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International Journal of Speech-language Pathology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816080/an-australian-survey-of-parent-involvement-in-intervention-for-childhood-speech-sound-disorders
#1
Eleanor Sugden, Elise Baker, Natalie Munro, A Lynn Williams, Carol M Trivette
PURPOSE: To investigate how speech-language pathologists (SLPs) report involving parents in intervention for phonology-based speech sound disorders (SSDs), and to describe the home practice that they recommend. Further aims were to describe the training SLPs report providing to parents, to explore SLPs' beliefs and motivations for involving parents in intervention, and to determine whether SLPs' characteristics are associated with their self-reported practice. METHOD: An online survey of 288 SLPs working with SSD in Australia was conducted...
August 17, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805470/quality-and-readability-of-english-language-internet-information-for-aphasia
#2
Jamie H Azios, Monica Bellon-Harn, Ashley L Dockens, Vinaya Manchaiah
PURPOSE: Little is known about the quality and readability of treatment information in specific neurogenic disorders, such as aphasia. The purpose of this study was to assess quality and readability of English-language Internet information available for aphasia treatment. METHOD: Forty-three aphasia treatment websites were aggregated using five different country-specific search engines. Websites were then analysed using quality and readability assessments. Statistical calculations were employed to examine website ratings, differences between website origin and quality and readability scores, and correlations between readability instruments...
August 14, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795872/selecting-an-acoustic-correlate-for-automated-measurement-of-american-english-rhotic-production-in-children
#3
Heather Campbell, Daphna Harel, Elaine Hitchcock, Tara McAllister Byun
PURPOSE: A current need in the field of speech-language pathology is the development of reliable and efficient techniques to evaluate accuracy of speech targets over the course of treatment. As acoustic measurement techniques improve, it should become possible to use automated scoring in lieu of ratings from a trained clinician in some contexts. This study asks which acoustic measures correspond most closely with expert ratings of children's productions of American English /ɹ/ in an effort to develop an automated scoring algorithm for use in treatment targeting rhotics...
August 10, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28786692/parental-experiences-and-perceptions-related-to-childhood-apraxia-of-speech-focus-on-functional-implications
#4
Heather Leavy Rusiewicz, Kaitlin Maize, Theresa Ptakowski
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine the functional implications of childhood apraxia of speech (CAS) as experienced by children and their parents. METHOD: Using a mixed qualitative/quantitative design, 40 parents responded to two Likert-scale questionnaires and four phenomenological questions about their personal experiences and their perceptions of their children's (ages 3-16 years) experiences of living with CAS. RESULT: Quantitative data indicated that although parents reported concern about their children's speech production as expected, they also expressed that CAS affected their children's every day activities and social interactions...
August 8, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780903/communication-about-emotions-during-storybook-reading-effects-of-an-instruction-programme-for-children-with-down-syndrome
#5
Ji Young Na, Krista M Wilkinson
PURPOSE: Children with Down syndrome often have more restricted emotion expression and recognition skills than their peers who are developing typically, and potentially fewer opportunities to learn these skills. This study investigated the effect of the Strategies for Talking about Emotions as PartnerS (STEPS) programme on parents' provision of opportunities for emotion communication using visual communication supports. METHOD: The study used a single-subject multiple-baseline across participants design with three parent-child dyads...
August 7, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766373/prediction-of-the-outcome-of-children-who-had-a-language-delay-at-age-2-when-they-are-aged-4-still-a-challenge
#6
Audette Sylvestre, Chantal Desmarais, François Meyer, Isabelle Bairati, Jean Leblond
PURPOSE: This study investigated the role that variables related to children and their environment play in the prediction of outcomes at 4 years of age for children with a language delay at 2 years. METHOD: A longitudinal study was undertaken where 64 children (45 boys, 19 girls; mean age = 53.3 months; SD = 4.4) with language delay at age 2 years were re-evaluated at age 4 years. Three developmental trajectories were analysed. RESULT: The early stages of grammar, as estimated by mean length of utterance at 3...
