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Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal

Shabnam Niroumand, Maliheh Dadgarmoghaddam, Babak Eghbali, Maryam Abrishami, Arash Gholoobi, Hamid Reza Bahrami Taghanaki, Mohammad Khajedaluee
BACKGROUND: Diabetes mellitus is assumed to be a strong risk factor for cardiovascular diseases (CVD) and is frequently associated with other CVD risk factors. OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were to assess the prevalence of different patterns of dyslipidemia in individuals with diabetes compared with non-diabetic subjects and evaluate other accompanied CVD risk factors between the two groups. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This was an analytical cross-sectional study on 230 participants, aged 28 - 66 years old, who were referred to different urban health centers of Khorasan Razavi province (north-east of Iran)...
August 2016: Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal
Iraj Salimikia, Hamid Reza Monsef-Esfahani, Ahmad Reza Gohari, Mehrnoosh Salek
BACKGROUND: Salvia, known as Maryam Goli in the Persian language, is an important genus that includes approximately 900 species in the Lamiaceae family. There are 58 Salvia species growing naturally in Iran, including Salvia chloroleuca Rech. f. and Allen., which grows wild in the northeastern and central parts of the country. OBJECTIVES: This study was designed to determine the chemical composition, in vitro antioxidant activity, and total phenol content of various extracts of S...
August 2016: Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal
Shokrollah Zandi, Razyeh Ahmad Zadeh, Sayedeh Reyhaneh Yousefi, Fardin Gharibi
BACKGROUND: Warts are common dermatological lesion caused by skin epithelial cells' infection with human Papillomavirus (HPV). OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to assess the efficacy of a new method for the treatment of dermal warts. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In this clinical trial study, 60 patients (older than 10 years) with dermal warts living in Baneh city, west of Iran, were allocated into the intervention and control groups using the block randomized method in 2012...
August 2016: Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal
Hossein Saremi, Reza Shahryar-Kamrani, Bahareh Ghane, Alireza Yavarikia
BACKGROUND: Nonunion of distal radius fractures is disabling. Treatment is difficult and the results are not predictable. However, posterior interosseous bone flap (PIBF) has been successful in treating forearm nonunion. OBJECTIVES: To treat distal radius fracture nonunion with PIBF as a new procedure. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This prospective non-randomized cohort study was performed at two hospitals in Tehran between January 2011 and September 2015...
July 2016: Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal
Reza Shahryar-Kamrani, Hossein Saremi, Leila Oryadi-Zanjani, Mohammad Hossein Nabian, Azita Amoozadeh, Amir Hossein Moradi
BACKGROUND: Evolving wrist arthroscopy requires creating new portals, and creating portals reciprocally leads to increased indications for arthroscopic wrist procedures. To facilitate access to the lunate bone and fossa for new arthroscopic procedures, a new portal was used. This is a cadaveric study of this portal. OBJECTIVES: In this cadaveric study, we evaluated a portal in wrist arthroscopy for procedures involving the lunate bone and lunate fossa. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seventeen wrists from 10 fresh cadavers were included in this study...
July 2016: Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal
Reza Ghanei Gheshlagh, Kourosh Sayehmiri, Abbas Ebadi, Asghar Dalvandi, Sahar Dalvand, Kian Nourozi Tabrizi
CONTEXT: Resilience can be seen as an adaption to stress, such as that caused by health problems or disease, that attenuates the negative effects of stress. The present research performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to study resilience scores among adults diagnosed with chronic physical diseases. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: Electronic databases, including Persian language (scientific information database [SID], IranMedex, Magiran, IranDoc, and Medlib) and English language (Google Scholar, Science Direct, PubMed, Pre-Quest, and Scopus), were searched...
July 2016: Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal
Fariba Nikan, Mohammad Asghari Jafarabadi, Sakineh Mohammad-Alizadeh-Charandabi, Mojgan Mirghafourvand, Ali Montazeri, Sonia Asadi
BACKGROUND: There are some specific measures for the evaluation of postpartum quality of life, and each have some limitations. OBJECTIVES: This study investigated the validity and reliability of the Persian version of a postpartum women's quality of life (PQOL) questionnaire at the eighth week of postpartum. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This was a methodological research, and subjects were 500 women, ages 18 - 42, eight weeks postpartum, randomly selected from half of the public centers in Tabriz, Iran, who completed questionnaires in a self-administered manner...
