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Journal of Biophotonics

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544745/fs-laser-ablation-of-teeth-is-temperature-limited-and-provides-information-about-the-ablated-components
#1
Rebeca Ferraz de Menezes, Catherine Malinda Harvey, Marleny Elizabeth Márquez de Martínez Gerbi, Zachary J Smith, Dan Smith, Juan C Ivaldi, Alton Phillips, James W Chan, Sebastian Wachsmann-Hogiu
The goal of this work is to investigate the thermal effects of femtosecond laser (fs-laser) ablation for the removal of carious dental tissue. Additional studies identify different tooth tissues through femtosecond laser induced breakdown spectroscopy (fsLIBS) for the development of a feedback loop that could be utilized during ablation in a clinical setting. Scanning Election Microscope (SEM) images reveal that minimal morphological damages are incurred at repetition rates below the carbonization threshold of each tooth tissue...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Biophotonics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544641/reflectance-spectroscopy-to-shed-new-light-on-the-capillary-refill-test
#2
Rani Toll John, Joakim Henricson, Gert E Nilsson, Daniel Wilhelms, Chris D Anderson
To use Bioengineering methodology is used to achieve, at five anatomical sites, a detailed, quantitative assessment of the return of blood content to the blanched area, during the Capillary Refill (CR) test. An observational, non-randomized, experimental study on 23 healthy subjects (14 females) was performed in our climate controlled skin physiology laboratory. Our main outcome measures were based on the chronological assessment and quantification of red blood cell concentration (RBC) after the release of blanching pressure in the CR test, using Tissue Viability Imaging (TiVi), a digital photographic technique based on polarisation spectroscopy...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Biophotonics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516738/intrinsic-fluorescence-and-mechanical-testing-of-articular-cartilage-in-human-patients-with-osteoarthritis
#3
Juan Pablo Padilla-Martinez, William Lewis, Antonio Ortega-Martinez, Walfre Franco
The degeneration of articular cartilage is the main cause of osteoarthritis (OA), a common cause of disability among elderly patients. The aim of this study is to understand the correlation between intrinsic fluorescence of articular cartilage and its biomechanical properties in patients with osteoarthritis. Cylindrical samples of articular cartilage 6 mm in diameter were extracted via biopsy punch from the femoral condyles of 6 patients with advanced OA undergoing knee replacement surgery. The mechanical stiffness and fluorescence of each cartilage plug were measured by indentation test and spectrofluorometry...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Biophotonics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516672/two-photon-imaging-of-fiber-coupled-neurons
#4
M S Pochechuev, I V Fedotov, O I Ivashkina, M A Roshchina, K V Anokhin, A M Zheltikov
Optical coupling between a single, individually addressable neuron and a properly designed optical fiber is demonstrated. Two-photon imaging is shown to enable a quantitative in situ analysis of such fiber-single-neuron coupling in the live brain of transgenic mice. Fiber-optic interrogation of single pyramidal neurons in mouse brain cortex is performed with the positioning of the fiber probe relative to the neuron accurately mapped by means of two-photon imaging. These results pave the way for fiber-optic interfaces to single neurons for a stimulation and interrogation of individually addressable brain cells in chronic in vivo studies on freely behaving transgenic animal models, as well as the integration of fiber-optic single-neuron stimulation into the optical imaging framework...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Biophotonics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516571/fsoca-induced-switchable-footpad-skin-optical-clearing-window-for-blood-flow-and-cell-imaging-in%C3%A2-vivo
#5
Rui Shi, Wei Feng, Chao Zhang, Zhihong Zhang, Dan Zhu
The mouse footpad for its feature of hairlessness provides an available window for imaging vascular and cellular structure and function in vivo. Unfortunately, the strong scattering of its skin limits the penetration of light and reduces the imaging contrast and depth. Herein, an innovative footpad skin optical clearing agent (FSOCA) was developed to make the footpad skin transparent quickly by topical application. The results demonstrate that FSOCA treatment not only allowed the cutaneous blood vessels and blood flow distribution to be monitored by laser speckle contrast imaging technique with higher contrast, but also permitted the fluorescent cells to be imaged by laser scanning confocal microscopy with higher fluorescence signal intensity and larger imaging depth...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Biophotonics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516508/near-infrared-photodynamic-inactivation-of-s-pneumoniae-and-its-interaction-with-raw-264-7-macrophages
