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Integrative Psychological & Behavioral Science

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299535/the-self-in-movement-being-identified-and-identifying-oneself-in-the-process-of-migration-and-asylum-seeking
#1
Meike Watzlawik, Ignacio Brescó de Luna
How migration influences the processes of identity development has been under longstanding scrutiny in the social sciences. Usually, stage models have been suggested, and different strategies for acculturation (e.g., integration, assimilation, separation, and marginalization) have been considered as ways to make sense of the psychological transformations of migrants as a group. On an individual level, however, identity development is a more complex endeavor: Identity does not just develop by itself, but is constructed as an ongoing process...
March 15, 2017: Integrative Psychological & Behavioral Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285447/considerations-on-a-phronetic-proposal-a-bakhtinian-reply
#2
Ana Luiza Bustamante Smolka
The present text is a Bakhtinian reply to Eugene Matusov's conceptual elaborations on the Aristotelic notion of phronesis, related to contemporary teaching activity and to his research-on-teaching proposal, carried out to involve pre-service practitioners in the educational field. Following his line of reasoning, some of the arguments raised in his search to define the specificities of teaching and researching in education are taken as fruitful ground for discussing the possibilities and limits of the concept of phronesis, and the educational implications of his phronetic proposal...
March 11, 2017: Integrative Psychological & Behavioral Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271264/identity-and-its-construal-learning-from-luxembourg
#3
Elke Murdock
This article examines national identity construal processes within the case study context of Luxembourg. Building on research highlighting the modalities of generalization from case studies, I present the country case that is Luxembourg. This social universe has a foreign population percentage of 47% and what is considered majority and minority becomes increasingly fluid. The migration process itself is fluid, ranging from daily migration, to medium-term stays, return visits and permanent immigration including uptake of citizenship...
March 7, 2017: Integrative Psychological & Behavioral Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28233216/magic-learning-pill-ontological-and-instrumental-learning-in-order-to-speed-up-education
#4
Eugene Matusov, Daniella Baker, Yueyue Fan, Hye Jung Choi, Robert L Hampel
The purpose of this research is to investigate the phenomenology of learning - people"s attitudes toward their learning experiences that have inherent worth in themselves (i.e., ontological learning) or have value outside of the learning itself (i.e., instrumental learning). In order to explore this topic, 58 participants from the U.S., Russia, and Brazil were interviewed with a central question derived from the science fiction writer Isaac Asimov's short story "Profession": whether participants would take a "Magic Learning Pill" (MLP) to avoid the process of learning, and instead magically acquire the knowledge...
February 24, 2017: Integrative Psychological & Behavioral Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190148/the-family-in-us-family-history-family-identity-and-self-reproductive-adaptive-behavior
#5
Dieter Ferring
This contribution is an essay about the notion of family identity reflecting shared significant experiences within a family system originating a set of signs used in social communication within and between families. Significant experiences are considered as experiences of events that have an immediate impact on the adaptation of the family in a given socio-ecological and cultural context at a given historical time. It is assumed that family history is stored in a shared "family memory" holding both implicit and explicit knowledge and exerting an influence on the behavior of each family member...
February 12, 2017: Integrative Psychological & Behavioral Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190147/family-cultures-in-the-context-of-migration-and-ageing
#6
Isabelle Albert, Stephanie Barros Coimbra
Intergenerational family relations are embedded in family cultures which influence how families regulate their relations over the whole life span with regard to key issues, such as autonomy and relatedness, or support exchange and reciprocity, and which may vary inter- and intraculturally. Migrant families undoubtedly face a special situation as values and expectations from the culture of origin and from the host cultural context might differ. Not much is known yet about how migrant families adapt their family cultures to the host cultural context...
February 11, 2017: Integrative Psychological & Behavioral Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150138/emptiness-and-work-a-meaning-making-perspective
#7
Pedro F Bendassolli
This paper aims to put forward the foundation for building a theory of meaning-making based on emptiness. The theoretical perspective underlying the discussion is the cultural psychology of semiotic mediation. According to this perspective, meaning-making is the result of the process through witch human beings use signs to build their relationship with their environment. Three topics unfold in the paper. First, emptiness is defined as a potential absence. Second, the paper identifies the two ways in which emptiness enters into the meaning-making process, either fostering it or, to the contrary, blocking it...
