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Archives of Osteoporosis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30009330/a-positive-correlation-between-blood-glucose-level-and-bone-mineral-density-in-taiwan
#1
Kun-Hong Li, Yen-Tze Liu, Yu-Wen Yang, Ying-Li Lin, Min-Ling Hung, I-Ching Lin
This study was undertaken to assess the effect of blood glucose on BMD and interactions with age, sex, and BMI in a Taiwanese population. Both obese and non-obese people with type 2 diabetes (T2DM) had higher BMD, at lumbar spine and femoral neck, compared with healthy subjects. In addition, the prevalence of osteoporosis significantly decreased with blood sugar and HbA1c. PURPOSE: This study was undertaken to assess the effect of blood glucose on BMD and possible interactions with age, sex, and BMI in a Taiwanese population...
July 16, 2018: Archives of Osteoporosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30008045/musculoskeletal-health-of-indigenous-australians
#2
REVIEW
Ayse Zengin, Louise J Maple-Brown, Sharon Brennan-Olsen, Jacqueline R Center, Sandra Eades, Peter R Ebeling
INTRODUCTION: Research on non-communicable diseases (NCD) in Indigenous Australians has mostly focused on diabetes mellitus and chronic kidney or cardiovascular disease. Osteoporosis, characterised by low bone mass and structural deterioration of bone tissue, and sarcopenia, the age-related loss of muscle mass and strength, often co-exist with these common NCDs-the combination of which will disproportionately increase bone fragility and fracture risk and negatively influence cortical and trabecular bone...
July 14, 2018: Archives of Osteoporosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29987672/correction-to-geographic-region-socioeconomic-position-and-the-utilisation-of-primary-total-joint-replacement-for-hip-or-knee-osteoarthritis-across-western-victoria-a-cross-sectional-multilevel-study-of-the-australian-orthopaedic-association-national-joint
#3
Sharon Brennan-Olsen, Sara Vogrin, Kara L Holloway, Richard S Page, Muhammad A Sajjad, Mark A Kotowicz, Patricia M Livingston, Mustafa Khasraw, Sharon Hakkennes, Trish L Dunning, Susan Brumby, Daryl Pedler, Alasdair Sutherland, Svetha Venkatesh, Lana J Williams, Gustavo Duque, Steven Graves, Michelle Lorimer, Julie A Pasco
The names of the co-authors Steven Graves and Michelle Lorimer were missing from the manuscript supplied for publication. The lead authors regret this error and apologize for any inconvenience.
July 9, 2018: Archives of Osteoporosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29987388/opportunistic-screening-for-osteoporosis-in-abdominal-computed-tomography-for-chinese-population
#4
Yan-Lin Li, Kin-Hoi Wong, Martin Wai-Ming Law, Benjamin Xin-Hao Fang, Vince Wing-Hang Lau, Vince Varut Vardhanabuti, Victor Kam-Ho Lee, Andrew Kai-Chun Cheng, Wai-Yin Ho, Wendy Wai-Man Lam
This study assessed the possibility of diagnosing and excluding osteoporosis with routine abdominal CT scans in a Chinese population who underwent both DXA and CT for unrelated reasons. Statistical correlation was made between the HU measured of the spine on CT and various parameters on DXA. Diagnostic cutoff points in terms of HU were established for the diagnosis (≤ 136 HU) and exclusion (≥ 175 HU) of osteoporosis on sagittal reformatted images. There was excellent positive and negative predictive value for the DXA-defined diagnostic subgroups and were also comparable with previous studies in Caucasian populations...
July 9, 2018: Archives of Osteoporosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29978364/effect-of-a-patient-support-program-on-once-daily-teriparatide-adherence-and-persistence-in-the-japan-fracture-observational-study-jfos
#5
Masayo Sato, Mika Tsujimoto, Kenta Kajimoto, Hideyuki Uetake, Hiroo Shimoda, Saeko Fujiwara
Japanese patients with osteoporosis prescribed once-daily teriparatide for 24 months could enroll in a patient-support program designed to aid adherence and persistence. Patients enrolled in the program had higher adherence and persistence rates than those who did not enroll, highlighting the value of patient-support programs for improving adherence and persistence. OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect of a patient-support program on once-daily teriparatide adherence and persistence of patients who did and did not enroll...