#6
Ilaiáli S Leite, Mariana C Geralde, Ana C G Salina, Alexandra I Medeiros, Lívia N Dovigo, Vanderlei S Bagnato, Natalia M Inada
Pneumonia is the main cause of children mortality worldwide, and its major treatment obstacle stems from the microorganisms increasing development of resistance to several antibiotics. Photodynamic therapy has been presenting, for the last decades, promising results for some subtypes of cancer and infections. In this work we aimed to develop a safe and efficient in vitro protocol for photodynamic inactivation of Streptococcus pneumoniae, one of the most commonly found bacteria in pneumonia cases, using two near-infrared light sources and indocyanine green, a FDA approved dye...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Biophotonics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516475/evaluation-of-detection-distance-dependent-reflectance-spectroscopy-for-the-determination-of-the-sun-protection-factor-using-pig-ear-skin
#7
Carina Reble, Ingo Gersonde, Sabine Schanzer, Martina C Meinke, Jürgen Helfmann, Jürgen Lademann
Determination of sun protection factors (SPFs) is currently an invasive method, which is based on erythema formation (phototest). Here we describe an optical setup and measurement methodology for the determination of SPFs based on diffuse reflectance spectroscopy, which measures UV-reflectance spectra at 4 distances from the point of illumination. Due to a high spatial variation of the reflectance data, most likely due to inhomogeneities of the sunscreen distribution, data of 50 measurement positions are averaged...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Biophotonics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493437/extended-axial-imaging-range-widefield-swept-source-optical-coherence-tomography-angiography
#8
Gangjun Liu, Jianlong Yang, Jie Wang, Yan Li, Pengxiao Zang, Yali Jia, David Huang
We developed a high-speed, swept source OCT system for widefield OCT angiography (OCTA) imaging. The system has an extended axial imaging range of 6.6 mm. An electrical lens is used for fast, automatic focusing. The recently developed split-spectrum amplitude and phase-gradient angiography allow high-resolution OCTA imaging with only two B-scan repetitions. An improved post-processing algorithm effectively removed trigger jitter artifacts and reduced noise in the flow signal. We demonstrated high contrast 3 mm×3 mm OCTA image with 400×400 pixels acquired in 3 seconds and high-definition 8 mm×6 mm and 12 mm×6 mm OCTA images with 850×400 pixels obtained in 4 seconds...
May 11, 2017: Journal of Biophotonics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493426/optical-coherence-elastography-for-strain-dynamics-measurements-in-laser-correction-of-cornea-shape
#9
Vladimir Y Zaitsev, Alexander L Matveyev, Lev A Matveev, Grigory V Gelikonov, Alexander I Omelchenko, Olga I Baum, Sergey E Avetisov, Andrey V Bolshunov, Vladimir I Siplivy, Dmitry V Shabanov, Alex Vitkin, Emil N Sobol
We describe the use of elastographic processing in phase-sensitive optical coherence tomography (OCT) for visualizing dynamics of strain and tissue-shape changes during laser-induced photothermal corneal reshaping, for applications in the emerging field of non-destructive and non-ablative (non-LASIK) laser vision correction. The proposed phase-processing approach based on fairly sparse data acquisition enabled rapid data processing and near-real-time visualization of dynamic strains. The approach avoids conventional phase unwrapping, yet allows for mapping strains even for significantly supra-wavelength inter-frame displacements of scatterers accompanied by multiple phase-wrapping...
May 11, 2017: Journal of Biophotonics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488393/in-vitro-analysis-of-early-calcification-in-aortic-valvular-interstitial-cells-using-laser-induced-breakdown-spectroscopy-libs
#10
Seyyed Ali Davari, Shirin Masjedi, Zannatul Ferdous, Dibyendu Mukherjee
Calcific aortic valve disease (CAVD) is a major cardiovascular disorder caused by osteogenic differentiation of valvular interstitial cells (VICs) within aortic valves. Conventional methods like colorimetric assays and histology fail to detect small calcium depositions during in-vitro VIC cultures. Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS) is a robust analytical tool used for inorganic materials characterizations, but relatively new to biomedical applications. We employ LIBS, for the first time, for quantitative in-vitro detection of calcium depositions in VICs at various osteogenic differentiation stages...
