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Archives of Osteoporosis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754189/consensus-on-best-practice-standards-for-fracture-liaison-service-in-the-asia-pacific-region
#1
Ding-Cheng Derrick Chan, Lo-Yu Chang, Kristina E Akesson, Paul Mitchell, Chung-Hwan Chen, E Michael Lewiecki, Joon Kiong Lee, Tang Ching Lau, Thawee Songpatanasilp, Kin Bong Lee, Kwang Joon Kim, Jung-Fu Chen, Ko-En Huang, Yih-Lan Gau, Yin-Fan Chang, Peter Ebeling, Weibo Xia, Wei Yu, Atsushi Suzuki, Fen Lee Hew, Leilani B Mercado-Asis, Yoon-Sok Chung, Keh-Sung Tsai, Gau-Tyan Lin, Rong-Sen Yang, Chih-Hsing Wu
The Fracture Liaison Service (FLS) Consensus Meeting endorsed by the International Osteoporosis Foundation (IOF), Asian Federation of Osteoporosis Societies (AFOS), and Asia Pacific Osteoporosis Foundation (APOF) was hosted by the Taiwanese Osteoporosis Association on October 14, 2017. International and domestic experts reviewed the 13 Best Practice Framework (BPF) standards and concluded that all standards were generally applicable in the Asia-Pacific region and needed only minor modifications to fit the healthcare settings in the region...
May 12, 2018: Archives of Osteoporosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744677/correction-to-treatment-patterns-in-patients-with-osteoporosis-at-high-risk-of-fracture-in-japan-retrospective-chart-review
#2
Saeko Fujiwara, Akimitsu Miyauchi, Etsuro Hamaya, Rebecca Jayne Nicholls, Adele Weston, Santwona Baidya, Lionel Pinto, Rich Barron, Junichi Takada
In this article it was mistakenly stated that Akimitsu Miyauchi is affiliated with both Miyauchi Medical Center, Osaka and Amgen Astellas BioPharma K.K., Tokyo. In fact he is affiliated only with Miyauchi Medical Center; he has no connection with Amgen Astellas.
May 8, 2018: Archives of Osteoporosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29737414/bone-geometry-in-young-male-and-female-football-players-a-peripheral-quantitative-computed-tomography-pqct-study
#3
Gabriel Lozano-Berges, Ángel Matute-Llorente, Alejandro Gómez-Bruton, Alex González-Agüero, Germán Vicente-Rodríguez, José A Casajús
The present study shows that football practice during growth may improve bone geometry in male and female football players. However, only females had better bone strength in comparison with controls. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to compare bone geometry in adolescent football players and controls. METHODS: A total of 107 football players (71 males/36 females; mean age 12.7 ± 0.6/12.7 ± 0.6 years) and 42 controls (20 males/22 females; mean age 13...
May 8, 2018: Archives of Osteoporosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736771/increased-prevalence-of-asymptomatic-vertebral-fractures-in-hiv-infected-patients-over-50-years-of-age
#4
Maria Llop, W A Sifuentes, S Bañón, C Macia-Villa, M J Perez-Elías, M Rosillo, S Moreno, M Vázquez, J L Casado
The prevalence of asymptomatic vertebral fracture in HIV-infected patients over 50 was 20%, associated with older age, male sex, longer time since HIV diagnosis, and tubular renal alterations. Vertebral fractures were independent of osteoporosis at lumbar spine, and were not predicted by the use of the FRAX equation. PURPOSE: Vertebral fractures (VF) are the hallmark of osteoporotic fractures. Our objective was to determine the prevalence of asymptomatic VF and associated factors in HIV-infected patients over 50 years, and the role of FRAX equation...
