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Journal of Biophotonics

Gilad Yahav, Eran Barnoy, Nir Roth, Lior Turgeman, Dror Fixler
Fluorescence lifetime imaging microscopy (FLIM) is an essential tool in many scientific fields such as biology and medicine thanks to the known advantages of the fluorescence lifetime (FLT) over the classical fluorescence intensity (FI). However, the frequency domain (FD) FLIM technique suffers from its strong dependence on the reference and its compliance to the sample. In this paper, we suggest a new way to calculate the FLT by using the crossing point (CRPO) between the modulation and phase FLTs measured over several light emitting diode (LED) DC currents values instead of either method alone...
October 24, 2016: Journal of Biophotonics
Radu Hristu, Stefan G Stanciu, Denis E Tranca, George A Stanciu
Imaging tissue samples by polarization-resolved second harmonic generation microscopy provides both qualitative and quantitative insights into collagen organization in a label-free manner. Polarization-resolved second harmonic generation microscopy goes beyond simple intensity-based imaging by adding the laser beam polarization component and applying different quantitative metrics such as the anisotropy factor. It thus provides valuable information on collagen arrangement not available with intensity measurements alone...
October 24, 2016: Journal of Biophotonics
Edem Dovlo, Bahman Lashkari, Sung Soo Sean Choi, Andreas Mandelis, Wei Shi, Fei-Fei Liu
Overcoming the limitations of conventional linear spectroscopy used in multispectral photoacoustic imaging, wherein a linear relationship is assumed between the absorbed optical energy and the absorption spectra of the chromophore at a specific location, is crucial for obtaining accurate spatially-resolved quantitative functional information by exploiting known chromophore-specific spectral characteristics. This study introduces a non-invasive phase-filtered differential photoacoustic technique, wavelength-modulated differential photoacoustic radar (WM-DPAR) imaging that addresses this issue by eliminating the effect of the unknown wavelength-dependent fluence...
October 19, 2016: Journal of Biophotonics
Fatemeh Nooshabadi, Hee-Jeong Yang, Yunfeng Cheng, Madeleine S Durkee, Hexin Xie, Jianghong Rao, Jeffrey D Cirillo, Kristen C Maitland
Tuberculosis is a pulmonary disease with an especially high mortality rate in immuno-compromised populations, specifically children and HIV positive individuals. The causative agent, Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb), is a very slow growing and difficult organism to work with, making both diagnosis and development of effective treatments cumbersome. We utilize a fiber-optic fluorescence microendoscope integrated with a whole-body imaging system for in vivo Mtb detection. The system exploits an endogenous enzyme of Mtb (β-lactamase, or BlaC) using a BlaC-specific NIR fluorogenic substrate...
October 18, 2016: Journal of Biophotonics
Evangelia Gavgiotaki, George Filippidis, Haris Markomanolaki, George Kenanakis, Sofia Agelaki, Vassilis Georgoulias, Irene Athanassakis
Third Harmonic Generation (THG) microscopy as a non-invasive, label free imaging methodology, allows linkage of lipid profiles with various breast cancer cells. The collected THG signal arise mostly from the lipid droplets and the membrane lipid bilayer. Quantification of THG signal can accurately distinguish HER2-positive cells. Further analysis using Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectra reveals cancer-specific profiles, correlating lipid raft-corresponding spectra to THG signal, associating thus THG to chemical information...
October 18, 2016: Journal of Biophotonics
Jinge Yang, Dan Wu, Yong Tang, Huabei Jiang
Acupuncture has been an effective treatment for various pain in China for several thousand years. However, the mechanisms underlying this mysterious ancient healing are still largely unknown. Here we applied photoacoustic microscopy (PAM) to investigate brain hemodynamic changes in response to electronic acupuncture (EA) at ST36 (Zusanli). Due to the high optical absorption of blood at 532 nm, PAM could sensitively probe changes in hemoglobin concentration (HbT, i.e., cerebral blood volume [CBV]) of cortical regions in high resolution...
October 18, 2016: Journal of Biophotonics
Amy T Shah, Taylor M Cannon, James N Higginbotham, Robert J Coffey, Melissa C Skala
Clinical cancer treatment aims to target all cell subpopulations within a tumor. Autofluorescence microscopy of the metabolic cofactors NAD(P)H and FAD has shown sensitivity to anti-cancer treatment response. Alternatively, flow cytometry is attractive for high throughput analysis and flow sorting. This study measures cellular autofluorescence in three flow cytometry channels and applies cellular autofluorescence to sort a heterogeneous mixture of breast cancer cells into subpopulations enriched for each phenotype...
