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International Journal of Speech-language Pathology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28466659/effects-of-ageing-on-orofacial-fine-force-control-and-its-relationship-with-parallel-change-in-sensory-perception
#1
Nicole M Etter, Patrick O Mckeon, Emily V Dressler, Richard D Andreatta
PURPOSE: Current theoretical models suggest the importance of a bidirectional relationship between sensation and production in the vocal tract to maintain lifelong speech skills. The purpose of this study was to assess age-related changes in orofacial skilled force production and to begin defining the orofacial perception-action relationship in healthy adults. METHOD: Low-level orofacial force control measures (reaction time, rise time, peak force, mean hold force (N) and force hold SD) were collected from 60 adults (19-84 years)...
May 3, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463013/community-listeners-perceptions-of-voice-function-post-radiotherapy-for-laryngeal-cancer
#2
Liza Bergström, Elizabeth C Ward, Caterina Finizia
PURPOSE: Successful communication is influenced by communication partners, the community and communication environment. This study examines community members' perceptions of voice function following laryngeal cancer management compared to ratings by clinicians and patients. METHOD: Sixty-six (Tis-T3) laryngeal cancer patients post-radiotherapy, 10 community members and three speech-language pathologists (clinicians) were recruited. Patients completed voice recordings and self-rated voice quality and acceptability, six months post-radiotherapy...
May 2, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443686/combined-clinician-parent-delivery-of-rapid-syllable-transition-rest-treatment-for-childhood-apraxia-of-speech
#3
Donna C Thomas, Patricia McCabe, Kirrie J Ballard
PURPOSE: Although speech-language pathologists use parent-delivered home-practice, little is known about the quality of this practice and its relation to treatment efficacy. This study reports both treatment outcomes and fidelity following combined clinician-parent delivery of Rapid Syllable Transition (ReST) treatment. METHOD: Five children aged 5:1-11:7 with childhood apraxia of speech received 12 treatment sessions; six clinic-based and six at home, using multiple baselines across participants design...
April 26, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440674/late-talkers-and-later-language-outcomes-predicting-the-different-language-trajectories
#4
Rebecca Armstrong, James G Scott, Andrew J O Whitehouse, David A Copland, Katie L Mcmahon, Wendy Arnott
PURPOSE: The aim of the current study was to investigate the risk factors present at 2 years for children who showed language difficulties that persisted from 2 to 10 years and difficulties that emerged later, at 10 years. METHOD: Participants (n = 783) were drawn from the Raine Study in Western Australia. Patterns of change from 2 to 10 years were identified based on child performance on the Language Development Survey and the Clinical Evaluation of Language Fundamentals, respectively...
April 25, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418261/preschool-children-s-communication-motor-and-social-development-parents-and-educators-concerns
#5
Sharynne McLeod, Kathryn Crowe, Jane McCormack, Paul White, Yvonne Wren, Elise Baker, Sarah Masso, Sue Roulstone
PURPOSE: During early childhood, it is important to identify which children require intervention before they face the increased demands of school. This study aimed to: (1) compare parents' and educators' concerns, (2) examine inter-rater reliability between parents' and educators' concerns and (3) determine the group difference between level of concern and children's performance on clinical testing. METHOD: Parents and educators of 1205 4- to 5-year-old children in the Sound Start Study completed the Parents' Evaluation of Developmental Status...
April 18, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394222/exploring-the-impact-of-living-with-dyslexia-the-perspectives-of-children-and-their-parents
#6
Suze Leitão, Peta Dzidic, Mary Claessen, Joanne Gordon, Kate Howard, Mandy Nayton, Mark E Boyes
PURPOSE: A small but growing body of literature indicates that children with dyslexia are at elevated risk of internalising and externalising mental health problems. However, little research addresses why this might be the case, particularly from the point of view of the children or their parents. This study therefore aimed to explore the lived experiences of children with dyslexia, and their parents. METHOD: Drawing on a phenomenological approach, 13 children with dyslexia and 21 parents were interviewed...
