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Archives of Osteoporosis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29397487/bone-metabolism-markers-and-vitamin-d-in-adolescent-cyclists
#1
Hugo Olmedillas, Alejandro Gonzalez-Agüero, Marta Rapún-López, Luis Gracia-Marco, Alba Gomez-Cabello, Francisco Pradas de la Fuente, Luís A Moreno, José A Casajús, Germán Vicente-Rodríguez
This study aimed to describe bone metabolic activity in adolescent competitive cyclists compared to age-matched controls. The main result is that younger subjects present a higher bone turnover than the older ones. Moreover, cyclists under the age of 17 have higher scores on all markers than age-matched controls. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to describe bone metabolic activity in adolescent competitive cyclists compared to age-matched controls. METHODS: Twenty-two male adolescent cyclists between 14 and 20 years (y) and 20 age-matched controls participated in this study...
February 3, 2018: Archives of Osteoporosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29388047/self-reported-protein-intake-and-properties-of-bone-in-community-dwelling-older-individuals
#2
Jonas Johansson, Andreas Hult, Bente Morseth, Anna Nordström, Peter Nordström
This study revealed that a quick and simple estimation of protein intake was related to measures of bone density and area in 70-year-old individuals. Furthermore, these associations were mediated by muscle mass when investigating peripheral measurement sites such as arms and legs. PURPOSE: Recent evidence suggests that dietary protein is beneficial for bone health in older individuals, but less is known about the influence of muscle mass on this relationship. This cross-sectional study aimed to investigate associations among protein intake, bone health, and muscle mass in 2332 men and women aged 70 years...
January 31, 2018: Archives of Osteoporosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29380156/dairy-product-intake-and-bone-properties-in-70-year-old-men-and-women
#3
Olle M Hallkvist, Jonas Johansson, Anna Nordström, Peter Nordström, Andreas Hult
In the present population-based study including 70-year-old men and women, total dairy product intake was associated with a weak positive association with tibia trabecular and cortical cross-sectional areas. PURPOSE: Milk consumption has recently been suggested to increase fracture risk. Therefore, we aimed to investigate associations between dairy product consumption and peripheral bone properties. Furthermore, we explored whether consumption of milk and fermented dairy products affected bone properties differently...
January 29, 2018: Archives of Osteoporosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29374326/investigating-the-bone-mineral-density-in-children-with-solid-tumors-in-southern-iran-a-case-control-study
#4
Forough Saki, Sezaneh Haghpanah, Tahereh Zarei, Mohammad Hossein Dabbaghmanesh, Gholamhossein Ranjbar Omrani, Mohammadreza Bordbar
Along with increasing childhood cancer survival, there is increasing concern about its chronic complications. We showed that 20.5 and 45.9% of children with solid tumors in southern Iran had low bone mass for chronological age in lumbar and femoral area, which was associated with serum ferritin and hemoglobin. 52.4% of these children had vitamin D deficiency, as well. PURPOSE/INTRODUCTION: Along with increasing the childhood cancer survival, there is increasing concern about the chronic complications of the disease and the related therapies...
January 26, 2018: Archives of Osteoporosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29372344/-we-get-them-up-moving-and-out-the-door-how-do-we-get-them-to-do-what-is-recommended-using-behaviour-change-theory-to-put-exercise-evidence-into-action-for-rehabilitation-professionals
#5
Caitlin McArthur, Christina Ziebart, Alexandra Papaioannou, Angela M Cheung, Judi Laprade, Linda Lee, Ravi Jain, Lora M Giangregorio
Recommendations suggest a multicomponent exercise for people with osteoporosis. We identified rehabilitation professionals' barriers and facilitators to implementing exercise recommendations with people with osteoporosis, and used those to make suggestions for targeted knowledge translation interventions. Future work will report on development and evaluation of the interventions informed by our study. PURPOSE: Rehabilitation professionals can help people with osteoporosis to engage in a multicomponent exercise program and perform activities of daily living safely...
