Read by QxMD icon Read

Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery

Carllini Barroso Vicentini, Juliana Cama Ramacciato, Francisco Carlos Groppo, Rubens Gonçalves Teixeira, Rogério Heládio Lopes Motta
PURPOSE: The aim of the present study was to compare two therapeutic protocols of dexamethasone for the prevention of postoperative swelling, pain, and other complications after the extraction of impacted third molars, in a prospective, randomized, crossover, double-blinded clinical trial. METHODS: Fifty patients with symmetrical impaction of third molars were randomly assigned to two different protocols of dexamethasone for each side. Patients underwent two sessions performed at a 21-day interval...
March 13, 2018: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Paul C Mathai, Neelam N Andrade, Neha Aggarwal, Shibani Nerurkar, Prathmesh Kapoor
Bisphosphonate-induced osteonecrosis of the jaw [BIONJ] is a relatively new pathological condition which was first described in the year 2003. The prevalence of BIONJ in patients on oral formulations is around 0.05% within the first 3 years and increases up to 0.2% after 4 years of consumption. Proven systemic risk factors like anemia, uncontrolled diabetes, corticosteroid therapy, and chemotherapy in neoplastic diseases [e.g., high doses of methotrexate up to 30 mg daily] significantly increase the chances of acquiring BIONJ...
March 5, 2018: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Daniel Schneider, Kai Goppold, Peer W Kaemmerer, Gerhard Schoen, Michael Woehlke, Reinhard Bschorer
PURPOSE: Ultrasonic scalpel (UC) and monopolar electrocautery (ME) are standard equipment for soft tissue surgery. The aim of the present study was to compare intraoperative and postoperative patterns of patients using either UC or ME for skin incisions in neck dissection. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In a prospective randomized study of 30 patients, the thermal effects of UC (n = 15) and ME (n = 15) were examined using real-time infrared thermographic imaging...
February 28, 2018: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Anshul Rai, Anuj Jain, Abhay Datarkar
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to compare the efficacy of single versus two non-compression miniplates in the management of unfavourable angle fracture of mandible. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 28 patients who required open reduction of mandibular angle fracture were included in the study. The patients were randomly divided into two groups. Group I comprised of patients treated with two miniplates and those in group II were treated with single non-compression miniplate...
February 19, 2018: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Rodrigo Dos Santos Pereira, Jonathan Ribeiro da Silva, João Paulo Bonardi, Eduardo Hochuli-Vieira
The removal of displaced dental elements from deep anatomical spaces is a condition that requires the knowledge of the region and skills to perform the procedure. The lateral pharyngeal space contains important structures such as the internal carotid artery and close proximity with the cranium basis. The aim of this paper is to report a clinical case of a lower third molar displaced to the lateral pharyngeal space after a mandibular angle fracture and its treatment by surgical intervention. The tooth was removed under general anesthesia by direct approach and the fracture was reduced and fixed with a plate and screws...
February 18, 2018: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Marcelo Bonifácio da Silva Sampieri, Francisca Lívia Parente Viana, Camila Lopes Cardoso, Márcia Ferreira Vasconcelos, Maria Helena Ferreira Vasconcelos, Eduardo Sanches Gonçales
OBJECTIVES: The root anatomy and position of mandibular third molars are important factors in assessing the level of difficulty of surgical removal procedures. In this light, this study aims to identify the most frequent position and the root anatomy of mandibular third molars. METHODS: The study sample comprised 1205 mandibular third molars from 710 panoramic radiographs evaluated. Regarding the position, all of them were based on Pell and Gregory's and Winter's classifications...
