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International Journal of Speech-language Pathology

Laura Chahda, Bernice A Mathisen, Lindsay B Carey
PURPOSE: Given minimal studies describing the role and practice of speech-language pathologists (SLPs) in adult palliative care, the aim of this review was to compile a database of research literature, examine the potential research gaps and to consider material that specifically discussed the need for and/or use of procedures and protocols for SLPs working in palliative care that would support the development of SLP palliative care guidelines. METHOD: A scoping review was conducted utilising Arksey and O'Malley's framework with the goal of exploring any key concepts and approaches utilised by SLPs in adult palliative care, plus any literature and/or recommendations regarding SLP practice in adult palliative care settings...
October 20, 2016: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Paula Cronin, Rebecca Reeve, Patricia Mccabe, Rosalie Viney, Stephen Goodall
PURPOSE: This study investigated the relationship between children's language difficulties and health care costs using the 2004-2012 Longitudinal Study of Australian Children (LSAC). METHOD: Language difficulties were defined as scores ≤1.25SD below the standardised mean on measures of directly assessed receptive vocabulary (4-9 years) and teacher-reported language and literacy (10-13 years). Participant data were individually linked to administrative data, which were sourced from Australia's universal subsidised healthcare scheme (Medicare)...
October 7, 2016: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Pamela C Snow, Mary N Woodward
PURPOSE: Although a number of studies have described high rates of wide-ranging language difficulties in youth offender samples, minimal intervention research has been conducted with this population. The aim of this study was to implement a small-scale speech-language pathology (SLP) intervention study in a secure youth justice facility and to identify key practical challenges associated with conducting SLP interventions in youth custodial settings. METHOD: Six young males were recruited and underwent assessment via a range of standardised and self-report communication measures...
October 7, 2016: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Anja Kuschmann, Nick Miller, Anja Lowit, Lindsay Pennington
PURPOSE: This paper examined the production of intonation patterns in children with developmental dysarthria associated with cerebral palsy (CP) prior to and after speech intervention focussing on respiration and phonation. The study further sought to establish whether intonation performance might be related to changes in speech intelligibility. METHOD: Intonation patterns were examined using connected speech samples of 15 older children with moderate to severe developmental dysarthria due to CP (9 females; age range: 11-18)...
October 5, 2016: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Carol A Boliek, Cynthia M Fox
PURPOSE: The aim of the present study was to validate and extend the evaluation of treatment outcomes following LSVT LOUD® in children with dysarthria secondary to cerebral palsy (CP). METHOD: Seven children (5 females, 6-10 years) with spastic quadriplegia and dysarthria received LSVT LOUD. Outcomes included: (a) quantitative and qualitative indices of communication and social functioning representing therapeutic effects and (b) features of the acoustic signal representing physiological effects on the speech mechanism...
October 5, 2016: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Edwin M-L Yiu, Marco C M Lo, Elizabeth A Barrett
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to systematically review the literature on resonant voice therapy and to evaluate the level of evidence on the effectiveness of using resonant voice therapy in treating dysphonia. METHOD: Refereed journal papers from 1974 to 2014 were retrieved and reviewed by two independent reviewers using the keywords "Humming, Resonance, Resonant Voice, Semi-occluded or closed tube phonation" using available database systems. Quality of evidence was evaluated by using the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation (GRADE)...
October 5, 2016: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Edwin Maas
Understanding of the behavioural, cognitive and neural underpinnings of speech production is of interest theoretically, and is important for understanding disorders of speech production and how to assess and treat such disorders in the clinic. This paper addresses two claims about the neuromotor control of speech production: (1) speech is subserved by a distinct, specialised motor control system and (2) speech is holistic and cannot be decomposed into smaller primitives. Both claims have gained traction in recent literature, and are central to a task-dependent model of speech motor control...
October 5, 2016: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Rosemary Hodges, Elise Baker, Natalie Munro, Karla K Mcgregor
PURPOSE: Assessing toddlers' speech is challenging. We explored responses made by late talkers and their typically developing peers in structured speech sampling contexts and determined if late talker subgroups could be identified. METHOD: Twenty-six late talkers and 26 age-matched typically developing toddlers participated in an expressive phonology assessment and an elicited non-word imitation test. We quantified the breadth of toddler responses used in a subset of monosyllabic stimuli from the toddler phonology assessment and in the non-word imitation test...
October 5, 2016: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Ivan Paul Bondoc, Viannery Mabag, Clarisse Anne Dacanay, Natasha Daryle Macapagal
PURPOSE: There is a need for speech-language pathology (SLP) research in the Philippines, in order to fill in knowledge gaps relevant to the local context. Information about the local SLP research status remains inadequate. This study describes local SLP research done over the almost past four decades. METHOD: Using a descriptive retrospective design, a search was made for all empirical research articles completed by Filipino SLPs from 1978 to 2015. RESULT: A total of 250 research articles were identified and described along several parameters...
October 5, 2016: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Christina Samuelsson, Lars-Christer HydéN
PURPOSE: The aim of the present study was to identify problems with communication with persons with aphasia and persons with dementia in a collaborative interview setting with their significant others. In particular, to compare interactional practices used in order to resolve problems caused by specific symptoms. METHOD: Five persons with aphasia and five persons with dementia and their spouses participated in the study. Interviews were carried out couple by couple, and the interviews had a task-oriented character...