August 2, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756691/intervention-for-children-with-word-finding-difficulties-a-parallel-group-randomised-control-trial
#7
Wendy Best, Lucy Mari Hughes, Jackie Masterson, Michael Thomas, Anna Fedor, Silvia Roncoli, Liory Fern-Pollak, Donna-Lynn Shepherd, David Howard, Kate Shobbrook, Anna Kapikian
PURPOSE: The study investigated the outcome of a word-web intervention for children diagnosed with word-finding difficulties (WFDs). METHOD: Twenty children age 6-8 years with WFDs confirmed by a discrepancy between comprehension and production on the Test of Word Finding-2, were randomly assigned to intervention (n = 11) and waiting control (n = 9) groups. The intervention group had six sessions of intervention which used word-webs and targeted children's meta-cognitive awareness and word-retrieval...
July 31, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756688/message-banking-perceptions-of-persons-with-motor-neuron-disease-significant-others-and-clinicians
#8
Imke Oosthuizen, Shakila Dada, Juan Bornman, Rajinder Koul
PURPOSE: Message banking is an intervention strategy that has the potential to facilitate effective communication for people with motor neuron disease when their condition deteriorates to the extent that they cannot communicate using natural speech. The aim of the current study was to determine and compare the perceptions on message banking of three stakeholder groups, namely, persons with motor neuron disease, their significant others and speech-language pathologists. METHOD: A comparative group survey design was used...
July 31, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756683/factors-influencing-clinical-consistency-and-variability-in-voice-prosthesis-management
#9
Kelli L Hancock, Elizabeth C Ward, Robyn A Burnett, Peta K Graciet, Priscilla J Lenne, Julia C F MaClean, Felicity J Megee
PURPOSE: Anecdotally it is recognised that management of tracheoesophageal speech (TES) post-laryngectomy varies between speech language pathology (SLP) services and clinicians. This study reviewed patterns of practice for TES management to examine patterns of practice and explore factors influencing variability. METHOD: A national survey was completed by SLP's from clinical services which manage TES. This online survey examined demographic and caseload information, initial voice prosthesis (VP) placement and procedures, VP cleaning and care recommendations, humidification management, equipment and service provision, and service delivery options at each site...
July 31, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683579/communication-disability-in-fiji-community-self-help-and-help-seeking-support
#10
Suzanne C Hopf, Sharynne McLeod, Sarah H McDonagh, Cen Wang, Epenisa N Rakanace
PURPOSE: To understand how a Fijian community supports people with communication disability (PWCD) and whether their support is associated with participant demographics. METHOD: Thematic analysis of 144 questionnaires that asked about participants' actions to support a fictional child and adult with communication disability. RESULT: Participant responses fell into two categories: what they would do directly (self-help) and people and places where they would seek assistance (help-seeking)...
July 7, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682122/concurrent-associations-between-maternal-behaviours-and-infant-communication-within-a-cohort-of-women-and-their-infants-experiencing-adversity
#11
Jodie Smith, Penny Levickis, Tricia Eadie, Lesley Bretherton, Laura Conway, Sharon Goldfeld
PURPOSE: Evidence suggests that children living in adversity are at greater risk of poorer language than their peers with the quality of parental interactions potentially mediating this association. Studies typically measure the mediatory impact of generic interaction styles making it difficult to discern which particular aspects of the interaction are facilitating language. This study aims to bridge this gap by identifying specific maternal behaviours associated with concurrent infant communication, in a cohort of 12-month old infants and their mothers experiencing adversity...
July 6, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682118/interaction-focussed-therapy-for-aphasia-effects-on-communication-and-quality-of-life
#12
Scott Barnes, Lyndsey Nickels
PURPOSE: This study examined the effects of an interaction-focussed therapy for aphasia, which involved both people with aphasia and their familiar conversation partners. It was hypothesised the interaction-focussed therapy would lead to positive changes in targeted conversation behaviours, and improved quality of life for participants with aphasia. METHOD: Three people with chronic aphasia and three of their familiar conversation partners completed an 8-week interaction-focussed therapy programme...
