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Archives of Osteoporosis

Nada Younes, Marie-Ange El Hajj, Aren Joe Bizdikian, Marie-Hélène Gannagé-Yared
The purpose of this study is to establish the prevalence and determinants of fractures among 974 Lebanese schoolchildren aged 8-18. Fractures might be less common in the Lebanese pediatric population compared to western populations. Male gender and high SES are independent risk factors for fractures, while 25(OH)D and BMI have no impact. PURPOSE: To establish the prevalence of fractures among Lebanese schoolchildren and its relationship with age, gender, BMI, 25 hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) levels, and socioeconomic status (SES)...
January 15, 2019: Archives of Osteoporosis
Jalaluddin A Khan, Fiona E McGuigan, Kristina E Akesson, Y M Ahmed, Faiza Abdu, Hussam Rajab, Mai Albaik
Awareness and knowledge about any disease is the first step to prevent and treat it, so this study evaluates osteoporosis awareness and knowledge in university students. Our results showed a high awareness and good knowledge of osteoporosis. Females were better informed than males. Knowledge increased with increasing education level. PURPOSE: Osteoporosis is a worldwide health problem, including Saudi Arabia where vitamin D deficiency is common. Prevention of osteoporosis must begin by increasing awareness of the disease from a young age...
January 14, 2019: Archives of Osteoporosis
Kunling Wang, Changxin Jiang, Hongwei Jia, Xin Zhang, Zhijie Sun, Mei Zhu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 10, 2019: Archives of Osteoporosis
Jessie A Elliott, Sean Casey, Conor F Murphy, Neil G Docherty, Narayanasamy Ravi, Peter Beddy, John V Reynolds, Carel W le Roux
Micronutrient and fat malabsorption and altered enteroendocrine signaling occur after esophagectomy for cancer; however, the impact of malnutrition on bone health in this cohort has not been previously investigated. In this study, the prevalence of osteoporosis increased after curative surgery, associated with disease-specific, treatment-related, and population risk factors. PURPOSE: Improved oncologic outcomes in esophageal cancer (EC) have resulted in increased survivorship and a focus on long-term quality of life...
January 9, 2019: Archives of Osteoporosis
Christina Kaijser Alin, Elin Uzunel, Ann-Charlotte Grahn Kronhed, Hassan Alinaghizadeh, Helena Salminen
The treatment effect of an activating spinal orthosis on back pain and back extensor strength was compared to a training group and to a control group. Between the groups, there was no significant difference in back pain, back extensor strength, or kyphosis index after the 6 months of treatment. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to study the effect of treatment with an activating spinal orthosis on back pain, back extensor strength, and kyphotic index. Our hypothesis was that an activating spinal orthosis may be an alternative treatment to decrease back pain and increase back extensor strength...
January 9, 2019: Archives of Osteoporosis
Cynthia El Hajj, Souha Fares, Jean Michel Chardigny, Yves Boirie, Stephane Walrand
Previous studies have shown that improving vitamin D status among the elderly may lead to an improvement in muscle mass and muscle strength. In our study, vitamin D supplementation showed significant improvements in vitamin D concentrations as well as appendicular muscle mass in pre-sarcopenic older Lebanese people. However, we found no significant effect on muscle strength. INTRODUCTION: Improving vitamin D status might improve muscle function and muscle mass that lead to sarcopenia in older subjects...
December 19, 2018: Archives of Osteoporosis
Keiko Sugai, Takehiro Michikawa, Toru Takebayashi, Morio Matsumoto, Masaya Nakamura, Yuji Nishiwaki
This cohort study conducted in Japan showed that severe age-related kyphosis was visually detected. The visual assessment of kyphosis was associated with declines in ADL, suggesting that we can easily identify people at high risk to develop future ADL reduction in the community setting. PURPOSE: Age-related kyphosis is related with declines in activities of daily living (ADL). Its conventional diagnosis has been made by orthopedic surgeons and trained examiners using specialized equipment such as X-rays...
December 18, 2018: Archives of Osteoporosis
Yingfang Deng, Zhen Zhang, Xi Jia, Wenke Cheng, Xixi Zhou, Yi Liu, Miaozhou Wang
PURPOSE: Several previous studies have shown that oral bisphosphonates (BPs) are associated with the incidence of 13 specific cancers, including lung cancer, esophageal cancer, gastric cancer, and colorectal cancer (CRC). However, the findings are heterogeneous. METHODS AND RESULTS: Relevant studies published in databases such as PubMed, Embase database, and Cochrane library were systematically retrieved from inception to August 25th, 2018, regardless of language, by two investigators independently...
