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International Journal of Speech-language Pathology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28084854/combined-aphasia-and-apraxia-of-speech-treatment-caast-systematic-replications-in-the-development-of-a-novel-treatment
#1
Julie L Wambaugh, Sandra Wright, Shannon C Mauszycki, Christina Nessler, Dallin Bailey
PURPOSE: The purpose of this investigation was to examine the effects of a modified version of a newly developed therapy for aphasia and acquired apraxia of speech (AOS), Combined Aphasia and Apraxia of Speech Treatment (CAAST). METHOD: Four speakers with chronic AOS and aphasia received CAAST in the context of multiple baseline designs. Dependent variables included language measures (i.e. production of correct information units (CIUs)) and speech production measures (i...
January 13, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28084112/changes-in-semantic-fluency-across-childhood-normative-data-from-australian-english-speakers
#2
Sara Chami, Natalie Munro, Kimberley Docking, Karla McGregor, Joanne Arciuli, Elise Baker, Rob Heard
PURPOSE: Verbal fluency tests are often used as part of an assessment battery to investigate children's lexical knowledge as well as executive function skills. To date, however, issues surrounding consistency of measurement cloud comparisons across studies, with the developmental performance of Australian-English speaking children also currently lacking. This study tracked verbal fluency development as measured by two semantic fluency tasks that included coding of fluency, clustering and switching type responses...
January 13, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28084105/elizabeth-usher-memorial-lecture-rethinking-the-clinical-pathway-for-autism-spectrum-disorder-and-challenging-the-status-quo
#3
Andrew J O Whitehouse
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is typically diagnosed between 2 and 5 years of age, which is currently thought to be the earliest that the behavioural symptoms are able to be identified without ambiguity. A significant problem with this relatively "late" age of diagnosis is that by the time a child has been identified and diagnosed with ASD, many of the best opportunities for therapies to capitalise upon brain plasticity very early in development are not realised. This paper provides an overview of the benefits and drawbacks of the current clinical pathway that places primacy on a diagnostic assessment for triggering the commencement of therapy...
January 13, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28084100/intervention-research-appraising-study-designs-interpreting-findings-and-creating-research-in-clinical-practice
#4
Susan H Ebbels
Speech-language pathologists (SLPs) are increasingly required to read, interpret and create evidence regarding the effectiveness of interventions. This requires a good understanding of the strengths and weaknesses of different intervention study designs. This paper aims to take readers through a range of designs commonly used in speech-language pathology, working from those with the least to most experimental control, with a particular focus on how the more robust designs avoid some of the limitations of weaker designs...
January 13, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079400/dysphagia-therapy-post-stroke-an-exploration-of-the-practices-and-clinical-decision-making-of-speech-language-pathologists-in-australia
#5
Olivia Jones, Jade Cartwright, Anne Whitworth, Naomi Cocks
PURPOSE: A variety of dysphagia management options are available for the treatment of dysphagia following a stroke, however, it is unknown which of these approaches are most commonly utilised by Australian speech-language pathologists (SLPs) and whether particular factors influence decision-making. METHOD: The aim of this study was to investigate, through an online survey, the treatment practices of SLPs in Australia for the treatment of dysphagia post-stroke and identify the factors influencing treatment decisions...
January 12, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000516/speech-perception-in-children-with-cochlear-implants-for-continua-varying-in-formant-transition-duration
#6
Kathryn Guillot Blankenship, Ralph N Ohde, Jong Ho Won, Mark Hedrick
PURPOSE: To examine the developmental course of labial and alveolar manner of articulation contrasts, and to determine how that course may be different for typically developing (TD) children with cochlear implants (CI). METHOD: Eight young adults, eight TD 5-8 year-old children, and seven 5-8 year-old children with CIs participated. Labial /ba/-/wa/ and alveolar /da/-/ja/ continua stimuli were presented, with each continuum consisting of nine synthetic stimuli varying in F2 and F3 transition duration...
December 21, 2016: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27981861/a-comparison-of-two-rating-protocols-for-videofluoroscopic-swallowing-study-by-inexperienced-judges
#7
Man Kei Karen Chan, Pui Pui Joanna Cheng
PURPOSE: Videofluoroscopic swallowing study (VFSS) has been widely used in clinical settings and in research for evaluating swallowing functions. The interpretation of such studies requires subjective judgment by the raters, which may be affected by clinical experience and definitions of the rating parameters. Two methods have been proposed to improve the reliability: training and use of a coordinate mapping (CM) protocol. This study aimed at investigating the effect of training on improving the intra-and inter-rater reliabilities of VFSS analysis; and comparing the intra- and inter-rater reliabilities of a clinical evaluation (CE) protocol and a CM protocol for analysing VFSS...