July 6, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665209/speech-language-pathology-in-paediatric-palliative-care-a-scoping-review-of-role-and-practice
#13
Lillian Krikheli, Bernice A Mathisen, Lindsay B Carey
PURPOSE: Attempts have been made within the literature to clarify the role and scope of speech-language pathologists (SLPs) within paediatric palliative care (PPC). As SLP literature regarding adult/geriatric populations is gaining traction, it is fitting to investigate the role of SLPs in the management of infants and children in end-of-life care. METHOD: Arksey and O'Malley's ( 2005 ) scoping review method was utilised for searching multiple databases. Two database searches were undertaken...
June 30, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665156/fluency-adaptation-in-speakers-with-parkinson-disease-a-motor-learning-perspective
#14
Jason A Whitfield, Catharine Delong, Alexander M Goberman, Michael Blomgren
PURPOSE: Fluency adaptation is characterised by a reduction in stuttering-like behaviours over successive readings of the same speech material and is an effect that is typically observed in developmental stuttering. Prominent theories suggest that short-term motor learning associated with practice explain, in part, fluency adaptation. The current investigation examined the fluency adaptation effect in a group of speakers with Parkinson disease (PD) who exhibited stuttering-like disfluencies...
June 30, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882773/the-acquisition-of-initial-consonant-clusters-in-german-speaking-2-year-olds
#15
Blanca Schaefer, Annette Fox-Boyer
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to explore cluster acquisition in typically developing German-speaking 2-year-olds. METHOD: Data from four cross-sectional studies (n = 145, aged 2;00-2;11) and one eight-month longitudinal study were analysed (n = 6, aged 2;01-2;04). Two different percentages of consonant clusters correct were calculated to allow a more detailed analysis. RESULT: Findings showed that the majority of children produced clusters, although they could not be considered to be fully acquired...
October 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27778519/beyond-academic-performance-practice-implications-for-working-with-students-following-traumatic-brain-injury
#16
Margaret Mealings, Jacinta Douglas, John Olver
PURPOSE: Speech-language pathologists (SLPs) have a key role in supporting educational participation for secondary and tertiary students with traumatic brain injury (TBI). This article aims to (i) explore issues identified by students with TBI that affect educational participation beyond their academic performance, (ii) offer a framework based on research evidence to guide the practice of SLPs and (iii) explore strategies that may expand the traditional roles of SLPs to support students beyond academic performance...
October 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27701907/speech-and-nonspeech-what-are-we-talking-about
#17
Edwin Maas
Understanding of the behavioural, cognitive and neural underpinnings of speech production is of interest theoretically, and is important for understanding disorders of speech production and how to assess and treat such disorders in the clinic. This paper addresses two claims about the neuromotor control of speech production: (1) speech is subserved by a distinct, specialised motor control system and (2) speech is holistic and cannot be decomposed into smaller primitives. Both claims have gained traction in recent literature, and are central to a task-dependent model of speech motor control...
August 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521560/making-waves-in-our-profession-using-research-to-drive-clinical-practice
#18
Anne Whitworth, Mary Claessen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425759/speech-pathology-as-the-masterchef-getting-the-right-ingredients-and-stirring-the-pot
#19
Pam Enderby
The purpose of this paper is to consider the many influences that have an impact on appropriate speech-language pathology service delivery. The competitive cooking and entertainment television program, MasterChef, is used as an analogy to consider the ingredients, blend and approach required to improve speech-language pathology services. Speech-language pathologists (SLPs) enter the profession with the aim of assisting those with communication and swallowing disorders to have a better quality of life. Thus, we should be restless to continue to improve our services in order to achieve the best influence and outcomes by changing our recipes and ingredients...
June 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28466659/effects-of-ageing-on-orofacial-fine-force-control-and-its-relationship-with-parallel-change-in-sensory-perception
#20
Nicole M Etter, Patrick O Mckeon, Emily V Dressler, Richard D Andreatta
PURPOSE: Current theoretical models suggest the importance of a bidirectional relationship between sensation and production in the vocal tract to maintain lifelong speech skills. The purpose of this study was to assess age-related changes in orofacial skilled force production and to begin defining the orofacial perception-action relationship in healthy adults. METHOD: Low-level orofacial force control measures (reaction time, rise time, peak force, mean hold force (N) and force hold SD) were collected from 60 adults (19-84 years)...
May 3, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
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