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International Journal of Speech-language Pathology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143564/advancing-the-human-rights-of-children-with-communication-needs-in-school
#1
Aoife L Gallagher, Haley Tancredi, Linda J Graham
Article 19 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights states that everyone has the right to freedom of opinion and expression. However, due to difficulties in communicating, children with speech, language and communication needs (SLCN) are at particular risk of not being heard. Although it is recommended that children with SLCN can and should be actively involved as equal partners in decision-making about their communication needs, speech-language pathologists (SLPs) can lose sight of the importance of supporting communication as a tool for the child to shape and influence choices available to them in their lives...
November 16, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143561/beyond-lip-service-towards-human-rights-driven-our-speech-language-pathology-guidelines-for-south-african-speech-language-pathologists
#2
Michelle Pascoe, Daleen Klop, Thandeka Mdlalo, Mikateko Ndhambi
Developed with a strong awareness of past injustices, South Africa's progressive constitution emphasises a full spectrum of human rights. While the constitution celebrates many languages and cultures, speech-language pathologists (SLPs) face challenges in translating these values into practice with a diverse clientele. Similarly, Article 19 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights focuses on freedom of expression in one's language of choice, but is often perceived as a "Cinderella" right (i.e. one that is frequently neglected)...
November 16, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143547/from-individual-to-global-human-rights-and-aphasia
#3
Deborah Hersh
This commentary marks the 70th anniversary of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights by examining Article 19 and its application to people with aphasia. This group of people still face lack of access, stigmatisation, exclusion, disadvantage and social withdrawal as well as poor public awareness of aphasia and inadequate prioritisation of support and resources. Nevertheless, a range of creative initiatives at individual, healthcare, local community, national and global levels have helped to connect and empower people with aphasia...
November 16, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124960/fostering-human-rights-through-talkbank
#4
Brian MacWhinney, Davida Fromm, Yvan Rose, Nan Bernstein Ratner
In accord with articles 19 and 27 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, people with speech and language disorders have the right to receive maximal benefit from academic research on speech and language acquisition and disorders. To evaluate the diverse nature of speech and language disorders, this research must have access to large datasets, as well as to refined tools for the systematic analysis of these datasets. The TalkBank system addresses this need by providing researchers with thousands of hours of open-access database archives of digital audio, video and transcript files documenting typical and disordered language use in dozens of languages and cultures...
November 10, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124959/speech-therapy-in-adolescents-with-down-syndrome-in-pursuit-of-communication-as-a-fundamental-human-right
#5
Susan Rvachew, Marla Folden
PURPOSE: The achievement of speech intelligibility by persons with Down syndrome facilitates their participation in society. Denial of speech therapy services by virtue of low cognitive skills is a violation of their fundamental human rights as proclaimed in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights in general and in Article 19 in particular. Here, we describe the differential response of an adolescent with Down syndrome to three speech therapy interventions and demonstrate the use of a single subject randomisation design to identify effective treatments for children with complex communication disorders...
November 10, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124953/bilingualism-a-human-right-in-times-of-anxiety-lessons-from-california
#6
Gabriela Simon-Cereijido
Article 19 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights refers to the individual's right of expression without interference, "through any media and regardless of frontiers". Currently, in some nations across the world, there is decreasing interest in cross-cultural interactions and a new interest in nationalism and assimilation, in communication within frontiers and in a specific medium: the national language. Speech-language pathologists (SLPs) advocate for individuals with communication disorders that interfere with their comprehension and expression...
November 10, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124945/protecting-the-human-right-to-freedom-of-expression-in-international-law
#7
Emily Howie
Since its inclusion in Article 19 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the right to freedom of opinion and expression has been protected in all of the relevant international human rights treaties. In international law, freedom to express opinions and ideas is considered essential at both an individual level, insofar as it contributes to the full development of a person, and being a foundation stone of democratic society. Free speech is a necessary precondition to the enjoyment of other rights, such as the right to vote, free assembly and freedom of association, and is essential to ensure press freedom...