October 4, 2016: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Ellen Van Den Heuvel, Christina ReuterskiöLd, Cynthia Solot, Eric Manders, Ann Swillen, Inge Zink
PURPOSE: This study describes the performance on a perspective- and role-taking task in 27 children, ages 6-13 years, with 22q11.2 deletion syndrome (22q11.2DS). A cross-cultural design comparing Dutch- and English-speaking children with 22q11.2DS explored the possibility of cultural differences. METHOD: Chronologically age-matched and younger typically developing (TD) children matched for receptive vocabulary served as control groups to identify challenges in referential communication...
October 3, 2016: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Thuy T Frakking, Anne B Chang, Kerry-Ann F O'Grady, Michael David, Kelly A Weir
PURPOSE: Limited data exist that support the reproducibility of cervical auscultation (CA) use in children. This study aimed to determine the reliability of CA in detecting oropharyngeal aspiration (OPA) in children within a controlled environment. METHOD: This observational study included eight speech-language pathologists who rated clips of 40 normal and 40 OPA swallowing sounds on two separate occasions (i.e.160 sound clips rated by each speech-language pathologist) to comprise a total of 1280 swallow clips rated...
September 29, 2016: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Maria Schwarz, Anne Coccetti, Elizabeth Cardell, Allison Murdoch, Jennifer Davis
PURPOSE: There is a paucity of evidence regarding dysphagia management post-thrombolysis. The aim of this case-control study was to evaluate the impact of a dysphagia management protocol on patient outcomes. Thrombolysis has been completed at our metropolitan hospital since 2011 and a dysphagia management protocol was developed in 2012. METHOD: Chart auditing was completed for 83 participants in three groups: pre-protocol (n = 12) (2011), post-protocol (n = 28) (2012-2014), and non-thrombolysed stroke patients (n = 43)...
September 29, 2016: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Marziye Eshghi, John S Preisser, Mahmood Bijankhan, David J Zajac
PURPOSE: The main objective was to examine temporal parameters of stop-plosives in Persian-speaking children with repaired cleft lip and palate (CLP). METHOD: Eleven children with repaired bilateral CLP and 20 typically-developing children participated in the study. Stop-gap duration (SGD) and voice-onset time (VOT) were measured based on digital waveform and spectrographic displays. RESULT: Separate linear mixed model analyses showed significantly longer SGDs for children with CLP for all plosives in word-mid and final positions...
September 26, 2016: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Maria Lennox, Marleen F Westerveld, David Trembath
PURPOSE: This study examined the effectiveness of a classroom-based intervention programme aimed at improving the oral language and emergent literacy skills of students from low socio-economic, culturally diverse backgrounds within their first formal year of schooling ("prep"). METHOD: Data from 137 students were available for analysis. Participants were from three primary schools located in Queensland, Australia. Eight classes were allocated to intervention and two classes acted as a business as usual control...
September 19, 2016: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Rena Lyons, Sue Roulstone
PURPOSE: There has been debate about labels in relation to speech and language impairments. However, children's views are missing from this debate, which is risky considering that labels with negative associations may result in stigma. The aim of this study was to explore the range of identities which children with primary speech and language impairments presented in their narratives and to investigate their evaluations of these identities with a view to understanding the values they attach to labels...
September 15, 2016: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Helen L Blake, Sharynne Mcleod, Sarah Verdon, Gail Fuller
PURPOSE: Proficiency in the language of the country of residence has implications for an individual's level of education, employability, income and social integration. This paper explores the relationship between the spoken English proficiency of residents of Australia on census day and their educational level, employment and income to provide insight into multilingual speakers' ability to participate in Australia as an English-dominant society. METHOD: Data presented are derived from two Australian censuses i...
September 14, 2016: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Carly Meyer, Deborah Theodoros, Louise Hickson
PURPOSE: To explore speech pathology services for people with Down syndrome across the lifespan. METHOD: Speech-language pathologists (SLPs) working in Australia were invited to complete an online survey, which enquired about the speech pathology services they had provided to client/s with Down syndrome in the past 12 months. The data were analysed using descriptive statistics. RESULT: A total of 390 SLPs completed the survey; 62% reported seeing a client with Down syndrome in the past 12 months...
September 6, 2016: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Blanca Schaefer, Joy Stackhouse, Bill Wells
PURPOSE: There is strong empirical evidence that English-speaking children with spoken language difficulties (SLD) often have phonological awareness (PA) deficits. The aim of this study was to explore longitudinally if this is also true of pre-school children speaking German, a language that makes extensive use of derivational morphemes which may impact on the acquisition of different PA levels. METHOD: Thirty 4-year-old children with SLD were assessed on 11 PA subtests at three points over a 12-month period and compared with 97 four-year-old typically developing (TD) children...
September 6, 2016: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Emma Forsgren, Lena Hartelius, Charlotta Saldert
PURPOSE: To explore the effects of an interactive workshop on medical students' knowledge and skill in communicating with people with acquired communication disorders. METHOD: Sixty-nine medical students received a lecture on acquired communication disorders. Thirty-six of these students also participated in a workshop where they practised using supportive strategies in interaction with a simulated patient with aphasia. All students completed a questionnaire exploring attitudes, confidence in knowledge and ability to suggest suitable supportive strategies pre- and post-lecture/workshop and 15 students were video recorded when interacting with a simulated patient pre- and post-workshop...
August 31, 2016: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
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