February 1, 2017: Integrative Psychological & Behavioral Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995552/the-sociocultural-determination-of-planned-behaviour
#8
Gordon Sammut, Luke Joseph Buhagiar
Goochani, Ghanian, Baradaran & Azadi's (2017) study provides support for an extension of the theory of planned behaviour through inclusion of the variables of Trust and Perceived Benefits in the determination of attitudes. Considering the fact that the only other direct effect observed in this study is exercised by Subjective Norms, we argue that this new model provides support for the sociocultural determination of attitudes and, by extension, planned behaviour. We argue that understanding behavioural intentions for cultivating Bt rice requires an understanding of the social representations concerning this technology and its regulation in Iran...
March 2017: Integrative Psychological & Behavioral Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928733/developing-approaches-to-competence-away-from-the-metaphor-of-competence-as-a-hidden-object
#9
Patrick Byers
Assessments of linguistic ability amongst inner city African American children in the 1960's and cross-cultural assessments of problem solving skills amongst participants without formal education in several contexts around the world have both demonstrated the need for investigators to distinguish the possible existence of some form of competency from the matter of whether evidence of that competency can be elicited with a particular assessment tool. In both of the previously mentioned cases, the evidence suggests that participants had the competencies in question and failed to demonstrate them (at least partially) as a result of the nature of the assessment context...
March 2017: Integrative Psychological & Behavioral Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921273/theorizing-language-and-discourse-for-the-interactional-study-of-identities
#10
Neill Korobov
The following commentary critically reflects on the pragmatic and semiotic approach to language and identity articulated by Tapia, Rojas, and Picado (Culture & Psychology, Tapia et al. 2017). The following questions are central: 1) What theoretical position is (tacitly) being articulated regarding the nature of language and discourse? Although the authors admit that an explicit theorization of language and discourse is not their focus, the absence of a clear theoretical position is conspicuously problematic...
March 2017: Integrative Psychological & Behavioral Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873220/examining-how-and-why-to-engage-practitioners-from-across-the-learning-landscape-in-the-research-enterprise-proposal-for-phron%C3%A3%C2%AAtic-research-on-education
#11
Eugene Matusov
Educational practitioners are often reluctant, if not actively resistant, to their participation in production and consumption of educational research. Based on my research experience with educational practitioners, I try to deconstruct this phenomenon using dialogic Bakhtinian and Aristotelian sociocultural frameworks. I consider two major related breakdowns in the educational practice: 1) a lack of self-correcting process in the educational practice, while reliance on accountability policy to achieve the practice quality, and 2) a breakdown between educational research and educational practice...
March 2017: Integrative Psychological & Behavioral Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27844196/the-formalization-of-cultural-psychology-reasons-and-functions
#12
Sergio Salvatore
In this paper I discuss two basic theses about the formalization of cultural psychology. First, I claim that formalization is a relevant, even necessary stage of development of this domain of science. This is so because formalization allows the scientific language to achieve a much needed autonomy from the commonsensical language of the phenomena that this science deals with. Second, I envisage the two main functions that formalization has to perform in the field of cultural psychology: on the one hand, it has to provide formal rules grounding and constraining the deductive construction of the general theory; on the other hand, it has to provide the devices for supporting the interpretation of local phenomena, in terms of the abductive reconstruction of the network of linkages among empirical occurrences comprising the local phenomena...
March 2017: Integrative Psychological & Behavioral Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812862/not-seeing-is-believing-the-role-of-invisibility-in-human-lives
#13
Koji Komatsu
Our life is full of invisibility that exerts power on our acts, relationships, and construction of the self. This paper discusses psychological processes in which invisibility plays an essential role, and constructs a typology of invisibility in society and in our lives. After a brief look at the crucial role of invisibility in prevailing theories of psychology, I first show how invisibility works in children's meaning constructions, the process in which their selves become clear for observers (the presentational self, Komatsu 2010)...
March 2017: Integrative Psychological & Behavioral Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27665436/metaphilosophy-of-mind-how-do-minds-investigate-minds-refutation-of-the-theocentric-view
#14
Konrad Werner
I shall propose metaphilosophy of mind as the philosophy of mind investigating mind. That is to say, I pose the question of how knowledge of mind provided by cognitive science, broadly construed, is constrained by the epistemic position of the knower, i.e. by the very fact that it is undertaken by a mind. Here I would like to propose a minimal framework, based on two distinctions: (i) the standard one between empirical and conceptual analysis; (ii) a new one, between the internal questions of mind and the boundary questions of mind...