October 12, 2016: Journal of Biophotonics
Scott Palmer, Karina Litvinova, Andrey Dunaev, Ji Yubo, David McGloin, Ghulam Nabi
Bladder cancer is among the most common cancers in the UK and conventional detection techniques suffer from low sensitivity, low specificity, or both. Recent attempts to address the disparity have led to progress in the field of autofluorescence as a means to diagnose the disease with high efficiency, however there is still a lot not known about autofluorescence profiles in the disease. The multi-functional diagnostic system "LAKK-M" was used to assess autofluorescence profiles of healthy and cancerous bladder tissue to identify novel biomarkers of the disease...
October 7, 2016: Journal of Biophotonics
William Lewis, Juan-Pablo Padilla-Martinez, Antonio Ortega-Martinez, Walfre Franco
A significant source of morbidity in the elderly population of the United States is osteoarthritis (OA), a disease caused by the breakdown and loss of articular cartilage. The exact causes of OA remain unknown, though biomechanical forces and biochemical alterations are important factors. There exists an unmet need for an imaging tool to identify early lesions of OA via metabolic, chemical or structural changes. Our work aims to characterize changes in the intensity of UV fluorescent bands associated with known structural proteins of cartilage...
October 7, 2016: Journal of Biophotonics
Stephan Stöckel, Susann Meisel, Björn Lorenz, Sandra Kloß, Sandra Henk, Stefan Dees, Elvira Richter, Sönke Andres, Matthias Merker, Ines Labugger, Petra Rösch, Jürgen Popp
In this study, Raman microspectroscopy has been utilized to identify mycobacteria to the species level. Because of the slow growth of mycobacteria, the per se cultivation-independent Raman microspectroscopy emerges as a perfect tool for a rapid on-the-spot mycobacterial diagnostic test. Special focus was laid upon the identification of Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex (MTC) strains, as the main causative agent of pulmonary tuberculosis worldwide, and the differentiation between pathogenic and commensal nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM)...
October 7, 2016: Journal of Biophotonics
Niklas A Markwardt, Herbert Stepp, Gerhard Franz, Ronald Sroka, Marcus Goetz, Petr Zelenkov, Adrian Rühm
Stereotactic biopsy is used to enable diagnostic confirmation of brain tumors and treatment planning. Despite being a well-established technique, it is related to significant morbidity and mortality rates mostly caused by hemorrhages due to blood vessel ruptures. This paper presents a method of vessel detection during stereotactic biopsy that can be easily implemented by integrating two side-view fibers into a conventional side-cutting biopsy needle. Tissue within the needle window is illuminated through the first fiber; the second fiber detects the remitted light...
October 7, 2016: Journal of Biophotonics
Cíntia Yuki Fukuoka, Gabriella Torres Schröter, José Nicolau, Alyne Simões
Low-power laser irradiation (LPLI) has been extensively employed to modulate inflammation in vitro and in vivo. Previous reports from our group indicated that LPLI might regulate glycemia in diabetic animals. Diabetes results in chronic hyperglycemia and therefore chronic inflammation by upregulation of inflammatory markers such as the high mobility group box 1 (HMGB1) protein. Thus this study aimed to analyze the LPLI effects upon blood glucose levels, plasma insulin and HMGB1 concentrations in a diabetes experimental rat model...
October 7, 2016: Journal of Biophotonics
Judith Krawinkel, Maria Leilani Torres-Mapa, Eisha Mhatre, Ákos T Kovács, Alexander Heisterkamp
There is a huge interest in developing strategies to effectively eliminate biofilms due to their negative impact in both industrial and clinical settings. In this study, structural damage was induced on two day-old B. subtilis biofilms using the interaction of 532 nm pulsed laser with gold thin films. Radiant exposure of 225 mJ/cm(2) induced distinct changes on the surface structure and overall morphology of the matured biofilms after laser irradiation. Moreover, at the radiant exposure used, changes in the colour and viscosity of the biofilm were observed which may indicate a compromised extracellular matrix...
October 7, 2016: Journal of Biophotonics
Ana Belén González-Guerrero, Jesús Maldonado, Stefania Dante, Daniel Grajales, Laura M Lechuga
A label-free interferometric transducer showing a theoretical detection limit for homogeneous sensing of 5 × 10(-8) RIU, being equivalent to a protein mass coverage resolution of 2.8 fg mm(-2) , is used to develop a high sensitive biosensor for protein detection. The extreme sensitivity of this transducer combined with a selective bioreceptor layer enables the direct evaluation of the human growth hormone (hGH) in undiluted urine matrix in the 10 pg mL(-1) range.