May 8, 2018: Archives of Osteoporosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736627/expressed-information-needs-of-patients-with-osteoporosis-and-or-fragility-fractures-a-systematic-review
#5
REVIEW
Grace Raybould, Opeyemi Babatunde, Amy L Evans, Joanne L Jordan, Zoe Paskins
This systematic review identified patients have unmet information needs about the nature of osteoporosis, medication, self-management and follow-up. Clinician knowledge and attitudes appear to be of key importance in determining whether these needs are met. Unmet information needs appear to have psychosocial consequences and result in poor treatment adherence. PURPOSE: Patient education is an integral component of the management of osteoporosis, yet patients are dissatisfied with the information they receive and see this as an area of research priority...
May 8, 2018: Archives of Osteoporosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725863/persistence-of-and-switches-from-teriparatide-treatment-among-women-and-men-with-osteoporosis-in-the-real-world-a-claims-database-analysis
#6
Tomoko Usui, Masaru Funagoshi, Kahori Seto, Kazuki Ide, Shiro Tanaka, Koji Kawakami
This study investigated the real-world persistence rate and switches of teriparatide-treated patients using a claims database in Japan. The persistence rate of teriparatide at 12 months was 34.9%, and approximately one-third of the patients were not treated with any osteoporosis drugs after teriparatide. Improvement in persistence and switches are desired. PURPOSE: We aimed to elucidate the persistence rates and switches before and after teriparatide treatment in real-world osteoporosis patients based on data from a medical claims database in Japan...
May 3, 2018: Archives of Osteoporosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725835/critical-differences-between-subtrochanteric-and-diaphyseal-atypical-femoral-fractures-analyses-of-51-cases-at-a-single-institution-in-korean-population
#7
Yoon-Je Cho, Kyung-Chung Kang, Young-Soo Chun, Kee Hyung Rhyu, Sang-Jun Kim, Tae-Su Jang
There still remains controversy on the pathomechanism of atypical femoral fracture (AFF). The angle of lateral bowing and bone mineral density showed significant differences between subtrochanteric and diaphyseal atypical fracture groups. In addition to the use of bisphosphonate, mechanical factors might play important roles in the occurrence of AFFs. INTRODUCTION: Although AFF could be divided into subtrochanteric and diaphyseal fracture according to the location of fractures, there is a lack of evidence regarding differences between two fractures and etiology of the occurrence...
May 3, 2018: Archives of Osteoporosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29721623/promoting-bone-health-management-in-women-diagnosed-with-breast-cancer-a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial
#8
Olivia L Tseng, John J Spinelli, Carolyn C Gotay, Wan Yu Ho, Mary L McBride, Martin G Dawes
This study investigates, in women diagnosed with breast cancer, the feasibility of evaluating the effects of educational material and its delivery method, on bone health management. The study results suggest educational material may improve rates of bone mineral density testing. INTRODUCTION: Educational materials improve bone mineral density (BMD) testing rates in high-risk patients, but the effect is unknown in women diagnosed with breast cancer. Methods of delivering educational materials may also affect testing rates...
May 2, 2018: Archives of Osteoporosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29721620/multiple-vertebral-fractures-sustained-5-months-after-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass-a-case-report
#9
Susie C Higgins, George Papasavvas
INTRODUCTION: We report a case of a patient sustaining multiple simultaneous vertebral fractures 5 months after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) surgery. Obesity is associated with increased rates of morbidity and mortality and obesity rates globally continue to rise. Bariatric surgical procedures are successful in inducing sustained weight loss with many improved health outcomes. Potential complications include nutritional deficiencies and adverse effects on bone mineral metabolism with increased rates of fracture...
May 2, 2018: Archives of Osteoporosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29717390/long-term-benefits-and-risks-of-parathyroid-hormone-treatment-in-compliant-osteoporotic-patients-a-danish-national-register-based-cohort-study
#10
Anne-Luise Thorsteinsson, Louise Hansen, Peter Vestergaard, Pia Eiken
PURPOSE: Medical treatment of osteoporosis should preferably be both effective and have minimal side effects. The aim of the present study was to examine long-term benefits and risks of parathyroid hormone (PTH) treatment in compliant patients. METHODS: This is a nationwide retrospective cohort study based on national registers in which we identified 1739 patients treated with PTH (2003-2010) (index cases) for at least 18 months and with a medication possession rate of > 0...