November 10, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124944/human-rights-of-refugee-survivors-of-sexual-and-gender-based-violence-with-communication-disability
#8
Julie Marshall, Helen Barrett
Article 19 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (United Nations, 1948 ) states that all people have the right to seek, receive and impart information using any means. Ensuring that people with communication disability achieve this right is inherently challenging. For people with communication disability, who are refugee-survivors of sexual and gender-based violence (SGBV), additional human rights are challenged, including the right to education, protection from discrimination, a safe place to live, security of person and legal protection...
November 10, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090601/expiratory-muscle-strength-training-improves-swallowing-and-respiratory-outcomes-in-people-with-dysphagia-a-systematic-review
#9
Marinda Brooks, Emma McLaughlin, Nora Shields
PURPOSE: To investigate the effects of expiratory muscle strength training on communication and swallowing outcomes in adults with acquired motor based communication and/or swallowing difficulties of any aetiology. METHOD: A systematic review was conducted. Six databases (CINAHL, MEDLINE, EMBASE, SPEECHBYTE, AMED and PUBMED) were searched from inception until end of May 2016. Randomised and non-randomised controlled studies and pre-test/post-test studies published in English that investigated the effects of expiratory muscle strength training were included...
November 1, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046069/assuring-children-s-human-right-to-freedom-of-opinion-and-expression-in-education
#10
Jenna Gillett-Swan, Jonathon Sargeant
The Universal Declaration of Human Rights elaborated for children through the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child, mandates each child's right to participate in all matters affecting them. In particular, Article 19 includes the child's right to freedom of expression and opinion, access to information and communication choice. However, many barriers placed on children's daily lives often restrict or limit the enactment of children's participatory rights in practice, most noticeably in education...
October 19, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043855/predictors-of-receptive-and-expressive-vocabulary-development-in-children-with-down-syndrome
#11
Stijn R J M Deckers, Yvonne Van Zaalen, Hans Van Balkom, Ludo Verhoeven
PURPOSE: There is a lack of longitudinal data on predictors of vocabulary development in children with Down syndrome (DS). In typically developing children, many internal and external predictors of vocabulary development have been determined before. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the role of these variables in the receptive and expressive vocabulary development of children with DS. METHOD: The present study used a longitudinal design in young children with DS to study the vocabulary development over a period of 1...
October 18, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28952361/implementation-of-an-extended-scope-of-practice-speech-language-pathology-allied-health-practitioner-service-an-evaluation-of-service-impacts-and-outcomes
#12
Marnie Seabrook, Maria Schwarz, Elizabeth C Ward, Bernard Whitfield
PURPOSE: Extended scope of practice roles can address health service challenges and enhance patient services; however there has been limited research of extended scope roles in the discipline of speech-language pathology (SLP). The aim of this study was to examine the clinical outcomes and service impacts of a Speech-Language Pathology Allied Health Practitioner (SLP AHP) led dysphagia and dysphonia service within an Integrated Specialist Ear Nose and Throat (ENT) Service. METHOD: Low risk referrals were triaged by ENT from the waiting list into the SLP AHP dysphagia and dysphonia clinic...
September 27, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28949263/reference-values-of-maximum-performance-tests-of-speech-production
#13
Simone Knuijt, Johanna Kalf, Baziel Van Engelen, Alexander Geurts, Bert de Swart
PURPOSE: Maximum performance tests examine upper limits of speech motor performance, as used by speech-language pathologists in dysarthria assessment protocols. The Radboud Dysarthria Assessment includes maximum repetition rate, maximum phonation time, fundamental frequency range and maximum phonation volume to assist in detecting pathological performance. This study aims to obtain reference values for each of these tests. METHOD: A group of 224 healthy Dutch adults aged 18-80 years performed the maximum performance tests...