July 5, 2018: Archives of Osteoporosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29971507/correction-to-consensus-on-best-practice-standards-for-fracture-liaison-service-in-the-asia-pacific-region
#6
Ding-Cheng Derrick Chan, Lo-Yu Chang, Kristina E Akesson, Paul Mitchell, Chung-Hwan Chen, E Michael Lewiecki, Joon Kiong Lee, Tang Ching Lau, Thawee Songpatanasilp, Kin Bong Lee, Kwang Joon Kim, Jung-Fu Chen, Ko-En Huang, Yih-Lan Gau, Yin-Fan Chang, Peter Ebeling, Weibo Xia, Wei Yu, Atsushi Suzuki, Fen Lee Hew, Leilani B Mercado-Asis, Yoon-Sok Chung, Keh-Sung Tsai, Gau-Tyan Lin, Rong-Sen Yang, Chih-Hsing Wu
In this article the name of the sixth author, E. Michael Lewiecki was rendered incorrectly. The publisher regrets this error and apologizes for the inconvenience caused.
July 3, 2018: Archives of Osteoporosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29971503/hip-and-spine-bone-mineral-density-are-greater-in-master-sprinters-but-not-endurance-runners-compared-with-non-athletic-controls
#7
J Piasecki, J S McPhee, K Hannam, K C Deere, A Elhakeem, M Piasecki, H Degens, J H Tobias, A Ireland
We examined bone density in older athletes and controls. Sprinters had greater hip and spine bone density than endurance athletes and controls, whereas values were similar in the latter two groups. These results could not be explained by differences in impact, muscle size or power between sprint and endurance athletes. PURPOSE: We examined the relationship between prolonged participation in regular sprint or endurance running and skeletal health at key clinical sites in older age, and the factors responsible for any associations which we observed...
July 3, 2018: Archives of Osteoporosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29968169/low-physical-performance-determined-by-chair-rising-test-muscle-mechanography-is-associated-with-prevalent-fragility-fractures
#8
Tobias Rupp, Sebastian Butscheidt, Katharina Jähn, Maciej Jk Simon, Haider Mussawy, Ralf Oheim, Florian Barvencik, Michael Amling, Tim Rolvien
This study examined associations between physical performance assessed by chair rising test muscle mechanography and DXA T-score as well as body composition in a large patient cohort. Next to various significant interrelationships between these muscle and bone parameters, lower physical performance was associated with prevalent fragility fractures. PURPOSE: Although the interaction between muscle and bone has been demonstrated in various aspects, the clinical focus in the diagnosis of musculoskeletal disorders mainly lies on the skeletal assessments...
July 2, 2018: Archives of Osteoporosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29959608/knowledge-of-risk-factors-and-prevention-of-osteoporosis-the-israeli-women-s-health-at-midlife-study
#9
Tzvia Blumstein, Yael Benyamini, Adel Farhi, Valentina Boyko, Liat Lerner-Geva
Wide disparities in knowledge of risk factors and prevention of osteoporosis were demonstrated among midlife Israeli minority women (Arabs and immigrants from the former USSR) compared to Jewish long-time residents. Women who believed osteoporosis to be a serious disease and those who felt susceptible to it reported better knowledge. PURPOSE: The main goals of this study were to assess knowledge of risk factors and preventive measures for osteoporosis in middle-aged women and to evaluate the relationship of knowledge to personal risk factors and personal perceptions about osteoporosis...
June 29, 2018: Archives of Osteoporosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29936589/vitamin-d-and-parathyroid-hormone-in-relation-to-bone-health-in-croatian-women
#10
Irena Keser, Selma Cvijetić, Martina Bituh, Ivana Rumora Samarin, Jasminka Z Ilich, Irena Colić Barić, Ivana Rumbak
In N = 400 women (46.9 ± 15.5 years), the prevalence of severe (< 25 nmol/l) and mild (≥ 25 and < 50 nmol/l) 25(OH)D deficiency was 7 and 32.2%, respectively, while 60.8% women had adequate status. Serum iPTH increased (> 37.0 pg/ml) when 25(OH)D was < 46.9 nmol/l. BMD was not significantly lower in the participants with iPTH > 37.0 pg/ml. PURPOSE: Bone mineral density (BMD) is affected by serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) and intact parathyroid hormone (iPTH)...