January 25, 2018: Archives of Osteoporosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29368309/are-we-treating-osteoporotic-fractures-of-the-hip-adequately-a-middle-eastern-cohort-study
#6
K Venugopal Menon, Huda Hamed Salim Al Harthy, Khalid Shafi Khalid Al Habsi, Hind Abdullah Hamed Al Ruzaiqi
Fragility hip fractures treated in a center in the Middle East were retrospectively studied for adequacy of osteoporosis management. Of the 318 patients treated, over 70% did not have a structured investigation and about 30% did not receive any therapeutic supplements. Our series showed a preventable 8.8% secondary fracture rate. PURPOSE: To study the adequacy of evaluation and treatment of osteoporosis after fragility fractures of the hip. The study also attempts to estimate the prevalence of secondary fractures after the original injury...
January 24, 2018: Archives of Osteoporosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313169/upright-activity-and-higher-motor-function-may-preserve-bone-mineral-density-within-6%C3%A2-months-of-stroke-a-longitudinal-study
#7
Karen Borschmann, Sandra Iuliano, Ali Ghasem-Zadeh, Leonid Churilov, Marco Y C Pang, Julie Bernhardt
PURPOSE: Bone fragility contributes to increased fracture risk, but little is known about the emergence of post-stroke bone loss. We investigated skeletal changes and relationships with physical activity, stroke severity, motor control and lean mass within 6 months of stroke. METHODS: This is a prospective observational study. Participants were non-diabetic but unable to walk within 2 weeks of first stroke. Distal tibial volumetric bone mineral density (vBMD, primary outcome), bone geometry and microstructure (high-resolution peripheral quantitative computed tomography) were assessed at baseline and 6 months, as were secondary outcomes total body bone mineral content and lean mass (dual energy X-ray absorptiometry), bone metabolism (serum osteocalcin, N-terminal propeptide of type 1 procollagen (P1NP), C-terminal telopeptide of type 1 collagen (CTX)), physical activity (PAL2 accelerometer) and motor control (Chedoke McMaster) which were also measured at 1 and 3 months...
January 8, 2018: Archives of Osteoporosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29307094/diet-and-exercise-changes-following-bone-densitometry-in-the-patient-activation-after-dxa-result-notification-paadrn-study
#8
Douglas W Roblin, Peter Cram, Yiyue Lou, Stephanie W Edmonds, Sylvie F Hall, Michael P Jones, Kenneth G Saag, Nicole C Wright, Fredric D Wolinsky
Calcium and vitamin D intake and exercise are suboptimal among older adults. Following bone densitometry, a letter communicating individualized fracture risk accompanied by an educational brochure improved participants' lifestyle-but no more than existing communication strategies-over 52 weeks. Simple communication strategies are insufficient for achieving optimal levels of bone health behaviors. PURPOSE: The Patient Activation After DXA Result Notification (PAADRN) study was designed to evaluate whether a letter with individualized fracture risk and an educational brochure mailed to patients soon after their DXA might improve bone health behaviors (daily calcium intake, vitamin D supplementation, and weekly exercise sessions) compared to slower, less individualized communication characterizing usual care...
January 6, 2018: Archives of Osteoporosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285640/difference-of-clinical-course-between-cases-with-bone-union-and-those-with-delayed-union-following-osteoporotic-vertebral-fractures
#9
Hiroyuki Yasuda, Masatoshi Hoshino, Tadao Tsujio, Hidetomi Terai, Takashi Namikawa, Minori Kato, Akira Matsumura, Akinobu Suzuki, Kazushi Takayama, Shinji Takahashi, Hiroaki Nakamura
In this prospective multicenter study of osteoporotic vertebral fractures (OVFs), delayed union of OVF at 6-month follow-up caused prolonged pain, QOL impairment, ADL impairment, cognitive status deterioration, and vertebral collapse progression. PURPOSE: Delayed union following osteoporotic vertebral fracture displayed as an intravertebral cleft on plain X-rays was reported to be a factor for prolonged severe pain. However, the difference of clinical course between bone union and delayed union cases still remains unclear...