December 17, 2018: Archives of Osteoporosis
Hong-Qi Xu, Ji-Peng Shi, Chong Shen, Yu Liu, Jing-Min Liu, Xiu-Yuan Zheng
Muscle strength and function declined more than the concomitant loss of muscle mass. Measures of muscle strength and function are an effective way to assess functional ability and physical health in older people. A healthy lifestyle such as physical exercise, good nutrition, and higher BMI can benefit older people. INTRODUCTION: The study investigated the characteristics of aging-related differences in appendicular lean mass (ALM/Ht2 ), handgrip strength (HGS), usual gait speed (UGS), repeated chair stands (RCS), Timed Up and Go (TUG) test, and their associated factors in 6703 rural residents...
December 17, 2018: Archives of Osteoporosis
Betül Ersoy, Deniz Özalp Kizilay, Seniha Kiremitci Yilmaz, Fatma Taneli, Gül Gümüşer
Peak bone mass is reached in late adolescence. Low peak bone mass is a well recognized risk factor for osteoporosis later in life. Our data do not support a link between vitamin D status, bone mineral density (BMD), and socioeconomic status (SES). However, there was a marked inadequacy of daily calcium intake and a high presence of osteopenia in females with low SES. PURPOSE: Our aims were to (1) examine the effects of different SES on BMD, vitamin D status, and daily calcium intake and (2) investigate any association between vitamin D status and BMD in female university students...
December 4, 2018: Archives of Osteoporosis
Tetsuya Abe, Yosuke Shibao, Yosuke Takeuchi, Yuki Mataki, Kuniaki Amano, Shigeru Hioki, Kousei Miura, Hiroshi Noguchi, Toru Funayama, Masao Koda, Masashi Yamazaki
We assessed the safety and feasibility of a unified conservative treatment protocol for osteoporotic vertebral fractures in the elderly patients with a 24-week follow-up. Our results showed that initial hospitalization with rigorous bed rest followed by a rehabilitation program using a Jewett brace was safe and feasible in managing patients. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to prove the safety and feasibility of a unified conservative treatment protocol, which included initial hospitalization with rigorous bed rest followed by a rehabilitation program with Jewett brace for osteoporotic vertebral fractures (OVFs) in the elderly patients with a 24-week follow-up...
November 23, 2018: Archives of Osteoporosis
Aditya John Binu, Kripa Elizabeth Cherian, Nitin Kapoor, Nihal Thomas, Thomas V Paul
Referral patterns for bone mineral density testing by dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) scanning are seldom studied. In our study, the overall proportion of referrals from specialties remained low. This highlights the need for adequate utilisation of DXA by specialties treating subjects at risk for osteoporosis. PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: The knowledge of referral patterns for DXA scanning (dual energy X-ray absorptiometry) for bone mineral density (BMD) measurement is relevant in a developing country like India...
November 20, 2018: Archives of Osteoporosis
Marjan Jeddi, Zahra Bagheri, Mohammad Hossein Dabbaghmanesh, Gholamhossein Ranjbar Omrani, Marzie Bakhshayeshkaram
Bone health evaluation in children requires an appropriate reference database. We have shown higher curves for spine aBMD in Iranian subjects than Americans, but lower curves for femoral neck and total body. These results can be used as reference values to assist Iranian clinicians in interpreting and monitoring bone densitometry results. PURPOSE: Bone health evaluation requires an appropriate reference database that can identify the bone deficit according to age, sex, puberty, and race...
November 19, 2018: Archives of Osteoporosis
M Chandran, E V McCloskey, W P P Thu, S Logan, Y Hao, D Tay, W C Ang, T K K Aung, K S Choo, A Ali, S X Yan, X F Huang, X M Liu, E L Yong, S Lekamwasam
Potential FRAX®-based major osteoporotic fracture (MOF) and hip fracture (HF) intervention thresholds (ITs) for postmenopausal Singaporean women were explored. Age-dependent ethnic-specific and weighted mean ITs progressively increased with increasing age. Fixed ITs were derived via discriminatory value analysis. MOF and HF ITs with highest the Youden index were chosen as optimal. INTRODUCTION: We aimed to explore FRAX®-based intervention thresholds (ITs) to potentially guide osteoporosis treatment in Singapore, a multi-ethnic nation...
