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International Journal of Speech-language Pathology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908200/development-of-an-internet-version-of-the-lidcombe-program-of-early-stuttering-intervention-a-trial-of-part-1
#1
Sabine Van Eerdenbrugh, Ann Packman, Mark Onslow, Sue O'brian, Ross Menzies
PURPOSE: There is evidence that access to treatment for early stuttering is not available for all who need it. An internet version of the Lidcombe Program for early stuttering (Internet-LP) has been developed to deal with this shortfall. The LP is suitable for such development because it is delivered by parents in the child's everyday environment, with training by a speech-language pathologist. A Phase I trial of Internet-LP Part 1, comprising parent training, is reported here. METHOD: Eight parents of pre-schoolers who stutter were recruited and six completed the trial...
December 2, 2016: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882773/the-acquisition-of-initial-consonant-clusters-in-german-speaking-2-year-olds
#2
Blanca Schaefer, Annette Fox-Boyer
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to explore cluster acquisition in typically developing German-speaking 2-year-olds. METHOD: Data from four cross-sectional studies (n = 145, aged 2;00-2;11) and one eight-month longitudinal study were analysed (n = 6, aged 2;01-2;04). Two different percentages of consonant clusters correct were calculated to allow a more detailed analysis. RESULT: Findings showed that the majority of children produced clusters, although they could not be considered to be fully acquired...
November 24, 2016: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27778519/beyond-academic-performance-practice-implications-for-working-with-students-following-traumatic-brain-injury
#3
Margaret Mealings, Jacinta Douglas, John Olver
PURPOSE: Speech-language pathologists (SLPs) have a key role in supporting educational participation for secondary and tertiary students with traumatic brain injury (TBI). This article aims to (i) explore issues identified by students with TBI that affect educational participation beyond their academic performance, (ii) offer a framework based on research evidence to guide the practice of SLPs and (iii) explore strategies that may expand the traditional roles of SLPs to support students beyond academic performance...
October 25, 2016: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27762632/the-role-of-speech-language-pathologists-in-adult-palliative-care
#4
Laura Chahda, Bernice A Mathisen, Lindsay B Carey
PURPOSE: Given minimal studies describing the role and practice of speech-language pathologists (SLPs) in adult palliative care, the aim of this review was to compile a database of research literature, examine the potential research gaps and to consider material that specifically discussed the need for and/or use of procedures and protocols for SLPs working in palliative care that would support the development of SLP palliative care guidelines. METHOD: A scoping review was conducted utilising Arksey and O'Malley's framework with the goal of exploring any key concepts and approaches utilised by SLPs in adult palliative care, plus any literature and/or recommendations regarding SLP practice in adult palliative care settings...
October 20, 2016: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27712125/the-impact-of-childhood-language-difficulties-on-healthcare-costs-from-4-to-13-years-australian-longitudinal-study
#5
Paula Cronin, Rebecca Reeve, Patricia Mccabe, Rosalie Viney, Stephen Goodall
PURPOSE: This study investigated the relationship between children's language difficulties and health care costs using the 2004-2012 Longitudinal Study of Australian Children (LSAC). METHOD: Language difficulties were defined as scores ≤1.25SD below the standardised mean on measures of directly assessed receptive vocabulary (4-9 years) and teacher-reported language and literacy (10-13 years). Participant data were individually linked to administrative data, which were sourced from Australia's universal subsidised healthcare scheme (Medicare)...
October 7, 2016: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27712123/intervening-to-address-communication-difficulties-in-incarcerated-youth-a-phase-1-clinical-trial
#6
Pamela C Snow, Mary N Woodward
PURPOSE: Although a number of studies have described high rates of wide-ranging language difficulties in youth offender samples, minimal intervention research has been conducted with this population. The aim of this study was to implement a small-scale speech-language pathology (SLP) intervention study in a secure youth justice facility and to identify key practical challenges associated with conducting SLP interventions in youth custodial settings. METHOD: Six young males were recruited and underwent assessment via a range of standardised and self-report communication measures...
October 7, 2016: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27705032/intonation-patterns-in-older-children-with-cerebral-palsy-before-and-after-speech-intervention
#7
Anja Kuschmann, Nick Miller, Anja Lowit, Lindsay Pennington
PURPOSE: This paper examined the production of intonation patterns in children with developmental dysarthria associated with cerebral palsy (CP) prior to and after speech intervention focussing on respiration and phonation. The study further sought to establish whether intonation performance might be related to changes in speech intelligibility. METHOD: Intonation patterns were examined using connected speech samples of 15 older children with moderate to severe developmental dysarthria due to CP (9 females; age range: 11-18)...
