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Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27800175/isolated-left-ventricular-apical-hypoplasia-reporting-a-case-with-mild-manifestations-and-different-echocardiography-features
#1
Ahmad Mirdamadi, Samira Ashrafi
INTRODUCTION: Isolated left ventricular apical hypoplasia is an unusual type of cardiomyopathy that presents with different clinical manifestations according to the age of the disease, ranging from no symptoms in children to congestive heart failure, pulmonary edema, or even malignant tachycardia in adults. To our knowledge, only a few cases of isolated left ventricular apical hypoplasia have been reported in Asian adults. CASE PRESENTATION: Herein, we described an adult case of isolated left ventricular apical hypoplasia referred to our heart center in Isfahan, Iran in 2015 with a complaint of mild dyspnea with the absence of obvious fatty tissue in the heart's apex and an absence of any shunt, which are common findings in patients with this phenomenon...
August 2016: Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27795839/crimean-congo-hemorrhagic-fever-in-dubai-united-arab-emirates-2010-case-report
#2
Laila Mohamed Al Dabal, Mohmamed Reza Rahimi Shahmirzadi, Samar Baderldin, Ali Abro, Ali Zaki, Zulfa Dessi, Essa Al Eassa, Gulfaraz Khan, Hassan Shuri, Abid Mustafa Alwan
INTRODUCTION: Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever (CCHF) is a severe infectious disease that is not endemic in the United Arab Emirates (UAE). CASE PRESENTATION: We report two cases of confirmed CCHF diagnosed in Dubai, UAE, during Hajj season 2010. Both patients presented with an acute history of high-grade fever, skin rash, and hematemesis. CONCLUSIONS: In spite of maximal supportive measures and intravenous ribavirin therapy, both patients died within a few days from start of illness...
August 2016: Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27795838/relationship-between-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-disease-activity-index-scores-and-subclinical-cardiac-problems
#3
Zahra Mirfeizi, Hoorak Poorzand, Aida Javanbakht, Mohammad Khajedaluee
BACKGROUND: Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is an autoimmune connective-tissue disease involving multiple organs and systems. Some evidence has demonstrated that disease activity could be associated with increased risk of organ damage. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine the association between systemic lupus erythematosus Disease Activity Index (SLEDAI) scores and subclinical cardiac involvement. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 45 SLE patients (88% female; mean age: 31...
August 2016: Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27795837/effects-of-low-dose-selenium-on-the-inflammatory-response-in-coronary-artery-bypass-graft-surgery-a-clinical-trial
#4
Abbas Sedighinejad, Vali Imantalab, Ali Mirmansouri, Ali Mohammadzadeh Jouryabi, Gholamreza Kanani, Nassir Nassiri Sheikhani, Mohammad Haghighi, Zahra Atrkarroushan, Gelareh Biazar
BACKGROUND: Coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) triggers an inflammatory reaction, leading to the development of myocardial damage and dysfunction. It is suggested that selenium (Se), an essential trace element, has a protective role against oxidative stress. Decreased intraoperative Se levels might be an independent predictive factor for postoperative multiorgan failure. In spite of its proposed advantages, however, the optimal timing and dosage are not well known...
August 2016: Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27781125/torsion-of-a-giant-pedunculated-hemangioma-of-the-liver-presenting-with-acute-abdomen-a-case-report
#5
Aliasghar Darzi, Hassan Taheri, Sekineh Kamali Ahangar, Alameh Mirzapour Shafiei, Yasser Asghari
INTRODUCTION: Hemangioma is the most common benign tumor of the liver. Most cases are asymptomatic and do not require treatment. A hemangioma can rarely be pedunculated; as a result, it may undergo torsion and infarction, which can make it symptomatic. CASE PRESENTATION: We report the case of a 45-year-old woman with acute abdominal pain due to torsion of a giant pedunculated hepatic hemangioma around its vascular stalk. CONCLUSIONS: Pedunculated hemangioma of the liver is an uncommon benign tumor, a rare differential diagnosis for a mass located in the upper abdomen...
