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International Journal of Speech-language Pathology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29355398/using-twitter-to-access-the-human-right-of-communication-for-people-who-use-augmentative-and-alternative-communication-aac
#1
Bronwyn Hemsley, Stuart Palmer, Stephen Dann, Susan Balandin
PURPOSE: Articles 19, 26 and 27 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and Articles 4, 9 and 21 of the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities promote the human rights of communication, education, use of technology and access to information. Social media is an important form of online communication, and Twitter increases users' visibility, influence and reach online. The aim of this sociotechnical research was to determine the impact of teaching three people who use Augmentative and Alternative Communication (AAC) to use Twitter...
January 22, 2018: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29355390/the-international-communication-project-raising-global-awareness-of-communication-as-a-human-right
#2
Gail Mulcair, Arlene A Pietranton, Cori Williams
Communication as a human right is embedded within Article 19 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights; however, there is a need to raise global awareness of the communication needs of those with communication disorders. In 2014, the six national speech-language and audiology professional bodies that comprise the Mutual Recognition Agreement (MRA) launched the International Communication Project (ICP) to help raise awareness of communication disorders around the world. Since its inception, the project has engaged close to 50 organisations from diverse regions, and has undertaken a number of initiatives, including development of the Universal Declaration of Communication Rights...
January 22, 2018: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316824/fear-of-communicating-fear-versus-fear-of-terrorism-a-human-rights-violation-or-a-sign-of-our-time
#3
Chika Anyanwu
At its very first session, the United Nations General Assembly, adopted Resolution 59(I) which states that "freedom of information is a fundamental human right and … the touchstone of all the freedoms to which the United Nations is consecrated". In 1948, it proclaimed the Universal Declaration of Human Rights in Paris. Article 19 of that Declaration states that "everyone has the right to freedom of opinion and expression; this right includes freedom to hold opinions without interference and to seek, receive and impart information and ideas through any media and regardless of frontiers"...
January 10, 2018: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29271668/acoustic-environments-that-support-equally-accessible-oral-higher-education-as-a-human-right
#4
Kirsten M L Van Den Heuij, Karin Neijenhuis, Martine Coene
PURPOSE: People have the right to freedom of opinion and expression, as defined in Article 19 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. Higher education plays a major role in helping students to develop and express their own opinions and, therefore, should be equally accessible to all. This article focuses on how students judge the accessibility to oral instruction in higher education listening contexts. METHOD: We collected data from 191 students in higher education by means of a questionnaire, addressing understanding speech in different types of classrooms and various educational settings...
December 22, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29256274/mother-tongue-as-a-universal-human-right
#5
Christine De Luca
Article 19 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights enshrines the right to freedom of opinion and expression. UN Resolution A/RES/61/266 called upon Member States "to promote the preservation and protection of all languages used by peoples of the world". This resolution has particular relevance for minority language groups where mother tongue - so vital to self-expression - is primarily a spoken medium, often ascribed low status. With few fluent readers and writers, and a consequent dearth of written resources, a vicious circle develops and linguistic and cultural heritage erodes...
December 19, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29252012/what-do-speech-language-pathologists-describe-as-most-important-when-trying-to-achieve-client-participation-during-aphasia-rehabilitation-a-qualitative-focus-group-interview-study
#6
Karianne Berg, Torunn Askim, Marit By Rise
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to investigate what speech-language pathologists describe as most important when trying to achieve client-oriented participation during aphasia rehabilitation. METHOD: A qualitative study including semi-structured focus group interviews with 11 speech-language pathologists. Interviews were analysed with the use of systematic text condensation. RESULT: Four main themes emerged from the analysis. (1) It is important to take the vulnerability of the client group into account...
December 18, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29252006/is-the-speech-language-pathology-profession-prepared-for-an-ageing-population-an-australian-survey
#7
Michelle Bennett, Jade Cartwright, Jessica Young
PURPOSE: This study profiled the demographic characteristics and practice patterns of speech-language pathologists working with older Australians to inform future workforce planning and service development in response to an ageing population and aged care sector reform. METHOD: Data were collected through snowball distribution of an online survey comprising six sections: demographic details; caseload and service delivery practices, degree of inter-professional practice; engagement with professional development and support; and assessment and management of swallowing, mealtime and communication difficulties...
