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International Journal of Speech-language Pathology

J McKechnie, B Ahmed, R Gutierrez-Osuna, P Monroe, P McCabe, K J Ballard
PURPOSE: A systematic search and review of published studies was conducted on the use of automated speech analysis (ASA) tools for analysing and modifying speech of typically-developing children learning a foreign language and children with speech sound disorders to determine (i) types, attributes, and purposes of ASA tools being used; (ii) accuracy against human judgment; and (iii) performance as therapeutic tools. METHOD: Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines were applied...
July 11, 2018: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Rachel Quinn, Stacie Park, Deborah Theodoros, Anne J Hill
PURPOSE: This study aimed to determine the feasibility of delivering a group speech maintenance programme (eLoud and Proud) to people with Parkinson's disease via telerehabilitation. METHOD: Treatment was delivered to eight participants who had previously received LSVT LOUD®. The programme focussed on using a "loud" voice within conversational and cognitively loaded tasks, and was delivered in two 90-minute sessions per week for four weeks. Data pertaining to sound pressure level (SPL) (for sustained phonation, reading and monologue tasks), maximum frequency range, maximum phonation duration and impact of dysarthria on quality of life were collected at three time points: (1) pre-treatment (PRE); (2) immediately post-treatment (POST); and (3) three months post-treatment (FU)...
June 7, 2018: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Anna Miles, Alexandra Hunting
PURPOSE: The New Zealand Secretion Scale (NZSS) has been developed for comprehensive assessment of accumulated secretions during endoscopy. The scale rates secretion severity under the subcategories location, amount and response. This study describes the scale's development and reliability when used by experts and untrained raters. METHOD: One expert scored 254 endoscopy videos using the NZSS and performed repeat measures on 100 randomly selected videos one month later...
June 7, 2018: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2018: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Kathryn Crowe, Sarah Masso, Suzanne Hopf
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Anniek Van Doornik, Ellen Gerrits, Sharynne McLeod, Hayo Terband
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to examine the role of familiarity of a communication partner on Dutch parents' perception of their child's intelligibility, for children with typically-developing speech (TD) or speech sound disorder (SSD). METHOD: Participants were 67 Dutch-speaking children (48-84 months), 48 with TD and 19 with SSD. Item scores on the parent-rated Intelligibility in Context Scale: Dutch (ICS-NL) were compared between groups and related to naive listeners' ratings of children's intelligibility (IR), and a measure of speech accuracy (i...
June 2018: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Laura M Justice
Dose is a particularly important element of treatment for speech and language disorders, yet relatively little is known concerning how best to operationalise dose in clinical settings. This keynote provides an overview of dose as a theoretical and empirical concept and discusses recent findings that question whether "more is better" when treating children with language disorders. Given recent evidence showing that spaced treatments may result in optimal gains for children, I argue that low-frequency therapy sessions can be especially beneficial for children with language disorders when they are highly productive, providing children with high levels of dose...
June 2018: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Patricia J McCabe
Evidence-based practice (EBP) is a well-accepted theoretical framework around which speech-language pathologists strive to build their clinical decisions. The profession's conceptualisation of EBP has been evolving over the last 20 years with the practice of EBP now needing to balance research evidence, clinical data and informed patient choices. However, although EBP is not a new concept, as a profession, we seem to be no closer to closing the gap between research evidence and practice than we were at the start of the movement toward EBP in the late 1990s...
June 2018: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Emily K Plowman, Ianessa A Humbert
Speech-language pathologists (SLPs) are the primary healthcare providers responsible for the evaluation and treatment of dysphagia. Fundamental to this role is the ability to make accurate clinical judgements to distinguish between normal versus disordered swallowing for subsequent treatment planning. In this review, we highlight recent data collected from practising clinicians in the USA that reveal low levels of agreement across clinicians and poor to moderate levels of accuracy for making binary diagnostic ratings (normal vs...
June 2018: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Rebecca Sutherland, David Trembath, Jacqueline Roberts
PURPOSE: Research interest in telehealth and autism spectrum disorder (ASD) has grown. There is a need to review the literature to allow speech-language pathologists (SLPs) and other service providers to consider applicability to their settings. The aim of this review was to examine the nature and outcomes of studies examining telehealth assessment and/or intervention in ASD. METHOD: A systematic search of the literature was undertaken, with 14 studies meeting inclusion criteria...