July 2016: Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal
Mohsen Rashidi, Seyed Ali Ziai, Taraneh Moini Zanjani, Ahad Khalilnezhad, Hamidreza Jamshidi, Davar Amani
BACKGROUND: Resistance to chemotherapy is a growing concern, thus natural anticancer agents are drawing the attention of many scientists and clinicians. One natural anticancer agent, umbelliprenin, is a coumarin produced by many species of Ferula. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to examine the inhibitory effect of umbelliprenin on human and mouse bone marrow-derived stem cells (BMDSCs), peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs), and different cancer cell lines. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this in vitro experimental study, the HT29, CT26, MCF-7, 4T1, A172, and GL26 cancer cells and human and mouse BMDSCs and PBMCs were cultured in RPMI-1640 medium supplemented with 10% fetal bovine serum (FBS), incubated at 37°C for 24 hours in a 5% CO2 atmosphere, and then were treated with different concentrations of umbelliprenin dissolved in dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) (3, 6, 12, 25, 50, 100, and 200 µg/mL) for 24, 48, and 72 hours at 37°C...
July 2016: Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal
Maryam Nakhaei, Hamid Reza Khankeh, Gholam Reza Masoumi, Mohammad Ali Hosseini, Zohreh Parsa-Yekta
BACKGROUND: Since life recovery after disasters is a subjective and multifaceted construct influenced by different factors, and survivors' main concerns and experiences are not clear, the researchers intended to explore this process. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was conducted in 2011 - 2014 based on the grounded theory approach. Participants were selected by purposeful sampling followed by theoretical sampling to achieve conceptual and theoretical saturation...
July 2016: Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal
Somayyeh Mokhber, Paria Zargham Ravanbakhsh, Fatemeh Jesmi, Mohadeseh Pishgahroudsari, Atefeh Ghanbari Jolfaei, Abdolreza Pazouki
BACKGROUND: Obesity, particularly morbid obesity, has various physical and mental complications. Excessive daytime somnolence (EDS) is a sleep disorder that reduces individuals' performance capability and the accuracy of their short-term memory and causes learning problems. This retrospective study aimed to document the presence of EDS in a sample of obese patients in comparison to patients with a normal weight. OBJECTIVES: This article compares the excessive daytime sleepiness of obese and non-obese patients in the minimally invasive surgery research center in Tehran, Iran...
July 2016: Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal
Kalkan Asim, Yeniocak Selman, Yazici Suleyman, Karcioglu Ozgur, Bilir Ozlem, Ersunan Gokhan
INTRODUCTION: Lithium overdose can be associated with cardiac toxicity, especially in those with underlying heart disease. Toxic levels of serum lithium are associated with cardiotoxic effects ranging from simple ECG disorders to dysrhythmias, cardiomyopathy and even acute myocardial infarction (AMI). This report describes a patient with AMI accompanied by high blood levels of lithium. CASE PRESENTATION: A 62-year-old woman was admitted to the emergency department due to weakness and acute chest pain...
July 2016: Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal
Afsaneh Tehranian, Bahareh Esfehani-Mehr, Reihaneh Pirjani, Negar Rezaei, Somaye Sadat Heidary, Mahdi Sepidarkish
BACKGROUND: Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) is a human plasma product enriched by platelets, growth factors, and fibrinogen with high hemostatic and healing properties. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of autologous PRP on wound healing in high-risk women undergoing cesarean sections. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In this balanced, randomized, and controlled trial, 140 patients were admitted to Arash women's hospital, Tehran, Iran from May of 2013 to November of 2014 for elective cesarean surgery...