February 15, 2018: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Fernando Zugno Kulczynski, Fernando de Oliveira Andriola, Pedro Henrique Deon, Denizar Alberto da Silva Melo, Rogério Miranda Pagnoncelli
PURPOSE: This study aimed to assess body posture before and after bimaxillary orthognathic surgery by photogrammetry in skeletal class III patients. METHODS: Thirty-one patients with skeletal class III dentofacial deformities (14 men, 17 women) who underwent orthodontic preparation for surgery were included in this non-randomized controlled trial. Of these, 15 who did not undergo orthognathic surgery during the period of this study served as controls. Postural assessment was performed by photogrammetry using SAPO® (Postural Assessment Software) based on anterior-, posterior-, and lateral-view images taken 1 month before and 4 months after bimaxillary orthognathic surgery with internal rigid fixation (or 4 months after the initial assessment, for the control group)...
February 13, 2018: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
N Girish Kumar, Rupanzal Chaudhary, Ish Kumar, Srimathy S Arora, Nilesh Kumar, Hem Singh
AIM: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of Platelet Rich Fibrin (PRF) as a socket plug with or without use of Plaster of Paris (POP) as bone substitute to preserve the alveolar ridge post-extraction. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A prospective randomised single blind controlled study, was conducted for 18 months from November 2014 to May 2016 on 48 patients requiring extraction. All teeth were extracted atraumatically using periotomes and luxators without raising mucoperiosteal flap...
February 6, 2018: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Luigi Angelo Vaira, Olindo Massarelli, Roberta Gobbi, Andrea Biglio, Giacomo De Riu
BACKGROUND: The sensitive restoration is a primary aim of oral reconstructive surgery. The Semmes-Weinstein monofilament test is the "Gold Standard" to assess the threshold of tactile sensitivity on the skin but its use in the oral cavity is limited due to the size of the tools. We adopted half-cut Semmes-Weinstein monofilaments to evaluate the threshold of tactile sensitivity in oral reconstructions with buccinator myomucosal flaps. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Monofilaments were half-cut and recalibrated...
February 2, 2018: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
M Y Sharaf, S I Ibrahim, A E Eskander, A F Shaker
PURPOSE: To assess the ability of prosthetic rehabilitation versus surgical rehabilitation in improving the QOL for patients with maxillary defects. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A systematic search of PubMed, Scopus data base, Cochrane database, Ovid database, and Latin America & Caribbean database for articles published before September 2017 was performed by two independent reviewers. A manual search of articles published from January 2000 to September 2017 was also conducted...
January 31, 2018: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Akshay Mishra, Monica Mahajan, Chandrashekhar Bande, Ajit Joshi, Mayur Gawande, M K Gupta
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to find a suitable anesthetic combination for complicated and protracted minor oral surgical procedures. METHODS: Fifty patients with bilaterally impacted deep-seated mandibular third molars were included in this study and randomly divided on the basis of anesthetic used into two groups. Group A received 2% lignocaine with 1:200,000 adrenaline while in group B, amalgamated mixture of 2% lignocaine and 0.5% bupivacaine was used...
January 23, 2018: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Orion Luiz Haas, Neimar Scolari, Lucas da Silva Meirelles, André Xavier Favoretto, Rogério Belle de Oliveira
PURPOSE: Sialolithiasis is defined as the presence of one or more calcified structures within the duct of a major or minor salivary gland. It occurs as a result of deposition of calcium salts around an accumulation of organic debris in the duct lumen. The main signs and symptoms are edema and bacterial infection with abscess formation. METHODS: This study aimed to report two cases of submandibular sialolithiasis treated surgically with diode laser and conduct a review of the literature by means of a systematic search...
January 22, 2018: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Vinícius Tatsumoto Favarini, Carlos Alysson Aragão Lima, Rogério Almeida da Silva, Fábio Ricardo Loureiro Sato
PURPOSE: Studies on preemptive analgesia in maxillofacial surgery have shown several controversial clinical results, mainly due to the absence of a methodological standard, besides a wide variety of studied drugs. This study intended to answer the following hypothesis: Is the administration of dipyrone preemptively capable of decreasing trans- and postoperative pain in the third molar surgical extraction? METHODS: A pilot prospective double-blind placebo-controlled study was carried out with 25 patients submitted to the third molar surgical extraction at two moments, one side in each intervention...
