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Integrative Psychological & Behavioral Science

Jörg Lehmann, Elisabeth Huber
This article elaborates on the meaning of "context" for data created in interdisciplinary research on emotions. Particularly with regard to the potential reuse of scientific data, the elicitation of contexts can contribute to a better assessment of emotion data. Beyond a discussion of social scientific conceptualizations of "context" focusing on the situational and cultural contexts and their respective interrelations, this article presents the findings of an empirical study on datafication processes in interdisciplinary emotion research...
December 6, 2018: Integrative Psychological & Behavioral Science
Alexander Poddiakov
In the commentary to Jens Mammen's book A New Logical Foundation for Psychology (2017), three issues are discussed. The first one concerns possible interrelations of: (a) others' irreplaceability and existential irretrievability rigorously proved by Mammen; and (b) morality and attitudes to the others. Lem's criticism of Heidegger's existential philosophy, which paradoxically ignores mass homicide, is discussed in the context of topology of being. Different attitudes to the other as irreplaceable and irretrievable (e...
November 27, 2018: Integrative Psychological & Behavioral Science
Richard E Webb, Philip J Rosenbaum
Instead of considering procrastination as a unitary construct we argue that it takes different forms and has multiple explanations and determinants. While it is fair to consider procrastination a cognitive focusing issue, we posit that the motivational sources for this vary depending on where someone can be located with regard to the "existential" developmental positions that have been explicated over many years by Object Relations clinical theorists: the autistic-contiguous, paranoid-schizoid, depressive, and transcendental...
November 14, 2018: Integrative Psychological & Behavioral Science
Sílvia Cavalcante, Cintia Rodríguez, Eduardo Martí
Studies on cardinality date back many years, and it remains a current research issue today. Indeed, despite the many findings on the topic, there is still controversy surrounding when and how children understand cardinality. The main studies on this understanding employs the "how many" question in situations involving the quantification of objects, analyzing the relationship between counting and cardinality. In the present study, we argue that it is essential to consider how cardinality is used in the context in which it arises, including the in- depth consideration of semiotic, social, and pragmatic dimensions, in order to fully comprehend the topic...
October 29, 2018: Integrative Psychological & Behavioral Science
Vladimer Lado Gamsakhurdia
I further develop the dialogical self theory (DST) by elaborating on temporal dimensions, emphasizing the human need for self-presentation. The self is seen as the subjective center of a multicentered semiotic net, one that mediates between the past and future. A person is an operational entity that occasionally reconstructs him- or herself through the negotiation of internal and external "I-positions." The conceptual differentiation of a future time zone is proposed by means of elaborating on the zone of distant development (ZDD)...
October 19, 2018: Integrative Psychological & Behavioral Science
Wan-Shuai Liu, Xiao-Wen Li, Yu-Mei Zou
Teachers' development is a coordinated and systematic process of external behavior and internal states. Motivation is a reflection of teachers' states and levels of development. Intrinsic motivation is an ideal motivation to support teachers' high-level development. This study selected and interviewed teachers who would enter the intrinsic motivation phase Change and development mechanism of motivation was analyzed. From case analysis, it is found that teachers' extrinsic motivation can be transformed into intrinsic motivation...
October 18, 2018: Integrative Psychological & Behavioral Science
Constance de Saint-Laurent, Sandra Obradović
Collective memory has become an increasingly important topic in social and human sciences over the past thirty years. Beyond the interest for how we understand history, collective memory research has explored how the past has been used to defend certain understandings of the world (for instance nationalist ideologies), political actions (as in the case of intractable conflicts), or collective identities (particularly when they are seen as reflecting the historical 'essence' of a national group). That is, how the history is used as a resource for the present...
October 6, 2018: Integrative Psychological & Behavioral Science
Alaric Kohler
This review of Mammen's new book (2017), provides a brief summary of the first part, stressing the main points of the author's constructive critique of the unfortunate issues psychology inherited from the atomistic mechanism of classical physics. Driving the discussion on the ontological level, Mammen briefly shows how nowadays natural sciences provide the main components psychology needs to overcome the everlasting crisis of psychology since its constitution as a science: discontinuity, contextuality, etc...
October 4, 2018: Integrative Psychological & Behavioral Science
Pablo Fossa, Nicolás Gonzalez, Francesca Cordero Di Montezemolo
The objective of this work was to develop a comprehensive model of inner mental activity's trajectories. For this purpose, a review of updated research was conducted on the wandering mind topic - a phenomenon that has been recently conceptualized and that has become a focus of interest in cognitive sciences - alongside early psychological postulates on the inner speech phenomenon that were brought back to the surface of scientific literature. In summary, this article presents a reformulation of the spontaneous thought model by Andrews-Hanna et al...
October 3, 2018: Integrative Psychological & Behavioral Science
Kristine Jensen de López
The original version of this article unfortunately contained a mistake. The name of "Kristine Jensen de López" was incorrectly tagged.