December 18, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243504/promoting-language-and-social-communication-development-in-babies-through-an-early-storybook-reading-intervention
#8
Michelle I Brown, Marleen F Westerveld, David Trembath, Gail T Gillon
PURPOSE: This study examined the effectiveness of low- and high-intensity early storybook reading (ESR) intervention workshops delivered to parents for promoting their babies language and social communication development. These workshops educated parents on how to provide a stimulating home reading environment and engage in parent-child interactions during ESR. METHOD: Parent-child dyads (n = 32); child age: 3-12 months, were assigned into two intervention conditions: low and high intensity (LI versus HI) groups...
December 15, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231072/the-stakeholder-model-of-voice-research-acknowledging-barriers-to-human-rights-of-all-stakeholders-in-a-communicative-exchange
#9
Catherine Madill, Samantha Warhurst, Patricia McCabe
The act of communication is a complex, transient and often abstract phenomenon that involves many stakeholders, each of whom has their own perspective: the speaker, the listener, the observer and the researcher. Current research practices in voice disorder are frequently framed through a single lens - that of the researcher/clinician or their participant/patient. This single lens approach risks overlooking significant barriers to the basic human right of freedom of expression for those with a voice disorder as it omits consideration of the impact of voice disorder on the listener, and consideration of the wider impact of the voice in the occupational context...
December 12, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227168/assessment-of-communication-abilities-in-multilingual-children-language-rights-or-human-rights
#10
Madalena Cruz-Ferreira
Communication involves a sender, a receiver and a shared code operating through shared rules. Breach of communication results from disruption to any of these basic components of a communicative chain, although assessment of communication abilities typically focuses on senders/receivers, on two assumptions: first, that their command of features and rules of the language in question (the code), such as sounds, words or word order, as described in linguists' theorisations, represents the full scope of linguistic competence; and second, that languages are stable, homogeneous entities, unaffected by their users' communicative needs...
December 11, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215309/can-teacher-child-relationships-support-human-rights-to-freedom-of-opinion-and-expression-education-and-participation
#11
Cen Wang, Linda J Harrison, Sharynne McLeod, Sue Walker, Jantine L Spilt
PURPOSE: This study explored how teacher-child relationships change over the early school years, in terms of closeness and conflict, whether these trajectories differ in type and frequency for children with typical development and children with speech and language concern (SLC), and whether the trajectories are associated with school outcomes at 12-13 years. METHOD: Participants were children, parents and teachers in the Longitudinal Study of Australian Children...
December 7, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215301/the-positioning-of-aboriginal-students-and-their-languages-within-australia-s-education-system-a-human-rights-perspective
#12
Leonard A Freeman, Bea Staley
This paper is a critical review of past and present languages policies in Australian schooling. We highlight the One Literacy movement that contravenes the human rights of Australia's Aboriginal students. This in turn impacts students' right to freedom of opinion and expression as stated in Article 19 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. The One Literacy movement operates by equating Standard Australian English literacy acquisition with Australia's global competitiveness and economic success. There is only one pathway through the Australian English curriculum with common assessments and standards...
December 7, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215296/identifying-risk-for-language-impairment-in-children-from-linguistically-diverse-low-income-schools
#13
Peggy F Jacobson, Suzanne Thompson Miller
PURPOSE: To improve screening procedures for children in a linguistically diverse context, we combined tasks known to reveal grammatical deficits in children with language impairment (LI) with training to facilitate performance on a verb elicitation task. METHOD: Sixty-four first grade children participated. The objective grammatical measures included elicitation of 12 past tense regular verbs preceded by a teaching phase (teach-test), the sentence recall (SR) subtest of the Clinical evaluation of language fundamentals (CELF-4), and a tally of all conjugated verbs from a narrative retell task...
