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Integrative Psychological & Behavioral Science

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534104/the-story-presenting-method-a-method-for-constructing-multiple-viewpoints-to-understand-different-cultures
#1
Tadaharu Watanabe
This study will show the results of four dialogical cultural exchange classes, which were held between Japanese and Chinese high school students, and examine the shifts in students' viewpoints and changes in cultural understandings that occurred during those classes. In the first cultural exchange class, students of both countries read a story which described an older student who carelessly wore a T-shirt inside out, and younger students passed by without greeting him. Students of both countries were then asked to write their comments about it...
May 22, 2017: Integrative Psychological & Behavioral Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28466441/cultural-psychology-of-differences-and-ems-a-new-theoretical-framework-for-understanding-and-reconstructing-culture
#2
Toshiya Yamamoto
In this paper I introduce the outlines of our new type of theoretical framework named 'Cultural psychology of Differences' for understanding cultural others and dialogically reconstructing interactions among cultural others. In order to understand cultural others, it is necessary for us to reconstruct a new concept which enables us to analyze dynamic generation processes of culture. We propose the concept of Expanded Mediational Structure, EMS, as an elementary unit for understanding human social interactions...
May 2, 2017: Integrative Psychological & Behavioral Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285447/considerations-on-a-phronetic-proposal-a-bakhtinian-reply
#3
Ana Luiza Bustamante Smolka
The present text is a Bakhtinian reply to Eugene Matusov's conceptual elaborations on the Aristotelic notion of phronesis, related to contemporary teaching activity and to his research-on-teaching proposal, carried out to involve pre-service practitioners in the educational field. Following his line of reasoning, some of the arguments raised in his search to define the specificities of teaching and researching in education are taken as fruitful ground for discussing the possibilities and limits of the concept of phronesis, and the educational implications of his phronetic proposal...
March 11, 2017: Integrative Psychological & Behavioral Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28477264/piecing-together-ideas-on-sociocultural-psychology-and-methodological-approaches
#4
Anne Carolina Ramos
In this commentary, I will piece together some transversal ideas throughout the articles that compose the thematic issue Self-identity on the move: methodological elaborations focusing on two main aspects: (i) the relation between the individual and the society and how self-identity is constructed in context; and (ii) data generalization in qualitative studies. I will base my commentary on the reflections brought forth by the articles on these two topics. My aim is to trace a line on which the authors, in their contributions to this issue, dialogue among each other with respect to the key elements of the individual, the social context, the (self)identity, and data generalization in qualitative research...
June 2017: Integrative Psychological & Behavioral Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299535/the-self-in-movement-being-identified-and-identifying-oneself-in-the-process-of-migration-and-asylum-seeking
#5
Meike Watzlawik, Ignacio Brescó de Luna
How migration influences the processes of identity development has been under longstanding scrutiny in the social sciences. Usually, stage models have been suggested, and different strategies for acculturation (e.g., integration, assimilation, separation, and marginalization) have been considered as ways to make sense of the psychological transformations of migrants as a group. On an individual level, however, identity development is a more complex endeavor: Identity does not just develop by itself, but is constructed as an ongoing process...
June 2017: Integrative Psychological & Behavioral Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271264/identity-and-its-construal-learning-from-luxembourg
#6
Elke Murdock
This article examines national identity construal processes within the case study context of Luxembourg. Building on research highlighting the modalities of generalization from case studies, I present the country case that is Luxembourg. This social universe has a foreign population percentage of 47% and what is considered majority and minority becomes increasingly fluid. The migration process itself is fluid, ranging from daily migration, to medium-term stays, return visits and permanent immigration including uptake of citizenship...
June 2017: Integrative Psychological & Behavioral Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190148/the-family-in-us-family-history-family-identity-and-self-reproductive-adaptive-behavior
#7
Dieter Ferring
This contribution is an essay about the notion of family identity reflecting shared significant experiences within a family system originating a set of signs used in social communication within and between families. Significant experiences are considered as experiences of events that have an immediate impact on the adaptation of the family in a given socio-ecological and cultural context at a given historical time. It is assumed that family history is stored in a shared "family memory" holding both implicit and explicit knowledge and exerting an influence on the behavior of each family member...