December 16, 2016: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908200/development-of-an-internet-version-of-the-lidcombe-program-of-early-stuttering-intervention-a-trial-of-part-1
#8
Sabine Van Eerdenbrugh, Ann Packman, Mark Onslow, Sue O'brian, Ross Menzies
PURPOSE: There is evidence that access to treatment for early stuttering is not available for all who need it. An internet version of the Lidcombe Program for early stuttering (Internet-LP) has been developed to deal with this shortfall. The LP is suitable for such development because it is delivered by parents in the child's everyday environment, with training by a speech-language pathologist. A Phase I trial of Internet-LP Part 1, comprising parent training, is reported here. METHOD: Eight parents of pre-schoolers who stutter were recruited and six completed the trial...
December 2, 2016: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882773/the-acquisition-of-initial-consonant-clusters-in-german-speaking-2-year-olds
#9
Blanca Schaefer, Annette Fox-Boyer
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to explore cluster acquisition in typically developing German-speaking 2-year-olds. METHOD: Data from four cross-sectional studies (n = 145, aged 2;00-2;11) and one eight-month longitudinal study were analysed (n = 6, aged 2;01-2;04). Two different percentages of consonant clusters correct were calculated to allow a more detailed analysis. RESULT: Findings showed that the majority of children produced clusters, although they could not be considered to be fully acquired...
November 24, 2016: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27063686/reflective-processes-of-practitioners-in-head-and-neck-cancer-rehabilitation-a-grounded-theory-study
#10
Marie-Ève Caty, Elizabeth Anne Kinsella, Philip C Doyle
PURPOSE: This study systematically examined how experienced Speech-Language Pathologists (SLPs) use the processes of reflection to develop knowledge relevant for practice in the context of head and neck cancer (HNC) rehabilitation. METHOD: In-depth, semi-structured interviews were conducted with 12 SLPs working in HNC rehabilitation in North America. Grounded theory methodology was adopted for data collection and analysis. RESULT: The findings inform a preliminary reflective practice model that depicts the processes of reflection used by practitioners interviewed...
December 2016: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27778519/beyond-academic-performance-practice-implications-for-working-with-students-following-traumatic-brain-injury
#11
Margaret Mealings, Jacinta Douglas, John Olver
PURPOSE: Speech-language pathologists (SLPs) have a key role in supporting educational participation for secondary and tertiary students with traumatic brain injury (TBI). This article aims to (i) explore issues identified by students with TBI that affect educational participation beyond their academic performance, (ii) offer a framework based on research evidence to guide the practice of SLPs and (iii) explore strategies that may expand the traditional roles of SLPs to support students beyond academic performance...
October 25, 2016: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27762632/the-role-of-speech-language-pathologists-in-adult-palliative-care
#12
Laura Chahda, Bernice A Mathisen, Lindsay B Carey
PURPOSE: Given minimal studies describing the role and practice of speech-language pathologists (SLPs) in adult palliative care, the aim of this review was to compile a database of research literature, examine the potential research gaps and to consider material that specifically discussed the need for and/or use of procedures and protocols for SLPs working in palliative care that would support the development of SLP palliative care guidelines. METHOD: A scoping review was conducted utilising Arksey and O'Malley's framework with the goal of exploring any key concepts and approaches utilised by SLPs in adult palliative care, plus any literature and/or recommendations regarding SLP practice in adult palliative care settings...
October 20, 2016: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27712125/the-impact-of-childhood-language-difficulties-on-healthcare-costs-from-4-to-13-years-australian-longitudinal-study
#13
Paula Cronin, Rebecca Reeve, Patricia Mccabe, Rosalie Viney, Stephen Goodall
PURPOSE: This study investigated the relationship between children's language difficulties and health care costs using the 2004-2012 Longitudinal Study of Australian Children (LSAC). METHOD: Language difficulties were defined as scores ≤1.25SD below the standardised mean on measures of directly assessed receptive vocabulary (4-9 years) and teacher-reported language and literacy (10-13 years). Participant data were individually linked to administrative data, which were sourced from Australia's universal subsidised healthcare scheme (Medicare)...