January 20, 2018: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Lucas Cavalieri-Pereira, Guilherme Spagnol, Cássio Edvard Sverzut, Márcio de Moraes, Alexandre Elias Trivellato
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the resistance of four fixation techniques used to treat subcondylar fractures. The following techniques were evaluated: fixation with one 4-hole single straight plate; fixation with one 2-mm 4-hole system plate and one 1.5-mm 3-hole system plate; fixation with two 2-mm plates with a 3-hole anterior plate; and fixation with two 2-mm plates with four holes each. STUDY DESIGN: Each fixation technique was subjected to a resistance test...
January 17, 2018: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Sven Holger Baum, Christopher Mohr
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate which primary tumours metastasize on the head and neck region, identify the kind of clinical manifestation, the types of diagnostics that should be performed, and prove that the therapy appears possible and useful. PATIENTS: As many as 91 patients with a distant metastasis on the head and neck were enrolled in this retrospective clinical study from January 2004 to September 2016. All the patients were evaluated for clinical symptoms, primary tumour, localization, diagnostics, and surgical procedure...
January 17, 2018: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Anshul Rai, Anuj Jain, Nitin Nagarkar, Manal Khan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 16, 2018: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Johanna Snäll, Jyrki Törnwall, Anna Liisa Suominen, Hanna Thorén
PURPOSE: To clarify pre- and postoperative C-reactive protein (CRP) levels in patients with facial fractures and to investigate the influence of perioperatively administered dexamethasone on postoperative CRP levels. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Facial fracture patients were randomized to receive perioperatively a total dose of 30 mg of dexamethasone (Oradexon®), whereas patients in the control group received no glucocorticoid. The analysis included patients who had CRP measured pre- and postoperatively...
January 16, 2018: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Glyndwr W Jenkins, Robert Isaac, Shakir Mustafa
INTRODUCTION: Human bite injuries can be challenging in their presentation to the examining physician. In a study by Merchant et al., 18% of patients presenting with a human bite injury had suffered wounds to the head and neck region. Current trends in their initial management at presentation to emergency departments throughout England and Wales will be discussed in this paper. MATERIALS AND METHOD: A postal survey was sent out to 100 A&E lead clinicians. This was followed up by telephone enquiries to improve the response rate...
January 14, 2018: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Endang Sjamsudin, Tantry Maulina, Ahmad Cipta, Aulia Iskandarsyah, Andri Hardianto, Mantra Nandini, Alwin Kasim, Harmas Yazid Yusuf
PURPOSE: Depending on its stage on diagnosis, oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) might cause excruciating pain and decreased quality of life. As for treatment, the treatment of OSCC might vary from chemotherapy to surgery. The objective of the current study was to assess the preoperative and postoperative oral cancer pain, anxiety, and quality of life of OSCC patients with invasive treatment procedure. METHODS: The current study was conducted by interviewing 21 (10 males; 11 females) patients who had been diagnosed with stage 3 and stage 4 OSCC and about to go through surgery at the inpatient ward of Surgical Oncology Department, Hasan Sadikin Hospital, Bandung, Indonesia...
January 13, 2018: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Erik Nout, Maurice Y Mommaerts
CONTEXT: Cranioplasty is a frequently performed procedure that uses a variety of reconstruction materials and techniques. In this technical note, we present refinements of computer-aided design-computer-aided manufacturing inlay cranioplasty. OBJECTIVE, DESIGN, AND SETTING: In an attempt to decrease complications related to polyether-ether-ketone (PEEK) cranioplasty, we gradually made changes to implant design and cranioplasty techniques. These changes include under-contouring of the implant and the use of segmented plates for large defects, microplate fixation for small temporal defects, temporal shell implants to reconstruct the temporalis muscle, and perforations to facilitate the drainage of blood and cerebrospinal fluid and serve as fixation points...
January 8, 2018: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"