April 10, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394187/using-critical-realistic-evaluation-to-support-translation-of-research-into-clinical-practice
#7
Michelle C Swift, Marilyn Langevin, Alexander M Clark
A challenge that speech-language pathologists (SLPs) face is the translation of research into clinical practice. While randomised controlled trials (RCTs) are often touted as the "gold standard" of efficacy research, much valuable information is lost through the process; RCTs by nature are designed to wash out individual client factors and contexts that might influence the outcome in order to present the "true" impact of the intervention. However, in the area of behavioural interventions, the interaction of client factors and contexts with the treatment agent can substantially influence the outcome...
April 10, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394186/early-adolescent-language-development-following-intrathecal-chemotherapy-for-acute-lymphoblastic-leukaemia
#8
Fiona M Lewis, Jaycie K Bohan
PURPOSE: Central nervous system (CNS) prophylaxis in the treatment of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL) is routinely achieved through intrathecal chemotherapy (ITC). The presence of high level language deficits in older children who received CNS-directed ITC for ALL in early childhood is yet to be elucidated, with previous research suggesting that high level language deficits may appear later in ALL survivors' development at an age when these skills typically emerge. METHOD: A test battery covering foundational language skills and higher-order language skills was administered to five participants (aged 10-15 years) with a history of ITC for ALL...
April 10, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358249/erratum
#9
Sabine Van Eerdenbrugh, Ann Packman, Mark Onslow, Sue O'brian, Ross Menzies
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 30, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28351159/implementation-fidelity-of-a-computer-assisted-intervention-for-children-with-speech-sound-disorders
#10
Jane McCormack, Elise Baker, Sarah Masso, Kathryn Crowe, Sharynne McLeod, Yvonne Wren, Sue Roulstone
BACKGROUND: Implementation fidelity refers to the degree to which an intervention or programme adheres to its original design. This paper examines implementation fidelity in the Sound Start Study, a clustered randomised controlled trial of computer-assisted support for children with speech sound disorders (SSD). METHOD: Sixty-three children with SSD in 19 early childhood centres received computer-assisted support (Phoneme Factory Sound Sorter [PFSS] - Australian version)...
March 29, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326896/investigating-the-effect-of-regional-native-accents-on-sentence-comprehension-in-children-with-language-impairment
#11
Pauline Frizelle, Jennifer Harte, Paul Fletcher, Fiona Gibbon
PURPOSE: Research has shown that accent variation can affect typically developing (TD) children's understanding of language, as well as that of children with speech difficulties, neuro-typical adults and those with aphasia and dementia. This study aims to investigate the effect of regional native accents on sentence comprehension in children with language impairment (LI), an area not previously explored. METHOD: Forty-three children with LI (mean age 6.04) and forty-five younger TD children (mean age 4...
March 22, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306394/measuring-discourse-coherence-in-anomic-aphasia-using-rhetorical-structure-theory
#12
Anthony Pak-Hin Kong, Anastasia Linnik, Sam-Po Law, Waisa Wai-Man Shum
PURPOSE: The existing body of work regarding discourse coherence in aphasia has provided mixed results, leaving the question of coherence being impaired or intact as a result of brain injury unanswered. In this study, discourse coherence in non-brain-damaged (NBD) speakers and speakers with anomic aphasia was investigated quantitatively and qualitatively. METHOD: Fifteen native speakers of Cantonese with anomic aphasia and 15 NBD participants produced 60 language samples...
March 17, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306339/working-memory-in-school-age-children-with-and-without-a-persistent-speech-sound-disorder
#13
Kelly Farquharson, Tiffany P Hogan, John E Bernthal
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to explore the role of working memory processes as a possible cognitive underpinning of persistent speech sound disorders (SSD). METHOD: Forty school-aged children were enrolled; 20 children with persistent SSD (P-SSD) and 20 typically developing children. Children participated in three working memory tasks - one to target each of the components in Baddeley's working memory model: phonological loop, visual spatial sketchpad and central executive...
March 17, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296521/speech-language-pathology-intervention-in-a-youth-justice-setting-benefits-perceived-by-staff-extend-beyond-communication
#14
Pamela C Snow, Kerryn Bagley, Donna White
PURPOSE: Young people in youth justice (YJ) settings face high-risk for unidentified language disorder, however, speech-language pathology (SLP) services are not routinely offered in such settings. The aim of this study was to explore and describe the perceptions and experiences of YJ staff in a custodial centre of the utility of having a speech-language pathologist working with young offenders. METHOD: Following a SLP intervention trial, two staff focus groups were conducted by an independent SLP...