June 2017: Integrative Psychological & Behavioral Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190147/family-cultures-in-the-context-of-migration-and-ageing
#8
Isabelle Albert, Stephanie Barros Coimbra
Intergenerational family relations are embedded in family cultures which influence how families regulate their relations over the whole life span with regard to key issues, such as autonomy and relatedness, or support exchange and reciprocity, and which may vary inter- and intraculturally. Migrant families undoubtedly face a special situation as values and expectations from the culture of origin and from the host cultural context might differ. Not much is known yet about how migrant families adapt their family cultures to the host cultural context...
June 2017: Integrative Psychological & Behavioral Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138927/towards-topological-mechanisms-underlying-experience-acquisition-and-transmission-in-the-human-brain
#9
Arturo Tozzi, James F Peters
Experience is a process of awareness and mastery of facts or events, gained through actual observation or second-hand knowledge. Recent findings reinforce the idea that a naturalized epistemological approach is needed to further advance our understanding of the nervous mechanisms underlying experience. This essay is an effort to build a coherent topological-based framework able to elucidate particular aspects of experience, e.g., how it is acquired by a single individual, transmitted to others and collectively stored in form of general ideas...
June 2017: Integrative Psychological & Behavioral Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092016/testing-event-based-forms-of-causality
#10
Alexander von Eye, Wolfgang Wiedermann
Three fundamental types of causal relations are those of necessity, sufficiency, and necessity and sufficiency. These types are defined in contexts of categorical variables or events. Using statement calculus or Boolean algebra, one can determine which patterns of events are in support of a particular form of causal relation. In this article, we approach the analysis of these forms of causality taking the perspective of the analyst of empirical data. It is proposed using Configural Frequency Analysis (CFA) to test hypotheses about type of causal relation...
June 2017: Integrative Psychological & Behavioral Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035626/psychology-is-not-primarily-empirical-science-a-comparison-of-cultures-in-the-lexical-hypothesis-tradition-as-a-failure-of-introspection
#11
Václav Linkov
A large part of psychology has become an empirical science that assumes that there might exist one set of research methods suitable for psychological research in all human cultures. Research questions, methods, and theories formulated from one cultural perspective are not thoroughly introspectively examined when being used in another cultural environment. This leads to research that answers questions that are not meaningful in such environments. Research coming from the lexical hypothesis tradition is given as an example...
June 2017: Integrative Psychological & Behavioral Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27957658/aggregation-validation-and-generalization-of-qualitative-data-methodological-and-practical-research-strategies-illustrated-by-the-research-process-of-an-empirically-based-typology
#12
Daniel Weis, Helmut Willems
The article deals with the question of how aggregated data which allow for generalizable insights can be generated from single-case based qualitative investigations. Thereby, two central challenges of qualitative social research are outlined: First, researchers must ensure that the single-case data can be aggregated and condensed so that new collective structures can be detected. Second, they must apply methods and practices to allow for the generalization of the results beyond the specific study. In the following, we demonstrate how and under what conditions these challenges can be addressed in research practice...
June 2017: Integrative Psychological & Behavioral Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888455/modalities-of-generalization-through-single-case-studies
#13
Tania Zittoun
The value of case studies for theory building is still doubted in psychology. The paper argues for the importance of case studies and the possibility of generalizing from these for a specific sociocultural understanding of human development. The paper first clarifies the notion of abduction within case studies, drawing on pragmatists James and Peirce and expanding it with the work of Lewin, and argues that it is the core mechanism that allows generalization from case studies. The second section presents the possibility of generalizing from individual single case studies, for which not only the subjective perspective, but also the dynamics by which the social and cultural environment guide and enable the person's development, have to be accounted for...
June 2017: Integrative Psychological & Behavioral Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995552/the-sociocultural-determination-of-planned-behaviour
#14
Gordon Sammut, Luke Joseph Buhagiar
Goochani, Ghanian, Baradaran & Azadi's (2017) study provides support for an extension of the theory of planned behaviour through inclusion of the variables of Trust and Perceived Benefits in the determination of attitudes. Considering the fact that the only other direct effect observed in this study is exercised by Subjective Norms, we argue that this new model provides support for the sociocultural determination of attitudes and, by extension, planned behaviour. We argue that understanding behavioural intentions for cultivating Bt rice requires an understanding of the social representations concerning this technology and its regulation in Iran...
