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International Journal of Speech-language Pathology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326896/investigating-the-effect-of-regional-native-accents-on-sentence-comprehension-in-children-with-language-impairment
#1
Pauline Frizelle, Jennifer Harte, Paul Fletcher, Fiona Gibbon
PURPOSE: Research has shown that accent variation can affect typically developing (TD) children's understanding of language, as well as that of children with speech difficulties, neuro-typical adults and those with aphasia and dementia. This study aims to investigate the effect of regional native accents on sentence comprehension in children with language impairment (LI), an area not previously explored. METHOD: Forty-three children with LI (mean age 6.04) and forty-five younger TD children (mean age 4...
March 22, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306394/measuring-discourse-coherence-in-anomic-aphasia-using-rhetorical-structure-theory
#2
Anthony Pak-Hin Kong, Anastasia Linnik, Sam-Po Law, Waisa Wai-Man Shum
PURPOSE: The existing body of work regarding discourse coherence in aphasia has provided mixed results, leaving the question of coherence being impaired or intact as a result of brain injury unanswered. In this study, discourse coherence in non-brain-damaged (NBD) speakers and speakers with anomic aphasia was investigated quantitatively and qualitatively. METHOD: Fifteen native speakers of Cantonese with anomic aphasia and 15 NBD participants produced 60 language samples...
March 17, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306339/working-memory-in-school-age-children-with-and-without-a-persistent-speech-sound-disorder
#3
Kelly Farquharson, Tiffany P Hogan, John E Bernthal
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to explore the role of working memory processes as a possible cognitive underpinning of persistent speech sound disorders (SSD). METHOD: Forty school-aged children were enrolled; 20 children with persistent SSD (P-SSD) and 20 typically developing children. Children participated in three working memory tasks - one to target each of the components in Baddeley's working memory model: phonological loop, visual spatial sketchpad and central executive...
March 17, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296521/speech-language-pathology-intervention-in-a-youth-justice-setting-benefits-perceived-by-staff-extend-beyond-communication
#4
Pamela C Snow, Kerryn Bagley, Donna White
PURPOSE: Young people in youth justice (YJ) settings face high-risk for unidentified language disorder, however, speech-language pathology (SLP) services are not routinely offered in such settings. The aim of this study was to explore and describe the perceptions and experiences of YJ staff in a custodial centre of the utility of having a speech-language pathologist working with young offenders. METHOD: Following a SLP intervention trial, two staff focus groups were conducted by an independent SLP...
March 15, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290729/evidence-for-the-treatment-of-co-occurring-stuttering-and-speech-sound-disorder-a-clinical-case-series
#5
Rachael Unicomb, Sally Hewat, Elizabeth Spencer, Elisabeth Harrison
PURPOSE: There is a paucity of evidence to guide treatment for children with co-occurring stuttering and speech sound disorder. Some guidelines suggest treating the two disorders simultaneously using indirect treatment approaches; however, the research supporting these recommendations is over 20 years old. In this clinical case series, we investigate whether these co-occurring disorders could be treated concurrently using direct treatment approaches supported by up-to-date, high-level evidence, and whether this could be done in an efficacious, safe and efficient manner...
March 14, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290724/can-a-teacher-reported-indicator-be-used-for-population-monitoring-of-oral-language-skills-at-school-entry
#6
Sarah Gray, Amanda Kvalsvig, Meredith O'Connor, Elodie O'Connor, Emily Incledon, Joanne Tarasuik, Sharon Goldfeld
PURPOSE: Monitoring oral language skills at the population level would provide valuable data to inform policy decisions to better support children's oral language skills in schools. The Australian Early Development Census (AEDC) is a teacher-rated population measure of early child development that includes a rating of children's oral communication in the classroom (OCC). METHOD: This study evaluates the validity of the OCC indicator for population monitoring of children's oral language skills, capitalising on data from two datasets: the 2012 AEDC cohort (n = 289 973) and a subsample of children from the Longitudinal Study of Australian Children for whom AEDC data were also collected (n = 720)...
March 14, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264593/culturally-and-linguistically-diverse-students-in-speech-language-pathology-courses-a-platform-for-culturally-responsive-services
#7
Stacie Attrill, Michelle Lincoln, Sue McAllister
PURPOSE: Increasing the proportion of culturally and linguistically diverse (CALD) students and providing intercultural learning opportunities for all students are two strategies identified to facilitate greater access to culturally responsive speech-language pathology services. To enact these strategies, more information is needed about student diversity. This study collected descriptive information about CALD speech-language pathology students in Australia. METHOD: Cultural and linguistic background information was collected through surveying 854 domestic and international speech-language pathology students from three Australian universities...