December 7, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202598/speech-language-pathologists-as-determiners-of-the-human-right-to-diversity-in-communication-for-school-children-in-the-us
#14
Audrey M Farrugia-Bernard
Article 19 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights states that everyone has the right to freedom of opinion and expression - the right to communication. Communication is at the core of the speech-language pathology (SLP) profession. Yet, while we celebrate the 70th anniversary of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights some of our most vulnerable youth are being placed in special education at disproportional rates. School-based SLPs in the United States may be unwittingly contributing to this phenomenon, obstructing the human right to communication because of biased assessment procedures...
December 5, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29192805/social-participation-for-people-with-communication-disability-in-coffee-shops-and-restaurants-is-a-human-right
#15
Clare Carroll, Nicole Guinan, Libby Kinneen, Denise Mulheir, Hannah Loughnane, Orla Joyce, Elaine Higgins, Emma Boyle, Margaret Mullarney, Rena Lyons
Although Article 19 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights states that "everyone has a right to freedom of opinion and expression", for people with communication disability this may not be a reality. This commentary shares a practical example of how people with communication disabilities together with speech-language pathology (SLP) students, academics and clinical staff co-designed and co-implemented a Communication Awareness Training Programme for catering staff to enable communication access in coffee shops and restaurants...
December 1, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29192799/communication-as-a-human-right-citizenship-politics-and-the-role-of-the-speech-language-pathologist
#16
Declan Murphy, Rena Lyons, Clare Carroll, Mari Caulfield, Gráinne De Paor
According to Article 19 of the Universal Declaration on Human Rights "Everyone has the right to freedom of opinion and expression; this right includes freedom to hold opinions without interference and to seek, receive and impart information and ideas through any media and regardless of frontiers." The purpose of this paper is to elucidate communication as a human right in the life of a young man called Declan who has Down syndrome. This commentary paper is co-written by Declan, his sister who is a speech-language pathologist (SLP) with an advocacy role, his SLP, and academics...
December 1, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171763/correction-to-pascoe-et%C3%A2-al-beyond-lip-service-towards-human-rights-driven-guidelines-for-south-african-speech-language-pathologists
#17
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 24, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171310/the-impact-of-speech-and-language-problems-in-kindergarten-on-academic-learning-and-special-education-status-in-grade-three
#18
Magdalena Janus, Chantal Labonté, Ryan Kirkpatrick, Scott Davies, Eric Duku
PURPOSE: This study addressed the implications of experiencing early speech-language pathologies (SLPs) in kindergarten on special education needs (SEN) and academic outcomes in grade three. METHOD: Early Development Instrument (EDI) kindergarten data on development and the presence or absence of SLPs were matched with grade three school-system standardised tests of reading, writing and maths, and SEN classification in Ontario, Canada for 59 015 students. Children were classified as having a Persistent speech language pathology (SLP), Remittent SLP, Latent SEN or as a typically developing Control...
November 24, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171295/rural-and-remote-speech-language-pathology-service-inequities-an-australian-human-rights-dilemma
#19
Debra M Jones, Lindy McAllister, David M Lyle
Access to healthcare is a fundamental human right for all Australians. Article 19 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights acknowledges the right to freedom of opinion and to seek, receive and impart information and ideas. Capacities for self-expression and effective communication underpin the realisation of these fundamental human rights. For rural and remote Australian children this realisation is compromised by complex disadvantages and inequities that contribute to communication delays, inequity of access to essential speech-language pathology services and poorer later life outcomes...
November 24, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171294/communication-capacity-research-in-the-majority-world-supporting-the-human-right-to-communication-specialist-services
#20
Suzanne C Hopf
Receipt of accessible and appropriate specialist services and resources by all people with communication and/or swallowing disability is a human right; however, it is a right rarely achieved in either Minority or Majority World contexts. This paper considers communication specialists' efforts to provide sustainable services for people with communication difficulties living in Majority World countries. The commentary draws on human rights literature, particularly Article 19 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and the Communication Capacity Research program that includes: (1) gathering knowledge from policy and literature; (2) gathering knowledge from the community; (3) understanding speech, language and literacy use and proficiency; and (4) developing culturally and linguistically appropriate resources and assessments...
November 24, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
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