June 24, 2018: Archives of Osteoporosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29931598/prediction-of-changes-in-bone-mineral-density-in-the-elderly-contribution-of-osteogenomic-profile
#11
Thao P Ho-Le, Hanh M Pham, Jacqueline R Center, John A Eisman, Hung T Nguyen, Tuan V Nguyen
The contribution of genetic variants to longitudinal bone loss has not been well documented. We constructed an "osteogenomic profile" based on 62 BMD-associated genetic variants and showed that the profile was significantly associated with bone loss, independently from baseline BMD and age. The osteogenomic profile can help predict bone loss in an individual. INTRODUCTION: The rate of longitudinal bone loss (ΔBMD) is a risk factor for fracture. The variation in ΔBMD is partly determined by genetic factors...
June 21, 2018: Archives of Osteoporosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29904824/patient-satisfaction-and-efficacy-of-switching-from-weekly-bisphosphonates-to-monthly-minodronate-for-treatment-and-prevention-of-glucocorticoid-induced-osteoporosis-in-japanese-patients-with-systemic-rheumatic-diseases-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#12
Shin-Ya Tamechika, Kaneshige Sasaki, Yoshihito Hayami, Shin-Ichiro Ohmura, Shinji Maeda, Shiho Iwagaitsu, Taio Naniwa
The randomized, clinical trial demonstrated that switching to monthly minodronate from weekly alendronate and risedronate provides greater increases in patients' satisfaction and bone mineral density and more substantial decreases in a bone resorption marker than continuing weekly alendronate and risedronate in patients with systemic rheumatic diseases on glucocorticoid therapy. PURPOSE: Osteoporosis and associated fractures are major concerns for patients with systemic rheumatic diseases on long-term glucocorticoid therapy...
June 13, 2018: Archives of Osteoporosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29892791/severe-hypoglycemia-is-associated-with-high-risk-for-falls-in-adults-with-type-1-diabetes
#13
Viral N Shah, Mengdi Wu, Nicole Foster, Ruban Dhaliwal, Mona Al Mukaddam
We evaluated fall frequency and factors affecting falls among middle-aged and older adults with type 1 diabetes (T1D) from T1D Exchange Registry. Twenty-nine percent of T1D participants reported falls within the past 12 months. Severe hypoglycemia, diabetic peripheral neuropathy, and depression were associated with falls in adults with T1D. PURPOSE: Fall is an important risk factor for osteoporotic fracture; we evaluated fall frequency and factors affecting falls among middle-aged and older adults with type 1 diabetes (T1D)...
June 12, 2018: Archives of Osteoporosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29886557/osteosarcopenic-obesity-and-its-relationship-with-dyslipidemia-in-women-from-different-ethnic-groups-of-china
#14
Dan Mo, Peishan Hsieh, Hongrong Yu, Lining Zhou, Jichun Gong, Lin Xu, Peng Liu, Gang Chen, Zhao Chen, Qiongying Deng
OBJECTIVES: To explore the prevalence and ethnic differences of osteosarcopenic obesity (OSO) and dyslipidemia and their relationship among Maonan, Mulam, Hmong, and Yao minorities in China. METHODS: A total of 2315 Maonan, Mulam, Hmong, and Yao women aged 20-95 from Guangxi were included in this study. Questionnaire survey was carried out and their blood lipids were tested. Body compositions were measured by bioelectrical impedance analysis, and T-score was assessed by ultrasonic examination, respectively...
June 9, 2018: Archives of Osteoporosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29860609/appendicular-fracture-epidemiology-of-children-and-adolescents-a-10-year-case-review-in-western-australia-2005-to-2015
#15
Mark Jenkins, Sophia Nimphius, Nicolas H Hart, Paola Chivers, Timo Rantalainen, Kristina Rueter, Meredith L Borland, Fleur McIntyre, Katherine Stannage, Aris Siafarikas
Fracture incidence data of Australian children and adolescents have not been reported in the literature. A 10-year case review of fracture presentations in Western Australia is provided. Between 2005 and 2015, fracture incidence increased relative to population growth. This is concerning, and interventions are required to reverse this trend. PURPOSE: Fracture incidence in 0-16-year-olds is high and varies between countries. Boys have a 1.5:1 ratio of fracture incidence compared to girls...