March 2017: Integrative Psychological & Behavioral Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27650076/on-the-theorem-of-correspondence
#15
Peter Krøjgaard
In a recent paper, Mammen (Integrative Psychological and Behavioral Science, 50, 196-233, 2016a) brought novel arguments into the discussion concerning the importance of being able to single out and track objects through space and time. Mammen offered a formal account of two basic, yet distinct, ways in which we as human beings encounter objects in the real world, that is, sense and choice categories. In this paper I discuss aspects of his theory and in particular the Theorem of Correspondence. I shall attempt to argue that Mammen's formal account is indeed a novel and powerful analytical generic tool allowing us to see the important relevance in different domains of being able to establish choice categories...
March 2017: Integrative Psychological & Behavioral Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27510796/zone-of-proximal-development-zpd-as-an-emergent-system-a-dynamic-systems-theory-perspective
#16
Saeed Karimi-Aghdam
This paper sets out to present a novel construal of one of the notions of Vygotskian cultural-historical theory viz., zone of proximal development (ZPD) drawing upon dynamic systems theory. The principal thesis maintains that ZDP is an emergent and dynamic system which is engendered by a dialectical concatenation of psychogenesic and sociogenesic facets of human development over time. It is reasoned that Vygotskian cultural-historical theory of human development, by invoking dialectical logic, has transcended Cartesian substance dualism and in turn has proffered a monistic and process-anchored ontology for emerging becoming of human consciousness...
March 2017: Integrative Psychological & Behavioral Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27498978/multi-stakeholders-attitudes-toward-bt-rice-in-southwest-iran-application-of-tpb-and-multi-attribute-models
#17
Omid M Ghoochani, Mansour Ghanian, Masoud Baradaran, Hossein Azadi
Organisms that have been genetically engineered and modified (GM) are referred to as genetically modified organisms (GMOs). Bt crops are plants that have been genetically modified to produce certain proteins from the soil bacteria Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt), which makes these plants resistant to certain lepidopteran and coleopteran species. Genetically Modified (GM) rice was produced in 2006 by Iranian researchers from Tarom Mowla'ii and has since been called 'Bt rice'. As rice is an important source of food for over 3 billion inhabitants on Earth, this study aims to use a correlational survey in order to shed light on the predicting factors relating to the extent of stakeholders' behavioral intentions towards Bt rice...
March 2017: Integrative Psychological & Behavioral Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27473588/pragmatics-of-the-development-of-personal-identity-in-adolescents-in-the-latin-american-context
#18
Javier Tapia, Adrián Rojas, Karol Picado
The present work proposes a pragmatic perspective of the development of personal identity. Such perspective is based on a unifying vision that incorporates the contribution of communicative pragmatics and becomes aware of the contribution of semiotics to psychology, without leaving aside the eriksonian point of view and other significant contributions in the field. The article defines identity in adolescence from a development approach, and adopts a systemic perspective concerning the insertion of adolescents in their context of formation as individuals...
March 2017: Integrative Psychological & Behavioral Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138927/towards-topological-mechanisms-underlying-experience-acquisition-and-transmission-in-the-human-brain
#19
Arturo Tozzi, James F Peters
Experience is a process of awareness and mastery of facts or events, gained through actual observation or second-hand knowledge. Recent findings reinforce the idea that a naturalized epistemological approach is needed to further advance our understanding of the nervous mechanisms underlying experience. This essay is an effort to build a coherent topological-based framework able to elucidate particular aspects of experience, e.g., how it is acquired by a single individual, transmitted to others and collectively stored in form of general ideas...
January 30, 2017: Integrative Psychological & Behavioral Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110430/ontological-issues-and-the-possible-development-of-cultural-psychology
#20
Gilberto Pérez-Campos
Ontological issues have a bad reputation within mainstream psychology. This paper, however, is an attempt to argue that ontological reflection may play an important role in the development of cultural psychology. A cross-reading of two recent papers on the subject (Mammen & Mironenko, Integrative Psychological and Behavioral Science, 49(4), 681-713, 2015; Simão Integrative Psychological and Behavioral Science, 50, 568-585, 2016), aimed at characterizing their respective approaches to ontological issues, sets the stage for a presentation of Cornelius Castoriadis' ontological reflections...
January 21, 2017: Integrative Psychological & Behavioral Science
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