December 28, 2017: Archives of Osteoporosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282548/the-qualyor-qualit%C3%A3-osseuse-lyon-orl%C3%A3-ans-study-a-new-cohort-for-non-invasive-evaluation-of-bone-quality-in-postmenopausal-osteoporosis-rationale-and-study-design
#10
Roland Chapurlat, Jean-Baptiste Pialat, Blandine Merle, Elisabeth Confavreux, Florence Duvert, Elisabeth Fontanges, Farida Khacef, Sylvie Loiseau Peres, Anne-Marie Schott, Eric Lespessailles
The diagnostic performance of densitometry is inadequate. New techniques of non-invasive evaluation of bone quality may improve fracture risk prediction. Testing the value of these techniques is the goal of the QUALYOR cohort. INTRODUCTION: The bone mineral density (BMD) of postmenopausal women who sustain osteoporotic fracture is generally above the World Health Organization definition for osteoporosis. Therefore, new approaches to improve the detection of women at high risk for fracture are warranted...
December 27, 2017: Archives of Osteoporosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29264666/medication-taking-behaviour-in-bulgarian-women-with-postmenopausal-osteoporosis-treated-with-denosumab-or-monthly-oral-bisphosphonates
#11
T Petranova, M Boyanov, A Shinkov, R Petkova, M Intorcia, E Psachoulia
Persistence with osteoporosis therapy is critical for fracture risk reduction. This observational study evaluated medication-taking behaviour of women with postmenopausal osteoporosis receiving denosumab or oral ibandronate in real-world clinical practice in Bulgaria. Compared with ibandronate, densoumab was associated with a lower discontinuation rate and greater increases in bone mineral density. PURPOSE: Persistence with osteoporosis therapy is critical for fracture risk reduction and the effectiveness of such treatments may be reduced by low persistence...
December 21, 2017: Archives of Osteoporosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230557/seasonal-variation-of-serum-vitamin-d-levels-in-romania
#12
Dan Alexandru Niculescu, Cristina Ana Maria Capatina, Roxana Dusceac, Andra Caragheorgheopol, Adina Ghemigian, Catalina Poiana
We measured serum vitamin D in 8024 Romanian subjects and found a marked seasonal variation with highest levels in September and lowest levels in March. The seasonal variation (early autumn vs. early spring) persisted in all age and sex groups. The prevalence of vitamin D deficiency was very high. PURPOSE: Romania is located in Eastern Europe, roughly between 44°N and 48°N latitude. Seasonal variation of serum vitamin D in Romanian subjects is unknown. We assessed the seasonal variation of 25-hydroxy vitamin D [25(OH)D] in Romanian population...
December 11, 2017: Archives of Osteoporosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230540/preventing-future-fractures-effectiveness-of-an-orthogeriatric-fracture-liaison-service-compared-to-an-outpatient-fracture-liaison-service-and-the-standard-management-in-patients-with-hip-fracture
#13
Antonio Naranjo, Sonia Fernández-Conde, Soledad Ojeda, Laura Torres-Hernández, Carolina Hernández-Carballo, Idoia Bernardos, Sinforiano Rodríguez, Pedro Laynez
An observational study was carried out in two hospitals in patients > 65 years admitted for hip fracture. At 6 months, 15% of patients in the hospital with orthogeriatric standard care and 75% in the hospital with fracture liaison service were receiving bisphosphonates. PURPOSE: Many patients with fractures are discharged without preventive therapy against further fractures. We sought to compare the effectiveness of an orthogeriatric fracture liaison service (FLS), outpatient FLS, and the standard care after hip fractures in prevention of future fractures...
December 11, 2017: Archives of Osteoporosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224172/evaluation-of-clinical-risk-factors-for-osteoporosis-and-applicability-of-the-frax-tool-in-joinville-city-southern-brazil
#14
Dalisbor Marcelo Weber Silva, Victoria Zeghbi Cochenski Borba, John A Kanis
Clinical risk factors for fracture in Southern Brazil are similar to those used in Fracture Risk Assessment Tool (FRAX®). Age-dependent intervention thresholds had higher accuracy than a fixed cut-off point. INTRODUCTION: Access to bone mineral density testing is wanted for a large part of the Brazilian population. The FRAX® has an option to calculate the risk of fracture without this costly evaluation but relies on the clinical risk factors (CRFs) identified in the source cohorts used to generate FRAX...