November 19, 2018: Archives of Osteoporosis
W S Nijmeijer, E C Folbert, M Vermeer, M M R Vollenbroek-Hutten, J H Hegeman
In the past 10 years after implementation, the orthogeriatric treatment model led in general to consistent outcomes for 1555 older adults in terms of most of the complications and mortality. Surgery was more often delayed to 24-48 h after arrival at the hospital, while the length of hospital stay shortened. INTRODUCTION: Since 1 April 2008, patients aged ≥ 70 years presenting themselves with a hip fracture at Ziekenhuisgroep Twente (ZGT) have been treated according to the orthogeriatric treatment model...
November 19, 2018: Archives of Osteoporosis
Mohammad Zamani, Vahid Zamani, Behzad Heidari, Hadi Parsian, Seyed Mokhtar Esmaeilnejad-Ganji
A systematic review and meta-analysis was conducted on the prevalence of osteoporosis in the Eastern Mediterranean Region. The overall pooled prevalence of osteoporosis was 24.4%. The prevalence has increased significantly over the recent years. The highest pooled prevalence was in Saudi Arabia (32.7%), and the lowest was in Kuwait (15.1%). PURPOSE: To conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis on the prevalence of osteoporosis in the Eastern Mediterranean Region (EMR), as defined by the World Health Organization...
November 17, 2018: Archives of Osteoporosis
Dimitris Vlachopoulos, Alan R Barker, Esther Ubago-Guisado, Craig A Williams, Luis Gracia-Marco
This study demonstrates that a 9-month jumping intervention can improve bone mass gains and physical fitness performance in adolescent males participating in non-osteogenic sports, such as swimming and cycling. PURPOSE: To examine the effect of a jumping intervention on bone mass, bone stiffness and fitness parameters in adolescents involved in different sports. METHODS: Ninety-three adolescent male swimmers (SWI), footballers (FOO) and cyclists (CYC) were randomised to intervention (INT) and sport (INT-SWI = 19, INT-FOO = 15, INT-CYC = 14) or sport only (CON-SWI = 18, CON-FOO = 15, CON-CYC = 12) groups...
November 17, 2018: Archives of Osteoporosis
Chia-Ter Chao, Rong-Sen Yang, Li-Wei Hung, Keh-Sung Tsai, Jen-Kuei Peng, Chung-Hsun Chang, Wei-Yih Chiu, Kun-Pei Lin, Chen-Ti Wang, Chiung-Jung Wen, Ding-Cheng Chan
Patient-reported experience measures (PREMs) are integral component of care for fracture patients. Using a multicenter cohort, we showed that the presence of chronic kidney disease (CKD) attenuated the probability of PREM improvement in fracture patients. INTRODUCTION: Assessing PREM can assist physicians in improving patients' experiences. Patients with CKD are at an increased risk of exhibiting poor PREM and developing fractures. We aimed to assess whether CKD influences the probability of PREM improvement during follow-up among patients with fractures...
November 16, 2018: Archives of Osteoporosis
Kara B Anderson, Kara L Holloway-Kew, Mohammadreza Mohebbi, Mark A Kotowicz, Didier Hans, Julie A Pasco
It has been established that degenerative-changes at the spine elevate bone mineral density at the lumbar spine. This study in men reports that trabecular bone score may be less affected by spinal degenerative-changes. PURPOSE: A recent tool for assessing trabecular microarchitecture at the lumbar spine, trabecular bone score (TBS), provides information about bone health complementary to lumbar spine areal BMD (here referred to as BMD). In men, mean BMD increases with increasing age due to degenerative-changes at the spine including osteophytes and aortic calcification...
November 16, 2018: Archives of Osteoporosis
Roxana Dusceac, Dan Alexandru Niculescu, Ramona Dobre, Madalina Cristina Dragne, Catalin Tacu, Ileana Peride, Cristiana David, Ionel Checherita, Catalina Poiana
We measured trabecular bone score (TBS) in 98 patients on permanent hemodialysis (HD) and 98 subjects with similar bone mineral density and normal kidney function. TBS was significantly lower in HD patients, indicating deteriorated bone microarchitecture, independent of bone mass. This might partially explain the increased fracture risk in HD. PURPOSE: In the general population, trabecular bone score (TBS) was shown to predict fracture independent of bone mineral density (BMD). In end-stage renal disease patients on hemodialysis (HD), the value of TBS is beyond that of BMD in currently unclear...
November 13, 2018: Archives of Osteoporosis
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