May 2, 2018: Archives of Osteoporosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29705881/age-and-gender-differences-in-the-prevalence-and-correlates-of-vitamin-d-deficiency
#11
AlJohara M AlQuaiz, Ambreen Kazi, Mona Fouda, Nada Alyousefi
Younger adults and males had a higher prevalence of vitamin D deficiency compared to older participants and females. Low intake of milk, central obesity, and lack of use of vitamin D supplements were associated with vitamin D deficiency, highlighting potentially important avenues for preventive intervention. BACKGROUND: Vitamin D deficiency is a public health concern. This study's objective was to measure the prevalence of vitamin D deficiency and determine its correlates among Saudi adults in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia...
April 29, 2018: Archives of Osteoporosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29705875/association-between-metabolic-syndrome-and-osteoporosis-in-taiwanese-middle-aged-and-elderly-participants
#12
Hsin-Hui Lin, Chun-Yuan Huang, Lee-Ching Hwang
This study examined the association between metabolic syndrome and osteoporosis among middle-aged and elderly Taiwanese participants. After controlling for body mass index, age, liver and renal functions, and nutrition and exercise statuses, we found no significant association between MS and osteoporosis in either gender. PURPOSE: The term metabolic syndrome (MS) encompasses different abnormalities with independent effects on bone metabolism, which has led to inconsistencies in the association between MS and osteoporosis...
April 28, 2018: Archives of Osteoporosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29704173/infection-following-percutaneous-vertebral-augmentation-with-polymethylmethacrylate
#13
Jae-Woo Park, Sang-Min Park, Hui Jong Lee, Choon-Ki Lee, Bong-Soon Chang, Hyoungmin Kim
Although the incidence of infection following vertebroplasty or kyphoplasty is rare, postoperative infection and cement augmentation in preexistent spondylitis can cause life-threatening complications in frail patients with notable comorbidities. In such cases, urgent culture and biopsy and the long-term use of proper antibiotics are necessary. PURPOSE: Infection following vertebral augmentation with polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) is rare. We aimed to analyze 11 cases of pyogenic spondylitis and spondylodiscitis that occurred after vertebroplasty or kyphoplasty and to review similar cases in the literature...
April 27, 2018: Archives of Osteoporosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29696513/association-between-alcohol-consumption-and-bone-mineral-density-in-elderly-korean-men-and-women
#14
Yoosun Cho, Seulggie Choi, Kyuwoong Kim, Gyeongsil Lee, Sang Min Park
In this cross-sectional study based on Korean elderly men and women, heavy alcohol intake for men was related to low whole-body BMD and light alcohol intake for women was associated with high whole-body, lumbar, and total femur BMD. PURPOSE: Alcohol is a risk factor of osteoporosis but previous studies on its effect on bone health has been controversial. The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between alcohol intake and bone mineral density in Korean elderly men and women...
April 25, 2018: Archives of Osteoporosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29696390/treatment-costs-and-cost-drivers-among-osteoporotic-fracture-patients-in-japan-a-retrospective-database-analysis
#15
Yurie Taguchi, Yuta Inoue, Taichi Kido, Nobuhiro Arai
This study estimated the direct medical costs of osteoporotic fractures from a large claim database in Japan. We further identified several comorbidities which drove the treatment costs. The results would contribute to health economic analysis as well as understanding of individual financial burden in Japan. INTRODUCTION: The purposes of this study were to estimate treatment costs of osteoporotic fractures and to investigate the cost drivers. METHODS: Male and female patients aged 50 years and older with a hip, vertebral, or non-hip/non-vert (NHNV) fracture between April 2008 and December 2016 were analyzed from claim database...