May 9, 2017: Journal of Biophotonics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485498/plasmonic-nanoparticles-decorated-diatomite-biosilica-extending-the-horizon-of-on-chip-chromatography-and-label-free-biosensing
#11
Xianming Kong, Erwen Li, Kenny Squire, Ye Liu, Bo Wu, Li-Jing Cheng, Alan X Wang
Diatomite consists of fossilized remains of ancient diatoms and is a type of naturally abundant photonic crystal biosilica with multiple unique physical and chemical functionalities. In this paper, we explored the fluidic properties of diatomite as the matrix for on-chip chromatography and, simultaneously, the photonic crystal effects to enhance the plasmonic resonances of metallic nanoparticles for surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) biosensing. The plasmonic nanoparticle-decorated diatomite biosilica provides a lab-on-a-chip capability to separate and detect small molecules from mixture samples with ultra-high detection sensitivity down to 1 ppm...
May 9, 2017: Journal of Biophotonics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485132/robust-numerical-phase-stabilization-for-long-range-swept-source-optical-coherence-tomography
#12
Shaozhen Song, Jingjiang Xu, Shaojie Men, Tueng T Shen, Ruikang K Wang
A novel phase stabilization technique is demonstrated with significant improvement in the phase stability of a micro-electromechanical (MEMS) vertical cavity surface-emitting laser (VCSEL) based swept-source optical coherence tomography (SS-OCT) system. Without any requirements of hardware modifications, the new fully numerical phase stabilization technique features high tolerance to acquisition jitter, and significantly reduced budget in computational effort. We demonstrate that when measured with biological tissue, this technique enables a phase sensitivity of 89 mrad in highly scattering tissue, with image ranging distance of up to 12...
May 9, 2017: Journal of Biophotonics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485130/fluorescence-hyperspectral-imaging-fhsi-using-a-spectrally-resolved-detector-array
#13
Anna Siri Luthman, Sebastian Dumitru, Isabel Quiros-Gonzalez, James Joseph, Sarah E Bohndiek
The ability to resolve multiple fluorescent emissions from different biological targets in video rate applications, such as endoscopy and intraoperative imaging, has traditionally been limited by the use of filter-based imaging systems. Hyperspectral imaging (HSI) facilitates the detection of both spatial and spectral information in a single data acquisition, however, instrumentation for HSI is typically complex, bulky and expensive. We sought to overcome these limitations using a novel robust and low cost HSI camera based on a spectrally resolved detector array (SRDA)...
May 9, 2017: Journal of Biophotonics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485124/autofluorescence-imaging-identifies-tumor-cell-cycle-status-on-a-single-cell-level
#14
Tiffany M Heaster, Alex J Walsh, Yue Zhao, Scott W Hiebert, Melissa C Skala
The goal of this study is to validate fluorescence intensity and lifetime imaging of metabolic co-enzymes NAD(P)H and FAD (optical metabolic imaging, or OMI) as a method to quantify cell-cycle status of tumor cells. Heterogeneity in tumor cell-cycle status (e. g. proliferation, quiescence, apoptosis) increases drug resistance and tumor recurrence. Cell-cycle status is closely linked to cellular metabolism. Thus, this study applies cell-level metabolic imaging to distinguish proliferating, quiescent, and apoptotic populations...
May 9, 2017: Journal of Biophotonics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485113/optomechanical-measurement-of-the-role-of-lamins-in-whole-cell-deformability
#15
Thorsten Kolb, Julia Kraxner, Kai Skodzek, Michael Haug, Dean Crawford, Kendra K Maaß, Katerina E Aifantis, Graeme Whyte
There is mounting evidence that the nuclear envelope, and particularly the lamina, plays a critical role in the mechanical and regulation properties of the cell and changes to the lamina can have implications for the physical properties of the whole cell. In this study we demonstrate that the optical stretcher can measure changes in the time-dependent mechanical properties of living cells with different levels of A-type lamin expression. Results from the optical stretcher shows a decrease in the deformability of cells as the levels of lamin A increases, for cells which grow both adherently and in suspension...