October 5, 2016: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27705010/therapeutic-effects-of-intensive-voice-treatment-lsvt-loud-for-children-with-spastic-cerebral-palsy-and-dysarthria-a-phase-i-treatment-validation-study
#8
Carol A Boliek, Cynthia M Fox
PURPOSE: The aim of the present study was to validate and extend the evaluation of treatment outcomes following LSVT LOUD® in children with dysarthria secondary to cerebral palsy (CP). METHOD: Seven children (5 females, 6-10 years) with spastic quadriplegia and dysarthria received LSVT LOUD. Outcomes included: (a) quantitative and qualitative indices of communication and social functioning representing therapeutic effects and (b) features of the acoustic signal representing physiological effects on the speech mechanism...
October 5, 2016: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27705008/a-systematic-review-of-resonant-voice-therapy
#9
Edwin M-L Yiu, Marco C M Lo, Elizabeth A Barrett
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to systematically review the literature on resonant voice therapy and to evaluate the level of evidence on the effectiveness of using resonant voice therapy in treating dysphonia. METHOD: Refereed journal papers from 1974 to 2014 were retrieved and reviewed by two independent reviewers using the keywords "Humming, Resonance, Resonant Voice, Semi-occluded or closed tube phonation" using available database systems. Quality of evidence was evaluated by using the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation (GRADE)...
October 5, 2016: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27701907/speech-and-nonspeech-what-are-we-talking-about
#10
Edwin Maas
Understanding of the behavioural, cognitive and neural underpinnings of speech production is of interest theoretically, and is important for understanding disorders of speech production and how to assess and treat such disorders in the clinic. This paper addresses two claims about the neuromotor control of speech production: (1) speech is subserved by a distinct, specialised motor control system and (2) speech is holistic and cannot be decomposed into smaller primitives. Both claims have gained traction in recent literature, and are central to a task-dependent model of speech motor control...
October 5, 2016: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27701903/responses-made-by-late-talkers-and-typically-developing-toddlers-during-speech-assessments
#11
Rosemary Hodges, Elise Baker, Natalie Munro, Karla K Mcgregor
PURPOSE: Assessing toddlers' speech is challenging. We explored responses made by late talkers and their typically developing peers in structured speech sampling contexts and determined if late talker subgroups could be identified. METHOD: Twenty-six late talkers and 26 age-matched typically developing toddlers participated in an expressive phonology assessment and an elicited non-word imitation test. We quantified the breadth of toddler responses used in a subset of monosyllabic stimuli from the toddler phonology assessment and in the non-word imitation test...
October 5, 2016: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27701895/speech-language-pathology-research-in-the-philippines-in-retrospect-perspectives-from-a-developing-country
#12
Ivan Paul Bondoc, Viannery Mabag, Clarisse Anne Dacanay, Natasha Daryle Macapagal
PURPOSE: There is a need for speech-language pathology (SLP) research in the Philippines, in order to fill in knowledge gaps relevant to the local context. Information about the local SLP research status remains inadequate. This study describes local SLP research done over the almost past four decades. METHOD: Using a descriptive retrospective design, a search was made for all empirical research articles completed by Filipino SLPs from 1978 to 2015. RESULT: A total of 250 research articles were identified and described along several parameters...
October 5, 2016: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27696901/collaboration-trouble-and-repair-in-multiparty-interactions-involving-couples-with-dementia-or-aphasia
#13
Christina Samuelsson, Lars-Christer HydéN
PURPOSE: The aim of the present study was to identify problems with communication with persons with aphasia and persons with dementia in a collaborative interview setting with their significant others. In particular, to compare interactional practices used in order to resolve problems caused by specific symptoms. METHOD: Five persons with aphasia and five persons with dementia and their spouses participated in the study. Interviews were carried out couple by couple, and the interviews had a task-oriented character...