August 2016: Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27781124/systemic-manifestation-of-rotavirus-infection-in-children-a-report-of-three-cases
#6
Meltem Akcaboy, Melahat Melek Oguz, Esma Altınel Acoglu, Mehtap Acar, Pelin Zorlu, Ferda Ozbay Hosnut, Saliha Senel
INTRODUCTION: Rotavirus is a leading cause of acute gastroenteritis in children. Although the clinical complaints associated with rotavirus are generally gastrointestinal, including vomiting and diarrhea, data suggest that it can also cause symptoms that extend beyond the gastrointestinal tract. CASE PRESENTATIONS: We report three pediatric cases of rotavirus infection: one accompanied by encephalopathy and two with elevated hepatic transaminase activity. The patients were admitted to Dr...
August 2016: Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27781123/septic-cavernous-sinus-thrombosis-a-case-report
#7
Mahdieh Arian, Azadeh Kamali, Mahbubeh Tabatabaeichehr, Parisa Arashnia
INTRODUCTION: Septic cavernous sinus thrombosis (CST) is a rare condition that can result in high mortality and morbidity rates if not treated immediately. CST may be aseptic or septic. Less common primary sites of infection include the tonsils, soft palate, middle ear, and orbit. Reported cases of middle ear infection are very rare, and response to treatment is poor. CASE PRESENTATION: The present study is a case report of acute otitis media which led to septic cavernous sinus thrombosis in a 56-year-old woman in Bojnord city, North Khorasan, Iran...
August 2016: Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27781122/the-effect-of-slow-stroke-back-massage-on-the-anxiety-levels-of-iranian-women-on-the-first-postpartum-day
#8
Fereshteh Jahdi, Maryam Mehrabadi, Forough Mortazavi, Hamid Haghani
BACKGROUND: Anxiety disorder is common during the postpartum period. Back massage relaxation techniques are one of the most important nonpharmacological interventions to prevent and control postpartum-related anxiety. OBJECTIVES: To determine the effectiveness of slow-stroke back massage on the anxiety levels of primiparous mothers in the first days after delivery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This single-blind controlled clinical trial consisted of 100 primiparous mothers with normal deliveries...
August 2016: Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27781121/the-effect-of-cumin-cyminum-l-plus-lime-administration-on-weight-loss-and-metabolic-status-in-overweight-subjects-a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-clinical-trial
#9
Mohsen Taghizadeh, Mohammad Reza Memarzadeh, Fatemeh Abedi, Nasrin Sharifi, Fatemeh Karamali, Zohreh Fakhrieh Kashan, Zatollah Asemi
BACKGROUND: Limited data are available regarding the effects of combined administration of Cumin cyminum L. and lime on weight loss and metabolic profiles among subjects with overweight subjects. OBJECTIVES: The current study aimed to assess the effects of combined administration of Cumin cyminum L. and lime on weight loss and metabolic profiles among subjects with overweight. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This randomized double-blind placebo-controlled clinical trial was conducted on 72 subjects with overweight, aged 18 - 50 years old...
August 2016: Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27781120/effective-factors-on-health-promoting-lifestyle-among-iranian-chemical-veterans-in-2014-based-on-health-promotion-model-a-path-analysis
#10
Roghayeh Chenary, Azita Noroozi, Sedighe Sadat Tavafian, Maliheh Saeed Firoozabadi
BACKGROUND: Health-promoting behaviors can enhance physical and mental health among individuals with disability, particularly veterans. OBJECTIVES: The current study aimed to examine both one-way direct and indirect effects of the factors of the Health Promotion Model (HPM) on health-promoting behaviors in chemical veterans from Ilam province in Iran. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted in 2014. In this study, 239 moderate-to-severe chemical veterans from Illam province supported by the veterans' affairs department of Ilam were evaluated via census sampling...
