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International Journal of Speech-language Pathology

Jun Wang, Prasanna V Kothalkar, Myungjong Kim, Andrea Bandini, Beiming Cao, Yana Yunusova, Thomas F Campbell, Daragh Heitzman, Jordan R Green
PURPOSE: This research aimed to automatically predict intelligible speaking rate for individuals with Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) based on speech acoustic and articulatory samples. METHOD: Twelve participants with ALS and two normal subjects produced a total of 1831 phrases. NDI Wave system was used to collect tongue and lip movement and acoustic data synchronously. A machine learning algorithm (i.e. support vector machine) was used to predict intelligible speaking rate (speech intelligibility × speaking rate) from acoustic and articulatory features of the recorded samples...
November 8, 2018: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Marilyn Langevin, Phyllis Schneider, Ann Packman, Mark Onslow
PURPOSE: Play is critically important for the healthy development of children. This study explored the viability of a methodology to investigate how preschoolers who stutter use language in play with peers. METHOD: Transcripts of peer-directed utterances of four preschoolers who stutter and four matched non-stuttering children during free play were analysed for measures of verbal output (numbers of utterances and words), length and complexity of utterances (mean length of communication unit and syntactic complexity), and lexical diversity (number of different words, type token ratio and vocd)...
October 22, 2018: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Sarah El-Wahsh, Robert Heard, Hans Bogaardt
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to develop and validate the Speech pathology-specific questionnaire for persons with Multiple Sclerosis (SMS). METHOD: Forty-one items were generated through a literature review. Items were submitted to a preliminary psychometric validation process consisting of principal component analysis, internal consistency, test-retest reliability, and floor and ceiling effects using data from 164 participants. Criterion validity was assessed by comparing the SMS with the 12-item Short Form Health Survey (SF-12)...
October 22, 2018: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Caroline A Niziolek, Swathi Kiran
PURPOSE: Disorders of speech production may be accompanied by abnormal processing of speech sensory feedback. Here, we introduce a semi-automated analysis designed to assess the degree to which speakers use natural online feedback to decrease acoustic variability in spoken words. Because production deficits in aphasia have been hypothesised to stem from problems with sensorimotor integration, we investigated whether persons with aphasia (PWA) can correct their speech acoustics online...
October 22, 2018: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Megan J McAuliffe, Philip J Schluter, Hamish A Jamieson
PURPOSE: Research on the prevalence of communication disability among community living older adults is scant, and often suffers from limitations. Using a national database, this study presents an epidemiological profile of communication disability in older community residents within New Zealand and examines whether ethnic populations are disproportionately represented. METHOD: Since 2012, all New Zealand community care recipients have undergone a standardised needs assessment, which includes questions directed at expressive and receptive language abilities...
October 15, 2018: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Asti Hill, Rachael Blevins, Chris Code
BACKGROUND: Surveys of awareness of aphasia have been conducted worldwide. There has been no survey of change in awareness in one place over time. A survey in Exeter, UK in 2001 found awareness of aphasia was strikingly low. The aim of this study was to conduct a repeat survey using the same methods in the same city 16 years later to examine changes in awareness and knowledge. METHOD: We surveyed 167 shoppers in Exeter examining awareness and knowledge of aphasia...
October 11, 2018: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Beena Ahmed, Penelope Monroe, Adam Hair, Chek Tien Tan, Ricardo Gutierrez-Osuna, Kirrie J Ballard
PURPOSE: To assist in remote treatment, speech-language pathologists (SLPs) rely on mobile games, which though entertaining, lack feedback mechanisms. Games integrated with automatic speech recognition (ASR) offer a solution where speech productions control gameplay. We therefore performed a feasibility study to assess children's and SLPs' experiences towards speech-controlled games, game feature preferences and ASR accuracy. METHOD: Ten children with childhood apraxia of speech (CAS), six typically developing (TD) children and seven SLPs trialled five games and answered questionnaires...
October 9, 2018: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Megan E Cuellar, Jennine Harvey
PURPOSE: To determine the relationship between air pulse vs. touch laryngeal adductor reflex (LAR) tests and the clinical sensory findings of fiberoptic endoscopic evaluations of swallowing. METHOD: A retrospective review was conducted for 43 patients with dysphagia due to stroke that underwent fiberoptic endoscopic evaluation of swallowing with sensory testing (FEESST). Each patient received LAR testing using air pulse or touch methodologies. Clinically, responsiveness to pharyngeal residue and responsiveness to penetration or aspiration were analysed...
October 9, 2018: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Naomi Li'el, Cori Williams, Robert Kane
PURPOSE: To investigate an assessment approach that incorporates a parent questionnaire (ALDeQ) and two language processing tasks (nonword repetition [NWR] and recalling sentences [RS]) administered in English to differentiate bilingual children with Developmental Language Disorder (DLD) from typically developing (TD) bilingual children. METHOD: Participants were 42 typically developing bilingual children (biTD) and 19 bilingual children with DLD (biDLD). Groups were matched for age (M = 5;10) socioeconomic status (M = 1,023 SEIFA) and length of exposure to English (M = 33...
September 25, 2018: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Panying Rong, Yana Yunusova, Brian Richburg, Jordan R Green
PURPOSE: With the long-term goal to develop a clinically feasible tool for assessing articulatory involvement in ALS, we designed an algorithmic approach to automatically extract lip movement features during an alternating motion rate (AMR) task and assessed their efficacy for detecting and monitoring articulatory involvement in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). METHOD: Twenty three spatial, temporal, and spatiotemporal AMR features were extracted from 161 samples of lip movements (139 from participants with ALS; 22 from neurologically-intact participants)...