October 4, 2016: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27690637/referential-communication-abilities-in-children-with-22q11-2-deletion-syndrome
#14
Ellen Van Den Heuvel, Christina ReuterskiöLd, Cynthia Solot, Eric Manders, Ann Swillen, Inge Zink
PURPOSE: This study describes the performance on a perspective- and role-taking task in 27 children, ages 6-13 years, with 22q11.2 deletion syndrome (22q11.2DS). A cross-cultural design comparing Dutch- and English-speaking children with 22q11.2DS explored the possibility of cultural differences. METHOD: Chronologically age-matched and younger typically developing (TD) children matched for receptive vocabulary served as control groups to identify challenges in referential communication...
October 3, 2016: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27686754/reliability-for-detecting-oropharyngeal-aspiration-in-children-using-cervical-auscultation
#15
Thuy T Frakking, Anne B Chang, Kerry-Ann F O'Grady, Michael David, Kelly A Weir
PURPOSE: Limited data exist that support the reproducibility of cervical auscultation (CA) use in children. This study aimed to determine the reliability of CA in detecting oropharyngeal aspiration (OPA) in children within a controlled environment. METHOD: This observational study included eight speech-language pathologists who rated clips of 40 normal and 40 OPA swallowing sounds on two separate occasions (i.e.160 sound clips rated by each speech-language pathologist) to comprise a total of 1280 swallow clips rated...
September 29, 2016: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27686633/management-of-swallowing-in-thrombolysed-stroke-patients-implementation-of-a-new-protocol
#16
Maria Schwarz, Anne Coccetti, Elizabeth Cardell, Allison Murdoch, Jennifer Davis
PURPOSE: There is a paucity of evidence regarding dysphagia management post-thrombolysis. The aim of this case-control study was to evaluate the impact of a dysphagia management protocol on patient outcomes. Thrombolysis has been completed at our metropolitan hospital since 2011 and a dysphagia management protocol was developed in 2012. METHOD: Chart auditing was completed for 83 participants in three groups: pre-protocol (n = 12) (2011), post-protocol (n = 28) (2012-2014), and non-thrombolysed stroke patients (n = 43)...
September 29, 2016: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27666091/acoustic-temporal-aspects-of-stop-plosives-in-the-speech-of-persian-speaking-children-with-cleft-lip-and-palate
#17
Marziye Eshghi, John S Preisser, Mahmood Bijankhan, David J Zajac
PURPOSE: The main objective was to examine temporal parameters of stop-plosives in Persian-speaking children with repaired cleft lip and palate (CLP). METHOD: Eleven children with repaired bilateral CLP and 20 typically-developing children participated in the study. Stop-gap duration (SGD) and voice-onset time (VOT) were measured based on digital waveform and spectrographic displays. RESULT: Separate linear mixed model analyses showed significantly longer SGDs for children with CLP for all plosives in word-mid and final positions...
September 26, 2016: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27643913/evaluating-the-effectiveness-of-prepstart-for-promoting-oral-language-and-emergent-literacy-skills-in-disadvantaged-preparatory-students
#18
Maria Lennox, Marleen F Westerveld, David Trembath
PURPOSE: This study examined the effectiveness of a classroom-based intervention programme aimed at improving the oral language and emergent literacy skills of students from low socio-economic, culturally diverse backgrounds within their first formal year of schooling ("prep"). METHOD: Data from 137 students were available for analysis. Participants were from three primary schools located in Queensland, Australia. Eight classes were allocated to intervention and two classes acted as a business as usual control...
September 19, 2016: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27631150/labels-identity-and-narratives-in-children-with-primary-speech-and-language-impairments
#19
Rena Lyons, Sue Roulstone
PURPOSE: There has been debate about labels in relation to speech and language impairments. However, children's views are missing from this debate, which is risky considering that labels with negative associations may result in stigma. The aim of this study was to explore the range of identities which children with primary speech and language impairments presented in their narratives and to investigate their evaluations of these identities with a view to understanding the values they attach to labels...
September 15, 2016: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27626507/the-relationship-between-spoken-english-proficiency-and-participation-in-higher-education-employment-and-income-from-two-australian-censuses
#20
Helen L Blake, Sharynne Mcleod, Sarah Verdon, Gail Fuller
PURPOSE: Proficiency in the language of the country of residence has implications for an individual's level of education, employability, income and social integration. This paper explores the relationship between the spoken English proficiency of residents of Australia on census day and their educational level, employment and income to provide insight into multilingual speakers' ability to participate in Australia as an English-dominant society. METHOD: Data presented are derived from two Australian censuses i...
September 14, 2016: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
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