August 2016: Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27781119/the-effect-of-orem-s-self-care-model-on-fatigue-in-patients-with-multiple-sclerosis-a-single-blind-randomized-clinical-trial-study
#11
Ardashir Afrasiabifar, Zahra Mehri, Saied Javad Sadat, Hamid Reza Ghaffarian Shirazi
BACKGROUND: Orem's self-care model is a nursing model that was introduced with the purpose of improving the self-care of individuals, especially patients suffering from chronic diseases. OBJECTIVES: To determining the effect of Orem's self-care model on fatigue in multiple sclerosis patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This research involved a clinical trial. Sixty-three multiple sclerosis patients at the vice-chancellor in treatment affairs of Yasuj University of Medical Sciences were selected based on nonrandom sampling, but they were allocated to the two groups based on random allocation...
August 2016: Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27781118/optimal-glycemic-and-hemoglobin-a1c-thresholds-for-diagnosing-diabetes-based-on-prevalence-of-retinopathy-in-an-iranian-population
#12
Naser Samadi Aidenloo, Alireza Mehdizadeh, Neda Valizadeh, Mohammad Abbaszadeh, Siavash Qarequran, Hamidreza Khalkhali
BACKGROUND: The use of glycemic thresholds for diabetes diagnosis is controversial. However, no information is available regarding glycemic and glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) thresholds for detecting diabetic retinopathy (DR) in the Iranian population. OBJECTIVES: The main purpose of the current investigation was to examine the association of fasting plasma glucose (FPG) and HbA1c levels with diabetic retinopathy (DR), and to determine the relevant cut-off levels in an Iranian population...
August 2016: Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27781117/determinants-of-tobacco-and-hookah-smoking-in-a-nationally-representative-sample-of-iranian-children-and-adolescents-the-caspian-iv-study
#13
Roya Kelishadi, Ramin Heshmat, Armindokht Shahsanai, Shirin Djalalinia, Mohammad Esmaeil Motlagh, Mojtaba Keikha, Gelayol Ardalan, Fereshteh Najafi, Maliheh Khoramdad, Hamid Asayesh, Mostafa Qorbani
BACKGROUND: The consumption of tobacco through a hookah is growing in popularity, especially among children and adolescents, but little is known about the determinants of hookah smoking. OBJECTIVES: The current study aimed to assess the determinants of tobacco smoking and hookah smoking in a nationally representative sample of Iranian children and adolescents. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This study was conducted as part of the fourth cross-sectional survey of a national school-based program...
August 2016: Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27781116/case-report-of-a-patient-undergoing-peritoneal-dialysis-with-encapsulating-peritoneal-sclerosis-superimposed-with-calciphylaxis
#14
Jun Li Tsai, Ming Ju Wu, Cheng Hsu Chen, Shang Feng Tsai
INTRODUCTION: Encapsulating peritoneal sclerosis (EPS) is a rare but devastating complication of peritoneal dialysis (PD). Tamoxifen has been generally well-tolerated, even without randomized controlled trials. CASE PRESENTATION: Herein, we report a case of a patient undergoing 12 years of PD who developed EPS and calciphylaxis simultaneously. We also provide a comprehensive discussion about the association between EPS and calciphylaxis. Moreover, although tamoxifen is used in EPS due to its inhibition of fibroblast-transforming growth factor beta (TGFβ) production, it may worsen the calciphylaxis due to a hypercoagulable state...
August 2016: Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27781115/unexpected-rupture-of-a-giant-lobulated-thrombotic-middle-cerebral-artery-aneurysm-and-emergency-surgical-treatment-with-thrombectomy-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#15
Vaner Koksal, Selim Kayaci
INTRODUCTION: The treatment of giant intracranial aneurysms is one of the most challenging cerebrovascular problems of neurosurgery. We report the rupture of a giant, lobulated, and almost completely thrombosed middle cerebral artery (MCA) aneurysm that is the ninth such report in the literature. We also investigated additional solutions used in the treatment of this patient. CASE PRESENTATION: A 58-year-old man had been admitted with headache 8 years previously (in 2005), and a giant MCA aneurysm was detected...