March 2017: Integrative Psychological & Behavioral Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928733/developing-approaches-to-competence-away-from-the-metaphor-of-competence-as-a-hidden-object
#15
Patrick Byers
Assessments of linguistic ability amongst inner city African American children in the 1960's and cross-cultural assessments of problem solving skills amongst participants without formal education in several contexts around the world have both demonstrated the need for investigators to distinguish the possible existence of some form of competency from the matter of whether evidence of that competency can be elicited with a particular assessment tool. In both of the previously mentioned cases, the evidence suggests that participants had the competencies in question and failed to demonstrate them (at least partially) as a result of the nature of the assessment context...
March 2017: Integrative Psychological & Behavioral Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921273/theorizing-language-and-discourse-for-the-interactional-study-of-identities
#16
Neill Korobov
The following commentary critically reflects on the pragmatic and semiotic approach to language and identity articulated by Tapia, Rojas, and Picado (Culture & Psychology, Tapia et al. 2017). The following questions are central: 1) What theoretical position is (tacitly) being articulated regarding the nature of language and discourse? Although the authors admit that an explicit theorization of language and discourse is not their focus, the absence of a clear theoretical position is conspicuously problematic...
March 2017: Integrative Psychological & Behavioral Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873220/examining-how-and-why-to-engage-practitioners-from-across-the-learning-landscape-in-the-research-enterprise-proposal-for-phron%C3%A3%C2%AAtic-research-on-education
#17
Eugene Matusov
Educational practitioners are often reluctant, if not actively resistant, to their participation in production and consumption of educational research. Based on my research experience with educational practitioners, I try to deconstruct this phenomenon using dialogic Bakhtinian and Aristotelian sociocultural frameworks. I consider two major related breakdowns in the educational practice: 1) a lack of self-correcting process in the educational practice, while reliance on accountability policy to achieve the practice quality, and 2) a breakdown between educational research and educational practice...
March 2017: Integrative Psychological & Behavioral Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27844196/the-formalization-of-cultural-psychology-reasons-and-functions
#18
Sergio Salvatore
In this paper I discuss two basic theses about the formalization of cultural psychology. First, I claim that formalization is a relevant, even necessary stage of development of this domain of science. This is so because formalization allows the scientific language to achieve a much needed autonomy from the commonsensical language of the phenomena that this science deals with. Second, I envisage the two main functions that formalization has to perform in the field of cultural psychology: on the one hand, it has to provide formal rules grounding and constraining the deductive construction of the general theory; on the other hand, it has to provide the devices for supporting the interpretation of local phenomena, in terms of the abductive reconstruction of the network of linkages among empirical occurrences comprising the local phenomena...
March 2017: Integrative Psychological & Behavioral Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812862/not-seeing-is-believing-the-role-of-invisibility-in-human-lives
#19
Koji Komatsu
Our life is full of invisibility that exerts power on our acts, relationships, and construction of the self. This paper discusses psychological processes in which invisibility plays an essential role, and constructs a typology of invisibility in society and in our lives. After a brief look at the crucial role of invisibility in prevailing theories of psychology, I first show how invisibility works in children's meaning constructions, the process in which their selves become clear for observers (the presentational self, Komatsu 2010)...
March 2017: Integrative Psychological & Behavioral Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27665436/metaphilosophy-of-mind-how-do-minds-investigate-minds-refutation-of-the-theocentric-view
#20
Konrad Werner
I shall propose metaphilosophy of mind as the philosophy of mind investigating mind. That is to say, I pose the question of how knowledge of mind provided by cognitive science, broadly construed, is constrained by the epistemic position of the knower, i.e. by the very fact that it is undertaken by a mind. Here I would like to propose a minimal framework, based on two distinctions: (i) the standard one between empirical and conceptual analysis; (ii) a new one, between the internal questions of mind and the boundary questions of mind...
March 2017: Integrative Psychological & Behavioral Science
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