April 25, 2018: Archives of Osteoporosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691721/mild-cognitive-impairment-is-associated-with-poor-physical-function-but-not-bone-structure-or-density-in-late-adulthood-findings-from-the-hertfordshire-cohort-study
#16
A Patel, K A Jameson, M H Edwards, K Ward, C R Gale, C Cooper, Elaine M Dennison
This study investigated the association between mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and physical function and bone health in older adults. MCI was associated with poor physical performance but not bone mineral density or bone microarchitecture. PURPOSE: Cross-sectional study to investigate the association between mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and physical performance, and bone health, in a community-dwelling cohort of older adults. METHODS: Cognitive function of 222 men and 221 women (mean age 75...
April 24, 2018: Archives of Osteoporosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675770/sports-participation-and-fracture-in-older-australian-men
#17
Kara L Holloway-Kew, David J Moloney, Gosia Bucki-Smith, Natalie K Hyde, Sharon L Brennan-Olsen, Elizabeth N Timney, Amelia G Dobbins, Julie A Pasco
Older men who participated in a sporting activity were less likely to sustain any fracture or major osteoporotic fracture over a 6-year follow-up period. PURPOSE: Regular weight-bearing physical activity can reduce fracture risk through an increase in bone strength, as well as reducing falls risk by improving muscle strength and balance. In this study, we aimed to determine whether a specific type of physical activity, sports participation, reduces fracture risk in older Australian men...
April 19, 2018: Archives of Osteoporosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666948/epidemiology-of-hip-fracture-in-belarus-development-of-a-country-specific-frax-model-and-its-comparison-to-neighboring-country-models
#18
H Ramanau, I Chernyanin, E Rudenka, O Lesnyak, A Zakroyeva, J P Bilezikian, H Johansson, N C Harvey, E V McCloskey, J A Kanis
Fracture probabilities resulting from the newly generated FRAX model for Belarus based on regional estimates of the hip fracture incidence were compared with FRAX models of neighboring countries. Differences between the country-specific FRAX patterns and the rank orders of fracture probabilities were modest. OBJECTIVE: This paper describes the epidemiology of hip fractures in Belarus that was used to develop the country-specific fracture prediction FRAX® tool and illustrates its features compared to models for the neighboring countries of Poland, Russia, and Lithuania...
April 17, 2018: Archives of Osteoporosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656305/do-reductions-in-out-of-pocket-expenses-for-dual-energy-x-ray-absorptiometry-scans-translate-to-reduced-fracture-incidence-amongst-older-australians-a-population-based-study
#19
Amanda L Stuart, Sharon L Brennan-Olsen, Julie A Pasco, Amelia G Betson, Kara L Holloway-Kew, Sarah M Hosking, Lana J Williams
This study aimed to compare fracture incidence in the elderly pre- and post-revision of bone density scan reimbursement guidelines, which changed in 2007. Fracture incidence by age group was calculated using population-specific data. Guideline changes did not appear to reduce fracture incidence in the study region located in south-eastern Australia. PURPOSE: In 2007, Medicare Australia revised reimbursement guidelines whereby individuals aged 70 years and over received reduced out-of-pocket expenses for dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) scans...
April 14, 2018: Archives of Osteoporosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623499/a-low-phase-angle-measured-with-bioelectrical-impedance-analysis-is-associated-with-osteoporosis-and-is-a-risk-factor-for-osteoporosis-in-community-dwelling-people-the-yakumo-study
#20
Satoshi Tanaka, Kei Ando, Kazuyoshi Kobayashi, Tetsuro Hida, Kenyu Ito, Mikito Tsushima, Masayoshi Morozumi, Masaaki Machino, Kyotaro Ota, Taisuke Seki, Naoki Ishiguro, Yukiharu Hasegawa, Shiro Imagama
Although the phase angle has been reported to be related to predictive factors and therapeutic effects in various diseases, its relation with osteoporosis is unclear. In our large prospective survey of community-dwelling people, a low phase angle was related with osteoporosis, and it could be a predictor of osteoporosis. PURPOSE: The phase angle measured with bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) is one of the clinically important impedance parameters, and it is a predictor of prognosis and mortality for several diseases...
April 5, 2018: Archives of Osteoporosis
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