September 25, 2018: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Youngmee Lee
PURPOSE: The Intelligibility in Context Scale (ICS) is a parent-reported screening tool focussed on parents' perception of their child's speech intelligibility. The purposes of this study were to evaluate the psychometric properties of the Korean version of the ICS (ICS-K) and to investigate whether the ICS-K is a useful tool for distinguishing between Korean-speaking children with typical development (TD) and those with speech sound disorder (SSD). METHOD: A total of 178 Korean-speaking pre-school children (145 children with TD and 33 children with SSD) participated in this study...
September 23, 2018: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Xu-Jun Hu, Fang-Fang Li, Chi-Chuen Lau
PURPOSE: For Indo-European languages, "speech banana" is widely used to verify the benefits of hearing aids and cochlear implants. As a standardised "Mandarin speech banana" is not available, clinicians in China typically use a non-Mandarin speech banana. However, as Chinese is logographic and tonal, using a non-Mandarin speech banana is inappropriate. This paper was designed to develop the Mandarin speech banana according to the Mandarin phonetic properties. METHOD: In the first experiment, 14 participants read aloud the standard Mandarin initials and finals...
September 19, 2018: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Rachelle Pitt, Deborah Theodoros, Anne J Hill, Trevor Russell
PURPOSE: Aphasia group therapy can result in improvements in communication, participation and quality of life (QOL). However, evidence for aphasia group interventions with combined aims across the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) is limited. TeleGAIN is a holistic aphasia group intervention that can be delivered via telepractice. This study builds on prior pilot work and addresses the need for additional research into the effectiveness of TeleGAIN...
September 10, 2018: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Nitya Raman, Roopa Nagarajan, Lakshmi Venkatesh, D Saleth Monica, Vidya Ramkumar, Mark Krumm
PURPOSE: This study explored the feasibility of conducting school-based language screening using telepractice to expand its scope for providing speech-language pathology services in India. METHOD: Thirty-two primary school children underwent language screenings through in-person and telemethods. Screening through telemethod was conducted by a Speech-Language Pathologist (SLP) using digitised picture stimuli presented through videoconferencing and remote computing with assistance of a facilitator at school site...
September 2, 2018: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Lauren Parsons, Reinie Cordier, Natalie Munro, Annette Joosten
PURPOSE: This study trialled a play-based, peer-to-peer intervention with children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) to identify suitable instruments for measuring changes in pragmatic language following the intervention, and evaluate preliminary effectiveness. It also aimed to investigate the appropriateness of the intervention for participants. METHOD: Ten children with ASD, their typically developing peers, and parents participated. The Pragmatics Observational Measure (POM), Social Emotional Evaluation (SEE) and Profiling Elements of Prosody in Speech Communication (PEPS-C) measured the participant's social communication skills before, after, and 2-months following the intervention...
September 2, 2018: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
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No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2018: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Diana Wai-Lam Ho, Anthony Pak-Hin Kong, Nim-Ting Koon
PURPOSE: The study examined the relationship between verbal short-term memory (STM) and language impairment in Cantonese speakers after stroke. It is hypothesised that Cantonese speakers with left-hemisphere (LH) stroke would perform worse than those with right hemisphere (RH) stroke and normal controls. Specific linguistic factors of Cantonese might affect results in the tasks. METHOD: Fifteen participants with LH stroke, 10 with RH stroke and 25 healthy controls were tested with auditory-verbal immediate serial recall (ISR) tasks and auditory linguistic tasks...
August 2018: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Meredith O'Connor, Elodie O'Connor, Joanne Tarasuik, Sarah Gray, Amanda Kvalsvig, Sharon Goldfeld
PURPOSE: The Australian educational system is increasingly challenged to meet the needs of multilingual students, who comprise a fifth of the student population. Within the context of a monolingual English curriculum, multilingual children who enter school not yet English proficient may be at risk of experiencing inequitable educational outcomes. METHOD: We examined the relationship between the timing of multilingual children's acquisition of receptive English vocabulary skills and subsequent reading and numeracy outcomes, as well as factors associated with earlier versus later timing of acquisition...
August 2018: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Sharynne McLeod, Kathryn Crowe, Jane McCormack, Paul White, Yvonne Wren, Elise Baker, Sarah Masso, Sue Roulstone
PURPOSE: During early childhood, it is important to identify which children require intervention before they face the increased demands of school. This study aimed to: (1) compare parents' and educators' concerns, (2) examine inter-rater reliability between parents' and educators' concerns and (3) determine the group difference between level of concern and children's performance on clinical testing. METHOD: Parents and educators of 1205 4- to 5-year-old children in the Sound Start Study completed the Parents' Evaluation of Developmental Status...
August 2018: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Pauline Frizelle, Jennifer Harte, Paul Fletcher, Fiona Gibbon
PURPOSE: Research has shown that accent variation can affect typically developing (TD) children's understanding of language, as well as that of children with speech difficulties, neuro-typical adults and those with aphasia and dementia. This study aims to investigate the effect of regional native accents on sentence comprehension in children with language impairment (LI), an area not previously explored. METHOD: Forty-three children with LI (mean age 6.04) and forty-five younger TD children (mean age 4...
August 2018: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
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