October 7, 2016: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27712123/intervening-to-address-communication-difficulties-in-incarcerated-youth-a-phase-1-clinical-trial
#14
Pamela C Snow, Mary N Woodward
PURPOSE: Although a number of studies have described high rates of wide-ranging language difficulties in youth offender samples, minimal intervention research has been conducted with this population. The aim of this study was to implement a small-scale speech-language pathology (SLP) intervention study in a secure youth justice facility and to identify key practical challenges associated with conducting SLP interventions in youth custodial settings. METHOD: Six young males were recruited and underwent assessment via a range of standardised and self-report communication measures...
October 7, 2016: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27705032/intonation-patterns-in-older-children-with-cerebral-palsy-before-and-after-speech-intervention
#15
Anja Kuschmann, Nick Miller, Anja Lowit, Lindsay Pennington
PURPOSE: This paper examined the production of intonation patterns in children with developmental dysarthria associated with cerebral palsy (CP) prior to and after speech intervention focussing on respiration and phonation. The study further sought to establish whether intonation performance might be related to changes in speech intelligibility. METHOD: Intonation patterns were examined using connected speech samples of 15 older children with moderate to severe developmental dysarthria due to CP (9 females; age range: 11-18)...
October 5, 2016: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27705010/therapeutic-effects-of-intensive-voice-treatment-lsvt-loud-for-children-with-spastic-cerebral-palsy-and-dysarthria-a-phase-i-treatment-validation-study
#16
Carol A Boliek, Cynthia M Fox
PURPOSE: The aim of the present study was to validate and extend the evaluation of treatment outcomes following LSVT LOUD® in children with dysarthria secondary to cerebral palsy (CP). METHOD: Seven children (5 females, 6-10 years) with spastic quadriplegia and dysarthria received LSVT LOUD. Outcomes included: (a) quantitative and qualitative indices of communication and social functioning representing therapeutic effects and (b) features of the acoustic signal representing physiological effects on the speech mechanism...
October 5, 2016: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27705008/a-systematic-review-of-resonant-voice-therapy
#17
Edwin M-L Yiu, Marco C M Lo, Elizabeth A Barrett
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to systematically review the literature on resonant voice therapy and to evaluate the level of evidence on the effectiveness of using resonant voice therapy in treating dysphonia. METHOD: Refereed journal papers from 1974 to 2014 were retrieved and reviewed by two independent reviewers using the keywords "Humming, Resonance, Resonant Voice, Semi-occluded or closed tube phonation" using available database systems. Quality of evidence was evaluated by using the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation (GRADE)...
October 5, 2016: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27701907/speech-and-nonspeech-what-are-we-talking-about
#18
Edwin Maas
Understanding of the behavioural, cognitive and neural underpinnings of speech production is of interest theoretically, and is important for understanding disorders of speech production and how to assess and treat such disorders in the clinic. This paper addresses two claims about the neuromotor control of speech production: (1) speech is subserved by a distinct, specialised motor control system and (2) speech is holistic and cannot be decomposed into smaller primitives. Both claims have gained traction in recent literature, and are central to a task-dependent model of speech motor control...
October 5, 2016: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27701903/responses-made-by-late-talkers-and-typically-developing-toddlers-during-speech-assessments
#19
Rosemary Hodges, Elise Baker, Natalie Munro, Karla K Mcgregor
PURPOSE: Assessing toddlers' speech is challenging. We explored responses made by late talkers and their typically developing peers in structured speech sampling contexts and determined if late talker subgroups could be identified. METHOD: Twenty-six late talkers and 26 age-matched typically developing toddlers participated in an expressive phonology assessment and an elicited non-word imitation test. We quantified the breadth of toddler responses used in a subset of monosyllabic stimuli from the toddler phonology assessment and in the non-word imitation test...
October 5, 2016: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27701895/speech-language-pathology-research-in-the-philippines-in-retrospect-perspectives-from-a-developing-country
#20
Ivan Paul Bondoc, Viannery Mabag, Clarisse Anne Dacanay, Natasha Daryle Macapagal
PURPOSE: There is a need for speech-language pathology (SLP) research in the Philippines, in order to fill in knowledge gaps relevant to the local context. Information about the local SLP research status remains inadequate. This study describes local SLP research done over the almost past four decades. METHOD: Using a descriptive retrospective design, a search was made for all empirical research articles completed by Filipino SLPs from 1978 to 2015. RESULT: A total of 250 research articles were identified and described along several parameters...
October 5, 2016: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
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