June 2, 2018: Archives of Osteoporosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29860553/high-prevalence-of-vitamin-d-deficiency-and-influencing-factors-among-urban-and-rural-residents-in-tianjin-china
#16
Fang Fang, Hongyan Wei, Kunling Wang, Long Tan, Wanqi Zhang, Li Ding, Tong Liu, Zhongyan Shan, Mei Zhu
There was a high prevalence of vitamin D deficiency among residents in Tianjin, China, especially among female residents, rural young adults, and elderly individuals. This is the first large-scale study evaluating vitamin D status in Tianjin, China, and we believe that it makes a significant contribution to the literature. PURPOSE: Vitamin D deficiency has been documented as a worldwide public health problem. To our knowledge, there has not been any large-scale study on vitamin D status in Tianjin, China...
June 2, 2018: Archives of Osteoporosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29806069/all-25-hydroxyvitamin-d-deficient-indian-postmenopausal-women-do-not-have-secondary-hyperparathyroidism
#17
Vivek Dixit, R L Tripathi, Dinesh Kumar Dhanwal
This study shows a high 25-hydroxyvitamin D deficiency among postmenopausal women accompanying secondary hyperparathyroidism. However, a sizable number of subjects did not have secondary hyperparathyroidism despite having low 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels. This condition arises a research question in clinical practice needed to be addressed in the future. PURPOSE: The present study was attempted to determine the prevalence of secondary hyperparathyroidism and also to analyze the mean value (cutoff) of 25-hydroxyvitamin D from where the PTH begins to rise in Indian postmenopausal women...
May 27, 2018: Archives of Osteoporosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790041/volumetric-bone-mineral-density-vbmd-bone-structure-and-structural-geometry-among-rural-south-indian-us-caucasian-and-afro-caribbean-older-men
#18
Guru Rajesh Jammy, Robert M Boudreau, Tushar Singh, Pawan Kumar Sharma, Kristine Ensrud, Joseph M Zmuda, P S Reddy, Anne B Newman, Jane A Cauley
Peripheral quantitative computed tomography (pQCT) provides biomechanical estimates of bone strength. Rural South Indian men have reduced biomechanical indices of bone strength compared to US Caucasian and Afro-Caribbean men. This suggests an underlying higher risk of osteoporotic fractures and greater future fracture burden among the rural South Indian men. INTRODUCTION: Geographical and racial comparisons of bone mineral density (BMD) have largely focused on DXA measures of areal BMD...
May 22, 2018: Archives of Osteoporosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790021/the-effect-of-cholecystectomy-on-25-hydroxyvitamin-d-levels-and-bone-mineral-density-in-postmenopausal-women
#19
Hatice Beyazal Polat, Munevver Serdaroglu Beyazal
Vitamin D deficiency has been reported in patients with gastrointestinal disorders. Little is known on the potentially deleterious effect of cholecystectomy on vitamin D levels and osteoporosis. We found that 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels and bone mineral density were lower in patients with prior cholecystectomy. PURPOSE: The influence of bile salts on vitamin D absorption is well-known, and increased incidence of vitamin D deficiency has been reported in patients with gastrointestinal disorders...
May 22, 2018: Archives of Osteoporosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754189/consensus-on-best-practice-standards-for-fracture-liaison-service-in-the-asia-pacific-region
#20
Ding-Cheng Derrick Chan, Lo-Yu Chang, Kristina E Akesson, Paul Mitchell, Chung-Hwan Chen, E Michael Lewiecki, Joon Kiong Lee, Tang Ching Lau, Thawee Songpatanasilp, Kin Bong Lee, Kwang Joon Kim, Jung-Fu Chen, Ko-En Huang, Yih-Lan Gau, Yin-Fan Chang, Peter Ebeling, Weibo Xia, Wei Yu, Atsushi Suzuki, Fen Lee Hew, Leilani B Mercado-Asis, Yoon-Sok Chung, Keh-Sung Tsai, Gau-Tyan Lin, Rong-Sen Yang, Chih-Hsing Wu
The Fracture Liaison Service (FLS) Consensus Meeting endorsed by the International Osteoporosis Foundation (IOF), Asian Federation of Osteoporosis Societies (AFOS), and Asia Pacific Osteoporosis Foundation (APOF) was hosted by the Taiwanese Osteoporosis Association on October 14, 2017. International and domestic experts reviewed the 13 Best Practice Framework (BPF) standards and concluded that all standards were generally applicable in the Asia-Pacific region and needed only minor modifications to fit the healthcare settings in the region...
May 12, 2018: Archives of Osteoporosis
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