October 1, 2018: Integrative Psychological & Behavioral Science
Christine Mohr, Lise Lesaffre, Gustav Kuhn
Beliefs in supernatural entities are integral parts of both our culturally embedded religions and more individualized magical belief systems (e.g., paranormal beliefs, spirituality). Scholars regularly link the occurrence of beliefs to individuals' cognitive and affective ways of information processing. For magical beliefs in particular, we expect children to endorse them. When reaching adulthood, however, individuals should have abandoned magical beliefs, and become pragmatic, sceptical, critical and rational thinkers...
September 24, 2018: Integrative Psychological & Behavioral Science
Jensine I Nedergaard
Role differences in healthcare systems are the very foundation of communication in this specific field of environment. It has to be understood as a collective corporation between collective individuals and thus connect through intertwined border zones. These border zones between collective communicators holds the notions of individuality, which is represented in the ability to decipher and negotiate the multiple layers in the communicative border zone. These processes in border zones of persons - in relation with others - are dealt with by the Semiotic Skin Theory...
September 20, 2018: Integrative Psychological & Behavioral Science
Peter J Giordano, J Eason Taylor, Hannah E Branthwaite
In two commentaries, Kostromina and Grishina (2018) and Mironenko (2018) offered constructive thoughts and questions in response to an article by Giordano (2018, Culture & Psychology, 23, 502-518) on the merits of an approach to understanding individual personality that focuses on the processes rather than structures of personality. In this reply, the authors seek to clarify some of the points made in the original article. The authors also describe a personality process-structure duality, whereby personality is conceptualized in terms of processes or structures based on the methods used to study it...
December 2018: Integrative Psychological & Behavioral Science
Martin E Morf
Psychologists generally reject the reductionist, physicalist, "nothing but" stance of the natural sciences. At the same time they consider their discipline a science and wonder why it does not enjoy the status (and funding) of the natural sciences. Ferguson American Psychologist, 70, 527-542 (2015), Lilienfeld American Psychologist, 67, 111-129 (2012), and Schwartz et al. American Psychologist, 71, 52-70 (2016) are among those who adopt a soft naturalism of nonreductive physicalism which declares, or implies, that when it comes to humans, there is more than what the natural sciences can unravel...
December 2018: Integrative Psychological & Behavioral Science
Dan Lund Hvidtfeldt, Lene Tanggaard
The purpose of the present article is to contribute to the development of a socio-material, situated conceptualization of creativity, in exploring music making as it becomes meaningful in performative emergence processes of the digital age. It uses the creative practices of musicians to analyse and discuss the qualities of 'digital materials' in a creative setting, today very often playing a critical role in the production and performance of music. Methodologically, the analysis is based on interviews with professional musicians performing at Roskilde Festival and observations inspired by the autoethnographic approach...
December 2018: Integrative Psychological & Behavioral Science
Kristiina Uriko
The objective of this paper is to analyze how the maternal bond in first-time pregnant women emerges from bodily experiences in the pre-semiotic level and leads to the emergence of the semiotic field. The bond as a sign field is internally structured and enables the regulation of connections with other signs outside the field. As a result of the dialogue between biological and sociocultural imperatives, sociocultural meanings are turned into personal meanings and presented by women through behavior. This study is based on longitudinally-collected interview data consisting of six interviews with women from the time they were pregnant until their child turned one year old...
December 2018: Integrative Psychological & Behavioral Science
Henrik Skaug Sætra
We now live in the era of big data, and according to its proponents, big data is poised to change science as we know it. Claims of having no theory and no ideology are made, and there is an assumption that the results of big data are trustworthy because it is considered free from human judgement, which is often considered inextricably linked with human error. These two claims lead to the idea that big data is the source of better scientific knowledge, through more objectivity, more data, and better analysis...
December 2018: Integrative Psychological & Behavioral Science
J Shashi Kiran Reddy, Sisir Roy
The term soul is used in the traditional literature as a synonym for one's true Self and is associated with the subjective essence of one's living. Since, we don't have any means to quantify it, the science has ruled out this idea from its investigations. But, in a recent study, Ceylan et al. (2017) has reintroduced the word soul to scientific literature and examined the possibility of the study of the soul through scientific modalities. The primary focus of their study is to find and understand the scientific analog of the soul as quoted and discussed in the traditional literature...
December 2018: Integrative Psychological & Behavioral Science
Tsiky Cohen
This paper attempts to elucidate the phenomenological experience produced in the dyad from a structural perspective. It proposes to regard the dyadic configuration as a "centerless structure", containing the highest potential for actualization as "free play", both in a negative sense and a positive one. In the first part of the paper, the author uses Wittgenstein's "family- resemblances" method, to illustrate how the descriptions given to diverse dyadic relations in different domains and disciplines, share similarities and closeness with two main types of dyadic relations: a "synonymy relation" based on a common sense of similarity and likeness and an "antonymy relation" characterized by dominant and complementary relations...
December 2018: Integrative Psychological & Behavioral Science
Jesús Romero Moñivas
Ambivalence is a constituent feature of human beings. The aim of this article is to systematise the fundamental sources of ambivalence (neuropsychic, socio-cultural and situational) and highlight that ambivalence can be considered as an external sign or manifestation of a complex and multiple internal human nature; that is, a human being constituted by multiple selves. In this paper the self is viewed as a principle of organization and integration for action, that is, as a complex neurological process and not as a static entity...
December 2018: Integrative Psychological & Behavioral Science
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