March 15, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290729/evidence-for-the-treatment-of-co-occurring-stuttering-and-speech-sound-disorder-a-clinical-case-series
#15
Rachael Unicomb, Sally Hewat, Elizabeth Spencer, Elisabeth Harrison
PURPOSE: There is a paucity of evidence to guide treatment for children with co-occurring stuttering and speech sound disorder. Some guidelines suggest treating the two disorders simultaneously using indirect treatment approaches; however, the research supporting these recommendations is over 20 years old. In this clinical case series, we investigate whether these co-occurring disorders could be treated concurrently using direct treatment approaches supported by up-to-date, high-level evidence, and whether this could be done in an efficacious, safe and efficient manner...
March 14, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290724/can-a-teacher-reported-indicator-be-used-for-population-monitoring-of-oral-language-skills-at-school-entry
#16
Sarah Gray, Amanda Kvalsvig, Meredith O'Connor, Elodie O'Connor, Emily Incledon, Joanne Tarasuik, Sharon Goldfeld
PURPOSE: Monitoring oral language skills at the population level would provide valuable data to inform policy decisions to better support children's oral language skills in schools. The Australian Early Development Census (AEDC) is a teacher-rated population measure of early child development that includes a rating of children's oral communication in the classroom (OCC). METHOD: This study evaluates the validity of the OCC indicator for population monitoring of children's oral language skills, capitalising on data from two datasets: the 2012 AEDC cohort (n = 289 973) and a subsample of children from the Longitudinal Study of Australian Children for whom AEDC data were also collected (n = 720)...
March 14, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264593/culturally-and-linguistically-diverse-students-in-speech-language-pathology-courses-a-platform-for-culturally-responsive-services
#17
Stacie Attrill, Michelle Lincoln, Sue McAllister
PURPOSE: Increasing the proportion of culturally and linguistically diverse (CALD) students and providing intercultural learning opportunities for all students are two strategies identified to facilitate greater access to culturally responsive speech-language pathology services. To enact these strategies, more information is needed about student diversity. This study collected descriptive information about CALD speech-language pathology students in Australia. METHOD: Cultural and linguistic background information was collected through surveying 854 domestic and international speech-language pathology students from three Australian universities...
March 7, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264588/communication-partner-training-for-health-care-professionals-in-an-inpatient-rehabilitation-setting-a-parallel-randomised-trial
#18
Renee Heard, Robyn O'halloran, Kathryn Mckinley
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to determine if the E-Learning Plus communication partner training (CPT) programme is as effective as the Supported Conversation for Adults with Aphasia (SCA(TM)) CPT programme in improving healthcare professionals' confidence and knowledge communicating with patients with aphasia. METHOD: Forty-eight healthcare professionals working in inpatient rehabilitation participated. Participants were randomised to one of the CPT programmes...
March 7, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264584/clinicians-perspectives-of-therapeutic-alliance-in-face-to-face-and-telepractice-speech-language-pathology-sessions
#19
Anneka Freckmann, Monique Hines, Michelle Lincoln
PURPOSE: To investigate the face validity of a measure of therapeutic alliance for paediatric speech-language pathology and to determine whether a difference exists in therapeutic alliance reported by speech-language pathologists (SLPs) conducting face-to-face sessions, compared with telepractice SLPs or in their ratings of confidence with technology. METHOD: SLPs conducting telepractice (n = 14) or face-to-face therapy (n = 18) completed an online survey which included the Therapeutic Alliance Scales for Children - Revised (TASC-r) (Therapist Form) to rate clinicians' perceptions of rapport with up to three clients...
March 7, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425775/academic-outcomes-of-multilingual-children-in-australia
#20
Meredith O'Connor, Elodie O'Connor, Joanne Tarasuik, Sarah Gray, Amanda Kvalsvig, Sharon Goldfeld
PURPOSE: The Australian educational system is increasingly challenged to meet the needs of multilingual students, who comprise a fifth of the student population. Within the context of a monolingual English curriculum, multilingual children who enter school not yet English proficient may be at risk of experiencing inequitable educational outcomes. METHOD: We examined the relationship between the timing of multilingual children's acquisition of receptive English vocabulary skills and subsequent reading and numeracy outcomes, as well as factors associated with earlier versus later timing of acquisition...
February 24, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
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