September 26, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937305/core-vocabulary-in-the-narratives-of-bilingual-children-with-and-without-language-impairment
#14
Prarthana Shivabasappa, Elizabeth D Peña, Lisa M Bedore
PURPOSE: Children with primary language impairment (PLI) demonstrate deficits in morphosyntax and vocabulary. We studied how these deficits may manifest in the core vocabulary use of bilingual children with PLI. METHOD: Thirty bilingual children with and without PLI who were matched pairwise (experimental group) narrated two Spanish and two English stories in kindergarten and first grade. Core vocabulary was derived from the 30 most frequently used words in the stories of 65 and 37 typically developing (TD) first graders (normative group) for Spanish and English, respectively...
September 22, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925287/assessing-and-developing-the-written-reflective-practice-skills-of-speech-language-pathology-students
#15
Kate Cook, Gina Tillard, Christine Wyles, Daniel Gerhard, Tika Ormond, Megan McAuliffe
PURPOSE: Written reflective practice aims to support critical thinking and problem solving skills in speech-language pathology (SLP) clinical education programmes. Yet, there has been limited investigation of students' development of written reflective practice skills over time and during a real-time clinical experience. The purpose of this study was to investigate students' development of breadth and depth of written reflective practice across a six-week clinical experience. METHOD: Participants were 59 undergraduate and 14 postgraduate SLP students...
September 19, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925286/vocal-function-exercises-for-normal-voice-the-effects-of-varying-dosage
#16
Maria Bane, Vrushali Angadi, Emily Dressler, Richard Andreatta, Joseph Stemple
PURPOSE: This study examined the effect of varying dosage of vocal function exercise (VFE) home practice on attainment of pre-established maximum phonation time (MPT) goals in individuals with normal voice. High dosage VFE practice was expected to result in greatest MPT. The overarching goal of this study was to contribute to a VFE dosage-response curve, potentially including a point of observable toxicity. METHOD: Twenty-eight females ages 18-25 with normal voice participated in this pre-post longitudinal group study...
September 19, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868932/the-development-and-feasibility-of-an-online-aphasia-group-intervention-and-networking-program-telegain
#17
Rachelle Pitt, Deborah Theodoros, Anne J Hill, Trevor Russell
PURPOSE: Aphasia group therapy offers many benefits, however people with aphasia report difficulty accessing groups and speech-language pathologists are faced with many challenges in providing aphasia group therapy. Telerehabilitation may offer an alternative service delivery option. An online aphasia group therapy program - Telerehabilitation Group Aphasia Intervention and Networking (TeleGAIN) - has been developed according to the guidelines of the Medical Research Council (MRC) framework for complex interventions...
September 4, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882773/the-acquisition-of-initial-consonant-clusters-in-german-speaking-2-year-olds
#18
Blanca Schaefer, Annette Fox-Boyer
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to explore cluster acquisition in typically developing German-speaking 2-year-olds. METHOD: Data from four cross-sectional studies (n = 145, aged 2;00-2;11) and one eight-month longitudinal study were analysed (n = 6, aged 2;01-2;04). Two different percentages of consonant clusters correct were calculated to allow a more detailed analysis. RESULT: Findings showed that the majority of children produced clusters, although they could not be considered to be fully acquired...
October 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27778519/beyond-academic-performance-practice-implications-for-working-with-students-following-traumatic-brain-injury
#19
Margaret Mealings, Jacinta Douglas, John Olver
PURPOSE: Speech-language pathologists (SLPs) have a key role in supporting educational participation for secondary and tertiary students with traumatic brain injury (TBI). This article aims to (i) explore issues identified by students with TBI that affect educational participation beyond their academic performance, (ii) offer a framework based on research evidence to guide the practice of SLPs and (iii) explore strategies that may expand the traditional roles of SLPs to support students beyond academic performance...
October 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27696901/collaboration-trouble-and-repair-in-multiparty-interactions-involving-couples-with-dementia-or-aphasia
#20
Christina Samuelsson, Lars-Christer HydéN
PURPOSE: The aim of the present study was to identify problems with communication with persons with aphasia and persons with dementia in a collaborative interview setting with their significant others. In particular, to compare interactional practices used in order to resolve problems caused by specific symptoms. METHOD: Five persons with aphasia and five persons with dementia and their spouses participated in the study. Interviews were carried out couple by couple, and the interviews had a task-oriented character...
October 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
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