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Integrative Psychological & Behavioral Science

Peter J Giordano, J Eason Taylor, Hannah E Branthwaite
In two commentaries, Kostromina and Grishina (2018) and Mironenko (2018) offered constructive thoughts and questions in response to an article by Giordano (2018, Culture & Psychology, 23, 502-518) on the merits of an approach to understanding individual personality that focuses on the processes rather than structures of personality. In this reply, the authors seek to clarify some of the points made in the original article. The authors also describe a personality process-structure duality, whereby personality is conceptualized in terms of processes or structures based on the methods used to study it...
August 13, 2018: Integrative Psychological & Behavioral Science
Giuseppina Marsico
Education is in the core of societal change in all its different forms-from kindergartens to vocational schools and lifelong learning. Education-understood as goal-oriented personal movement-re-structures personal lives both inside school and outside the school. This special issue stems from the Cultural Psychology of Education (Marsico Culture & Psychology, 21(4), 445-454, 2015a, b, Journal for the Study of Education and Development, 40(4), 754-781, 2017)-a new approach to the field of education that examines how educational experience is culturally organized...
August 10, 2018: Integrative Psychological & Behavioral Science
Martin E Morf
Psychologists generally reject the reductionist, physicalist, "nothing but" stance of the natural sciences. At the same time they consider their discipline a science and wonder why it does not enjoy the status (and funding) of the natural sciences. Ferguson American Psychologist, 70, 527-542 (2015), Lilienfeld American Psychologist, 67, 111-129 (2012), and Schwartz et al. American Psychologist, 71, 52-70 (2016) are among those who adopt a soft naturalism of nonreductive physicalism which declares, or implies, that when it comes to humans, there is more than what the natural sciences can unravel...
August 1, 2018: Integrative Psychological & Behavioral Science
Dan Lund Hvidtfeldt, Lene Tanggaard
The purpose of the present article is to contribute to the development of a socio-material, situated conceptualization of creativity, in exploring music making as it becomes meaningful in performative emergence processes of the digital age. It uses the creative practices of musicians to analyse and discuss the qualities of 'digital materials' in a creative setting, today very often playing a critical role in the production and performance of music. Methodologically, the analysis is based on interviews with professional musicians performing at Roskilde Festival and observations inspired by the autoethnographic approach...
August 1, 2018: Integrative Psychological & Behavioral Science
Raquel da Silva, Ana Sofia Ferreira
Former clandestine militants' voices and stories have been recurrently silenced in the Portuguese "battle over memory", because their activities were linked to events, such as the Revolution of 25 April 1974, which have themselves been politically and socially depreciated in mainstream political narratives. Only recently did the traditional political narratives start to be questioned and debated by Portuguese scholars. Such political narratives took root in the country in the decades that followed the April Revolution, with various scholars and politicians denying the fascist categorisation of Estado Novo and adopting an authoritarian, non-totalitarian and non-fascist perspective, while recurrently depicting the Revolution as highly negative (namely as the source of the economic troubles of the country)...
July 28, 2018: Integrative Psychological & Behavioral Science
Kristiina Uriko
The objective of this paper is to analyze how the maternal bond in first-time pregnant women emerges from bodily experiences in the pre-semiotic level and leads to the emergence of the semiotic field. The bond as a sign field is internally structured and enables the regulation of connections with other signs outside the field. As a result of the dialogue between biological and sociocultural imperatives, sociocultural meanings are turned into personal meanings and presented by women through behavior. This study is based on longitudinally-collected interview data consisting of six interviews with women from the time they were pregnant until their child turned one year old...
July 27, 2018: Integrative Psychological & Behavioral Science
Cathy Nicholson
This commentary explores how Obradović (2017) links historical myths as mediators of stability between the past and the future, when confronting the challenges of legitimising present political actions in Serbia, to build a more secure national identity in the modern world. Using a dialogical approach that encompasses the interdependency of the foundational myth of the Battles of Kosovo in the 14th C with social representations of present day political understanding, the challenges of creating such a national identity are unearthed and discussed...
July 24, 2018: Integrative Psychological & Behavioral Science
Déborah Levitan
In the context of migratory instabilities, an increasing number of professionals engage in repeated moves across countries with their families, living more or less permanently on the move. Yet the international adjustments of these families are usually studied in terms of the adaptation of family members to a single host country. This article uses in-depth interviews conducted with families in repeated geographical mobility and currently living in Switzerland to identify the strategies enabling them to move across countries while adjusting to diverse sociocultural environments...
July 6, 2018: Integrative Psychological & Behavioral Science
Henrik Skaug Sætra
We now live in the era of big data, and according to its proponents, big data is poised to change science as we know it. Claims of having no theory and no ideology are made, and there is an assumption that the results of big data are trustworthy because it is considered free from human judgement, which is often considered inextricably linked with human error. These two claims lead to the idea that big data is the source of better scientific knowledge, through more objectivity, more data, and better analysis...
July 5, 2018: Integrative Psychological & Behavioral Science
Kristine Jensen de López
This article contributes as a commentary to Min's critical evaluation of the challenges and resistances that have presented themselves during the recent process of changing the pedagogical practices ofChinese preschools to more closely resemble those seen in Scandinavian. The focus is on how decisions of how to structure the particular environment in preschool settings have direct and indirect implications for children's learning and learning possibilities, and the importance of understanding these as mediated signifiers of the particular culture values...