June 2018: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Katherine Kelly, Steven Cumming, Belinda Kenny, Jennifer Smith-Merry, Hans Bogaardt
PURPOSE: With an ageing population, speech-language pathologists (SLPs) can expect to encounter legal and ethical challenges associated with palliative and end-of-life care more frequently. An awareness of the medico-legal and ethical framework for palliative dysphagia management will better equip SLPs to work effectively in this area. METHOD: This narrative review examines a range of legislation, legal, ethical and SLP literature that is currently available to orient SLPs to legal and ethical palliative dysphagia management in the Australian context...
June 2018: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Ashleigh Beales, Anne Whitworth, Jade Cartwright, Peter K Panegyres, Robert T Kane
PURPOSE: Using connected speech to assess progressive language disorders is confounded by uncertainty around whether connected speech is stable over successive sampling, and therefore representative of an individual's performance, and whether some contexts and/or language behaviours show greater stability than others. METHOD: A repeated measure, within groups, research design was used to investigate stability of a range of behaviours in the connected speech of six individuals with primary progressive aphasia and three individuals with Alzheimer's disease...
June 2018: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Michelle I Brown, Marleen F Westerveld, David Trembath, Gail T Gillon
PURPOSE: This study examined the effectiveness of low- and high-intensity early storybook reading (ESR) intervention workshops delivered to parents for promoting their babies language and social communication development. These workshops educated parents on how to provide a stimulating home reading environment and engage in parent-child interactions during ESR. METHOD: Parent-child dyads (n = 32); child age: 3-12 months, were assigned into two intervention conditions: low and high intensity (LI versus HI) groups...
June 2018: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Min Ney Wong, Yanky Chan, Manwa L Ng, Frank F Zhu
PURPOSE: The present study aimed to explore the short-term effect of anodal transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) on tongue twister production. METHOD: Thirty healthy native Cantonese adult speakers were randomly assigned to the anodal tDCS group or the sham tDCS group. Anodal tDCS of 2 mA was applied over the Broca's area of the brain. The stimulation lasted for 20 min for the anodal tDCS group and 30 s for the sham tDCS group. The participants were instructed to produce a list of tongue twisters before, immediately after and 4 h after tDCS...
April 11, 2018: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Marilyn A Nippold
PURPOSE: This article reviews recent studies that examined the controversial claim that children who stutter (CWS), as a group, have weaker language skills than children who do not stutter (CWNS). The article was an effort to address the conflicting conclusions of two previous reviews of the research in this area. METHOD: Studies published in research journals during the past 7 years (2011-2018) were located through a systematic review of the literature. Each study was analysed to determine how well it supported the claim that CWS, as a group, have weaker language skills than CWNS...
April 11, 2018: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Birgitta Ferdinands, Kate Bridgman
PURPOSE: Parents have a vital role in the delivery of the Lidcombe Program when treating stuttering in young children. Research into parent experiences and perceptions throughout the Lidcombe Program is currently limited. Qualitative literature indicates that parent experiences and child progress are closely linked with program duration. This preliminary quantitative study examined parent satisfaction with child fluency at three time points. Data from clinic and telehealth delivery of the Lidcombe Program were used to further explore between-group non-inferiority...
April 5, 2018: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Victoria Jones, Emma Finch, Anna Copley
PURPOSE: Reperfusion therapies are medical treatments that restore blood flow either by surgical removal of a blood clot or with medications that dissolve clots. The introduction of reperfusion therapies has the potential to change the presentation of aphasia following acute ischaemic stroke (AIS). This scoping study will explore the relationship between aphasia and reperfusion therapies from a speech-language pathology perspective. METHOD: A systematic literature search was performed on studies published up until October 2016...
April 3, 2018: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Maria Bane, Megan Brown, Vrushali Angadi, Daniel J Croake, Richard D Andreatta, Joseph C Stemple
PURPOSE: This study examined the effect of varying degrees of vocal tract (VT) occlusion used during Vocal Function Exercises (VFEs) on attainment of maximum phonation time (MPT) goals in normal voice. Greater VT occlusion was expected to result in increased MPT. The overarching goal was to determine whether the semi-occluded vocal tract (SOVT) posture used during VFEs could be modified while preserving efficacy. METHOD: Twenty-six females ages 18-30 participated in this pre-post longitudinal group study...
April 3, 2018: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Elizabeth Bourne, Lindy McAllister, Srivalli Nagarajan, Kate Short
PURPOSE: This prospective study investigated the impact of supervising students on public health speech-language pathologists' (SLPs) time and patient activity levels in order to broaden evidence in the profession. METHOD: Thirty-four SLPs supervising students collected data profiling their time use and activity during the first, middle and penultimate placement week. They also collected data for a week when not supervising students. Pre- and post-placement surveys were used to supplement quantitative data with additional information such as clinician and student experience levels...
April 3, 2018: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
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