology that supported the just-in-time programming of VSDs on the communication of preadolescents and adolescents who were beginning communicators. METHOD: A single-subject multiple-baseline across participant design was employed to evaluate the effect of the AAC app with VSDs programmed just-in-time by the researcher on the communication turns expressed by five preadolescents and adolescents (9-18 years old) who were beginning communicators...
March 5, 2018: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29504804/how-important-is-embeddedness-in-predicting-australian-speech-language-pathologists-intentions-to-leave-their-jobs-and-the-profession
#17
Brody Heritage, Michelle Quail, Naomi Cocks
PURPOSE: This study explored the predictors of the outcomes of turnover and occupation attrition intentions for speech-language pathologists. The researchers examined the mediating effects of job satisfaction and strain on the relationship between stress and the latter outcomes. Additionally, the researchers examined the importance of embeddedness in predicting turnover intentions after accounting for stress, strain and job satisfaction. METHOD: An online questionnaire was used to explore turnover and attrition intentions in 293 Australian speech-language pathologists...
March 5, 2018: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908200/development-of-an-internet-version-of-the-lidcombe-program-of-early-stuttering-intervention-a-trial-of-part-1
#18
Sabine Van Eerdenbrugh, Ann Packman, Mark Onslow, Sue O'brian, Ross Menzies
PURPOSE: There is evidence that access to treatment for early stuttering is not available for all who need it. An internet version of the Lidcombe Program for early stuttering (Internet-LP) has been developed to deal with this shortfall. The LP is suitable for such development because it is delivered by parents in the child's everyday environment, with training by a speech-language pathologist. A Phase I trial of Internet-LP Part 1, comprising parent training, is reported here. METHOD: Eight parents of pre-schoolers who stutter were recruited and six completed the trial...
April 2018: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29466096/measurement-accuracy-enabling-human-rights-for-fijian-students-with-speech-difficulties
#19
Beth Sprunt, Manjula Marella
PURPOSE: The Universal Declaration of Human Rights enshrines the rights to communication and education and measuring access to these rights for children with disabilities is fundamental. The UNICEF/Washington Group Child Functioning Module (CFM) is being promoted to measure progress against the Sustainable Development Goals for children with disabilities. This cross-sectional diagnostic accuracy study in Fiji compares parent and teacher CFM responses to the Intelligibility in Context Scale for 463 primary-aged students with and without speech difficulties...
February 2018: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29466095/the-importance-of-the-human-right-to-communication
#20
Alastair McEwin, Edward Santow
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
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