December 9, 2017: Archives of Osteoporosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218651/increasing-hip-fracture-rates-among-older-adults-in-ecuador-analysis-of-the-national-hospital-discharge-system-1999-2016
#15
Carlos H Orces, Enrique Lopez Gavilanez
The Ecuadorian hospital discharge system examined trends in hip fracture hospitalization rates among older adults. A significant upward trend in hip fracture rates occurred in both genders over the study period. INTRODUCTION: Previous research has reported increasing hip fracture rates in Ecuador. Thus, this study aimed to extend previous findings by examining the nationwide incidence of hip fractures among adults aged 65 years and older between 1999 and 2016. A secondary objective was to compare hip fracture trends among older Ecuadorians with their counterparts in the United States (U...
December 7, 2017: Archives of Osteoporosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218502/lower-preoperative-hounsfield-unit-values-are-associated-with-intra-operative-fractures-in-cementless-bipolar-hemiarthroplasty
#16
Seung-Ju Kim, Hyun-Soo Park, Dong-Woo Lee, Jong Hun Kim
The use of Hounsfield units (HU) from CT scanning to assess regional BMD has been described. Therefore, we evaluated whether HU could be used to identify osteoporosis of the proximal part of the femur. The results showed that HU assessment is associated with the presence of intra-operative fracture during arthroplasty. INTRODUCTION: The aim with this study was to determine the association of preoperative Hounsfield unit (HU) in hip computed tomography (CT) with intra-operative osteoporotic fracture during cementless hemiarthroplasty...
December 7, 2017: Archives of Osteoporosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214357/investigation-and-analysis-of-osteoporosis-falls-and-fragility-fractures-in-elderly-people-in-the-beijing-area-a-study-on-the-bone-health-status-of-elderly-people-%C3%A2-%C3%A2-80%C3%A2-years-old-with-life-self-care
#17
Jian Zhou, Ming-Zhao Qin, Qian Liu, Jin-Ping Liu
Among ≥ 80 years old and under life self-care in the Beijing area, the prevalences of osteoporosis, falls, and fragility fracture were high; and these prevalences were even higher in women. The treatment rate of osteoporosis is very low. Therefore, comprehensive and standardized prevention and treatment should be promoted. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to investigate prevalence of osteoporosis, falls, and fragility fractures in this population, and analyze related factors, in order to provide a basis for standardized prevention and treatment...
December 6, 2017: Archives of Osteoporosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209855/osteoporotic-hip-fractures-in-black-south-africans-a-regional-study
#18
F Paruk, G Matthews, B Cassim
Osteoporotic hip fractures are thought to be rare in Blacks however, this study from South Africa shows a significant increase in the number of hip fracture in Blacks. With the expected increase in older people, osteoporotic fractures will pose a major health problem and screening guidelines needed to be implemented. INTRODUCTION: Developing countries are predicted to bear the burden of osteoporosis in the coming decades. This study was undertaken to review earlier reports that osteoporotic hip fractures are rare in Black Africans...
December 5, 2017: Archives of Osteoporosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28785996/reporting-of-vertebral-fragility-fractures-can-radiologists-help-reduce-the-number-of-hip-fractures
#19
R M Mitchell, P Jewell, M K Javaid, D McKean, S J Ostlere
Patients with osteoporotic vertebral fractures are at increased risk of hip fracture. In a cohort of hip fracture patients, many had previous imaging studies showing incidental vertebral fractures. Fifty-four percent of fractures were not reported by the radiologist, highlighting a missed opportunity for diagnosing and treating osteoporosis, thereby preventing further fractures. PURPOSE: Patients with osteoporotic vertebral fragility fractures (VFFs) are at increased risk of future fractures, including hip fractures...
December 2017: Archives of Osteoporosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28779437/evaluation-of-bone-mineral-density-in-children-with-sickle-cell-anemia-and-its-associated-factors-in-the-south-of-iran-a-case-control-study
#20
Mohammad Reza Bordbar, Sezaneh Haghpanah, Tahereh Zarei, Mohammad Hossein Dabbaghmanesh, Gholamhossein Ranjbar Omrani, Forough Saki
Sickle-cell anemia is a hereditary hemoglobin disorder among children. We showed that the low bone mass is prevalent among these children, and it has a negative association with hemoglobin. In spite of using supplementary 200 IU/day vitamin D, 59.6% of children with sickle-cell anemia are vitamin D deficient. We suggest that early diagnosis and treatment of this problem could improve the bone health in them.
December 2017: Archives of Osteoporosis
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