March 7, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264588/communication-partner-training-for-health-care-professionals-in-an-inpatient-rehabilitation-setting-a-parallel-randomised-trial
#8
Renee Heard, Robyn O'halloran, Kathryn Mckinley
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to determine if the E-Learning Plus communication partner training (CPT) programme is as effective as the Supported Conversation for Adults with Aphasia (SCA(TM)) CPT programme in improving healthcare professionals' confidence and knowledge communicating with patients with aphasia. METHOD: Forty-eight healthcare professionals working in inpatient rehabilitation participated. Participants were randomised to one of the CPT programmes...
March 7, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264584/clinicians-perspectives-of-therapeutic-alliance-in-face-to-face-and-telepractice-speech-language-pathology-sessions
#9
Anneka Freckmann, Monique Hines, Michelle Lincoln
PURPOSE: To investigate the face validity of a measure of therapeutic alliance for paediatric speech-language pathology and to determine whether a difference exists in therapeutic alliance reported by speech-language pathologists (SLPs) conducting face-to-face sessions, compared with telepractice SLPs or in their ratings of confidence with technology. METHOD: SLPs conducting telepractice (n = 14) or face-to-face therapy (n = 18) completed an online survey which included the Therapeutic Alliance Scales for Children - Revised (TASC-r) (Therapist Form) to rate clinicians' perceptions of rapport with up to three clients...
March 7, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28084854/combined-aphasia-and-apraxia-of-speech-treatment-caast-systematic-replications-in-the-development-of-a-novel-treatment
#10
Julie L Wambaugh, Sandra Wright, Shannon C Mauszycki, Christina Nessler, Dallin Bailey
PURPOSE: The purpose of this investigation was to examine the effects of a modified version of a newly developed therapy for aphasia and acquired apraxia of speech (AOS), Combined Aphasia and Apraxia of Speech Treatment (CAAST). METHOD: Four speakers with chronic AOS and aphasia received CAAST in the context of multiple baseline designs. Dependent variables included language measures (i.e. production of correct information units (CIUs)) and speech production measures (i...
January 13, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28084112/changes-in-semantic-fluency-across-childhood-normative-data-from-australian-english-speakers
#11
Sara Chami, Natalie Munro, Kimberley Docking, Karla McGregor, Joanne Arciuli, Elise Baker, Rob Heard
PURPOSE: Verbal fluency tests are often used as part of an assessment battery to investigate children's lexical knowledge as well as executive function skills. To date, however, issues surrounding consistency of measurement cloud comparisons across studies, with the developmental performance of Australian-English speaking children also currently lacking. This study tracked verbal fluency development as measured by two semantic fluency tasks that included coding of fluency, clustering and switching type responses...
January 13, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28084105/elizabeth-usher-memorial-lecture-rethinking-the-clinical-pathway-for-autism-spectrum-disorder-and-challenging-the-status-quo
#12
Andrew J O Whitehouse
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is typically diagnosed between 2 and 5 years of age, which is currently thought to be the earliest that the behavioural symptoms are able to be identified without ambiguity. A significant problem with this relatively "late" age of diagnosis is that by the time a child has been identified and diagnosed with ASD, many of the best opportunities for therapies to capitalise upon brain plasticity very early in development are not realised. This paper provides an overview of the benefits and drawbacks of the current clinical pathway that places primacy on a diagnostic assessment for triggering the commencement of therapy...
January 13, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28084100/intervention-research-appraising-study-designs-interpreting-findings-and-creating-research-in-clinical-practice
#13
Susan H Ebbels
Speech-language pathologists (SLPs) are increasingly required to read, interpret and create evidence regarding the effectiveness of interventions. This requires a good understanding of the strengths and weaknesses of different intervention study designs. This paper aims to take readers through a range of designs commonly used in speech-language pathology, working from those with the least to most experimental control, with a particular focus on how the more robust designs avoid some of the limitations of weaker designs...
January 13, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079400/dysphagia-therapy-post-stroke-an-exploration-of-the-practices-and-clinical-decision-making-of-speech-language-pathologists-in-australia
#14
Olivia Jones, Jade Cartwright, Anne Whitworth, Naomi Cocks
PURPOSE: A variety of dysphagia management options are available for the treatment of dysphagia following a stroke, however, it is unknown which of these approaches are most commonly utilised by Australian speech-language pathologists (SLPs) and whether particular factors influence decision-making. METHOD: The aim of this study was to investigate, through an online survey, the treatment practices of SLPs in Australia for the treatment of dysphagia post-stroke and identify the factors influencing treatment decisions...