September 27, 2016: Journal of Biophotonics
Ye Chen, Adam Glaser, Jonathan T C Liu
One of the main challenges for laser-scanning microscopy of biological tissues with refractive heterogeneities is the degradation in spatial resolution that occurs as a result of beam steering and distortion. This challenge is particularly significant for dual-axis confocal (DAC) microscopy, which achieves improved spatial-filtering and optical-sectioning performance over traditional confocal microscopy through off-axis illumination and collection of light with low-numerical aperture (NA) beams that must intersect precisely at their foci within tissues...
September 26, 2016: Journal of Biophotonics
Cassio Aparecido Lima, Viviane Pereira Goulart, Etelvino Jose Henriques Bechara, Luciana Correa, Denise Maria Zezell
5-aminolevulinic acid (ALA) and its methylated ester (MAL) are the most common topical agents used in photodynamic therapy (PDT) as precursors of the photosensitizer protoporphyrin IX (PpIX). The induction of newly PpIX depends on incubation time of each photosensitizer in the tissue and the presence of high intralesional porphyrin levels is an important parameter for the PDT effectiveness. This study used laser-induced fluorescence (LIF) spectroscopy to evaluate the optimum time to light exposure of PDT mediated by ALA (20% w/w) and MAL (10% w/w) to treat malignant lesions precursors of cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma induced in mice...
September 22, 2016: Journal of Biophotonics
Rozhin Penjweini, Michele M Kim, Baochang Liu, Timothy C Zhu
Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is known as a non-invasive treatment modality that is based on photochemical reactions between oxygen, photosensitizer, and a special wavelength of light. However, a dosimetric predictor for PDT outcome is still elusive because current dosimetric quantities do not account for the differences in the PDT oxygen consumption rate for different fluence rates. In this study, we evaluate several dose metrics, total fluence, photobleaching ratio, PDT dose, and mean reacted singlet oxygen (mean [(1) O2 ]rx ) for predicting the PDT outcome and a clinically relevant tumor re-growth endpoint...
September 22, 2016: Journal of Biophotonics
Jorge Luis Costa Carvalho, Auriléia Aparecida de Brito, Ana Paula Ligeiro de Oliveira, Hugo Caire de Castro Faria Neto, Thiago Martini Pereira, Regiane Albertini de Carvalho, Elen Anatriello, Flávio Aimbire
Recent studies show that low-level laser therapy (LLLT) has an important anti-inflammatory action in acute lung inflammation. The present work explored if laser therapy is able to antagonize eosinophils and allergic inflammation induced by oxidative stress in Balb/c mice. Forty-eight hours after challenge, the leukocyte counting, ROS and nitrite/nitrate level, RANTES, CCL3, CCL8 as well as eotaxins were measured in the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) of laser-treated mice or not. Into the lung, some chemokines receptors, the iNOS activity and mRNA expression, and the activities of superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase, gluthatione, NADPH oxidase activities and thiobarbituric acid reactive species (T-Bars) were measured...
September 20, 2016: Journal of Biophotonics
Selly Sayuri Suzuki, Aguinaldo Silva Garcez, Hideo Suzuki, Edilson Ervolino, Won Moon, Martha Simões Ribeiro
This study evaluated the biological effects of low-level laser therapy (LLLT) on bone remodeling, tooth displacement and root resorption, occurred during the orthodontic tooth movement. Upper first molars of a total of sixty-eight male rats were subjected to orthodontic tooth movement and euthanized on days 3, 6, 9, 14 and 21 days and divided as negative control, control and LLLT group. Tooth displacement and histomorphometric analysis were performed in all animals; scanning electron microscopy analysis was done on days 3, 6 and 9, as well as the immunohistochemistry analysis of RANKL/OPG and TRAP markers...
September 20, 2016: Journal of Biophotonics
Tania Mateus Yoshimura, Caetano Padial Sabino, Martha Simões Ribeiro
Systemic inflammation is closely related to the development of insulin resistance and type-2 diabetes, since the activation of pro-inflammatory pathways leads to inhibition of insulin signaling. Although photobiomodulation (PBM) has proven beneficial effects on the treatment of inflammatory disorders, the phototherapeutic approach to manage the chronic inflammatory component of obesity and hyperglycemia had never been explored. In this work, obese and hyperglycemic mice are treated with PBM, and their body mass, glycemia and inflammatory infiltrate of abdominal adipose tissue are evaluated...
September 16, 2016: Journal of Biophotonics
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