July 2016: Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal
Vahid Amini, Hossein Kazemian, Jalil Kardan Yamchi, Seifu Gizaw Feyisa, Saeed Aslani, Aref Shavalipour, Hamidreza Houri, Mohammadneshvan Hoorijani, Mehrdad Halaji, Hamid Heidari
BACKGROUND: Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium (S. Typhimurium) causes gastroenteritis in humans and paratyphoid disease in some animals. Given the emergence of antibiotic resistance, vaccines are more effective than chemotherapy in disease control. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this experimental study was to evaluate the immunogenicity of diphtheria toxoid (DT) conjugated with S. Typhimurium -derived OPS (O side chain isolation) in mice to determine its potential as a vaccine candidate against salmonellosis...
July 2016: Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal
Mohammad Reza Esmaeilidooki, Seyyed Ali Mozaffarpur, Mohaddese Mirzapour, Hoda Shirafkan, Mohammad Kamalinejad, Ali Bijani
BACKGROUND: There are few effective drugs for pediatric functional constipation (FC). OBJECTIVES: Comparing the effectiveness of Cassia fistula's emulsion (CFE) with Polyethylene glycol (PEG4000) in FC; and evaluation of safety of both drugs in the treatment of FC. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A randomized open label, prospective, controlled, parallel-group clinical trial was carried on 109 children (M/F: 63/46; mean age ± SD: 59.7 ± 28.8 months) in Amirkola children's hospital, Babol, Iran...
July 2016: Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal
Ozgul Yigit, Meltem Erol, Ozlem Bostan Gayret, Isıl Ustun, Selami Ulas
INTRODUCTION: Tuberculosis remains a major public health problem in developing countries. Diagnosing extrapulmonary tuberculosis can be difficult, as it requires a higher index of suspicion than primary tuberculosis. Extrapulmonary tuberculosis may mimic malignancies and many other diseases, so it should be included in the differential diagnosis. Here, we present a case of extrapulmonary tuberculosis associated with Pott's disease and hip arthritis in a patient who recovered after 12 months of antituberculosis therapy...
July 2016: Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal
Vaner Koksal, Selim Kayaci, Recep Bedir
INTRODUCTION: Osteomas are benign bone tumors. They generally lead to a local thickness on the frontal bone in calvarium. When they occur on the forehead, they often cause a cosmetic disorder without any neurological symptoms. The significant problem is the repair method of the cranium defect. CASE PRESENTATION: The rib of a 34-year-old female was split and used for a small cranium defect of 3 × 3.5 cm. The preferred method and the obtained results were presented under the guidance of the literature...
July 2016: Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal
Alireza Ghorbanibirgani, Masoud Fallahi-Khoshknab, Kourosh Zarea, Heidarali Abedi
BACKGROUND: Psoriasis is a common, chronic skin disease that causes challenges such as stigma and labeling from both the community and individuals due to its effects on appearance. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to describe and explain the social stigma and rejection experienced by patients with psoriasis. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The present research is a qualitative study with a hermeneutic phenomenological approach conducted among psoriasis patients referring to the dermatology clinic and ward of Imam Khomeini hospital in Ahvaz, Iran between June and December 2014...
July 2016: Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal
Habibollah Faraji, Hamed Mirzaei, Davoud Afshar, Pegah Nouri, Keyvan Roshanjo, Ali Mohamadi Bardebari, Hamid Reza Mirzaei
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal
Hadi Ansarihadipour, Mohamadreza Bayatiani
BACKGROUND: Electromagnetic fields (EMF) are associated with oxidative stress, which is in turn associated with reactive oxygen species (ROS), anemia, and hypoxia. OBJECTIVES: This study focused on the synergistic effects of lead ions and EMF on oxidative modifications in hemoglobin (Hb) and plasma proteins. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In this experimental study, the blood samples were obtained from age- and sex-matched healthy subjects at Arak University of Medical Sciences, Arak, Iran...
July 2016: Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal
Rezvan Emamvirdi, Navidreza Hosseinzadeh Asl, Filiz Fatma Colakoglu
BACKGROUND: Health-related quality of life (HRQoL) is an important determinant in a person's life. OBJECTIVES: In this study aimed at physical education students, alcohol consumption and smoking as risk factors and sports as a healthy factor could affect HRQoL. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This study was an analytical cross-sectional study. For our purpose, the subjects (n = 519) were asked to answer the SF-36 questionnaire (short form health survey for HRQOL)...
July 2016: Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal
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