June 22, 2018: Integrative Psychological & Behavioral Science
Thomas Szulevicz
The paper aims to discuss how school psychology broadly is influenced by neoliberalism. Neoliberalism has attracted great attention among sociologists and economist, but less so among psychologists. This is a paradox since the psychological reach of neoliberalism is massive. The paper analyzes how new (neoliberal) school reforms place new professional demands on schools and therefore also new kinds of professional demands on school psychologists. Among other things, it is discussed whether the notion of resilience can act as a future guiding principle for school psychologists...
June 21, 2018: Integrative Psychological & Behavioral Science
Hans Dorsch
The issue of schooling is being thoroughly analysed by a number of excellent scholars in this special issue. It is a very comprehensive analytical work which I intend to take into a commentary consideration in this brief article. Schooling is a matter of great and recent concern not the least from a political point of view, where schooling seems to take on a specific role that deals with not only schooling as a normativity but also schooling as the absolute forming of students. Despite ongoing disagreements on what kind of schooling may prove the best as well as the correct form of education as a whole, in this paper I argue that relevant science may have a pretty good idea as to how to apply schooling in such a way as to ensure that teaching is applied equally efficient...
June 15, 2018: Integrative Psychological & Behavioral Science
J Shashi Kiran Reddy, Sisir Roy
The term soul is used in the traditional literature as a synonym for one's true Self and is associated with the subjective essence of one's living. Since, we don't have any means to quantify it, the science has ruled out this idea from its investigations. But, in a recent study, Ceylan et al. (2017) has reintroduced the word soul to scientific literature and examined the possibility of the study of the soul through scientific modalities. The primary focus of their study is to find and understand the scientific analog of the soul as quoted and discussed in the traditional literature...
June 12, 2018: Integrative Psychological & Behavioral Science
Denis Ebbesen, Jeppe Olsen
Motor intention/intentionality (MI) has been investigated from many different angles. Some researchers focus on the purely physical and mechanical aspects of the human motor system, while others emphasize the subjectivity involved in intentionality. While bridging this seemingly dualistic gap between the two concepts ought to be the researcher's' main task, different schools of thought have instead specialized in stressing one (objective) or the other (subjective) part of this construct. Thus, we find everything from neuroscientific to phenomenologically inspired approaches to MI...
June 7, 2018: Integrative Psychological & Behavioral Science
Tsiky Cohen
This paper attempts to elucidate the phenomenological experience produced in the dyad from a structural perspective. It proposes to regard the dyadic configuration as a "centerless structure", containing the highest potential for actualization as "free play", both in a negative sense and a positive one. In the first part of the paper, the author uses Wittgenstein's "family- resemblances" method, to illustrate how the descriptions given to diverse dyadic relations in different domains and disciplines, share similarities and closeness with two main types of dyadic relations: a "synonymy relation" based on a common sense of similarity and likeness and an "antonymy relation" characterized by dominant and complementary relations...
June 4, 2018: Integrative Psychological & Behavioral Science
Jesús Romero Moñivas
Ambivalence is a constituent feature of human beings. The aim of this article is to systematise the fundamental sources of ambivalence (neuropsychic, socio-cultural and situational) and highlight that ambivalence can be considered as an external sign or manifestation of a complex and multiple internal human nature; that is, a human being constituted by multiple selves. In this paper the self is viewed as a principle of organization and integration for action, that is, as a complex neurological process and not as a static entity...
June 2, 2018: Integrative Psychological & Behavioral Science
Isabel C Martínez, Silvia A Español, Diana I Pérez
According to the theory of conceptual metaphor, image-schemas and primary metaphors are preconceptual structures configured in human cognition, based on sensory-motor environmental activity. Focusing on the way both non-conceptual structures are embedded in early social interaction, we provide empirical evidence for the interactive and intersubjective ontogenesis of image-schemas and primary metaphors. We present the results of a multimodal image-schematic microanalysis of three interactive infant-directed performances (the composition of movement, touch, speech, and vocalization that adults produce for-and-with the infants)...
June 2, 2018: Integrative Psychological & Behavioral Science
Xiao-Wen Li, Shuang-Shuang Xu
As a developmental psychologist who has conducted studies in educational practice for about thirty years. A series of developmental psychology studies rooted in Chinese culture were performed, and the findings led us to focus on students' potential in growth, developmental fullness and educational ecosystem. This article mainly talked about three aspects: the viewpoints about the nature of psychological development formed in the context of school; promoting students' development by continually constructing cultural ecosystem; the characteristics of researches by taking the perspective of cultural ecology and discoveries about deficiency in basic abilities...
May 31, 2018: Integrative Psychological & Behavioral Science
Pierre-Yves Brandt
This paper makes a case for an integrative approach to the field of psychology of religion and spirituality. Rather than relying upon or choosing one approach or theory to the detriment of all others, one can identify the construction of psychological identity, modelized as a constellation, as one of several possible « points of connection » serving as work site for the convergence, synthesis and exchange among the vast and rich variety of concepts, measures, theories and methods extant in the field. This work of integration can stimulate, and enrich our perceptions of the multiple dimensions, levels and valences of religion and spirituality...
May 25, 2018: Integrative Psychological & Behavioral Science
Irina A Mironenko, Pavel S Sorokin
This article takes as a starting point the critical analysis of attempts to define "culture", offered by Jahoda in 2012. Basing on the observed proliferation of various, often contradicting, definitions of "culture" (for instance, trying to refer to its both internal and external aspects), Jahoda arrives at the conclusion that attempts to define the concept of "culture" are vain and useless and it is quite practicable simply to use the term without seeking to define it. We find it hard to agree with this statement...
June 2018: Integrative Psychological & Behavioral Science
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