January 12, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000516/speech-perception-in-children-with-cochlear-implants-for-continua-varying-in-formant-transition-duration
#15
Kathryn Guillot Blankenship, Ralph N Ohde, Jong Ho Won, Mark Hedrick
PURPOSE: To examine the developmental course of labial and alveolar manner of articulation contrasts, and to determine how that course may be different for typically developing (TD) children with cochlear implants (CI). METHOD: Eight young adults, eight TD 5-8 year-old children, and seven 5-8 year-old children with CIs participated. Labial /ba/-/wa/ and alveolar /da/-/ja/ continua stimuli were presented, with each continuum consisting of nine synthetic stimuli varying in F2 and F3 transition duration...
December 21, 2016: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27981861/a-comparison-of-two-rating-protocols-for-videofluoroscopic-swallowing-study-by-inexperienced-judges
#16
Man Kei Karen Chan, Pui Pui Joanna Cheng
PURPOSE: Videofluoroscopic swallowing study (VFSS) has been widely used in clinical settings and in research for evaluating swallowing functions. The interpretation of such studies requires subjective judgment by the raters, which may be affected by clinical experience and definitions of the rating parameters. Two methods have been proposed to improve the reliability: training and use of a coordinate mapping (CM) protocol. This study aimed at investigating the effect of training on improving the intra-and inter-rater reliabilities of VFSS analysis; and comparing the intra- and inter-rater reliabilities of a clinical evaluation (CE) protocol and a CM protocol for analysing VFSS...
December 16, 2016: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908200/development-of-an-internet-version-of-the-lidcombe-program-of-early-stuttering-intervention-a-trial-of-part-1
#17
Sabine Van Eerdenbrugh, Ann Packman, Mark Onslow, Sue O'brian, Ross Menzies
PURPOSE: There is evidence that access to treatment for early stuttering is not available for all who need it. An internet version of the Lidcombe Program for early stuttering (Internet-LP) has been developed to deal with this shortfall. The LP is suitable for such development because it is delivered by parents in the child's everyday environment, with training by a speech-language pathologist. A Phase I trial of Internet-LP Part 1, comprising parent training, is reported here. METHOD: Eight parents of pre-schoolers who stutter were recruited and six completed the trial...
December 2, 2016: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27063686/reflective-processes-of-practitioners-in-head-and-neck-cancer-rehabilitation-a-grounded-theory-study
#18
Marie-Ève Caty, Elizabeth Anne Kinsella, Philip C Doyle
PURPOSE: This study systematically examined how experienced Speech-Language Pathologists (SLPs) use the processes of reflection to develop knowledge relevant for practice in the context of head and neck cancer (HNC) rehabilitation. METHOD: In-depth, semi-structured interviews were conducted with 12 SLPs working in HNC rehabilitation in North America. Grounded theory methodology was adopted for data collection and analysis. RESULT: The findings inform a preliminary reflective practice model that depicts the processes of reflection used by practitioners interviewed...
December 2016: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882773/the-acquisition-of-initial-consonant-clusters-in-german-speaking-2-year-olds
#19
Blanca Schaefer, Annette Fox-Boyer
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to explore cluster acquisition in typically developing German-speaking 2-year-olds. METHOD: Data from four cross-sectional studies (n = 145, aged 2;00-2;11) and one eight-month longitudinal study were analysed (n = 6, aged 2;01-2;04). Two different percentages of consonant clusters correct were calculated to allow a more detailed analysis. RESULT: Findings showed that the majority of children produced clusters, although they could not be considered to be fully acquired...
November 24, 2016: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27778519/beyond-academic-performance-practice-implications-for-working-with-students-following-traumatic-brain-injury
#20
Margaret Mealings, Jacinta Douglas, John Olver
PURPOSE: Speech-language pathologists (SLPs) have a key role in supporting educational participation for secondary and tertiary students with traumatic brain injury (TBI). This article aims to (i) explore issues identified by students with TBI that affect educational participation beyond their academic performance, (ii) offer a framework based on research evidence to guide the practice of SLPs and (iii) explore strategies that may expand the traditional roles of SLPs to support students beyond academic performance...
October 25, 2016: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
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