August 2016: Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27781114/coenzyme-q10-ameliorates-trimethyltin-chloride-neurotoxicity-in-experimental-model-of-injury-in-dentate-gyrus-of-hippocampus-a-histopathological-and-behavioral-study
#16
Mohammad Hassan Sakhaie, Mansoureh Soleimani, Vahid Pirhajati, Sara Soleimani Asl, Zahra Madjd, Mehdi Mehdizadeh
BACKGROUND: Coenzyme Q10 has antioxidative and free radical scavenging effects. CoQ10 supplementation is known to have neuroprotective effects in some neurodegenerative diseases, such as Parkinson's disease and Huntington's disease. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate both histopathologic and behavioral whether Coenzyme Q10 is protective against trimethyltin chloride (TMT) induced hippocampal damage. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was an experimental study...
August 2016: Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27781113/familial-aggregation-of-metabolic-syndrome-with-different-socio-behavioral-characteristics-the-fourth-phase-of-tehran-lipid-and-glucose-study
#17
Maryam Zarkesh, Golaleh Asghari, Parisa Amiri, Nima Hosseinzadeh, Mehdi Hedayati, Arash Ghanbarian, Fereidoun Azizi
BACKGROUND: Since genetic and most environmental factors shape the context of families, some studies have been initiated to investigate the role of familial relationships in metabolic syndrome (MetS). OBJECTIVES: To estimate the familial aggregation of MetS and its components by identifying both case and control probands among Tehranian adults with different socio-behavioral and reproductive characteristics. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This case-controlled/family-based study was conducted on 1,777 families (635 case probands) who participated in the Tehran Lipid and Glucose Study (TLGS)...
August 2016: Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27781112/nutritional-education-needs-in-relation-to-ramadan-fasting-and-its-complications-in-tehran-iran
#18
Zhaleh Shadman, Mahdieh Akhoundan, Nooshin Poorsoltan, Mohsen Khoshniat Nikoo, Bagher Larijani, Camelia Akhgar Zhand, Mozhdeh Soleymanzadeh, Zahra Alsadat Seyed Rohani, Zahra Jamshidi
BACKGROUND: Ramadan fasting is associated with some lifestyle changes. A lack of nutritional needs knowledge or the improper performance of fasting, particularly in relation to time, type and amount of food intake, can cause disorders such as indigestion, bloating, constipation, headaches and other clinical problems. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the general knowledge regarding dietary factors associated with Ramadan fasting and its related complications. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This prospective, non-interventional, observational study was conducted from April to July, 2012 to coincide with the month before and the month of Ramadan...
August 2016: Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27781111/comparison-of-hydrogel-produced-by-radiation-as-applied-at-the-research-center-yazd-branch-with-maxgel-and-routine-dressing-for-second-degree-burn-repair-in-yazd-burn-hospital
#19
Mohammad Taghi Noorbala, Mohammad Noorbala, Mohammad Hossein Dashti-Rahmatabadi, Mahdi Noorbala, Roghaye Noorbala, Behare Mozaffary
BACKGROUND: Recently, the radiation application research center for the atomic energy organization of Yazd (Iran) has developed a hydrogel dressing which was evaluated for quality and safety in 2008. Its efficacy for assisting in the wound healing process was approved for animal use, and its use has proven to be more effective than a related Syrian material. OBJECTIVES: We have already confirmed the safety and efficacy of Irgel use on mice (1, 2), so this study was conducted in order to further evaluate its effectiveness on human burn wounds, and to compare its efficacy with MaxGel, another hydrogel...
August 2016: Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27781110/why-fever-phobia-is-still-common
#20
Suzan Gunduz, Esma Usak, Tulin Koksal, Metin Canbal
BACKGROUND: Fever is a reliable sign of illness, but it also evokes fear and anxiety. It is not the fever itself but the fear of possible complications and accompanying symptoms that is important for pediatricians and parents. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to investigate maternal understanding of fever, its potential consequences, and impacts on the treatment of children. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A questionnaire was use to explore the attitudes, knowledge, and practices of mothers of 861 children brought to four medical centers in different regions of Turkey in 2012, with fever being the chief complaint...
August 2016: Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal
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