May 9, 2017: Journal of Biophotonics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485093/a-theoretical-experimental-methodology-for-assessing-the-sensitivity-of-biomedical-spectral-imaging-platforms-assays-and-analysis-methods
#16
Silas J Leavesley, Brenner Sweat, Caitlyn Abbott, Peter Favreau, Thomas C Rich
Spectral imaging technologies have been used for many years by the remote sensing community. More recently, these approaches have been applied to biomedical problems, where they have shown great promise. However, biomedical spectral imaging has been complicated by the high variance of biological data and the reduced ability to construct test scenarios with fixed ground truths. Hence, it has been difficult to objectively assess and compare biomedical spectral imaging assays and technologies. Here, we present a standardized methodology that allows assessment of the performance of biomedical spectral imaging equipment, assays, and analysis algorithms...
May 9, 2017: Journal of Biophotonics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485060/imaging-of-fatty-tumors-appearance-of-subcutaneous-lipomas-in-optoacoustic-images
#17
LETTER
Andreas Buehler, Gael Diot, Thomas Volz, Judith Kohlmeyer, Vasilis Ntziachristos
A wide variety of subcutaneous soft-tissue masses may be seen in clinical practice. Clinical examination based on palpation alone is often insufficient to identify the nature and exact origin of the mass, in which case imaging is necessary. We used handheld multispectral optoacoustic imaging technology (MSOT) in a proof-of-principle study to image superficial fatty tumors and compare the images with diagnostic ultrasound. Fatty tumors were clearly visualized by MSOT and exhibited a spectral signature which differed from normal fatty tissue or muscle tissue...
May 9, 2017: Journal of Biophotonics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485056/quantifying-intracellular-equilibrium-dissociation-constants-using-single-channel-time-resolved-fret
#18
Gloria de Las Heras-Martínez, Josu Andrieu, Banafshé Larijani, Jose Requejo-Isidro
Quantification of the intracellular equilibrium dissociation constant of the interaction, Kd , is challenging due to the variability of the relative concentrations of the interacting proteins in the cell. Fluorescence lifetime imaging microscopy (FLIM) of the donor provides an accurate measurement of the molecular fraction of donor involved in FRET, but the fraction of bound acceptor is also needed to reliably estimate Kd . We present a method that exploits the spectroscopic properties of the widely used eGFP - mCherry FRET pair to rigorously determine the intracellular Kd based on imaging the fluorescence lifetime of only the donor (single-channel FLIM)...
May 9, 2017: Journal of Biophotonics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485029/surface-enhanced-raman-scattering-analysis-of-urine-from-deceased-donors-as-a-prognostic-tool-for-kidney-transplant-outcome
#19
Jingmao Chi, Yiwei Ma, Francis L Weng, Heather Thiessen-Philbrook, Chirag R Parikh, Henry Du
We report the utility of surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) analysis of urine from deceased donors for prognosis of kidney transplant outcomes. Iodide-modified silver nanoparticles were used as the enabler for sensitive measurements of urine proteins. Principal component analysis (PCA) and linear discriminant analysis (LDA) were employed for the statistical analysis of the SERS data. Thirty urine samples in three classes were analysed. The ATN class consists of donors whose kidneys had acute tubular necrosis (ATN), the most common type of acute kidney injury (AKI) with high risk of poor graft performance in recipients, yet yielded acceptable transplant outcome...
May 9, 2017: Journal of Biophotonics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464559/light-driven-photosensitizer-uptake-increases-candida-albicans-photodynamic-inactivation
#20
Renan A Romano, Sebastião Pratavieira, Ana P da Silva, Cristina Kurachi, Francisco E G Guimarães
Photodynamic Inactivation (PDI) is based on the use of a photosensitizer (PS) and light that results mainly in the production of reactive oxygen species, aiming to produce microorganism cell death. PS incubation time and light dose are key protocol parameters that influence PDI response; the correct choice of them can increase the efficiency of inactivation. The results of this study show that a minor change in the PDI protocol, namely light-driven incubation leads to a higher photosensitizer and more uniform cell uptake inside the irradiated zone...
May 2, 2017: Journal of Biophotonics
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